Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Add filters

Year range
IJKD-Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases. 2011; 5 (2): 103-109
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-109874


Assessment of the hemodialysis adequacy is one of the key factors in evaluating health service system. This would provide a good background for effective future planning by healthcare authorities. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the hemodialysis adequacy in Iran. One hundred and twenty-seven hemodialysis centers affiliated to 30 medical universities in Iran participated in this cross-sectional multicenter national study. All demographic data as well as hemodialysis prescription data, including blood flow rate, length of the hemodialysis session, hemodialysis membrane type, and composition of the dialysis solution were recorded for each patient. In addition, urea reduction ratio and Kt/V were calculated to determine the hemodialysis adequacy. A total of 4004 patients were included in this study, 2345 men [58.6%] and 1659 women [41.4%]. Bicarbonate-based solutions and low-flux membranes were prescribed for 77.0% and 97.6% of the patients, respectively. The mean blood flow rate was 242.9 +/- 39.2 mL/min. The mean length of hemodialysis session was 229.2 +/- 22.2 minutes. The mean urea reduction ratio and Kt/V were calculated to be 61.0 +/- 11.8% and 1.2 +/- 0.4, respectively. A Kt/V less than 1.2 and a urea reduction ratio less than 65% were found in 56.7%, and 65.2% of the hemodialysis patients, respectively. This study showed a substantial inadequate hemodialysis in Iran as compared with the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative guidelines. Considering the impact of dialysis adequacy on quality of life and survival rates, as well as healthcare costs, rigorous attempts to achieve the desired goals are necessary

Humans , Male , Female , Hemodialysis Units, Hospital , Cross-Sectional Studies , Quality of Life
IJKD-Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases. 2010; 4 (1): 44-49
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-93075


Many factors have been proposed to be associated with higher mortality in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis [CAPD]. However, the relative importance of these factors may differ among patients with different characteristics. We evaluated survival of patients on CAPD and its influencing factors in Iran. We enrolled 282 patients on CAPD between 1996 and 2006 at 2 major CAPD centers in Tehran. Patient survival was investigated during this period. Demographic characteristics, laboratory data, dialysis adequacy parameters, residual renal function, peritoneal transport characteristics, and nutritional status were assessed as potential predictors of the outcome. The mean duration of follow-up was 18.4 +/- 14.5 months. Sixty patients [21%] died during the studied period. In univariate analysis, age, body mass index, history and duration of hemodialysis before CAPD, diabetes mellitus, blood pressure, patient selection criteria, edema, peritonitis, renal residual function, urine volume, dialysis adequacy, and serum levels of cholesterol, triglyceride, intact parathyroid hormone, calcium, and albumin were predictors of patient survival. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that old age, diabetes mellitus, prior hemodialysis longer than 7 months, low serum albumin, calcium, trigelyceride, and parathyroid hormone levels independently predicted mortality, while the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors was associated with a better survival. This study showed that older patients on CAPD and diabetics are at a higher risk of mortality. On the other hand, nutritional and metabolic factors are other predictors of mortality. Especial concern should be applied to good nutrition and treatment of comorbidities in these patients

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Aged , Prognosis , Risk Assessment , Survival Analysis , Age Factors , Diabetes Complications