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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013604

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of quercetin on the aging model of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells established under microgravity. Methods Using 3D gyroscope, a aging model of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells was constructed, and after receiving quercetin and microgravity treatment, the anti-aging effect of the quercetin was evaluated by detecting related proteins and oxidation indexes. Results Compared to the control group, the expressions of age-related proteins p21, pi6, p53 and RB in the microgravity group significantly increased, while the expressions of cyclin D1 and lamin B1 significantly decreased, with statistical significance (P<0.05). In the microgravity group, mitochondrial membrane potential significantly decreased (P<0.05), ROS accumulation significantly increased (P <0.05), SOD content significantly decreased and MDA content significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared to the microgravity group, the expressions of age-related proteins p21, pi6, p53 and RB in the quercetin group significantly decreased, while the expressions of cyclin D1 and lamin B1 significantly increased, with statistical significance (P<0.05). In the quercetin group, mitochondrial membrane potential significantly increased (P<0.05), ROS accumulation significantly decreased (P<0.05), SOD content significantly increased and MDA content significantly decreased (P<0.05). Conclusions Quercetin can resist oxidation, protect mitochondrial function and normal cell cycle, thus delaying the aging of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells induced by microgravity.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of comprehensive rhinoplasty with autogenous costal cartilage grafting and prosthesis augmentation rhinoplasty in the treatment of secondary nasal deformity with saddle nasal deformity after cleft lip surgery.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 96 patients with secondary nasal deformity with saddle nasal deformity after cleft lip surgery between September 2008 and January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 17 males and 79 females with an average age of 25.6 years (range, 17-38 years). Autogenous costal cartilage grafts were used to construct stable nasal tip framework and enhance the strength of alar cartilage. Nasal dorsum prostheses (39 cases of bulge, 45 cases of silicone prosthesis) or autogenous costal cartilage (12 cases) were used for comprehensive rhinoplasty. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to evaluate the postoperative satisfaction subjectively, and nasal alar height symmetry index, nasal alar width symmetry index, nasal dorsum central axis deviation angle, and nasal columella deviation angle were calculated to evaluate objectively before and after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up 6 months to 8 years, with an average of 13.4 months. Nasal septal hematoma occurred in 3 patients after operation, which was improved after local aspiration and nasal pressure packing. Two cases had mild deformation of the rib cartilage graft of the nasal dorsum, one of which had no obvious deviation of the nasal dorsum and was not given special treatment, and one case underwent the cartilage graft of the nasal dorsum removed and replaced with silicone prosthesis. The incisions of the other patients healed by first intention, and there was no complication such as postoperative infection and prosthesis displacement. The nasal alar height symmetry index, nasal alar width symmetry index, nasal dorsum central axis deviation angle, and nasal columella deviation angle significantly improved after operation when compared with preoperative ones ( P<0.05). Postoperative subjective satisfaction evaluation reached the level of basic satisfaction or above, and most of them were very satisfied.@*CONCLUSION@#Comprehensive rhinoplasty using autologous rib cartilage grafting to construct a stable nasal tip support, combined with dorsal nasal prosthesis or autologous cartilage implantation, can achieve good effectiveness on secondary nasal deformity with saddle nasal deformity after cleft lip surgery.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Rhinoplasty , Cleft Lip/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Nose/surgery , Nasal Septum/surgery , Nasal Cartilages/surgery , Silicones , Treatment Outcome
3.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2023 Jun; 71(6): 2448-2454
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225120

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Understanding the association between social determinants of health (SDoHs) and microbial keratitis (MK) can inform underlying risk for patients and identify risk factors associated with worse disease, such as presenting visual acuity (VA) and time to initial presentation. Methods: This was a cross?sectional study was conducted with patients presenting with MK to the cornea clinic at a tertiary care hospital in Madurai, India. Patient demographics, SDoH survey responses, geographic pollution, and clinical features at presentation were collected. Descriptive statistics, univariate analysis, multi?variable linear regression models, and Poisson regression models were utilized. Results: There were 51 patients evaluated. The mean age was 51.2 years (SD = 13.3); 33.3% were female and 55% did not visit a vision center (VC) prior to presenting to the clinic. The median presenting logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) VA was 1.1 [Snellen 20/240, inter?quartile range (IQR) = 20/80 to 20/4000]. The median time to presentation was 7 days (IQR = 4.5 to 10). The average particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) concentration, a measure of air pollution, for the districts from which the patients traveled was 24.3 ?g/m3 (SD = 1.6). Age? and sex?adjusted linear regression and Poisson regression results showed that higher levels of PM2.5 were associated with 0.28 worse presenting logMAR VA (Snellen 2.8 lines, P = 0.002). Patients who did not visit a VC had a 100% longer time to presentation compared to those who did (incidence rate ratio = 2.0, 95% confidence interval = 1.3–3.0, P = 0.001). Conclusion: Patient SDoH and environmental exposures can impact MK presentation. Understanding SDoH is important for public health and policy implications to mitigate eye health disparities in India.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1935-1942, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998468

ABSTRACT

AIM: To report 5 cases with drug-induced bilateral acute ciliochoroidal effusion(DBACE)and myopic shift, with or without ocular hypertension(OHT), summarize patients' clinical characteristics and recovery process of DBACE, and investigate the possible pathophysiological mechanism.METHODS:A retrospective observational case study conducted from June 2017 to February 2021. The included patients were subjected to a series of ocular examinations listed as follows: 1)best corrected visual acuity; 2)intraocular pressure(IOP); 3)slit-lamp microscopy; 4)fundus photography; 5)ultrasound biomicroscopy(UBM); 6)subjective optometry; 7)axial length and anterior chamber depth. All patients were followed up every 2d until the diopters were completely restored to the state before the disease onset.RESULTS:In total, 5 patients aged 10-45 years old, including 3 female and 2 male patients, were enrolled in this study. All patients were bilaterally involved(5/5), and had myopic shift(5/5), of whom 3 patients had OHT(3/5). With the increase of age, myopic shift decreased, while OHT increased. Based on OHT, the dynamic aggravation process of DBACE was subdivided into 2 stages, stage 1(myopic shift without OHT)and stage 2(myopic shift with OHT). With the deterioration of DBACE, when myopic shift approached or exceeded the minimum amplitude of accommodation(MAA), IOP gradually rose, and DBACE progressed from stage 1 to stage 2. With the recovery of DBACE after discontinuing the suspicious drugs, DBACE in stage 2 first returned to stage 1, and then returned to normal.CONCLUSION:Pathophysiological mechanism of DBACE was subdivided into 2 stages, including stage 1(myopic shift without OHT)and stage 2(myopic shift with OHT). The transition between the two stages depends on the imbalance between myopic shift and MAA.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981725

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the enhancement of macrophage chemotaxis in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and its correlation with the disease severity.@*METHODS@#Eighty patients with KOA admitted from July 2019 to June 2022 were enrolled as the observation group and divided into 29 cases of moderate group, 30 cases of severe group and 21 cases of extremely severe group. At the same time, 30 healthy subjects were included as the control group. The gene expressions of NF-κB, CXC chemokine receptor 7 (CXCR7) and CXC chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) in macrophages of each group were analyzed. Visual analogue scale(VAS) was used to evaluate the degree of joint pain. Joint function was evaluated by knee Joint Society Scoring system(KSS). Finally, data analysis was carried out.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of NF-κB, CXCR7 and CXCL12 in moderate group, severe group and extreme recombination group were higher than those in control group. The VAS, the expression of NF-κB, CXCR7 and CXCL12 in the severe group and the extreme recombination group were higher than those in the moderate group, whereas KSS was lower than that in the moderate group. The VAS, expression levels of NF-κB, CXCR7 and CXCL12 in the extremely severe group were higher than those in the severe group, and KSS was lower than that in the severe group (all P<0.01). The expression levels of NF-κB, CXCR7 and CXCL12 in macrophages were positively correlated with VAS score, but negatively correlated with KSS(all P<0.01). The expression levels of NF-κB, CXCR7 and CXCL12 in macrophages were positively correlated with the severity of disease. After excluding the influence of traditional factors (gender, age and disease duration), multiple linear regression analysis further showed that the expression levels of NF-κB, CXCR7 and CXCL12 were still positively correlated with the severity of disease(all P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The chemotaxis of macrophages in patients with KOA increased with the aggravation of the disease, and was related to the degree of pain and function impairment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee/genetics , Chemotaxis/genetics , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , Receptors, CXCR/metabolism , Patient Acuity
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981574

ABSTRACT

The synergistic effect of drug combinations can solve the problem of acquired resistance to single drug therapy and has great potential for the treatment of complex diseases such as cancer. In this study, to explore the impact of interactions between different drug molecules on the effect of anticancer drugs, we proposed a Transformer-based deep learning prediction model-SMILESynergy. First, the drug text data-simplified molecular input line entry system (SMILES) were used to represent the drug molecules, and drug molecule isomers were generated through SMILES Enumeration for data augmentation. Then, the attention mechanism in the Transformer was used to encode and decode the drug molecules after data augmentation, and finally, a multi-layer perceptron (MLP) was connected to obtain the synergy value of the drugs. Experimental results showed that our model had a mean squared error of 51.34 in regression analysis, an accuracy of 0.97 in classification analysis, and better predictive performance than the DeepSynergy and MulinputSynergy models. SMILESynergy offers improved predictive performance to assist researchers in rapidly screening optimal drug combinations to improve cancer treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Electric Power Supplies , Neural Networks, Computer , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 386-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969918

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the distribution of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in participants from the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) study and evaluate the association between lifestyle risk factors and CKD. Methods: Based on the baseline survey data and follow-up data (as of December 31, 2018) of the CKB study, the differences in CKD cases' area and population distributions were described. Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to estimate the association between lifestyle risk factors and the risk of CKD. Results: A total of 505 147 participants, 4 920 cases of CKD were recorded in 11.26 year follow up with a incidence rate of 83.43/100 000 person-years. Glomerulonephropathy was the most common type. The incidence of CKD was higher in the urban area, men, and the elderly aged 60 years and above (87.83/100 000 person-years, 86.37/100 000 person-years, and 132.06/100 000 person-years). Current male smokers had an increased risk for CKD compared with non-smokers or occasional smokers (HR=1.18, 95%CI: 1.05-1.31). The non-obese population was used as a control group, both general obesity determined by BMI (HR=1.19, 95%CI: 1.10-1.29) and central obesity determined by waist circumference (HR=1.27, 95%CI: 1.19-1.35) were associated with higher risk for CKD. Conclusion: The risks for CKD varied with area and population in the CKB cohort study, and the risk was influenced by multiple lifestyle factors.


Subject(s)
Aged , Adult , Humans , Male , Cohort Studies , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Obesity/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Life Style , Body Mass Index
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the failure patterns and survival after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in patients with T 1-2N 0M 0 non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Methods:Clinical data of early-stage NSCLC patients who received SBRT at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from January 2012 to September 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The primary observed endpoint was the pattern of disease progression, which was divided into intra-field recurrence, regional lymph node recurrence and distant metastasis. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate analysis was conducted by log-rank test, and multivariate analysis was performed by Cox's model.Results:A total of 147 patients with 156 lesions were included. The median follow-up time was 44.0 months (16.5-95.5 months). A total of 57 patients (38.8%) progressed: 14 patients (24.5%) had recurrence with the 1-, 3-, and 5-year local recurrence rates of 2.0%, 10.9%, and 14.3%, respectively; 36 patients (63.2%) had Distant metastasis with the 1-, 3- and 5-year distant metastasis rates of 12.2%, 22.4% and 28.6%, respectively; and 7 patients (12.3%) had recurrence complicated with distant metastasis. The 3-, 5- and 7-year OS rates were 80.5%, 64.2% and 49.9% for all patients, respectively. The median OS was 78.4 months. The 3-, 5- and 7-year PFS rates were 64.8%,49.5% and 41.5%, with a median PFS of 57.9 months (95% CI: 42.3-73.5 months). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that biologically equivalent dose and age were the factors affecting the efficacy of SBRT (both P<0.05). Conclusion:Distant metastasis is the main failure pattern in patients with T 1-2N 0M 0 NSCLC after SBRT. High-risk population should be selected for further systematic treatment to improve the efficacy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the radiation dose and fractionation regimens for limited stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) in Chinese radiation oncologists.Methods:Over 500 radiation oncologists were surveyed through questionnaire for radiation dose and fractionation regimens for LS-SCLC and 216 valid samples were collected for further analysis. All data were collected by online questionnaire designed by WJX software. Data collection and statistical analysis were performed by SPSS 25.0 statistical software. The differences in categorical variables among different groups were analyzed by Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. Results:Among 216 participants, 94.9% preferred early concurrent chemoradiotherapy, 69.4% recommended conventional fractionation, 70.8% preferred a total dose of 60 Gy when delivering conventional radiotherapy and 78.7% recommended 45 Gy when administering hyperfractionated radiotherapy.Conclusions:Despite differences in LS-SCLC treatment plans, most of Chinese radiation oncologists prefer to choose 60 Gy conventional fractionated radiotherapy as the main treatment strategy for LS-SCLC patients. Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO), National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and Chinese Medical Association guidelines or expert consensus play a critical role in guiding treatment decision-making.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare 3D-printing-assisted surgery and conventional surgery in the treatment of Schazker type Ⅵ tibial plateau fractures.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 50 patients with type Ⅵ tibial plateau fracture who had been treated from January 2019 to December 2021 at the 5 Departments of Orthopedics in The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, The First People's Hospital of Jiujiang, Pingkuang General Hospital, Ganzhou People's Hospital, and Nanchang Hongdu Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to their different treatment methods. In the 3D printing group of 25 cases treated by 3D-printing-assisted surgery, there were 14 males and 11 females, with an age of (42.5±9.1) years; in the conventional group of 25 cases treated by conventional surgery, there were 13 males and 12 females with an age of (42.2±9.3) years. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, fracture healing time, postoperative complications, the Rasmussen radiological scores and the American Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee function scores at 6 and 12 months after operation.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, indicating comparability ( P>0.05). The operation time [(125.4±10.6) min], intraoperative blood loss [(206.2±16.3) mL], intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency [(9.2±2.7) times] and fracture healing time [(3.0±0.7) months] in the 3D printing group were all significantly less than those in the conventional group [(168.2±14.1) min, (303.2±20.4) mL, (15.5±3.5) times and (4.1±0.8) months] while the Rasmussen radiological scores (17.6±1.2 and 17.9±0.6) and HSS knee scores (90.8±6.4 and 91.5±5.6) at 6 and 12 months after operation in the 3D printing group were all significantly higher than those in the conventional group (16.2±2.6 and 16.7±2.2; 84.5±9.2 and 87.6±8.0) (all P<0.05). In the 3D printing group, there were 1 case of wound infection and 1 case of wound dehiscence after operation. In the conventional group, there were 2 cases of wound skin necrosis, 3 cases of wound dehiscence, 1 case of traumatic arthritis, 2 cases of wound infection, and 1 case of screw loosening. The incidence of complications in the 3D printing group (8.0%, 2/28) was significantly lower than that in the conventional group (36.0%, 9/25) ( P<0.05). Conclusion:In the treatment of Schatzker type VI tibial plateau fractures, compared with conventional surgery, 3D-printing-assisted surgery can lead to better curative outcomes, because it is conducive to lowering surgical difficulty, reducing postoperative complications, and promoting fracture union and functional recovery of the knee.

11.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 179-182, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006110

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic decortication is the standardized surgical treatment for simple renal cysts. With the continuous maturation of minimally invasive techniques, percutaneous nephroscopic decortication and decompression is gradually implemented, which has advantages of minimal invasiveness, fast recovery and good prognosis. Ureteroscopic plasma electrode is a modified procedure, which can achieve more exact intraoperative hemostasis and efficient cutting efficiency than traditional surgery. This article reviews the current treatments of simple renal cysts, and introduces our experience of using minimally invasive percutaneous nephroscopic plasma electrode decortication, its surgical procedures and technical points.

12.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 1009-1012, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005931

ABSTRACT

Renal cancer complicated with inferior vena cava tumor thrombus has been difficult to manage in urological surgery, because it has a complex anatomical relationship and involves vascular blockage of vital organs such as kidney, liver and heart, as well as the blockage and reconstruction of inferior vena cava. In addition, tumor thrombus dislodgement may occur intraoperatively, leading to acute pulmonary embolism, which makes the surgery extremely difficult and risky. In this paper, we report the successful treatment of thrombus dislodgement in a case of right kidney tumor with inferior vena cava thrombus during robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery and explore the treatment methods, aiming to avoid lethal pulmonary embolism caused by tumor thrombus dislodgement.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005745

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To observe the effect of puerarin on the concentration of Ca2+ and the expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in hippocampal neurons of vascular dementia (VD) rats so as to explore the mechanism of puerarin in protecting nerve cells. 【Methods】 Male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, and puerarin intervention group. The vascular dementia model was established by ligating bilateral common carotid arteries at intervals of 3 days. Two weeks after the operation, the learning and memory abilities of the rats were evaluated by Morris water maze, and the expression of BDNF in the hippocampus of the rats was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. The mean fluorescence intensity was measured by flow cytometry to represent the intracellular free Ca2+ concentration. 【Results】 In the puerarin intervention group, the rats’ escape latency in Morris water maze was significantly shortened, the expression of BDNF in the hippocampus was significantly increased, and the concentration of Ca2+ in hippocampal neurons was decreased. Compared with the model group, the difference was statistically significant (all P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Puerarin has neuroprotective effect on VD rats, and its mechanism may be related to the decrease of Ca2+ concentration in hippocampal neurons and the up-regulation of BDNF expression.

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 248-254, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003848

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of histone H4 in the polarization of alveolar macrophages (AM) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in mice. Methods i) The specific pathogen free male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group and 2, 4, 6 and 8 mg/kg LPS groups, with six mice in each group. The mice in the LPS groups were intratracheally administered LPS according to their respective doses, while the mice in the control group received an equivalent volume of 0.9% saline. After 12 hours, the arterial blood gas was analyzed, and the pulmonary edema and histopathological changes in lung tissues of mice in each group were observed. The level of histone H4 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of mice was detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay , and mice AMs of the five group were isolated using adherent method. ii) AMs from normal mice were isolated using adherent method and randomly divided into control group, histone H4 injury group, BALF injury group and anti-histone H4 antibody (anti-H4) intervention group. In the histone H4 injury group, AMs were treated with histone H4 at a final concentration of 20 mg/L. In the BALF injury group and anti-H4 intervention group, AMs were treated with 200 μL BALF supernatant from mice intratracheally administered 6 mg/kg body weight LPS, with the latter group treated with 25 mg/L anti-H4 antibody. The control group AMs were treated with phosphate-buffered saline. iii) After 12 hours of stimulation, the cells were collected, and the relative expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (Tnfa), interleukin-1β (Il1b), differentiation antigen 206 (Cd206) and arginase 1 (Arg1) in AMs was detected using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results i) Compared with the control group, mice in all four LPS groups exhibited rapid breathing, inflammatory reaction and lung edema in lung tissues, which were aggravated in a dose-dependent manner. The ratio of partial pressure of arterial oxygen to fraction of inspired oxygen in mice decreased with the increase of LPS dose (P<0.05). The wet/dry weight ratio of lung, the level of histone H4 in BALF and the relative expression of Tnfa and Il1b mRNA in AMs increased with the increase of LPS dose (all P<0.05). The mice in the 6 and 8 mg/kg LPS groups developed ARDS. The level of histone H4 in BALF and the relative expression of Tnfa and Il1b mRNA in AMs of mice in 6 and 8 mg/kg LPS groups were higher than those in the other three groups (all P<0.05). ii) The relative expression of Tnfa and Il1b mRNA increased (both P<0.05), and the relative expression of Cd206 and Arg1 mRNA decreased (both P<0.05) in AMs of histone H4 injury group and BALF injury group compared with the control group. Compared with BALF injury group, the relative mRNA expression of Tnfa and Il1b in AMs of anti-H4 intervention group decreased (both P<0.05), while the relative expression of Arg1 mRNA increased (P<0.05). Conclusion LPS can induce a dose-dependent increase in histone H4 levels in BALF in mice. Histone H4 drives the development of ARDS by activating AMs to M1 polarization. Antagonizing histone H4 to interfere with AM polarization to M1 could be a target for the treatment of ARDS.

15.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 400-404, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015206

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To explore the distribution situation of microRNA(miR) -30 gene single-nucleotide sites rs1192037A / T polymorphisms in Guangxi Zhuang population and compare its distribution differences with other populations and to analyze level of common blood lipid indexes in genotypes. Methods SNPscan was used to detect rs1192037A / T locus genotyping in 236 volunteers of Zhuang nationality in Guangxi. The genotypes and allele frequencies of rs1192037A / T locus genotyping in different genders and groups were analyzed. The levels of common blood lipids in the subjects were detected by roche automatic biochemical apparatus. Results Three genotypes of AA, AT and TT were found in rs1192037 A / T with the frequency distribution of 11. 0%, 38. 6% and 50. 4%, respectively. No significant differences in genotypes and alleles frequencies of rs1192037 A / T between different genders in Guangxi Zhuang population were observed (P > 0. 05) . However,there were significant differences in the genotype and allele frequency of miR-30 gene rs1192037 A / T in Guangxi Zhuang population compared with those of Europeans, Japanese, Africans, Mexicans and Indians published by HapMap (P0. 05) . There were significant differences in the levels of TG among the 3 genotypes of rs1192037 A / T, and the TG levels of AT and TT genotypes were significantly higher than AA genotypes. Conclusion There are different degrees of rs1192037 A / T polymorphisms of miR-30 gene among Guangxi population and other ethnic populations and other regions. The polymorphism of rs1192037 A / T is related to the level of TG.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1493-1499, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013729

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of miR-124a on oxidative stress injury and β-cell function of pancreas in type 2 diabetic mice. Methods The wild-type C57BL/6 mice and the C57BIV6 mice with low expression of miR-124a were randomly divided into two groups, namely wild-type control (WT Con), miR-124a

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1725-1730, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013716

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effects of corilagin on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease induced by high-fat and high-sugar diet in mice via regulating AMPK-autophagy signaling. Methods Healthy 8-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into control group, model group and corilagin group. The mice of model group and corilagin group were fed with a high-fat and high-sugar diet for four weeks at the age of eight weeks. The corilagin group mice were also intraperitoneally injected with corilagin (20 mg • k g

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010976

ABSTRACT

Evaluating the consistency of herb injectable formulations could improve their product quality and clinical safety, particularly concerning the composition and content levels of trace ingredients. Panax notoginseng Saponins Injection (PNSI), widely used in China for treating acute cardiovascular diseases, contains low-abundance (10%-25%) and trace saponins in addition to its five main constituents (notoginsenoside R1, ginsenoside Rg1, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rb1, and ginsenoside Rd). This study aimed to establish a robust analytical method and assess the variability in trace saponin levels within PNSI from different vendors and formulation types. To achieve this, a liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method employing multiple ions monitoring (MIM) was developed. A "post-column valve switching" strategy was implemented to eliminate highly abundant peaks (NR1, Rg1, and Re) at 26 min. A total of 51 saponins in PNSI were quantified or relatively quantified using 18 saponin standards, with digoxin as the internal standard. This study evaluated 119 batches of PNSI from seven vendors, revealing significant variability in trace saponin levels among different vendors and formulation types. These findings highlight the importance of consistent content in low-abundance and trace saponins to ensure product control and clinical safety. Standardization of these ingredients is crucial for maintaining the quality and effectiveness of PNSI in treating acute cardiovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Ginsenosides , Saponins , Chemometrics , Panax notoginseng , Cardiovascular Diseases , Chromatography, Liquid , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
19.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 62-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959021

ABSTRACT

At present, heart transplantation is the most effective treatment for end-stage heart failure. Nevertheless, the shortage of donors is becoming an increasingly severe challenge. In recent years, rapid development of mechanical circulatory support technologies has provided multiple therapeutic options for patients with end-stage heart failure. As an important mechanical circulatory support device, ventricular assist device (VAD) are divided into durable VAD (dVAD) and temporary VAD (tVAD) according to the duration of assistance. dVAD shows application potential in bridging heart transplantation, destination therapy and bridge to decision. With technological progress and experience accumulation in clinical application, VAD is evolving towards the direction of more biocompatible, lighter, more bionic and intelligent. In this article, the development of VAD, application status at home and abroad and the overall application of VAD in our hospital were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for promoting the clinical application of VAD in China.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a few-shot learning (FSL) approach for classifying optical coherence tomography (OCT) images in patients with inherited retinal disorders (IRDs).@*METHODS@#In this study, an FSL model based on a student-teacher learning framework was designed to classify images. 2,317 images from 189 participants were included. Of these, 1,126 images revealed IRDs, 533 were normal samples, and 658 were control samples.@*RESULTS@#The FSL model achieved a total accuracy of 0.974-0.983, total sensitivity of 0.934-0.957, total specificity of 0.984-0.990, and total F1 score of 0.935-0.957, which were superior to the total accuracy of the baseline model of 0.943-0.954, total sensitivity of 0.866-0.886, total specificity of 0.962-0.971, and total F1 score of 0.859-0.885. The performance of most subclassifications also exhibited advantages. Moreover, the FSL model had a higher area under curves (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves in most subclassifications.@*CONCLUSION@#This study demonstrates the effective use of the FSL model for the classification of OCT images from patients with IRDs, normal, and control participants with a smaller volume of data. The general principle and similar network architectures can also be applied to other retinal diseases with a low prevalence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Deep Learning , Retinal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Retina/diagnostic imaging , ROC Curve
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