Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 2 de 2
Add filters

Year range
IJKD-Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases. 2011; 5 (1): 25-28
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-110946


Fasciotomy may increase the morbidity and mortality in patients with crush-induced acute kidney injury [AKI], by creating an open wound, increasing the risk of bleeding, coagulopathy, and potentially fatal sepsis. This study evaluates the outcomes of fasciotomy in these patients after Bam earthquake in Iran. We reviewed medical records of victims of Bam earthquake complicated with crush-induced AKI. Demographic, biochemical, and clinical data of patients who underwent fasciotomy were evaluated and compared with other patients with AKI. Fasciotomy was performed for 70 of 200 patients with crush-induced AKI [35.0%]. There were no significant differences regarding sex, age, time under the rubble, and muscle enzymes level between these patients and those without fasciotomy. They did not experience higher rates of disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, sepsis, adult respiratory distress syndrome, amputation, and dialysis session. Neither did they have a longer hospitalization period or higher death rate. This study showed that fasciotomy did not have any deteriorating effect on morbidity and mortality of patients with crush-induced AKI after Bam earthquake

Humans , Male , Crush Syndrome , Earthquakes , Rhabdomyolysis , Cross-Sectional Studies
Tanaffos. 2007; 6 (2): 63-67
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-85430


Six to eight million people are infected with tuberculosis [TB] annually throughout the world, out of which 2 to 3 million die. BCG vaccination and its efficacy are always used in tuberculosis control planning. There are different rates of BCG vaccination efficacy in the world from 0 to 80%. BCG vaccine has different efficacy in endemic and non-endemic areas. The prevalence of tuberculosis in Iran is high; therefore it was necessary to perform a study in this regard. This was a case-control descriptive study conducted from 2001- 2003. There were 50 cases of active pulmonary tuberculosis [according to WHO definitions], and 100 controls without tuberculosis admitted for other reasons. Vaccination was done in 10 [20%] people in the case group and 36 [36%] people in the control group [OR: 43%].Thus vaccine efficacy was calculated to be 57% in this study from the equation VE=1-OR [CI: 95% between 0.04-0.81]. Twenty percent of vaccinated people have been protected from active tuberculosis in this study. In this study vaccine efficacy was 57% [CI: 95% between 4-81%], and protection rate of vaccinated people against active tuberculosis was 20%. The effectiveness of BCG vaccine is not constant in all situations and old age and past history of contact with TB patients are confounding factors causing the low efficacy of the vaccine. While case control studies have limitations; thus, similar studies should be planned in different parts of our country for more accurate results

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Tuberculosis/prevention & control , Case-Control Studies