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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 123-128, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920564

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the degree and influencing factors of glycosylated hemoglobin ( HbA1c ) control among patients with type 2 diabetes ( T2DM ) living in rural communities of Zhejiang Province, so as to provide the reference for optimizing the management of diabetes patients in rural communities.@*Methods@#Permanent adult patients with T2DM that were registered and received standardized management in all communities of Jiashan County and Suichang County, and 6 communities of Yongkang City, Zhejiang Province in 2016 were recruited, and their demographic characteristics were captured from the health record system and chronic disease management system. The height, body weight, waist circumstance and blood pressure were measured, and HbA1c and blood lipid parameters were detected. The degree of HbA1c control ( <7% ) was analyzed, and its influencing factors were identified using a multivariable logistic regression model.@*Results@#A total of 10 339 patients with T2DM were enrolled, including 4 520 men ( 43.72% ) and 5 819 women ( 56.28% ), with a mean age of ( 63.54±9.78 ) years and the mean course of diabetes of ( 6.36±4.73 ) years. The rate of HbA1c control was 47.89%. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that males ( OR=1.123, 95%CI: 1.024-1.233 ), region ( Suichang, OR=2.413, 95%CI: 2.106-2.765; Yongkang, OR=2.460, 95%CI: 2.188-2.767 ), course of disease ( 5-9 years, OR=1.724, 95%CI: 1.504-1.977; 10 years and longer, OR=2.881, 95%CI: 2.477-3.351 ), use of hypoglycemic drugs ( OR=1.203, 95%CI: 1.089-1.329 ), development of chronic complications ( OR=1.190, 95%CI: 1.027-1.379 ), uncontrolled blood pressure ( OR=1.140, 95%CI: 1.030-1.261 ), uncontrolled blood lipid ( OR=1.258, 95%CI: 1.104-1.433 ), and smoking ( OR=1.318, 95%CI: 1.165-1.491 ) were statistically associated with HbA1c control among T2DM patients.@*Conclusion@#The rate of HbA1c control was 47.89% among T2DM patients in rural communities of Zhejiang Province. HbA1c control should be given a high priority among men living in low-economic-level regions with long course of disease, use of hypoglycemic drugs, chronic complications, smoking, uncontrolled blood pressure and lipid.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928961

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine whether salvianolic acid B (Sal B) exerts protective effects on diabetic peripheral neuropathy by attenuating apoptosis and pyroptosis.@*METHODS@#RSC96 cells were primarily cultured with DMEM (5.6 mmol/L glucose), hyperglycemia (HG, 125 mmol/L glucose) and Sal B (0.1, 1, and 10 µ mol/L). Cells proliferation was measured by 3-(4, 5-cimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-dilphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and apoptosis rate were detected by flow cytometry analysis. Western blot was performed to analyze the expressions of poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP), cleaved-caspase 3, cleaved-caspase 9, Bcl-2, Bax, NLRP3, ASC, and interleukin (IL)-1β.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with HG at a concentration of 125 mmol/L attenuated cellular proliferation, while Sal B alleviated this injury (P<0.05). In addition, Sal B inhibited HG-induced ROS production and apoptosis rate (P<0.05). Furthermore, treatment with Sal B down-regulated HG-induced PARP, cleaved-caspase 3, cleaved-caspase 9, Bax, NLRP3, ASC, and IL-1β expression, but mitigated HG-mediated down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Sal B may protect RSC96 cells against HG-induced cellular injury via the inhibition of apoptosis and pyroptosis activated by ROS.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Benzofurans/pharmacology , Oxidative Stress , Pyroptosis , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928157

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the effect of icariin(ICA) on mitochondrial dynamics in a rat model of chronic renal failure(CRF) and to investigate the molecular mechanism of ICA against renal interstitial fibrosis(RIF). CRF was induced in male Sprague-Dawley(SD) rats with 5/6(ablation and infarction, A/I) surgery(right kidney ablation and 2/3 infarction of the left kidney). Four weeks after surgery, the model rats were randomized into the following groups: 5/6(A/I) group, 5/6(A/I)+low-dose ICA group, and 5/6(A/I)+high-dose ICA group. Another 12 rats that received sham operation were randomly classified into 2 groups: sham group and sham+ICAH group. Eight weeks after treatment, the expression of collagen-Ⅰ(Col-Ⅰ), collagen-Ⅲ(Col-Ⅲ), mitochondrial dynamics-related proteins(p-Drp1 S616, p-Drp1 S637, Mfn1, Mfn2), and mitochondrial function-related proteins(TFAM, ATP6) in the remnant kidney tissues was detected by Western blot. The expression of α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA) was examined by immunohistochemical(IHC) staining. The NRK-52 E cells, a rat proximal renal tubular epithelial cell line, were cultured in vitro and treated with ICA of different concentration. Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay. In NRK-52 E cells stimulated with 20 ng·mL~(-1) TGF-β1 for 24 h, the effect of ICA on fibronectin(Fn), connective tissue growth factor(CTGF), p-Drp1 S616, p-Drp1 S637, Mfn1, Mfn2, TFAM, and ATP6 was detected by Western blot, and the ATP content and the mitochondrial morphology were determined. The 20 ng·mL~(-1) TGF-β1-stimulated NRK-52 E cells were treated with or without 5 μmol·L~(-1) ICA+10 μmol·L~(-1) mitochondrial fusion promoter M1(MFP-M1) for 24 h and the expression of fibrosis markers Fn and CTGF was detected by Western blot. Western blot result showed that the levels of Col-Ⅰ, Col-Ⅲ, and p-Drp1 S616 were increased and the levels of p-Drp1 S637, Mfn1, Mfn2, TFAM, and ATP6 were decreased in 5/6(A/I) group compared with those in the sham group. The levels of Col-Ⅰ, Col-Ⅲ, and p-Drp1 S616 were significantly lower and the levels of p-Drp1 S637, Mfn1, Mfn2, TFAM, and ATP6 were significantly higher in ICA groups than that in 5/6(A/I) group. IHC staining demonstrated that for the expression of α-SMA in the renal interstitium was higher in the 5/6(A/I) group than in the sham group and that the expression in the ICA groups was significantly lower than that in the 5/6(A/I) group. Furthermore, the improvement in the fibrosis, mitochondrial dynamics, and mitochondrial function were particularly prominent in rats receiving the high dose of ICA. The in vitro experiment revealed that ICA dose-dependently inhibited the increase of Fn, CTGF, and p-Drp1 S616, increased p-Drp1 S637, Mfn1, Mfn2, TFAM, and ATP6, elevated ATP content, and improved mitochondrial morphology of NRK-52 E cells stimulated by TGF-β1. ICA combined with MFP-M1 further down-regulated the expression of Fn and CTGF in NRK-52 E cells stimulated by TGF-β1 compared with ICA alone. In conclusion, ICA attenuated RIF of CRF by improving mitochondrial dynamics.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphate/pharmacology , Animals , Female , Fibrosis , Flavonoids , Humans , Infarction/pathology , Kidney , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Male , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 780-795, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927744

ABSTRACT

As a new CRISPR/Cas-derived genome engineering technology, base editing combines the target specificity of CRISPR/Cas and the catalytic activity of nucleobase deaminase to install point mutations at target loci without generating DSBs, requiring exogenous template, or depending on homologous recombination. Recently, researchers have developed a variety of base editing tools in the important industrial strain Corynebacterium glutamicum, and achieved simultaneous editing of two and three genes. However, the multiplex base editing based on CRISPR/Cas9 is still limited by the complexity of multiple sgRNAs, interference of repeated sequence and difficulty of target loci replacement. In this study, multiplex base editing in C. glutamicum was optimized by the following strategies. Firstly, the multiple sgRNA expression cassettes based on individual promoters/terminators was optimized. The target loci can be introduced and replaced rapidly by using a template plasmid and Golden Gate method, which also avoids the interference of repeated sequence. Although the multiple sgRNAs structure is still complicated, the editing efficiency of this strategy is the highest. Then, the multiple gRNA expression cassettes based on Type Ⅱ CRISPR crRNA arrays and tRNA processing were developed. The two strategies only require one single promoter and terminator, and greatly simplify the structure of the expression cassette. Although the editing efficiency has decreased, both methods are still applicable. Taken together, this study provides a powerful addition to the genome editing toolbox of C. glutamicum and facilitates genetic modification of this strain.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Corynebacterium glutamicum/metabolism , Gene Editing , Plasmids , RNA, Guide/metabolism
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 364-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922921

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to study the effect of small molecule compound piceatannol (PIC) on host inflammation in adenine induced chronic kidney disease (CKD) mice, and then to explore its mechanism based on the regulation of gut microbiota. All procedures were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of the Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine. The level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); UPLC-TQ/MS technology was used to monitor the level of proinflammatory uremic toxin indoxyl sulfate (IS) and p-cresol sulfate (PCS); the expression of occludin was tested by Western blot; in vitro anaerobic culture of gut bacteria was used to produce indole; the abundance of gut microbiota was evaluated by 16S rDNA sequencing. The results showed that PIC had no effect on inflammatory infiltration in kidney tissue of CKD mice, but could decrease IL-6 level in blood and IL-6/TNF-α level in colon tissue. PIC did not improve intestinal occludin protein expression in CKD mice; while it could significantly reduce the levels of IS and PCS in blood and liver of CKD mice. Further mechanism studies showed that PIC could inhibit the synthesis of IS precursor indole in gut bacteria. Moreover, PIC could decrease the abundance of gut bacteria which producing uremic toxin, such as reducing the abundance of indole and p-cresol producing gut bacteria. In conclusion, PIC could regulate gut microbiota and inhibit the synthesis of uremic toxin precursor, thereafter reducing the accumulation of IS and PCS in vivo, ultimately relieving the inflammation of CKD mice.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 409-418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922916

ABSTRACT

We investigated the ability of Dracocephalum moldavica (EPDM) flavonoids to protect human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) from necroptosis induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury. To mimic the process of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, a necroptosis model was established by treatment with the pan-cysteine aspartic acid protease (caspase) inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK combined with oxygen-glucose deprivation/re-oxygenation (OGD/R) injury using HBMECs. Cell proliferation and cytotoxicity (cell counting kit-8, CCK-8) was used to measure cell viability. A Hoechst33342/PI fluorescent double-staining method was exploited to determine the rate of cell necroptosis. A commercial kit was used to detect lactate dehydrogenase in the cell culture supernate. DCFH-DA probes, calcein AM and JC-1 probes were used to measure changes in ROS production, mitochondrial membrane permeability transformation pore (MPTP) opening and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), respectively. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were chosen to detect the release of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Western blotting was used to detect necroptosis-related proteins. The results show that relative to control group, Z-VAD-FMK combined with OGD/R injury reduced cell viability, increased the necroptosis rate and the levels of LDH and ROS in HBMECs. The MPTP of the model group cells opened and the MMP reduced. TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 levels were significantly elevated. Furthermore, the expression of receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and mitochondrial phosphoglycerate mutase 5 (PGAM5) was significantly increased, accompanied by an increase of phosphorylated mixed-lineage kinase domain-like protein (p-MLKL)/MLKL. EPDM partially reversed the changes of the above-mentioned factors in HBMECs induced by Z-VAD-FMK plus OGD/R injury. These results indicate that EPDM may protect HBMECs from cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by inhibiting the RIP3/MLKL/PGAM5 pathway and MPTP opening to maintain mitochondrial function, thereby providing a scientific basis for the use of EPDM in the treatment of cerebral ischemia-related diseases.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921757

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to explore the effect and mechanism of Jiawei Baitouweng Decoction(JWBTW) against ulcerative colitis(UC) from the perspective of intestinal mucosal tight junction proteins. From 60 SPF-grade male SD rats, 10 were randomly selected as the blank control, and the remaining 50 were treated with 3% dextran sodium sulfate(DSS) solution to induce UC and then randomized into the model group, mesalazine group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose JWBTW( L-JWBTW, M-JWBTW and H-JWBTW) groups, with 10 rats in each group. After successive medication for 14 days, the rat general conditions like body weight and stool were observed and the disease activity index(DAI) was calculated. The pathological changes in colon tissue was observed under a microscope for injury severity scoring and histopathological scoring. The serum endotoxin content was determined by limulus assay, followed by the measurement of protein expression levels of ZO-1, occludin, claudin-1, p38 MAPK, MLCK, MLC2 and p-MLC in colon tissue by Western blot. The results showed that compared with the blank group, the model group exhibited significantly reduced body weight, elevated DAI, injury severity and histopathological scores and serum endotoxin content, up-regulated protein expression levels of p38 MAPK, MLCK, MLC2 and p-MLC, and down-regulated ZO-1, occludin and claudin-1. Compared with the model group,mesalazine and JWBTW at each dose obviously increased the body weight, lowered the DAI, injury severity and histopathological scores and serum endotoxin content, down-regulated the protein expression levels of p38 MAPK, MLCK, MLC2 and p-MLC, and up-regulated the ZO-1, occludin and claudin-1, with the most obvious changes noticed in the H-JWBTW group. All these have indicated that JWBTW exerts the therapeutic effect against UC by inhibiting the activation of p38 MAPK/MLCK pathway, reversing the protein expression levels of occludin, claudin-1 and ZO-1, decreasing the serum endotoxin content, promoting the repair of intestinal mucosal mechanical barrier, maintaining the integrity of tight junctions, and reducing the permeability of intestinal mucosa.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/genetics , Disease Models, Animal , Intestinal Mucosa , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Tight Junction Proteins/genetics , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 945-950, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911913

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect on ultrasound-guided vascular access-interventional therapy of hemodialysis in day surgery mode.Methods:Hemodialysis patients with vascular access dysfunction who underwent ultrasound-guided interventional therapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from September 1, 2018 to October 31, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic and clinical data were collected by electronic medical record system and telephone follow-up. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the patency rate of vascular access.Results:A total of 421 cases of ultrasound-guided vascular access intervention were performed in 269 patients. The technical success rates of stenosis, chronic occlusion and acute occlusion lesion were 98.8%, 90.6% and 86.4%, respectively, and 406 cases (96.4%) of 246 patients were clinically successful. The postoperative brachial artery blood flow was 821(627, 1 029) ml/min, which was significantly higher than 309(202, 453) ml/min before the operation ( Z=-13.547, P<0.001). No serious complications occurred during and after the operation. At 6, 12, 18 and 24 months after operation, the primary patency rate was 74%, 59%, 48% and 45%, respectively, the assisted primary patency rate was 94%, 91%, 88% and 82%, and the secondary patency rate was 96%, 93%, 91% and 86%. Compared with the conventional inpatient surgery mode, the total cost of the day surgery mode was significantly reduced [12 067(10 051, 13 198) yuan vs 14 986(12 411, 20 643) yuan, Z=-13.185, P<0.001], and the hospital stay was significantly shortened [5.1(3.5, 6.9) h vs 73.4(31.6, 146.6) h, Z=-13.348, P<0.001]. Conclusion:It is safe and effective to perform interventional therapy for vascular access malfunction under ultrasound in day surgery mode, which can save cost and time of hospitalization, and can be carried out in hospitals with relevant conditions.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 344-347, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862440

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate the effect of opaque bubble layer(OBL)on the ocular cylotorsion compensation during FS-LASIK procedures. <p>METHODS: Prospectively clinical study. From July 2019 to September 2019, two-hundred FS-LASIK patients(400 eyes)were randomly included into this study. The total OBL incidence, flap-out OBL incidence, flap-in OBL incidence, incidence of dynamic cyclotorsion component(DCC)and incidence of static cyclotorsion component(SCC)were statistically analyzed. <p>RESULTS: OBL developed in 183 eyes of 400 FS-LASIK eyes, with a total OBL incidence of 45.8%. DCC was successfully performed on 397 eyes, with a total DCC incidence of 99.2%. SCC was successfully performed on 293 eyes, with a total SCC incidence of 73.2%. Neither flap-out OBL nor flap-in OBL could disturb the successful implementation of DCC during the operation(<i>P</i>>0.05). Both flap-out OBL and flap-in OBL could impact the SCC implementation and make it fail(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: OBL can result in failure of SCC implementation during the FS-LASIK procedures.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906308

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate bonding ability between 4-sulfonylcalix [6] arene (SCA6) and 15 alkaloids (matrine, allomatrine, dauricine, daurisoline, quinidine, quinine, crotaline, vincristine, gelsemine, koumine, tetrandrine, aloperine, oxymatrine, sophocarpine and sinomenine), and to evaluate viability<italic> in vitro</italic> of HepG2 and H9c2 cells with 12 alkaloids/SCA6 bonding systems (except allomatrine, oxymatrine, sinomenine). Method:Fluorescence competitive titration was used to determine the binding constants of alkaloids and SCA6, the inhibitory effect of alkaloid/SCA6 complex on proliferation of HepG2 and H9c2 cells was investigated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). Result:All the 15 alkaloids had good bonding with SCA6 at the ratio of 1∶1 (the binding constants >1×10<sup>5</sup> mol·L<sup>-1</sup>, <italic>R</italic><sup>2</sup>>0.98), the aloperine (quinolizidine alkaloids) and SCA6 had the biggest binding constant (20.55×10<sup>6</sup> mol·L<sup>-1</sup>). In addition to gelsemine, crotaline, matrine and sophocarpine, 8 alkaloids (including aloperine, tetrandrine, dauricine, daurisoline, quinidine, quinine, vincristine and koumine) exhibited significant anti-tumor effects on HepG2 cells. Except for daurisoline, the anti-proliferation effect of the other 11 alkaloids before and after binding with SCA6 had no difference in HepG2 cells. In addition to gelsemine, crotaline, matrine and sophocarpine, the anti-proliferation effect of the other 8 alkaloids before and after binding with SCA6 had no difference in H9c2 cells. Conclusion:SCA6 shows intense binding ability with bisbenzylisoquinoline, quinolizidine and indole alkaloids. It can improve the solubility of alkaloids without affecting their anti-tumor activity, which provides a reference for subsequent related applications of SCA6 as a drug delivery carrier.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906087

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of icaritin on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of human epithelial ovarian cancer A2780 cells and the inhibitory mechanism of icaritin against cell invasion and migration via the regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT)-related molecule expression. Method:A2780 cells were divided into the blank control group and low-, medium-, and high-dose (5, 10, 20 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) icaritin groups and received the corresponding inventions for 48 h. Cell proliferation and viability were detected using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). The cellular proliferation inhibition and apoptosis rates were assayed by flow cytometry. The cell invasion and migration were observed in Scratch test and transwell test, followed by the calculation of wound healing rate and migration rate. The protein and mRNA expression levels of EMT-related molecules including E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and Vimentin and tumor invasion and migration-related molecule matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were measured by Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result:As revealed by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry, compared with the blank control group, the icaritin groups all exhibited elevated proliferation inhibition rate (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and apoptosis rate (<italic>P</italic><0.05). According to the Scratch test and transwell test, compared with the blank control group, the icaritin groups displayed weakened invasion and migration ability and decreased number and rate of cell invasion and migration (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Western blot and Real-time PCR results showed that the protein and mRNA expression levels of N-cadherin, MMP-9 and Vimentin in each icaritin group were down-regulated as compared with those in the blank control group, while the expression of E-cadherin was up-regulated. Conclusion:Icaritin inhibits the proliferation and promotes the apoptosis of human ovarian cancer A2780 cells, and it inhibits the invasion and migration of A2780 cells possibly by regulating the expression of EMT-related molecules.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905162

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of canine-assisted therapy on family function of autism spectrum disorder. Methods:The randomized controlled trials (RCT) about the effect of canine-assisted therapy on family function of autism spectrum disorder were retrieved from the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI, CBM, VIP, and Wanfang Data from establishment to February, 2021. Brief Family Assessment Measure-III-General Scale (FAM-III-GS) was used to access the family function, and Children's Depression Inventory-Second Edition (CDI-2) and Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS) were used to access the psychological behavior. The quality of included studies was evaluated according to the method recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration and Joanna Briggs Institute Reviewers' manual. RevMan 5.4 software was used for meta-analysis. Results:Finally, four RCTs involving 190 patients were included. There were too less RCTs to do a meta-analysis. Two RCTs showed that the score of FAM-III-GS improved in the experimental group than in the control group. Conclusion:Canine-assisted therapy might improve the family function of patients with autism spectrum disorder.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903855

ABSTRACT

Haemonchosis remains a significant problem in small ruminants. In this study, the assay of recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) combined with the lateral flow strip (LFS-RPA) was established for the rapid detection of Haemonchus contortus in goat feces. The assay used primers and a probe targeting a specific sequence in the ITS-2 gene. We compared the performance of the LFS-RPA assay to a PCR assay. The LFS-RPA had a detection limit of 10 fg DNA, which was 10 times less compared to the lowest detection limit obtained by PCR. Out of 24 goat fecal samples, LFS-RPA assay detected H. contortus DNA with 95.8% sensitivity, compared to PCR, 79.1% sensitivity. LFS-RPA assay did not detect DNA from other related helminth species and demonstrated an adequate tolerance to inhibitors present in the goat feces. Taken together, our results suggest that LFS-RPA assay had a high diagnostic accuracy for the rapid detection of H. contortus and merits further evaluation.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898728

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) plays a critical role in the success of lumbar spinal fusion with autogenous bone graft. This study aims to explore the role and specific mechanism of miR-34c-5p in osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. @*Methods@#and Results: Rabbit model of lumbar fusion was established by surgery. The osteogenic differentiation dataset of mesenchymal stem cells was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and differentially expressed miRNAs were analyzed using R language (limma package). The expressions of miR-34c-5p, miR-199a-5p, miR-324-5p, miR-361-5p, RUNX2, OCN and Bcl-2 were determined by qRT-PCR and Western blot. ELISA, Alizarin red staining and CCK-8 were used to detect the ALP content, calcium deposition and proliferation of BMSCs. The targeted binding sites between miR-34c-5p and Bcl-2 were predicted by the Target database and verified using dual-luciferase reporter assay. MiR-34c-5p expression was higher in rabbit lumbar fusion model and differentiated BMSCs than normal rabbit or BMSCs. The content of ALP and the deposition of calcium increased with the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Upregulation of miR-34c-5p reduced cell proliferation and promoted ALP content, calcium deposition, RUNX2 and OCN expression compared with the control group. The effects of miR-34c-5p inhibitor were the opposite. In addition, miR-34c-5p negatively correlated with Bcl-2. Upregulation of Bcl-2 reversed the effects of miR-34c-5p on ALP content, calcium deposition, and the expressions of RUNX2 and OCN. @*Conclusions@#miR-34c-5p could promote osteogenic differentiation and suppress proliferation of BMSCs by inhibiting Bcl-2.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896151

ABSTRACT

Haemonchosis remains a significant problem in small ruminants. In this study, the assay of recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) combined with the lateral flow strip (LFS-RPA) was established for the rapid detection of Haemonchus contortus in goat feces. The assay used primers and a probe targeting a specific sequence in the ITS-2 gene. We compared the performance of the LFS-RPA assay to a PCR assay. The LFS-RPA had a detection limit of 10 fg DNA, which was 10 times less compared to the lowest detection limit obtained by PCR. Out of 24 goat fecal samples, LFS-RPA assay detected H. contortus DNA with 95.8% sensitivity, compared to PCR, 79.1% sensitivity. LFS-RPA assay did not detect DNA from other related helminth species and demonstrated an adequate tolerance to inhibitors present in the goat feces. Taken together, our results suggest that LFS-RPA assay had a high diagnostic accuracy for the rapid detection of H. contortus and merits further evaluation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the efficacy and safety of lactase additive in improving lactose intolerance in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 preterm infants with lactose intolerance who were admitted to the Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January 2018 to December 2019 were randomly divided into a lactase treatment group and a control group, with 30 infants in each group. The infants in the lactase treatment group were given 4 drops of lactase additive (180 mg) added into preterm formula or breast milk, and those in the control group were given placebo, oral administration of probiotics (live combined @*RESULTS@#Finally 29 infants in the lactase treatment group and 26 infants in the control group completed the trial. At the end of the first week after intervention, compared with the control group, the lactase treatment group had significantly lower frequency of daily milk vomiting and gastric retention amount (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lactase additive can safely and effectively improve the clinical symptoms caused by lactose intolerance in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Lactase , Lactose , Lactose Intolerance/drug therapy , Prospective Studies
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888015

ABSTRACT

In this paper,metabolomics and network pharmacology were used to investigate the bioactive components of Harrisonia perforata and their possible mechanisms of action. Metabolites in the flowers,fruits,branches,leaves and stalks of H. perforata were analyzed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Meanwhile,multiple statistical analysis methods including principal component analysis( PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis( OPLS-DA)were applied to screen and identify differential compounds. With metabolomics method,9 differential compounds were preliminarily identified from leaves and other non-traditional medicinal parts. Subsequently,these compounds were explored by using network pharmacology. With gastrointestinal absorption and drug-likeness as limiting conditions,they were imported into the Swiss ADME,from which 7 compounds with potential medicinal activity were obtained. Then,their targets were predicted by PharmMapper,with Human Protein Targets Only and Normalized Fit Score>0. 9 set as limiting conditions,and 60 standardized potential targets were identified with Uniprot. KEGG( Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes) pathway data was obtained using metascape and the " potential active ingredients-target-pathway" network was constructed with Cytoscape 3. 7. 2. The enrichment analysis of KEGG demonstrated that the 60 targets were enriched in 78 signaling pathways( min overlap: 3,P value cutoff: 0. 01,min enrichment: 1. 5),many of which are related to anti-bacteria,anti-inflammation and anti-virus,such as IL-17 signaling pathway,RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway and NOD-like receptor signaling pathway. Finally,depending on the clinical activity of H. perforata,the relevant signaling pathways were analyzed through experimental data and literature. Dehydroconiferyl alcohol was reported to have the anti-inflammatory effect and perforamone D to possess the antimycobacterial activity. The KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that dehydroconiferyl alcohol could act on the Alzheimer's disease( AD) signaling pathway by targeting CDK5 R1 and BACE1. ACh E inhibitor is the most promising drug to treat AD,while dehydroconiferyl alcohol has been proved to inhibit ACh E according to literature. The experimental results revealed that the extract of leaves of H. perforata can effectively inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. These are consistent with the enrichment analysis results of KEGG. This study explored the bioactive components and pharmacodynamics of the leaves of the H. perforata,laying a theoretical foundation for its in-depth development and rational application.


Subject(s)
Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Metabolomics , Simaroubaceae
18.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 584-596, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887694

ABSTRACT

Heart failure (HF), a clinical syndrome with high morbidity and mortality, is becoming a growing public health problem. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is one of the major causes of HF, yet the molecular mechanisms underlying DCM-mediated HF are not completely understood. Previous studies have shown that dysregulation of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism could contribute to the development of HF. To explore the roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating AA metabolism in HF, we used two public datasets to analyze the expression changes of miRNAs in the patients of DCM-mediated HF. A total of 101 and 88 miRNAs with significant abundance alterations in the two dataset were obtained, respectively. Around 1/3 of these miRNAs were predicted to target AA metabolic pathway genes. We also investigated the distribution of known single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the sequences of miRNAs dysregulated in DCM-mediated HF patients, and identified miRNAs harboring high number of SNPs in either the seed regions or the entire sequences. These information could provide clues for further functional studies of miRNAs in the pathogeny of DCM-mediated HF.


Subject(s)
Arachidonic Acid , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/genetics , Heart Failure/genetics , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1409-1415, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887074

ABSTRACT

Compound houttuynia mixture belongs to OTC class A medicine, which is made from Houttuynia cordata, Scutellaria baicalensis, Radix Isatidis, Forsythia, and Lonicera. As a kind of compound preparation of traditional Chinese medicine, houttuynia cordata mixture has extensive pharmacological effects, for example, clearing away heat and detoxifying, thus it is used for the sore throat, acute pharyngitis, and tonsillitis with wind-heat syndrome. In this study, the antiviral activity against influenza viruses and the primary mechanism of compound houttuynia mixture was evaluated. The antiviral effect of compound houttuynia mixture was determined by cytopathic effects (CPE), Western blot, quantitive reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR), and virus titer assays. The effect of houttuynia mixture on the replication cycle of influenza virus was evaluated by time-of-addition assay. In conclusion, the results showed that the compound houttuynia mixture had a broad-spectrum effect against influenza virus, including the international common influenza virus strains, the drug-resistant strains and the highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses H5N1 and H7N9. It mainly impairs the early stage of the viral replication.

20.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 630-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886795

ABSTRACT

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common complications after liver transplantation. The survival rate of recipients after liver transplantation with diabetes mellitus and the long-term survival rate of grafts are significantly lower than those of their counterparts without diabetes mellitus. In recent years, diabetes mellitus after liver transplantation has attracted widespread attention along with the rapid development of liver transplantation in China. Although post-transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) has been extensively investigated in the past two decades, multiple problems remain to be further resolved. The study was designed to review the latest research progress upon diabetes mellitus after liver transplantation, covering the definition and diagnostic criteria of PTDM, risk factors, prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus after liver transplantation, aiming to deepen the understanding of diabetes mellitus following liver transplantation, deliver effective prevention and management, improve the long-term survival rate and enhance the quality of life of the recipients.

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