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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2364-2377, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937032

ABSTRACT

The study aims to explore the intervention mechanism of Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction on asthma from the perspective of immune inflammation and intestinal flora, providing a theoretical basis for guiding clinical medication. The ovalbumin (OVA) asthmatic rat model was established by intraperitoneal injection of OVA sensitization solution and aerosol challenge, and divided into control (CON), model (M), dexamethasone group (DEX, 0.075 mg·kg-1) and Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction (TLDZ, 3.5 g·kg-1). Firstly, the effects of Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction on asthma symptoms of rats, lung and trachea pathological changes of asthmatic rats were observed by inducing cough and asthma experiment, phenol red excretion, hematoxylin-eosin staining (H&E), Masson and periodic acid Schiff (PAS) staining; the levels of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1), interleukin (IL) 6 and IL-10 in rat serum and the levels of interferon γ (IFN-γ), immunoglobulin E (IgE), IL-4, IL-17A and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were detected by ELISA; the mRNA levels of IL-5, IL-13 and IL-33 in the lung were determined by qRT-PCR; the levels of macrophages and neutrophils in the spleen and the levels of natural killer cell (NK), helper T cell (Thc), dendritic cell (DC), regulatory T cell (Treg) and T helper cell 17 (Th17) in the peripheral blood were measured by flow cytometry combined with immunohistochemistry; the intestinal flora of asthmatic rats were analyzed by 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing. Pathology and inflammatory results showed that Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction could effectively alleviate the asthma symptoms in rats, improve the pathological changes of lung tissue, reduce the production of goblet cells and collagen fibers, and reduce the inflammatory response in asthmatic rats; the results of immune cells showed that Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction could effectively increase the levels of NK, Thc, DC and Treg cells and reduce the levels of macrophages, neutrophils and Th17 cells in asthmatic rats; the results of intestinal flora showed that Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction could increase the levels of Lactobacillus, Ruminococcus, Christensenellaceae, Bifidobacterium and Eubacterium]_xylanophilum-group, and decrease the levels of Firmicutes, Desulfovibrio, Mucispirillum and Romboutsia in asthmatic rats. Therefore, it is speculated that Tingli Dazao Xiefei Decoction can improve the symptom of asthmatic rats by regulating the immune inflammation and intestinal flora in the asthmatic rats. All animal experiments in this article were approved by the Ethics Committee of Henan University of Chinese Medicine.

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 395-401, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935227

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct the diagnostic model of superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and precancerous lesions in endoscopic images based on the YOLOv5l model by using deep learning method of artificial intelligence to improve the diagnosis of early ESCC and precancerous lesions under endoscopy. Methods: 13, 009 endoscopic esophageal images of white light imaging (WLI), narrow band imaging (NBI) and lugol chromoendoscopy (LCE) were collected from June 2019 to July 2021 from 1, 126 patients at the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, including low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, ESCC limited to the mucosal layer, benign esophageal lesions and normal esophagus. By computerized random function method, the images were divided into a training set (11, 547 images from 1, 025 patients) and a validation set (1, 462 images from 101 patients). The YOLOv5l model was trained and constructed with the training set, and the model was validated with the validation set, while the validation set was diagnosed by two senior and two junior endoscopists, respectively, to compare the diagnostic results of YOLOv5l model and those of the endoscopists. Results: In the validation set, the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the YOLOv5l model in diagnosing early ESCC and precancerous lesions in the WLI, NBI and LCE modes were 96.9%, 87.9%, 98.3%, 88.8%, 98.1%, and 98.6%, 89.3%, 99.5%, 94.4%, 98.2%, and 93.0%, 77.5%, 98.0%, 92.6%, 93.1%, respectively. The accuracy in the NBI model was higher than that in the WLI model (P<0.05) and lower than that in the LCE model (P<0.05). The diagnostic accuracies of YOLOv5l model in the WLI, NBI and LCE modes for the early ESCC and precancerous lesions were similar to those of the 2 senior endoscopists (96.9%, 98.8%, 94.3%, and 97.5%, 99.6%, 91.9%, respectively; P>0.05), but significantly higher than those of the 2 junior endoscopists (84.7%, 92.9%, 81.6% and 88.3%, 91.9%, 81.2%, respectively; P<0.05). Conclusion: The constructed YOLOv5l model has high accuracy in diagnosing early ESCC and precancerous lesions in endoscopic WLI, NBI and LCE modes, which can assist junior endoscopists to improve diagnosis and reduce missed diagnoses.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Endoscopy/methods , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Narrow Band Imaging , Precancerous Conditions/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933982

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore any changes with age in the center of plantar pressure among normal people after walking.Methods:Fifty healthy subjects were divided into a young group and an elderly group, each of 25. Gait descriptors were collected for each subject using a model AL-600 gait and balance training and evaluation apparatus. The gait descriptors were the center of pressure displacement (COPD), and the COPD in the medial-lateral (COPD-X) and anterior-posterior (COPD-Y) directions before and after 10 and 15 minutes of walking.Results:The average COPD, COPD-X and COPD-Y of the elderly group increased after both 10 and 15 minutes of walking, but among the young group increases were observed only after 15 minutes. The average COPD, COPD-X and COPD-Y of the elderly group were always significantly larger than the young group′s averages.Conclusions:Gait stability among the elderly decreases after as little as 10 minutes of walking, but among the young decreases are observed only after 15 minutes.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 500-508, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932859

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of dislocation after resection and reconstruction of tumors involving pelvic area II, and to try to propose intraoperative and postoperative techniques to prevent its occurrence.Methods:From March 2011 to March 2021, 122 patients with resection and reconstruction involving pelvic area II were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 17 had postoperative dislocation, 32 had pelvic area II, and 31 had pelvic area I+II. There were 40 cases in the pelvic area II+III, and 19 cases in the pelvic area I+II+III. There were 49 female patients and 73 male patients; the mean age was 47 years (9-73 years). The Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score of lower extremity patients after reduction was evaluated, and the clinical characteristics of dislocation, such as dislocation direction, dislocation time and reduction method, were counted and analyzed, and feasible prevention measures were analyzed based on the imaging characteristics after resection and reconstruction. dislocation method.Results:Among the 122 patients, there were 17 cases of dislocation, and the dislocation rate was 13.7%. Among them, 12 cases were anterior dislocation, accounting for 70.6% of anterior dislocation; 5 cases were posterior dislocation, and the proportion of posterior dislocation was 29.4%, difference (χ 2=4.52, P=0.033). There were 12 cases of dislocation within 3 months after operation, accounting for 70.6%; 1 case of dislocation occurred in 5 months after operation, and the other 4 cases of dislocation occurred for more than one year. The MSTS score of the dislocation patients after reduction was 56.1±15.6% (20%-80%). Combined with postoperative imaging examinations, the feasible methods for preventing dislocation include: The anteversion angle of the acetabular cup can be appropriately reduced (0°-10°); The acetabular cup can be appropriately shifted to the rear of the rotation center; Appropriately reducing the anteversion angle of the femoral neck prosthesis, the combination of the three can reduce the occurrence of femoral-acetabular prosthesis impingement; at the same time, the affected limb is controlled in a neutral position with strict nail shoes after surgery to avoid the occurrence of external rotation. Conclusion:The dislocation after tumor resection and reconstruction in pelvic area II is mostly anterior dislocation. Postoperative CT scan of the pelvis shows that the space between the neck of the femoral stem prosthesis and the lower edge of the acetabulum is small, which is prone to impingement. If the anteversion angle of the acetabular cup is appropriately reduced, the acetabular prosthesis is appropriately displaced posteriorly, and the anteversion angle of the femoral neck is reduced by 5°, the possibility of femoral-acetabular impingement can be reduced, thereby reducing the risk of postoperative dislocation.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928570

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the efficacy and safety of early intratracheal administration of budesonide combined with pulmonary surfactant (PS) in preventing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).@*METHODS@#A prospective randomized controlled trial was designed. A total of 122 infants with a high risk of BPD who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January to July 2021 were enrolled. The infants were randomly divided into a conventional treatment group with 62 infants (treated with PS alone at an initial dose of 200 mg/kg, followed by a dose of 100 mg/kg according to the condition of the infant) and an observation group with 60 infants (treated with PS at the same dose as the conventional treatment group, with the addition of budesonide 0.25 mg/kg for intratracheal instillation at each time of PS application). The two groups were compared in terms of the times of PS use, ventilator parameters at different time points, oxygen inhalation, incidence rate and severity of BPD, incidence rate of complications, and tidal breathing pulmonary function at the corrected gestational age of 40 weeks.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the conventional treatment group, the observation group had a significantly lower proportion of infants using PS for two or three times (P<0.05). Compared with the conventional treatment group, the observation group had a significantly lower fraction of inspired oxygen at 24 and 48 hours and 3, 7, and 21 days after administration, significantly shorter durations of invasive ventilation, noninvasive ventilation, ventilator application, and oxygen therapy, a significantly lower incidence rate of BPD, and a significantly lower severity of BPD (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence rate of glucocorticoid-related complications between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with PS use alone in preterm infants with a high risk of BPD, budesonide combined with PS can reduce repeated use of PS, lower ventilator parameters, shorten the duration of respiratory support, and reduce the incidence rate and severity of BPD, without increasing the incidence rate of glucocorticoid-related complications.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/prevention & control , Budesonide , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Prospective Studies , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927639

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to investigate the effects of caprylic acid (C8:0) on lipid metabolism and inflammation, and examine the mechanisms underlying these effects in mice and cells.@*METHODS@#Fifty-six 6-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were randomly allocated to four groups fed a high-fat diet (HFD) without or with 2% C8:0, palmitic acid (C16:0) or eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). RAW246.7 cells were randomly divided into five groups: normal, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), LPS+C8:0, LPS+EPA and LPS+cAMP. The serum lipid profiles, inflammatory biomolecules, and ABCA1 and JAK2/STAT3 mRNA and protein expression were measured.@*RESULTS@#C8:0 decreased TC and LDL-C, and increased the HDL-C/LDL-C ratio after injection of LPS. Without LPS, it decreased TC in mice ( P < 0.05). Moreover, C8:0 decreased the inflammatory response after LPS treatment in both mice and cells ( P < 0.05). Mechanistic investigations in C57BL/6J mouse aortas after injection of LPS indicated that C8:0 resulted in higher ABCA1 and JAK2/STAT3 expression than that with HFD, C16:0 and EPA, and resulted in lower TNF-α, NF-κB mRNA expression than that with HFD ( P < 0.05). In RAW 264.7 cells, C8:0 resulted in lower expression of pNF-κBP65 than that in the LPS group, and higher protein expression of ABCA1, p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 than that in the LPS and LPS+cAMP groups ( P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Our studies demonstrated that C8:0 may play an important role in lipid metabolism and the inflammatory response, and the mechanism may be associated with ABCA1 and the p-JAK2/p-STAT3 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1/immunology , Animals , Caprylates/chemistry , Cholesterol/metabolism , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Humans , Inflammation/metabolism , Janus Kinase 2/immunology , Lipid Metabolism/drug effects , Macrophages/immunology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , STAT3 Transcription Factor/immunology , Signal Transduction
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879161

ABSTRACT

Three cancer cell lines including gastric cancer SGC-7901, HGC-27, and MGC-803 cells were employed to evaluate the bioactivity of seven Dendrobium species. Simultaneously, these Dendrobium species were assessed with UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, and 504 common peaks were found. Based on the hypothesis that biological effects varied with differences in components, multivariate relevance analysis for chemical component-activity relationship of Dendrobium, including grey relation(GRA) and partial least squares(PLS) analysis were performed to evaluate the contribution of each identified component. The target peaks were identified by standards toge-ther with databases of Dendrobium, Nature Chemistry, MassBank, etc. Finally, four active components, including 3,5,9-trihydroxy-23-methylergosta-7,22-dien-6-one, diacylglycerol(14∶1/22∶6/0∶0), pipercitine, and 22-tricosenoic acid, might have negative effect on the growth of gastric cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Dendrobium , Humans , Least-Squares Analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1146-1151, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878117

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an important risk factor in the long-term outcomes of surgical revascularization. However, few studies have focused on patients with ischemic heart failure (IHF) and DM, and the results are controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of DM on the long-term outcomes of IHF patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).@*METHODS@#In this propensity-matched study, data of IHF patients who underwent CABG in our hospital from January 2007 to December 2017 were analyzed. With a mean 73-month follow-up time, the patients were divided into two groups according to whether they had DM. The primary endpoint was all-cause death, and the secondary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, stroke, recurrent myocardial infarction, and revascularization.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in all-cause mortality between the two groups (5.8% vs. 4.1%, P = 0.216). The incidence of main adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in the secondary endpoint was significantly higher in the DM group than that in the non-DM group (10.4% vs. 8.1%, P = 0.023).@*CONCLUSIONS@#DM can negatively affect the long-term outcomes of IHF patients undergoing CABG by significantly increasing the overall incidence of MACCE, though the long-term survival does not show a significant difference between the DM and non-DM patients.


Subject(s)
Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Diabetes Mellitus , Heart Failure , Humans , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Propensity Score , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921393

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Short-term outcome evaluation for the correction of unilateral cleft lip deformity with a new technique.@*METHODS@#Forty-four patients with unilateral cleft lip deformity were included in the study and in which the orbicularis oris muscle was reconstructed to achieve the optimal force balance of reconstructed orbicularis oris. The photometric two-dimensional indexes, including the philtrum oblique angle and asymmetry ratios (lip height, lip width, vertical distance from the white roll to the vermilion bottom at the Cupid's bow point, and vertical distance from the Cupid 's bow points to facial midline), were employed to measure and evaluate the outcome.@*RESULTS@#Several indexes showed statistically significant difference, and they included the philtrum oblique angle, asymmetry ratio of the lip height, and asymmetry ratio of the vertical distance from the white roll to the vermilion bottom at Cupid ' s bow points (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results suggested that the new muscle reconstruction technique can significantly improve the short-term outcome of the correction of unilateral cleft lip deformity.


Subject(s)
Cleft Lip/surgery , Facial Muscles/surgery , Humans , Lip , Mouth Mucosa , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to compare the postoperative outcome of the new and classical muscular reconstruction technique combined with nasal internal-fixation method for secondary deformity post unilateral cleft lip repair. A rationale is provided for the further surgical improvement of secondary deformities.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients aged 4-18 years with secondary unilateral cleft lip-nose deformity were involved in this research. The deformities of 28 patients were repaired using the muscular force balance technique through nasal internal fixation method, and 32 were repaired using classical muscular reconstruction technique. Two-dimensional analysis was used to evaluate the nose-lip morphology of pre- and post-operative patients through standardized photographs seven days after surgery.@*RESULTS@#Compared with preoperative nasal morphology in the muscular force balance technique group, the 7-days postoperative results of this group showed the significantly improved short-term outcomes in the correction of columellar deflection, alar rim angle, nasal shape, and the symmetry of alar base width, nostril width, nostril height, alar rim angle (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The new muscular reconstruction technique with nasal internal-fixation method has a significant effect on nasal repair.


Subject(s)
Cleft Lip/surgery , Humans , Nose/surgery , Postoperative Period , Rhinoplasty , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the influence of an artificial intelligence (AI) -assisted diagnosis system on the performance of endoscopists in diagnosing gastric cancer by magnifying narrow banding imaging (M-NBI).Methods:M-NBI images of early gastric cancer (EGC) and non-gastric cancer from Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from March 2017 to January 2020 and public datasets were collected, among which 4 667 images (1 950 images of EGC and 2 717 of non-gastric cancer)were included in the training set and 1 539 images (483 images of EGC and 1 056 of non-gastric cancer) composed a test set. The model was trained using deep learning technique. One hundred M-NBI videos from Beijing Cancer Hospital and Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University between 9 June 2020 and 17 November 2020 were prospectively collected as a video test set, 38 of gastric cancer and 62 of non-gastric cancer. Four endoscopists from four other hospitals participated in the study, diagnosing the video test twice, with and without AI. The influence of the system on endoscopists′ performance was assessed.Results:Without AI assistance, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of endoscopists′ diagnosis of gastric cancer were 81.00%±4.30%, 71.05%±9.67%, and 87.10%±10.88%, respectively. With AI assistance, accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis were 86.50%±2.06%, 84.87%±11.07%, and 87.50%±4.47%, respectively. Diagnostic accuracy ( P=0.302) and sensitivity ( P=0.180) of endoscopists with AI assistance were improved compared with those without. Accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of AI in identifying gastric cancer in the video test set were 88.00% (88/100), 97.37% (37/38), and 82.26% (51/62), respectively. Sensitivity of AI was higher than that of the average of endoscopists ( P=0.002). Conclusion:AI-assisted diagnosis system is an effective tool to assist diagnosis of gastric cancer in M-NBI, which can improve the diagnostic ability of endoscopists. It can also remind endoscopists of high-risk areas in real time to reduce the probability of missed diagnosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906320

ABSTRACT

Perilla frutescens is a traditional medicinal and edible plant widely distributed in China and enjoys an extensive usage. P. frutescens contains multiple essential oils, which are composed of monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, and their oxygen-containing derivatives. Compared with other parts of P. frutescens, Perillae Folium produce more oils, with volatile oils as the main constituents. There are many active substances in the volatile oils from Perillae Folium, mainly including perillaldehyde, perillaketone, perillaalcohol, D-limonene, β-caryophylene, etc. Such factors as germplasm, growth environment, extraction method, cultivation time, and harvest period all can trigger changes in volatile oil constituents and content from Perillae Folium. The volatile oils from Perillae Folium have diverse pharmacological effects like anti-oxidation, anti-bacteria, anti-inflammation, vasodilation, anti-tumor, and anti-depression, implying its high clinical application value. However, the chemical constituents in volatile oils from Perillae Folium are complex and unstable and their pharmacological activities are affected by many factors, so the safety and effectiveness of clinical medication fail to be guaranteed, which may has impeded the rational and effective use of these volatile oils. Many scholars in China and abroad have conducted a lot of research on the volatile oils from Perillae Folium, but there is currently no systematic and comprehensive research report on the chemical constituents of volatile oils from Perillae Folium and their pharmacological effects. This paper reviewed the relevant domestic and foreign literature, analyzed the development status of volatile oils from Perillae Folium, and summarized their extraction process, chemical constituents, and pharmacological actions, aiming to provide a reference for their further development, clinical application, and risk assessment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906009

ABSTRACT

Depression is a mental or affective disorder, whose occurrence is closely related to the physical, psychological, and social environmental factors. Clinically, patients with depression often present with significant and long-lasting blue mood, impaired thinking and cognitive functions, reduced mobility, and even self-harm and suicide attempts. The pathogenesis of depression is complex and diverse, and there mainly exist the neurotransmitter hypothesis, immunodeficiency hypothesis, hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation hypothesis, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) hypothesis, and intestinal flora hypothesis. In western medicine, it is mostly treated with antidepressant drugs, but the resulting side effects and repeated attack cannot be ignored. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has obvious advantages in dealing with depression. The advocates of treating "Qi", "phlegm", "stasis", and "five zang organs" have all been proved effective. Depression is characterized by a long course of disease and repeated attack, which coincides with the concept of "deficiency" in TCM. Tonifying deficiency is a method for treating depression based on TCM syndrome differentiation. Under the guidance of this principle, the formulated prescriptions will produce the desired effects. This article reviewed the related clinical and experimental studies on depression treatment via deficiency tonification in recent years, and summarized the corresponding prescriptions for benefiting Qi, replenishing blood, nourishing Yin, and tonifying yang, respectively, so as to enrich the TCM theory of depression and provide new ideas for its clinical treatment.

16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 600-607, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904241

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Plasma osmolality, a marker of dehydration, is associated with cardiovascular mortality. We aimed to investigate whether elevated plasma osmolality is associated with case fatality within 1 year after severe acute ischemic stroke. @*Materials and Methods@#We included severe ischemic stroke patients (defined as National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale ≥15 score) within 24 hours from symptom onset admitted to the Department of Neurology, West China Hospital between January 2017 and June 2019. Admission plasma osmolality was calculated using the equation 1.86 * (sodium+potassium)+1.15 * glucose+urea+14. Elevated plasma osmolality was defined as plasma osmolality >296 mOsm/kg, indicating a state of dehydration. Study outcomes included 3-month and 1-year case fatalities. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to determine independent associations between plasma osmolality and case fatalities at different time points. @*Results@#A total of 265 patients with severe acute ischemic stroke were included. The mean age was 71.2±13.1 years, with 51.3% being males. Among the included patients, case fatalities were recorded for 31.7% (84/265) at 3 months and 39.6% (105/265) at 1 year. Elevated plasma osmolality (dehydration) was associated with 3-month case fatality [odds ratio (OR) 1.98, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.07–3.66, p=0.029], but not 1-year case fatality (OR 1.51, 95% CI 0.84–2.72, p=0.165), after full adjustment for confounding factors. @*Conclusion@#Elevated plasma osmolality was independently associated with 3-month case fatality, but not 1-year case fatality, for severe acute ischemic stroke.

17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 600-607, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896537

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Plasma osmolality, a marker of dehydration, is associated with cardiovascular mortality. We aimed to investigate whether elevated plasma osmolality is associated with case fatality within 1 year after severe acute ischemic stroke. @*Materials and Methods@#We included severe ischemic stroke patients (defined as National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale ≥15 score) within 24 hours from symptom onset admitted to the Department of Neurology, West China Hospital between January 2017 and June 2019. Admission plasma osmolality was calculated using the equation 1.86 * (sodium+potassium)+1.15 * glucose+urea+14. Elevated plasma osmolality was defined as plasma osmolality >296 mOsm/kg, indicating a state of dehydration. Study outcomes included 3-month and 1-year case fatalities. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to determine independent associations between plasma osmolality and case fatalities at different time points. @*Results@#A total of 265 patients with severe acute ischemic stroke were included. The mean age was 71.2±13.1 years, with 51.3% being males. Among the included patients, case fatalities were recorded for 31.7% (84/265) at 3 months and 39.6% (105/265) at 1 year. Elevated plasma osmolality (dehydration) was associated with 3-month case fatality [odds ratio (OR) 1.98, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.07–3.66, p=0.029], but not 1-year case fatality (OR 1.51, 95% CI 0.84–2.72, p=0.165), after full adjustment for confounding factors. @*Conclusion@#Elevated plasma osmolality was independently associated with 3-month case fatality, but not 1-year case fatality, for severe acute ischemic stroke.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887905

ABSTRACT

Discoidin domain receptor 1(DDR1)is a critical member of the receptor tyrosine kinase family.It may be related to tumor invasion and metastasis,and the abnormal activation of DDR1 can lead to the occurrence and development of malignant tumors,inflammation,and fibrosis.DDR1 are involved in cell adhesion,migration,proliferation,secretion of cytokines,and remodeling of extracellular matrix,thus playing a critical role in various pathophysiological processes of the human body.In this review,we demonstrate the research progress of DDR1 in breast cancer and other malignant tumors,in order to provide a new theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of breast cancer and other tumors.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Adhesion , Discoidin Domain Receptor 1 , Female , Fibrosis , Humans , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 427-435, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884730

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the curative effect of the "domino" sequential method with prosthesis preservation in the treatment of infection around the prosthesis after limb salvage surgery for bone tumors.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 11 patients with peripheral prosthetic infections after limb salvage surgery with prosthesis preserving "domino" from January 2016 to January 2020 was retrospectively analyzed, including 8 males and 3 females; age 21-74 years old, with an average of 51.8 years old. There were 6 cases of knee prosthesis for distal femoral tumor, 2 cases of proximal tibia knee prosthesis, 2 cases of pelvic prosthesis infection, and 1 case of middle femoral prosthesis. Before the operation, 8 cases had fever, and 2 cases had sinus. Sequential treatment failure is defined as: recurrence of infection. The treatment method is the debridement and lavage of the prosthesis and the systemic combined local application of drug-sensitive antibiotics to evaluate the patient's blood routine, C-reflective protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and other indicators, X-ray and CT of the surgical site, and the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score.Results:The positive rate of microorganism culture was 72.7% (8/11), including 2 cases of Staphylococcus aureus, 1 case of Staphylococcus epidermidis, 1 case of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis, 1 case of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, abalone There were 2 cases of Acinetobacter mannifolia and 1 case of Streptococcus degalactiae. The MSTS score before treatment and at the last follow-up after treatment increased from 10.91±2.31 points to 20.73±3.52 points, the difference was statistically significant ( t=7.162, P<0.05). A total of 3 cases of sequential treatment failed to control infection, and the operation success rate was 72.7% (8/11). One case was amputation, one case was long-term replacement of wound dressing, and one case was switched to antibiotic bone cement combined with intramedullary nail reverse double insertion technique to control infection. Conclusion:For bone tumors with clinical infection symptoms less than one month after limb salvage surgery, the use of prosthesis-preserving "domino" sequential method for treatment of prosthetic infections is desirable for early and mid-term clinical efficacy.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942867

ABSTRACT

Objective: Serrated adenoma is recognized as a precancerous lesion of colorectal cancer, and the serrated pathway is considered as an important pathway that can independently develop into colorectal cancer. However, little is known about the related risk factors of carcinogenesis of serrated adenoma. The purpose of this study was to analyze the distribution characteristics and potential malignant factors of serrated adenoma in the colon and rectum. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was conducted to collect the clinical data of patients with serrated adenoma who underwent colonoscopy and were pathologically diagnosed in the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from April 2017 to July 2019, and exclude patients with two or more pathological types of lesions. The clinical characteristics of serrated adenoma were summarized, and univariate and logistic multivariate regression analysis was conducted to explore the influencing factors for serrated adenoma to develop malignant transformation. Results: Among 28 730 patients undergoing colonoscopy, 311 (1.08%) were found with 372 serrated adenomas, among which 22 (5.9%) were sessile serrated adenomas/polyps, 84 (22.6%) were traditional serrated adenomas, and 266 (71.5%) were unclassified serrated adenomas according to WHO classification. The pathological results showed that 106 (28.5%) lesions were non-dysplasia, 228 (61.3%) lesions were low grade intraepithelial neoplasia, and 38 (10.2%) lesions were high grade intraepithelial neoplasia or cancer. There were 204 (54.8%) lesions with long-axis diameter <10 mm and 168 (45.2%) lesions with length long-axis ≥ 10 mm. 238 (64.0%) lesions were found in the left side colon and rectum and 134 (36.0%) lesions in the right side colon. Gross classification under endoscopy: 16 flat type lesions (4.3%), 174 sessile lesions (46.8%), 117 semi-pedunculated lesions (31.5%), 59 pedunculated lesions (15.9%). Narrow-band imaging international colorectal endoscopic (NICE) classification: 85 (22.8%) type I lesions, 280 (75.3%) type II lesions, 4 (1.1%) type III lesions. Univariate analysis showed that lesion size, lesion location, lesion site and different WHO classifications were associated with malignant transformation of colorectal serrated adenoma (all P<0.05). For the serrated adenomas with different NICE classifications, there were statistically significant differences in the distribution of malignant lesions among groups (P=0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that the long-axis diameter of the lesion ≥10 mm (OR=6.699, 95% CI: 2.843-15.786) and the lesion locating in the left side colorectum (OR=2.657, 95% CI: 1.042-6.775) were independent risk factors for malignant transformation. Conclusions: Serrated adenomas mainly locate in the left side colon and rectum, and are prone to malignant transformation when the lesions are ≥10 mm in long-axis diameter or left-sided.


Subject(s)
Adenoma/pathology , Adenomatous Polyps/pathology , Carcinogenesis , Case-Control Studies , Colonic Polyps/pathology , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Disease Progression , Humans , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
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