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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 135-148, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922460

ABSTRACT

Hyperaldosteronism is a common disease that is closely related to endocrine hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases. Cytochrome P450 11B2 (CYP11B2), an important enzyme in aldosterone (ALD) synthesis, is a promising target for the treatment of hyperaldosteronism. However, selective inhibitors targeting CYP11B2 are still lacking due to the high similarity with CYP11B1. In this study, atractylenolide-I (AT-I) was found to significantly reduce the production of ALD but had no effect on cortisol synthesis, which is catalyzed by CYP11B1. Chemical biology studies revealed that due to the presence of Ala320, AT-I is selectively bound to the catalytic pocket of CYP11B2, and the C8/C9 double bond of AT-I can be epoxidized, which then undergoes nucleophilic addition with the sulfhydryl group of Cys450 in CYP11B2. The covalent binding of AT-I disrupts the interaction between heme and CYP11B2 and inactivates CYP11B2, leading to the suppression of ALD synthesis; AT-I shows a significant therapeutic effect for improving hyperaldosteronism.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 700-706, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922885

ABSTRACT

In order to research the mechanism of guiding action of borneol in Suxiaojiuxin pills, the model of in vitro intestinal absorption, in vivo drug metabolism of mice and cell in vitro absorption model of Caco-2 were established firstly. All animal experiments were in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of Nankai University. The results showed that the cumulative absorption quantity and absorption permeability of ferulic acid and ligustilide in the intestinal juice of Suxiaojiuxin pills group were significantly increased comparing with fake Suxiaojiuxin pills group, which don't contain borneol. By using borneol, the content of ferulic acid and ligustilide in the blood and tissues, such as heart, were added. The transepithelial resistance value and the content of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) in Caco-2 were rapidly decreased and increased, respectively. Due to further explore mechanism of promoting intestinal absorption of borneol for drugs, in this study, photosensitive probes of borneol were synthesized to capture its targets, and dual luciferase reporter system was used to evaluate its activity of calcium. It was found that it could make calcium overload by regulating transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily M, member 8 (TrpM8). Then, the results of mass spectrometry imaging showed that the accumulation of ferulic acid in the heart was significantly increased by borneol, and the relaxation rate of rat thoracic aorta was enhanced obviously. In summary, the borneol in Suxiaojiuxin pills can expand cell space and increase intestinal permeability by acting on TrpM8, thus promoting the intestinal absorption, tissue distribution and target organ enrichment of drugs.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908358

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics and prognosis of children with inborn error of immunity (IEI) onset in the neonatal period.Methods:The clinical data of 21 cases of IEI neonates admitted to the Neonatal Center of Beijing Children′s Hospital were collected, and their clinical manifestations, peripheral blood test characteristics, genetic diagnosis, and primary disease during hospitalization were collected.The prognosis follow-up results were summarized and analyzed.Results:Twenty-one children with IEI were finally diagnosed by whole exome sequencing, including 15 cases of primary immunodeficiency(including 6 cases of chronic granulomatous disease, 3 cases of DiGeogre syndrome, 2 cases of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, 2 cases of severe combined immunodeficiency disease, 1 case of selective IgA deficiency, and 1 case of ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency), 5 cases of infantile inflammatory bowel disease, and 1 case of familial haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis.Clinical manifestations of sepsis and colitis were the most common(accounting for 12/21), and 16/21 of the children had an increase in the absolute value of eosinophils(>0.5×10 9/L). Children received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation accounted for 7/21, and the median time of receiving transplantation was 11 months after birth.By the time of follow-up, the primary disease remission after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation accounted for 5/7.Among them, 2 cases were diagnosed with CGD associated inflammatory bowel disease before transplantation, and the primary disease resolved after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.Of the 14 children who did not receive hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, 10 children died.Five of the 11 deaths were treated with systematic steroid before diagnosised. Conclusion:The clinical manifestations of IEI in the neonatal period are not specific.Sepsis and colitis are the most common manifestations.Most of the cases have elevated eosinophils in the peripheral blood.Systematic streoid therapy needs to be cautious, and timely evaluation for hematopoietic stem cells transplantation is an effective option to resolution.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905060

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Baihutang on blood glucose, blood lipid metabolism and vascular remodeling in type 2 diabetic rats and its regulation on insulin receptor substrate-1(IRS-1)/ phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase(PI3K)/ protein kinase B(Akt) signal pathway. Method:The 90 rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, Baihutang low, middle and high dose groups and metformin group, with 15 rats in each group. Except for normal group, the other rats were injected intraperitoneally with streptozotocin to establish the model of type 2 diabetes. The rats in the low, middle and high dose groups were given Baihutang formula granules of 5, 10, 20 g·kg-1 respectively according to their body weight. The positive control group was given metformin (100 mg·kg-1) by intragastric administration, while those in the control group and model group were given the same amount of normal saline once a day for 12 weeks. The levels of fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, serum tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-1 β(IL-1β), total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C) were measured after administration. The levels of sterol regulatory element binding protein 1C (SREBP1C), acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACC), fatty acid synthase gene (FASN) and carnitine palmitoyl transferase 1A (CPT1A), acylcoa oxidase 1(ACOX1), recombinant human acylcoa dehydrogenase (ACADM) mRNA in liver of rats were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR), Western blot was used to detect the protein levels of IRS-1, PI3K and Akt in liver of rats. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used for histopathological examination of rat thoracic aortic vessels. The migration ability of vascular smooth muscle cells in rat thoracic aorta was detected by scratch test. Result:Compared with the normal group, the fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, serum TNF-α, IL-6,IL-1β, TC,TG and LDL-C levels, liver lipid synthesis gene mRNA level and vascular smooth muscle cell migration ability of thoracic aorta in model group were significantly higher than those in normal group (P<0.05), while fatty acid oxidation gene mRNA level and IRS-1,PI3K,Akt protein level in liver were significantly decreased in model group (P<0.05). The vascular wall thickness of thoracic aorta increased significantly in rats (P<0.05). Compared with model group, the levels of fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, serum TNF-α,IL-6, IL-1β, TC, TG and LDL-C, the level of lipid synthesis gene mRNA in liver and the migration ability of vascular smooth muscle cells in thoracic aorta of rats in all Baihutang groups were significantly lower than those in model group (P<0.05). The mRNA level of fatty acid oxidation gene and the protein levels of IRS-1, PI3K and Akt in liver were significantly increased(P<0.05), and the histopathology of thoracic aorta was significantly improved and the vascular wall thickness decreased significantly(P<0.05). Conclusion:Baihutang can reduce the levels of blood glucose, blood lipid and serum inflammatory factors in type 2 diabetic rats, regulate the expression of genes related to lipid metabolism in liver, and improve the histopathology and vascular remodeling of thoracic aorta. The mechanism may be related to the regulation of IRS-1/PI3K/Akt signal pathway.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885139

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution of uric acid in different occupation, age and gender groups, and changes of prevalence of hyperuricemia (HUA) and its influencing factors in healthy adults who receiving physical examination in Nanjing.Methods:The study was conducted in 107 478 subjects who received physical examination from 2012 to 2016. The prevalence of HUA in different genders and different years was compared. Subjects were divided into non-HUA and HUA groups according to serum uric acid. The differences in metabolic indicators and ages between two groups were analyzed. Uric acid levels among different occupations were evaluated. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the odds ratios ( OR) of HUA. Results:The total HUA prevalence was 14.9%, in which the prevalence of HUA in men was significantly higher than that in women [20.5%(15217/74339)vs .2.5%(818/33139), P<0.01]. The prevalence of HUA in men sustained at a high level, while that in women trended to decrease during the five years. The prevalence of HUA increased with age in women (1.0%, 0.7%, 0.9%, 2.7%, 3.8% and 9.6% in subjects within 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69 and ≥70 age groups, respectively, Pfor trend<0.01). The percentages of hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes, and body mass index (BMI) in both men and women were significantly higher in HUA group than those in non-HUA group ( P≤0.01). Among all occupations, subjects in health care had the lowest levels of uric acid (298±91 μmol/L) and prevalence of HUA (10.4%), while, those in public security had the highest levels of uric acid [(342±82) μmol/L] and prevalence (16.5%). Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that males, high triacylglycerol, high cholesterol, obesity and certain occupation were significantly associated with HUA. Conclusions:The prevalence of HUA in men is significantly higher than that in women. It increased with ages in women. Subjects in health occupations had the lowest levels of uric acid and HUA prevalence, while, those in public security had the highest levels among the six occupations. Obesity, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, occupations and males are positively associated with HUA.

6.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 214-220, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888411

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Previous studies usually examine the associations between psychological distresses and quality of life (QOL) with a variable-centred approach, while little is known about the effect of the individual variance in time-varying changes of psychological distresses on QOL. Therefore, this study aimed to examine whether individual variance in psychological distresses during the early phases post-earthquake would develop different QOL's levels among adolescent survivors 10-year after the Wenchuan earthquake.@*METHODS@#Data were extracted from the Wenchuan Earthquake Adolescent Health Cohort Study. The current study included 744 adolescent survivors who effectively completed surveys at 6 months, 24 months, and 10 years after the earthquake. Self-report questionnaires were administered to collect information on socio-demographic characteristics, earthquake exposure, life events, anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), and QOL. Data were analysed using hierarchical multiple regression.@*RESULTS@#Trajectories of psychological distresses were classified as follow: resistance (anxiety 40.73%; depression 54.70%; PTSS 74.46%), recovery (anxiety 17.20%; depression 9.27%; PTSS 10.35%), delayed dysfunction (anxiety 10.35%; depression 18.15%; PTSS 6.18%), and chronicity (anxiety 31.72%; depression 17.88%; PTSS 9.01%). After controlling covariates, hierarchical multiple regression only revealed that the anxiety trajectory with delayed dysfunction remained significantly predictive for four domains of QOL (physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment).@*CONCLUSION@#The current study highlights the importance of focusing on the variations in trajectories of anxiety symptoms among disaster survivors and providing individualized mental health services to improve survivors' QOL.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1555-1560, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922294

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the genotypes and composition ratio of thalassemia in couples of reproductive age, and provide a reference for the prevention and control of thalassemia in Haikou.@*METHODS@#Gene diagnosis was performed in 2 494 subjects who were screened for thalassemia before marriage or prenatal by cross-breakpoint PCR, PCR-reverse dot hybridization, and PCR-electrophoresis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1 037 thalassemia gene carriers were detected in 2 494 samples, with a detection rate of 41.57%, of which 75.02% was α-thalassemia, 18.61% was β-thalassemia, and 6.36% was α-β complex thalassemia. There were 778 cases of α-thalassemia, mainly of deletion type, accounting for 76.99% (599/778). Twenty genotypes were detected, the highest three was --@*CONCLUSION@#In Haikou city, the gene carrying rate of thalassemia is very high, and the genotype distribution is different from other cities in Hainan Province, attention should be paid to the impact of population inflow on the frequency spectrum change of local thalassemia gene.


Subject(s)
Cities , Female , Genetic Testing , Genotype , Humans , Pregnancy , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1923-1928, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922225

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the characteristics of platelet antibody in patients with hematological diseases, so as to research the effect of immunized platelet transfusion refractoriness (PTR) on the prognosis of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recepients with malignant hematological diseases patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of platelet antibody positive patients tested by Capture-P in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from July 1, 2014 to July 1, 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including sex, age, disease, platelet transfusion assessments, CD34@*RESULTS@#In 5 years, 913 (7.28%) hematologic patients with platelet antibody positive were identified, the detection rate of females (513 cases) were higher than males (400 cases). Among the 913 patients, the antibody positive rates of 520 patients with malignant hematological diseases (acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome) showed significantly statistical different (10.27%, 8.01%, and 7.20%) (P<0.01), and the positive rate of the acute myeloid leukemia of those patients was higher than myelodysplastic syndrome patients(α<0.0125). There were 35 cases diagnosed as immunized PTR before allo-HSCT, the platelet increments, 14 h correct count increment, progression-free survival rate and overall survival rate of those patients were significantly lower than those in negative transfusion effective patients (P<0.01), while the percentage of ABO matching was significantly higher (α<0.0125).@*CONCLUSION@#The positive rate of platelet antibody identification is high in females and acute myeloid leukemia patients, and immunized PTR caused by antibody is a risk factor for poor prognosis of allo-HSCT in malignant hematological disease patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Male , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Platelet Transfusion , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3675-3684, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921456

ABSTRACT

Biodegradation of polyurethane (PUR) pollutants by microorganisms has received widespread attention currently. Identification of microorganisms capable of efficiently degrading PUR plastics is a key point. In this study, a strain P10 capable of degrading PUR was isolated from the plastic wastes, and identified as a bacterium belonging to the genus of Brevibacillus based on colony morphology and 16S rDNA phylogenetic analysis. Brevibacillus sp. P10 was capable of degrading 71.4% of waterborne polyurethane (Impranil DLN) after 6 days growth in MSM medium with DLN as a sole carbon source. In addition, strain P10 can use commercial PUR foam as the sole carbon source for growth. Brevibacillus sp. P10 can degrade 50 mg PUR foam after 6 days growth in MSM medium supplemented with 5% (V/V) LB after optimization of degradation conditions. This indicates that Brevibacillus sp. P10 has potential to be used in biodegradation of PUR waste.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Biodegradation, Environmental , Phylogeny , Polyurethanes
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3414-3424, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921438

ABSTRACT

With the transformation and revolution of the global plastics recycling system, recycling and upcycling of mixed plastics waste not only reduces the carbon emissions of plastics during its life cycle, but also addresses its potential ecological and environmental hazards. This article summarizes an international cooperation project, "MIXed plastics biodegradation and UPcycling using microbial communities" (MIX-UP) which was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China and the European Union (NSFC-EU) in 2019. The consortium of MIX-UP consists of 14 partners from European Union and China. Focusing on the global issue of "plastics pollution", this Sino-European MIX-UP project took the mixed waste of petroleum-based plastics (PP, PE, PUR, PET and PS) and bio-based plastics (PLA and PHA) as starting materials for biotechnological conversion into value-added, sustainable biomaterials. MIX-UP has three subprojects: 1) identification of plastics biodegradation pathway and design & engineering of key degrading elements, 2) construction and functional regulation of microbial consortia/enzyme cocktails with high-efficiency for degradation of plastics mixtures, 3) strategy of design and utilization of plastics degradation products for production of high value materials. Through NSFC-EU complementary and cross-disciplinary cooperation, MIX-UP proposes the engineering of a new-to-nature biological route for upcycling, a low carbon and sustainable bio-treatment that is different from the traditional physico-chemical treatment, which will empower the recycling industry to a new dimension. The implementation of the project will not only help to promote innovation and development in the field of biotechnology in China, but also contribute to the achievement of China's carbon neutral goal.


Subject(s)
Biodegradation, Environmental , Biotechnology , Carbon , European Union , Microbiota , Plastics
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879640

ABSTRACT

Two cases of type Ⅱ odontoid fractures were reported to share our experience in surgery treatment of such cases. A 33-year-old woman with comminuted type Ⅱ odontoid fracture and a 42-year-old man with fracture end hardened type Ⅱ odontoid fracture received surgical treatment in our hospital. Though imaging examination suggested that these two patients were suitable for anterior screw fixation, we encountered difficulties during the operation. The two patients eventually underwent posterior C

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878916

ABSTRACT

This study cloned the transcription factor gene PnbHLH which held an open reading frame of 966 bp encoding 321 amino acids. This study constructed the overexpression vector of transcription factor PnbHLH of Panax notoginseng. The combination of PnbHLH overexpression and RNAi of the key enzyme gene PnCAS involved in the phytosterol biosynthesis was achieved in P. notoginseng cells, thus exploring the biosynthetic regulation of P. notoginseng saponins(PNS) by the synergistic effect of PnbHLH overexpression and PnCAS RNAi. The results showed that the PnbHLH transcription factor interacted with the promoters of key enzyme genes PnDS, PnSS and PnSE in the biosynthetic pathway of PNS, and then regulated the expression levels of key enzyme genes and affected the biosynthesis of saponins indirectly. Further study indicated that the synergistic effect of PnbHLH overexpression and PnCAS RNAi was a more effective approach to regulate the biosynthesis of saponins. Compared with the wild type and PnCAS RNAi cells of P. notoginseng, the contents of total saponins and monomeric saponins(Rd, Rb_1, Re, Rg_1 and R_1) were increased to some extent in the cell lines of PnbHLH overexpression and PnCAS RNAi. This indicated that the two ways of forward regulation and reverse regulation of saponin biosynthesis showed superposition effect. This study explored a more rational and efficient regulation strategy of PNS biosynthesis based on the advantages of multi-point regulation of transcription factors as well as the down-regulation of by-product synthesis of saponins.


Subject(s)
Intramolecular Transferases , Panax notoginseng , RNA Interference , Saponins , Transcription Factors/genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878705

ABSTRACT

The application of artificial intelligence in the field of primary health care can effectively improve diagnosis and treatment,avoid over-examination and over-medication,and make up for the shortage of high-quality medical resources in primary medical and health institutions.Focusing on the application of artificial intelligence in the field of primary health care,this paper analyzes the existing application modes and typical cases,studies its main stakeholders,interest demands and problems,and provides corresponding suggestions.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Primary Health Care
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1697-1720, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878662

ABSTRACT

Tetracarbon organic acids are important platform chemicals that are widely used in the food, chemical, medicine, material industries and agriculture. Compared with the traditional petrochemical process, the production of tetracarbon organic acids by microbial fermentation is more promising due to milder reaction conditions, greener process and better environmental compatibility. This review summarizes the biosynthetic pathways and metabolic mechanisms for the production of tetracarbon organic acids, and illustrates recent advances, challenges, and future perspectives in the production of tetracarbon organic acids by naturally selected or purposefully engineered strains.


Subject(s)
Acids , Biosynthetic Pathways , Fermentation , Metabolic Engineering , Organic Chemicals
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 541-560, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878581

ABSTRACT

Nano-metallic materials are playing an important role in the application of medicine, catalysis, antibacterial and anti-toxin due to their obvious advantages, including nanocrystalline strengthening effect, high photo-absorptivity, high surface energy and single magnetic region performance. In recent years, with the increasing consumption of global petrochemical resources and the aggravation of environmental pollution, nanomaterials based on bio-based molecules have aroused great concern. Bio-based molecules refer to small molecules and macromolecules directly or indirectly derived from biomass. They usually have good biocompatibility, low toxicity, degradability, wide source and low price. Besides, most bio-based molecules have unique physical, chemical properties and physiological activity, such as optical activity, acid/alkali amphoteric property, hydrophilic property and easy coordination with metal ions. Thus, the corresponding nano-materials based on bio-based molecules also have unique functions, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-oxidation, antiviral fall blood sugar and blood fat etc. In this paper, we give a comprehensive overview of the preparation and application of nano-metallic materials based on bio-based molecules in recent years.


Subject(s)
Anti-Infective Agents , Catalysis , Metals , Nanostructures
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878338

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Exposure to microgravity results in postflight cardiovascular deconditioning in astronauts. Vascular oxidative stress injury and mitochondrial dysfunction have been reported during this process. To elucidate the mechanism for this condition, we investigated whether mitochondrial oxidative stress regulates calcium homeostasis and vasoconstriction in hindlimb unweighted (HU) rat cerebral arteries.@*Methods@#Three-week HU was used to simulate microgravity in rats. The contractile responses to vasoconstrictors, mitochondrial fission/fusion, Ca @*Results@#An increase of cytoplasmic Ca @*Conclusion@#The present results suggest that mitochondrial oxidative stress enhances cerebral vasoconstriction by regulating calcium homeostasis during simulated microgravity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium/metabolism , Cerebral Arteries , Homeostasis , Male , Mitochondria/physiology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/physiology , Oxidative Stress , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vasoconstriction/physiology , Weightlessness Simulation
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871985

ABSTRACT

Objective:To search for circulating complement-related proteins that predict hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) based on reports of the development of gestational hypertension and proteinuria and to investigate the role of the complement system in the development of HDP.Methods:A nested case-control study was used, the serum samples of pregnant women who had been given birth or cesarean section in Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center from November 2014 to March 2017 were collected. A total of 60 HDP and 60 normal pregnant women were included and matched 1∶1 by age and gestational week. Unlabeled mass spectrometry was used to screen the differential expression of complement factors in serum samples of 12 pairs of HDP patients and normal pregnancy collected before 20 weeks of pregnancy, and another 48 pairs of serum samples of HDP patients and normal pregnant women were used for preliminary verification. It was selected when the fold change (FC) of complement factor expression was>1.2 or <0.8 and P<0.05. ROC curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of corresponding factors. Results:FC of serum C1s, C8 beta chain (C8β) and C1 inhibitor (C1-INH) of HDP patients were 1.19, 1.23, 0.73 ( t=2.07, 2.06, -3.40; P<0.05), respectively. FC of serum C1s, C8 β, C1-INH, factor H-related protein 5 (CFHR5), clusterin (CLU), and C-reactive protein (CRP) of PE patients were 1.39, 1.50, 0.72, 2.49,4.38, and 1.82 respectively ( t=4.36, 5.61, -3.70, 6.82, 8.70, 7.27; P<0.05).The AUC of combining C1s, C8 β and C1-INH was 0.89 in HDP. The AUC of CFHR5, CLU, and CRP in preeclampsia was 0.88, 0.92, and 0.91. Conclusions:Before HDP, the activation and regulation of classic complement pathway and alternative pathway were disordered in pregnant women. The combined detection of complement C1s, C8 β and C1-INH is expected to be used in the prediction of HDP, and CFHR5, CLU, and CRP are expected to be used in the prediction of preeclampsia.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871102

ABSTRACT

Galectin-9 (Gal-9) is a member of the lectin family expressed in NK cells, dendritic cells, macrophages, T helper cells, regulatory T cells, etc. T cell immunoglobulin domain and mucin domain-3 (Tim-3) interact with ligand Gal-9 mediating different immune regulatory effects in different immune cells. This Tim-3/Gal-9 pathway is associated with various conditions, such as autoimmune diseases, tumors, virus infections, and pregnancy-related diseases. This paper reviews the role of the Tim-3/Gal-9 pathway in maintaining immune tolerance in pregnancy by regulating innate and adaptive immune responses and its potential as a new target for immunotherapy in pregnancy-related diseases.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871090

ABSTRACT

Objective:To have a better understanding of congenital leukemia by summarizing its clinical features and prognosis.Methods:This study retrospectively recruited 10 neonates with congenital leukemia treated in Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2006 to December 2018. Clinical data including clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, treatment and follow-up were described.Results:The 10 patients consisted of six boys and four girls. In all cases, symptoms presented within 11 d after birth. The admission complaints were jaundice ( n=4), polypnea ( n=3), fever ( n=2) and rash ( n=2). Physical examinations of the 10 patients showed eight with splenomegaly, seven with hepatomegaly and seven with petechia/skin rash. All patients had significantly increased white blood cell count (from 45.8×10 9/L to 553.0×10 9/L), complicated by different degrees of anemia and thrombocytopenia. By bone marrow biopsy, two cases were diagnosed as acute lymphoblastic leukemia and the other eight cases as acute myeloid leukemia. All cases refused chemotherapy on the preliminary diagnosis. Three cases lost follow-up and six died within two months after discharge requested by their parents. One baby had spontaneous remission, but relapsed two years later. Complete remission was achieved after strict management and no relapse was reported until ten years old. Conclusions:Congenital leukemia is a severe condition with high mortality. Some cases may achieve spontaneous remission, but long-term follow-up is needed.

20.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1145-1148, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866978

ABSTRACT

Acute poisoning induced cardiac arrest (APCA) is an acute circulatory failure caused by severe poisoning, which is characterized by complicated mechanisms, limited treatment methods and poor prognosis. Recently, emerging evidence has demonstrated that extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) could be a promising tool that may benefit the patients with APCA refractory to conventional resuscitation methods. However, further well-designed studies are needed to evaluate and resolve the emerged problems during the process of ECMO therapy in patients with APCA, such as population indications, optimal conditions, cost-effectiveness, etc. Therefore, this article reviews the epidemiology and mechanism of APCA, and the experimental and clinical studies of the application of ECMO in APCA, in order to explore the clinical value of ECMO in the treatment of APCA patients.

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