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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928699

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the distribution characteristics of thalassemia genotype in Han Population in Sanya of Hainan Province.@*METHODS@#Gap PCR and reverse dot hybridization were used to detect and analyze the thalassemia gene in 572 suspected thalassemia carriers of Han Population in Sanya.@*RESULTS@#Among the 572 Han Population in Sanya, 271 cases of thalassemia gene abnormality were detected, among which 161 cases were founded to be carriers of α-thalassemia gene. A total of 9 genotypes were detected, in the following order of the detection rate was --SEA/αα,-α3.7/αα,-α4.2/αα,--SEA/-α3.7,--SEA/-α4.2,-α4.2/-α4.2,-α3.7/-α4.2,-α3.7/-α3.7,--SEA/--SEA. Among them, the deletion type (--SEA/αα) in southeast Asia was the most common, accounting for 66 cases. 99 cases of β-thalassemia were detected, there were 7 genotypes, all of which were heterozygous. The order of the detection rate was CD41-42/βN, IVS-II-654/βN, CD17/βN, CD71-72/βN, -28/βN, -29/βN, CD27-28/βN. Among them, CD41-42/βN was the most common, accounting for 51 cases. In addition, 11 cases of combined α and β thalassemia were detected. Five kinds of genotypes were checked out, the order of detection rate was -α3.7/αα composite CD41-42/βN, --SEA/αα composite IVS-II-654/βN, -α4.2/-α4.2 composite CD41-42/βN, -α4.2/αα composite -29/βN , --SEA/ -α4.2 composite CD41-42/βN.@*CONCLUSION@#Han Population in Sanya of Hainan Province is a high-risk population of thalassemia, the genotype characteristics are different from other areas with high incidence of thalassemia in China. The main type of α-thalassemia is the deficiency mutation of southeast Asia, while CD41-42 heterozygous mutation is the main type of β-thalassemia.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Genotype , Heterozygote , Humans , Mutation , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928678

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prognostic value of serum and cerebrospinal fluid β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with central nervous system invasion after chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#40 patients with leukemia who had been confirmed to have central nervous system infiltration were selected for treatment at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 2015 to May 2017, and the serum levels of β2-MG and CSF-β2MG were dynamically monitored and performed statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#After chemotherapy, the changes in serum β2-MG were not statistically significant (P>0.05); the absolute level of CSF-β2MG and the percentage of relative baseline changes were statistically different in different clinical outcome groups(P<0.05), and the decreasing CSF-β2MG levels suggest a better prognosis, with cut-off values of 1.505 and -25%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The best cut-off point may be a predictor of complete remission; the reduction of the absolute and relative levels of CSF-β2MG can suggest a good prognosis for patients.


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Humans , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Remission Induction , beta 2-Microglobulin
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928176

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed the quality markers(Q-markers) of Yuquan Capsules(YQC) based on serum pharmacochemistry of Chinese medicine and detected the components and metabolites of YQC absorbed into the blood by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and UNIFI systems. As a result, 32 components of YQC were detected, including 17 prototype components and 15 metabolized components. Among them, 12 prototype components(ginsenoside Rh_2, genistein, formononetin, puerarin, daidzein, schizandrin A, schizandrin B, schizandrin C, schizandrol A, schizandrol B, gomisin D, and ononin) and 12 metabolized components(ginsenoside Rg_1, ginsenoside Rg_2, ginsenoside Rg_3, ginsenoside Ro, 3'-methoxypuerarin, daidzin, astragaloside Ⅱ, astragaloside Ⅳ, glycyrrhizic acid, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritin, and verbascoside) showed inhibitory effects and pharmacological activities against diabetes, and these 24 blood-entering components against diabetes were identified as Q-markers of YQC.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Ginsenosides/analysis , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Serum/chemistry
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928058

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the effect of Zingiberis Rhizoma extract on rats with antibiotic-associated diarrhea(AAD), and reveal the modulation of gut microbiota during alleviation of AAD. AAD rat model was successfully established by exposing rats to appropriate antibiotic mixed solution. Peficon(70 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) was used as positive control, then rats were treated with 200 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) and 400 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) of Zingiberis Rhizoma extract for low and high dosage groups of Zingiberis Rhizoma extract, respectively. The weight changes of the rats were observed, and the degree of diarrhea were evaluated by fecal score, 120 min fecal weight and fecal water content. Colon tissues for histopathological examination were stained with hematoxylin and eosin(HE), and 16 S rRNA sequencing analysis of gut microbiota was performed. The results showed that compared with the model group, the degree of diarrhea, indicated by fecal water content, fecal score, and 120 min fecal weight of positive control group, Zingiberis Rhizoma low-dose group and Zingiberis Rhizoma high-dose group were significantly ameliorated. And the treatment of Zingiberis Rhizoma could significantly improve the pathological condition of colon tissue in AAD rats, especially the high dose of Zingiberis Rhizoma. In addition, 16 S rRNA sequencing analysis of gut microbiota showed that the diversity and abundance of gut microbiota were significantly improved and the reco-very of gut microbiota was accelerated after given high-dose of Zingiberis Rhizoma, while no significant changes of alterations were observed after given Pefikon. Of note, compared with the pefikon group, the abundance and diversity of gut microbiota in Zingi-beris Rhizoma high-dose group were significantly elevated. At the phylum level, the abundance of Firmicutes in AAD rats increased and the abundance of Proteobacteria was decreased after the Zingiberis Rhizoma intervention. At the genus level, the abundance of Bacillus spp., Lachnoclostridium and Escherichia coli-Shigella were decreased, and the abundance of Lactobacillus spp., Trichophyton spp., and Trichophyton spp., etc., were increased. While compared with the AAD model group, there was no significant difference of gut microbiota after given Peficon. The results showed that Zingiberis Rhizoma exerted beneficial health effects against AAD, and positively affected the microbial environment in the gut of rats with AAD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects , Diarrhea/drug therapy , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Ginger , Plant Extracts , Rats , Rhizome
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2512-2519, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937033

ABSTRACT

In this study, the reverse engineering technology was used to analyze the prescription and process of Doppelherz® Energy DIRECT, based on the composition of the prescription on the official website of the product, the detection method of composition is established according to the pharmacopoeia and literature information, combined with gravimetric analysis to complete prescription analysis. The prescription composition of the reference listed drug was determined to be composed of caffeine, taurine, vitamin B, anhydrous glucose, citric acid, sorbitol, sucralose, magnesium salts of fatty acids, in which the glucose content was 71.4%, the citric acid content was 7.0% and the magnesium salts of fatty acids content was < 5.8%. According to patent inquiry, Raman imaging and other technologies, the preparation process of the marketed preparation has been basically obtained, and the development of the self-made preparation has been completed on this basis. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Academy of Military Medical Sciences. Combined with the results of the taste evaluation experiment and the caffeine dissolution test of the preparation in 1 min, the hot-melt extrusion technology was screened out as the taste-masking technology of the self-made preparation, the parameters of the hot-melt extrusion process were screened by differential scanning calorimetry analysis, and finally a product with good taste and qualified quality was obtained, which provided a reference method for the research and development of related preparations.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936350

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effect of Epothilone D on traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) in rats.@*METHODS@#Forty-two SD rats were randomized to receive intraperitoneal injection of 1.0 mg/kg Epothilone D or DMSO (control) every 3 days until day 28, and rat models of TON were established on the second day after the first administration. On days 3, 7, and 28, examination of flash visual evoked potentials (FVEP), immunofluorescence staining and Western blotting were performed to examine the visual pathway features, number of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), GAP43 expression level in damaged axons, and changes of Tau and pTau-396/404 in the retina and optic nerve.@*RESULTS@#In Epothilone D treatment group, RGC loss rate was significantly decreased by 19.12% (P=0.032) on day 3 and by 22.67% (P=0.042) on day 28 as compared with the rats in the control group, but FVEP examination failed to show physiological improvement in the visual pathway on day 28 in terms of the relative latency of N2 wave (P=0.236) and relative amplitude attenuation of P2-N2 wave (P=0.441). The total Tau content in the retina of the treatment group was significantly increased compared with that in the control group on day 3 (P < 0.001), showing a consistent change with ptau-396/404 level. In the optic nerve axons, the total Tau level in the treatment group was significantly lower than that in the control group on day 7 (P=0.002), but the changes of the total Tau and pTau-396/404 level did not show an obvious correlation. Epothilone D induced persistent expression of GAP43 in the damaged axons, detectable even on day 28 of the experiment.@*CONCLUSION@#Epothilone D treatment can protect against TON in rats by promoting the survival of injured RGCs, enhancing Tau content in the surviving RGCs, reducing Tau accumulation in injured axons, and stimulating sustained regeneration of axons.


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Epothilones , Evoked Potentials, Visual , Nerve Regeneration/physiology , Optic Nerve Injuries/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Retinal Ganglion Cells/physiology
7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 96-102, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935483

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of very well-differentiated adenocarcinoma (VWDA) of the stomach. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 12 cases of VWDA of the stomach were collected retrospectively at the People's Liberation Army Joint Logistics Support Force 989 Hospital (formerly 152 Hospital), Pingdingshan, China, from January 2013 to May 2021. The histological characteristics and immunophenotypes were observed and analyzed with review of current literature. Results: There were 8 males and 4 females with a median age of 63 years (range 47 to 80 years). The tumor involved in the upper part of the stomach in 6 cases, the middle part in 2 cases, and the lower part in 4 cases. The median diameter of the tumors was 17 mm (range 5-65 mm). The tumor cells were similar to absorbent cells, Paneth cells, foveolar epithelial cells, and goblet cells. The cells were arranged in a single layer, and the nuclei were slightly enlarged and located at the base. The nuclei were fusiform to slightly irregular, with loss of nuclear polarity. Early tubular VWDA was found in 9 cases, and the tumor glands were similar to intestinal metaplasia. In two cases the tumors infiltrated into the submucosa. The lesions in the mucosa and submucosa showed the glands with cystic expansion, bending, branching, spiky and abortive growth pattern. One case of early papillary tubular VWDA was confined to the mucosal layer and composed of foveolar-type epithelial cells. There were two cases of advanced papillary tubular VWDA, which consisted of foveolar-type epithelial, pyloric glands, or mucinous neck cells and were associated with intra-lymphatic cancer embolus and lymph node metastases. Background mucosal atrophy and intestinal metaplasia were observed in all cases. Immunohistochemical staining showed intestinal type VWDA in 1 case, mixed gastrointestinal type VWDA in 9 cases, and gastric type VWDA in 2 cases. The Ki-67 proliferation index of 8 cases limited to the mucosa was 40%-70%, 2 cases of infiltration into the submucosa and 2 cases of advanced carcinoma was 10%-25%. All the tumors showed a wild type of p53 protein expression pattern and negative HER2. Adenocarcinoma or high-grade dysplasia was diagnosed on preoperative biopsy in 5 cases, and chronic atrophic gastritis with intestinal metaplasia in 7 cases. The median follow-up time was 28 months (range 12-72 months). No recurrence was found in the 10 patients with early cancer. Of the two patients with advanced carcinoma, one patient had lung metastases and the other died. Conclusions: Gastric VWDA is a rare low-grade malignancy with structural features of highly differentiated adenocarcinoma and extremely low cytological atypia. The diagnostic value of structural abnormality is significantly greater than cytological atypia. The invasive growth of irregular glands in the deep mucosa and submucosa is reliable evidence for diagnosis. The diagnosis of intramucosal VWDA is challenging and very difficult in some biopsy specimens.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Humans , Hyperplasia/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935336

ABSTRACT

To investigate the efficacy and value of optical genome mapping (OGM) in detecting chromosomal structural variations. In a clinical study about high-precision analysis of genomic structural variation for complex genetic diseases, a retrospective study was performed on the cases with karyotyping at the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Endocrinology of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January to December 2021. Ten cases with abnormal karyotype was detected by OGM. Partial cases were verified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), SNP array or CNV-seq. Results of ten cases, nine were detected with abnormality by OGM, including unbalanced chromosomal rearrangements (n=3), translocation (n=5) and paracentric inversion (n=1), and the results were in concordance with other standard assays. However, one case with breakpoint and reconnected at centromere has not been detected. In conclusion, ten samples were comprehensively analyzed by karyotyping, FISH, SNP array or CNV-seq, and OGM, and results demonstrated that optical genome mapping as a new technology can not only detect unbalanced rearrangements such as copy number variants as well as balanced translocations and inversions, but more importantly, it can refine breakpoints and orientation of duplicated segments or insertions. So it can contribute to the diagnosis of genetic diseases and prevent birth defect. However, the current technology is not yet capable of detecting breakpoints of balanced structural variations lying within unmapped regions.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Mapping , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Translocation, Genetic
9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 73-76, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934631

ABSTRACT

The incidence of brain metastases in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has increased as a result of improved local control rate and survival rate. Prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) has been proven to reduce the incidence of brain metastases and improve survival rate in patients with NSCLC. However, the value of PCI for NSCLC is still controversial. This paper reviews the progress of the efficacy and adverse reactions after PCI treatment for patients with NSCLC.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 430-435, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932262

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of geriatric acetabular fractures in western China.Methods:A retrospective case series study was made on data of geriatric patients with acetabular fracture hospitalized in 4 grade A hospitals in western China from 2015 to 2020. The investigation content included gender, age, incidence rate, injury mechanism, combined injuries, comorbidities, fracture types and treatment plans.Results:A total of 299 geriatric patients with acetabular fractures were included, including 203 males and 96 females, aged 60-97 years [(68.6±7.6)years]. The mean age of the patients was increased from 67.5 years to 71.1 years. The incidence rate was increased from 36 cases per year to 64 cases per year. The injury mechanism was mainly traffic accidents (42.47%), followed by falls (30.44%). Thoracic injury was the most common type of combined injuries (39.81%). Hypertension was the main comorbidity (28.76%). The most common fracture type was anterior column posterior hemitransverse fracture (31.32%). Of 299 patients, 210 received surgical treatment, with the surgery rate of 70.23%.Conclusions:Geriatric acetabular fracture is characterized by gradually increased age and incidence rate, traffic accidents as the main cause of injury, thoracic injury as the main combined injury, hypertension as the main comorbidity, anterior column posterior hemitransverse fracture as the main fracture type and surgery as the main treatment option.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of comprehensive rehabilitation nursing based on guided education and training on rehabilitation treatment in school-age children with drug-resistant epilepsy undergoing epileptogenic focus resection.Methods:Fifty movement disorders school-age children with drug-resistant epilepsy undergoing epileptogenic focus resection in Institute of Functional Neurosurgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2017 to December 2019 were enrolled in this study. The child patients were divided into the control group and the observation group according to the order of admission, with 25 cases in each group, and the control group was from January 2017 to June 2018 while the observation group was from July 2018 to December 2019. In the control group, routine nursing after epileptogenic focus resection and functional exercise were conducted. The observation group was treated with comprehensive rehabilitation nursing based on guided education and training. On the third day after operation, the day of discharge respectively, the motor function and activity of daily living of the two groups were evaluated. The satisfaction of children′s parents on nursing was compared between the two groups.Results:The scores of motor function on the third day after operation and the day of discharge were (57.0 ± 6.8), (73.0 ± 5.4) points respectively in the observation group, and those in the control group were (55.0 ± 5.6), (65.6 ± 5.9) points. There were significant differences intra group comparison ( t=-9.26, -6.48, both P<0.05). The activity of daily living scores on the third day after operation and the day of discharge were (45.2 ± 5.9), (74.2 ± 8.3) points respectively in the observation group, and those in the control group were (44.0 ± 5.8), (60.2 ± 7.6) points. There were significant differences intra group comparison ( t=-14.33, -8.51, both P<0.05). There were significant differences between the scores of motor function and the ability of daily living scores on the day of discharge in the observation group and the control group ( t values were -4.65, -6.25, both P<0.05). The satisfaction of children′s parents on nursing in the observation group and the control group were 96.0% (24/25), 72.0% (18/25) respectively. There was significant difference between the two groups ( χ 2=8.78, P<0.05). Conclusions:Rehabilitation nursing based on guided education and training can improve motor function and ability of daily living in movement disorders school-age children with drug-resistant epilepsy undergoing epileptogenic focus resection, promote the functional recovery of children after surgery and increase the satisfaction of children′s parents on nursing.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1660-1664, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929708

ABSTRACT

Gambogic acid is the main active component of Garcinia hanburyi Hook. f. ,which can inhibit the growth of a variety of tumor cells. However ,its low solubility ,short half-life and poor stability limit its clinical application to a certain extent. In order to improve the above shortcomings and improve the bioavailability of gambogic acid ,many studies have used covalent binding and physical encapsulation methods to obtain a new gambogic acid delivery system with targeting ,high permeability ,stability, biocompatibility,in vivo long circulation and other properties ,such as polymer prodrug delivery system ,anoxic prodrug delivery system,magnetic field responsive prodrug delivery system ,multi environment sensitive prodrug delivery system ,bionic nano drug delivery system. This paper reviews the new drug delivery system and its characteristics of gambogic acid. The results show that the design of drug carrier has greatly improved the defects of gambogic acid ,and the introduction of more responsive groups into gambogic acid drug carrier may make it achieve better antitumor effect.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929599

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveBased on a demand survey, to put forward the idea of family doctor service health service packages for people in functional communities, and provide suggestions for the implementation of family doctor health service in such communities. MethodsThrough the stratified cluster sampling survey of a science and innovation bearing functional community, combined with literature research, current situation survey, case analysis and interviews, this paper proposes the service content of the service packages. ResultsOn the basis of demand survey, the mode of "specified action + optional action" should be adopted. Community health service center should first provide basic service, and then expand their services in diagnosis, treatment, and health management in line with local demand, and provide optional multi-level health service packages for scientific and innovative functional community residents, which should be divided into basic health service, value-added health service and high-end health service. ConclusionSorting out the content of health service packages of family doctor service in functional communities can provide the basis for further improving the allocation of medical service resources, further optimizing the design of the financing and compensation mechanism, and further standardizing the contract service of family doctors.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929473

ABSTRACT

@#Due to their good safety, wide application scope and quick onset time, lipid emulsions are full of promise to reverse drug poisoning. In this review, a number of clinical case reports were summarized to analyze the detoxification effect of lipid emulsions on local anesthetic, antiarrhythmic, psychotropic and organophosphate poisoning, as well as the possible adverse reactions of lipid emulsions therapy.Meanwhile, the mechanisms underlying lipid emulsions therapy, such as lipid sink theory, enhanced body basal metabolism and positively affected cardiovascular function, were fully interpreted.Besides, a few potential solutions to the problems still existing in lipid emulsions therapy were proposed, in order to consolidate the understanding of lipid emulsions therapy and promote its rational application in reversing drug poisoning.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1840-1844, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929425

ABSTRACT

Seven nucleoside compounds were isolated from the Oenothera biennis L. by various chromatographic techniques such as Diaion HP-20, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, MCI and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data, and determined as 9-(3′-carbonyl methyl)hydroxypurine (1), 1-(3′-carbonyl methyl)purine-6,8-dione (2), N-methyl-2-pyridone-5-carboxamide (3), uracil (4), uridine (5), thymidine (6) and 2′-Ο-methoxy luridine (7). Compound 1 is a new nucleoside and compounds 2-7 were newly isolated from the Oenothera biennis L. Compounds 1-2 can significantly increase the viability of BEAS-2B cells induced by TGF-β1, showing potent anti-pulmonary fibrosis activity.

16.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2067-2072, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942661

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) due to Tripterygium wilfordii preparation and concomitant medications in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 112 RA patients with DILI caused by Tripterygium wilfordii preparations and concomitant medications who were treated in Honghu Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2014 to December 2019, and demographic data and the clinical features of DILI were observed to explore the influence of concomitant medications and underlying diseases on DILI. The Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups and further comparison between two groups. Results All 112 patients had a mean age of 48.13±14.38 years, and there were 81 female patients (72.32%). The most common underlying disease was nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in 8 patients (7.14%), and as for concomitant medications, 70 patients (62.50%) were treated with Tripterygium wilfordii preparation combined with non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) or disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD). The main clinical manifestation was joint pain in 110 patients (98.21%). Among the 112 patients, 102 (91.07%) had abnormal results of liver biochemical examinations; 66 patients (58.93%) had an RUCAM score of 6-8 points, and 110 patients (98.21%) had mild (grade 1) liver injury. After liver-protecting treatment (for less than 6 months in all patients), all patients had an improvement in liver function without aggravation or death. The Tripterygium wilfordii preparation+glucocorticoid+NSAID/DMARD group with 22 patients had significant increases in the serum levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) compared with the Tripterygium wilfordii preparation+NSAID/DMARD group with 70 patients ( P < 0.05). The 8 patients with NAFLD had a significantly greater increase in serum alanine aminotransferase compared with the 90 patients without underlying diseases ( P < 0.05). Conclusion RA patients may develop DILI due to Tripterygium wilfordii preparation and concomitant medications, which is commonly observed in middle-aged women. Joint pain is the main clinical manifestation, and patients tend to have mild liver injury and good prognosis without marked chronicity. More severe liver injury is observed in patients with combined medication of glucocorticoids and NSAID/DMARD or those with the underlying disease of NAFLD.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2851-2856, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941499

ABSTRACT

In this study, butaselen-2,‍6-dimethyl-‍β‍-cyclodextrin inclusion complexes were prepared by saturated aqueous solution method to improve the solubility of butaselen, so as to obtain its injection solutions. The content of butaselen in the inclusions was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and then the preparation process was optimized by orthogonal design using the inclusion ratio as an indicator. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used to verify the structure of the inclusions. The effects of the inclusions on the solubility and stability of butaselen were also investigated. The results showed that the optimized preparation process with a mass ratio of 1∶340, an encapsulation time of 3 h and an encapsulation temperature of 70 ℃ resulted in an encapsulation ratio of (91.24 ± 0.42) %, and the results of XRD, FTIR and SEM demonstrated the formation of inclusion complexes. The developed HPLC method is rapid, simple, accurate, applicable, specific and reproducible for the determination of butaselen content in butaselen cyclodextrin inclusion complexes, which can lay the foundation for the development of new butaselen dosage forms and clinical applications and provide technical support.

18.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 506-510, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939739

ABSTRACT

As lung cancer targeted therapy and immunotherapy drugs are the current hot spot in the research and development area of new anti-tumor drugs, the amount of clinical trial in this area is increasing year by year. On the basis of combing the on-site inspections of drug registration clinical trials from 2019 to 2021, combined with the characteristics of lung cancer targeted therapy and immunotherapy drugs, this paper discusses the focus of on-site inspection of clinical trials of such drugs, and puts forward suggestions for the compliant implementation of lung cancer clinical trials.
.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Humans , Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use , Immunotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Molecular Targeted Therapy
19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 461-468, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939580

ABSTRACT

Histone methylation is one of the key post-translational modifications that plays a critical role in various heart diseases, including diabetic cardiomyopathy. A great deal of evidence has shown that histone methylation is closely related to hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, lipid and advanced glycation end products deposition, inflammatory and oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress and cell apoptosis, and these pathological factors play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy. In order to provide a novel theoretical basis and potential targets for the treatment of diabetic cardiomyopathy from the perspective of epigenetics, this review discussed and elucidated the association between histone methylation and the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy in details.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Cardiomyopathies/pathology , Histones , Humans , Methylation , Oxidative Stress , Protein Processing, Post-Translational
20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 563-568, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920725

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To co mpare the difference of liposoluble constitue nts in different processed products of Huaizhong No.1 Rehmannia glutionsa (fresh R. glutionsa ,R. glutionsa and prepared R. glutionsa ),and to evaluate its in vitro antioxidant activity preliminarily. METHODS Liposoluble extracts were extracted from 3 processed products of R. glutionsa by Soxhlet extraction. Their constituents were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The spectral library of NIST 98 system was used to automatically retrieve the mass spectrum information of components ,and the structures of compounds were identified in combination with relevant literature and by comparing with eight peak index and EPA/NIH library. Relative contents of the components were calculated by using peak area normalization method with Hewlett Packard software. The antioxidant activities of liposoluble constituents in 3 processed products of R. glutionsa were investigated by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH)free radical scavenging. RESULTS A total of 79 liposoluble components were identified from different processed products of R. glutionsa,and 48,52 and 37 liposoluble compounds were identified from fresh R. glutionsa ,R. glutionsa and prepared R. glutionsa,respectively;their relative contents accounted for 92.69%,86.29%,92.89% of the total components respectively. Among them ,there were 20 liposoluble compounds totally ,and their relative contents accounted for 88.73%,80.89% and 85.87% of liposoluble components in each processed product respectively ;they were mainly composed of fatty acids such as methyl linoleate,methyl palmitate and methyl oleate. In addition ,there were 18 unique liposoluble components in fresh R. glutionsa , mostly terpenoids ;there were 17 and 6 unique liposoluble components in R. glutionsa and prepared R. glutionsa ,mostly alkanes. The results of antioxidant experiment showed that median scavenging concentrations of liposoluble components to DPPH limeng free radical were 0.756,0.660,0.758 mg/mL,respectively. CONCLUSIONS The common liposoluble components in different processed products of R. glutionsa are mostly acids;the unique liposoluble components in fresh R. glutionsa are mostly terpenoids ,and those of R. glutionsa and prepared R. glutionsa are mostly alkanes ;the liposoluble constituents possess in vitro antioxidant activities.

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