Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 12 de 12
Filter
Add filters








Type of study
Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880164

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the causes, treatment options and outcomes of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) patients with splanchnic venous thrombosis (SVT).@*METHODS@#The clinical diagnosis, treatment and outcomes data of one 26-year-old male ITP patient with SVT as initial manifestation were collected. The possible causes and treatment options of the patients were discussed through literatures review.@*RESULTS@#The result of blood routine tests of the patient showed that Plt(17-38)×10@*CONCLUSION@#ITP combined with large scale of SVT is rare, and it is difficult to cure. It should be pay more attention to the possible thrombosis risk triggered by a transiently increased EOS in the blood stream. Promptly etiological treatment and the balance between anticoagulant therapy and bleeding risks should be taken in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight , Humans , Male , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/complications , Splanchnic Circulation , Venous Thrombosis
2.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 525-529, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862879

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway related signal molecules and the apoptosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia NB4 cells induced by puerariae radix flavones (PRF) and its significance.Methods:The cells were divided into control group [0.025% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) to replace PRF] and 10, 30, 50 μg/ml PRF groups. The proliferation inhibition rate of NB4 cells exposed with PRF for 24, 48 and 72 hours was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method, and the nuclear morphology was determined by confocal laser scanning microscope after 48 hours. NB4 cells were divided into control group (adding 0.025% DMSO) and 10, 30 and 50 μg/ml PRF with or without 10 μmol/L c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor (SP600125) group, and the cells were treated for 48 hours and the changes in the expressions of MAPK pathway related proteins JNK, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 MAPK were tested by Western blot.Results:10, 30 and 50 μg/ml PRF inhibited the proliferation of NB4 cells in 24, 48 and 72 hours, which was in time- and dose-dependent manners (all P < 0.05). The half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC 50) at 24, 48 and 72 hours were (40.03±2.23) μg/ml, (22.92±1.72) μg/ml and (17.99±1.48) μg/ml, respectively. The confocal laser scanning microscope showed that NB4 cells displayed distinct apoptotic characteristics after PRF treatment. After co-cultivating NB4 cells with 10 μmol/L SP600125 and different concentrations of PRF for 48 hours, the expression of JNK1 in NB4 cells was suppressed ( P < 0.05), and the expressions of JNK2/3 and p38 MAPK decreased, but the differences were not statistically significant (both P > 0.05). The expressions of ERK1 and ERK2 gradually increased in the single-drug group, while the expression in the combined drug group decreased. The expression of TNF-α in the 50 μg/ml PRF+SP600125 group was down-regulated compared with the 50 μg/ml PRF single-drug group, while the expressions in the 10 and 30 μg/ml PRF+SP600125 groups were up-regulated compared with the 10 and 30 μg/ml PRF single-drug groups. Conclusion:10-50 μg/ml PRF may activate the MAPK signaling pathway through TNF-α. JNK, ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK interact with each other to activate pro-apoptotic related proteins and induce NB4 cells apoptosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774293

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of oridonin (ORI) on the proliferation and apoptosis of human multiple myeloma cell line H929 and its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#H929 cells were exposed to ORI 0、4、8、12、16、20、24、28、32 μmol/L for 12, 24 and 36 hours respectively. The prolifcration inhibitory effect of ORI on H929 cells was determined by MTT assay and then the working concentrations of ORI were determined. The morphological changes and apoptosis of H929 cells were observed by TUNEL (TdT-mediated dUTP Nick-End Labeling) and fluorescence microscopy. The apoptosis rate of H929 cells was detected by flow cytometry with Annexin V-FITC/PI staining. The protein expressions of pro-caspase-3, BCL-2,p-PI3K, p-Akt, BAX, Cleaved PARP and p-JNK, p-ERK and p-p38 in H929 cells were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the proliferation of H929 cells treated with the ORI of 8-16 μmol/L was significantly inhibited and the apoptosis of H929 cells was obviously increased in dose- and time-dependent manners. As for morphological changes, the characteristics of apoptotic cells were presented in H929 cells treated with ORI for 24 hours. The protein levels of pro-caspase-3, BCL-2,p-PI3K, p-Akt were down-regulated with increasing of ORI concentration(r=0.9861, r=0.9725, r=0.9413, r=0.9373), while the BAX, Cleaved PARP and p-JNK, p-ERK and p-p38 were up-regulated(r=0.9178, r=0.8877, r=0.882, r=0.9645, r=0.8623).@*CONCLUSION@#The ORI possesses anti-myeloma effects, can inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of H929 cell line in vitro. Its potential mechanism may be related with up-regulating the MAPK and down-regulating the PI3K/Akt signal pathways.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Diterpenes, Kaurane , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1598-1603, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the clinical significance of clonal evolution of additional chromosomal 8 in CML progression.@*METHODS@#An unusual case with the clonal evolution from trisomy 8 to tetrasomy 8 accompanied by 2 time of CML blast crisis (BC) was reported.@*RESULTS@#This patient suffered from 2 time of CML blast crisis and the additional chromosome 8 aberrations were accompanied. Trisomy 8 and tetrasomy 8 were detected at first CML blast crisis and second CML blast crisis, respectively. After tetrasomy 8 was developed, the c-Myc was over-expressed and the central nervous system leukemia happened in this case. Only high dose Ara-C and MTX regimen could induce remission for a short period.@*CONCLUSION@#These findings suggested that additional chromosome 8 aberrations are important marker for poor prognosis of CML patients and contribute to a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Blast Crisis , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 , Clonal Evolution , Disease Progression , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
5.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 760-764, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670364

ABSTRACT

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a special subtype of acute myeloid leukemia, characterized by the reciprocal chromosomal translocation of t (15;17)(q22;q21), which generates PML-RARαfusion protein. All-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and As2O3 could induce APL cells to differentiation and apoptosis, respectively, making APL become the first curable leukemia. Autophagy is one of metabolic mechanisms to maintain cell homeostasis. Recent studies have showed that autophagy plays an important role in the differentiation of APL cells induced by ATRA/As2O3. Meanwhile, autophagy may affect the sensitivity of APL cells to the pro-apoptotic effect of drugs. Therefore, targeting and regulating autophagy might be a new therapeutic approach of APL and even other leukemia in the future. This article will briefly review the advance of autophagy in APL in recent years.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467761

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects on proliferation of multiple myeloma cell lines U266 and RPMI 8226 induced by puerariae radix flavones (PRF) in vitro and its possible mechanism.Methods Exposed to 0,10,30,50,100 μg/ml PRF for 48 h and 72 h,the U266 and RPMI 8226 cells proliferation inhibitory rates were detected by MTT assay,cell cycles by flow cytometry (FCM),morphologic changes of U266 cells by Wright' s staining,and early-stage apoptotic rates of U266 cells by FITC-Annexin V/PI staining with FCM.Analysis of DNA fragment was made to test characteristic apoptosis DNA ladder in U266 cells.Results 0,10,30,50,100 μg/ml PRF could inhibit the proliferation of U266 and RPMI 8226 cells in a dose-dependent manner (U266 > RPMI 8226).Cell cycle analyses in U266 and RPMI 8226 cells showed that sub-diploid peaks,but cell cycles changed minor.Wright's staining of U266 cells showed hardly any apoptostic character istic.Annexin V/PI double staining indicated that early-stage apoptotic rates of U266 cells exposed to 0,10,30,50,100 μg/ml PRF for 48 h were mildly increased in a dose-dependent manner.They were (3.20±0.36) %,(5.20±0.92) %,(7.30±1.22) %,(8.10±0.53) % and (10.80±0.90) %,respectively.The group differences had statistical significance (P < 0.05).Analysis of DNA fragment barely exhibited the characteristic DNA ladder in U266 cells.Conclusion A certain concentrations of PRF could inhibit the proliferation of U266 and RPMI 8226 cells significantly.It is suggested that apoptosis related to the proliferative inhibition mechanism induced by PRF in U266 cell line,but not main.Other pathways such as necrosis and autophagy whether or not involved need further investigation.

7.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 252-255, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472752

ABSTRACT

As important regulators of apoptosis,bcl-2-family proteins regulate all major types of cell death,including apoptosis,necrosis,and autophagy.It's known that impaired apoptosis is a critical step in tumor development.Overexpression of antiapoptotic proteins of bcl-2 family is associated with the development and prognoses of malignant lymphoproliferative disorders.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 43-46, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345948

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects and the molecular mechanism of puerariae radix flavones (PRF) on acute myeloid leukemia cell line Kasumi-1 cells in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Kasumi-1 cells treated by PRF for 48 hours were observed with Wright's and Hoechst 33258 dying. The apoptotic cells were analyzed by flow cytometry with AnnexinV/PI staining. The expression levels of bcl-2, Bim and Caspase-3/-8/-9 protein were assayed by Western blot and the AML1-ETO fusion gene was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PRF could induce Kasumi-1 cells to apoptosis effectively. The proportion of apoptotic cells in 50, 200 and 500 µg/ml PRF treatment groups were (14.1 ± 0.8)%, (17.7 ± 1.3)% and (32.4 ± 1.4)%, respectively, and significantly higher than that of control \[(7.8 ± 0.7)%\]. The relative expression levels of the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein were 0.85 ± 0.05, 0.62 ± 0.07 and 0.43 ± 0.05; the apoptotic Bim protein were 0.21 ± 0.06, 0.39 ± 0.04 and 0.75 ± 0.05; the caspase-3 and caspase-9 were 0.92 ± 0.04, 1.21 ± 0.07, 1.33 ± 0.04 and 0.35 ± 0.05, 0.53 ± 0.03, 0.69 ± 0.07, respectively. Compared to the blank control group, all these changes were significant (P < 0.01). Nevertheless, nearly no changes could be observed on the expression level of AML1-ETO fusion gene and caspase-8 protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Apoptosis of Kasumi-1 cells induced by PRF might correlate to the down-regulation of Bcl-2 protein expression and the activation of caspase-3 and caspase-8 protein in the cells. It seemed that all these effects had no relationship with the AML1-ETO fusion gene.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Caspase 8 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit , Genetics , Metabolism , Flavones , Pharmacology , Humans , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Genetics , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Pueraria , RUNX1 Translocation Partner 1 Protein
9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 261-265, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471743

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects and the possible molecular mechanism of flavonoids of puerarin (PR) on chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cell line K562 and acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cell line NB4 in vitro. Methods MTT assays were used to detect the inhibitory effects of cell proliferation. The apoptosis of K562 and NB4 cells was detected by flow cytometry marked with Annexin V/PI. The expression of bcr-abl, p53, bcl-2, Fas/FasL in K562 cells and JNK, PARP, bcl-2 and Caspase 3 in NB4 cells at protein level was detected by Western blot. Results PR could inhibit the proliferation of K562 and NB4 cells in a time-dose dependent manner. The expression of protein levels of bcr-abl fusion gene declined, while the p53 protein otherwise increased, and both were in a dose-dependent manner (F = 18.74, P <0.05). The application of PR had no effect on bcl-2 and Fas/FasL protein expression in K562 cells. The JNK, PARP and Caspase3 proteins were upregulated in NB4 cells, while bcl-2 was downregulated with the increasing concentrations of PR (F=42.32, P <0.05). Conclusion PR could inhibit leukemic cell proliferation, induce cell cycle block, and increase cell apoptosis through different molecular mechanisms. It suggestes that PR might potentially be a kind of broad spectrum anti-leukemia agent.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1036-1041, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237600

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to explore the differences between refractory anemia with ringed sideroblast (RARS) and RARS associated with marked thrombocytosis (RARS-T) in the clinical, biological features and prognosis. The morphological changes of cells were observed by bone marrow smear and biopsy. Immunologic phenotype was analyzed by flow cytometry, and chromosome was examined by conventional chromosomal analysis. JAK2 V617F and MPL W515L mutations were screened by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) and sequence analysis. The results showed that this case was clinically diagnosed as RARS with thrombophilia, the level of serum potassium was positively related with platelet counts. When platelets increased, the clusters of atypical giant platelets and megakaryocytes were observed in peripheral blood and bone marrow examined by bone marrow smear and bone marrow biopsy respectively, JAK2 V617F and MPL W515L mutations were negative. It is concluded that RARS may transform into RARS-T accompanied with megakaryocyte proliferation, large atypical platelets and negative JAK2 V617F. Preventing thrombophilia and monitoring relative gene mutations are necessary when atypical giant platelets and fluctuant platelet counts occurred in process of RARS with tendency to RARS-T.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anemia, Refractory , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Anemia, Sideroblastic , Diagnosis , Pathology , Blood Platelets , Pathology , Female , Humans , Platelet Count , Thrombocytosis , Pathology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243368

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of flavonoids of puerarin (PR) in different concentrations on proliferation of 4 kinds of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines (Kasumi-1, HL-60, NB4 and U937), and to explore its possible mechanism. The MTT method was used to detected the inhibitory effect of PR on proliferation of AML cell lines. The flow cytometry was adopted to determine the change of cell cycle in vitro. The results showed that a certain concentration of PR could inhibit the proliferation of these 4 cell lines effectively in time-and dose-dependent manners, and the intensity of inhibition on 4 kinds of AML cell lines was from high to low as follows: NB4>Kasumi-1>U937>HL-60. Meanwhile, PR could also change cycle process, cell proportion in G1/G0 phase decreased, cells in S phase increased and Sub-diploid peak also appeared. It is concluded that PR can selectively inhibit the proliferation of 4 AML cell lines and block cell cycle process, especially for NB4 cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Isoflavones , Pharmacology , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Classification , Pathology , U937 Cells
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243362

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effects of flavonoids of puerarin (PR) on apoptosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cell line NB4 cells and its mechanism. The NB4 were treated with PR in vitro, the MTT assay was used to detect the inhibitory effect of PR on cell proliferation. The apoptosis of NB4 cells were detected by flow cytometry labelled with Annexin V/PI. The expressions of pml/rar alpha, bcl-2 and survivin were detected by real time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (real time RT-PCR), the expressions of JNK, p38 MAPK, FasL, caspase 3, caspase 8 were detected by Western blot. The results showed that with the increasing of PR concentrations, the apoptosis rates of NB4 cells were gradually elevated. Simultaneously, the mRNA expression of pml/rar alpha, bcl-2 and survivin decreased, while the protein expression of JNK, FasL, caspase 3 and caspase 8 increased, which presented the positive correlation to PR concentrations. When PR combined with arsenic trioxide (ATO), the expression levels of above mentioned mRNA and protein decreased or increased more significantly. It is concluded that PR can effectively induce the apoptosis of NB4 cells. PR combined with ATO displays synergistic effect. It may be triggered by the activation of JNK signal pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Isoflavones , Pharmacology , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Pathology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL