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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 191-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873729

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of rapid and sutureless anastomosis of artificial vascular replacement of abdominal aorta in dog models using magnetic compression anastomosis (MCA) technique. Methods Twelve healthy adult crossbred dogs were evenly divided into the MCA and hand suturing (HS) groups according to the anastomosis method between abdominal aorta and artificial blood vessels. The intraoperative duration of abdominal aorta occlusion, intraoperative condition of anastomotic stoma and postoperative imaging examination of anastomotic stoma were compared between two groups. Results The intraoperative duration of abdominal aorta occlusion in the MCA group was significantly shorter than that in the HS group [(5.2±2.3) min vs. (24.4±4.3) min, P < 0.001]. No anastomotic leakage of blood or anastomotic stenosis occurred in the MCA group during the operation. Intraoperative anastomotic leakage of blood occurred in all of the 6 dogs in the HS group. Among them, 1 dog died of excessive blood loss, and 2 dogs experienced mild anastomotic stenosis due to repeated repair. Postoperative color Doppler ultrasound and angiography showed smooth blood flow at the anastomotic stoma without stenosis or thrombosis in the MCA group. In the HS group, 4 dogs presented with anastomotic stenosis on angiography at postoperative 4 weeks. Conclusions MCA technique may achieve rapid and sutureless anastomosis of artificial vascular replacement of abdominal aorta in dog models, which reduces the incidence of anastomotic complications and accelerates postoperative recovery.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872361

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the output efficiency of medical services in clinical departments, so as to provide a breakthrough point for rational allocation of resources and improvement of service efficiency.Methods:The classic BCC model of data envelopment analysis(DEA) was used to evaluate the medical service efficiency of 44 clinical departments in a hospital, and the comprehensive efficiency, pure technical efficiency, scale efficiency and scale benefits were analyzed. The input indicators were the number of medical staff, medical costs and the number of beds at the end of the period. The output indicators were diagnosis-related group(DRG) indicators, including the number of DRG groups, total weight, case mix index, cost consumption index, time consumption index and mortality rate of low-risk group.Results:The average values of comprehensive efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency of the whole hospital in 2018 were 0.897, 0.920 and 0.975 respectively. DEA was relatively effective in 16 departments(36%), weakly effective in 7 departments(16%), and ineffective in 21 departments(48%). In the case of constant output, the redundancy rates of the actual beds, medical staff and medical business expenditure of non DEA effective departments were 17.3%, 20.3% and 17.1% respectively; under the same input, the output of non DEA effective departments was insufficient.Conclusions:The comprehensive efficiency of medical services in this hospital is ideal, but the proportion of non DEA effective departments is relatively high. It is suggested to improve the efficiency of medical services by optimizing resource input, strengthening discipline construction, and strengthening cost control.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815545

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the correlation between screen time, exposure time to different screens and psychology behaviors of preschool children.@*Methods@#A total of 2 582 children from kindergartens in urban Xuzhou areas were recruited to perform the physical examination, a cluster sampling method being explored. Parent questionnaires were performed to understand the time of screens and children’s psychology behaviors. Multi-linear regression and Logistic regression models were also used to analyze the correlation between them in preschool children.@*Results@#The prevalence of abnormal internalization behavior of preschool children in Xuzhou City was 3.8%, the detection rate of abnormal externalization behavior was 22.4%, and the detection rate of prosocial behavior abnormality was 20.9%. The time spent by the preschool boys on TV time, learning day screen time and one-week video time is significantly higher than the girls (P<0.05). After adjusting for age and gender, the results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the longer the average screen time, the more serious the problem of internalizing and externalizing problems; and the longer the average screen time of the weekend and the week, the worse the prosocial behavior of children (P<0.05). After correcting multiple covariates, it was found that the average screen time was positively correlated with children’s internal and external behavioral problems (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age and gender, the average screen time of study day, weekend and week was a risk factor for preschool children’s internal and external behavior problems, and the average weekly screen time was a protective factor for prosocial behavior (P<0.05). After adjusting for multiple covariates, the learning day and the average weekly screen time were risk factors for children’s internal and external behavior (P<0.05). In addition, the results of association analysis between different types of video time exposure and psychological behavior showed that after adjusting for age and gender, all types of video exposures affected the internal and external behaviors of patients (P<0.05); after correcting multiple covariates The association was still statistically significant (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age and gender, the exposure time of each type of video screen was a risk factor for children’s internal and external behavior problems (P<0.05). After correcting multiple covariates, all types of video exposure were internalized behavior problems. The risk factors, and the video time of other electronic products were risk factors for externalization behavior problems (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Average screen time has a significant positive correlation with psychological behavior, and the exposure time of screens such as TV and mobile phone could increase the incidence of psychological behaviors in preschool children.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 927-931, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800260

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the safety and efficiency of totally ultrasonography-guided super-mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy(SMP) in the treatment of upper urinary stone in adults and children(<14years).@*Methods@#From May 2015 to July 2018, 81 cases of children(53%) and 71(47%) cases of adults with upper tract stones underwent the SMP by total ultrasound guidance. In the group of children, it’s including 53 male and 28 female with 85 channels in total, the patients age ranged from 10 months to 14 years, [mean (56.0±39.7) months], The stone size ranged from 0.8-3.5 cm, [mean (1.7±0.7)cm]. About stone distribution, 42 cases of pelvic stones, 25 cases of calyceal and pelvic stones, 5 cases of calyceal stones, 7 cases of upper uretaral stones, 1 case of upper ureteral and calyceal stones, 1 case of malformation with double renal pelvis and ureter. Urinary infection rate was 86.4%(70/81), positive rate of urinary culture was 39.5%(32/81). In the group of adults, it’s including 43 male and 28 female, the patients aged from 18 to 81 years, [mean (44.1±15.4)years], The stone size ranged from 1.0-3.0 cm, [mean (1.7±0.6)cm]. About Stone distribution, 19 cases of pelvic stones, 13 cases of calyceal and pelvic stones, 7 cases of calyceal stones, 24 cases of upper uretaral stones, 3 cases of upper ureteral and calyceal stones, 1 case of malformation with double renal pelvis and ureter. Urinary infection rate was 87.3%(62/71), positive rate of urinary culture was 26.8%(19/71). The patient was placed in the lithotomy position under general anesthesia. A 5F ureteric catheter was retrogradely inserted into the collecting system and urethral catheter was placed in the bladder. The patient was then turned prone. The selected calix was punctured under ultrasound guidance by 18G puncture needle and a 0.032 inch guidewire was inserted into the collecting system. Nephrostomy tract was established using Dilators(it was done in one step for 12F and in two steps for 14F). After the corresponding size of suction-evacuation sheath was placed, the sheath was connected to the specimen collection bottle via the oblique branch of a metal connector. The miniature endoscope was inserted into the sheath to observe the collecting system and stone fragmentation was completed by using YAG laser or pneumatic lithotripter. Stone free rate after surgery at 1day(SFR) and 1 month(1 month SFR), stone size, operative time(from starting fragmentation to the end of the surgery), hemoglobin drop and hematocrit drop in the first day after surgery, rate of surgecal complications, tubeless rate(totally tubless: no ureteric stent and nephrostomy tube; tubeless: no nephrostomy tube but ureteric stent), average length of hospital stay and urinary infection were recorded and compared.@*Results@#In children group, mean operative time was (27.7±13.0)min(range 5-60 min), SFR and SFR at 1 month were 96.3%(78/81)and 98.8%(80/81), mean hemoglobin drop was (8.0±9.1)g/L(range 0-41 g/L), mean hematocrit drop was 0.026±0.029(range 0-0.135), totally tubeless rate was 86.4%(71/81), mean hospital stay was (2.5±0.9)days(range 1-5 days). Complications were observed in 9 cases and classified using Calvien grading system, Grade Ⅰ in 8 cases: postoperative fever in 4, hematuresis in 1, perirenal hematoma, postoperative distal ureteral stone in 1 cases and delayed recovery of intestinal function in 1 case, all had a spontaneous recovery without special managements; Grade Ⅲb in 1 case, massive ascites was discovered during the surgery, and rcovered by puncture drainage.In adult group, mean operative time was (31.2±15.3)min(range 7-80 min), SFR and SFR at 1 month were 97.2%(69/71) and 98.6%(70/71), mean hemoglobin drop was (11.9±8.7)g/L(range 0-32 g/L), mean hematocrit drop was 0.030±0.027(range 0-0.106), totally tubeless rate was 87.3%(62/71), mean hospital stay was(2.4±1.1)days(range 1-8 days), urinary infection rate was 87.3%(62/71), positive rate of urinary culture was 26.8%(19/71). Complications were observed in 4 cases, Grade Ⅰ in 3 cases: hematuresis in 2 and delayed recovery of intestinal function in 1 case, all had a spontaneous recovery without special managements; Grade Ⅲb in 1 case, postoperative distal ureteral stone in 1 cases and cured by ureteroscopic lithotripsy. According to data about Hb drop, risk of hemorrhage is lower in children than adult significantly(P<0.05). There is not significant difference in stone free rate, stone size, operative time, hematocrit drop, surgery complications, totally tubeless rate, stone complexity, average length of hospital stay and urinary infection(P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#With the characteristics of safe, efficacious and rapid recovery, super-mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy(SMP) can be used as the first choice of the treatment for upper urinary stone both in adults and children.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 927-931, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824611

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the safety and efficiency of totally ultrasonography-guided super-mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy(SMP) in the treatment of upper urinary stone in adults and children (< 14years).Methods From May 2015 to July 2018,81 cases of children(53%) and 71 (47%) cases of adults with upper tract stones underwent the SMP by total ultrasound guidance.In the group of children,it's including 53 male and 28 female with 85 channels in total,the patients age ranged from 10 months to 14 years,[mean (56.0 ± 39.7) months],The stone size ranged from 0.8-3.5 cm,[mean (1.7 ± 0.7) cm].About stone distribution,42 cases of pelvic stones,25 cases of calyceal and pelvic stones,5 cases of calyceal stones,7 cases of upper uretaral stones,1 case of upper ureteral and calyceal stones,1 case of malformation with double renal pelvis and ureter.Urinary infection rate was 86.4% (70/81),positive rate of urinary culture was 39.5% (32/81).In the group of adults,it's including 43 male and 28 female,the patients aged from 18 to 81 years,[mean (44.1 ± 15.4) years],The stone size ranged from 1.0-3.0 cm,[mean (1.7 ± 0.6) cm].About Stone distribution,19 cases of pelvic stones,13 cases of calyceal and pelvic stones,7 cases of calyceal stones,24 cases of upper uretaral stones,3 cases of upper ureteral and calyceal stones,1 case of malformation with double renal pelvis and ureter.Urinary infection rate was 87.3% (62/71),positive rate of urinary culture was 26.8% (19/71).The patient was placed in the lithotomy position under general anesthesia.A 5F ureteric catheter was retrogradely inserted into the collecting system and urethral catheter was placed in the bladder.The patient was then turned prone.The selected calix was punctured under ultrasound guidance by 18G puncture needle and a 0.032 inch guidewire was inserted into the collecting system.Nephrostomy tract was established using Dilators(it was done in one step for 12F and in two steps for 14F).After the corresponding size of suction-evacuation sheath was placed,the sheath was connected to the specimen collection bottle via the oblique branch of a metal connector.The miniature endoscope was inserted into the sheath to observe the collecting system and stone fragmentation was completed by using YAG laser or pneumatic lithotripter.Stone free rate after surgery at lday(SFR) and 1 month(1 month SFR),stone size,operative time(from starting fragmentation to the end of the surgery),hemoglobin drop and hematocrit drop in the first day after surgery,rate of surgecal complications,tubeless rate (totally tubless:no ureteric stent and nephrostomy tube;tubeless:no nephrostomy tube but ureteric stent),average length of hospital stay and urinary infection were recorded and compared.Results In children group,mean operative time was (27.7 ± 13.0)min(range 5-60 min),SFR and SFR at 1 month were 96.3% (78/81)and 98.8% (80/81),mean hemoglobin drop was (8.0 ± 9.1) g/L(range 0-41 g/L),mean hematocrit drop was 0.026 ±0.029(range 0-0.135),totally tubeless rate was 86.4% (71/81),mean hospital stay was (2.5 ±0.9)days(range 1-5 days).Complications were observed in 9 cases and classified using Calvien grading system,Grade Ⅰ in 8 cases:postoperative fever in 4,hematuresis in 1,perirenal hematoma,postoperative distal ureteral stone in 1 cases and delayed recovery of intestinal function in 1 case,all had a spontaneous recovery without special managements;Grade Ⅲ b in 1 case,massive ascites was discovered during the surgery,and rcovered by puncture drainage.In adult group,mean operative time was (31.2 ± 15.3) min(range 7-80 min),SFR and SFR at 1 month were 97.2% (69/71) and 98.6% (70/71),mean hemoglobin drop was (11.9 ± 8.7) g/L (range 0-32 g/L),mean hematocrit drop was 0.030 ± 0.027 (range 0-0.106),totally tubeless rate was 87.3% (62/71),mean hospital stay was (2.4 ± 1.1) days (range 1-8 days),urinary infection rate was 87.3% (62./71),positive rate of urinary culture was 26.8% (19/71).Complications were observed in 4 cases,Grade Ⅰ in 3 cases:hematuresis in 2 and delayed recovery of intestinal function in 1 case,all had a spontaneous recovery without special managements;Grade Ⅲ b in 1 case,postoperative distal ureteral stone in 1 cases and cured by ureteroscopic lithotripsy.According to data about Hb drop,risk of hemorrhage is lower in children than adult significantly (P < 0.05).There is not significant difference in stone free rate,stone size,operative time,hematocrit drop,surgery complications,totally tubeless rate,stone complexity,average length of hospital stay and urinary infection (P > 0.05).Conclusions With the characteristics of safe,efficacious and rapid recovery,super-mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (SMP) can be used as the first choice of the treatment for upper urinary stone both in adults and children.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1173-1176, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817589

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the detection rate of sleep problems such as sleep delay and deficiency in preschool children in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River in China,and to provide the reference for the standard of sleeping mode among preschool students.@*Methods@#From October to November 2017, a questionnaire survey was conducted among 27 200 preschool children in 11 cities in Hubei, Anhui and Jiangsu provinces in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River in China. Epidemiology of sleep delays, deficiencies and sleep patterns in preschool children was described.@*Results@#The detection rate of sleep problems in preschool children in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River was 15.3%. Taking the length of sleep and bedtime as the main analysis points, it was found that the average sleeping time point of each age group was 21:31, and the detection rate of bedtime delay was 86.5%. The average length of sleep was (10.60±1.12) hours. The detection rate of sleep deprivation in preschool children was 15.7%. Sleep delay was positively correlated with girls, age increase and parents’ higher educational level (P<0.05), and negatively correlated with living in the city, non-only child and bedroom without TV (P<0.01) .The detection rate of sleep deprivation was positively correlated with children of high age group (4yearold group:OR=1.32,95%CI=1.19-1.46;5-year-old group:OR=2.10,95%CI=1.91-2.32;6-year-old group:OR=2.47,95%CI=2.20-2.77)(P<0.01), and negatively correlated with no TV in bedroom (OR=0.91,95%CI=0.84-0.98) and no light in sleep (OR=0.87,95%CI=0.78-0.97)(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Preschool children sleep delay and sleep deprivation and other sleep problems are more prominent, affected by family environment and other factors.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710241

ABSTRACT

AIM To observe the therapeutic effects of Safflor Yellow Sodium Chloride Injection and Compound Anisodine Injection on patients with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR).METHODS Sixty-eight pa-tients (102 eyes) were randomly divided into control group (32 cases,48 eyes) and observation group (36 cases,54 eyes).The observation group was given Safflor Yellow Sodium Chloride Injection and Compound Anisodine Injection in addition to conventional therapy administered to the control group,and yet patients of both groups had their changes of vision,fundus hemorrhage,effusion,microaneurysm and central macular thickness checked and compared before and after the treatment.RESULTS The observation group displayed better post-treatment vision recovery,fundus improvement and central macular thickness control than the control group (P < 0.05,P < 0.01).CONCLUSION The combination therapy of Safflor Yellow Sodium Chloride Injection and Compound Anisodine Injection can be an appropriate option for NPDR patients to improve vision and slow progression.

8.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 689-692, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490890

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the pharmacokinetics consistence of baicalin between traditional slice decoction and dispensing granule decoction of Huanglianjiedu decoction. Methods:After the gastric administration of the two decoctions at low, middle and high dose in rats, an HPLC method was used to detect the content of baicalin in the plasma, and then DASS 2. 1. 1 software was used to cal-culate the pharmacokinetic parameters. Results:After the administration of the two decoctions at low, middle and high dose, the phar-macokinetic parameters were as follows:Cmax of 0. 25 and 0. 27μg·ml-1 ,0. 30 and 0. 31 μg·ml-1 ,0. 40 and 0. 45 μg·ml-1;AUC of 2. 48 and 2. 59μg·ml-1 ·h,3. 59 and 3. 71μg·ml-1 ·h,5. 71 and 6. 16μg·ml-1 ·h;Tmax of 3. 0 and 3. 0 h,3. 0 and 3. 0 h, 4.0 and 4.0 h;Vd of (2 822.4 ±118.2) and (2 998.9 ±255.6) L·kg-1,(3 102.6 ±176.3) and (3 405.3 ±213.8) L·kg-1, (4 231.2 ±155.4) and (4 486.0 ±187.0) L·kg-1;CL of (2 923.3 ±215.6) and (2 767.5 ±184.6)L·h-1·kg-1,(4 921.7 ± 225.4) and (4 040.8 ±246.7)L·h-1·kg-1,(5 255.9 ±189.7) and (4 868.7 ±260.4)L·h-1·kg-1;and t1/2 of (3.88 ± 0.41) and (3.71 ±0.37)h,(4.19 ±0.36) and (3.73 ±0.51)h, (5.54 ±0.38) and (5.80 ±0.54)h. Conclusion: The pharma-cokinetic parameters of baicalin have no significant difference between traditional slice decoction and dispensing granule decoction of Huanglianjiedu decoction.

9.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 126-133, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-119570

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated whether recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) could promote the development of preinvasive and invasive breast cancer in mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV-erbB2) mice with estrogen receptor-positive tumors. METHODS: MMTV-erbB2 mice were randomly divided into three experimental groups with 20 mice in each group. MMTV-erbB2 mice were treated with daily subcutaneous injections of vehicle or rhG-CSF (low-rhG-CSF group, rhG-CSF 0.125 microg; vehicle-rhG-CSF group, normal saline 0.25 microg; and high-rhG-CSF group, rhG-CSF 0.25 microg) at 3 months of age. Cellular and molecular mechanisms of G-CSF action in mammary glands were investigated via immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Low, but not high, rhG-CSF doses significantly accelerated mammary tumorigenesis in MMTV-erbB2 mice. Short-term treatment with rhG-CSF could significantly promote the development of preinvasive mammary lesions. The cancer prevention effect was associated with reduced expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, cluster of differentiation 34, and signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 in mammary glands by >80%. CONCLUSION: We found that G-CSF was regulated by rhG-CSF both in vitro and in vivo. Identification of G-CSF genes helped us further understand the mechanism by which G-CSF promotes cancer. Low doses of rhG-CSF could significantly increase tumor latency and increase tumor multiplicity and burden. Moreover, rhG-CSF effectively promotes development of both malignant and premalignant mammary lesions in MMTV-erbB2 mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinogenesis , Cell Proliferation , Estrogens , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Injections, Subcutaneous , Mammary Glands, Human , Mammary Tumor Virus, Mouse , Mice , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Reverse Transcription , Transducers
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481040

ABSTRACT

Objective To invent a set of novel veno-venous bypass (VVB) device based on magnetic anastomosis technique which can be used in ex situ liver resection, and verify its clinical value and performance in animal models.Methods Each VVB device was constructed using three magnetic rings and an inverted Y-shaped tube with magnetic rings on each end.The magnetic ring was made of NdFeB with electrode cutting, and the tube was made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and preconditioned with heparin coating on the surface of the lumen.Ten dogs underwent the ex situ liver resection, and VVB was established via magnetic anastomosis technique with the novel VVB device during the operation.The time for completing VVB was recorded, and the hemodynamic indexes including the venous flow velocity, carotid pressure, central venous pressure and portal pressure was detected.The changes of intestinal lumen and kidney were also observed.Results It only took 6 ~ 10 minutes to establish VVB by the novel VVB device in the operation,and the hemodynamics stability was maintained smoothly during the anheptic phase.The shunt index of inferior vena cava and portal vein was 76.2% and 75.5%, respectively.The congestion of intestinal canal and kidney were also alleviated during the anheptic phase.Conclusions It could reduce the time to establish VVB with magnetic anastomosis technique in ex situ liver resection.This study showed that utilizing the novel VVB device for intraabdominal VVB during the anheptic phase could be helpful to maintain the hemodynamics stability.

11.
Chinese Health Economics ; (12): 9-11, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451159

ABSTRACT

According to the theoretical basis of using 5 gripper models of health system reform and high-value policy designing process, to define the over-diagnosis and over-treatment in the process of basic health care utilization in public hospitals of China, basing on the diagnostic framework of the internal and external environment, to explore the causes herein and discriminate the root, direct and intermediate factors that lead to the problem systematically, and identify the formation mechanism of the problem.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444821

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect and the mechanisms of triptolide on antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in kidney transplantation.Method A rat model of AMR in kidney transplantation was constructed by sensitizing major histocompability complex (MHC) completely incompatible species of rats via blood transfusion before kidney transplantation.The protective effect of Triptolide on the renal function and pathologic injury was studied in this rat model.The levels of donor specific antibodies were measured by flow cytometry.C4d expression and macrophage infiltration were examined by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence.Result Triptolide could improve the function of transplanted kidney significantly (P<0.05) and alleviate the pathologic injury.Triptolide can also reduce the levels of IgM,IgG2b and IgG2c in the serum of the recipient rats and inhibit the macrophage infiltration as well (P<0.05).Conclusion Triptolide plays protective and therapeutic roles in AMR of kidney transplantation,which may be contributed to the inhibition of the production of donor specific antibody and the macrophage infiltration.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271643

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the surgical methods for advanced laryngeal cancer and long term effects of laryngectomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and thirty-eight cases of laryngeal cancer at different stages, including 103 cases with supraglottic cancer, 118 cases with glottic cancer, 3 cases with subglottic cancer, and 14 cases with recurrent cancer, underwent different kinds of operation from 2000 to 2010. The TNM classifications were as follows: T3 168 cases, T4 70 cases. Stage III 145 cases, Stage IV 93 cases. N0 134 cases,N1 64 cases,N2 38 cases, and N3 2 cases. The effects of operation, especially with the preservation of laryngeal function, was analyzed. The disease-free survival rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Partial laryngectomy was performed on 142 of the 238 cases (59.7%). Total laryngectomy was performed on 96 cases. In 142 patients who received partial laryngectomy with preservation of laryngeal function, the trachea cannula was extracted in 90 patients, with the decannulation rate as 63.4%. The nasal feeding tube was removed and peroral feeding was recovered in all patients. The patients undergoing partial laryngectomy succeeded in phonation. The 3 years and 5 years disease-free survival rates in all patients were 81.4% and 59.5%. The 3 years and 5 years disease-free survival rate of partial laryngectomy were 82.9% and 64.3%. The 3 years and 5 years disease-free survival rates in total laryngectomy were 79.2% and 52.4%. There was no significantly different between the two groups (χ(2) = 2.478, P = 0.115).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For the advanced laryngeal cancer, it is possible to preserve the laryngeal function without compromising the remote survival rate by detailed pre-operational estimation, properly selected operation and skilled surgical practice.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Laryngectomy , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343613

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effect of suppressive oligodeoxynucleotides (Sup ODN) on interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and signal transducers and activators of transcription (pSTAT4) expression of Silica-induced pulmonary inflammation in Mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty Balb/c mice were randomly divided into 4 groups, normal control group, silicious group, suppressive oligodeoxynucleotides (Sup ODN) group, control oligodeoxynucleotides (Con ODN) group. Except the normal control group injected normal saline, the rest groups were induced by the intratracheal instillation of 0.1 ml (5 g/L) of sterilized silica suspension. Sup ODN group and Con ODN group were treated by i.p. injection of 0.3 ml (1mg/mL) of suppressive or control ODN 3 h before silica administration. After 7 days, the animals were killed and levels of IFN-γ were detected by ELISA. The pathologic changes in lung tissues of mice were observed with HE staining. Expressions of IFN-γ and pSTAT4 in lung tissue were detected with immunohistochemistry and quantified by Image-Pro Plus 7.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HE staining showed that the lung tissue of silicious group were damaged seriously than Sup ODN group. Compared with the normal control group (serum: (280.1±41.3) pg/ml, lung tissue: (0.249±0.373), IFN-γ increased in silicious group (serum: (886.3±81.7) pg/ml, lung tissue: (0.270±0.300) (P < 0.05). Compared with the normal control group and Con ODN group [(894.5±91.6) pg/ml], IFN-γ in the serum of Sup ODN group decreased significantly (P < 0.01). Compared with the silicious group , IFN-γ in lung tissue decreased in Sup ODN group (0.241±0.250) (P < 0.05). Compared with the normal control group (0.279±0.353), pSTAT4 in lung tissue increased significantly in silicious group (0.313±0.231) (P < 0.01). Compared with the silicious group, pSTAT4 in lung tissue decreased significantly in Sup ODN group (0.269±0.523) (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sup ODN attained protective effect on Silica treated mice by suppressing expression of IFN-γ and pSTAT4.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Inflammation , Metabolism , Interferon-gamma , Metabolism , Lung , Metabolism , Pathology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Oligodeoxyribonucleotides , Pharmacology , Phosphorylation , STAT4 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Silicon Dioxide , Toxicity
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321242

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal injury caused by magnetic foreign body ingestions in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A literature search was performed to identify all the studies related to gastrointestinal tract injury caused by ingesting magnetic foreign body using databases including Google, Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, Ovid, Wanfang data, VIP, CNKI, degree dissertation, meeting abstracts, and request for document delivery. Language was limited to English, Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. Parameters studies were age at diagnosis, gender, country, regional distribution, number of magnetic foreign bodies, source of magnetic foreign bodies, clinical features, diagnosis, and method for foreign body removal.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 98 cases of magnet ingestion were identified from 17 countries and regions. There were 94 patients under the age of 18, with most children younger than 5 years old(62.2%,61/98). The age at peak incidence was 3 years old (16.3%, 16/98). Magnetic foreign bodies ingested included toys(74.5%), medical apparatus(8.2%), accessories(4.1%), and others(6.2%). The number of bodies ranged from 2 to 100. Eleven (11.2%) patients were complicated with allotriophagia or autism. Delay diagnosis and treatment existed in all the patients to varying extents, of whom one died from severe infection. Exploratory laparotomy showed a wide range of bowel damage from the esophagus to the colon, including perforation and intestinal fistula. Intestinal damage was the most common injury (51.0%), followed by intestine-colon fistula (15.3%). All the patients required bowel resection with anastomosis or fistula repair except for 2 children who were managed by endoscopic removal of the foreign bodies.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Ingesting more than one magnet will lead to severe gastrointestinal injury. Early diagnosis and surgical intervention are important. More precautious measures should be taken for children aged younger than 5 years old.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Foreign Bodies , Gastrointestinal Tract , Wounds and Injuries , Humans , Magnetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-265380

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the chemical constituents from the stems of Zanthoxylum dissitum.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Column chromatography on macroporous resin and silica gel, and spectral analysis were used to isolate and elucidate the constituents.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Seven compounds were isolated and identified as 5,8-dimethoxyethane-3,4-epoxy-furanocoumarin (1), isoimpinellin (2), beta-sitosterol (3), lupeol (4), neohesperidin (5), beta-daucosterol (6), ursolic acid (7).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>All above the compounds were isolated from the plant for the first time and the compound 1 is a new compound.</p>


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Zanthoxylum , Chemistry
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317241

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To review the experience of different surgical construction methods and comprehensive treatments for hypopharyngeal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three hundred and fifty-two cases (According to UICC 2002 criteria, stage I, 3; II, 31; III, 134; IV, 184) with hypopharyngeal cancer were retrospectively reviewed from 1999 to 2005 in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, including 321 males and 31 females. The median age was 58 years old, ranged from 26 to 82 years old. All the tumors originated from the pyriform sinus (272), posterior pharyngeal wall (61), postcricoid area (19). There were no distant metastasis. Two hundred and fourty-one cases were surgically treated with laryngeal functions preserved and 111 cases without laryngeal functions preserved. All the patients received modified neck dissection, including both unilateral (247 patients) and bilateral (105 patients). Pharyngoesophageal defect reconstruction methods in cases with laryngeal functions preserved were: direct suture in 137, pectoralis major musculocutaneous flap in 62, split graft in 2, pectoralis major musculocutaneous flap combined with the split graft in 5, stomach pulling-up in 12, colon interposition in 23 patients. While in cases without laryngeal functions preserved the methods includes: direct suture in 54, laryngotracheal flap in 54 patients, pectoralis major musculocutaneous flap in 7, laryngotracheal flap combined with pectoralis major musculocutaneous flap in 8, stomach pulling-up in 22, colon interposition in 3 patients. All patients received radiotherapy postoperatively (dose 55 - 75 Gy).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall 3 and 5 year survival rates were 65.1% (229/352) and 53.6% (142/265), respectively. For stage I, the 5 year survival rate was 3/3, stage II, 80.6%(25/31), stage III, 65.0% (67/103), stage IV, 36.7% (47/128). The 3 and 5 year survival rates in functionally preserved group were 68.0% (164/241) and 59.7% (114/191), respectively, while in non-functionally preserved group were 58.6% (65/111) and 37.8% (28/74), respectively. The cervical lymph node metastasis was found in 239 sides. Pathologic findings showed that well, moderately and lower differentiated squamous cell carcinomas were 84, 163, 105 cases, respectively. Laryngeal functions (voice, respiration and deglutition) were completely restored in 169 patients and partially restored (voice and deglutition) in 72 patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Combined surgery and radiotherapy are the best choice for hypopharyngeal cancer. The continuity of the pharyngoesophagus is restored and the laryngeal function is preserved as far as possible. The preservation of laryngeal function and the laryngeal and pharyngeal reconstruction are based on the premise that the tumor was excised completely.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Therapeutics , Combined Modality Therapy , Female , Humans , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Laryngectomy , Male , Middle Aged , Pharyngectomy , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317885

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Canine model established for tracheal defect reconstruction, to investigate the outcome of tracheal reconstruction with combination of polypropylene and flap.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>About 3.5 to 4 centimeter cervical trachea was resected and replaced with artificial trachea made from monofilament knitted polypropylene and surgical flap. Covered stent was implanted postoperatively. Survival period and quality of life were recorded, bronchofibroscopy, X-ray films and HE sections were performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Six dogs survived well and another two died. The causes of death were respiratory failure in 1 and infection in another. Stenosis of anastomosis in 1 was recorded during survival period. The dogs started drinking and eating on the second postoperative day, no dyspnea was found. The animals were sacrificed at 2, 4, 8 weeks and 6 months after surgery. Soft tissue growth was found in polypropylene net 2 weeks after surgery and more at 4 weeks. The polypropylene net was covered completely with soft tissue at 8 weeks and 6 months postoperatively, the hardness and sustentation degree were enhanced following the growth and fibrosis of soft tissue. The squamous epithelium and columnar epithelium were observed healing well by HE staining method.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>One-stage operative artificial trachea made from monofilament knitted polypropylene which has good histocompatibility and surgical flap is the closer artificial trachea to native trachea. It has a promising prospect in clinical use.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Polypropylenes , Prostheses and Implants , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Skin Transplantation , Surgical Flaps , Trachea , General Surgery
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324279

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To obtain the optimal conditions for separating the alkaloids from the extract of Radix of Zanthoxylum nitidum by selecting appropriate macroporous adsorption resins.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Eight types of macroporous adsorption were evaluated in separating efficiency with measuring the adsorption ratio and eluting ratio of Alkaloids as indexes.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The XDA-5 macroporous adsorption resin had the best separating efficiency. After enrichment and purification with it, the product purity and yield of alkaloids were up to 33.25% and 90.15%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This method is simple, feasible and fit for industry production.</p>


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Alkaloids , Chemistry , Porosity , Resins, Plant , Chemistry , Zanthoxylum , Chemistry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235295

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the optimal separation of the alkaloids from Lotus plumule by selecting appropriate macroporous adsorption resins.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>To evaluated the separating efficiency by measuring the adsorption ratio, eluting ratio and the concentration of neferine.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The LSA -5B macroporous adsorption resin prolided the optimal separating efficiency. The best adsorption capacity was achieved with the following conditions: the concentration of extact liquid was 0. 125 g x mL(-1) (equivalence to raw material), then the resin was washed by water to remove impurity and alkaloids were desorbed by 50% ethanol.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This method is simple, feasible and suitable for industry production.</p>


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Benzylisoquinolines , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Nelumbo , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Resins, Synthetic , Chemistry , Seeds , Chemistry , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods
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