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1.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886224

ABSTRACT

Few reports have described assessment methods or exercise interventions in detail for patients isolated with COVID-19. Here, we report our experience of providing physical therapy to these patients based on motor assessment with consideration of infection control. This study involved 4 patients with COVID-19 who needed physical therapy due to a fall or frailty during isolation. The assessment method used was intended to minimize physical contact, to be easily performed, and to reflect muscle strength and balance. Based on the assessment, we created exercise programs and provided exercise intervention to the patients in cooperation with nurses. One patient was discharged early; the other 3 patients showed improved motor function and activities of daily living as a result of the intervention in the acute ward. However, they needed ongoing rehabilitation in the rehabilitation ward. No physical therapists showed signs of COVID-19 infection. Performing motor assessments and providing exercise intervention to these patients isolated with COVID-19 contributed to motor improvement and enabled us to promptly determine whether they needed ongoing rehabilitation.

2.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375641

ABSTRACT

We report a rare case of double outlet right ventricle (DORV) with sub-pulmonary type ventricular septal defect (VSD). The great arteries were almost side-by-side, and the ascending aorta was located slightly posterior to the right of the pulmonary artery. We performed complete repair at the age of 25 days. Intra-cardiac rerouting (VSD closure) was carried out through the tricuspid valve. Arterial switch procedure was performed without the Lecompte maneuver. His postoperative course was uneventful and he was discharged 19 days after the operation without any complications.

3.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-377047

ABSTRACT

  [Purpose] We introduced subcutaneous suture with a synthetic absorption thread and examined its efficacy on surgical site infection after pancreaticduodenectomy (PD). [Method] In hour hospitals, PD was performed in a total of 69 cases from March 2006 through March 2014. They was divided into two groups-one consisting of 31 cases in which the skin wounds with staplers (non-subcutaneous suture group), and the other consisting of 38 cases in which surgical wounds were closed with subcutaneous sutures (subcutaneous suture group), and the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) were compared between the two groups. [Result] Incidence of surface SSI occurred in eight cases (21.0%) in the non- subcutaneous suture group and three cases (9.7%) in the subcutaneous suture group (p=0.17). The incidence of SSI was decreased in the subcutaneous suture group than in the non-subcutaneous suture group, but no statistically significant difference was observed between the two groups. However, taking into account the advantages such as the reduction of patient’s medical expenses, and the burden of ward duties, further examination with an additional number of patients was thought to be necessary.

4.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375915

ABSTRACT

We performed bilateral pulmonary artery banding (BPAB) through a median sternotomy on a four-day-old male infant with a double-outlet right ventricle (DORV) and interrupted aortic arch (IAA) who was delivered at 40 weeks of gestation. After urinary output improved, definitive repair was carried out 5 days later. Intra-ventricular rerouting was followed by arterial switch with the Lecompte maneuver. The aortic arch was reconstructed with direct anastomosis and the right ventricular outflow tract was augmented with a patch. The sternum was left open at the end of the procedure and the chest was closed on post-operative day (POD) 4. The patient was discharged from hospital on POD 78 after receiving treatment for pneumonia and chylothorax.

5.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375314

ABSTRACT

<b>Introduction</b> : As one of the strategies for the introduction of collaborative drug therapy management (CDTM) into a community healthcare system in Japan, we constructed a ‘positive list’ which was agreed by a family physician in advance, and subsequently validated the effects on healthcare insurance fees, the number of prescription question and the changes of utilization rate for generic drugs.<br><b>Methods</b> : The items that replaced prescription questions with regard to ex post facto approval were defined as ‘Resolved Questions’ in our constructed positive list. By adopting the ‘Resolved Questions’, we then examined the effect on healthcare insurance fees, prescription questions and the changes of utilization rates for generic drugs.<br><b>Results</b> : Among all prescription questions accepted from January through May 2012 inclusive, 178 (22.7%) were ‘Resolved Questions’, without there being change in the therapeutic strategies by the prescribing physicians. During this period, 17,455 healthcare insurance fees were reduced. In addition, the utilization rate for generic drugs were increased up to 46.6%.<br><b>Conclusion</b> : The reduction of healthcare insurance fees, prescription questions and the increased utilization rates of generic drugs were facilitated by prudent pharmacist judgements based on ‘Resolved Questions’.

6.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374618

ABSTRACT

A baby girl delivered at 41 weeks of gestation with persistent truncus arteriosus (PTA) and interrupted aortic arch (IAA) type A was referred to our institute for surgical intervention. Bilateral pulmonary artery banding (BPAB) proceeded through a median sternotomy at the age of 11 days to control excessive pulmonary blood flow. Thereafter, she gained weight under continuous prostaglandin E1 (PGE 1) infusion. Definitive repair proceeded at the age of 2 months. Cardiopulmonary bypass was established through a redo-median sternotomy, with two arterial cannulae (brachiocephalic artery and descending aorta). The aortic arch was reconstructed with direct anastomosis. The orifice of the pulmonary artery was removed from the arterial trunk and the defect in the aortic wall was directly closed. A ventricular septal defect was closed under cardioplegic arrest via a right ventriculotomy. The continuity from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery was made using a hand-made, extended polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) conduit with a bicusp. The sternum was left open at the end of the procedure and the chest was closed on post-operative day (POD) 3. She was weaned from mechanical ventilation on POD 4 and the postoperative course was uneventful. She was discharged on POD 49.

7.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374589

ABSTRACT

A 4-year-old boy was born with cyanosis and was given a diagnosis of tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia. Echocardiography showed membranous atresia of the pulmonary trunk that was connected to the left side of the ascending aorta via an aortopulmonary window 3 mm in diameter. Four major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs) were detected by cardiac catheterization and computed tomography angiography prior to undergoing surgery at 4 years of age. We performed one-stage complete unifocalization and definitive repair via a median sternotomy. The MAPCA supplying the left lower lobe was anastomosed to the true left pulmonary artery and the pulmonary artery trunk was augmented with an autologous pericardium patch. We then reconstructed the right ventricular outflow tract using a transannular patch and simultaneously patch-closed the VSD. The right/left ventricle pressure ratio after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass was 0.8. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged 26 days later. Seven months after the procedure, the right/left ventricle pressure ratio was decreased to 0.56 on cardiac catheterization.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174906

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the basic characteristics of degradable gelatin microspheres (GMSs), including their embolic behavior and degradation periods when they are used as embolic materials in the renal arteries of rabbit models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on the GMS particle size, 24 kidneys were divided into 3 groups of eight kidneys, and each group was embolized with a different GMS particle size (group 1: 35-100 micrometer, group 2: 100-200 micrometer, and group 3: 200-300 micrometer). From each group, two rabbits were sacrificed immediately after embolization (day 0), and a pair of rabbits from each group underwent an angiogram and were sacrificed on days 3, 7, and 14, respectively, after embolization. The level of arterial occlusion, the pathological changes in the renal parenchyma, and the degradation of the GMSs were evaluated angiographically and histologically. RESULTS: A follow-up angiogram on days 0, 3, 7, and 14 revealed the presence of wedge-shaped poorly-enhanced areas in the parenchymal phase as seen in all groups. The size of these areas tended to increase with the particle diameter, and persisted up to day 14. On days 3, 7, and 14, parenchymal infarctions were observed histologically in all cases, and this observation corresponded with the parenchyma being supplied by the embolized arteries. GMSs of group 1 mainly reached the interlobular arteries, while those of group 3 mainly reached the interlobar arteries. In all but two cases, the GMSs were identified histologically even on day 14, and sequential degradation was histologically identified in all GMS groups. CONCLUSION: GMSs can be used as degradable embolic materials which can control the level of embolization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rabbits , Biocompatible Materials , Disease Models, Animal , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Gelatin , Kidney/blood supply , Microspheres , Particle Size , Renal Artery/drug effects , Renal Artery Obstruction/chemically induced , Severity of Illness Index , Time Factors
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-205021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We wanted to clarify the relationship between the visibility of air cysts on CT images, the CT slice thickness and the size of the air cysts, with contact radiographs as the gold standard, for the accurate evaluation of honeycomb cysts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An inflated and fixed autopsied lung having idiopathic interstitial pneumonia was evaluated. The corresponding air cysts were identified on the contact radiographs of a 0.5 mm-thick-section specimen and also on the CT images of three different kinds of section thickness: 0.5, 1.0 and 2.5 mm. The maximal diameters of the air cysts were measured under a stereomicroscope. RESULTS: A total of 341 air cysts were identified on the contact radiograph, and they were then evaluated. Sixty-six percent of air cysts 1 to 2 mm in diameter were detected by 0.5 mm slice thickness CT, while only 34% and 8% were detected by 1.0 and 2.5 mm slice thickness CT, respectively. Only 28% and 22% of air cysts less than 1 mm in diameter were detected by 0.5 and 1.0 mm slice thickness CT, respectively. CT with a 2.5 mm slice thickness could not demonstrate air cysts less than 1 mm in diameter. CONCLUSION: The CT detection rate of honeycombing is significantly influenced both by the slice thickness and the size of the air cysts.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Cadaver , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Lung Diseases/pathology , Tissue Fixation/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366252

ABSTRACT

Transcatheter embolization of 25 aortopulmonary collateral arteries (7 bronchial arteries and 18 intercostal arteries) was attempted prior to intracardiac repair in 7 patients. The underlying disease was tetralogy of Fallot in 3 patients, pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect in 2, double-outlet right ventricle with ventricular septal defect and pulmonary stenosis in 1 and tricuspid stenosis with pulmonary atresia in 1. The intervals between embolization and intracardiac repair ranged from 0 to 17 days (mean 4.5 days). Embolization resulted in total occlusion in 7 bronchial arteries and 17 intercostal arteries, with an overall success rate of 96%. Complications included a coil dislodgement from a collateral artery into the aorta in one patient, necessitating surgical removal of the dislodged coil from the femoral artery, an exacerbation of cyanosis and dyspnea on exercise in 5, and slight fever in 2. In one patient with tetralogy of Fallot, who had 5 collateral vessels, transcatheter embolization caused hypoxemia, bradycardia and hypotension and therefore intracardiac repair was performed immediately after embolization. Aortopulmonary collateral arteries in patients with congenital heart disease can be effectively treated by transcatheter embolization. Embolization should be performed just before intracardiac repair because an excessive decrease in arterial oxygen saturation after embolization may require an emergency operation.

11.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366023

ABSTRACT

Thirty-four patients with congenital cardiac disease were studied to evaluated the role of ultrafiltration after cardiopulmonary bypass without homologous blood transfusion. We used either polypropylene microporous hollow fiber hemoconcentrator (HC-30M or 100M) or polyacrylonitrile microporous hollow fiber hemoconcentrator (PHC-500). Ultrafiltration was useful in the reduction of fluid overloading after cardiopulmonary bypass with extreme hemodilution. Thirty-two patients tolerated the procedure uneventfully without donor blood transfusion and were discharged from the hospital. The values of hematocrit, serum protein and free hemoglobin increased significantly after ultrafiltration with either type of hemoconcentrator. However the degree of concentration of blood components was significantly higher with polyacrylonitrile hemoconcentrator than those with polypropylene hemoconcentrator. These results indicated that ultrafiltration was useful for maintaining water balance after cardiopulmonary bypass without homologous blood transfusion in pediatric cardiac surgery and that polyacrylonitrile microporous hollow fiber hemoconcentrator should be employed in patients with shorter bypass time and less hemolysis.

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