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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706316

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe imaging features of uterus duplication combined with mesonephric duct dysplasia related abnormalities.Methods Imaging data of 17 female with uterus duplication and renal dysplasia were retrospectively analyzed.Seven patients underwent CT and 10 patients underwent MR scanning.Results The basic abnormalities in 17 patients were uterus duplication combined with unilateral renal-ureter dysplasia with/without other associated malformation which were further classified as follows:①7 patients presented as basic abnormalities without other associated malformations,include 5 (CT diagnosed 1,MR diagnosed 4) with uterus duplex and unilateral renal-ureter agenesis,2 (CT 1,MR 1) with uterus bifidus and unilateral renal-ureter dysplasia;②2 patients (CT 1,MR 1) presented as basic abnormalities accompanied with ectopic ureter orifice,uterus duplex and unilateral renal dysplasia with ectopic ureter orifice opening in vagina;③5 patients (CT 3,MR 2) of Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome presented as uterus duplication,oblique vagina septum as well as unilateral renal-ureter dysplasia,which shown as uterus duplex,oblique vaginal septum with hematocolpos,also unilateral renal-ureter agenesis;④2 patients presented as basic abnormalities accompanied with mesonephric residual cyst,CT showed one with uterus duplex and unilateral renal-ureter agenesis with ipsilateral mesonephric residual cyst,MRI showed as the other one with Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome combined with mesonephric residual cyst opening in vagina;⑤MRI showed 1 patient with basic abnormalities and a nephrogenic adenoma,which demonstrated as uterus duplex combined with left renal-ureter agenesis,and a tumor on the left wall of bladder accompanied with endometriosis.Conclusion Further classification into 5 types from simple to complex based on uterus duplication combined with unilateral renal-ureter dysplasia with/without other associated malformations is helpful to the diagnosis and treatment of these abnormalities.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706248

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore prenatal MRI findings of fetal midline dural sinus malformation(DSM).Methods Eleven fetuses of midline DSM were collected.Abnormalities in the fetal occipital or cerebellar area were found from 21 to 27 weeks of gestation.Then MR scanning in the following week was performed.Of all 11 fetuses,9 were pathologically proved to be midline DSM,and the other 2 were followed up and proved after birth.The imaging findings and pathological features were analyzed.Results MRI of 11 fetuses showed cystic dilation of the occipital cranium of torcular herophili area,with the size of 10 mm× 15 mm to 35 mm× 55 mm,and the adjacent sinuses were also dilated.On axial or coronal images,the lesions were cuneiform,while on sagittal images,the lesions were spindle-or crescent-shaped.The lesions displayed isointensity or slightly hyperintensity on T1WI,while slightly hypointensity,isointensity or slightly hyperintensity on T2WI.In 9 of the 11 fetuses,class round or bar thrombosis on the side wall of the cystic mass were observed,which were hyperintensity on T1WI and isointensity and hypointensity,isointensity or hyperintensity on T2WI.Hemosiderin deposition was observed around the thrombi in 6 fetuses.Lesion diameters in 2 fetuses were more than 30 mm,and the adjacent brain tissue was significantly dislocated.Nine fetuses of postmortem pathology after induced labor showed deformed and dilated venous sinuses,in which eccentric thrombi were seen in 7 fetuses with side branches around them.Normal brain development was observed in 2 live birth newborns.Conclusion Prenatal MRI can accurately diagnose fetal midline dural sinus malformation,and estimate the development of fetal brain,which may be helpful to prognosis prediction.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 834-838, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667043

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the imaging characteristics of female Skene-gland (periurethral glands) disease. Methods A retrospective analysis of preoperative imaging findings was performed in 15 female patients with surgical-pathological proven Skene gland disease. MRI scans were performed in 8 cases, CT scans were performed in 5 cases, both CT and MRI were performed in 2 cases. Imaging characteristics were observed and summarized.Results There were 3 types of diseases,including:(1) Skene gland cyst (n=3), located in the distal and posterolateral urethra or close to the proximity of urethra, presenting as cystic lesions with teardrop shape on sagittal images, which appeared as hypo-attenuation on non-enhanced CT, and hypo-intensity on T1WI, hyper-intensity on T2WI, and without enhancement. One case complicated with infection presented as hyper-intensity on T1WI and gaseous intensity inside,with thickened cystic wall and enhancement.(2)Urethral diverticulum communicating with Skene gland (n=10), located in the middle or distal and posterolateral urethra, presented as a horseshoe shaped cystic lesion partially surrounding the urethral(n=3)or spoke wheel-like cystic lesion with multiple septum completely surrounding the urethra (n=7). They appeared as fluid attenuation on unenhanced CT, and hypo-intensity on T1WI, hyper-intensity on T2WI and without enhancement. Heterogenous signal or attenuation and enhanced septum or cystic wall were found in 6 cases complicated with infection. (3) Malignant tumor (n=2, one adenocarcinoma and one neuroendocrine carcinoma), presented as cystic-solid mass surrounding the urethral, showing heterogenous low attenuation on nonenhanced CT and iso-to hyper-intensity on T2WI and hypo-to iso-intensity on T1WI with significant enhancement.Conclusions Female Skene-gland disease has specific occurrence location and imaging characteristics.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 22-26, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491392

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore imaging findings and pathological features of ovarian collision tumors. Methods A retrospective analysis of preoperative imaging findings was performed in 8 female patients with surgical-pathological proven ovarian collision tumors. CT scans were performed in 5 cases, both CT and MRI were performed in 2 cases, and non-enhanced MR scans were performed in 1 pregnancy woman. Imaging results were compared with pathologic findings. Results Ovarian collision tumors in the eight patients consisted of 2 types tumors, originated from different ovarian tissues including surface epithelial cells, germ cell, or sex cord-stromal cell. Of the 8 ovarian collision tumors, 5 were located in the left ovary, and 3 in the right ovary. Ovarian collision tumors consisted of surface epithelial tumor and germ cell tumor (n=6) including mucinous cystadenoma and teratoma (n=4), mixed cystadenoma and teratoma (n=1), and serous cystadenoma and struma-ovarii (n=1). Ovarian collision tumors in two cases consisted of surface epithelial tumor and sex cord-stromal tumor, and were mucinous cystadenoma and fibroma, respectively. Imaging findings included:all tumors in the 8 cases presented big or huge multiple complicated cystic mass with 9 to 26 cm in diameter. Germ cell tumor or sex cord-stromal tumor in collision tumor was smaller and located inside the tumor (n=3) and on the tumor wall (n=5). The boundary between two types of tumors in ovarian collision tumor was distinct and clear. Typical imaging features and densities (signals) of different tumors in ovarian collision tumors can be found on CT or MRI. Conclusions Ovarian collision tumors has some specific imaging and pathological characteristics. Imaging examination is helpful for most accurate diagnosis of ovarian collision tumors.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 480-483, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451283

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore imaging features of Zinner syndrome.Methods Eight male patients with clinically diagnosed Zinner syndrome performed abdominal and pelvic CT and /or MRI scan.The radiological data was studied retrospectively.Results Eight cases showed seminal vesicle cyst with ipsilateral renal agenesis on CT and/or MR imaging ( left side, n =5; right side, n =3).The maximal diameter of seminal vesicle cysts varied from 4.2 to 7.0 cm, and appeared as oval cystic lesion with irregular contour or tube-like dilatation , which appeared low density on CT image and hypo-or hyperintensity on T 1 WI and hyperintensity on T 2 WI.Bladder compression was found in 6 cases.Fuild-fuild level in the cysts was seen in 2 cases.Remnants of ureter structure were seen in only 1 case.There was no other accompanying abnormality of urinary system.Conclusions Zinner syndrome presents with characteristic imaging features , and the key issue is differential diagnosis of seminal vesicle cysts.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437541

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Acute myeloid leukemia after liver transplantation is a rare complication with high mortality. OBJECTIVE:To study the clinical features of acute myeloid leukemia after liver transplantation. METHODS:One case of acute promyelocytic leukemia after liver transplantation was reported, and literatures were reviewed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Case presentation was post-odontectomy bleeding with associative abnormal coagulation test at 85 months after liver transplantation. Routine blood test, bone marrow test and chromosome analysis and examination diagnosed as acute promyelocytic leukemia and promyelocytic leukemia/RARαpositive chimeric gene, and clearly diagnosed as acute promyelocytic leukemia combined with disseminated intravascular coagulation. The patient received fresh frozen plasma transfusion to correct the abnormal coagulation, and then received induction chemotherapy with retinoic acid, arsenic trioxide and daunorubicin to obtain bone marrow complete remission. The patient was treated with daunorubicin combined with cytarabine and mitoxantrone combined with cytarabine regimens after remission induction to consolidate the chemotherapy for two courses of treatment, and then subsequently subjected to arsenous acid chemotherapy, and the bone marrow was sustained for remission. During chemotherapy, the dose and type of immunosuppressive agents were adjusted, and the patient had stable liver function without serious infection or complications. The results indicate that acute myeloid leukemia is common and often occurs after liver transplantation. When the patient displays hematological abnormality, acute promyelocytic leukemia should be considered. Early diagnosis and treatment can reduce the mortality.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435972

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether problem-based learning (PBL) is suitable for medical imaging and whether PBL is more enlightening than lecture-based learning (LBL) mode in teaching of medical imaging.Methods Thirty-two students of clinical medicine specialty in Sun Yat-sen University were selected as teaching objects and were divided into 6 groups (5 students in four groups and 6students in 2 groups).Chapters of urinary and digestive system were taught by PBL mode while the rest chapters by LBL mode.Questionnaires were handed out to teachers and students by Email after class and the valid questionnaires were analyzed qualitatively.Results Thirty-one students and 5 teachers thought they were suitable for PBL teaching; 30 students and 5 teachers were willing to continue PBL.Thirty-one students and 5 teachers thought that PBL mode could let students learn more knowledge and was more revealing.Twenty-three students thought PBL teaching spent too much time can not promote in all chapters.Three teachers worried that PBL mode would cause poor organization form and teaching plans.Conclusions PBL is suitable for medical imaging teaching.PBL could let students learn more knowledge and is more revealing compared with LBL,however,PBL is time-consuming and laborious,therefore LBL and PBL should be combined.

8.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1349-1350, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444407

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the reliability of Pain Vision method for assessment of labor pain.Methods Eighty-nine nulliparous parturients who were at full term and at the latent period of the first stage of labor,aged 19-31 yr,weighing 55-85 kg,were enrolled in this study.The degree of labor pain was assessed using Pain Vision method and VAS.Pain degree is calculated from two parameters,current perception threshold and pain compatible electrical current by using a somatosensory evoked potential stimulator.The former parameter was defined by the lowest electrical current detected; the latter parameter defined by the electrical current judged as being compatible with the intensity of ongoing pain.Linear correlation of VAS scores with pain degree was analyzed.Results There was no correlation between pain degree and VAS scores,and the correlation coefficient was 0.206 (P > 0.05).Conclusion Pain Vision method can not be applied for objective assessment of labor pain.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-554996

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the CT manifestations of recto-endometriosis. Methods Three pathologically proved cases of recto-endometriosis were reported, the CT features and clinical manifestations were investigated retrospectively with review of literatures. Results The patients were all menstruating females (28, 34, and 45 years old, respectively), and anal pain emerged during menses in one case. Rectal examination revealed stiff immobile mass along the rectal wall in all three cases. All the cases showed solid masses on CT scan with moderate enhancement after contrast administration. Two of them confined to the rectal walls, another involved the rectum and peri-rectal aspect. One case was misdiagnosed as well-differentiated adenocarcinoma of rectum in frozen section by biopsy specimen.Conclusion A solid mass was always found in recto-endometriosis. No characteristic CT feature was manifested. Attention should be paid to the differentiation from rectal tumors when making the diagnosis.

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