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Cell Journal [Yakhteh]. 2019; 20 (4): 483-495
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-199617


Objective: Using mesenchymal stem cells [MSCs] is regarded as a new therapeutic approach for improving fibrotic diseases.The aim of this study to evaluate the feasibility and safety of systemic infusion of autologous adipose tissue-derived MSCs [AD-MSCs] in peritoneal dialysis [PD] patients with expected peritoneal fibrosis

Materials and Methods: This study was a prospective, open-label, non-randomized, placebo-free, phase I clinical trial. Case group consisted of nine eligible renal failure patients with more than two years of history of being on PD. Autologous AD-MSCs were obtained through lipoaspiration and expanded under good manufacturing practice conditions. Patients received 1.2 +/- 0.1×106 cell/kg of AD-MSCs via cubital vein and then were followed for six months at time points of baseline, and then 3 weeks, 6 weeks, 12 weeks, 16 weeks and 24 weeks after infusion. Clinical, biochemical and peritoneal equilibration test [PET] were performed to assess the safety and probable change in peritoneal solute transport parameters

Results: No serious adverse events and no catheter-related complications were found in the participants. 14 minor reported adverse events were self-limited or subsided after supportive treatment. One patient developed an episode of peritonitis and another patient experienced exit site infection, which did not appear to be related to the procedure. A significant decrease in the rate of solute transport across peritoneal membrane was detected by PET [D/P cr=0.77 vs. 0.73, P=0.02]

Conclusion: This study, for the first time, showed the feasibility and safety of AD-MSCs in PD patients and the potentials for positive changes in solute transport. Further studies with larger samples, longer follow-up, and randomized blind control groups to elucidate the most effective route, frequency and dose of MSCs administration, are necessary [Registration Number: IRCT2015052415841N2]

IJI-Iranian Journal of Immunology. 2010; 7 (1): 30-38
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-105822


Unrestricted somatic stem cells [USSC] are cord blood stem cells that have been considered as candidates for the regulation of immune responses. Therefore, potential exists for their use in the suppression of immune response after transplantation surgery. The aim of this study was evaluation of the effect of USSC on mixed lymphocyte reaction [MLR] as a model for graft rejection. USSC and mesanchymal stem cells [MSC] were isolated and cultured from cord blood and bone morrow, respectively. The immunophenotypes of USSC and MSC were evaluated by flow cytometery and USSC and MSC were cocultured with peripheral blood lymphocytes [PBL] in an MLR to evaluate the immunomodulatory effect of these cells as a percentage of the control response. Current study demonstrated that proliferation of lymphocytes in the MLR was decreased after treatment with USSC, in a similar fashion to that seen with MSC. It can be concluded that USSC have similar regulatory effects as MSC on the MLR, which can be used as an indicator for potential organ rejection after transplantation. Therefore, the immunoregulatory effect of these cells could be used in the clinic during organ transplantation and in the management of autoimmunity

Immunomodulation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Stem Cells , /immunology , Transplantation Immunology