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Palliative Care Research ; : 538-542, 2016.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-378470


<p>Objective: We describe a case of lung cancer complicated with esophageal achalasia (EA), which was successfully treated with endoscopic pneumatic dilation (EPD). Case: A 66-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of frequent episodes of emesis and dysphagia after receiving an escalating dose of sustained release oxycodone (SRO) for cancer-related multifactorial back pain. She had been diagnosed with EA and treated with EPD at the age of 50. Her symptoms were refractory to the conventional anti-emetic agents such as prochlorperazine and metoclopramide. Computed tomography imaging showed marked dilatation of the esophagus with food residue. We diagnosed EA based on the presence of rosette-like esophageal folds on endoscopy and narrowing of the esophagogastric junction on esophagography, and subsequently performed EPD, which alleviated the symptoms. Discussion: The effects of opioids on esophageal motility have not been elucidated thus far. Recent studies using high-resolution manometry reported that long-term use of opioids was associated with esophageal dysmotility similar to that observed in EA. Although we have no evidence to directly demonstrate the causal relationship between the use of SRO and anti-emetic agents and EA, we speculate that our patient’s symptoms might be associated not only with SRO-related emesis during the gradual worsening of EA, but also partly with the SRO-induced esophageal dysmotility and the constrictive effect of dopamine D<sub>2</sub> receptor antagonists on the lower esophageal sphincter. Care must be taken to avoid drug-induced esophageal motor dysfunction, which might lead to deteriorate EA. </p>

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-377041


  Objective: To elucidate the appearance of skin moisturization (cold and clammy skin) indying period and related factors. Methods: Patients were observed prospectively with skin moisturization using the clinical pathway for end-of-life care (Liverpool Care Pathway Japanese version [LCP]) by nurses in the palliative care unit. Results: Of 213 patients placed on LCP, 48 (22.5%) indicated skin moisturization, which was observed mostly in summer and in the morning. It appeared 45.8 hours before death on the average. By multivariate analysis, the administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) was an independent related factor. Conclusions: Compared to our previous retrospective study, the appearance of skin moisturization was higher in frequency and earlier in the dying period, and the administration of NSAIDs was an independent related factor.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375743


  Purpose: To elucidate the degree of self-conctribution of each member of a palliative care team and the palliative effect patients. Patients and Methods:The degree of self-contribution to intervened patients and the degree of improvements in the symptoms items listed in a Japanese version of the Support Team Assessment Schedule (STAS-J) were examined prospectively. Results: The degree of self-contribution was often higher in doctors, nurses, clinical psychotherapists and pharmacists, and lower in nutritionists. It was related to age, gender, site of primary disease and the duration of intervention. The symptom items which showed improvement were such items as pain, nausea, vomiting, appetite loss and insomnia, but delirium and depression worsened. The degree of self-contribution and the degree of improvement in symptom were correlated in seven items in the case of pharmacists but only in one in the case of other professionals. Discussion: The degree of self-conribution varied and was not always high even after the intervention of the care team. It was considered that the fact that the number of related items was larger in pharmacists than in any other professionals was probably because the pharmacists could assess the symptoms and propose drugs from an objective point of view, although character might be mostly involved. Conslusion: It is to be hoped that every one engaged in palliative care will do what is one’s forte and apply each one’s individuality properly in the future.