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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366950


Infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysms were electively treated by bifurcated endovascular stent grafts (Power Web<sup>TM</sup> system, Endologix Co., USA) at 5 Japanese centers. The stent grafting (SG) was applied for candidates nominated by the selection committee after informed consent was obtained according to the IRB in each center. The delivery success rate of 60 patients (53 males) was 96.7%. There were 2 patients with type I endoleaks, resulting in a technical success rate of 93.3%. The operation time of 193±55min and blood loss of 440±240g were significantly shorter and less, respectively in the SG group when compared with 303±88min and 1, 496±2, 025g in 97 patients (83 males) treated by conventional open surgery. Endoleaks were detected in 4 patients (type I: 3, type II: 1) by CT scan taken at the time of discharge or 1 month after SG procedure. Type I endoleak was observed in patients with short and severely angulated SG landing zones. Renal artery obstruction, and temporary buttock pain caused by internal iliac artery occlusion occurred, but there was no hospital death. In 56 patients excluding an SG-unrelated death and a dropout from surveillance, there was no secondary endoleak or marked adverse events at all except 1 SG limb occlusion during a 6-month follow up period. The aneurysm size shrank in 26 patients and remained unchanged in 30 patients. No aneurysm enlargement was observed. The Power Web<sup>TM</sup> system is appropriate for minimally invasive surgery for abdominal aortic aneurysms. Long-term follow-up studies will follow.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366334


Morphology, location, timing of operation, and complications of multiple aortic aneurysms were investigated in 14 patients (10 men and 4 women with a mean age of 66 years). The locations of the aneurysms were as follows: aortic arch and thoracoabdominal aorta in 1, aortic arch and infrarenal abdominal aorta in 6, descending thoracic aorta and suprarenal abdominal aorta in 1, descending thoracic aorta and infrarenal abdominal aorta in 5, and thoracoabdominal aorta and infrarenal abdominal aorta in 1. Thoracic aortic aneurysms had a mean diameter of 63±13mm. The mean diameter of the abdominal aortic aneurysms was 54±13mm. In 1 patient, thoracoabdominal and infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms were operated on simultaneously. Eight patients, 5 with aneurysms of the aortic arch and infrarenal abdominal aorta, 2 with aneurysms of the descending aorta and infrarenal abdominal aorta, and 1 with aneurysms of the aortic arch and thoracoabdominal aorta, underwent two-staged operation. Aortic arch aneurysm was operated first in 3 patients, and abdominal aortic aneurysm in 5. Postoperative complications included spinal cord injury in 1 patient, bowel necrosis in 1, renal impairment in 2, respiratory impairment in 2, and hepatic impairment in 1. There was no perioperative death. Three late deaths occurred. Two staged operation is better for multiple aortic aneurysms. The first operation should be performed for the larger aneurysm.