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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-162195


BACKGROUND: Predictive factors for the efficacy of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors for lowering glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) remain unclear in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study is therefore to clarify predictive factors of the efficacy of DPP-4 inhibitors for lowering HbA1c after 12 months of treatment. METHODS: A total of 191 consecutive type 2 diabetic patients (male sex 55%, mean age, 68.3+/-35.8 years), who had been treated with DPP-4 inhibitors for 12 months, were enrolled in this study and evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: After 12 months of DPP-4 inhibitor treatment, random blood glucose level, and HbA1c level, decreased from 167+/-63 to 151+/-49 mg/dL (P<0.01), and from 7.5%+/-1.3% to 6.9%+/-0.9% (P<0.01) respectively, without severe side effects. Multiple regression analysis showed that predictors of DPP-4 inhibitor treatment efficacy in lowering HbA1c level after 12 months were a decrease in HbA1c level after 3 months of treatment, a high baseline HbA1c level, a low baseline body mass index, and the absence of coronary artery disease. CONCLUSION: Most suitable candidates for treatment with DPP-4 inhibitors are diabetics who are not obese and do not have coronary artery disease. In addition, long-term efficacy of DPP-4 inhibitors can be predicted by decrement of HbA1c after 3 months of treatment.

Blood Glucose , Body Mass Index , Coronary Artery Disease , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors , Glycated Hemoglobin , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361969


A 48-year-old man with Buerger disease and intractable finger ulcers underwent successful transplantation of autologous peripheral blood-derived mononuclear cells pretreated with erythropoietin and blood donation to activate bone marrow function. Clinical symptoms on his finger ulcers improved significantly within 1 month after mononuclear cell transplantation, however, one of the intractable ulcers reappeared 2 months later. In total three transplantations were performed. Every cell transplantation revealed similar effectiveness 1 month later, and the interval of the subsequent disappearance of finger ulcers ranged from 3–6 months. There were no adverse effects based on this new therapy. These findings suggest that autologous peripheral mononuclear cell transplantation pretreated with erythropoietin and blood donation might be a non-invasive and safe alternatives for patients with Buerger disease and intractable finger ulcers.