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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924407


The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on the performance of cardiovascular surgery in Japan. The information gathered may be useful to prepare for a surgery in Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) positive patients and prevent COVID-19 transmission from surgical patients to healthcare workers. [Methods] A web-based questionnaire was distributed to all accredited cardiovascular surgery centers in Japan. A total of 550 questionnaires were sent, and 310 (56.4%) were returned. [Results] Preoperative PCR or antigen testing was performed in all patients at 68.8% of centers. The proportion of surgeries postponed or cancelled was the highest for elective valvular and aortic surgeries and for emergency aortic surgeries. In most facilities elective surgeries were restricted to less than 50% of usual case volumes, while approximately 40% did not experience any negative impact on the case volume. Among the surgical patients, 32 were suspected to be SARS-CoV-2 positive, and 10 were confirmed. As preventive measures against spreading infection, more than 90% of the patients wore N95 masks, 33.3% full PPE, and 66.7% N95 mask+face shield. No case of patient-to-healthcare-worker transmission was reported. There were no postoperative deaths among the confirmed SARS-CoV-2 patients. [Conclusion] Restriction of surgical practice was placed on many institutions in the COVID-19 pandemic, but the degree of restrictions varied. Preoperative screening of all surgical patients and intraoperative use of PPE in those with suspected or confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection adequately prevented transmission to healthcare workers. Since COVID-19 has a nationwide impact, it is important to continuously monitor surgical outcomes and infection rate by conducting perioperative surveys of COVID-19 patients.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379343


<p>An 84-year-old woman was referred due to an abnormal shadow on her chest X-ray. Computed tomography and coronary angiography revealed a left coronary artery aneurysm associated with a complex coronary-pulmonary artery fistula. We present our surgical strategy used to treat this complicated pathology.</p>

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375448


A 72-year-old woman was admitted to our department with a diagnosis of severe aortic stenosis was also diagnosed Inherited antithrombin deficiency was also diagnosed after she suffered from a pulmonary thromboembolic event 10 years previously and had been taking warfarin since then. On admission, her antithrombin activity was 53% of normal, and her PT-INR level was maintained around 2.5. Preoperative management of anticoagulation therapy included discontinuation of warfarin, and supplementation of antithrombin with heparin infusion. On the day of operation, antithrombin activity was maintained above 80% by administering antithrombin, and aortic valve replacement with a mechanical valve prosthesis was carried out under standard cardiopulmonary bypass support using heparin. Heparin infusion was continued with antithrombin supplementation until PT-INR recovered to round 2.5 with warfarin. Her intra- and postoperative courses did not show any thromboembolic events, and she was discharged 14 days after the surgery.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-363065


A 44-year-old man who received left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation for end-stage heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy suffered from mediastinitis. Computed tomography confirmed mediastinitis. His mediastinum was reopened and irrigated. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) was applied to the wound without closing the chest. This system enabled the patient to receive early physical rehabilitation. One year after LVAD implantation, under NPWT, the patient could walk in the general ward, and was waiting for cardiac transplantation. We used some useful materials for NPWT including a coatable non-alcoholic film, flexible sealing sheet, soft exudate absorber, in order to control wound clean, keep air-tight, prevent damage to the skin and to reduce mediastinal instability. LVAD implantation is usually performed as a bridge to transplantation or recovery. One of the most critical complications is intractable mediastinitis. We described a successful infection control of LVAD related mediastinitis with the NPWT.

Asian Nursing Research ; : 57-63, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-31969


PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Seattle Angina Questionnaire, Japanese version (SAQ-J) as a disease-specific health outcome scale in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: Patients with coronary artery disease were recruited from a university hospital in Tokyo. The patients completed self-administered questionnaires, and medical information was obtained from the subjects' medical records. Face validity, concurrent validity evaluated using Short Form 36 (SF-36), known group differences, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 354 patients gave informed consent, and 331 of them responded (93.5%). The concurrent validity was mostly supported by the pattern of association between SAQ-J and SF-36. The patients without chest symptoms showed significantly higher SAQ-J scores than did the patients with chest symptoms in 4 domains. Cronbach's alpha ranged from .51 to .96, meaning that internal consistency was confirmed to a certain extent. The intraclass correlation coefficient of most domains was higher than the recommended value of 0.70. The weighted kappa ranged from .24 to .57, and it was greater than .4 for 14 of the 19 items. CONCLUSIONS: The SAQ-J could be a valid and reliable disease-specific scale in some part for measuring health outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease, and requires cautious use.

Asian People , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Humans , Informed Consent , Medical Records , Reproducibility of Results , Thorax , Tokyo , Surveys and Questionnaires
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366024


From January 1987 to October 1992, 60 consecutive patients operated on for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) were reviewed to evaluate the effect of previous laparotomies giving on the results of aneurysmal surgery. Eleven of 60 patients had previous laparotomies. Two of them required emergency operation for ruptured aneurysms. One of them died during surgery as a result of excessive hemorrhage prior to cross-clamping the aorta. Severe peritoneal adhesion had made if difficult to properly expose the aorta for cross-clamping to control hemorrhage. There were no statistical significance in mortality between the previous laparotomy and non-laparotomy groups. Excluding ruptured cases, we compared the previous laparotomy group (9 patients) and non-laparotomy group (37 patients) with reference to perioperative factors, including operation time, blood loss, non-oral feeding days, bed-ridden days, and hospital stay but there were no statistically significant differences. These results suggested that previous laparotomy is not a serious risk factor in operations for AAA.