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1.
Gut and Liver ; : 674-683, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175162

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Noninvasive liver fibrosis evaluation was performed in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We used a quantitative method based on the hepatic volume acquired from gadoxetate disodium-enhanced (Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosing advanced fibrosis in patients with NAFLD. METHODS: A total of 130 patients who were diagnosed with NAFLD and underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI were retrospectively included. Histological data were available for 118 patients. Hepatic volumetric parameters, including the left hepatic lobe to right hepatic lobe volume ratio (L/R ratio), were measured. The usefulness of the L/R ratio for diagnosing fibrosis ≥F3–4 and F4 was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve. Multiple regression analysis was performed to identify variables (age, body mass index, serum fibrosis markers, and histological features) that were associated with the L/R ratio. RESULTS: The L/R ratio demonstrated good performance in differentiating advanced fibrosis (AUROC, 0.80; 95% confidence interval, 0.72 to 0.88) from cirrhosis (AUROC, 0.87; 95% confidence interval, 0.75 to 0.99). Multiple regression analysis showed that only fibrosis was significantly associated with the L/R ratio (coefficient, 0.121; p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The L/R ratio, which is not influenced by pathological parameters other than fibrosis, is useful for diagnosing cirrhosis in patients with NAFLD.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Fibrosis , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve
2.
Gut and Liver ; : 437-445, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155138

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is important to determine the noninvasive parameters of histological features in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this study was to investigate the value of genetic variations as surrogate markers of histological features. METHODS: The parameters that affected the histological features of NAFLD were investigated in 211 Japanese patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. The relationships between genetic variations in PNPLA3 rs738409 or TM6SF2 rs58542926 and histological features were analyzed. Furthermore, the impact of genetic variations that affected the pathological criteria for the diagnosis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) (Matteoni classification and NAFLD activity score) was evaluated. RESULTS: The fibrosis stage of PNPLA3 GG was significantly more progressive than that of CG by multiple comparisons. Multivariate analysis identified PNPLA3 genotypes as predictors of fibrosis of stage 2 or more, but the impact tended to decrease at stage 3 or greater. There were no significant differences among the histological features of the three genotypes of TM6SF2. PNPLA3 genotypes partly affected the definition of NASH by the NAFLD activity score, but TM6SF2 genotypes did not affect the definition of NASH. CONCLUSIONS: In Japanese patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD, PNPLA3 genotypes may partly affect histological features, including stage of fibrosis, but the TM6SF2 genotype does not affect histological features.


Subject(s)
Asians , Biomarkers , Classification , Diagnosis , Fatty Liver , Fibrosis , Genetic Variation , Genotype , Humans , Japan , Multivariate Analysis
3.
Gut and Liver ; : 246-251, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177976

ABSTRACT

Miriplatin is a novel lipophilic platinum complex that was developed to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Although HCC patients frequently have coexisting chronic renal failure, little prospective data are available regarding the clinical toxicity of chemotherapeutic agents used to treat HCC patients with chronic renal failure. In a phase II study, the plasma concentration of total platinum in patients who received miriplatin was very low, and no severe renal toxicity caused by miriplatin injection was reported. Here, we present three cases of HCC with stage 4 chronic renal failure who received transcatheter arterial chemotherapy with miriplatin. All cases were male, ages 72, 84, and 83 years, and had serum creatinine levels of 2.3, 1.6, and 1.9 mg/dL, respectively. Their estimated glomerular filtration rates were 21.9, 20.3, and 22.2 mL/min, respectively. All cases were treated for unresectable HCC with transcatheter arterial chemotherapy with miriplatin. No serious adverse events were observed, and serum creatinine levels did not elevate, even in the patient who experienced renal failure caused by cisplatin administration. These results might suggest that transcatheter arterial chemotherapy with miriplatin can be safely used in HCC patients with chronic renal failure.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cisplatin , Creatinine , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Male , Organoplatinum Compounds , Plasma , Platinum , Renal Insufficiency
4.
Gut and Liver ; : 576-584, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103738

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the pharmacodynamics of cisplatin following three different treatment procedures for intrahepatic arterial infusion therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We divided 13 HCC patients into the following three groups: group A, lone injection of cisplatin (n=3); group B, combined injection of cisplatin and lipiodol, with embolization using small gelatin cubes (GCs) (n=5); and group C, injection of suspended lipiodol with cisplatin powder, with embolization using small GCs (n=5). In each group, the free cisplatin concentration in the hepatic vein was measured at 0, 5, 10, and 30 minutes. RESULTS: The mean free cisplatin concentrations were as follows. For group A, the mean was 48.58 microg/mL at 0 minute, 7.31 microg/mL at 5 minutes, 5.70 microg/mL at 10 minutes, and 7.15 microg/mL at 30 minutes. For the same time points, for group B, the concentrations were 8.66, 4.23, 3.22, and 1.65 microg/mL, respectively, and for group C, the concentrations were 4.81, 2.61, 2.52, and 1.75 microg/mL, respectively. The mean area under the curve (AUC)0-infinity for the free cisplatin concentration was 7.80 in group A, 2.48 in group B, and 2.27 in group C. The AUC0-infinity for the free cisplatin concentration gradually decreased, from group A to group C. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that the combination of lipiodol and small GCs may be useful for delaying cisplatin drainage from the liver.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cisplatin , Drainage , Drug Delivery Systems , Ethiodized Oil , Gelatin , Hepatic Veins , Humans , Liver , Pilot Projects
5.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366891

ABSTRACT

A 52-year-old man presented with a pulsatile mass in the right groin. He had undergone lumbar sympathectomy and aorto-right femoral artery bypass using an 8mm Microvel double velour graft, 14 years previously, for aortoiliac occlusive disease caused by thromboangiitis obliterans. Based on a clinical diagnosis of an anastomotic aneurysm, an operation was performed. When the aneurysm was incised, it was found that the anastomosis of the graft to the femoral artery was intact and that the graft itself had a defect, 3cm in size on the anterior wall, 1.5cm proximal to the distal anastomosis. The final diagnosis was a nonanastomotic false aneurysm due to prosthetic graft failure. The failed portion of the graft was resected, and a 10mm Hemashield Gold woven double velour graft was interposed between the old graft and the right femoral artery. Generally, arterial grafts below the groin are subject to high levels of mechanical stress, and graft failure is not uncommon. Vascular surgeons should keep in mind that graft failure is not rare in patients with long-standing prosthetic grafts.

6.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366808

ABSTRACT

Celiac artery aneurysm (CAA) is very rare. We report a case of CAA with type IIIb aortic dissection (DA) which was treated surgically. A 60-year-old man who had an abnormal enlargement of the aorta on abdominal ultrasonography was admitted to our hospital. Angiography and CT scan revealed CAA with type IIIb DA. His general condition was stable and surgery was performed electively. The CAA was exposed through a median laparotomy. It was found to be about 3cm in diameter. As vascular reconstruction seemed difficult and the proper hepatic artery showed good pulsation after clamping the common hepatic artery, we decided to perform celiac artery aneurysmectomy without vascular reconstruction. Except for transient liver dysfunction, there was no other complication and he was discharged on the 24th postoperative day. During surgery for CAA, when collateral perfusion from the SMA to the liver is adequate, it seems that vascular reconstruction is not always necessary as shown by this case.

7.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366715

ABSTRACT

An emergency saphenous vein bypass was performed from the right internal iliac artery to the superior mesenteric artery for ischemia due to occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery complicated with acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection. A 68-year-old woman underwent ascending aortic graft replacement for acute aortic dissection as emergency procedure. On postoperative day 4, signs and symptoms of acute mesenteric ischemia clearly developed. Laparotomy was performed and the saphenous vein graft was used to bypass the right internal iliac artery and the superior mesenteric artery at the orifice of the ileocolic artery where it was free from dissection. Because of persistent diarrhea and cramping abdominal pain, second- and third-look operations were necessary in order to confirm the recovery of intestinal viability. The patient was discharged from hospital with complete relief of abdominal symptoms 110 days after the first operation.

8.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366700

ABSTRACT

A 57-year-old man suffered hemoptysis during an examination for gastric carcinoma. Enhanced computed tomography demonstrated rupture of a thoracic aortic aneurysm to the left pulmonary lower lobe. The lateral segment of the liver was atrophic due to intrahepatic cholelithiasis. Emergency operation was performed after he was transferred to our hospital. The thoracic aorta was reconstructed using a temporary bypass and the pulmonary left lower lobe was resected. The omentum was mobilized and used to cover the prosthesis and bronchial stump. The gastric carcinoma and intrahepatic cholelithiasis with biliary stones in the common bile duct were treated in the next procedure. The pathologic examination revealed lymph node metastasis; thus this operation was recognized to be absolutely noncurative. The treatment of cardiovascular disease concomitant with malignancy remains controversial. The strategy to treat such patients is discussed in this report.

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