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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993603

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the uptake characteristics and temporal changes of 68Ga-fibroblast activation protein inhibitors (FAPIs) and 18F-FDG in the anastomotic site of reconstructed digestive tracts after radical surgery for gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma. Methods:A cohort of 43 patients (28 males, 15 females; age range 28-79 years) who underwent radical surgery for gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma and underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT follow-up between November 2020 and June 2022 in the First Affiliated Hospital of the Air Force Medical University was prospectively included. One week after the 18F-FDG PET/CT examination, 68Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT imaging was performed. ROIs were drawn on the PET images at the highest uptake level of anastomotic sites of reconstructed digestive tract and abdominal wall incisions, and SUV max and target-to-background ratio (TBR) were determined. χ2 test, one-way analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test (Bonferroni correction) and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were supplied. Results:There were 86 surgical wounds (13 gastric-intestinal anastomotic sites, 14 esophagus-intestinal anastomotic sites, 16 intestinal-intestinal anastomotic sites, and 43 abdominal wall incisions) included. In 68Ga-FAPI-04 PET imaging, SUV max of gastric-intestinal anastomotic sites was higher than that of abdominal wall incisions, with a statistically significant difference (adjusted P=0.014). The TBR did not show statistically significant differences among different types of surgical wounds ( H=3.88, P=0.275). In 18F-FDG PET imaging, SUV max of gastric-intestinal, esophagus-intestinal, and intestinal-intestinal anastomotic sites were all higher than that of abdominal wall incisions, with statistically significant differences (adjusted all P<0.001). There were no statistically significant differences in TBR among different types of surgical wounds ( H=3.02, P=0.388). In 68Ga-FAPI-04 PET imaging, the TBR of all types of anastomotic sites exhibited a decreasing trend with increasing postoperative time. Except for intestinal-intestinal anastomotic sites, the differences in TBR between < 0.5-year and ≥ 1.5-year groups were statistically significant for other types of surgical wounds (adjusted P<0.05). In 18F-FDG PET imaging, the TBR of abdominal wall incisions showed a decreasing trend with increasing postoperative time. However, the TBR of other types of surgical wounds did not show a decreasing trend, and the differences in TBR among different time groups were not statistically significant ( H values: 0.53-2.75, P values: 0.252-0.768). In comparing the two PET imaging agents, for all surgical wounds within the <0.5-year and 0.5-1.5-year groups, the 68Ga-FAPI-04 TBR was consistently higher than the 18F-FDG TBR ( z values: -3.17 and -2.55, P values: 0.002 and 0.011). However, in the ≥1.5-year group, the TBR values tended to be consistent, and the differences were not statistically significant ( z=-0.70, P=0.485). Conclusions:The 18F-FDG uptake in the anastomotic sites of reconstructed digestive tracts reaches a low level under half a year after surgery and does not significantly change over time, while the 68Ga-FAPIs uptake remains relatively high within the first 1.5 years after surgery but decreases over time. These patterns suggest that clinical attention should be paid to the differential diagnosis of anastomotic inflammation or fibrosis, which resulting in agent uptake and local tumor recurrence.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006672

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To prepare positron emission computed tomography (PET) molecular probes targeting macrophages using Nb119 and BCⅡ10 labeled with 68Ga nuclide. 【Methods】 To explore the labeling conditions of nanobodies with 68Ga nuclides, first, the anti-Vsig4 nanobody Nb119 and isotype control antibody BCⅡ10 were incubated with NOTA and then purified to obtain the chelating agent-modified NOTA-Nb119 and NOTA-BCⅡ10. The NOTA-Nb119 and NOTA-BCⅡ10 were further incubated with 68Ga. Finally, NOTA-Nb119 was identified by SDS-PAGE and MALDI-TOF methods, and the radiochemical purity was detected by radio-HPLC. 【Results】 The results of SDS-PAGE showed that the lanes of the successfully labeled NOTA-Nb119 had apparent hysteresis than the unlabeled nanobody band, which proved that the molecular weight of the labeled product was increased and NOTA successfully modified the nanobody. Subsequently, 68Ga nuclides could successfully label Nb119 and BCⅡ10. According to radio-HPLC detection, the radiochemical purity of NOTA-Nb119 and NOTA-BCⅡ10 labeled with 68Ga was greater than 90% and remained stable. 【Conclusion】 68Ga-labeled nanobodies have high radiochemical purity and high stability, indicating that this study can be applied to other nanobodies for modification and labeling and provides a practical and feasible method for the preparation of PET using nanobodies.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910822

ABSTRACT

Objective:To exploring the uptake of fibroblast activation protein (FAP) inhibitor (FAPI) in pancreatic cancer through 68Ga-FAPI-04 PET/CT imaging, and provide a basis for the FAP-targeted imaging of pancreatic cancer. Methods:Pancreatic cancer-patient-derived tumor xenograft (PDX) mouse models ( n=8) were developed, then 68Ga-FAPI-04 and 18F-FDG microPET/CT imaging were performed (4 in each group). The differences of percentage activity of injection dose per gram of tissue (%ID/g) of 68Ga-FAPI-04 and 18F-FDG were analyzed by independent-sample t test. 68Ga-FAPI-04 and 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging were performed in 5 patients (4 males, 1 female, age: 46-74 (63.0±11.9) years) with pancreatic cancer, and the maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max) of 68Ga-FAPI-04 and 18F-FDG in primary pancreatic cancer and the SUV max ratio of liver metastases to liver tissue were compared by paired t test. Results:MicroPET/CT imaging showed that 68Ga-FAPI-04 was obviously uptaken at all time points in the tumor of PDX mice. The uptake of 68Ga-FAPI-04 in PDX mice 60 min after injection was significantly higher than that of 18F-FDG ((6.58±0.44) and (4.29±0.13) %ID/g; t=4.152, P=0.008 9). PET/CT showed that the SUV max of 68Ga-FAPI-04 in pancreatic cancer was significantly higher than that of 18F-FDG (16.82±3.08 and 5.14±2.20; t=6.893, P=0.000 1) and the SUV max ratio of liver metastases to liver tissue of 68Ga-FAPI-04 was also significantly higher than that of 18F-FDG (4.57±1.47 and 1.30±0.16; t=3.803, P=0.019 1). Conclusion:68Ga-FAPI-04 can be highly uptaken in pancreatic cancer, suggesting that FAP can be a potential target for PET/CT imaging of pancreatic cancer.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745431

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical application of chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4)-targeted PET/CT imaging in breast cancer using 68Ga-1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-triacetic acid-TN14003 (NOTA-NFB) and the correlation between 68Ga-NOTA-NFB uptake and pathology.Methods From June 2014 to December 2014,11 female patients (age range:38-68 years) with non-specific invasive breast cancer were recruited in this study.All patients underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy before surgery.68GaNOTA-NFB and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging were performed before the chemotherapy.Three patients also underwent 68Ga-NOTA-NFB PET/CT imaging after the fourth cycle of chemotherapy.The region of interest (ROI) method was used to measure the maximum standardized value (SUVmax) and tumor/non-tumor (T/NT) ratio was calculated.Paired t test and Spearman correlation analysis were used for statistical analysis.Results The SUVmax values of primary lesions were 3.78±2.03 and 8.11±5.14 (t=-3.01,P<0.05) respectively in 68Ga-NOTA-NFB imaging and 18F-FDG imaging.The T/NT ratios for primary lesions were not significantly different between the two imaging methods (9.36±7.81 vs 15.62±14.51;t=-1.63,P>0.05).In the metastatic lymph nodes,SUVmax values were not significantly different between 68Ga-NOTA-NFB imaging and 18F-FDG imaging (t=-2.02,P>0.05),but T/NT ratios were significantly different (t=-2.43,P<0.05).After neoadjuvant chemotherapy,T/NT ratios were decreased in the 3 patients.Correlation was not found between T/NT in 68Ga-NOTA-NFB imaging and Ki-67,but the P value was close to 0.05 (rs =0.600,P=0.051).Conclusion 68Ga-NOTA-NFB PET/CT can be used as a new CXCR4-targered imaging in diagnosis of breast cancer,and it may be beneficial to evaluate the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708793

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively compare the diagnostic capability of 68Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG in well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) bearing mice by microPET/CT imaging.Methods The in vitro cellular uptake,in vivo microPET/CT imaging and biodistribution studies of 68Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG were quantitatively compared in SMMC-7721-based well-differentiated HCC.The human fibrosarcoma (HT-1080) and human colorectal adenocarcinoma (HT-29) cells/xenografts were respectively used as positive and negative reference groups for CD13.The expression of CD13 was qualitatively verified by immunohistostaining.The levels of CD13 and glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) were semi-quantitatively analyzed by Western blot test for all 3 types of tumors.Two-sample t test was used for data analysis.Results The in vitro cellular uptake showed that the 68Ga-NGR uptake in SMMC-7721 and HT-1080 cells was higher than that in HT-29 cells,and the 68Ga-NGR uptake was higher than 18F-FDG uptake in SMMC-7721 cells.The in vivo micro-PET/CT imaging results revealed that the uptake of 68Ga-NGR in SMMC-7721 tumor was (2.17±0.21) %ID/g,remarkably higher compared to (0.73±0.26) %ID/g of 18F-FDG uptake (t =8.826,P<0.01).The tumor/liver ratio of 68Ga-NGR was 2.05±0.16,which was 2.03-fold higher than that of 18F-FDG.In the HT-1080 tumors,the uptakes of 68 Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG were both high,and the values were (2.46±0.23) %ID/g,(3.47±0.31) %ID/g.The uptake of 68Ga-NGR was significantly lower than that of 18F-FDG in HT-29 tumors:(0.67±0.20) %ID/g vs (3.17±0.29) %ID/g;t=4.221,P<0.01.Western blot and immunohistostaining results were as follows:HT-1080(CD13+,G6Pase-),SMMC-7721(CD13+,G6Pase+),HT-29 (CD13-,G6Pase-).Conclusions The uptake of 68Ga-NGR is higher than 18F-FDG uptake in SMMC-7721 tumor bearing mice,therefore it is worthwhile to consider the feasibility of clinical translation for PET/CT in diagnosis of HCC.Furthermore,because of the difference in 68Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG avidities in tumors with different molecular phenotypes of CD13 and G6Pase,there is an underlying potential for molecular imaging in the determination of molecular phenotypes.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513617

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively compare the diagnostic capability of 68Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG in well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) bearing mice by microPET/CT imaging.Methods The in vitro cellular uptake, in vivo microPET/CT imaging and biodistribution studies of 68Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG were quantitatively compared in SMMC-7721-based well-differentiated HCC.The human fibrosarcoma (HT-1080) and human colorectal adenocarcinoma (HT-29) cells/xenografts were respectively used as positive and negative reference groups for CD13.The expression of CD13 was qualitatively verified by immunohistostaining.The levels of CD13 and glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) were semi-quantitatively analyzed by Western blot test for all 3 types of tumors.Two-sample t test was used for data analysis.Results The in vitro cellular uptake showed that the 68Ga-NGR uptake in SMMC-7721 and HT-1080 cells was higher than that in HT-29 cells, and the 68Ga-NGR uptake was higher than 18F-FDG uptake in SMMC-7721 cells.The in vivo microPET/CT imaging results revealed that the uptake of 68Ga-NGR in SMMC-7721 tumor was (2.17±0.21) %ID/g, remarkably higher compared to (0.73±0.26) %ID/g of 18F-FDG uptake (t=8.826, P<0.01).The tumor/liver ratio of 68Ga-NGR was 2.05±0.16, which was 2.03-fold higher than that of 18F-FDG.In the HT-1080 tumors, the uptakes of 68Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG were both high, and the values were (2.46±0.23) %ID/g, (3.47±0.31) %ID/g.The uptake of 68Ga-NGR was significantly lower than that of 18F-FDG in HT-29 tumors: (0.67±0.20) %ID/g vs (3.17±0.29) %ID/g;t=4.221, P<0.01.Western blot and immunohistostaining results were as follows: HT-1080(CD13+, G6Pase-), SMMC-7721(CD13+, G6Pase+), HT-29(CD13-, G6Pase-).Conclusions The uptake of 68Ga-NGR is higher than 18F-FDG uptake in SMMC-7721 tumor bearing mice, therefore it is worthwhile to consider the feasibility of clinical translation for PET/CT in diagnosis of HCC.Furthermore, because of the difference in 68Ga-NGR and 18F-FDG avidities in tumors with different molecular phenotypes of CD13 and G6Pase, there is an underlying potential for molecular imaging in the determination of molecular phenotypes.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502381

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the optimal conditions of preparing 68Ga-DOTA-iNGR (NGR peptide containing CendR motif),to evaluate its biodistribution in normal mice and to perform microPET imaging in tumor-bearing nude mice.Methods 68Ga fresh eluent (200 μl,92.5-129.5 MBq) obtaining with 68Ge-68Ga radionuclide generator was used to label DOTA-iNGR.The optimal conditions of labeling including pH,temperature,reacting time and concentration of DOTA-iNGR were determined.Then,the in vitro and in vivo stability and octanol/water partition coefficient of 68Ga-DOTA-iNGR were further analyzed.The biodistribution in normal Kunming mice was examined at 10,20,40,60 and 120 min after injection of 68Ga-DOTA-iNGR.Nude mice bearing HT-1080 (CDl3-positive) and HT-29 (CDl3-negative) tumors were established and underwent microPET imaging at 1 h after the intravenous injection of 68Ga-DOTA-iNGR.Data were analyzed using independent-sample t test.Results The optimal conditions of labeling was mixing 2 μg DOTA-iNGR peptide with 200 μl 68Ga (92.5-129.5 MBq) at pH 4.0,temperature 90-100 ℃ for 5-10 min.Under this condition,labeling rate reached (97.5± 1.3)%.The radiochemical purity of 68Ga-DOTA-iNGR in both saline (room temperature) and mouse serum (37 C) were both above 95% after 4 h incubation,and the radiochemical purity in urine was greater than 85% after 1 h metabolism in vivo.The partition coefficient was-2.71±0.18.In normal mice,majority of 68Ga-DOTA-iNGR was excreted from kidneys with a rapid clearance from blood.The in vivo microPET imaging showed that 68Ga-DOTA-iNGR was remarkably accumulated in the CD13-positive HT-1080 tumor.Conclusions Labeling DOTA-iNGR with 68Ga under our condition is a simple and efficient procedure with high labeling rate and high specificity.The product 68Ga-DOTA-iNGR has high stability,ideal biodistribution,and specific binding to CD13-positive tumor,which means that it's a very promising molecular probe for noninvasively detecting CD13-positive tumor.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 500-506, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477933

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare dual?modality single?photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)?MRI molecular nanoprobes targeting HAb18G/CD147 expressed on breast cancer cell membranes and investigate the physicochemical and biological properties in vitro. Methods Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs) were prepared by one?pot reaction method as described. The single?chain antibody fragments HAb18F(ab')2 were conjugated to SPIOs via chemical method and then labeled with 125I using Iodogen method. The final 125I?SPIO?HAbF18(ab')2 nanoprobes were purified. SPIOs or 125I?HAb18F(ab')2 were used as control. We carried preliminary evaluation on their physicochemical properties and biological characteristics in vitro: transmission electron microscope (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) were used to measure these nanoparticle sizes and the hydrodynamic diameters. The MRI T2 transverse relaxation efficiency of these nanoprobes at different Fe2+concentrations were measured with 1.5 T clinical MR scanner. The 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2 and 125I?HAb18F(ab')2 radiochemical purity were measured by thin layer chromatography and the radio chemical yield was calculated. We also conducted stability tests in vitro and octanol/water partition coefficient experiments. Two breast tumor cell lines, MDA?MB?231 (HAb18G?overexpressing cells,experimental group) and MDA?MB?468 (control), were used for assessment of cells viability at different Fe2 + concentrations (1, 5, 10, 20, 40 μg/ml) by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay. Specific binding experiments in vitro included two parts:magnetic resonance imaging and radionuclide tests, the above?mentioned breast cancer cell lines were incubated with 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2 nanoprobes respectively and took MDA?MB?231 cells which were not treated as blank group. First comparing the MR signal intensity differences among experimental group, the control group and blank group, then calculated the rate of MRI signal changes;Two breast tumor cell lines, MDA?MB?231 and MDA?MB?468 were incubated with 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2 nanoprobes too, then measured radioactivity counting byγcounter at different time and calculated the cell binding rates, and did statistical analysis by using one?way ANOVA. Results The SPIOs were fairly homogeneous with an average core size of (10.32±1.30) nm;the SPIO and 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2 hydrodynamic diameter of 44.80 and 52.64 nm, and MRI scanning showed that the transverse relaxation efficiency of SPIO and 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2 were 38.79 and 106.73 mM-1 · s-1, respectively. The radio chemical yield of 125I?SPIO?HAbF18(ab')2 and 125I?HAb18F(ab')2 were 41.90% and 85.50%, respectively. The radio chemical yield of the two groups were >95%, suggesting well stability in vitro. The lipo?hydro partition coefficient values were -0.99 ± 0.03 and-1.49 ± 0.08, respectively, which demonstrated that they were both water?soluble substances. Different Fe2+concentrations (1,5,10,20,40μg/ml) of 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2 on breast cancer cell lines MDA?MB?231 and MDA?MB?468 showed no significant inhibition of cell proliferation (F values were 0.78, 0.66; P values were 0.58, 0.66). The cell?specific binding experiment showed: MRI signal intensity values on experimental group, the control group and the blank group were (1 670 ± 5), (1 930 ± 8), (2 349 ± 14), respectively, significant differences existed among these groups (F=4 408.48,P=0.000), the rate of signal intensity change of experimental group and the control group were 28.87%,17.78%. SPECT:MDA?MB?231 could uptake 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2, the cell binding rates were (6.52 ± 0.60)% and (10.52 ± 2.04)% in 20 min and 4 h, respectively.Conclusions Our results suggested that the dual?modality SPECT?MRI nanoprobes 125I?SPIO?HAb18F(ab')2 were prepared successfully with good physicochemical properties and biological characteristics in vitro. These dual?modality molecular imaging nano?probes may have potential to improvearly detection and diagnosis of HAb18G/CD147?expressing cancers and to facilitate the development of HAb18G/CD147?directed interventions.

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