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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955519


Objective:To systematically review the teaching effect of problem-based learning (PBL) combined with evidence-based medicine (EBM) teaching mode on the standardized residency training.Methods:CNKI, Wanfang database, VIP database, SinoMed, Embase, PubMed and Web of SCI databases were searched, and the randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies of the application of EBM combined with PBL teaching in standardized residency training were collected. The retrieval time was from the establishment to 1st July, 2018. Two investigators independently extracted data and assessed the quality of the studies. After assessing the risk of bias of included studies, Meta-analysis was performed on RevMan 5.3.Results:In total, 4 studies were included in the review. Narrative assessment was adopted, because outcome indicators of these study were varied and the quality of the literatures could not meet the requirement of Meta-analysis. Our study suggested that the residents who were in PBL combined with EBM teaching mode group got higher scores in the standardized residency training, compared with those in the lecture-based learning (LBL) teaching mode group, especially in case analysis score, total score of examination, improvement of clinical thinking ability, communication and expression ability, organization and cooperation ability, etc.Conclusion:The current evidence suggests that the application of EBM combined with PBL teaching mode has a positive effect on the standardized residency training. Compared with the traditional LBL teaching, EBM can improve students' ability. However, limited by the quantity and quality of included studies, the above conclusions still need to be verified by more studies with larger samples and higher quality.

China Pharmacy ; (12): 56-63, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862266


OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for the identification and proces sing end-point determination of raw Morus alba and its processed products (honey-processed M. alba ). METHODS :UPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Waters BEH Shield RP C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile- 0.1% phosphoric acid solution (gradient elution ) at the flow rate of 0.30 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 30 ℃. The program wavelengths were set at 280 nm(0-4 min) and 320 nm(4-35 min). Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatogram Fingerprint of TCM (2012 edition)was used to establish UPLC fingerprint and carry out similarity evaluation of 13 batches of M. alba and honey-processed M. alba . The chromatographic peaks were identified with reference substance fingerprint. The colorimetric value (L,a,b) of 13 batches of M. alba and honey-processed M. alba powder were determined ,and average total colorimetric value (E)was calculated. OPLS-DA and cluster analysis were adopted to analyze the differences in fingerprints and colorimetric values of M. alba before and after processing. At the same time ,the dynamic change rule of fingerprint and colorimetric value of honey-processed M. alba at different processing time points were analyzed to determine the processing end-point. RESULTS :There were obvious differences in fingerprints before and after processing ,and the similarity of 13 batches of M. alba and honey-processed M. alba were all higher than 0.9. Totally 21 common peaks were calibrated for M. alba ,and 23 common peaks for honey-processed M. alba ;peak 1 and peak 2 were newly produced compounds of honey-processed M. alba . Peak 2,peak 7,peak 14 and peak 19 were identified as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, mulberry glucoside A ,oxidized resveratrol ,mulberry flavonoids G. Results of OPLS-DA showed that the peak area-sample quantity ratio of peak 1,peak 2,peak 18,peak 20 and the chromaticity values (L,a,b)were the most important factors affecting the difference of raw and processed products of M. alba . When the E ranged 75.84-80.88 as the processing end-point of honey-processed M. alba ,the processing time was determined as 22-34 min. CONCLUSIONS : The established UPLC fingerprint and colorimetric value determination method can be used to identify the raw and processed products of M. alba as well as determine the processing end-point of honey-processed M. alba .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755600


Objective To evaluate the role of group Ⅱ metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in cognitive decline caused by multiple administrations of ketamine in mice and the relationship with hippocampal glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3β) expression.Methods Forty-five SPF healthy female C57BL/6 mice,aged 6-8 weeks,weighing 20-30 g,were randomized into 3 groups (n=15 each) using a random number table method:control group (group C),ketamine group (group K) and mGluR agonist LY354740 group (group L+K).In K and L+K groups,ketamine 30 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected three times a day at an 30-min interval for 14 consecutive days.LY354740 was intraperitoneally injected at 30 min before the first injection of ketamine in group L+K.The equal volume of normal saline was given instead in group C.Morris water maze test was performed the day after the last administration.The mice were then sacrificed,and hippocampi were harvested to determine the expression of GSK3β,NR2A and postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD95) by Western blot.Results Compared with group C,the escape latency was significantly prolonged,the time of staying at the original platform quadrant was shortened,the frequency of crossing the original platform was decreased,the expression of GSK3β3 and NR2A was up-regulated,and the expression of PSD95 was down-regulated in group K (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group L+K (P>0.05).Compared with group K,the escape latency was significantly shortened,the time of staying at the original platform quadrant was prolonged,the frequency of crossing the original platform was increased,the expression of GSK3β and NR2A was down-regulated,and the expression of PSD95 was up-regulated in group L+K (P<0.05).Conclusion Group Ⅱ mGluRs are involved in the process of cognitive decline caused by multiple administrations of ketamine in mice,which is associated with up-regulated expression of hippocampal GSK-3β.