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1.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822052

ABSTRACT

Aortic dissection presents with acute chest or back pain. However, it can be asymptomatic in the acute phase with delayed symptomatic presentation or incidental diagnosis upon chest imaging. We report a case of acute type B aortic dissection subsequent to chronic type A aortic dissection which was difficult to distinguish from acute type A aortic dissection. A 45-year-old man was admitted to a hospital with sudden back pain. An enhanced chest CT revealed a suspected acute type A aortic dissection. The patient was transferred to our hospital and we performed an emergent total arch replacement. Intraoperative findings showed that there were two entries at the origin of the brachiocephalic artery and the left subclavian artery. The ascending aorta presented wall thickening but the descending aorta did not present wall thickening. Histopathologically, the adventitia was obviously thickened with dissection findings in the tunica media. Thus it was diagnosed as acute type B aortic dissection subsequent to chronic type A aortic dissection. Great caution should be taken in asymptomatic chronic aortic dissection.

2.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837415

ABSTRACT

Entrapment of an intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) catheter is an infrequent but serious complication associated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We report a case of successful surgical treatment of an IVUS catheter entrapped in a coronary stent after PCI. An-80-year-old man was admitted to a hospital with sudden anterior chest pain. He underwent PCI to left circumflex branch (Cx) and left anterior descending artery (LAD), followed by IVUS to ascertain stent expansion of the LAD stent. The IVUS catheter became entangled in the stent and could not be withdrawn from the outside. The patient was transferred to our hospital for its surgical removal. For the emergent surgery, we opened the stent region in the LAD and directly removed the IVUS catheter with the twisted stent. The opened place in the LAD was directly closed. Additional coronary bypass grafting involving two vessels was performed. The postoperative course was uneventful with no graft occlusion.

3.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366919

ABSTRACT

Between October, 1992 and April, 2002, 40 patients underwent thoracic aorta surgery using antegrade selective cerebral perfusion. There were 29 men and 11 women, with a mean age of 67.2±8.1 years (range 45 to 79 years). Twenty-one patients were emergency (emergency group), and 19 were elective procedures (elective group). We compared preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative factors between the emergency group and elective group. In the emergency group, 15 patients underwent an ascending aortic replacement, 5 patients underwent a total arch replacement, 1 patient underwent a partial arch replacement. In the elective group, 2 patients underwent an ascending aortic replacement, 17 patients underwent a total arch replacement. Hospital mortality occurred in 5 patients in the emergency group (23.8%) and 1 in the elective group (5.2%). A permanent neurologic defect occurred in 1 patient in the emergency group (4.7%) and 1 in the elective group (5.2%). The results of surgical treatment of aortic surgery using antegrade selective cerebral perfusion were satisfactory.

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