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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2158-2165, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936578

ABSTRACT

The method of homogeneity evaluation for active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) spatial distribution in lyophilized product was investigated for the first time with confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy mapping, using pemetrexed disodium for injection as a model drug. Certain areas of the lyophilized product were scanned to obtain Raman spectra. The classical method ("peak clipping" method) was employed for mapping with characteristic Raman peaks of the API and the excipient. Due to the API being finely dispersed in the excipient in lyophilized products, the classical method cannot discriminate between the two ingredients making the distribution homogeneity difficult to evaluate. The "ratio of characteristic peak intensities" method was then utilized. Using this method, the relative intensity of the characteristic Raman peaks of the API to the excipient was applied for mapping and the relative content of API to excipient was calculated for a homogeneity evaluation of the drug distribution. The validation of this method showed a good linear relationship between the relative intensity and the relative content of API to excipient (r2 > 0.99), and the precision and recovery were adequate for homogeneity evaluation of API by Raman spectroscopy mapping. Five products of pemetrexed disodium for injection from different manufacturers were tested through Raman maps applying this method and the histograms of relative Raman intensity were also plotted by frequency to help the homogeneity evaluation of drug distribution. The results showed that there were obvious differences in the drug distribution homogeneity from different products, where a more homogeneous API distribution was found in the brand product. This research provides a reliable method for the homogeneity evaluation of API distribution, which facilitates quality evaluation and process optimization of lyophilized products.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the interaction between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ferroptosis in methylglyoxalinduced injury of mouse embryonic osteoblasts (MC3T3-E1 cells).@*METHODS@#MC3T3-E1 cells were treated with methylglyoxal to establish a cell model of diabetic osteoporosis. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the viability of MC3T3-E1 cells. Rhodamine 123 staining followed by photofluorography was used to examine mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). The intracellular ROS level was detected by 2', 7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate staining with photofluorograph. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in the cells was detected using an ALP kit, the number of mineralized nodules was determined with alizarin red S staining, and the level of iron ions was detected using a detection kit. The expression level of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4, a marker protein that inhibits ferroptosis) in the osteoblasts was determined using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Treatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with 0.6 mmol/L methylglyoxal for 24 h significantly inhibited the expression level of GPX4 (P < 0.001), increased intracellular iron ion concentration, decreased the cell viability, increased the loss of MMP and intracellular ROS level, decreased both ALP activity and the number of mineralized nodules in the cells (P < 0.001). Co-treatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with 2 mmol/L N-acetylcysteine (NAC, a ROS scavenger) and methylglyoxal significantly increased the expression level of GPX4 (P < 0.01); co-treatment with 4 mmo/L FER-1 (a ferroptosis inhibitor) and methylglyoxal obviously decreased the intracellular ROS level (P < 0.001). Co-treatment of the cells either with NAC and methylglyoxal or with FER-1 and methylglyoxal attenuated methylglyoxal-induced injuries in the osteoblasts (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The interaction between ROS and ferroptosis pathway plays an important role in methylglyoxal-induced injury of mouse embryonic osteoblasts.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Survival , Ferroptosis , Mice , Osteoblasts , Pyruvaldehyde/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 695-699, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922878

ABSTRACT

Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) are widely used in cancer treatment. Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) is overexpressed in various types of solid tumors and is a validated therapeutic target for cancers. To develop a more effective therapy, we generated a novel anti-HER2 humanized monoclonal antibody MIL40 and MIL40 drug conjugates as novel cancer therapies. The MIL40 was conjugated with small molecule cytotoxic agents DM1 [emtansine, N2'-deacetyl-N2'-(3-mercapto-1-oxopropyl)-maytansine] or monomethylauristatin E (MMAE) to generate ADCs, which were evaluated for their in vitro and in vivo anti-cancer activities. Experimental results show that MIL40-DM1 and MIL40-MMAE can effectively identify and bind to HER2-positive tumor cells. The binding capabilities of MIL40-DM1 and MIL40-MMAE with HER2 extracellular domain (ECD) antigens were not different after conjugation with DM1 or MMAE. The ADCs showed potent cytotoxicity in HER2-positive ovarian cancer cells SKOV3, breast cancer cells SKBR3 and stomach cancer cells N87 in vitro. MIL40-DM1 can effectively inhibit the volume and weight growth of SKOV3 transplant tumors in mice. The mice in this study were used and treated by following the international guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals, and approved by Animal Ethics Committee of Institute of Military Cognitive and Brain Sciences.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2662-2670, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941525

ABSTRACT

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor, which is prone to recurrence and metastasis with poor prognosis. In recent years, immunotherapy has prolonged the survival of patients with GBM, providing a new option for the treatment of GBM. Target selection is very important for immunotherapy. Epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) is highly expressed on the surface of GBM cells in some patients, and EGFRvIII was not expressed in normal tissues. EGFRvIII are pivotal for the occurrence and progression of GBM, various targeted therapy including immunotherapy is promising to improve the efficacy of GBM. Currently, there are various approaches to target EGFRvIII, including humanized monoclonal antibodies, adoptive cell therapies and therapeutic vaccines. In this review, we focus on the preclinical and clinical findings of targeting EGFRvIII for GBM.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940284

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of Biejiajian Wan (BJJW) on transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of HepG2 cells, and explore its mechanism against EMT of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. MethodHepG2 cells were randomly divided into a blank group, a TGF-β1 model group (10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1), a low-dose BJJW group (10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1+0.55 g·kg-1 BJJW), a medium-dose BJJW group (10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1+1.1 g·kg-1 BJJW), a high-dose BJJW group (10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1+2.2 g·kg-1 BJJW), and a sorafenib group (10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1+0.03 g·kg-1 sorafenib). The EMT model was induced by 10 μg·L-1 TGF-β1 in HepG2 cells. After treatment with corresponding medicated serum, cell counting kit -8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect cell proliferation. Cell migration ability was detected by the Transwell assay and wound healing assay. The protein expression related to EMT and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway was detected by cell immunofluorescence assay and Western blot. ResultCompared with the blank group 4 days later, the TGF-β1 model group showed fusiform and loose cells with widened gap and antennae reaching out, decreased protein expression of E-cadherin (P<0.05), and increased protein expression of N-cadherin and vimentin (P<0.05), which indicated that the EMT model was properly induced in HepG2 cells by TGF-β1 stimulation for 4 days. After 48 hours of treatment with the corresponding medicated serum, each medication group showed inhibited proliferation of HepG2 cells that had undergone EMT, especially the low- and high-dose BJJW groups (P<0.01), and the medium-dose BJJW group showed increased E-cadherin protein expression (P<0.05) and decreased p-p65, N-cadherin, and vimentin protein expression (P<0.05), as compared with the TGF-β1 model group. As revealed by the transwell assay and wound healing assay, TGF-β1 enhanced the migration ability of HepG2 cells (P<0.05, P<0.01) compared with the results in the blank group, compared with the TGF-β1 model group, the medication groups showed inhibited migration ability of HepG2 cells (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the TGF-β1 model group promoted the expression of p65 and Snail into the nucleus. Compared with the TGF-β1 model group, the medication groups inhibited the expression of p65 and Snail into the nucleus. ConclusionBJJW may inhibit the EMT, proliferation, and migration of HepG2 cells induced by TGF-β1 by suppressing the NF-κB signaling pathway to exert an anti-hepatocellular carcinoma effect.

6.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 396-400, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939723

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patients with pulmonary nodules are treated by minimally invasive surgery, and postoperative symptoms have become the main factors affecting patients' emotion and quality of life. This study aimed to analyze the changes of postoperative symptoms in lung cancer patients with pulmonary nodules.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of eighty-eight lung cancer patients admitted to the same medical group of Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University from June 2021 to September 2021 were prospectively collected and analyzed. The types and severity of clinical symptoms before operation, on discharge day, 30-day and 90-day after operation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of postoperative symptoms in lung cancer patients was 79.5%, and most patients suffered from mild (54.3%) and moderate (32.9%) symptoms. The main postoperative symptoms of lung cancer patients were pain (55.7%) and cough (37.2%). The incidence of pain at discharge (55.7%) was significantly higher than that at 30-day (23.7%, P=0.01) and 90-day (12.0%, P=0.01) after discharge. The incidence of cough was significantly higher at 30-day (66.1%) and 90-day (66.0%) than that at discharge (37.2%) (P=0.01, P=0.04).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The main postoperative symptoms of lung cancer patients with pulmonary nodules are pain and cough. The incidence and severity of pain decreases with time, and the incidence of cough increases but the severity decreased gradually.


Subject(s)
Cough/etiology , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pain/etiology , Pneumonectomy/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/adverse effects
7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 279-284, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935938

ABSTRACT

Objective: Autologous peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) derived from bone marrow can promote liver regeneration and improve the liver function of patients, but there are few studies on its effect on the long-term outcomes in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Based on previous work, this study observed the clinical outcomes of PBSC treatment in patients with decompensated cirrhosis for 10 years, in order to provide more data support for the safety and efficacy of stem cells in clinical applications. Methods: Data of patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis who completed PBSC treatment in the Department of Gastroenterology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from August 2005 to February 2012 were included. The follow-up endpoint was death or liver transplantation, and patients who did not reach the follow-up endpoint were followed-up for at least 10 years. The patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis who met the conditions for PBSC treatment but did not receive PBSC treatment in our hospital during the same period were used as controls. Results: A total of 287 cases with decompensated liver cirrhosis had completed PBSC treatment, and 90 cases were lost to follow-up within 10 years after surgery. A total of 151 cases with complete survival follow-up data were included in the control group. There were no statistically significant differences in baseline information such as gender, age, etiological composition and liver function score between the two groups. The 10-year survival rate was higher in PBSC than control group (37.56% vs. 26.49%, P<0.05). Cholinesterase, albumin, international normalized ratio, Child-Turcotte-Pugh score, model for end-stage liver disease score, and other indicators were gradually recovered within 3 months to 1 year after PBSC treatment, and stabilized at a more desirable level in the long-term after follow-up for up to 10 years. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of liver cancer between the two groups (25.22% vs.31.85%, P=0.267). The age of onset of hepatocellular carcinoma was later in PBSC than control group [(56.66±7.21) years vs. (52.69±8.42) years, P<0.05]. Conclusions: This long-term observational follow-up study of more than ten years confirms that PBSC treatment can bring long-term benefits to patients with decompensated cirrhosis, with good long-term safety, thus providing more data support on the safety and efficacy of stem cells for clinical applications.


Subject(s)
End Stage Liver Disease , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Peripheral Blood Stem Cells , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 380-386, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935399

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the correlation between club drug use and anal canal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in HIV-negative and HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in Taizhou. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Taizhou. HIV-negative MSM were recruited by convenient sampling in voluntary counseling and testing clinics of Taizhou prefectural CDC from August 2016 to October 2017, and HIV-positive MSM were recruited through the routine follow-up and management by Taizhou prefectural CDC from August 2016 to June 2019. A face-to-face questionnaire interview was conducted to collect the information about the socio-demographic characteristics, sexual orientation, sexual behavior, club drug use and other information of the participants. Anal canal swabs were collected for HPV genotyping. The correlation between club drug use and the prevalence of HPV infection were evaluated with χ2 test and logistic regression analysis. Results: A total of 69 HIV-negative and 345 HIV-infected MSM were included. The prevalence of any type of anal canal HPV infection in HIV-negative MSM (27.5%, 19/69) was lower than that in HIV-positive MSM (66.4%, 229/345) (χ2=36.114,P<0.001). The prevalence of self-reported club drug use in HIV-negative MSM was higher (17.4%, 12/69) than that in HIV-positive MSM (7.0%, 24/345) (χ2=7.886, P=0.005). For HIV-negative MSM, the prevalence of club drug use was higher in MSM who had homosexual group sex (P=0.036); the prevalence of HPV infection was 50.0% (6/12) in club drug users and 22.8% (13/57) in non-club drug users (χ2=3.674, P=0.055). For HIV-positive MSM, the prevalence of HPV infection was 70.8% (17/24) in club drug users and 66.0% (212/321) in non-club drug users (χ2=0.230, P=0.632). Multivariable logistic regression model showed that HPV infection in MSM was positively correlated with HIV infection (OR=5.42, 95%CI: 2.92-10.06), and the association between HPV infection and club drug use (OR=1.66, 95%CI: 0.75-3.71) was not significant. Conclusions: HIV infection was positively correlated with anal canal HPV infection in MSM in Taizhou. Club drug use was positively correlated with high-risk sexual behaviors, while its association with HPV infection needs further study.


Subject(s)
Anal Canal , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , HIV Infections , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Illicit Drugs , Male , Papillomaviridae , Papillomavirus Infections , Risk Factors , Sexual Behavior , Sexual and Gender Minorities
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 189-194, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935369

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 epidemic in Ejina banner, Inner Mongolia, in October 2021 and provide evidence for the improvement of COVID-19 prevention and control. Methods: The information about the time, area and population distributions of COVID-19 cases in Ejina before November 13, 2021 and the gene sequencing result of the isolates were collected for a statistical descriptive analysis. Results: The first COVID-19 case in Ejina occurred on 7 October, 2021. A total of 164 COVID-19 cases were reported from October 19 to November 12. Most cases were distributed in 6 communities in Darahub (156 cases, 95.12%). The result of full gene sequencing of the isolates indicted that the pathogen was Delta variant (B.1.617.2). The male to female ratio of the cases was 1.3∶1. The age of cases ranged from 1 to 85 years, and the cases aged 20-59 years accounted for 78.66%. The main clinical symptoms were sore throat (91 cases, 91.92%), cough (49 cases, 49.49%) and fever (23 cases, 23.23%). Most cases were ordinary ones (81 cases, 49.39%) and mild ones (68 cases, 41.46%). The cases were mainly detected at the isolation points (84 cases, 51.22%) and through population based nucleic acid testing (62 cases, 37.80%). The basic reproduction number (R0) of COVID-19 was 5.3, the average incubation period was 3.9 days. The local government rapidly started Ⅳ level emergency response and conducted 10 rounds of nucleic acid tests. The transferring of travelers reduced the risk for the further spread of COVID-19 in Ejina. Conclusions: The epidemic of COVID-19 in Ejina characterized by strong transmission, short incubation period, herd susceptibility and case clustering. Delta variant (B.1.617.2) was the pathogen, which might be imported from Zeke port. Comprehensive prevention and control measures, such as closed-loop management and vaccination, should be continued. The successful transferring of the patients and travelers provided evidence for the effective and precise prevention and control of COVID-19 in a routine manner.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Epidemics , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931643

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Huaiqihuang Granule on airway inflammation and wheezing reattack in bronchiolitis. Methods:A total of 120 patients with bronchiolitis presenting airway inflammation and wheezing reattack who received treatment in Zaozhuang Municipal Hospital and Yicheng Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine between January 2018 and October 2019 were included in this study. These patients randomly underwent either conventional treatment (control group, n = 60) or conventional treatment + Huaiqihuang Granule treatment (experimental group, n = 60). They received pulmonary function examinations and laboratory tests for evaluating serum and urinary inflammatory factors at admission and 2 months after discharge. They were followed up by telephone 3 months and 1 year after onset. Results:The ratio of time to reach the peak tidal expiratory flow over total expiratory time (TPTEF/TE) and the volume to peak tidal expiratory flow to total expiratory volume (VPTEF/VE) were significantly higher in the experimental group compared with those in the control group ( t = 3.13, 3.60, all P < 0.01). The ratio of tidal peak flow to tidal expiratory flow when 25% of tidal volume remains in the lungs (PF/TEF25) and functional residual capacity/kg (FRCp/kg) significantly decreased in the experimental group compared with those in the control group ( t = 3.88, 3.74, all P < 0.01). Interleukin-4 level and the ratio of interleukin-4/γ-interferon levels were significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group ( t = 5.70, 8.93, all P < 0.01). Gamma-interferon level was significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group ( t = 3.85, P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in urinary leukotriene E4 level post-treatment between the two groups ( t = 1.18, P > 0.05). The number of patients who had a wheezing attack again within 3 months post-treatment and the number of patients who had ≥3 wheezing attacks were significantly lower in the experimental group compared with those in the control group ( χ2 = 5.18, 6.98, P < 0.01 or 0.05). Conclusion:Huaiqihuang granule can effectively regulate the balance of the Th 1/Th 2 ratio, inhibit airway inflammation in bronchiolitis, improve pulmonary function, and reduce the number of wheezing reattacks.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930840

ABSTRACT

Pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics study fully considers the relationship among pathogens, hosts and drugs, which reflects the relationship between bactericidal effects and adverse drug reactions and the change of drug concentrations, which is of much value to the rational use of antimicrobial agents and delaying antimicrobial resistance.This review discussed design and optimization of dosing regimens for anti-infective therapy base on theory of pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928179

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the MYB-related gene family has been found pivotal in plant growth and development. MYB-related gene family in Angelica dahurica var. formosana was systematically investigated based on "Chuanzhi No. 2" through transcriptome database search and bioinformatics and the temporal and spatial expression patterns were analyzed through real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction(PCR). The results showed that 122 MYB-related proteins family were identified, mainly including the unstable hydrophilic proteins with good thermal stability. Most of the proteins were located in nuclei. The majority of the proteins had the structures of random coil and α-helix. Five MYB-related proteins family of A. dahurica var. formosana had membrane-binding domains. The conserved domain analysis of MYB-related proteins family of A. dahurica var. formosana showed that the MYB domains of genes in five subgroups, similar to 2 R-, 3 R-, and 4 R-MYB proteins, contained three evenly distributed Trp(W) residues in the MYB repeat sequence. The phylogenetic analysis of MYB-related proteins family in A. dahurica var. formosana and Arabidopsis thaliana showed that the MYB-related members were unevenly distributed in five subgroups, and A. thaliana and A. dahurica var. formosana had almost the same number of genes in the CCA1-like subgroup. There were differences in the number, type, and distribution of motifs contained in 122 encoded proteins. Transcription factors with similar branches had similar domains and motifs. The expression pattern analysis showed that the transcription factors AdMYB53, AdMYB83, and AdMYB89 responded to hormones to varying degrees, and they were highly expressed in leaves and responded quickly in roots. This study lays a foundation for further investigating the function of MYB-related transcription factors of A. dahurica var. formosana and solving the corresponding biological problems such as bolting early.


Subject(s)
Angelica/chemistry , Animals , Computational Biology , Gastropoda , Phylogeny , Plant Leaves , Plant Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927877

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration in the treatment of common bile duct stones. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted for 158 patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis admitted to the Number One Hospital of Zhangjiakou from January 2015 to December 2019.The patients were assigned into three groups according to the diameters of cystic duct and common bile duct,degrees of abdominal infection and tissue edema,and operation method.Group A(16 cases):laparoscopic cholecystectomy,transcystic choledochoscopic exploration for stone removal;Group B(94 cases):laparoscopic cholecystectomy,common bile duct incision exploration combined with choledochoscopy for stone removal,T tube drainage;Group C(48 cases):laparoscopic cholecystectomy,common bile duct incision exploration combined with choledochoscopy for stone removal,primary closure of the common bile duct.The operation time,residual rate of stones,and complication(bleeding,bile leakage,and wound infection) rate were compared between groups. Results The operation time of groups A,B,and C was(95.1±14.7),(102.2±18.1),(110.1±16.4) minutes,respectively,which showed no statistical difference between each other(F=0.020,P=0.887).One case in group A had residual stones,while no residual stone appeared in groups B and C.The overall stone clearance rate was 99.4% and the overall complication rate was 1.9%.There was no perioperative death. Conclusion It is generally safe and effective to carry out laparoscopic cholecystectomy and common bile duct exploration for stone removal in suitable populations.


Subject(s)
Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Common Bile Duct/surgery , Gallstones/surgery , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885578

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognosis of severe hyperbilirubinemia in full-term infants who met the exchange transfusion criteria and were treated by blood exchange transfusion and phototherapy.Methods:A total of 168 full-term infants with severe hyperbilirubinemia who met the criteria for exchange transfusion and were hospitalized in the Neonatology Department of seven tertiary hospitals in Hebei Province from June 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively included. According to the treatment protocol, they were divided into two groups: exchange transfusion group (38 cases) and phototherapy group (130 cases). Two independent sample t-test and Chi-square test were used to compare the clinical manifestations and follow-up results between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for poor prognosis. Results:Neonatal severe hyperbilirubinemia in the exchange transfusion and phototherapy group were both mainly caused by hemolytic disease [42.1%(16/38) and 29.2%(38/130)], sepsis [28.9%(11/38) and 11.5%(15/130)] and early-onset breastfeeding jaundice [15.8%(6/38) and 11.5%(15/130)]. Total serum bilirubin level on admission in the exchange transfusion group was significantly higher than that in the phototherapy group [(531.7±141.3) vs (440.0±67.4) μmol/L, t=3.870, P<0.001]. Moreover, the percentage of patients with mild, moderate and severe acute bilirubin encephalopathy in the exchange transfusion group were higher than those in the phototherapy group [15.8%(6/38) vs 3.8%(5/130), 7.9%(3/38) vs 0.8%(1/130), 13.2%(5/38) vs 0.0%(0/130); χ2=29.119, P<0.001]. Among the 168 patients, 135 were followed up to 18-36 months of age and 12 showed poor prognosis (developmental retardation or hearing impairment) with four in the exchange transfusion group (12.9%, 4/31) and eight in the phototherapy group (7.7%, 8/104). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that for full-term infants with severe hyperbilirubinemia who met the exchange transfusion criteria, phototherapy alone without blood exchange transfusion as well as severe ABE were risk factors for poor prognosis ( OR=14.407, 95% CI: 1.101-88.528, P=0.042; OR=16.561, 95% CI: 4.042-67.850, P<0.001). Conclusions:Full-term infants who have severe hyperbilirubinemia and meet the exchange transfusion criteria should be actively treated with blood exchange transfusion, especially for those with severe ABE, so as to improve the prognosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885355

ABSTRACT

One hundred and twenty four patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) admitted to the Department of Endocrinology of Chuzhou First People's Hospital from April to October 2019 whose blood glucose levels were not controlled after treatment with metformin (2.0 g/d) for more than 3 months were enrolled in the study. The patients were randomly divided into oral drug group and liraglutide group with 62 cases in each group. On the basis of metformin, the oral drug group was treated with acarbose (300 mg/d); the liraglutide group was treated with liraglutide (1.2 mg/d). The course of treatment was 3 months. The body weight, fasting blood glucose (FPG), 2-h postprandial blood glucose (2 hPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels were compared between the two groups before and after treatment, and the gastrointestinal symptoms and the incidence of hypoglycemia were analyzed. After 3-month treatment the body weight, FPG, 2 hPG, HbA1c of the two groups were lower than the baseline levels ( P<0.05). Compared with the oral group, the body weight, FPG, 2 hPG, HbA1c and TG in liraglutide group were more markedly decreased ( P<0.05). The gastrointestinal reaction of liraglutide group was significantly higher than that of the oral drug group, and there was no hypoglycemia in both groups. The data indicate that liraglutide combined with metformin can significantly improve the blood glucose, blood lipid and body weight of T2DM patients and no hypoglycemia occurs during the treatment.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878970

ABSTRACT

Polygonatum cyrtonema is a famous bulk medicinal material which is the medicinal and edible homologous. With the implementation of the traditional Chinese medicine industry to promote precise poverty alleviation, the planting area of P. cyrtonema in Jinzhai is becoming larger and larger in recent years. Jinzhai is located in the Dabie Mountainous area, which is the largest mountain area and county in Anhui Province. The cultivation of P. cyrtonema is scattered, and the traditional Chinese medicine resources investigation is not only inefficient and accurate. In this study,the "Resource 3"(ZY-3) remote sensing image was used as the best observation phase,and the method of support vector machine classification was used. The method of parallelepiped, minimum distance, mahalanob is distance, maximum likelihood classification and neural net were used to classify and recognize the P. cyrtonema in the whole region. In order to determine the accuracy and reliability of classification results, the accuracy of six supervised classification results was evaluated by confusion matrix method, and the advantages and disadvantages of six supervised classification methods for extracting P. cyrtonema field planting area were compared and analyzed. The results showed that the method of support vector machine classification was more appropriate than that using other classification methods. It provides a scientific basis for monitoring the planting area of P. cyrtonemain field.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Polygonatum , Reproducibility of Results , Research Design , Support Vector Machine
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878969

ABSTRACT

Dabie Mountain in Anhui province is a genuine producing area of Poria cocos, commonly known as Anling. Jinzhai county in Anhui province is a traditional producing area of P. cocos, and it is also a key county for poverty alleviation in Dabie Mountains. Poverty alleviation of traditional Chinese medicine producing area is an important measure to implement the major strategic deployment of the central government. The planting of P. cocos is helpful to promote the development of traditional Chinese medicine industry in Dabie Mountains and help poverty alleviation. P. cocos is a saprophytic fungus with special demands on soil and ecological environment, and its planting appears a scattered and irregular distribution. Traditional investigation methods are time-consuming and laborious, and the results are greatly influenced by subjective factors. In order to obtain the suitable planting area of P. cocos in Jinzhai county, according to the field survey, the research team has explored the regional, biological characteristics and cultivation methods of P. cocos in the county, and obtained the altitude distribution area suitable for the growth of P. cocos. Then, the MaxEnt niche model was used to analyze the relationship between ecological factors and distribution areas, and the potential distribution zoning of P. cocos in Jinzhai county was studied. Combined with the characteristics of P. cocos planting pattern, taking ZY-3 remote sensing image as the data source, the maximum likelihood method was used to extract the area that could be used for P. cocos cultivation in Jinzhai county, and the reason why artificial planting P. cocos was mainly distributed in the west of Jinzhai county was analyzed. The suitable regional classification of P. cocos in Jinzhai county was obtained by superposition of suitable altitude distribution area, MaxEnt analysis and area extracted from remote sensing image, which provided data support for the planting planning of P. cocos in Jinzhai county.


Subject(s)
Altitude , China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Soil , Wolfiporia
18.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 790-793, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909098

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the biochemical characteristics, virulence factors and other phenotypes of the strains of Yersinia pestis isolated in Jianchuan County Yunnan Province in 2017, and to analyze the nature and source of the new plague epidemic. Methods:Three strains of Yersinia pestis (JC109 rat, JC109 fleas and JC113) isolated from Daqing Village, Jinhua Town, Jianchuan County, Dali Prefecture, Yunnan Province in 2017, and 2 associated strains of Yersinia pestis (LJ01 in Yulong County, Lijiang City and LJ04 in Gucheng District of Lijiang City), 5 control strains ( Yersinia pestis JC1332, LJ485, BN2636, EV-76 and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis PST-1), preserved by the Central Laboratory of Yunnan Institute for Endemic Disease Control and Prevention were collected. The biochemical characteristics and ecotypes of Yersinia pestis were analyzed by using arabinose, rhamnose, denbiose, maltose and glycerol fermentation experiments and nitrate reduction experiments. Combining pigmentation factor (pgm), virulence antigen (VW) detection and nutritional requirements test results to determine the virulence of Yersinia pestis. Results:The Yersinia pestis JC109 rat, JC109 fleas and JC113 all fermented arabinose, maltose and glycerol, but didn't ferment rhamnose and denbiose; and the nitrate reduction test was positive. The ecological type belonged to the Himalayan Marmot plague strain of Qinghai-Tibet plateau. The virulence factors pgm and VW tests were positive, the nutritional requirement type was phenylalanine dependent and glutamate independent. It had the same phenotype as the LJ01 strain, but different from the JC1332 strain. Conclusions:The newly isolated strains in Jianchuan County are the same as those in the Lijiang Yulong wild rodent plague foci. This outbreak may have been imported from the Lijiang Yulong wild rodent plague foci to the south.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907740

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of moxifloxacin in children with severe Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (SMPP).Methods:The patients with SMPP in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of Beijing Children's Hospital between January 2017 and April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical data were collected to assess therapeutic efficacy, analyze drug safety and summarize positive rate of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae genes mutation.Results:Thirty-nine children diagnosed SMPP treated with moxifloxacin were included. The positive rate of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniaegenes mutation was 95.2%. In the 39 patients, 6 (15.4 %) were cured, 29 (74.4 %) were effective, 2 (5.1 %) were no response, 2 (5.1 %) were discharged automatically during treatment with moxifloxacin, and the overall response rate was 89.8 %. The situations of consciousness, skin, joint, heart rhythm and gastrointestinal function were carefully observed; Blood routine test, liver and kidney function were closely monitored. There were no adverse drug reactions in the period of medication. No children were discontinued due to adverse reactions.Conclusions:Moxifloxacin can improve efficacy and prognosis for pediatric patients with SMPP. There are no drug adverse reactions during treatment with moxifloxacin, indicating that short-term medication is safe. The application of quinolones in pediatric patients is off-label drug use, and clinical pharmacists should assist clinicians in reducing medical risks.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905937

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG400) on the pharmacokinetics and anti-inflammatory effect of baicalin, and to preliminarily explore the anti-inflammatory effects of baicalin and its main metabolite baicalein 6-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucuronide (B6G) by molecular docking. Method:Rats were randomly divided into two groups with water and PEG400 as the dissolving matrix, and rats were administrated the equal dose of baicalin aqueous solution (baicalin+water group) and baicalin PEG400 solution (baicalin+PEG400 group). After the plasma samples were processed at different time periods, the concentrations of baicalin and B6G in rat plasma were determined by ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS), and pharmacokinetic parameters were processed by DAS 3.2.2 software. Mice were randomly divided into a blank group (normal saline, 20 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>), aspirin group (dose of 0.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), baicalin/baicalin+PEG400 high and low dose (3.0, 1.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) groups, after continuous administration for 7 days, the mouse ear swelling and foot swelling models were established, and the swelling degree and swelling inhibition rate were calculated. Result:The pharmacokinetic study showed that compared with baicalin+water group, the plasma concentrations of baicalin and B6G increased after administration of baicalin PEG400 solution, and the area under the curve (AUC<sub>0-</sub><italic><sub>t</sub></italic>) increased by 2.36, 1.97 times, and the peak concentration (<italic>C</italic><sub>max</sub>) increased by 2.12, 1.65 times, respectively. The results of mouse ear and foot swelling inflammation models showed that the anti-inflammatory effect was enhanced after intragastric administration of baicalin PEG400 solution. In addition, molecular docking results showed that baicalin and B6G could site bind to multiple target proteins [tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-<italic>α</italic>, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1<italic>β</italic>, prostaglandin E<sub>2</sub> (PGE<sub>2</sub>) and nuclear transcription factor-<italic>κ</italic>B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B)] with higher affinity, which was superior to the positive drug aspirin. Conclusion:PEG400 can increase the plasma concentration of baicalin and its main metabolite B6G, and enhance the anti-inflammatory effect. Baicalin and B6G can form strong hydrogen bonds with various inflammatory factors and of nuclear transcription factors, it is speculated that baicalin and B6G jointly play an anti-inflammatory role.

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