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Tropical Biomedicine ; : 73-80, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886074


@#Acanthamoeba is an opportunistic protozoan pathogen which is found in diverse environment worldwide. Being ubiquitous nature of this amoeba we come across it in our daily life. Acanthamoeba species are recognized as human pathogens; that may cause blinding keratitis and rare but fatal granulomatous encephalitis involving central nervous system. To date, there is not a single report in literature demonstrating anti-Acanthamoeba antibodies among the Saudi population, and thus aim of the present study. Using ELISA, we identified the antibody level in the local population. Our results represent the secretory IgA antiAcanthamoeba in mucosal secretions from 133 individuals aged 15–60 years. The antiAcanthamoeba antibody prevalence rate was > 80%, and no considerable differences were observed between prevalence in males (80.28%) and that in females (80.64%). In addition, environmental sources (soil and water) from the environment of the participants in our study were evaluated for amoeba incidence. The amoeba was identified by morphological characteristics of cysts or trophozoites on non-nutrient agar plates grown with E. coli. Overall, 58.75% of samples from water and 32.85% of those from soil were culture positive for outgrowth of amoeba on non-nutrient agar plates. Furthermore, PCR was carried out with genus-specific primers to confirm the presence of Acanthamoeba DNA. Our results revealed that about 68% of cultures from water and 43% of those from soil were successfully amplified and proved to be amoeba DNA. Interestingly, a few samples yielded more than one product, which suggests that some other amoebic species may be present in the same sample (MAC-W1 and MADW1). To the best of our knowledge, we described for the first time the amoeba isolation from the participant’s close environment and antibodies level among Saudi population. Our future studies will be focused on additional molecular characterization of isolated amoeba and their pathogenic potential which could be a possible threat for the community.

Appl. cancer res ; 37: 1-7, 2017. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-915118


Background: Apoptosis-related gene expression such as BCL2, and p53 has been suggested in predicting the patient response to chemo- or radiotherapy, as well as patient's survival. Methods: The aim of this study was to determine changes in BCL2 and p53 apoptosis related gene expressions in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients in response to different chemotherapy regimens and number of treatment courses. The study was conducted on 55 CLL patients (44 CLL and 11 CLL/SLL; small lymphocytic lymphoma) and 40 healthy individuals as control, over three-months period. The RNA was extracted by exploitation total RNA extraction kit, treated with DNAse, then cDNA was synthesized and qRT-PCR used to analyze antiapoptotic BCL2 and tumor suppresser p53 gene expressions. Results: CLL/SLL showed higher BCL2 and p53 gene expression than CLL. The patients with CLL showed three-fold increase in BCL2 gene expression compared to healthy controls (p < 0.05), and 50% decrease in p53 gene expressions (p < 0.05). BCL2 gene expression was higher, particularly, for those who were treated with higher range of treatment courses and combination of fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and rituximab (FCR) regimen. P53 gene expression reciprocally related with BCL2 and vice versa. Conclusions: In contrary to BCL2, p53 gene was extremely expressed in patients treated with chemotherapy agents, particularly after 24­30 months disease duration; suggesting a late expression of p53 during advanced stages of the disease. A proportional change in BCL2 and p53 gene expression was reported with different treatment regimens; Chlorambucil (Clb) decreased and FCR regimen increased BCL2 gene expression. Higher p53 gene expression reported with the Chlorambucil + (Chlorambucil + Prednisolone) regimen (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Leukemia , Gene Expression , Genes, p53 , Apoptosis , Genes, bcl-2 , Chemoradiotherapy