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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the method and clinical effect of modified Chevron osteotomy of the distal end of the first metatarsal in the treatment of moderate and severe hallux valgus.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to January 2019, 28 patients(30 feet) with moderate and severe hallux valgus were treated with modified Chevron osteotomy combined with lateral soft tissue release of the first metatarsophalangeal joint, including 2 males (2 feet) and 26 females (28 feet). The age ranged from 35 to 74 (57.3±9.3) years;10 feet on the left, 16 feet on the right, 2 cases on both sides(4 feet);the course of disease was 3 to 12 (9.32±3.89) years. The changes of hallux valgus angle(HVA), intermetatarsal angle(IMA) between the first and second metatarsals and distal metatarsal articular angle(DMAA) of the first metatarsal were measured and compared before and 6 months after operation. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) thumb joint scoring system was used to evaluate the curative effect.@*RESULTS@#All 28 patients were followed up for 8 to 16 (11.28±3.42) months. The incision healed well in all patients, and there were no complications such as incision infection and metatarsal head necrosis. The healing time of osteotomy site was 6 to 10(7.12±1.34) weeks. Preoperative HVA, IMA, DMAA and AOFAS were (36.06±6.02) °, (21.78±4.16) °, (8.21±2.65) ° and (52.90±10.97) respectively, at six months after operation, they were (8.87±2.46) °, (11.66±2.84) °, (3.65±1.00) ° and (87.45±10.55) respectively, there was significant difference between preoperative and 6 months after operation(P<0.05). At 6 months after operation, AOFAS score was excellent in 20 feet, good in 7 feet and poor in 3 feet. Among the 3 patients with poor scores, 2 were excellent after revision, and 1 was significantly improved after using custom insoles.@*CONCLUSION@#Modified Chevron can effectively correct HVA, IMA and DMAA and improve functional recovery. The modified Chevron osteotomy increases the moving distance and the contact of the osteotomy surface. It can be fixed with multiple screws, has strong correction ability, and can exercise early. It is one of the optional methods for the treatment of moderate and severe hallux valgus.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Humans , Male , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Metatarsophalangeal Joint/surgery , Middle Aged , Osteotomy , Radiography , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 539-543, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933118

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of multimodal ultrasound imaging in elderly hyperlipidemia patients with statin-related myopathy and to provide a reference of new method for non-invasive quantitative evaluation on statin myopathy.Methods:We collected 20 elderly hyperlipidemia patients with statin-related myopathy(the statin-related myopathy group), 20 elderly hyperlipidemia patients without statin-related myopathy after taking statins during the same period(the non-statin-related myopathy group), and 20 healthy volunteers who matched the age and sex of the above two groups during the same period(the healthy control group)in our hospital.Two-dimensional ultrasound, shear wave elastography and superb microvascular imaging were used to obtain thickness, echo, pinnation angle and shear wave velocity(SWV)values as well as vascular index(VI)values of the medial gastrocnemius during relaxation, dorsiflexion, and plantar flexion for each group, which were then analyzed.Results:There were no significant differences among the three groups in general conditions such as age, height, weight, and body mass index(all P>0.05). The mean thickness of the medial gastrocnemius in the statin-related myopathy group was about(1.04 ± 0.20)cm, which was less than(1.34 ± 0.16)cm in the non-statin-related myopathy group and(1.35 ± 0.15)cm in the healthy control group( F=22.03, P<0.001). The pinnation angle in the statin-related myopathy group was about(12.50 ± 1.10), which was less than(18.55 ± 1.28)in the non-statin-related myopathy group and(18.60 ± 1.35)in the healthy control group( F=158.03, P<0.001). Compared with the non-statin-related myopathy group and the healthy control group, SWV during resting, dorsiflexion and plantar flexion in the statin-related myopathy group decreased( F=61.71, 111.96 and 8.69, respectively, P<0.01). The average value of VI in the statin-related myopathy group was about(0.43 ± 0.12)%, which was less than that in the non-statin-related myopathy group(0.75 ± 0.20)% and in the healthy control group(0.93 ± 0.17)%( F=48.93, P<0.001). However, there was no significant difference in values from the parameters between the non-statin-related myopathy group and the healthy control group(all P>0.05). Conclusions:Multimodal ultrasound imaging of statin-related myopathy in elderly hyperlipidemia patients shows distinct characteristics and can be used to evaluate muscle damage of statin-related myopathy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940500

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveBased on the medical cases of Qi and blood co-treatment of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) masters, to discover the syndrome and treatment rules and medication experience of Qi and blood co-treatment through data mining. MethodFrom December 1999 to November 2020, the Qi and blood treatment cases of TCM masters were retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). Frequency statistics, association rules, cluster analysis and other methods were used for data mining. ResultThe analysis of 591 medical cases of 57 national medical master found that blood stasis, Qi deficiency, Qi stagnation, blood deficiency and phlegm were the most common syndromes. The tongue was reddish, pale or dark, the moss was white or thin, and the pulse was thin, stringy, heavy and slippery. In the treatment of Qi and blood, the disease in the early stage is mostly in Qi and blood itself. At this time, the emphasis should be on regulating Qi and blood, or tonic or attack or both. At the same time, attention should be paid to invigorating the spleen, soothing the liver and tonifying the kidney. Core drugs include Danggui Buxuetang, Buyang Huanwutang, Huangqi Guizhi Wuwutang, Taohong Siwutang, Si Junzitang, Linggui Zhugantang, Xiaoyaosan, Danggui Shaoyaosan and other chemical cut. ConclusionWhen treating Qi and blood together, Chinese medical masters attach great importance to the relationship between Qi and blood and the development stage of diseases, and emphasize the precision and dynamic differentiation of treatment. Their theories and experience of diagnosis and treatment are worthy of clinical application and promotion.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2761-2766, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-948221

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effectiveness and adverse events of domestic programmed cell death -1 (PD-1) inhibitor in the treatment of advanced non-HBV non-HCV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (NBNC-HCC). Methods A totals of 31 patients with advanced NBNC-HCC who received domestic PD-1 inhibitor in the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from June 2019 to February 2022 were retrospectively enrolled and their clinicopathological data were retrieved from their medical records and analyzed, i.e., the time to disease progression (TTP), disease control rate (DCR), objective response rate (ORR), and adverse events were recorded and statistically analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Results Among these 31 patients, only one achieved the complete response and four achieved the partial response, and six had the stable disease, but 20 showed a disease progression, resulting in an ORR of 16.1% and a (DCR of 35.5%. The median TTP was 7.2 months [95% confidence interval: 6.4-8.0) months]. The incidence of adverse events was 61.30% and the common adverse events were skin rash (29.03%) and hypertension (22.58%). However, there was no grade 4 adverse reactions or related death in these patients. Conclusion Advanced NBNC-HCC patients had a relative weak response to the PD-1 inhibitor although the adverse events were controllable. Future multi-center prospective clinical trials are needed to validate the data.

5.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 674-684, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907234

ABSTRACT

Chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cell has achieved excellent efficacy in hematological tumors, especially for lymphoma. Many products have been approved to market all over the world, and 2 products targeting CD19 have been approved to treat relapsed and refractory large B-cell lymphoma in China. The current experiences of using CAR-T cells come from previous clinical studies. How to use CAR-T cells in a standardized and rationalized way is still a challenge faced by our clinicians. Based on the CAR-T cell treatment experiences from Peking University Cancer Hospital and the latest research progresses in CAR-T in China and abroad, this article will elaborate on patient screening, peripheral blood mononuclear cell collection, bridging treatment, lymphocyte depletion chemotherapy, CAR-T cell infusion, the monitoring and treatment of adverse events after infusion, and long-term follow-up after infusion, in order to guide clinicians to better use CAR-T cell and to bring maximum benefits to patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906167

ABSTRACT

At present, the incidence and mortality of gastric cancer in China are 10.26% and 12.45%, ranking the second and third places, respectively, in the incidence and mortality of malignant tumors in China. Cancer often goes through three stages: precancerous lesions, carcinoma in situ, and invasive carcinoma. It is of great significance to advance cancer prevention and control to the stage of precancerous lesions. The popularization of digestive endoscopy-assisted diagnosis and treatment has enabled the timely diagnosis and treatment of early gastric cancer and severe dysplasia. However, the endoscopic mucosal resection is not suitable for most precancerous lesions of gastric cancer (PLGC), and the effective drugs are not available. The long-term clinical dynamic monitoring has imposed considerable physical and mental burdens on patients. Gastrointestinal microenvironment is a dynamic balance system composed of gastrointestinal flora, chemical barrier, mechanical barrier, immune barrier, and gastrointestinal nerves. The imbalance of gastric microenvironment has been proved to be the key mechanism of PLGC. According to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), PLGC is a result of long-term interaction between deficient healthy Qi and excessive pathogens. In syndrome differentiation and treatment, PLGC is often believed to be developed from chronic gastritis. Besides, the inflammation-cancer transformation model put forward by Correa and the evolution of its TCM pathogenesis are also considered. Guided by the basic treatment principle of reinforcing healthy Qi to eliminate pathogenic factors, we determined the basic therapeutic methods as follows: invigorating spleen, clearing heat, and resolving dampness. At the same time, such methods as soothing liver and regulating Qi, resolving phlegm and dissipating mass, activating blood and resolving stasis, clearing heat and removing toxin, and tonifying deficiency can be combined based on the results of syndrome differentiation. After discussing the correlation between the imbalance of gastric microenvironment and PLGC and summarizing TCM intervention methods and mechanisms against PLGC from the perspective of gastric microenvironment regulation, this paper believed that TCM improved the gastric microenvironment by regulating the disorder of gastric flora, eliminating the gastric mucosal inflammation, and relieving the abnormal immune response, thereby preventing and controlling the PLGC.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921932

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the curative effect of one-stage reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament(ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and medial collateral ligament (MCL) in patients with KD-Ⅲ-M knee injury, and to compare the operation time, hospitalization cost and curative effect after arthroscopic reconstruction of PCL with LARS artificial ligament and autogenous hamstring tendon, ACL reconstruction with autogenous hamstring tendon and MCL repair combined with limited incision.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to January 2019, a total of 36 patients met the criteria of this study. Twenty patients in group A were treated with autogenous hamstring tendon reconstruction of ACL and PCL and repair of MCL, including 17 males and 3 females, with an average age of (34.7±9.2) years old. Sixteen patients in group B with LARS artificial ligament reconstruction of PCL, with an autogenous hamstring tendon reconstruction of PCL and MCL repair as before as group B, including 15 males and 1 female, with an average age of (36.8±8.6) years old. The operation time, hospitalization time and total hospitalization cost were compared between the two groups. The preoperative and postoperative functions of the two groups were evaluated by Hospital for Sepcial Surgery (HSS) score and Lysholm score respectively, and the curative effects were compared within and between groups.@*RESULTS@#All the patients in the two groups were followed up for at least 1 year. There were no complications such as infection and poor wound healing in both groups. There was significant difference in operation time between (120.25±9.55) min in group A and (106.63±8.85) min in group B (@*CONCLUSION@#There was no significant difference in the average hospitalization days between the two groups, but the operation time in group A was longerthan that in group B, and the hospitalization cost in group B was higher than that in group A. There was no difference in HSS score and Lysholm score before and follow-up for a certain period of time after operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Arthroscopy , Female , Hamstring Tendons/surgery , Humans , Knee Dislocation , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1371-1378, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921062

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion on proteins related with apoptosis of hippocampal neurons in rats with vascular dementia (VD), and to explore the possible mechanism of moxibustion on improving VD.@*METHODS@#Thirty SD rats were selected from 100 rats (3 rats were excluded) and randomly divided into a normal group and a sham operation group, 15 rats in each group. The remaining 67 rats were treated with ischemia-reperfusion method at bilateral common carotid artery to establish VD model. The 45 rats with successful VD model were randomly divided into a model group, a moxibustion group and a medication group, 15 rats in each group. On the 7th day after successful modeling, the rats in the moxibustion group were treated with suspended moxibustion at "Guanyuan" (CV 4), "Mingmen" (GV 4) and "Dazhui" (GV 14), 15 min per acupoint, once a day; there was 1 d of rest after 6 d of moxibustion, and the treatment was given for 4 weeks. The rats in the medication group was treated with nimodipine tablets by gavage, 2 mg/kg per day, 3 times a day for 4 weeks. Before and after intervention, the Morris water maze test was used to detect the escape latency of rats in each group; after the intervention, the TUNEL method was used to detect the apoptosis rate of neurons in hippocampal CA1 area; the immunofluorescence double labeling method was used to detect the number of co-expression positive cells of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)/neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN) and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax)/NeuN in hippocampal CA1 area; the immunofluorescence single labeling method was used to detect cytochrome C (cytC) and outer mitochondrial membrane receptor Tom20 (Tom20) in hippocampal CA1 area; the Western blot method was used to detect the p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA) in hippocampus.@*RESULTS@#Before intervention, compared with the normal group and the sham operation group, the escape latency in the model group, the moxibustion group and the medication group was prolonged (@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion could improve the cognitive function of VD rats, which may be related to reducing the expression of Bax, cytC, Tom20 and PUMA protein in hippocampal CA1 area, promoting the release of Bcl-2 and inhibiting the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cognition , Dementia, Vascular/therapy , Hippocampus , Moxibustion , Neurons , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888119

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to explore the effect of Erxian Decoction on proteomics of osteoblasts stimulated by hydrogen peroxide(H_2O_2) and its protective mechanism with the H_2O_2-induced cell model of oxidative stress. The primary osteoblasts were cultured from the skulls of newborn rats(within 24 hours) and divided into a control group, a model group, a Fosamax group, and an Erxian Decoction group. Blank serum was added in the control group and model group, and the drug-containing serum was added correspondingly to the remaining two groups. After 45 hours, H_2O_(2 )stimulation was conducted for three hours except for the control group, followed by protein extraction. Nano-LC-LTQ-Orbitrap system was used for protein detection, Protein Discovery for protein identification, and SIEVE for quantitative and qualitative analysis. Furthermore, following the blocking of PI3 K signaling pathway by LY294002(10 μmol·L~(-1)), a control group, a model group, an LY294002 group, an Erxian Decoction group, and an Erxian Decoction + LY294002 group were set up to observe the effect of Erxian Decoction on cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase(ALP) activity, and the relative expression of BMP-2, OPG, p-Akt, p-FoxO1 of osteoblasts stimulated by H_2O_2 under LY294002 intervention. The results revealed that 78 differential proteins were discovered between the Erxian Decoction group and model group, which were involved in the regulation of PI3 K/Akt, glucagon, estrogen, insulin, and other signaling pathways. LY294002 blunted the promoting effect of Erxian Decoction on osteoblast proliferation and significantly down-regulated the expression of OPG and p-FoxO1, whereas its down-regulation on the expression of BMP-2 and p-Akt was not significant. Both LY294002 and Erxian Decoction increased the ALP activity of osteoblasts, which may be related to the cell state and the cell differentiation. The above results suggest that Erxian Decoction can protect osteoblasts stimulated by H_2O_2, with the PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway as one of the internal mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hydrogen Peroxide , Osteoblasts/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proteomics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Rats , Signal Transduction
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion at "Huantiao" (GB 30) on the expression of growth-associated protein-43 (GAP-43) in the sciatic nerve trunk and ventral horn of spinal cord (L@*METHODS@#A total of 48 healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a sham operation group, a model group and a moxibustion group, 12 rats in each group. The rat model of primary sciatic pain was established by chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve in the model group and the moxibustion group. On the 8th day of the experiment, moxibustion was adopted at "Huantiao" (GB 30) in the moxibustion group for 5-10 min, once a day for 14 consecutive days. Sciatic nerve function index (SFI) was measured and compared in each group at day 1, 7, 14 and 21. On the 21st day of the experiment, HE staining was used to observe the morphology of ventral horn of rat spinal cord and sciatic nerve trunk. Immunohistochemical method and real-time PCR were used to detect mRNA and protein expressions of GAP-43 in the spinal cord and sciatic nerve trunk of rats.@*RESULTS@#On day 7, 14 and 21, there was no statistical difference in SFI between the sham operation group and the normal group (@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion at "Huantiao" (GB 30) could improve the sciatic nerve function in rats with primary sciatica and its mechanism may be related to improving the expression of GAP-43 and enhancing the self-repair ability of the sciatic nerve after injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electroacupuncture , GAP-43 Protein/genetics , Male , Moxibustion , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sciatic Nerve , Sciatica/therapy , Spinal Cord
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878892

ABSTRACT

The rat osteoarthritis model was replicated by injection of sodium iodoacetate into the knee joint cavity, and the effects of Gancao Fuzi Decoction on rat osteoarthritis and the proteome of articular cartilage were investigated. Sixty SD rats weighing 230-250 g were randomly divided into normal group, model group, glucosamine sulfate group, and Gancao Fuzi Decoction high, medium and low dose groups. Osteoarthritis model was induced by intra-articular injection of sodium iodoacetate(3 mg on each leg) in all groups except the normal group. After modeling, each administration group was given intragastric administration for 1 month. During the administration period, joint pain test and joint width measurement were performed every week to observe the autonomous behavior of rats. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) method was used to detect the contents of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), matrix metalloproteinase-3(MMP-3), and matrix metalloproteinase tissue inhibitor(TIMP-1) in rat joint lavage fluid. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe bone and joint morphology. Nano-LC-LTQ-Orbitrap system was used to detect arti-cular cartilage proteins. The results showed that, compared with the model group, Gancao Fuzi Decoction could significantly improve joint pain and joint swelling in osteoarthritis rats, significantly reduce the contents of TNF-α, IL-1β and MMP-3 in the joint cavity la-vage fluid, increase the content of TIMP-1, and relieve inflammatory diseases such as enlarged joint space, rough cartilage edge, different thickness of cartilage layer, and disordered arrangement of chondrocytes. After comparing the proteins between the groups, 273 differential proteins were screened out. KEGG analysis found that the above differential proteins involved 43 signaling pathways such as systemic lupus erythematosus, among which 11 signaling pathways were related to osteoarthritis. The above results indicated that Gancao Fuzi Decoction had a preventive effect on osteoarthritis, and its mechanism of action may be accomplished by regulating the protein expression of osteoarthritis-related signal pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cartilage, Articular , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Osteoarthritis/drug therapy , Plant Extracts , Proteomics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910539

ABSTRACT

In recent years, immunotherapy has become the hottest topic in the field of oncology. Both the Keynote189 study and the Keynote407 study have confirmed that progression-free survival is significantly prolonged in patients who have been benefited from immune checkpoint blockades in lung cancer. In an article published in The New England Journal of Medicine in 2012, a case report of radiation abscopal effects caused by immunization combined with conventional radiotherapy has attracted great attention in the field of oncology. The Pacific study, published in 2017, expanded the indications for immunotherapy from advanced to locally-advanced non-small cell lung cancer. The second analysis of Keynote001, published in the Lancet Oncology in the same year, suggested that radiation therapy may mediate the immune memory effects, whereas the mechanism and time window are still unclear. With the publication of PEMBRO-RT study and several pieces of work by our team in recent years, various details of radiotherapy combined with immunotherapy (iRT) have become more mature. In clinical practice, iRT is involved in the full treatment of lung cancer. However, iRT is not a hodgepodge or stew that needs further refinement and sorting. In this article, the principles, efficacy in clinical practice, and exploration of the details of iRT were discussed.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 114-121, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909841

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of open surgery and arthroscopic assisted surgery in treatment of knee dislocations.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 80 patients with knee dislocations admitted to Second Hospital of Lanzhou University from May 2013 to September 2019, including 59 males and 21 females, aged 18-66 years [(42.5±11.6)years]. Open multiple ligament reconstruction was performed in 49 patients (open group) and arthroscopic assisted multiple ligament reconstruction was performed in 31 patients (arthroscopic group). The postoperative hospitalization days, incidence of complications, time needed for recovery of knee range of motion (>0°, >90°, >120°), and time to complete weight-bearing were compared between the two groups. The Lysholm score, international knee documentation committee (IKDC) subjective knee form, Tegner activity level, score of the MOS item short-form health survey (SF-36), patient satisfaction and knee range of motion were compared between the two groups at the last follow-up.Results:All the patients were followed up for 1.2-7.4 years [(3.8±1.5)years]. There was no significant difference in postoperative hospitalization days or incidence of complications between the two groups ( P>0.05). No significant difference was found in time needed for recovery of knee range of motion (>0°, >120°) or time to complete weight-bearing ( P>0.05). The time needed for recovery of knee range of motion (>90°) was 90(60, 90)days in open group and 60(30, 90)days in arthroscopic group ( P<0.05). At the last follow-up, there was no significant difference in Lysholm score, IKDC subjective score, Tegner activity level, SF-36 score, or patient satisfaction between the two groups ( P>0.05). At the last follow-up, the knee range of motion was 120°(90°, 130°) in open group and 135°(120°, 140°) in arthroscopic group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For treatment of knee dislocations, open surgery and arthroscopic assisted surgery have similar results in the long-term effect, while arthroscopic assisted surgery has benefits in early rehabilitation and ultimately better knee range of motion.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1379-1383, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829133

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To clarify the distribution of asthma in preschool children aged 3-6 years old and the protective effect of breastfeeding on asthma in three provinces in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze river in China.@*Methods@#The parents of 27 200 preschoolers chosen from kindergartens in 11 cities of Hubei, Jiangsu and Anhui Province were investigated with children’s asthma and breastfeeding during October to November in 2017.@*Results@#The asthma detection rate for preschoolers was 4.0%,5.0% for boys and 2.9% for girls. The asthma detection rate for children aged 3,4,5,and 6 years old was 3.2%,3.7%,4.4%,and 4.9%. 3 448 (12.7%) and 7 630 (28.1%) preschoolers were never breastfed or mainly breastfed. The rate of exclusive breastfeeding was 50.0% for 1 to 5 months and only 10.2% over 6 months. Meanwhile,there was a significant protective effect on asthma (OR=0.88,95%CI=0.77-0.89) by exclusive breastfeeding for 1-5 months,which was still statistically significant after adjusting for confounding factors. After adjusting for confounding factors,exclusive breastfeeding over 6 month have significant effected on preschool children aged 4 years old without allergic conjunctivitis history (OR=0.63,95%CI=0.40-0.99). Furthermore,exclusive breastfeeding over 6 month had important effect on preschool children aged 4 years old with eczema history (OR=0.52,95%CI=0.27-0.99).@*Conclusion@#Exclusive breastfeeding has protective effect on asthma in preschool children. Exclusive breastfeeding over 6 months even has better protective effect on asthma for the 4-years-old children without the history of allergic conjunctivitis and eczema.

15.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 541-546, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer is the most common neoplasmas with a poor prognosis and a low 5-year survival rate. Early screening is an important measure for the prevention and treatment of lung cancer. At present, different countries have issued corresponding lung cancer screening guidelines, but China still lacks guidelines based on Chinese population research. Therefore, the National Cancer Center launched a Multi-center Cancer Screening Program in Urban China. This study analyzed the evaluation of lung cancer risk assessment model and screening effect in urban China of Yunnan, so as to explore the evaluation model of high-risk lung cancer population suitable for China's national conditions and develop lung cancer screening guidelines for Chinese.@*METHODS@#A questionnaire survey and lung cancer risk assessment were conducted on 165,337 people in 36 street offices in 4 main urban areas of Kunming, Yunnan Province, using cluster sampling method from January 2015 to December 2019. People with high-risk of lung cancer conducted low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening of chest. What's more, all participants were followed up by active or passive follow-up.@*RESULTS@#There were 264 patients were diagnosed lung cancer by pathology, and the overall incidence of lung cancer was 0.16% (264/165,337). The high-risk group (0.31%, 116/37,914) was higher than the non-high-risk group (0.12%, 148/127,423), and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). The incidence of lung cancer in the high-risk group was higher than the non-high-risk group among the male, female, and lower 50-year-old or more than 50-year-old subgroups, with statistical differences (P<0.001), but there was no statistical difference in the group without LDCT screening (P=0.73). The sensitivity of the lung cancer high-risk population assessment model was 43.94% (116/264) and the specificity was 77.10% (127,275/165,073). The early diagnosis rate of the screening group was 72.97% (54/74), which was significantly higher than that of the non-screening group [28.48% (43/151)].@*CONCLUSIONS@#The lung cancer high-risk population assessment model of National Key Public Health Program: Cancer Screening Program in Urban China can detect high-risk populations and improve the early diagnosis rate of lung cancer effectively.

16.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 318-338, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828781

ABSTRACT

Respirasome, as a vital part of the oxidative phosphorylation system, undertakes the task of transferring electrons from the electron donors to oxygen and produces a proton concentration gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane through the coupled translocation of protons. Copious research has been carried out on this lynchpin of respiration. From the discovery of individual respiratory complexes to the report of the high-resolution structure of mammalian respiratory supercomplex IIIIIV, scientists have gradually uncovered the mysterious veil of the electron transport chain (ETC). With the discovery of the mammalian respiratory mega complex IIIIIV, a new perspective emerges in the research field of the ETC. Behind these advances glitters the light of the revolution in both theory and technology. Here, we give a short review about how scientists 'see' the structure and the mechanism of respirasome from the macroscopic scale to the atomic scale during the past decades.

17.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 318-338, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828617

ABSTRACT

Respirasome, as a vital part of the oxidative phosphorylation system, undertakes the task of transferring electrons from the electron donors to oxygen and produces a proton concentration gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane through the coupled translocation of protons. Copious research has been carried out on this lynchpin of respiration. From the discovery of individual respiratory complexes to the report of the high-resolution structure of mammalian respiratory supercomplex IIIIIV, scientists have gradually uncovered the mysterious veil of the electron transport chain (ETC). With the discovery of the mammalian respiratory mega complex IIIIIV, a new perspective emerges in the research field of the ETC. Behind these advances glitters the light of the revolution in both theory and technology. Here, we give a short review about how scientists 'see' the structure and the mechanism of respirasome from the macroscopic scale to the atomic scale during the past decades.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872848

ABSTRACT

Diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) is one of the common functional gastrointestinal diseases in clinical practice, its pathogenesis is diverse. Because of its sudden and lingering intractable symptoms, it seriously affects patients' work and life. IBS-D patients suffer from repeated illnesses, which often affect their lives with mental symptoms such as anxiety and depression. Anxiety and depression can also affect visceral sensation, increase intestinal sensitivity, aggravated by interaction between physical symptoms and mental symptoms. The main pathogenesis of IBS-D such as visceral hypersensitivity, gastrointestinal motility disorders, intestinal infections, and psychosocial factors are all related to brain-gut interaction disorders. Patients with IBS-D are prone to brain-gut interaction disorders due to long-term chronic mental stress. Brain-gut interaction is the main mode of regulation of gastrointestinal function in the brain-gut axis. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) believes that the main syndrome type of IBS-D patients is liver stagnation and spleen deficiency, while liver stagnation will be unsatisfactory, and the secretion and content of various neurotransmitters in the brain are closely related to emotions. Tongxie Yaofang is a commonly basic prescription used for the clinical treatment of IBS-D liver stagnation and spleen deficiency syndrome. It has the functions of softening the liver and replenishing the spleen, removing dampness and stopping diarrhea, and has a significant clinical effect. At present, many animal experiments and clinical studies have explored the mechanism of Tongxie Yaofang in treating IBS-D and its effect on brain-gut interaction function and brain-gut peptide content, but the main liver drainage and brain-gut interaction have not been linked. The author took the correlation between liver liver govers regulating and brain-gut interaction as the starting point, explored the mechanism of Tongxie Yaofang in treating IBS-D based on brain-gut interaction disorder, and explained the correlation between the three. Based on the research literature of Tongxie Yaofang in the past 5 years and the interaction between Tongxie Yaofang and brain-gut interaction, the author explored the effect of Tongxie Yaofang in treating IBS-D by affecting the brain-gut axis and brain-gut peptides.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872758

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the influence of Chang'an Ⅰ prescription drug-containing serum on IgE-mediated RBL-2H3 cell degranulation model, and explore the mechanism of Chang'an Ⅰ prescription in inhibiting RBL-2H3 activation degranulation and releasing inflammatory mediators with v-yes-1 Yanaguchi sarcoma viral related oncogene homolog (Lyn)/spleen tyrosine protein kinase (Syk)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal pathway. Method:Preparation for Chang'an Ⅰ prescription serum. Animal group, SD male rats were randomly divided into Chang'an Ⅰ prescription serum high, medium, low dose, and blank control groups with 10 rats in each group. Dosage: 10 mL·kg-1 distilled water was given to blank control group, while Chang'an Ⅰ prescription serum high, medium and low dose groups were respectively given to the Chang'an Ⅰ prescription concentrated crude drug with concentration of 1.15,2.30,4.60 g·kg-1, respectively once a day for 7 days continuously and then blood was taken from aorta ventralis and centrifuged. Ketotifen as the positive control drug. Mast cells are counted with toluidine blue staining. Cellular release of β-aminohexose was detected by colorimetric method. Contents of MCT, TNF-α, MCP-1 and histamine were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits, Lyn/Syk/MAPK protein levels were detected by immunoblotting. Result:For cell activation and degranulation, compared with the blank control group, the model group had more cell degranulation (P<0.05), compared with model group, the cell degranulation rate of each dose group of Chang'an Ⅰ prescription decreased (P<0.05). The release rate of β-hexosamine in each dose group of Chang'an Ⅰ prescription decreased significantly (P<0.01). For the release of active mediators, compared with the blank control group, the contents of histamine, MCT, TNF-α and MCP-1 all increased in the model group (P<0.01), compared with the model group, the contents in each dose group of Chang'an Ⅰ prescription all decreased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the normal group, the phosphorylation levels of Lyn and Syk, extracellular regulatory protein kinase 1/2(ERK1/2), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and mitogen-activated protein kinase p38 increased in the model group (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the Lyn, Syk and ERK1/2, JNK and p38 protein phosphorylation levels reduced in Chang'an Ⅰ prescription group (P<0.05). Conclusion:Chang'an Ⅰ prescription drug-containing serum down-regulates the phosphorylation levels of proteins Lyn, Syk, and ERK1/2, JNK, and p38, inhibits RBL-2H3 cell activation and degranulation, reduces the release of cytokines and chemokines, such as histamine, MCT, TNF-α and MCP-1, it may be one of its mechanisms for treating IBS-D visceral hypersensitivity.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-841762

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of local application of methimazole cream in the patients with hyperthyroidism complicated with liver failure∗ and to provide reference for its clinical treatment. Methods: Two patients were admitted to hospital with jaundice as the main performance. Liver function and coagulation function supported the diagnosis of liver failure. The thyroid function indicators suggested hyperthyroidism. Combined with other related examination results∗ liver failure, hyperthyroidism and hepatitis B virus were diagnosed, and the local treatment of methimazole cream and other related treatments were given. Results: After treatment, the liver function of two patients returned to normal and the thyroid function was improved. After follow-up, one patient changed the external use of methimazole cream to oral treatment, and another patient was still treated in a local manner. Conclusion: There is a conflict in the treatment of hyperthyroidism complicated with liver failure. The local application of methimazole cream in the topic of reducing the risk of liver damage caused by drugs has good results in the treatment of hyperthyroidism. This method also provides the new ideas for its clinical treatment.

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