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1.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825983

ABSTRACT

A 36-year-old man underwent direct closure of an atrial septal defect through median sternotomy at the age of 14. He also underwent a mitral valve replacement with tricuspid annuloplasty using the same approach at the age of 18. The patient also presented with pretibial edema and congestive liver disease at the age of 27 and the pretibial edema progressed at the age of 35. Hypoalbuminemia (TP ; 3.6 g/dl, Alb ; 1.6 g/dl) was also observed. Further examinations were performed, which revealed that the right ventricular pressure curve presented a dip and plateau pattern by cardiac catheterization. Computed tomography of the chest additionally revealed thickened and calcified pericardium in the left ventricle. Abdominal scintigraphy showed tracer accumulation in the transverse colon hepatic flexure 4 h after intravenous administration of technetium-99m-labelled human serum albumin. The patient was diagnosed with a protein-losing gastroenteropathy caused by constrictive pericarditis. He underwent pericardiectomy via left anterior thoracotomy without cardiopulmonary bypass. No complications were present after the surgery, and he was discharged after 46 postoperative days. Following his discharge from the hospital, the pretibial edema disappeared, and serum albumin levels gradually increased and normalized within 3 months after the surgery (TP 7.1 g/dl, Alb 4.2 g/dl).

2.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825919

ABSTRACT

A 37-year-old male patient who had previously undergone left original Blalock-Taussig shunt, original Glenn shunt, left pulmonary artery patch plasty, and a Björk procedure was referred to our hospital due to protein-losing enteropathy. Because he suffered from severe low-cardiac output syndrome immediately after the Björk procedure, mechanical circulatory support and construction of the bypass between the right atrial appendage and the innominate vein using an artificial graft were required. We performed a Fontan-revision operation : total cavopulmonary connection with extra-cardiac conduit, right atrial ablation, pacemaker lead implantation, construction of fenestration between the conduit and the atrium, and reconstruction of the left pulmonary artery in front of the ascending aorta successfully. His postoperative course was uneventful and protein-losing enteropathy had not recurred 3 years after the operation.

3.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-378395

ABSTRACT

<p>A 55-year old man was admitted to our hospital owing to endograft collapse after TEVAR. He had undergone total arch replacement for acute aortic type A dissection at age 39, and undergone thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for chronic aortic type B dissection at age 54. TEVAR was successfully performed and the false lumen was shrunk. However, one year after TEVAR, computed tomography showed endograft collapse. Technical success was not achieved by the balloon technique to treat endograft collapse, so we performed additional TEVAR. After this procedure, endograft collapse was repaired. The postoperative course was uneventful.</p>

4.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375641

ABSTRACT

We report a rare case of double outlet right ventricle (DORV) with sub-pulmonary type ventricular septal defect (VSD). The great arteries were almost side-by-side, and the ascending aorta was located slightly posterior to the right of the pulmonary artery. We performed complete repair at the age of 25 days. Intra-cardiac rerouting (VSD closure) was carried out through the tricuspid valve. Arterial switch procedure was performed without the Lecompte maneuver. His postoperative course was uneventful and he was discharged 19 days after the operation without any complications.

5.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375915

ABSTRACT

We performed bilateral pulmonary artery banding (BPAB) through a median sternotomy on a four-day-old male infant with a double-outlet right ventricle (DORV) and interrupted aortic arch (IAA) who was delivered at 40 weeks of gestation. After urinary output improved, definitive repair was carried out 5 days later. Intra-ventricular rerouting was followed by arterial switch with the Lecompte maneuver. The aortic arch was reconstructed with direct anastomosis and the right ventricular outflow tract was augmented with a patch. The sternum was left open at the end of the procedure and the chest was closed on post-operative day (POD) 4. The patient was discharged from hospital on POD 78 after receiving treatment for pneumonia and chylothorax.

6.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374618

ABSTRACT

A baby girl delivered at 41 weeks of gestation with persistent truncus arteriosus (PTA) and interrupted aortic arch (IAA) type A was referred to our institute for surgical intervention. Bilateral pulmonary artery banding (BPAB) proceeded through a median sternotomy at the age of 11 days to control excessive pulmonary blood flow. Thereafter, she gained weight under continuous prostaglandin E1 (PGE 1) infusion. Definitive repair proceeded at the age of 2 months. Cardiopulmonary bypass was established through a redo-median sternotomy, with two arterial cannulae (brachiocephalic artery and descending aorta). The aortic arch was reconstructed with direct anastomosis. The orifice of the pulmonary artery was removed from the arterial trunk and the defect in the aortic wall was directly closed. A ventricular septal defect was closed under cardioplegic arrest via a right ventriculotomy. The continuity from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery was made using a hand-made, extended polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) conduit with a bicusp. The sternum was left open at the end of the procedure and the chest was closed on post-operative day (POD) 3. She was weaned from mechanical ventilation on POD 4 and the postoperative course was uneventful. She was discharged on POD 49.

7.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374589

ABSTRACT

A 4-year-old boy was born with cyanosis and was given a diagnosis of tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia. Echocardiography showed membranous atresia of the pulmonary trunk that was connected to the left side of the ascending aorta via an aortopulmonary window 3 mm in diameter. Four major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs) were detected by cardiac catheterization and computed tomography angiography prior to undergoing surgery at 4 years of age. We performed one-stage complete unifocalization and definitive repair via a median sternotomy. The MAPCA supplying the left lower lobe was anastomosed to the true left pulmonary artery and the pulmonary artery trunk was augmented with an autologous pericardium patch. We then reconstructed the right ventricular outflow tract using a transannular patch and simultaneously patch-closed the VSD. The right/left ventricle pressure ratio after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass was 0.8. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged 26 days later. Seven months after the procedure, the right/left ventricle pressure ratio was decreased to 0.56 on cardiac catheterization.

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