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Asian Spine Journal ; : 465-470, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29565


Atlanto-occipital dislocation (AOD) is rarely seen in clinic because it is characteristically immediately fatal. With recent progress in the pre-hospital care, an increasing number of AOD survivors have been reported. However, because the pathophysiology of AOD is not clearly understood yet, the appropriate strategy for the initial management remains still unclear. We report a case of successful AOD treatment and describe important points in the management of this condition. It is important to note that abducens nerve palsy is a warning sign of AOD and that AOD can result in a life-threatening distortion of the arteries and the brain stem. We recommend the application of a halo vest to protect the patient's neural and vascular competence as the immediate initial step in the treatment of AOD. Horn's grading system is useful in assessing indications for surgery. Finally, when performing posterior fixation, C2 should be included because of the anatomy of the ligamentous architecture.

Humans , Abducens Nerve Diseases , Arteries , Atlanto-Occipital Joint , Brain Stem , Joint Dislocations , External Fixators , Internal Fixators , Ligaments , Mental Competency , Survivors
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374472


The initial case was a man in his 50s. He received 2 cans a day of ProSure<sup>®</sup>, while undergoing radiation and chemotherapy with carboplatin and docetaxel for adenocarcinoma in the lung. His body weight rose from 62.4 kg on admission to 63.7 kg before discharge, CRP decreased from 3.08 mg/dl to 0.48 mg/dl, and albumin fell from 3.6 g/dl to 3.5 g/dl. The second case was a man in his 60s. He was diagnosed as having squamous cell carcinoma in the lung and administered with 2 cans a day of ProSure<sup>®</sup> and antibiotics. One-and-a-half months later, he underwent chemotherapy with carboplatin and S-1 and radiation. His body weight stood at 47.0 kg on admission and 47.2 kg before discharge, CRP dropped from 15.45 mg/dl to 3.26 mg/dl, and albumin was retained at 2.6 g/dl to 2.7g/dl. The administration of ProSure<sup>®</sup> brought about improvements in the nutritional status and anti-inflammatory effects in the patients with chemotherapy.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-373880


  Our palliative care team intervened in a patient with sciatica resulting from metastasis to sacral bone after surgery for rectal cancer. Rapid pain control and a change in the route of rescue drug administration from the stoma were needed. Partial opioid rotation was performed. The dose of 25.2 mg in 72 hours in a transdermal fentanyl patch decreased to 16.8 mg in 72 hours, and the dose of 3.6mg in an hour by continuous intravenous injection of morphine was added. The change in the rescue root to intravenous administration by a patient-controlled analgesia pump gave the patient relief from his pain. He was able to attend his daughter's wedding. His family were all pleased with the relief provided. The advantages of this partial opioid rotation are summed up in the following three points: (1) The required time is relatively short; (2) It can be expedient for analgesia due to the addition of different opioids; and (3) The partial opioid rotation produces fewer adverse effects than a full opioid rotation. Adjustment of the amount of drugs for pain relief in cancer patients is important with the situations of the patient and the family taken into consideration fully.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362135


  The patient was a woman in her 80s, who was referred to the palliative care team in our hospital for pain due to bone metastases from lung cancer. Although gabapentin and ifenprodil tartrate were administrated in addition to opioids and loxoprofen sodium, and the dose of opioids was increased, pain was not relieved remarkably. A switch from gabapentin to pregabalin brought remarkable pain relief. Before the internal use of pregabalin, the patient was often seen lyiing in bed because of pain. However, by pregabalin, she began to walk, pushing her wheelchair and smile often. Her ability to perform the basic activities of daily living was improved. The switch from gabapentin to pregabalin was one effective option when an analgesic adjuvant for cancer pain was chosen.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362128


  One patient was intervened by our palliative care team (PCT) to relieve neuropathic pain due to postoperative recurrence of rectal cancer. The dosage controlled-release oxycodone was increased, analgesic adjuvant drugs were changed and the administration of betamethasone were started. Furthermore, the number of times the patient took controlled-release oxycodone increased two to three times a day. These changes in medication resulted in relief of symptoms. Cetuximab therapy was given twice during the course. The other patient was intervened by the PCT for right upper limb pain and dyspnea due to postoperative recurrence of breast cancer. Morphine sulfate hydrate and analgesic adjuvant were additionally given. As pain increased three days after the administeration of transdermal fentanyl patches, the patches were changed every other day, instead of every three days. FEC100 therapy was given twice during the course. In the present two cases, the PCT was intervened with great zeal and rapid relief of symptoms resulted. In the meantime chemotherapy proceeded uneventfully. We thought that trust of the chief doctor in the PCT was most important for effective intervention.