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Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences. 2015; 20 (4): 33-43
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-173454


Background and Aim: According to the recorded data on the Health Ministry database, a better understanding of clinical and epidemiological factors associated with ESRD can be helpful for decision making about the treatment and preventive interventions with the aim of public health promotion and development of health programs. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of ESRD and dialysis-related factors from 2000 to 2009

Material and methods: In this cross sectional study, data were obtained from specific diseases office of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of the Islamic Republic of Iran from 2000 to 2009. There was no limitation on patient entry. Finally data were analyzed using SPSS software

Results: This study included 12797 patients [57.07% male and 42.57% female] from 2000 to 2009. The overall incidence of ESRD in men [compared to the gender distribution in the normal population] with a mean age of 58.8 [SD = 17.61] was higher in comparison to women. The most common etiologies were diabetes [25.5%], and hypertension [23.3%] respectively. There were no significant changes in diabetes and hypertension frequencies in the patients between 2000 and 2009. No significant relationship was found between blood groups and ESRD. Prevalence of anemia was higher in the women with ESRD and hemoglobin levels were directly correlated with educational status [P <0.001]

Conclusion: The incidence of ESRD has been on the increase during this study. Also we found a decrease in the middle and an increase at the end of the study in the prevalence of HIV which calls for further assessments

IJKD-Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases. 2010; 4 (2): 123-127
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-105447


Hepatitis C virus [HCV] infection is a hepatotropic virus causing a variety of extrahepatic immunological manifestations and is a risk factor of a variety of extrahepatic diseases, such as mixed cryoglobulinemia and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis [MPGN], which is the most common glomerulonephritis. The aim of this study was to evaluate renal involvement in HCV-infected patients. A total of 300 randomly-selected HCV antibody-positive outpatients at the HCV clinic of Shariati hospital were enrolled. Serum creatinine was measured and glomerular filtration rate was estimated accordingly. Urine proteinuria was measured in 24-hour urine samples. The patients were 249 men [83.2%] and 51 women [16.8%] with a mean age of 37.8 +/- 11.7 years [range, 18 to 70 years]. Proteinuria was found in 12 HCV antibody-positive adults [4%], 1 of whom underwent biopsy. He was a 55-year-old man with a 4-month history of facial and lower extremities edema and 3-g proteinuria with a normal kidney function [glomerular filtration rate, 85 mL/min] and normocomplementemia. Kidney biopsy specimens showed MPGN. The frequency of low glomerular filtration rate was 0.7% [2 patients] in the HCV antibody-positive adults. There was no significant relationship between HCV seropositivity and low glomerular filtration rate. Our observations showed renal involvement in HCV antibody-positive patients. Among immune complex glomerular kidney diseases, MPGN without cryoglobulins is thought to be the most common in these patients

Humans , Male , Female , Hepacivirus/immunology , Antigens, Viral/immunology , Glomerulonephritis, Membranoproliferative , Immune Complex Diseases