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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374583


Studies have shown that postoperative disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC) occurs in some patients with cardiac disease, acute aortic dissection, and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. The specific pathophysiology of DIC in these settings are related to low cardiac function, shock, infection and sepsis as well as activation of coagulation cascade in the aneurysm sac or dissected aorta. A soluble form of recombinant human thrombomodulin (rhsTM) was approved in 2008 for the treatment of DIC. This report describes the safety and efficacy of rhsTM for the treatment of DIC in patients with cardiovascular disease operated in our department. Between October 2010 and March 2012, 35 patients with postoperative DIC were treated with rhsTM. Diagnosis of DIC was based on the diagnostic criteria for DIC of the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine (JAAM). During the first 6 months of the study period, after a diagnosis of DIC was made, the patients were treated with gabexate mesilate and antithrombin III, and if patients showed no improvement with conventional treatment, they received rhsTM for 6 days. During the last 10 months of the study period, patients received rhsTM soon after a diagnosis of DIC was made. Twenty seven patients survived for 28 days after rhsTM treatment, and the mortality rate was 22.9% (8/35). Patients who survived showed improvement in acute phase DIC scores, FDP levels, D-Dimer, fibrinogen and platelet counts during rhsTM treatment, but no improvement was observed in patients who died. No serious adverse events were found up to 28 days after the start of rhsTM administration. In conclusion, this study showed no adverse events of rhsTM, and further studies are needed to confirm that rhsTM administration is an effective therapeutic modality in the management of DIC after cardiovascular surgery.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362985


A 52-year-old man suddenly felt severe back pain and numbness in the lower extremities. Enhanced CT revealed an acute Stanford type B dissection. The true lumen of the left common iliac artery was severely compressed by the thrombosed false lumen. We performed a femoro-femoral bypass and symptoms in the lower limbs disappeared. On day 4 of hospitalization, the patient suddenly presented with pain at rest and cyanosis in both lower extremities. CT revealed nearly total occlusion of the abdominal aorta due to severe compression of the false lumen. We performed emergency open graft replacement in the infrarenal aorta. Although ischemia in the lower extremities improved, the patient developed myonephropathic metabolic syndrome (MNMS) and received continuous hemodiafiltration to treat acute renal insufficiency. The patient's ankle-branchial pressure index improved and he was weaned from continuous hemodiafiltration. The patient had no paralysis and was able to walk unassisted, so he was discharged on day 34 of hospitalization. In the event of acute aortic dissection and organ ischemia, emergency open graft replacement may be required and must be performed promptly as a lifesaving measure.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362093


A 47-year-old man underwent a double-valve replacement involving aortic valve replacement (AVR) and mitral valve replacement (MVR) and Re-Re-DVR 6 and 8 months, respectively, after an initial DVR because of suspected prosthetic valve endocarditis. Detachment of the prosthetic mitral valve occurred during the early postoperative period, for which the patient again underwent treatment 15 and 21 months after the initial surgery. The operative findings showed that the detachment was caused by a wide cleavage of the aortic-mitral continuity. There were bacteria detected on a blood culture, and his C-reactive protein (CRP) level did not reduce at any time. On the basis of these findings, we suspected nonrheumatic inflammatory disease and started steroid therapy. His CRP level became negative, and further prosthetic mitral valve detachment did not recur.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367273


A 50-year-old man who had coronary artery bypass grafting (LITA-LAD, RA-RCA, SVG-OM-PL) 6 years previously was admitted with acute dissection of the aorta (DeBakey type I). Preoperative computed tomography showed that all coronary bypass grafts were patent. We replaced the graft of the ascending aorta and reconstructed the coronary artery bypass by re-sternotomy, circulatory arrest (rectal temperature: 23.6°C), retrograde cerebral perfusion, and intermittent retrograde cardioplegia. Because a radial artery (RA) graft and a saphenous vein graft (SVG) each had intact orifices, we detached them together and attached the grafts back to the aortic graft wall. He was weaned successfully from cardiopulmonary bypass without difficulty and postoperative transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) showed good left ventricle (LV) function. Postoperative multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) showed that the RA graft and SVG were patent. By performing circulatory arrest and intermittent retrograde cardioplegia, we successfully protected the myocardial function of a patient with acute aorta dissection after a CABG and we reconstructed the graft without needing further coronary anastomosis.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366966


Aneurysms of the inferior left ventricular wall comprise only a small fraction of all aneurysms that have been reported in surgical series. Pseudo-false ventricular aneurysm is very rare and communicates with the left ventricule through a small orifice, and its wall contains myocardial tissue, unlike false ventricular aneurysm. A 53-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with chest pain. Echocardiography revealed left ventricular aneurysm, and the coronary arteriography subsequently revealed a complete occlusion of right coronary #2 and 75% and 90% stenosis of left anterior descending artery #7 and #8, respectively. Left ventriculography revealed an aneurysm of the inferior left ventricular wall, which communicated with the left ventricle through a small orifice and exhibited contraction. Surgical repair was indicated. Endoventricular circular patch repair (Dor operation) of the aneurysm of the inferior left ventricular wall and coronary artery bypass grafting to the left anterior descending artery and the right coronary artery were simultaneously performed under cardiopulmonary bypass with moderate hypothermia. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on the 22th day after surgery. Pseudo-false ventricular aneurysm of the inferior left ventricular wall was diagnosed by pathologic examination.