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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882686

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively assess the relationship between immune disorder and acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) in patients after severe polytrauma.Methods:Totally 205 patients with severe polytrauma admitted to Tongji Hospital from April 2018 to October 2019 were enrolled as the observation group, and 23 healthy volunteers were served as the control group. According to the diagnostic criteria of AGI, all patients were divided into the AGI group (with AGI) or N-AGI group (without AGI), AGI patients were divided into the S-AGI group or L-AGI group according to the severity. The levels of cytokines and lymphocyte subset were evaluated at day 1, 7, and 14 after severe polytrauma. The differences between groups were statistically analyzed. The independent risk factors of AGI were analyzed by Logistic regression analyzed.Results:Totally 79.5% (163/205) of patients with severe polytrauma were accompanied by AGI. There were significant differences in the ratio of Tc, Th at day 1 after trauma, the levels of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-8, IL-10, the ratio of Ts, Th/Ts, Treg at day 7 after trauma, and the levels of IL-8, IL-10,the ratio of Ts, Th/Ts, Treg at day 14 after trauma between the AGI group and N-AGI group ( P<0.05). There were significant differences in the ratio of Tc, Th, the levels of IL-6, TNF-α at day 1 after trauma and the ratio of Ts, Th/Ts, Treg, the levels of IL-8, IL-10 at day 7 and 14 after trauma between the S-AGI group and L-AGI group ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that Ts 7 d ( OR=2.018, 95% CI: 1.105-5.364, P=0.013), Treg 14 d ( OR=3.612, 95% CI: 1.375-8.476, P=0.006), IL-6 7 d ( OR=1.824, 95% CI: 1.011-5.835, P=0.024), IL-10 14 d ( OR=2.847, 95% CI: 1.241-6.216, P=0.014), TNF-α 7 d ( OR=1.754, 95% CI: 1.215-5.441, P=0.018) were independent risk factors in patients with AGI after severe polytrauma. Conclusions:AGI is more easily occurred in patients with the heavier immune disorders after severe polytrauma. AGI can also aggravate pre-existing immune disorders in patients after severe polytrauma.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the patient profiles and therapeutic efficacies of ABO-incompatible living-related kidney transplantations at 19 domestic transplant centers and provide rationales for clinical application of ABOi-KT.Methods:Clinical cases of ABO-incompatible/compatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT/ABOc-KT) from December 2006 to December 2009 were collected. Then, statistical analyses were conducted from the aspects of tissue matching, perioperative managements, complications and survival rates of renal allograft or recipients.Results:Clinical data of 342 ABOi-KT and 779 ABOc-KT indicated that (1) no inter-group differences existed in age, body mass index (BMI), donor-recipient relationship or waiting time of pre-operative dialysis; (2) ABO blood type: blood type O recipients had the longest waiting list and transplantations from blood type A to blood type O accounted for the largest proportion; (3) HLA matching: no statistical significance existed in mismatch rate or positive rate of PRA I/II between two types of surgery; (4) CD20 should be properly used on the basis of different phrases; (5) hemorrhage was a common complication during an early postoperative period and microthrombosis appeared later; (6) no difference existed in postoperative incidence of complications or survival rate of renal allograft and recipients at 1/3/5/10 years between ABOi-KT and ABOc-KT. The acute rejection rate and serum creatinine levels of ABOi-KT recipients were comparable to those of ABOc-KT recipients within 1 year.Conclusions:ABOi-KT is both safe and effective so that it may be applied at all transplant centers as needed.

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