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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 363-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923583

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of compound Fufangteng mixture-containing serum on the proliferation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) and its mechanism. Methods Rat BMSC were isolated, cultured and purified in vitro by direct adherence method. Cell morphology was observed. Surface markers were identified by flow cytometry. The rats were treated with compound Fufangteng mixture at a dose of 3 mL/(kg·d) by gavage for 14 d, and then the drug-containing serum was collected. BMSC were divided into the blank control group, drug-containing serum group, Notch1 small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) group and Notch1 siRNA+drug-containing serum group. The proliferation rate of BMSC was detected and the relative expression levels of Notch1 signaling pathway-associated messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and proteins were measured in each group. Results Microscopic observation showed that the first generation BMSC were seen in the long spindle shape, and grown in the parallel or spiral pattern. The third generation BMSC positively expressed CD90 and CD44, whereas were negative for CD45. Compared with the blank control group, the proliferation rate of BMSC in the drug-containing serum group and Notch1 siRNA+ drug-containing serum group was significantly increased, whereas that of BMSC was significantly decreased in the Notch1 siRNA group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Notch1 siRNA group, the proliferation rate of BMSC was significantly increased in the Notch1 siRNA+drug-containing serum group (P < 0.05). Compared with the blank control group, the relative expression levels of Hey1 and Delta-like ligand (DLL)1 mRNA and proteins were significantly up-regulated in the drug-containing serum group, whereas those were significantly down-regulated in the Notch1 siRNA group and Notch1 siRNA+drug-containing serum group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the Notch1 siRNA group, the relative expression levels of Hey1 and DLL1 mRNA and proteins were significantly up-regulated in the Notch1 siRNA+drug-containing serum group (all P < 0.05). Conclusions Compound Fufangteng mixture-containing serum may promote the proliferation of rat BMSC, and its mechanism is probably associated with the activation of Notch1 signaling pathway.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of antimicrobial stewardship based on self-developed antibiotic clinical decision support system (aCDSS) in the inpatients at a tertiary hospital for consecutive 6 years, and to provide reference for rational use and antimicrobial stewardship.Methods:aCDSS was self-designed based on information technology and applied in clinical use in our hospital from 2015. Data of inpatient information and antibacterial use from January 2015 to December 2020 were collected from HIS and aCDSS. A retrospective study was conducted in all inpatients on the utilization rate and antibiotic use density.Results:Since 2015, with the comprehensive implementation of antimicrobial stewardship based on the aCDSS,there was a significant decline on the annual rate of antibiotic usage from 44.18% in 2015 to 38.70% in 2020, as well as on the usage rate of extended-spectrum antimicrobial agents including carbapenems, broad-spectrum β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitors, tigecycline, broad-spectrum cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, as well as glycopeptide and antifungal drugs. Compared with 2015, the usage of carbapenems, tigecycline and broad-spectrum β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitors was declined nearly 50% in 2020, and the density of carbapenems and tigecycline were decreased by 29.6% and 7.1%, respectively in 2020. On the other side, the utilization rate and use density of narrow-spectrum cephalosporins continued to increase by year, the use density of narrow-spectrum cephalosporins accounting for 28.2% of all antibiotics in 2020.Conclusions:With the comprehensive implementation of aCDSS, the utilization rate and density of broad-spectrum and high-priced antibacterial drugs in our hospital have decreased continuously to decline in the past 6 years, while the proportion of narrow-spectrum antimicrobials has increased year by year, indicating that the structure of antimicrobial use has been continuously optimized and that antimicrobial stewardship based on the information technology have achieved remarkable results.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942351

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis is a chronic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass, destruction of bone tissue microarchitecture, and imbalance of bone homeostasis, leading to increased bone fragility and increased risk of fractures. Oxidative stress caused by the disruption of the balance between excess reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the anti-oxidative system is an important factor in the occurrence and progression of osteoporosis. Nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an important anti-oxidative stress pathway. Nrf2 is a primary factor in regulating cellular oxidative stress. Activating Nrf2 can stimulate the expression of HO-1. HO-1 is a key enzyme whose metabolites are bile green Oxygen, carbon monoxide, and free iron. The metabolites can scavenge ROS, thereby exerting an antioxidant effect in cells. At present, domestic and foreign scholars have reported that the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway is closely related to the occurrence and development of osteoporosis and the mechanism of drugs. Chinese medicine can effectively solve the insufficiency of western medicine with multi-target, multi-channel, and multi-level advantages. Chinese medicine can resist oxidative stress, inflammatory response, and apoptosis by regulating the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway, thus treating osteoporosis. This article reviewed the relationship between Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and its key target protein factors and osteoporosis, to clarify the important role of the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway in osteoporosis. At the same time, a systematic summary of Chinese medicines targeting and regulating the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway for the treatment of osteoporosis was conducted, to provide a theoretical basis for further precise treatment of osteoporosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940599

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo develop a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker (QAMS) for determination of bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin in Shexiang Baoxin pills, and to provide a method for improving the national standard of the pills. MethodHigh performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was developed for simultaneous determination of bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin in Shexiang Baoxin pills and the methodology validation was carried out. The chromatographic separation was performed on a Nucleosil 100-5 C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with the mobile phase of acetonitrile -0.1% potassium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution (pH adjusted to 3.2 with phosphoric acid) (48∶52), and the flow rate was 0.6 mL·min-1, the detection wavelength was set at 296 nm and the column temperature was 35 ℃. Taking cinobufagin as the internal standard, the relative correction factors (RCFs) of bufalin and resibufogenin were calculated, and the key influencing factors of RCFs were investigated. Relative retention time was used for the chromatographic peak location of the analyte, combining with the on-line ultraviolet spectroscopy and accurate relative molecular weight obtained by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF/MS). The external standard method was used to verify the contents of three components obtained by QAMS. ResultQAMS was established for the determination of bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin in the samples, and RCFs of cinobufagin to bufalin and resibufogenin were 0.922 and 1.01, respectively. The total content of the three marker compounds in 11 batches of Shexiang Baoxin pills was 33.7-36.0 µg per pill. There was no significant difference between the quantitative results of QAMS and external standard method. ConclusionThe established method can be used for the quality control of bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin in Shexiang Baoxin pills. It is suggested that bufalin should be considered as one of three marker compounds, and the sum of bufalin, cinobufagin and resibufogenin should be used for the content limit of this preparation.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 258-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920858

ABSTRACT

Islet transplantation is one of the effective therapies for diabetes mellitus. Nevertheless, multiple issues still exist, such as shortage of donors and adverse reactions caused by long-term use of immunosuppressants, which limit the islet survival post-transplantation. Microencapsulated islet transplantation may overcome these difficulties to certain extent, whereas many factors, such as the destruction of immune isolation microenvironment within the microcapsules and insufficient supply of oxygen and nutrients, constrain the application of microencapsulated islet transplantation in clinical practice. In recent years, how to enhance the effect of microencapsulated islet transplantation has been gradually studied. The application of stem cells in microencapsulated islet transplantation has steadily become a research hot spot. Therefore, the optimizing strategies for microencapsulated islet transplantation and the application of stem cells in microencapsulated islet transplantation were reviewed, and the potential improvement techniques of microencapsulated islet transplantation were investigated in this article, aiming to provide reference for further clinical application of microencapsulated islet transplantation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885052

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) pretreatment on diaphragmatic function in septic rats.Methods:Twenty-six clean-grade healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 220-260 g, were divided into 3 groups using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S, n=6), sepsis group (group Sep, n=10) and NRG-1 group (group N, n=10). Sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture in anesthetized rats.Group S underwent simple laparotomy.At 30 min before operation, recombinant human NRG-1β 10 μg/kg was injected through tail vein in group N, while the equal volume of normal saline was given in S and Sep groups.At 24 h after operation, the survived rats were sacrificed, and the diaphragm was removed for determination of the contractile function and contents of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and for examination of the pathological changes (by hematoxylin and eosin staining). Results:Compared with group S, the force-frequency curve was shifted downward, and the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were increased ( P<0.01), inflammatory cell infiltration was observed in Sep and N groups.Compared with group Sep, the force-frequency curve was shifted upward , and the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were decreased ( P<0.01), inflammatory cell infiltration was alleviated in group N. Conclusion:NRG-1 pretreatment can improve diaphragmatic contractile function in septic rats, and the mechanism is related to reducing diaphragmatic inflammatory responses.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878949

ABSTRACT

Network pharmacology, molecular docking and in vivo experiments were used to explore the pharmacodynamic basis and potential mechanism of Danggui Sini Decoction in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea(PD). The chemical constituents of Danggui(Angelicae Sinensis Radix), Guizhi(Cinnamomi Ramulus), Tongcao(Tetrapanacis Medulla), Baishao(Paeoniae Radix Alba), Xixin(Asari Radix et Rhizoma), Gancao(Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma), and Dazao(Jujubae Fructus) from Danggui Sini Decoction were retrieved through TCMSP(Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database), and the action targets of Danggui Sini Decoction were collected through DrugBank. "Primary dysmenorrhea" and "dysmenorrhea" were used as the key words to search the corresponding targets in the GeneCards, OMIM and TTD databases, and then the intersection targets of Danggui Sini Decoction and the primary dysmenorrhea targets were taken for reverse screening to obtain the corresponding active ingredients. Cytoscape 3.6.1 software was used to construct a traditional Chinese medicine-compound-target-disease network; STRING database was used to build a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network; Gene ontology(GO) function enrichment analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were conducted by using DAVID database. The action mechanism of the intersection targets were then predicted, and a histogram chart and bubble chart were drawn for visualization. Then the top five targets in the PPI network were used for docking with the most compounds. In animal experiments, Sprague Dawley(SD) female rats were used to establish a primary dysmenorrhea model by intraperitoneal injection of diethylstilbestrol once a day. A total of 60 SD female rats were randomly divided into 6 groups, namely control group, model group, Danggui Sini Decoction low(1.5 g·kg~(-1)), medium(3.0 g·kg~(-1)), high(6.0 g·kg~(-1)) dose groups, and ibuprofen(20 mg·kg~(-1)) positive control group, with 10 rats in each group. From day 4, except for the control group, rats in the other groups were given intragastric administration of corresponding drugs, and the control group received intragastric administration of normal saline for 7 consecutive days. The number of writhing before and after the administration, the ute-rine contraction inhibition rate and the uterine index after administration were observed, and ELISA assay was used to detect the levels of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2(PTGS2) and vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA) in the tissues of each group as well as the levels of serum inflammatory factors interleukin 1(IL-1), interleukin 6(IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-α). According to network analysis, 7 Chinese medicines contained 114 active ingredients, 149 targets, and 30 common target genes with PD were obtained. The key targets included VEGFA, IL6, PTGS2, TNF, etc.; GO function enrichment analysis showed a total of 399 terms(P<0.05) were obtained, 353 of which were biological process(BP) terms, 21 were cell composition(CC) terms, and 25 were molecular function(MF) terms. In KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, 14 signaling pathways were obtained, 3 of which were related to inflammation, namely arachidonic acid metabolism, MAPK signaling pathway and NOD-like receptor signaling pathway. The compounds in Danggui Sini Decoction can play a therapeutic role in the treatment of PD by acting on VEGFA, IL-6, PTGS2, TNF and other targets to regulate arachidonic acid and inflammatory signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 397-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881523

ABSTRACT

Organoids are tissue structures, generated from pluripotent stem cells and cultured in vitro, which form self-organize and recapitulate tissues with similar structure and function to the original organs. Organoids have similar appearance and function to the original tissues, and have been widely applied in basic research and clinical trial. At present, the organoids of liver, kidney, islet, brain, intestine and other organs have been successfully cultivated. The use of islet organoid is a hotspot in the field of organoid research. However, islet organoid is currently applied in basic research because rejection after organ transplantation and other issues remain unresolved. In this article, the origin, development and basic application of islet organoid were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the transformation from basic research of islet organoid into clinical application as well as the treatment of diabetes mellitus.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881245

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the prognostic survival status and influence factors for surgical treatment of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in pathological stage T1b (pT1b). Methods    The patients with ESCC in pT1b undergoing Ivor-Lewis or McKeown esophagectomy in Lanzhou University Second Hospital from 2012 to 2015 were collected, including 78 males (78.3%) and 17 females (21.7%) with an average age of 61.4±7.4 years. Results    The most common postoperative complications were pneumonia (15.8%), anastomotic leakage (12.6%) and arrhythmia (8.4%). Ninety-three (97.9%) patients underwent R0 resection, with an average number of lymph node dissections of 14.4±5.6. The rate of lymph node metastasis was 22.1%, and the incidence of lymph vessel invasion was 13.7%. The median follow-up time was 60.4 months, during which 25 patients died and 27 patients relapsed. The overall survival rate at 3 years was 86.3%, and at 5 years was 72.7%. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that lymph node metastasis (P=0.012, HR=2.60, 95%CI 1.23-5.50) and lympovascular invasion (P=0.014, HR=2.73, 95%CI 1.22-6.09) were independent risk factors for overall survival of pT1b ESCC. Conclusion    Esophagectomy via right chest approach combined with two-fields lymphadenectomy is safe and feasible for patients with pT1b ESCC. The progress of pT1b ESCC with lymph node metastasis or lymphovascular invasion is relatively poor.

10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1094-1101, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941406

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous closure of ventricular septal rupture (VSR) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and the risk factors of all-cause mortality at 30 days after operation. Methods: This is a retrospective case series study. A total of 69 patients with post-AMI VSR, underwent percutaneous closure of VSR from October 2013 to May 2020 in Department of Cardiology of Henan Provincial People's Hospital and Department of Cardiology of Central China Fuwai Hospital, were included. Patients were divided into survival group (53 cases) and non-survival group (16 cases) according to the status at 30 days after operation. Clinical data were collected and analyzed during hospitalization. Telephone follow-up was performed 30 days after operation. The primary safety endpoint was occlusion failure and all-cause mortality at 30 days post operation. The secondary safety endpoint was the operation related or non-operation related complications. Efficacy endpoint included NYHA classification of cardiac function, index measured by right heart catheterization and echocardiography. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to analyze the risk factors of all-cause mortality at 30 days after operation. Results: A total of 69 patients, aged 67 (64, 71) years, including 42 women (60.9%), were enrolled in this study. All-cause death occurred in 16 patients (23.2%), including 13 in-hospital death and 3 death during follow-up. There were 4 cases of closure failure (5.8%). Among the 65 patients with successful closure, 12 (18.5%) experienced operation-related complications, among which 8 (12.3%) experienced valve injury. The mortality was significantly higher in patients with operation-related complications than that in patients without operation-related complications (41.7% (5/12) vs. 13.2% (7/53), P = 0.022). One case received percutaneous closure of VSR and PCI, this patient experienced new-onset AMI immediately post procedure and died thereafter (1.5%). One case (1.5%) developed multiple organ failure and 2 cases (3.1%) developed gastrointestinal bleeding post operation. All of the 65 patients with successful occlusion completed postoperative echocardiography, 56 patients completed cardiac function assessment at discharge, and 53 patients who survived up to 30 days post discharge completed clinical follow up by telephone. The NYHA cardiac function at discharge and 30 days after operation were significantly improved as compared to that before operation (P<0.001), the ratio of NYHA Ⅰ and Ⅱ patients was significantly higher post operation at these two time points as compared to baseline level (76.8% (43/56) vs. 23.1% (15/65), P<0.001, 77.4% (41/53) vs. 23.1% (15/65), P<0.001). The pulmonary circulation/systemic circulation blood flow ratio (Qp/Qs), pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVDd) were decreased, aortic systolic pressure (ASP) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were increased post operation (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that WBC>9.8×109/L (OR=20.94, 95%CI 1.21-362.93, P=0.037) and NT-ProBNP>6 000 ng/L (OR=869.11, 95%CI 2.93-258 058.34, P=0.020) were the independent risk factors of mortality at 30 days. Conclusions: Percutaneous closure in VSR after AMI is safe and effective. The increase of WBC and NT-ProBNP are the independent risk factors of all-cause mortality at 30 days after operation.


Subject(s)
Aftercare , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Myocardial Infarction , Patient Discharge , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Septal Rupture/surgery
11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 749-754,f4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907517

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic factors that may affect the postoperative survival of gastric cancer by analyzing patients with radical gastrectomy.Methods:The data of 525 patients with radical gastrectomy, including 387 male and 138 female with average age (62.5±10.7) years old (ranged from 16 to 89 years), were analyzed retrospectively in Anqing Municipal Hospital between October 2010 to July 2015. The relationship between 33 variables and prognosis was analyzed by a Cox proportionalhazards regression model, meanwhile ROC curve was established in order to explore the risk factor of postopertive survival.Results:The over survival(OS) rate of all patients was 89.3% at 1 year, 68.4% at 3 years and 59.6% at 5 years. The 5-year OS rate was 81.9% at stage Ⅰ, 71.4% at stage Ⅱ and 44.1% at stage Ⅲ. In the multivariate analysis that included these factors, preoperative comorbidity ( HR=1.595, P=0.001), hemoglobin( HR=1.377, P=0.017), CA199( HR=1.618, P=0.004), tumor distribution( HR=1.943, P=0.032), pT stage( HR=1.731, P=0.012), pN stage( HR=2.118, P=0.000), signet ring cell( HR=1.642, P=0.038)and intravascular tumor thrombus( HR=1.391, P=0.039) were independent risk factors associating with postopertive survival.According to ROC curve, the following area (AUC value) could predict survival after radical gastrectomy, including CA199 (AUC=0.568), hemoglobin(AUC=0.586), preoperative comorbidity(AUC=0.554), pT stage(AUC=0.636), pN stage(AUC=0.670)and intravascular tumor thrombus(AUC=0.626)( P<0.05). Conclusion:According to ROC curve analysis, preoperative comorbidity, anemia, CA199, pN stage, pT stage and intravascular tumor thrombus played an role in predicting long-term survival after radical resection of gastric cancer.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829026

ABSTRACT

BRAF is a serine/threonine kinase that harbors activating mutations in ∼7% of human malignancies and ∼60% of melanomas. Despite initial clinical responses to BRAF inhibitors, patients frequently develop drug resistance. To identify candidate therapeutic targets for BRAF inhibitor resistant melanoma, we conduct CRISPR screens in melanoma cells harboring an activating BRAF mutation that had also acquired resistance to BRAF inhibitors. To investigate the mechanisms and pathways enabling resistance to BRAF inhibitors in melanomas, we integrate expression, ATAC-seq, and CRISPR screen data. We identify the JUN family transcription factors and the ETS family transcription factor ETV5 as key regulators of CDK6, which together enable resistance to BRAF inhibitors in melanoma cells. Our findings reveal genes contributing to resistance to a selective BRAF inhibitor PLX4720, providing new insights into gene regulation in BRAF inhibitor resistant melanoma cells.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872119

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical effect of gluteal pressure sore repaired by superior and inferior perforating artery island flap with rotation and joint propulsion.Methods From January 2014 to April 2018,37 patients (27 males,10 females,aged 35~79 years) with hip decubitus were admitted to the First People's Hospital of Yulin City for treatment of hip decubitus.According to the situation of the wound surface,the perforating site of superior and inferior perforator arteries and the local soft tissue,the corresponding perforator arteries were selected as the pedicle to form island skin flap,and the wound surface was transferred by rotation and propulsion.Results All the flaps sur vived well.33 cases healed in the first stage,but 4 cases dehisced and infected in the incision.After dressing change,the wounds healed in the second stage and the wounds were locally smooth.Conclusions The rotational combined push type gluteal superior and inferior perforator island flap is a good method to repair gluteal pressure sore.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of artificial intelligence assisted pulmonary nodule diagnosis system in detection pulmonary nodule and predicting the malignant probability of pulmonary nodule.Methods:A retrospectively analyze the clinical data of 199 patients with lung nodules in the Thoracic Surgery Department of Lanzhou University Second Hospital from May 2016 to July 2020. The preoperative chest CT was imported into the artificial intelligence system to record the detected lung nodules, to measure nodal diameter and density classification and malignant probability prediction value of each nodule. The detection rate of pulmonary nodules by artificial intelligence system was calculated, and the sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio and negative likelihood ratio of artificial intelligence system in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant pulmonary nodules were calculated and compared with manual film reading. and the sensitivity and specificity in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant pulmonary nodules under the condition of different size and density of pulmonary nodules.Results:A total of 204 pulmonary nodules were pathologically diagnosed by surgical resection, and the detection rate of pulmonary nodules by artificial intelligence system was 100%. The artificial intelligence system can distinguish benign and malignant pulmonary nodules with a sensitivity of 95.83%(95% CI: 0.8967-0.9883), specificity 25.00%(95% CI: 0.1717-0.3425), and a positive likelihood ratio of 1.27(95% CI: 1.14-1.44), negative likelihood ratio 0.17(95% CI: 0.06-0.46), Manual reading for the differentiation of benign and malignant pulmonary nodules has a sensitivity of 87.36%(95% CI: 0.7850-0.9352), specificity 72.17%(95% CI: 0.6214-0.8079), and a positive likelihood ratio of 3.14(95% CI: 2.26-4.37), the negative likelihood ratio is 0.18(95% CI: 0.10-0.31). 5mm≤diameter of pulmonary nodule<10 mm, sensitivity 100%(95% CI: 0.6637-1.0000), specificity 50.00%(95% CI: 0.01258-0.98740), 10 mm≤diameter of pulmonary nodule <20 mm, sensitivity 94.29%(95% CI: 0.8084-0.9930), specificity 29.83%(95% CI: 0.1843-0.4340), 20 mm≤ diameter of pulmonary nodule ≤30 mm, sensitivity 96.15%(95% CI: 0.8679-0.9953), specificity 18.37%(95% CI: 0.0876-0.9953), sensitivity of subsolid lung nodules: 100%(95% CI: 0.9051-1.0000), specificity 20.00%(95% CI: 0.0051-0.7164), solid lung nodule sensitivity 93.22%(95% CI: 0.8354-0.9812), specificity 25.24%(95% CI: 0.1720-0.3476). Conclusion:The artificial intelligence assistant diagnosis system of pulmonary nodules has a strong performance in the detection of pulmonary nodules, but it can not meet the clinical requirements in the differentiation of benign and malignant pulmonary nodules. At present, the artificial intelligence system can be used as an auxiliary tool for doctors to detect pulmonary nodules and assist in the diagnosis of benign and malignant pulmonary nodules.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870514

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of AngioJet thrombectomy on proximal iliofemoral vein thrombosis after trauma.Methods:The clinical data of patients with proximal iliofemoral vein thrombosis treated with AngioJet thrombectomy were retrospectively analyzed at Vascular Surgery Department of our hospital in 2019.Results:A total of 76 patients were enrolled. After PMT 20 patients had grade Ⅲ thrombolysis clearance(26.3%), 41 patients (53.9%) had grade Ⅱ clearance, and 15 cases (19.7%) had grade Ⅰ clearance. Thirty four cases (44.7%) of grade Ⅲ were cleared after catheter aspiration or catheter thrombolysis, 35 cases (46.1%) of grade Ⅱ, 7 cases (9.2%) of grade Ⅰ were cleared, thrombus clearance rate increased significantly ( P<0.05). Cerebral hemorrhage occurred in 1 case (1.3%), and thrombosis recurred in 2 cases (2.6%). The patency rate was 91.8% at 3 months follow-up. Conclusions:AngioJet thrombectomy is a safe and effective method for treating post-traumatic proximal iliac femoral vein thrombosis. Intraoperative application of urokinase thrombolysis, catheter aspiration and catheter-directed thrombolysis can increase thrombus clearance effect.

16.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 524-529,封3, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751666

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the modified Clavien-Dindo classification and risk factors for postoperative early complications of radical proctectomy in rectal cancer.Methods The clinical data of 187 patients,including 99 male cases and 88 female cases with the average age (64.5 ± 10.8) years old (ranged from 37 to 87 years),with radical resection of rectal cancer were analyzed retrospectively in Anqing Hospital Affiliated of Anhui Medical University between August 2014 and October 2018,and the occurrence of early postoperative complications was analyzed according to the modified Clavien-Dindo grade system.The relationship between 32 variables and complications in the data was analyzed by single factor and multiple factors in order to explore the risk factors of early postoperative complications.Results One hundred and eighty seven patients with radical proctectomy,54 cases (28.9%,54/187) had early postoperative complications,including 15 cases of serious complications (8.0%,15/187),3 cases were performed second surgeries under general anesthesia (1.6%,3/187).Postoperative modified Clavien-Dindo Grade:12 cases with grade Ⅰ,27 cases with grade Ⅱ,11 cases with grade Ⅲ a,3 cases with grade Ⅲ b,1 case with grade Ⅳ a,no case with grade Ⅳ b and Ⅴ.The results of single factor analysis showed age (x2 =4.788,P =0.029),ASA grade (x2 =26.903,P =0.000),multiple organ resection (x2 =4.749,P =0.029),pT stage (x2 =8.080,P =0.044),pTNM stage (x2 =6.29,P =0.043),total harvested lymph node number (x2 =5.542,P =0.019).The occurrence of early complications after radical proctectomy,multi-factor analysis found that ASA grade (OR =3.539,P =0.000),pTNM stage (OR =1.846,P =0.034) was an independent risk factor for early postoperative complications of rectal cancer.The area (AUC value) under the curve of the prediction of early postoperative complications in patients with ASA grade and pTNM stage was 0.708 (95% CI:0.625-0.791,P =0.000) and 0.555 (95% CI:0.469-0.642,P =0.235).Conclusions Early complications after radical resection of rectal cancer are closely related to ASA grade and tumor pTNM staging.ASA grade can be used as a significant predictor of early complications after radical proctectomy in rectal cancer.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743232

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the predictive value of HEART and GRACE scores for risk stratification and 30-day major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with acute chest pain in emergency department.Methods This is a prospective observational study.Patients with acute chest pain aged 18 years or older who were first diagnosed in our emergency department were enrolled from January 1,2016 to September 1,2017.The clinical data were collected,and HEART and GRACE scores were calculated.All causes of MACE in each patient were followed up for 30 days.Results This study included 1004 patients with acute chest pain for analysis.Finally this study enrolled 600 patients with an age range of 20-98 years (mean 63.28±15.47 years),351 males (58.5%) and 249 females (41.5%).The age,past history (smoking,coronary heart disease and diabetes),GRACE score and HEART score in MACE patients were significantly higher than those in non-MACE patients (P<0.05).The area under the ROC curve of HEART and GRACE scores were 0.817 (95% CI 0.771-0.863) and 0.739 (95% CI:0.687-0.791),respectively.The percent of patients with 30-day MACE with GRACE score and HEART score were 6.2% vs 4.1% in low-risk stratification,19.7% vs 15.1% in medium-risk stratification,and 35.1% vs 56.5% in high-risk stratification,respectively.Conclusions The HEART score is superior to the GRACE score in predicting 30-day MACE in patients with acute chest pain in emergency department.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776518

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of exendin-4(Ex-4) on the differentiation of neural stem cells(NSCs) in adult mouse subventricular zone(SVZ)and its mechanism .@*METHODS@#NSCs in the SVZ were derived from 5-week C57BL/6J mice and the expression of nestin was detected by immunofluorescence. The cell morphology was observed after the cells treatmed with 100 nmol/L Ex-4 for 14 days.The expressions of nestin and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) were detected by immunofluorescence. GLP-1R was knocked down by using shRNA and the study was divided into four groups: control group, Ex-4 group, GLP-1R knockdown group, GLP-1R knockdown + Ex-4 group. After treatment with 100 nmol/L Ex-4 for 14 d, β-tublin III and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were labeled by immunofluorescence and then the proportion of β-tublin III positive cells were counted. Western blot was used to detect the activation of cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) in NSCs. In order to further study the effects of Ex-4 on mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol 3-hydroxy kinase (PI3K) pathways, the cells were pretreated with MAPK inhibitor U0126 at a concentration of 0.07 μmol/L for 30 min or PI3K inhibitor LY294002 at 50 μmol for 2 h, respectively. The study was divided into six groups: control group, Ex-4 group, U0126 group, U0126 + Ex-4 group, LY294002 group, LY294002 + Ex-4 group. The activation of CREB in each group was detected by Western blot. The experiment was repeated three times independently.@*RESULTS@#NSCs were successfully extracted from SVZ of C57BL/6J mice. Immunofluorescence showed that nestin and GLP-1R were positive in NSCs. Compared with the control group, the proportion of neurons differentiated from Ex-4 group was higher. The percentage of neurons in GLP-1R knockdown + Ex-4 group was basically the same as that in control group (P<0.01). The positive cells of beta-tublin III showed positive activation of GLP-1R and CREB. Western blot showed that CREB was significantly activated in the Ex-4 group, and knockdown of GLP-1R abolished its activation (P<0.01). U0126 did not affect Ex-4-mediated CERB activation, and LY294002 significantly reduced Ex-4-mediated CREB activation (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Ex-4 promotes the differentiation of NSCs into neurons in SVZ of adult mice through GLP-1R receptor, which may be achieved through PI3K/CREB pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein , Metabolism , Exenatide , Pharmacology , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor , Genetics , Metabolism , Lateral Ventricles , Cell Biology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neural Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733768

ABSTRACT

Objective To get well-informed of the current status of emergency training in primary hospitals in Sichuan Province and to find weaknesses in the system in order to provide scientific basis for emergency knowledge and skills training.Methods A stratified random cluster sampling method as adopted and an anonymous questionnaire survey method was conducted to investigate the basic circumstances of the current training and the training needs of 1 000 emergency medical staff in 9 regions throughout Sichuan Province.Results The scope of the survey covered emergency doctors,nurses and technicians in hospitals of Grade Ⅱ,Grade Ⅲ and below.A total of 1 000 surveys were sent out and 983 were recovered.The questionnaire completion rate was 98.3%.The respondents mainly worked for more than 10 years,most of which with Bachelor degree,junior and intermediate titles.Results of the survey showed,63.1% Most respondents have only one or two training opportunities per year.The training methods are mainly continuing education (59.0%,580 trips),training organized within the unit (58.5%,575 trips),and training organized by health administrative units (39.3%,386 trips).The main contents of the training are:basic professional skills learning (66.7%,655 trips),basic professional theoretical study (59.2%,582 trips),and new emergency technology (42.5%,418 trips),only 32.0% of the respondents believe that these methods meet the practical needs.The main factors that influence participation in the training were:not be arranged by employer (36.2%,356 trips);the training was different from actual work (31.6%,311 trips);no replacement for work so they couldn't join training (29.8%,293 trips).The survey showed that the most desirable way of training is:practical application (60.1%,591 trips) and the most desirable training content is:emergency first aid knowledge (73.7%,724 trips).There were significant differences in case discussion,technical observation,academic lectures,special study trainingand learning methods in hospitals of different levels (P<0.05),but there was no significant difference in the choice of professional practice methods (P>0.05),and the selection of training contents was in emergency first aid knowledge,general medical knowledge and prevention and treatment of chronic diseases.There was no statistical difference in the selection of training contents of knowledge,infectious disease knowledge and department management knowledge (P>0.05).There were significant differences in the choice of nursing knowledge training (P<0.05).Conclusion The current situation showed a lack of first-aid knowledge and skills training for emergency personnel in Sichuan Province.The present situation of skill training can't satisfy the need of their desire to participate in training.It is urgent to develop a standardized,systematic and scientific training mode to improve the emergency first aid ability of primary medical and emergency personnel.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805309

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of pheochromocytoma crisis (PCC) .@*Methods@#Data of 123 cases of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL) admitted from Apr. 2011 to Feb. 2017 were retrospectively analyzed and they were divided into crisis group and noncrisis group according to the patients with or without haemodynamic instability and end-organ damage. The differences of demographics characteristics, presentations, laboratory tests, imaging findings, perioperative clinical conditions and pathological features were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#①16 cases were enrolled into crisis group, among whom 5 were misdiagnosed, while 107 cases were enrolled into noncrisis group. ②Compared with noncrisis group, the incidence of headache, palpitation, sweating, the classic triad, other presentations of PPGL, severe hypertension and hypotension were higher, and more patients had paroxysmal hypertension and admitted to our hospital for paroxysmal presentations in crisis group (P<0.05) . ③Leukocyte, fasting blood glucose, liver transaminases, troponin and D-dimmer were higher, while estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was lower, more tumors located in the left of adrenal in crisis group (P<0.05) . ④ Patients in crisis group had higher plasma free metanephrines (MNs) , larger maximal tumor diameter, higher enhanced CT value in each period, more benign tumors and hemorrhage or necrosis in the tumors, but all the differences were not significant when compared with the noncrisis group. ⑤Patients in crisis group were more likely to undergo elective surgery. However, there was no difference in the preoperative time of α-blockade, type of surgery, intraoperative and postoperative complications, mortality among the two groups.@*Conclusions@#PCC is a rare endocrinological emergency with a highly variable manifestations, which commonly presents with typical triad, with higher incidence of hemodynamic instability and end-organ damage. Although biochemical and imaging examinations are relatively effective in the diagnosis of PCC, the misdiagnosis remains inappropriate high. Once the diagnosis is established, clinicians should timely start drug preparation while surgical resection is the key to the treatment of PCC.

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