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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 120-123, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837729

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the correlation between macular mierostructure changes and visual outcomes after scleral buckling for macular-off primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment(RRD)by three-dimensional optical coherence tomography(3D-OCT).<p>METHODS: Retrospective case review, the clinical data of scleral buckling in 30 eyes of 30 cases of RRD involving macular area were analyzed retrospectively. The changes of ellipsoid zone(EZ), external 1imiting membrane(ELM), subretinal fluid(SRF)and central retinal thickness(CRT)were observed and the relationship between them and best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)was analyzed by 3D-OCT at 2d, 2wk, 1, 3 and 6mo after operation.<p>RESULTS: Postoperative SRFH and CRT showed a descended trend. Postoperative BCVA showed an ascendant trend. Multiple comparisons: there were significant difference in each groups except SRFH(2wk <i>vs</i> 1mo, <i>P</i>>0.05), CRT(2d <i>vs</i> 2wk, <i>P</i>>0.05), BCVA(2d <i>vs</i> preoperation, 2wk <i>vs</i> preoperation, <i>P</i>>0.05). There are four forms of EZ and ELM::9 eyes, intact ELM and EZ(EZ+ELM+); B: 7 eyes, intact ELM with disrupted EZ:(EZ-ELM+); AC: 6 eyes, intact EZ with disrupted ELM:(EZ+ELM-); D: 8 eyes, disrupted ELM and EZ:(EZ-ELM-), the BCVA of the above four types are 0.15±0.04, 0.50±0.06, 0.54±0.05 and 0.59±0.09, there were significant difference in each groups except(C <i>vs</i> B, <i>P></i>0.05)and(C <i>vs</i> D, <i>P</i>>0.05). The incidence of SRF was 87% 2d after operation, 46.6% patients had persistent SRF at 6mo after operation. Postoperative CRT was positively correlated with postoperative SRFH.<p>CONCLUSION: After scleral buckling, the macular microstructure showed dynamic changes. The effect of SRF may be manifested as BCVA delayed recovery. With the slow absorption of SRF, CRT decreased and BCVA increased. The intact ELM or EZ shows better vision, but the disrupted ELM means worse vision.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878896

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Compound Glycyrrhizin Injection(CGI) in improving liver damage in chronic hepatitis B(CHB). PubMed, Web of Science, SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases were retrieved from their inception to February 10, 2020. The randomized controlled trial(RCT) of CGI in the treatment of CHB was included. Data were independently extracted by two authors, and the methodological quality was evaluated using the Cochrane bias risk assessment tool by other two authors. Statistical analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software. A total of 18 two-armed RCTs were included, involving 1 915 participants. The methodological quality of all studies included was generally low. In the comparison between CGI and diammonium glycyrrhizinate, the results showed that CGI was superior to the control group in improving the overall clinical effectiveness, but there was no statistical difference between the two groups in increasing ALT normalization rate, reducing ALT and AST level. In the comparison between CGI and diammonium glycyrrhizinate+other general hepatoprotective drugs, the results showed that CGI was superior to the control group in reducing AST level, while there was no statistical difference between the two groups in reducing ALT level and increasing overall clinical effectiveness. In the comparison between CGI+other commonly used drugs(including energy mixture, glutathione, vitamins, potassium magnesium aspartate) and diammonium glycyrrhizinate+other commonly used drugs, the results showed that CGI combined with other commonly used drugs was better than the control group in reducing ALT and AST level and improving the clinical total effective rate, and there was no statistical difference between the two groups in increasing the rate of ALT normalization. In the comparison between CGI+other commonly used drugs and other commonly used drugs, the results showed that CGI combined with other commonly used drugs was superior to the control group in reducing ALT and AST level and improving the overall clinical effectiveness. In the comparison between CGI+vitamins and diammonium glycyrrhizinate+potassium magnesium aspartate+vitamins, the results showed no statistical difference between the two groups in reducing AST level. A small number of studies included reported that CGI caused mild adverse reactions when used alone or in combination with other drugs. Based on the results, CGI has a certain effect in improving CHB liver damage, but the evidence is not enough to prove that CGI would cause serious adverse events. In the future, more well-designed and strictly-enforced RCT with an adequate sample size are needed to further evaluate the effect CGI in alleviating CHB liver damage.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883422

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the therapeutic effect of drum room injection and intramuscular injection of rat nerve growth factor on occupational noise-induced deafness (ONID).Methods:Sixty-six patients with ONID treatment from January 2018 to December 2019 in the People′s Hospital of Liaoning Province were divided into control group and study group by random number table, with 33 patients in each group. On the basis of conventional treatment, all patients in the study group were injected with 20 μg rat nerve growth factor in the drum room, and each ear was injected once every other day. The control group was given intramuscular injection of rat nerve growth factor 20 μg per day, and the patients in two groups were treatment for 28 d. The hearing threshold of left and right whisper frequency of the two groups were compared. The improvement of tinnitus, dizziness, headache, insomnia, other symptoms and the scores of Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) was compared between the two groups.Results:Before treatment, the hearing thresholds of left whisper frequency and right whisper frequency in two groups had no significant differences ( P>0.05). After treatment, the hearing thresholds of left whisper frequency and right whisper frequency in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group: (23.8 ± 4.2) dB/HL vs. (34.5 ± 3.9) dB/HL, (23.2 ± 4.4) dB/HL vs. (35.9 ± 5.1) dB/HL, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). After treatment, tinnitus and dizziness symptom improvement rate in the study group were higher than those in the control group: 93.3% (28/30) vs. 72.4% (21/29), 15/17 vs. 8/16, and there were statistically significant differences ( χ2 = 4.584 and 5.705, P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the improvement rate of headache and insomnia symptoms between 2 groups ( P>0.05). The total effective rate in the treatment group was significantly higher than that in the control group: 90.9% (30/33) vs. 69.7% (23/33), and there was statistical difference ( χ2 = 4.694, P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of HAMD of 2 groups were significantly decreased, and the scores of HAMD in the study group was lower than that in control group: (8.46 ± 3.13) scores vs. (10.55 ± 3.83) scores, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05). The incidence of total adverse reactions between 2 groups had no significant difference ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The injection of mouse nerve growth factor into drum room to treat ONID can effectively improve the hearing level of patients, alleviate tinnitus and dizziness symptoms and improve adverse mood without obvious adverse reactions.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776799

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out prenatal diagnosis for a fetus with ultrasonographic abnormality.@*METHODS@#Chromosomal karyotyping and array comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) analysis were applied for the diagnosis. Peripheral blood samples were also taken from the parents for chromosome karyotyping analysis.@*RESULTS@#The fetal karyotype showed additional material of unknown-origin attached to Yq. Array CGH analysis confirmed that the material was derived from 3q22.1q29. The father was found to carry a balanced translocation 46, X, t(Y;3)(q12;q23) (which was diagnosed as 46,XY,Y≥18 elsewhere), whilst the mother was found to be normal.@*CONCLUSION@#3q partial trisomy may present as malformation of multiple systems. Combination of chromosome karyotyping and array-CGH can provide reliable diagnosis for fetuses with abnormalities by ultrasonography.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3 , Genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Female , Fetus , Humans , Karyotyping , Male , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Trisomy
5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 844-848, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810738

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study was to understand the status of health examination on public health employees in Beijing, in order to further standardize the health management of the employees.@*Methods@#Questionnaire surveys and personal interviews were produced to obtain the basic information, physical examination, occupational training, knowledge of health laws and regulations, and satisfaction of employees. Pairwise comparison was conducted by chi-square test. Multivariate linear regression was used for multivariate analysis.@*Results@#The percentage of the public health employees who took the blood tests, X-ray examinations, fecal examinations, and skin examinations were 97.0%, 77.6%, 86.4%, and 51.0%, respectively. After excluding the skin examination, the completion rate of other examination items was 72.1%, and the difference of this rate between public hospitals and private hospitals were statistically significant (χ2=36.22, P<0.001; χ2=9.09, P=0.003; χ2=31.06, P<0.001). The percentage of correct answers to all the five questions was 3.2%, and age, working age and education level were positively correlated with knowledge scores of employees.@*Conclusions@#The problems in Beijing’s health examination of employees included poor examination quality, lack of supervision, inability to trace the source and low awareness rate of health knowledge, which suggested that counter measures should be taken immediately.

6.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 362-375, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763768

ABSTRACT

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a distinct neurodegenerative disease that associated with repetitive head trauma. CTE is neuropathologically defined by the perivascular accumulation of abnormally phosphorylated tau protein in the depths of the sulci in the cerebral cortices. In advanced CTE, hyperphosphorylated tau protein deposits are found in widespread regions of brain, however the mechanisms of the progressive neurodegeneration in CTE are not fully understood. In order to identify which proteomic signatures are associated with CTE, we prepared RIPA-soluble fractions and performed quantitative proteomic analysis of postmortem brain tissue from individuals neuropathologically diagnosed with CTE. We found that axonal guidance signaling pathwayrelated proteins were most significantly decreased in CTE. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis showed that axonal signaling pathway-related proteins were down regulated in neurons and oligodendrocytes and neuron-specific cytoskeletal proteins such as TUBB3 and CFL1 were reduced in the neuropils and cell body in CTE. Moreover, oligodendrocyte-specific proteins such as MAG and TUBB4 were decreased in the neuropils in both gray matter and white matter in CTE, which correlated with the degree of axonal injury and degeneration. Our findings indicate that deregulation of axonal guidance proteins in neurons and oligodendrocytes is associated with the neuropathology in CTE. Together, altered axonal guidance proteins may be potential pathological markers for CTE.


Subject(s)
Axons , Blotting, Western , Brain Injury, Chronic , Brain , Cell Body , Cerebral Cortex , Craniocerebral Trauma , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Gray Matter , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Neurons , Neuropathology , Neuropil , Oligodendroglia , tau Proteins , White Matter
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743766

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze driver genes status and its clinical characteristics of advanced lung adenocarcinoma, then evaluate the status of first-line treatment in a single centric real-world. Methods EGFR, ALK, ROS-1 gene in 204 advanced lung adenocarcinoma tissue were tested by ARMS-PCR method. And the relationship between driver genes status and clinical characteristics was analyzed as the first line treatment in real clinical practice. Results The positive rate of driver genes status in 204 advanced lung adenocarcinoma was 53.9% (110/204) , including EGFR mutation 46.1% (94/204) , ALK positive 6.4% (13/204) and ROS1 positive 1.5% (3/204). The driving genes status was significantly correlated with gender, smoking history, tumor staging and serosal invasion (P < 0.05). There were significantly differences among the proportion of first-line standard treatment in different subgroup (P = 0.000) , the first-line standard treatment rate of EGFR mutation, ALK/ROS1 positive and drive gene negative were 77.7%, 37.5%, and 46.8% respectively. And the ratio of using 1 st generation EGFR-TKIs in all patients is 70.6% (60/85). Conclusion More than half of advanced lung adenocarcinoma have driver genes changes, and EGFR-TKI first-line treatment has higher acceptability in real-word.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687980

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect potential mutation in a Chinese pedigree affected with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of the pedigree was collected. Coding regions of candidate genes were amplified by PCR and subjected to next generation sequencing (NGS). Suspected mutations were verified by Sanger sequencing and segregation analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two novel heterozygous mutations (c.1695dupC and c.552-563del) were respectively detected in the LRP5 and ZNF408 genes in the proband. Both mutations were inherited from the affected mother. By Sanger sequencing, the c.552-563del mutation was also detected among unaffected members, while the c.1695dupC mutation was only detected in affected members from the pedigree and was not recorded by the HGMD, NCBI, or 1000 genome database. Upon prenatal diagnosis, the fetus was found to carry the same mutations.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Combined NGS and Sanger sequencing not only can reduce the time required for diagnosis but also enable accurate prenatal diagnosis for FEVR.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Female , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-5 , Genetics , Mutation , Pedigree , Prenatal Diagnosis , Retinal Diseases , Genetics , Transcription Factors , Genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515256

ABSTRACT

Objective · To explore family medical intervention model of senile dementia with behavioral and psychological symptoms. Methods · Four streets of Changning District in Shanghai were randomly selected and subjects were enrolled according to the inclusion criteria, who were randomly divided into the intervention group (n=71) and control group (n=70). The intervention group received door-to-door service from psychiatric doctors, given drug treatment and psychological intervention. Subjects were evaluated by several scales, including Behavioral Pathology in Alzheimer's Disease Rating Scale (BEHAVE-AD), Mini-Mental State of Examination (MMSE), Activity of Daily Living Scale (ADL), Quality of Life-Alzheimer's Disease (QOL-AD), and Generic Quality of Life Inventory-74 (GQOLI-74), at baseline and by the end of 6 months and 12 months. Results · ① There was no significant difference in the total scores and all factor scores of BEHAVE-AD between the two groups before intervention (P>0.05). Repeated measures analysis of variance revealed a significant main effect of time (P0.05). Repeated measures analysis of variance revealed a significant main effect of time (P<0.001). The between-group effect was significant in the scores of MMSE and QOL-AD (P<0.001). The interactive effect of time×group was significant in the scores of MMSE, ADL, QOL-AD, and GQOLI-74 (P<0.05). ④ Inter-group comparison of MMSE, ADL, QOL-AD, and GQOLI-74 scores indicated that by the end of 6 months, scores of MMSE of the intervention group were remarkably better than those of the control group and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). By the end of 12 months, scores of MMSE, ADL, QOL-AD, and GQOLI-74 of the intervention group were remarkably better than those of the control group and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion · The family medical intervention model of door-to-door services from psychiatrists integrating multidisciplinary team is effective to attenuate the mental and behavioral symptoms of senile dementia patients, and can improve the quality of life of patients and caregivers. The effect of persistent implementation will be more remarkable.

10.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 954-956, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662211

ABSTRACT

Acute gangrenous cholecystitis is a histologic diagnosis,mostly diagnosed by intraoperative or postoperative pathology.In China,as the aging population increases,the incidence of the disease increases steadily.AGC is still an indication of surgical treatment for acute cholecystitis(AC),but the diagnosis and treatment of AGC remains a challenge for clinical surgeons.However,preoperative clinical data such as age, gender,hypertension,diabetes,coronary heart disease,cholelithiasis disease history,laboratory examination and radiographic results are helpful in early diagnosis and reasonable surgical timing selection.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 954-956, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659581

ABSTRACT

Acute gangrenous cholecystitis is a histologic diagnosis,mostly diagnosed by intraoperative or postoperative pathology.In China,as the aging population increases,the incidence of the disease increases steadily.AGC is still an indication of surgical treatment for acute cholecystitis(AC),but the diagnosis and treatment of AGC remains a challenge for clinical surgeons.However,preoperative clinical data such as age, gender,hypertension,diabetes,coronary heart disease,cholelithiasis disease history,laboratory examination and radiographic results are helpful in early diagnosis and reasonable surgical timing selection.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618894

ABSTRACT

Relevant projects carried out within the Yangtze River economic belt on the impact of schistosomiasis epidemic and transmission are important issues for ecological priority in the process of implementing the strategy. The key problems of schistosomiasis epidemic risk,epidemic happening repeatedly,difficulty of rehabilitating Oncomelania hupensis snail control and schistosomiasis prevention forest,lag of evaluation system and platform construction,lack of basic research,et al. were ana-lyzed in the Yangtze River economic belt taking ecological priority as the basis in this paper. Then corresponding countermea-sures to these challenges were put forward so as to provide the reference for the national forestry schistosomiasis control pro-grams,which include:execution of the comprehensive prevention and control strategy,scheming of the new round of forestry schistosomiasis control programs,strengthening schistosomiasis prevention and control,promoting productivity in existing forest-ry to consolidate and improve the achievements of previous forestry schistosomiasis control programs,and promoting the intensi-ty of technological innovation to improve the technological level of forestry schistosomiasis control programs.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct recombinant adenovirus vector Ad5-CCL20,and detect the expression of CCL20 after Ad5-CCL20 transfected colon cancer cells CT-26.Methods:Genes encoding CCL20 was obtained from original plasmid double-digested with EcoR I/Sal I enzymes.The CCL20 DNA segments were linked into pDC316 to recombine shuttle plasmid pDC316-CCL20.After genome sequencing,we take shuttle plasmid pDC316-CCL20 and plasmid backbone pBHGIox_E1,3Cre co-transfecting 293T cells in mediation of liposome.The constructed recombinant adenovirus vector was named Ad5-CCL20.Lastly,after Ad5-CCL20 transfected CT-26 cells in vitro,the expression of CCL20 at different time points (12h,24h,36h and48h)was detected by Western blot and Elisa.Then,Culture supernatant was added into iDC and mDC to evaluate the chemotactic activity of CCL20.Results:The recombinant adenovirus Ad5-CCL20 were successfully constructed.The expression of CCL20 was detected by Western blot and Elisa.The level of CCL20 expression was increased with prolonged incubation of the infected CT-26 cells.Chemotaxis experiments show that the chemokine CCL20 had chemotactic activity to the iDC and mDC,but more obviouly for iDC (P<0.05).Conclusion:The construction and obtain of recombinant adenovirus vector Ad5-CCL20 provide a new method for developing tumor immunotherapy.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2039-2042, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609910

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate therapeutic efficacy and safety of levamlodipine and telmisartan combined with hydro-chlorothiazide in the treatment of anti-dipper hypertension. METHODS:Totally 150 patients with anti-dipper hypertension were ran-domly divided into group A,B,C,with 50 cases in each group. Group A was given Telmisartan tablet 40 mg+Hydrochlorothiazide tablet 10 mg,once a day,in the morning. Group B was given Levamlodipine tablet 5 mg,once a day,in the night. Group C was given Telmisartan tablet(usage and dosage same as group A)+Hydrochlorothiazide tablet(usage and dosage same as group A)+Le-vamlodipine tablet(usage and dosage same as group B). Treatment courses of 3 groups lasted for 8 weeks. The changes of electro-lyte and 24 h ambulatory blood pressure were observed and compared among 3 groups before and after treatment. The incidence of adverse reactions was recorded. RESULTS:There was no statistical significance in the electrolyte indexes in 3 groups before and af-ter treatment(P>0.05). Before treatment,there was no statistical significance in 24 h blood pressure among 3 groups(P>0.05). Af-ter treatment,the 24 h blood pressure of the patients in the 3 groups after treatment was lower than before treatment,and group C was lower than that of the group A and group B(P0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Levamlodipine and telmisartan combined with hydrochlorothiazide show good therapeutic efficacy for anti-dipper hypertension,and can reduce 24 h blood pressure and effectively reverse anti-dipper rhythm with good safety.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239159

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy of the erlotinib versus gefitinib in the first-line treatment of patients with advanced EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty patients with untreated advanced EGFR mutation- positive NSCLC were randomly divided into gefitinib group (n=27) and erlotinib group (n=23). The progression-free survival, objective response rate and disease control rate were evaluated to compare the efficacy of gefitinib and erlotinib.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in the objective response rate (P=0.711) and disease control rate (P=0.861) between the two groups. The progression-free survival of gefitinib group and erlotinib group was 8.0 months and 10.0 months, respectively. The efficacy of the two drugs was similar (P=0.293).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There is no significant differences between gefitinib and erlotinib in the first-line treatment of patients with advanced EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Disease-Free Survival , Erlotinib Hydrochloride , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Mutation , Quinazolines , Therapeutic Uses , ErbB Receptors , Metabolism
16.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1724-1728, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479279

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore a more accurate and reliable pathological model of the chronic bronchitis , which has improved from the former single-factor modeling method of the disease .METHODS:The mice in complex group were treated with lipopolysaccharide ( LPS) by tracheal injection on the 1st day and nasal drops on the 14th day, and from the 2nd day to 30th day, the animals were given passive smoking and sulfur dioxide ( SO2 ) inhalation ( except on the 14th day).The mice in SO2 group were exposed to SO2 2 min per day, while in smoking group, the mice were exposed to smoke for about 1 h per day (4 cigarettes each time until one pack of cigarettes were burning up ).In LPS group, the mice had tracheal injection of LPS on the 1st day and nasal drops of LPS on the 14th day and 30th day.Every modeling process las-ted for 30 days.After modeling, the improvement of chronic bronchitis model was evaluated by testing the general condi-tions of the mice , analyzing leukocyte count in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid ( BALF ) , and observing the morphological changes of the bronchial and lung tissues .RESULTS:After modeling, the mice in every model group experienced symp-toms including wet nose, cough, dry and lusterless hair, arched back and curled-up body, showing inactive, and slow down in response .The mice in complex group gained the lowest weight compared to other groups .From each model group , the inflammatory cells infiltrated evidently around the bronchial walls , especially in the bronchial cavity , and the mucilage secretion in the airway increased .The total number of leukocytes in BALF increased significantly in complex group .The in-flammatory cell count in the lung tissue indicated that the mice in complex group had significantly higher levels of inflamma -tory cell infiltration.Besides, the comparison between smoke group and LPS group was statistically significant .CONCLU-SION:Smoking, SO2 inhalation and LPS injection induce bronchial lung disease in mice , and the complex chronic bron-chitis mouse model is a better model with the pathological changes of bronchus , lung tissue and BALF , and pathogenesis of chronic bronchitis .

17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 995-998, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319580

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the differences in semen quality between samples collected by masturbation in the clinic and at home.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on the WHO guidelines, we analyzed the ejaculates collected by masturbation in the clinic and at home from 342 men under infertility assessment and measured the contents of such biochemical markers in the seminal plasma as neutral α-glucosidase, zinc, and fructose. According to the location of semen collection, we divided the samples into two groups, clinic-collected and home-collected, and analyzed the differences in the semen parameters between the two groups with the SPSS 16.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the clinic-collected semen, the home-collected samples had significantly higher mean values in semen volume (4.0 vs 4.9%), sperm concentration (41 vs 64 x 10(6)/ml), total sperm count (175 vs 270 x 10(6) per ejaculate), progressive sperm motility (40 vs 52%), total count of progressively motile sperm (82 vs 135 x 10(6) per ejaculate) (all P <0.05). No significant differences were found between the two groups in normal sperm morphology (4.0 vs 5.0%) and the contents of neutral α-glucosidase (26 vs 24 mU per ejaculate), zinc (8.0 vs 8.0 μmol per ejaculate), and fructose (62 vs 60 μmol per ejaculate) (all P >0.05). Abnormal sperm concentration (<20 x 10(6)/ml) was observed in significantly fewer of the home-collected samples than the clinic-collected ones (18% [62/342] vs 30% [103/342], P<0.05), and so was abnormal progressive sperm motility (<32%) (64% [219/342] vs 75% [256/342], P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our findings show that semen samples collected by masturbation at home has a higher quality than those collected in the clinic. So the location of semen collection should be taken into consideration in infertility investigation.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Infertility, Male , Diagnosis , Male , Masturbation , Semen , Physiology , Semen Analysis , Methods , Specimen Handling , Methods , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , alpha-Glucosidases
18.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 813-816, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455559

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characters and therapy of primitive neuroectodermal tumor(PNET).Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted.A 36-year-old female patient was showed pain and numbness of the right upper limb and back for 6 months.The cervical spine MRI showed a spindleshaped intradural mass right ventrolateral of spinal cord at C5-7 with in homogeneously enhancing.Surgery and pathologic examination confirmed that was PNET.Combiled with a series of literatures to analyse the clinical characters Results Surgery was performed to remove the tumor and decompression combined with radiotherapy.The pathologic examination and immunohistochemical analysis revealed that it was PNET.MRI identified local recurrence in spinal canal at 3 month later after surgery.Conclusion Spinal PNET is an uncommon intraspinal tumor with poor prognosis.Histopathology is the evidence of diagnosis.Optimal therapy has not yet been found.Surgical resection with the combination of chemo-radiotherapy or radiotherapy might get the better outcomes.Multidisciplinary treatment should be further clinical required.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-102707

ABSTRACT

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is gradually widely used in prevention of gene diseases and chromosomal abnormalities. Much improvement has been achieved in biopsy technique and molecular diagnosis. Blastocyst biopsy can increase diagnostic accuracy and reduce allele dropout. It is cost-effective and currently plays an important role. Whole genome amplification permits subsequent individual detection of multiple gene loci and screening all 23 pairs of chromosomes. For PGD of chromosomal translocation, fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) is traditionally used, but with technical difficulty. Array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) can detect translocation and 23 pairs of chromosomes that may replace FISH. Single nucleotide polymorphisms array with haplotyping can further distinguish between normal chromosomes and balanced translocation. PGD may shorten time to conceive and reduce miscarriage for patients with chromosomal translocation. PGD has a potential value for mitochondrial diseases. Preimplantation genetic haplotyping has been applied for unknown mutation sites of single gene disease. Preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) using limited FISH probes in the cleavage-stage embryo did not increase live birth rates for patients with advanced maternal age, unexplained recurrent abortions, and repeated implantation failure. Polar body and blastocyst biopsy may circumvent the problem of mosaicism. PGS using blastocyst biopsy and array CGH is encouraging and merit further studies. Cryopreservation of biopsied blastocysts instead of fresh transfer permits sufficient time for transportation and genetic analysis. Cryopreservation of embryos may avoid ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and possible suboptimal endometrium.


Subject(s)
Abortion, Habitual , Abortion, Spontaneous , Alleles , Aneuploidy , Biopsy , Blastocyst , Chimera , Chromosome Aberrations , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Cryopreservation , Embryonic Structures , Endometrium , Female , Fluorescence , Genetic Testing , Genome , Humans , Live Birth , Mass Screening , Maternal Age , Mitochondrial Diseases , Mosaicism , Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome , Patient Dropouts , Polar Bodies , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Pregnancy , Preimplantation Diagnosis , Prostaglandins D , Translocation, Genetic , Transportation , Vitrification
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412433

ABSTRACT

An analysis of the existing incentives mechanism of performance appraisal for community health service centers, and insight into the challenges for linking the post performance appraisal in community health service centers with incentive measures. It is pointed out the administrators should take a variety of measures including material incentive, target incentive, knowledge incentive, and emotional incentive among others. In addition, such measures should be used sophistically, flexibly and reasonably, while timing of incentives should meet the human resource needs of the institution, notably a combination of positive incentive with negative ones,, mostly the former incentive.

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