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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366924


In cases of stent-grafting for ruptured aneurysm, endoleak is a serious problem. We report 2 cases of ruptured aneurysms that were treated with endovascular stent-graft placement. Case 1: A 79-year-old woman had a ruptured thoracic aortic aneurysm that was treated with endovascular stent-grafting from the distal arch to the descending aorta. Although her infra-operative course was uneventful, she died suddenly the day after operation. Autopsy revealed re-rupture of the aneurysm due to endoleak from the proximal site. Case 2: An 84-year-old woman was treated with endovascular stent-grafting for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. The stent-graft was inserted from the infra-renal abdominal aorta to the right common iliac artery with femoro-femoral crossover bypass placement. There was evidence of type II endoleak that occurred via the left internal iliac artery (IIA) and inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) 16 days after surgery. A CT scan performed 6 months after surgery revealed an increase in aneurysm size and persistent type II endoleak. Both embolization of the aneurysmal sac through the IMA and surgical ligation of the IMA failed, and endoleak from the IMA persisted. Re-rupture of the aneurysm occurred 10 months after initial surgery and emergency open surgery was performed. In stent-grafting for ruptured aneurysms, only the thrombus outside the graft resists the pressure caused by the endoleak. We conclude that endoleak after stent-grafting for ruptured aneurysm should be treated completely as soon as possible because of the risk of re-rupture.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366922


A 65-year-old patient underwent successful transluminally placed endoluminal prosthetic grafts (TPEGs) of a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm (dTAA). Two hours after TPEGs, the patient suddenly complained of chest, back pain and right leg pain. Angiography and computed tomography showed acute type B aortic dissection. Re-TPEGs was immediately performed, and the entry was successfully closed. This case suggests that TPEGs for the treatment of acute aortic dissection may be useful for selected patients.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366815


We report a case of vascular ring with tracheal stenosis, which might be related to a prolonged endotracheal intubation. A symptomatic 2-month-old boy was admitted to our institution after prolonged intubation without a definite diagnosis. His symptoms were stridor and dyspnea, but not dysphagia. Echocardiography detected a vascular ring and this was confirmed by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (Edwards IA type). The left anterior aortic arch was divided distal to the left subclavian artery through left thoracotomy and the ligamentum arteriosus was not identified. On postoperative day (POD) 2, endotracheal extubation was unsuccessfully attempted. Further examination such as MRI and bronchoscopy revealed intimal hyperplasia of the trachea with mild compression of the trachea from the outside. We performed aortopexy and division of the small long ductus which might not be a mechanism of the tracheal compression through right thoracotomy in the second operation with successful extubation on POD 3. The patient has been discharged from the hospital and followed up at the outpatient clinic without any symptom. Tracheomalacia was a common associated anomaly in vascular ring. However, other mechanisms such as inflammatory reaction associated with prolonged intubation should be considered and be avoided in the pediatric population.