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1.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 54-58, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663844

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect on incomplete spinal injury by ganglioside intravenous injection combined with intrathecal injection.Methods From January 2011 to January 2015, seventy-nine cases with irreducible articular process interlocking of cervical spine fracture with dislocation of cervical spinal cord injury,underwent one stage anterior and posterior surgical treatment,postoperative routine use of antibiotics to prevent infection,and the hormone,dehydration to promote bone cell growth and neurotrophic drugs treatment.The patients were randomly divided into the intravenous injection group(42 cases),given intravenous injection of monalsialic acid four hexose ganglioside sodium(GM-1)40 mg/d,mecobalamin tablets 0.5 mg/time,3 times/d,30 d oral;the combined intrathecal injection group(37 cases)was given GM-1 40 mg/d,intravenous injection at 15 d after intrathecal injection,1 time a week 40 mg,with a total of 4 weeks.The degree of spinal cord injury was evaluated according to Frankel classification; cervical function was evaluated according to JOA score; bone graft fusion,stability of cervical spine and degree of spinal cord injury were evaluated by imaging.Results The operation time in the intravenous injection group and the combined intrathecal injection group were(4.15 ± 0.65)h and(4.10 ± 0.85)h,and the intraoperative blood loss was(850.50±35.10)ml and(858.60±25.20)ml,respectively,and there were no significant differences between the two groups(t=1.375,1.452,P>0.05).The total dose of GM-1 in the combined intrathecal injection group was(785.20 ± 3.28)mg,significantly higher than that in the intravenous injection group((610.55 ± 5.28) mg),the difference was statistically significant(t=12.542,P<0.05);79 patients were followed up for 12-24 months,with an average of(15.2 ± 1.3)months.The improvement rate of nerve function of the combined intrathecal injection group was(64.35±4.33)%,significantly higher than that in the intravenous injection group (55.50±5.44)%,the difference was statistically significant(t=8.813,P<0.05);the postoperative JOA scores of the intravenous injection group((13.55 ± 1.75)points)and combined intrathecal injection group((12.85 ±1.97)points)were significantly higher than those before the surgery((7.25± 0.83)points,(7.19± 0.93) points),the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the JOA scores between the two groups before and after the operation(P>0.05).At the last follow-up,X-ray showed bone fusion at the bone graft site,and the internal fixation was good and firm.MR showed that the degeneration signal area of the cervical spinal cord decreased in varying degrees,and edema and inflammatory reaction disappeared.Conclusion Postoperative treatment of ganglioside intravenous injection combined with intrathecal injection is safe and feasible in the treatment of incomplete cervical spinal cord injury caused by cervical fracture dislocation with irreducible articular process interlocking.

2.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 162-165, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512017

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of Cerus and cucumis polypeptide injection in the prevention of heterotopic ossification for the drug treatment of traumatic knee joint fracture after operation.Methods To retrospect the analysis about 150 cases with fracture reduction and internal fixation of traumatic around the knee joint fracture from January 2010 to January 2014 in Daliang Hospital of Shunde District of Foshan,including 89 cases of reduction and internal fixation were performed in group A,and with safflower injection infusion therapy,61 cases with allergic constitution were not given by Cerus and cucumis polypeptide injection in group B.According to the activity degree and HSS scoring system,the function of knee joint was evaluated before and after operation.According to the condition of arounding knee joint bone fracture healing and heterotopic ossification in X-ray and CT examination and to compare the correlation of probability between heterotopic ossification and Cerus and cucumis polypeptide injection in traumatic around knee joint fracture.Results All were followed up with 12.0-24.0 months,with average(13.6±2.2)months.Activity of knee joint between group A and B were respectively(47.2±7.3)°,(46.4±6.8)°before treatment,and HSS score of group A and B were respectively(50.8±10.0)points,(51.5±9.6)points,so there were no statistically significant difference(P>0.05).Activity of knee joint between group A and B were respectively(115.1±6.5)°,(112.1±7.8)°at the time of the last follow-up,and HSS score of group A and B were respectively(86.2±5.0)points,(85.5±7.0)points,so there were no statistically significant difference(P>0.05).There were statistically significant difference in activity of knee joint and HSS scores in group A or in group B at the time of the last follow-up(t=13.322,12.898,10.052,10.435,P<0.05).The incidence of heterotopic ossification was 8.99%(8/89)in group A,the incidence of heterotopic ossification was 1.64%(1/61)in group B,there were statistically significant difference between A and B(x2=10.873,P<0.05).Conclusion During the drug treatment,there is a correlation between heterotopic ossification and Cerus and cucumis polypeptide injection used in traumatic around knee joint fracture after operation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319445

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the proteins involved in osteogenic differentiation of beagle dog bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and explore its possible regulation mechanism of osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cultured beagle dog BMSCs were induced by recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) for 7 days. The differentially expressed proteins between cells with osteogenic differentiation and control cells were identified by proteomics analysis based on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Q-PCR and Western blotting were used to verify the interested protein of LASP1, ferritin light chain and heavy chain.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Osteogenic differentiation was induced successfully in the BMSCs. Twenty differentially expressed proteins were identified by proteomic analysis, including 9 down-regulated and 11 up-regulated ones. Q-PCR and Western blotting demonstrated a significant reduction of LASP1 expression and significant up-regulation of ferritin in the BMSCs after a 7-day induction with rhBMP-2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LASP1, which plays an important role in the regulation of the activity of the cytoskeleton, and ferritin, an important molecule in cellular iron homeostasis, can be critical in the osteogenic differentiation of beagle dog BMSCs induced by rhBMP-2.</p>


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Metabolism , Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Pharmacology , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Metabolism , Dogs , Down-Regulation , Ferritins , Metabolism , LIM Domain Proteins , Metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Osteogenesis , Proteomics , Recombinant Proteins , Pharmacology , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Pharmacology , Up-Regulation
4.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 52-55, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435674

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate effect of Murphy's law on the nursing safety management of the hemodialysis patients. Methods 4598 hemodialysis cases in a blood purification center of a first class grade A hospital from April to July in 2011 was assigned as pre-implementation group.Then Murphy's law was used in the nursing practice.In the following,another 5683 hemodialysis cases from November in 2011 to January in 2012 were assigned as post-implementation group.The incidence of nursing risks and hemodialysis equipment failures were compared between the two groups.Result The incidences of nursing risks and hemodialysis equipment failures in the post-implementation group were significantly lower than those of the pre-implementation group(P<0.05).Conclusions Murphy’s law is effective for the declines of nursing manipulative defects and hemodialysis equipment failures.Besides,the law can be good for the strengthened awareness of safety and enhanced consciousness of all staff participating in the safety management so as to ensure the safety and quality of hemodialysis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435045

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of Alemtuzumab on acute rejection (AR) and graft survival after kidney transplantation.Method Published domestic and foreign literatures regarding the effects of Alemtuzumab used on acute rejection and graft survival were reviewed,and Meta analysis was employed to analyze the Results.Odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were used as the parameters to evaluate the therapeutic effects.The statistical analyses were performed with RevMan 5.1 software.Result A total of 9 pertinent research articles were reviewed.Meta-analysis of pooled results indicated that Alemtuzumab prevented the recipients of kidney transplantation from acute rejection effectively with half year prevention of OR 0.37 and 95% CI 0.24-0.58 (P<0.01),one year prevention of OR 0.43 and 95 % CI 0.29-0.64 (P<0.01),and two year prevention of OR 0.69 and 95% CI 0.47-1.02 (P < 0.01),respectively.It was revealed that Alemtuzumab could reduce the incidence of acute rejection by 55% in half year,51% in one year and 28% in two years,respectively.No statistically significant difference in graft survival was found between Alemtuzumab group and control group (OR =1.18,95% CI 0.76-1.85,P =0.46).No statistically significant difference in patients' survival was found between Alemtuzumab group and control group (OR =0.94,95 % CI 0.52-1.72,P =0.85).Conclusion Alemtuzumab may effectively prevent the recipients of kidney transplantation from acute rejection,but not obviously influence the graft and patient survival.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430964

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the optimized method of venous anastomosis for right donor kidney transplantation in rats.Methods Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were used as donors and recipients for homologous rat kidney transplantation.Both bilateral kidneys were harvested from the donor rats (n =45).Ninety rats were used as recipients and divided into 4 groups according to randomly digital table:In groups AC (n =15 each),the right donor kidneys were transplanted into the left nephridial pit of recipients,and endto-side,venous bypass and modified end-toend (donor's proximal end of vena cava was anastomosed to recipients renal Vein followed by ligation of its distal end) venous anastomosis was done,respectively; In the control group (n =45),the left donor kidneys were transplanted into the same side of the recipients,and the conventional end-to-end venous anastomosis was used.Then the intra-operative findings,successful operation rate and postoperative complications were compared between two groups.Results The venous anastomosis time in group B was longer than in groups A,C and control group (P<0.05),which significantly increased warm ischemia time of donor kidneys and operative time of recipients (P<0.05).The venous anastomosis time,warm ischemia time of donor kidneys and operative time of recipients showed no significant difference between groups A or C and control group (P>0.05).The successful operation rate in group C (93.3%)was similar to that in control group (86.7%) (P>0.05),but higher than in group A (53.3%) and group B (53.3%) (P<0.05).There was no significant difference in postoperative complications between group A and group C.Conclusion For right donor kidney transplantation,the method of harvesting the right donor kidney with a part of vena cava,and then anastomosing the proximal end to recipients renal vein and ligating the distal end,is highly feasible,efficient and economic.

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