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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936312

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes in autophagy of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from patients with ankylosing spondylitis and explore the mechanism for decreased autophagy in ASMSCs.@*METHODS@#MSCs collected from 14 patients with AS (ASMSCs) and from 15 healthy donors (HDMSCs) were cultured in the absence or presence of 25 ng/mL TNF-α for 6 h. Autophagy of the cells was determined by immunofluorescence staining of GFP-LC3B, and the results were confirmed by detecting the protein expressions of autophagy markers LC3 II/LC3 I and P62. The mRNA expressions of the related genes were detected using qRT-PCR, and the protein expressions of the autophagy markers and signaling pathway-related molecules were determined with Western blotting. TG100713 was used to block the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signal pathway, and its effect on autophagy of ASMSCs was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#ASMSCs showed significantly weaker GFP-LC3B puncta staining and lower protein expression levels of LC3 II/LC3 I but higher levels of P62 protein (P < 0.05), indicating a decreased autophagy capacity as compared with HDMSCs. TNF-α-induced ASMSCs showed significantly higher protein expressions of p-PI3K/ PI3K, p-AKT/AKT and p-mTOR/mTOR than HDMSCs (P < 0.05), suggesting hyperactivation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway in ASMSCs. Blocking PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling with TG100713 eliminated the difference in TNF-α-induced autophagy between HDMSCs and ASMSCs.@*CONCLUSION@#In patients with AS, hyperactivation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway results in decreased autophagy of the MSCs and potentially contributes to chronic inflammation.


Subject(s)
Autophagy , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931914

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the level of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its correlation with clinical symptoms in patients with first-episode drug-naive schizophrenia patients of different genders.Methods:From January 2016 to October 2019, a total of 81 first-episode drug-naive schizophrenia patients(patient group, 41 male, 40 female) and 64 healthy controls (control group, 40 male, 24 female) were included in this study.The serum level of VEGF was detected with flow cytometric bear array (CBA). Positive and negative symptom scale (PANSS) was used to evaluate the relevant clinical symptoms of patients.SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Independent sample t-test and nonparametric test were used for comparison between groups.The relationship between VEGF and clinical variables was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis and Spearman correlation analysis. Results:The level of serum VEGF in the patient group was significantly lower than that in the control group(148.08(75.89, 208.61)pg/mL, 179.94(99.14, 318.41)pg/mL, Z=-2.20, P=0.028). The total PANSS score((82.71±17.30), (73.45±16.36), t=2.473, P=0.016)and cognitive score((7.88±3.36), (6.23±2.81), t=2.402, P=0.019) in male patients were higher than those in female patients.There was a negative correlation between VEGF level and PANSS negative symptom score in the patient group( r=-0.228, P=0.041), as well as significant negtive correlation between VEGF level and cognitive score in male patients( r=-0.425, P=0.007). Conclusion:The level of serum VEGF is reduced in first-episode patients with schizophrenia, which influences their negative symptom. Moreover, the decline in serum VEGF level is implicated in cognitive impairments in male patients with first-episode schizophrenia.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930135

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the curative effect of He Style fire acupuncture on functional dyspepsia of deficiency cold of spleen and stomach syndrome.Methods:Sixty patients who met the inclusion criteria from March 2017 to March 2019 in Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Capital Medical University were divided into 2 groups according to the random number table method, with 30 in each group. The control group was given mosapride tablets, one tablet (5 mg) each time half an hour before meals. On the basis of the control group, the treatment group was given fire acupuncture on Zusanli(ST36), Zhongwan(CV12), Pishu(BL20), Weishu(BL21), Guanyuan(CV4) and Qihai (CV6) twice a week. The course of treatment for both groups of patients was 4 weeks. A follow-up was visited at 1 month after the treatment. The total Symptom Scores and Health-Related Quality of Life Scale (SF-36) scores were performed before and after treatment, and the total scores of syndromes of patients with Deficiency cold of spleen and stomach before and after treatment were used for clinical efficacy evaluation, and adverse events during treatment were recorded.Results:The total efficiency of the treatment group was 93.3% (28/30), and 76.7% (23/30) in the control group, and the 2 groups were statistically significant ( χ2=4.78, P<0.05). After treatment, the upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning, postprandial fullness and discomfort, early satiety, and total scores in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 4.27, 5.16, 3.93, 4.69, 4.28, respectively, all Ps<0.05); during follow-up, the upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning, postprandial fullness and discomfort and the total scores in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 3.63, 3.22, 4.03, 3.04, respectively, all Ps<0.05). In terms of SF-36, after treatment, the treatment group showed significantly higher scores in the control group of physical function, physiology, mental health, and health changes compared with the control group ( t values were 2.97, 4.05, 4.22, 3.05, respectively, all Ps<0.05). During follow-up, the treatment group with physiological function, physical function, physical pain, overall health, life vitality, mental health, health changes scores were significantly higher than those in the control group ( t values were 3.27, 4.23 3.85, 3.15, 3.25, 6.15, 3.85, respectively, all Ps<0.05). Conclusion:He Style fire acupuncture combined with western medicine treatment can improve the symptoms of upper abdominal pain and upper abdominal burning, and the quality of lifein the patients with functional dyspepsia.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 182-196, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929287

ABSTRACT

Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury (HIRI) is a serious complication that occurs following shock and/or liver surgery. Gut microbiota and their metabolites are key upstream modulators of development of liver injury. Herein, we investigated the potential contribution of gut microbes to HIRI. Ischemia/reperfusion surgery was performed to establish a murine model of HIRI. 16S rRNA gene sequencing and metabolomics were used for microbial analysis. Transcriptomics and proteomics analysis were employed to study the host cell responses. Our results establish HIRI was significantly increased when surgery occurred in the evening (ZT12, 20:00) when compared with the morning (ZT0, 08:00); however, antibiotic pretreatment reduced this diurnal variation. The abundance of a microbial metabolite 3,4-dihydroxyphenylpropionic acid was significantly higher in ZT0 when compared with ZT12 in the gut and this compound significantly protected mice against HIRI. Furthermore, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylpropionic acid suppressed the macrophage pro-inflammatory response in vivo and in vitro. This metabolite inhibits histone deacetylase activity by reducing its phosphorylation. Histone deacetylase inhibition suppressed macrophage pro-inflammatory activation and diminished the diurnal variation of HIRI. Our findings revealed a novel protective microbial metabolite against HIRI in mice. The potential underlying mechanism was at least in part, via 3,4-dihydroxyphenylpropionic acid-dependent immune regulation and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition in macrophages.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929233

ABSTRACT

Iron overload injury is considered to be a part of blood stasis syndrome of arthralgia in traditional Chinese medicine. Its primary therapies include clearing heat and detoxification, activating blood circulation, and removing blood stasis. Lonicera japonica flos (LJF) has long been known as an excellent antipyretic and antidote. Luteoloside (Lut) is one of the main components of LJF and exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and cytoprotective properties. However, the protection of Lut against iron overload injury and its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, HUVECs were exposed to 50 μmol·L-1 iron dextran for 48 h to establish an iron overload damage model and the effects of Lut were assessed. Our results showed that 20 μmol·L-1 Lut not only increased cell viability and weakened LDH activity, but also significantly up-regulated DDAHⅡ expression and activity, increased p-eNOS/eNOS ratio and NO content, and reduced ADMA content in HUVECs exposed to iron overload. Furthermore, Lut significantly attenuated intracellular/mitochondrial ROS generation, improved SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px activities, reduced MDA content, maintained MMP, inhibited mPTP opening, prevented cyt c from mitochondria released into cytoplasm, reduced cleaved-caspase3 expression, and ultimately decreased cell apoptosis induced by iron overload. The effects of Lut were similar to those of L-arginine (an ADMA competitive substrate), cyclosporin A (a mPTP blocker agent), and edaravone (a free radical scavenger) as positive controls. However, addition of pAD/DDAH II-shRNA adenovirus reversed the above beneficial effects of Lut. In conclusion, Lut can protect HUVECs against iron overload injury via the ROS/ADMA/DDAH II/eNOS/NO pathway. The mitochondria are the target organelles of Lut's protective effects.


Subject(s)
Endothelium, Vascular , Glucosides , Humans , Iron Overload , Luteolin , Reactive Oxygen Species
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939625

ABSTRACT

The judgment of the type of arrhythmia is the key to the prevention and diagnosis of early cardiovascular disease. Therefore, electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis has been widely used as an important basis for doctors to diagnose. However, due to the large differences in ECG signal morphology among different patients and the unbalanced distribution of categories, the existing automatic detection algorithms for arrhythmias have certain difficulties in the identification process. This paper designs a variable scale fusion network model for automatic recognition of heart rhythm types. In this study, a variable-scale fusion network model was proposed for automatic identification of heart rhythm types. The improved ECG generation network (EGAN) module was used to solve the imbalance of ECG data, and the ECG signal was reproduced in two dimensions in the form of gray recurrence plot (GRP) and spectrogram. Combined with the branching structure of the model, the automatic classification of variable-length heart beats was realized. The results of the study were verified by the Massachusetts institute of technology and Beth Israel hospital (MIT-BIH) arrhythmia database, which distinguished eight heart rhythm types. The average accuracy rate reached 99.36%, and the sensitivity and specificity were 96.11% and 99.84%, respectively. In conclusion, it is expected that this method can be used for clinical auxiliary diagnosis and smart wearable devices in the future.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Databases, Factual , Electrocardiography/methods , Heart Rate , Humans
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928159

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the effect of emodin on the serum metabolite profiles in the chronic constriction injury(CCI) model by non-target metabolomics and explored its analgesic mechanism. Twenty-four Sprague Dawley(SD) rats were randomly divided into a sham group(S), a CCI group(C), and an emodin group(E). The rats in the emodin group were taken emodin via gavage once a day for fifteen days(50 mg·kg~(-1)) on the first day after the CCI surgery. Mechanical withdrawal threshold(MWT) and thermal withdrawal threshold(TWL) in each group were performed before the CCI surgery and 3,7, 11, and 15 days after surgery. After 15 days, blood samples were collected from the abdominal aorta. The differential metabolites were screened out by non-target metabolomics and analyzed with Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) and ingenuity pathway analysis(IPA). From the third day after CCI surgery, the MWT and TWL values were reduced significantly in both CCI group and emodin group, compared with the sham group(P<0.01). At 15 days post-surgery, the MWT and TWL values in emodin group increased significantly compared with the CCI group(P<0.05). As revealed by non-target metabolomics, 72 differential serum metabolites were screened out from the C-S comparison, including 41 up-regulated and 31 down-regulated ones, while 26 differential serum metabolites from E-C comparison, including 10 up-regulated and 16 down-regulated ones. KEGG analysis showed that the differential metabolites in E-C comparison were enriched in the signaling pathways, such as sphingolipid metabolism, arginine biosynthesis, glycerophospholipid metabolism, and tryptophan metabolism. IPA showed that the differential metabolites were mainly involved in the lipid metabolism-molecular transport-small molecule biochemistry network. In conclusion, emodin can exert an analgesic role via regulating sphingolipid metabolism and arginine biosynthesis.


Subject(s)
Analgesics/pharmacology , Animals , Arginine , Emodin/pharmacology , Neuralgia/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sphingolipids
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically review the therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction (GID) of gastric cancer with meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#The articles of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment for postoperative GID of gastric cancer were retrieved from the following databases from the time of database establishment to December 31, 2020, including PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database, VIP database and China Biomedical Literature Database (SinoMed). RevMan5.3 software was used for meta-analysis. Using Stata16.0 software, sensitivity analysis and publication bias test were performed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 16 RCTs were included finally, including 1 360 patients, of which, there were 681 cases in the intervention group and 679 cases in the control group. Meta-analysis results showed that acupuncture and moxibustion shortened the time of first flatus (P<0.000 01, MD =-14.52, 95%CI = [-17.31, -11.74]), the time of first bowel sound (P<0.000 01, MD =-10.50, 95%CI =[-13.99, -7.01]) and the time of first defecation (P<0.000 1, MD =-13.79, 95%CI =[-20.09, -7.50]). Meanwhile, acupuncture and moxibustion shortened the time of the first food intake (P<0.000 1, MD =-3.23, 95%CI = [-3.45, -3.00]) and the hospital stay (P<0.000 01, MD =-1.94, 95%CI =[-2.20, -1.69]) after gastric cancer operation, and reduced the incidences of postoperative adverse reactions, i.e. nausea and vomiting (P =0.000 3, RR =0.43, 95%CI =[0.28, 0.68]) and abdominal distention (P =0.000 5, RR =0.41, 95%CI =[0.25, 0.68]).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture and moxibustion can promote the recovery of postoperative gastrointestinal function in the patients with gastric cancer. But, for the comparison among different measures of acupuncture and moxibustion intervention, it needs more high-quality trials for a further verification.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Humans , Moxibustion/methods , Nausea , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Vomiting
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927088

ABSTRACT

Myocardial infarction promotes cardiac remodeling and myocardial fibrosis, thus leading to cardiac dysfunction or heart failure. Peiminine has been regarded as a traditional anti-fibrotic Chinese medicine in pulmonary fibrosis. However, the role of peiminine in myocardial infarction-induced myocardial injury and fibrosis remained elusive. Firstly, rat model of myocardial infarction was established using ligation of the left coronary artery, which were then intraperitoneally injected with 2 or 5 mg/kg peiminine once a day for 4 weeks. Echocardiography and haemodynamic evaluation results showed that peiminine treatment reduced left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, and enhanced maximum rate of increase/decrease of left ventricle pressure (± dP/dt max) and left ventricular systolic pressure, which ameliorate the cardiac function. Secondly, myocardial infarction-induced myocardial injury and infarct size were also attenuated by peiminine. Moreover, peiminine inhibited myocardial infarction-induced increase of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α production, as well as the myocardial cell apoptosis, in the rats. Thirdly, peiminine also decreased the myocardial fibrosis related protein expression including collagen I and collagen III. Lastly, peiminine reduced the expression of p38 and phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 in rat model of myocardial infarction. In conclusion, peiminine has a cardioprotective effect against myocardial infarction-induced myocardial injury and fibrosis, which can be attributed to the inactivation of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1045-1049, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910964

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of the geriatric potentially inappropriate medication(PIM)evaluation system in elderly inpatients.Methods:As a prospective cohort study, 203 elderly inpatients with polypharmacy were randomly divided into the control group and experimental group.Geriatric PIM evaluation system(based on the criteria for judging potential inappropriate drug use in Chinese elderly 2017 edition)on wechat platform was applied to patients of experimental group.During the 6 months, the number of elderly syndromes, types of drugs, the days in hospitalization, readmission rates and all-cause mortality were compared between two groups.Results:The age of 203 elderly inpatients ranged from 60 to 94(77.30±10.34)years, including 121 males and 82 females.The morbidity proportion of top five diseases were 69.95%(142/203)in cerebral infarction(non-acute phase), 62.07%(126/203)in hypertension, 24.14%(49/203)in coronary heart disease, 9.85%(20/203)in atrial fibrillation, and 6.40%(13/203)in cardiac insufficiency.The 97.53%(198/203)of elderly hospitalized patients had at least one senile syndrome, the average was 4.3±2.0.Insomnia, fall and frailty accounted for 32.87%(15/198), 28.45%(56/198)and 13.66%(27/198)respectively.Compared with the control group, the average length of stay in hospital in the experimental group significantly decreased[(16.38±4.29) vs.(21.32±6.10)d, t=2.438、 P=0.025], the number of senile syndrome, the score of fall, weakness and the re-admission rate were also decreased significantly(3.11±2.14 vs.4.32±1.50, t=0.854、 P=0.032; 6.19±1.35 vs.8.61±3.22, t=4.078、 P=0.044; 3.94±1.92 vs.5.65±1.34, t=2.843、 P=0.038; 9.81%(10/102) vs.1.98%(2/101), χ2=4.772、 P=0.029), and the frequency of PIM was significantly different between two groups(417.36±49.21 vs.210.25±38.23, t=2.136、 P=0.034). Conclusions:After making the drug adjustment on the elderly inpatients with multiple drugs, PIM evaluation system for the elderly are able to reduce the incidence of geriatric syndrome, shorten the length of stay in hospital, improve the rational use of drugs, and enhance the quality of life of the elderly patients.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 4045-4054, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922459

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a non-apoptotic regulated cell death caused by iron accumulation and subsequent lipid peroxidation. Currently, the therapeutic role of ferroptosis on cancer is gaining increasing interest. Baicalin an active component in

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877615

ABSTRACT

"Treatment in accordance with time factor" is one of the key principles of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment. In clinical practice of acupuncture and moxibustion, the connotation of "timing/time factor" should be fully understood and the temporal rule on physiology and pathology affected by the changes of four seasons and day and night be grasped. Based on the change law of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Needles , Time Factors
13.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 969-972, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875915

ABSTRACT

The liver plays an important role in the metabolism, degradation, and excretion of thyroid hormones in the normal physiological state; however, when liver injuries occur, there is a significance increase in hypothyroidism, and most patients have no obvious clinical symptoms or signs. The article summarizes the chronic liver diseases caused by various etiologies and the change in thyroid function in different stages of disease and points out that the reduction in the level of thyroid hormone has an important value in predicting the risk, condition, and prognosis of chronic liver diseases. Studies have shown that some patients with chronic liver diseases can improve the condition and prognosis by adjusting thyroid function. In addition, a series of genetic disorders or dysfunctions caused by abnormal thyroid metabolism may become new therapeutic targets for certain chronic liver diseases, which needs to be confirmed by further studies.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907930

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a child with bronchial Dieulafoy disease treated in Wuhan Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, was analyzed retrospectively.The patient was a 9-month-old boy, who was admitted to hospital due to " intermittent hematemesis vomiting blood for 6 hours" . Chest CT suggested ground-glass opacity in both lungs.Electronic bronchoscopy showed that the neoplasm bulged into the lumen at the opening of the right inferior lobar bronchus, and fresh blood oozed from the basal segment of the neoplasm during the operation.Bronchial arteriography and transcatheter bronchial artery embolization were performed due to recurrent hemoptysis, during which the patient was diagnosed with bronchial arterial vascular malformation and finally diagnosed with bronchial Dieulafoy disease after consulting the relevant literatures.The disease is infrequent and characterized by rupture hemorrhage of bronchial submucosal malformed artery, the etiology and pathogenesis of which are still unclear, and it may be related to congenital vascular malformation in children.Bronchoscopy for hemoptysis of unknown cause in children should be performed with caution.If small and smooth protruded nodular lesions are seen under the bronchoscope, the bronchial Dieulafoy disease should be considered, and the lesions should not be touched too much or subjected to biopsy blindly.Fatal massive hemorrhage can be avoided by bronchial arteriography and bronchial artery embolization.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4342-4350, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921510

ABSTRACT

The CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing system has been widely used in basic research, gene therapy and genetic engineering due to its high efficiency, fast speed and convenience. Meanwhile, the discovery of novel CRISPR/Cas systems in the microbial community also accelerated the emergence of novel gene editing tools. CRISPR/Cpf1 is the second type (V type) CRISPR system that can edit mammalian genome. Compared with the CRISPR/Cas9, CRISPR/Cpf1 can use 5'T-PAM rich region to increase the genome coverage, and has many advantages, such as sticky end of cleavage site and less homologous recombination repair. Here we constructed three CRISPR/Cpf1 (AsCpf1, FnCpf1 and LbCpf1) expression vectors in silkworm cells. We selected a highly conserved BmHSP60 gene and an ATPase family BmATAD3A gene to design the target gRNA, and constructed gHSP60-266 and gATAD3A-346 knockout vectors. The efficiency for editing the target genes BmATAD3A and BmHSP60 by AsCpf1, FnCpf1 and LbCpf1 were analyzed by T7E1 analysis and T-clone sequencing. Moreover, the effects of target gene knockout by different gene editing systems on the protein translation of BmHSP60 and BmATAD3A were analyzed by Western blotting. We demonstrate the CRISPR/Cpf1 gene editing system developed in this study could effectively edit the silkworm genome, thus providing a novel method for silkworm gene function research, genetic engineering and genetic breeding.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bombyx/metabolism , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Endonucleases/genetics , Gene Editing , RNA, Guide/genetics
16.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 438-447, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888752

ABSTRACT

Thoracic aortic dissection (TAD) without familial clustering or syndromic features is known as sporadic TAD (STAD). So far, the genetic basis of STAD remains unknown. Whole exome sequencing was performed in 223 STAD patients and 414 healthy controls from the Chinese Han population (N = 637). After population structure and genetic relationship and ancestry analyses, we used the optimal sequence kernel association test to identify the candidate genes or variants of STAD. We found that COL3A1 was significantly relevant to STAD (P = 7.35 × 10


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Dissecting/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Cluster Analysis , Cohort Studies , Collagen Type III/genetics , Computational Biology , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888696

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of small nuclear noncoding RNA 7SK in embryonic stem cell (ESCs) proliferation and the value of 7SK as a target for early diagnosis and treatment for primordial dwarfism (PD).@*METHODS@#ESC line R1 was transfected with the CRISPR/Cas9 system, and sequencing of the PCR product and glycerol gradient analysis were performed to identify novel 7SK deletion mutations. A lentivirus system was used to knock down cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (CDK9) in clones with 7SK deletion mutations, and the effect of CDK9 knockdown on the protein level of cell division cycle 6 (CDC6) was analyzed with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#We identified a novel deletion mutation of 7SK at 128-179 nt in the ESCs, which resulted in deficiency of cell proliferation. 7SK truncation at 128-179 nt significantly reduced the protein expressions of La-related protein 7 (LARP7) and CDC6.@*CONCLUSIONS@#7SK truncation at 128-179 nt can significantly impair proliferation of ESCs by downregulating CDC6. 7SK is a key regulator of proliferation and mediates the growth of ESCs through a mechanism dependent on CDK9 activity, suggesting the value of 7SK truncation at 128-179 nt as a potential target for early diagnosis and treatment of PD.


Subject(s)
Cell Cycle Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Embryonic Stem Cells/metabolism , HeLa Cells , Humans , Nuclear Proteins , Positive Transcriptional Elongation Factor B/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins , Ribonucleoproteins , Transcription Factors
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887942

ABSTRACT

Coptidis Rhizoma, as a bulk medicinal material, is in great demand in clinical practice. Its quality is uneven in the market due to the mixture of genuine, counterfeit and adulterants. Therefore, it is particularly important to establish a quality control system for Coptidis Rhizoma. Based on the concept of Chinese medicine quality marker(Q-marker), the potential quality markers of Coptidis Rhizoma were analyzed and predicted from the perspective of chemistry and pharmacology. The sources of the Q-markers of Coptidis Rhizoma were identified by literature retrieval. The potential Q-markers were then screened through the visualization of the "components-targets-pathways" network. High performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) was used to establish a multi-indicator qualitative and quantitative control method featuring fingerprints for 10 batches of Coptidis Rhizoma. A supervised mode of orthogonality partial least squares method-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) was used to screen the main marker components that caused differences between groups. The literature review results showed that the alkaloids were the main source of Coptidis Rhizoma Q-markers.The fingerprints of 13 common peaks were successfully established, and berberine, palmatine, berberine and epiberberine were selected as Q-markers of Coptidis Rhizoma, and their contents were determined.Based on the concept of the Q-marker of traditional Chinese medicine, the four components can be selected as the Q-marker of Coptidis Rhizoma after comprehensive consideration. The results of this study are not only conducive to the quality evaluation of Coptidis Rhizoma on the market, but also provide a reference for the overall quality control of Coptidis Rhizoma and lay foundation for the future exploration of the mechanism of Coptidis Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Multivariate Analysis , Rhizome
19.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1528-1531, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933288

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between the mechanism underlying methylprednisolone-induced alleviation of ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK)/nucleotide binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) pathway in lung tissues of rats.Methods:Sixty clean-grade male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 270-320 g, aged 4-5 months, were divided into 3 groups ( n=20 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), mechanical ventilation group (group V), and methylprednisolone group (group M). Group C breathed air spontaneously for 4 h without mechanical ventilation.Group V was mechanically ventilated (RR 40 times/min, V T 40 ml/kg, I∶E 1∶1, PEEP 0, FiO 2 21%) for 4 h. Group M received intravenous methylprednisolone 10 mg/kg at 20 min before mechanical ventilation.At 4 h of mechanical ventilation, broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected to measure the concentrations of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), IL-18, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and wet/dry lung weight ratio (W/D ratio), and lung tissues were obtained for microscopic examination of the histopathological changes and for detection of the expression of p38MAPK, phosphorylated p38MAPK (p-p38MAPK), NLRP3, apoptosis-related speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC), and cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease-1 (caspase-1) (using Western blot). Results:Compared with group C, the W/D ratio of lung tissues and concentrations IL-1β, IL-18 and TNF-α in BALF were significantly increased, and the expression of p-p38MAPK, NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 was up-regulated in group V ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in group M ( P>0.05). Compared with group V, the W/D ratio of lung tissues and concentrations of IL-1β, IL-18 and TNF-α in BALF were significantly decreased, and the expression of p-p38MAPK, NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 was down-regulated in group M ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which methylprednisolone alleviates VILI may be related to inhibition of p38MAPK/NLRP3 pathway activity and reduction of inflammatory responses in lung tissues of rats.

20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 158-164, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941252

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the short-term outcomes between off-pump and on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) by experienced surgeons with similar surgical team in a single large-volume cardiac surgery center. Methods: A total of 31 075 patients with multivessel coronary disease who underwent isolated off-pump or on-pump CABG between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2019 by experienced surgeons in Fuwai hospital were enrolled in this retrospective study. Patients was divided into on-pump CABG group and on-pump CABG group on an intention-to treat basis. Short term safety endpoints, including 30 days mortality, composite endpoint of major morbidity or mortality, prolonged postoperative length of stay (PLOS), and prolonged ICU length of stay (PICULOS), and distal anastomosis were compared between the two groups. Mortality was evaluated on 30 days post operation, other endpoints were collected before discharge. After 1∶1 propensity-score matching of baseline characteristics for on-pump and off-pump CABG, postoperative endpoints were compared with use of McNemar's test and further adjusted with the use of a logistic regression model. Results: After propensity-score matching, 10 243 matched pairs of patients were included in the final analysis, there were 4 605(22.5%) females and mean age was (60.7±8.6) years. The standardized differences were less than 5% for all baseline variables in matched cohort. Univariate analysis indicated lower risk of 30 days mortality (0.2% vs. 0.7%, P<0.001), major morbidity or mortality (5.7% vs. 8.8%, P<0.001), PLOS (3.2% vs. 4.9%, P<0.001), PICULOS (9.4% vs. 12.2, P<0.001), and lower number of distal anastomosis ((3.3±0.8) vs. (3.6±0.8), P<0.001) in off-pump CABG group than in on-pump CABG group. After adjustment of cofounders, multivariate analysis showed that off-pump CABG was still associated with a lower risk of 30 days mortality (OR=0.29, 95%CI: 0.09-0.87, P=0.027), composite endpoint of major morbidity or mortality (OR=0.60, 95%CI: 0.53-0.68, P<0.001), PLOS (OR=0.64, 95%CI 0.54-0.75, P<0.001), PICULOS (OR=0.76, 95%CI: 0.69-0.84, P<0.001). Conclusions: Off-pump CABG is related with superior short-term safety outcomes than on-pump CABG by experienced surgeons in our center.


Subject(s)
Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Surgeons , Treatment Outcome
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