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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1117-1123, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941409

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor and clopidogrel in elderly Chinese patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the real world. Methods: This study is a post-hoc analysis of a single center, retrospective cohort study. Between March 2016 and March 2018, elderly (age≥65) ACS patients who underwent PCI in the General Hospital of Northern Theater Command were included in the study. The patients were grouped according to P2Y12 receptor inhibitor. The primary endpoints of this study were ischemic events during the 2-year follow-up, which were defined as the composite of cardiac death, myocardial or stroke. The secondary efficiency endpoints included all-cause death and BARC 2, 3, 5 bleeding events. Results: A total of 4 022 elderly (mean age: (71.5±5.3) years) ACS patients were included in this study. Based on the choice of P2Y12 receptor inhibitor, patients were divided into clopidogrel (n=3 201) and ticagrelor (n=821) groups. Incidences of ischemic events (3.2% (26/821) vs. 5.6% (179/3 201), P=0.005) at 2 years were significantly lower in ticagrelor group compared to clopidogrel group. BARC 2, 3, 5 bleeding events (1.7% (14/821) vs. 1.6% (52/3 201), P=0.818) were comparable between the two groups. The incidence of all-cause death (1.5% (12/821) vs. 4.1% (132/3 201), P=0.005) were also lower in the ticagrelor group compared to the clopidogrel group. Clinical outcomes were consistent after adjusting for confounding factors, the incidence of ischemic events (HR= 0.637, 95%CI 0.409-0.991, P=0.046) and all-cause mortality (HR=0.402, 95%CI 0.213-0.758, P=0.005) was significantly lower in the ticagrelor group compared with the clopidogrel group. Risk of BARC 2, 3, 5 bleeding events were similar between the two groups (HR=0.957, 95%CI 0.496-1.848, P=0.897). Conclusion: In real-world clinical practice, for elderly patients with ACS undergoing PCI, ticagrelor use might reduce the incidence of long-term ischemic events and all-cause death without increasing the risk of bleeding.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Acute Coronary Syndrome/surgery , Clopidogrel/therapeutic use , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Ticagrelor/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1082-1088, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941405

ABSTRACT

Objective: To develop a set of data elements and standardized definitions of Coronary Artery Disease and Creative Antithrombotic Clinical Research Collaboration (CardiaCare), aiming to facilitate the exchange of disparate data sources, enhance the abilities to support multicenter researches, and subsequently ensure the databases use under standardized process and criteria. Methods: The Cardiacare writing committee members reviewed data elements and definitions from published guidelines, clinical trials, databases, and standardized documents, then determined the data elements and standardized definitions, which should be included in CardiaCare. The writing committee also considered the specific domestic clinical management strategies during the establishment of Cardiacare. The resulting documents provide a series of key data elements and standardized definitions used in the management of coronary artery disease patients. Key data elements from CardiaCare could be sorted by clinical management flowsheet and outcome from hospitalization to long-term follow-up. Results: The Cardiacare standardized set comprised 864 data elements from admission to post-hospital follow-up visit. There were 8 tables in the documents, including demographic and admission information (23 elements), medical history and risk factors (102 elements), clinical presentations and diagnosis (22 elements), diagnostic and laboratory tests (111 elements), interventional diagnosis and treatment (118 elements), pharmacological therapy (213 elements), clinical outcomes (161 elements), and special subpopulations (114 elements: 87 elements for transcatheter valve replacement and 27 elements with cardiac rehabilitation). Conclusions: The Cardiacare standardized data elements set could provide support for real-world clinical research in consecutive data collection and databases mining. A wider applicability in various settings of CardiaCare needs to be explored further.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiac Rehabilitation , Coronary Artery Disease/drug therapy , Fibrinolytic Agents
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 143-149, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941250

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the medication compliance for secondary prevention drugs and long-term prognosis of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between hospitals in different regions of China. Methods: The Optimal Antiplatelet Therapy for Chinese Patients with Coronary Artery Disease (OPT-CAD) study was a prospective, multi-center and registered study. Patients diagnosed as ACS and underwent PCI in OPT-CAD study were selected. Taking the Yangtze River as the dividing line between the south and the north of China, these patients were divided into two groups according to the hospitals where the patients visited, namely the southerns region group (n=1 958) and the northerns region group (n=5 091). In order to reduce selection bias and potential confounding factors, the patients in the two groups were matched by the tendency score, and the patients in the two groups were matched by the 1: 1 nearest match method according to the tendency score. The main endpoint of this study was the major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) occurring within 5 years after discharge, namely the composite endpoint of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and/or ischemic stroke. Secondary endpoints were all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, and type 2, 3, and 5 bleeding events defined by the Academic Research Consortium on Hemorrhage (BARC) within 5 years. The secondary preventive drugs was recorded, including antiplatelet drugs, statins, beta blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensinⅡreceptor blockers (ACEI/ARB), etc. Before and after the matching, the secondary preventive medication and the incidence of clinical events of the two groups were compared. Results: A total of 7 049 ACS patients, including 1 958 patients in the southern region group and 5 091 patients in the northern region group were enrolled in this study. There were 5 319 males (37.9%), and the aged was (60.7±6.7) years. After propensity score matching, there were 1 324 cases in each group. Before matching, in the northern region group, the proportion of smoking, hypertension and diabetes, previous history (myocardial infarction, PCI and stroke) and family history of coronary heart disease were higher (all P<0.05). The proportion of complex lesions, diffuse lesions, small vessel lesions and thrombotic lesions in the northern region group was higher than that in the southern region group (all P<0.05). Sixty months after discharge, the antiplatelet patterns were quite different between patients in the northern and southern region group (P<0.001). The proportion of clopidogrel monotherapy in the southern region group was higher than that in the northern region group (9.8% (130/1324) vs. 1.1% (14/1324)), while the proportion of aspirin monotherapy in the northern region group was higher than that in the southern region group (67.4% (893/1324) vs. 46.5% (616/1324)). As for the use of other secondary prophylactic drugs, the proportion of patients in southern region group receiving beta blockers (24.5% (325/1324) vs. 16.8% (222/1324), P<0.001) and ACEI/ARB (19.4% (257/1324) vs. 10.0% (133/1324), P<0.001) was higher than that in northern region group. After matching, the incidence of MACCE (8.4%(111/1 324) vs.6.2% (82/1 324), P=0.030) and BARC 2, 3 and 5 bleeding (6.0% (80/1 324) vs. 4.0% (53/1 324), P=0.020) was higher in patients in northern region group. Conclusions: ACS patients who undergo PCI in northern area hospital is at higher prevalence of comorbidities and complicated coronary artery lesions compared to patients in the southern area hospital, and the drug compliance is worse than that in southern area, and the prognosis is also relatively poor.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/drug therapy , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , China , Medication Adherence , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Secondary Prevention , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 111-117, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941069

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the long-term prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) by risk stratification with American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) classification of coronary lesions. Methods: Data used in this study derived from the I-LOVE-IT 2 trial. I-LOVE-IT 2 trial was a prospective, multicenter, randomized, assessor-blinded, noninferiority study. A total of 1 255 patients in I-LOVE-IT 2 trial with only one lesion and underwent biodegradable polymer drug-eluting stent implantation were included and grouped according to ACC/AHA classification of coronary lesions, namely type A/B1 lesion group (n=184), type B2 lesion group (n=457) and type C lesion group (n=614). The primary endpoint was 48-month patient-oriented composite endpoint (PoCE), a composite of all-cause mortality, all myocardial infarction, stroke, and/or any revascularization. The secondary endpoints were target lesion failure (TLF), components of PoCE, major bleeding (bleeding academic research consortium(BARC) type 3-5) and definite/probable stent thrombosis within 48 months. The incidences of endpoint events were compared in the three groups. The multivariable Cox hazard ratio model was used to analyze the independent predictors of PoCE and TLF at 48 months. Results: Incidences of PoCE at 48 months were significantly higher in patients with type C lesion compared with patients with type A/B1 (24.43%(150/614) vs. 14.13%(26/184), P<0.05) or B2 lesion (24.43%(150/614) vs. 15.97%(73/457), P<0.05). The multivariable Cox hazard ratio model showed that the type C lesion were the independent predictors of 48-month PoCE (HR=1.59, 95%CI 1.21-2.08, P<0.001) and TLF (HR=2.31, 95%CI 1.53-3.49, P<0.001). After multivariable adjustment, the HRs of PoCE for patients with type C lesion versus type A/B1 and type B2 were 1.91 (95%CI 1.25-2.92, P=0.003) and 1.64 (95%CI 1.23-2.20, P<0.001), respectively. Meanwhile, the HRs of TLF for patients with type C lesion versus type A/B1 and type B2 were 2.45 (95%CI 1.29-4.64, P=0.006) and 2.55 (95%CI 1.62-4.02, P=0.001), respectively. Conclusions: The ACC/AHA classification of coronary lesions has good discrimination with long-term outcomes for CAD patients undergoing PCI. The type C lesion is associated with a worse prognosis, enough attention should be paid in these patients during routine clinical management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Agents , Coronary Artery Disease , Drug-Eluting Stents , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Sirolimus , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702309

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the eff cacy and safety of 6-month and 12-month dual antiplatelet therapy(DAPT)after implantation of biodegradable polymer-drug eluting stents(BP-DES) in elderly patients. Methods This study was a subgroup analysis of the I-LOVE-IT 2 trial, which was a prospectively randomized study enrolling 2737 patients receiving either a BP-SES or a DP-SES in a 2:1 ratio. This studied further divided the patients who were randomized to the BP-SES group,whose age ≥ 65 year old, in a 1:1 ratio to receive a 6-month DAPT (n=319) or 12-month DAPT (n=308)randomly before the index PCI. The primary end point of this study was 12-month target lesion failure (FhF, including cardiac death,target vessel myocardial infarction and clinically indicated target lesion revascularization)and the secondary end points was 12-month net adverse clinical and cerebral events (including all-cause death, all myocardial infarction, stroke and all bleeding). Results Rates of TLF at 12 months were 7.1% in the 6-month DAPT group and 7.2% in the 12-month DAPT group (P=0.980). No diff erences were observed in the occurrence of events in the secondary endpoint at 12 months follow-up between the 6-month DAPT group and 12-months DAPT group(14.1% versus 13.0%, P=0.726). There were no signifi cant diff erences in stent thrombosis or bleeding complications between the 2 groups. Conclusions This study shorted that 6-month DAPT did not increase the risk of TLF at 12 months after implantation of DES in elderly patients compared with 12-month DAPT. Elderly patients are at high risk of bleeding and ischemic events and study show that 6-month DAPT would be adequate. These results need to be confi rmed with trials of scale in the future.

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