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1.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 226-228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884167

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the treatment of Her-2 positive breast cancer patients who failed in multi-line treatments, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of a patient with refractory Her-2 positive breast cancer.The patient was initially diagnosed as Her-2 positive advanced breast cancer.After six line treatment in the outer hospital, the patient′s condition was basically in a progressive state.The breast tumor was broken and purulent, the lung metastasis increased, and the patient′s quality of life was poor.The patient was admitted to Department of Breast Surgery of Affiliated Suqian Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, after MDT discussion, we gave pyrrolotinib combined with capecitabine treatment, the chest wound healed gradually, the lung metastasis gradually reduced, and the quality of life was better.A retrospective analysis of this case showed that pyrrolidine combined with capecitabine may bring hope to Her-2 positive breast cancer patients who failed to receive multi-line therapies, especially those who failed to target therapy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882645

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between arrival time and the retention in emergency room and the prognosis in patients with severe trauma.Methods:The clinical data of 1 738 emergency trauma patients in emergency intensive care from trauma center information system of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were extracted. The emergency retention was the time in the emergency room ≥ 4 h. The 24 h of the day was divided into three shifts at 8:00, 15:00 and 22:00. Logistic regression model was used to calculate the crude OR and adjusted OR after adjustment by age, sex and RTS of emergency shifts, and COX regression analysis was performed with emergency death as the endpoint. Results:Among the total of 1 738 patients with severe trauma, there were 852 (49.02%) cases of emergency retention. Taking the morning shift as the reference baseline, the risks of emergency retention in middle shift and night shift were increased gradually. The OR value of night shift was statistically significant ( P<0.01), and the crude OR and adjusted OR were 2.21 (95% CI: 1.71-2.86) and 2.36 (95% CI: 1.76-3.18), respectively. The univariate COX regression model indicated that the crude HR of night shift was statistically significant ( HR=0.26, 95% CI: 0.08-0.90, P=0.033). However, the multivariate COX regression model showed no statistically significant differences in the adjusted HR of middle shift ( HR=0.96, 95% CI: 0.43-2.14, P=0.914) and night shift ( HR=0.40, 95% CI: 0.08-1.85, P=0.238), respectively. Conclusions:The arrival time of emergency trauma patients might be a contributor to the emergency retention, and night shift patients are more likely to encounter retention, but there is no significant effect on patient death.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881252

ABSTRACT

@#In the absence of symptoms, silent cerebral infarction can be discovered incidentally during an imaging or neuropathological examination. After cardiovascular surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, the morbidity is high, and it may contribute to neurocognitive dysfunction, symptomatic cerebral infarction and increased risk of death. The embolus caused by various operations intraoperatively are closely associated with this progress. However, controversies over the prevention still persist. As a result, an overall summary of silent cerebral infarction after cardiovascular surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass will be presented in this review.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 30-54, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881123

ABSTRACT

The sustained cell proliferation resulting from dysregulation of the cell cycle and activation of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) is a hallmark of cancer. The inhibition of CDKs is a highly promising and attractive strategy for the development of anticancer drugs. In particular, third-generation CDK inhibitors can selectively inhibit CDK4/6 and regulate the cell cycle by suppressing the G1 to S phase transition, exhibiting a perfect balance between anticancer efficacy and general toxicity. To date, three selective CDK4/6 inhibitors have received approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and 15 CDK4/6 inhibitors are in clinical trials for the treatment of cancers. In this perspective, we discuss the crucial roles of CDK4/6 in regulating the cell cycle and cancer cells, analyze the rationale for selectively inhibiting CDK4/6 for cancer treatment, review the latest advances in highly selective CDK4/6 inhibitors with different chemical scaffolds, explain the mechanisms associated with CDK4/6 inhibitor resistance and describe solutions to overcome this issue, and briefly introduce proteolysis targeting chimera (PROTAC), a new and revolutionary technique used to degrade CDK4/6.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879667

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#This study aimed at exploring the application of trauma time axis management in the treatment of severe trauma patients by using the Medicalsystem trauma system.@*METHODS@#We performed a retrospective cohort study involving patients with severe trauma. Patients who were admitted before the application of the Medicalsystem trauma system were divided into before system group; patients who were admitted after the application of the system were divided into after system group. Comparison was made between the two groups. For normally distributed data, means were reported along with standard deviation, and comparisons were made using the independent samples t test. Categorical data were compared using the Chi-square test. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare nonparametric variables.@*RESULTS@#There were 528 patients admitted to the study during the study period. There was no significant statistical difference in the time from the start of trauma team to arrive at the resuscitation room between the two groups. The time from arrival at hospital to endotracheal intubation, to ventilator therapy, to blood transfusion, to completion of CT scan, to completion of closed thoracic drainage, to the start of operation, as well as the length of stay in resuscitation room and hospital were significantly lower after the application of the Medicalsystem trauma system. The mortality was decreased by 8.6% in the after system group compared with that in the before system group, but there was no statistical difference.@*CONCLUSION@#The Medicalsystem trauma system can optimize diagnosis and treatment process for trauma patients, and accordingly improve the treatment efficiency and shorten the treatment time. Therefore, the Medicalsystem trauma system deserves further popularization and promotion.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1521-1524, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829315

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore prevalence of childhood neglect and autonomic nervous function, and its association in sixth graders students in Harbin, and to provide clues to improve physical and mental health of children and adolescents.@*Methods@#Cluster sampling method was used to select 1 259 students from grade 6 in 5 schools in two districts of Harbin, and Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF) and TOHO University Medical Index (TMI) were filled in.@*Results@#The total rate of childhood neglect was 45.7%, of which the rate of emotional neglect and physical neglect were 18.8%, 40.8%. The rate of autonomic nerves disorder was 47.2%. The rate of autonomic nerves disorder in students suffered from neglect, emotional neglect, physical neglect are higher than those without any of neglect(χ2=50.52, 32.02, 43.61, P<0.01), and with the increase of the degree of neglect, the rate of autonomic nervous disorder were gradually increasing(χ2=47.99, 47.07, 49.24, P<0.01). After controlled for gender, neglect, emotional neglect, physical neglect were positively associated with autonomic nerves disorder(OR=1.53-2.34, P<0.05), and the odd ratio for autonomic nerves disorder among those with mild-to-moderate,moderate-to-severe and extremely servere neglect was 1.37, 1.83, 5.10 compared to those with none or mild neglect.@*Conclusion@#Childhood neglect is closely related to adolescent the autonomic nerves disorder in sixth graders students in Harbin. Moreover, the more serious the childhood neglect is, the higher the detection rate of autonomic nerves disorder is. In order to improve the physical and mental health of children and adolescents, it is necessary to pay attention to childhood neglect and early assessment of their autonomic function.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1303-1306, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the genotype of pregnant women with α- and β- thalassemia in Fuzhou area of Fujian province in China.@*METHODS@#Blood routine examination and hemoglobin electrophoresis were performed for pregnant women, and positive samples were examined by gap polymerase chain reaction and reverse dot blot hybridization.@*RESULTS@#412 cases were diagnosed as α-thalassemia (63.9%); 201 cases were diagnosed as β-thalassemia (31.2%); 32 cases were diagnosed as α and β-composite thalassemia. There were 12 genotypes in α-thalassemia, whose major genotypes were --/αα, α/αα, -α/αα and αα/αα, with carrying rate of 64.32%, 20.14%, 7.77% and 1.94%, respectively. There were 10 genotypes in β- thalassemia, whose major genotypes were CD41-42/N, CD17/N, IVS-II-654/N and -28/N, with carrying rate of 30.84%, 27.86%, 15.92% and 10.45%, respectively. There were 9 genotypes in α and β-composite thalassemia, whose major genotypes were --/αα composited CD41-42/N, -α/αα composited CD41-42/N, --/αα composited CD17/N, with carrying rate of 18.75%, 15.62%, 15.62% respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The major genotypes of pregnant women with α- and β- thalassemia in Fuzhou area of Fujian province in China are --/αα, α/αα, CD41-42/N and CD17/N. Thalassemia screening and prenatal gene diagnosis should be strengthened in Fuzhou area of Fujian province in China.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Genotype , Humans , Mutation , Pregnancy , alpha-Thalassemia , beta-Thalassemia
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872817

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study was designed to compare inflammatory response, water carriage and gut brain axis in rats with ulcerative colitis (UC) after treatment of three regiments, Huangqintang (HQT), Sishenwan (SSW), and Tongxie Yaofang(TXYF). Method:After approved by Institute of Chinese Materia Medica Ethics Committees in China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, UC in rats was induced by using a compound method (trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid plus ethanol). Rats were randomly divided into control, disease, positive control salazosulfapyridine (SASP, 0.5 g·kg-1), HQT (20 g·kg-1), SSW(26 g·kg-1), and TXYF group(22 g·kg-1). After 5 days of treatment, colonic tissues and the blood were taken for various assays. Damage of colonic tissues was detected by hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE). The distribution of Vasoactine intrestinal (VIP), 5-hydroxytrytamine (5-HT), P-substance (SP) in the blood and serum were detected by enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunohistochemistry (IHC), the levels of aquaporin3 (AQP3) and Aquaporin4 (AQP4) in the serum were detected by Western blot, the mRNA expression of Extracellular regulated protein kinases 1 (Erk1) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) in the serum were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result:The brain-gut peptide results showed that compared with the normal group, the content of 5-HT and VIP in model group were significantly decreased (P<0.01), the content of SP were decreased, but there was no significant statistical difference, compared with the disease group, the content of 5-HT in SASP and TXYF group were clearly increased (P<0.05), the increment of VIP and SP in SASP, HQT, TXYF group were significant (P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, the content of AQP3 in model group were significantly increased(P<0.01), the content of AQP4 were clearly decreased(P<0.01), compared with the disease group, the content of AQP4 in SASP and HQT group were clearly increased (P<0.05), whereas the levels of AQP3 in HQT group were most significant reduced (P<0.01). Compared with the disease group, the expression of Erk1 and p38 were clearly reduced (P<0.01), with the most significant reduce being the expression in HQT group. Conclusion:Three regiments all have therapeutic effects on UC, manifested by improvements of the signs and mental status of UC rats. However, in terms of gut-brain axis disturbance improvement, the therapeutic effect of TXYF was superior than HQT and SSW, whereas in terms of inflammatory response suppression and water carriage accomodation, the therapeutic effect of HQT was superior than SSW and TXYF.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of systolic dysfunction early complicated in patients with isolated traumatic brain injury (iTBI) and to evaluate the influence of complicated systolic dysfunction on the prognosis of iTBI patients.Methods:From January 2017 to October 2018, 123 patients with moderate or severe iTBI admitted to Trauma Centre in our hospital were included in the study, and patients with previous cardiovascular diseases were excluded. Left ventricular systolic function was assessed by transthoracic echocardiography within 24 h after admission. The patients were divided into normal systolic function group ( n=100) and systolic dysfunction group ( n=23) according to the results of echocardiography. Data were collected from all patients on admission, including GCS score, systolic blood pressure, heart rate, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), clinical treatment variables (use of sedative drugs, vasoactive drugs, etc.), craniotomy or not and clinical outcomes (survival or death) during hospitalization. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the related factors for iTBI patients complicated with systolic dysfunction, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of each index for iTBI patients complicated with cardiac insufficiency. Results:The systolic blood pressure (147.3±23.3) mmHg, the heart rate (96.1±26.3) beats/min and the hs-cTnT level (16.48±8.17) pg/mL in the systolic dysfunction group were higher than those in the normal systolic function group on admission (all P<0.05); and the GCS score in the systolic dysfunction group was lower than that in the normal systolic function group ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the heart rate ( OR=1.129, 95% CI: 1.001-1.516; P=0.038), the GCS score ( OR=0.640, 95% CI: 0.445-0.920; P=0.016) and the hs-cTnT level ( OR=1.054, 95% CI: 1.009-1.101; P=0.002) on admission were independent risk factors for iTBI patients complicated with systolic dysfunction. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the hs-cTnT levelon admission was the largest (AUC=0.863, P<0.01). The in-hospital mortality of patients in the systolic dysfunction group was higher than that of patients in the normal systolic function group (52.5% vs 22%, P=0.004). Conclusions:The heart rate, the GCS score and the serum hs-cTnT level on admission were independent risk factors for iTBI patients complicated with systolic dysfunction. The hs-cTnT level could better predict the occurrence of cardiac systolic dysfuncion, and higher in-hospital mortality was found in iTBI patients complicated with systolic dysfunction. Therefore, early detection and timely intervention may improve the prognosis of these patients.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2736-2745, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837525

ABSTRACT

italic>Bulbophyllum orchids are popular for its ornamental appearance and great medicinal values. However, there is still a lack of research on phylogenetic relationship and species identification for this genus. In this study, the plastome sequences of three medicinal Bulbophyllum orchids (Bulbophyllum affine, Bulbophyllum pectinatum, Bulbophyllum funingense) were sequenced and analyzed. After assembly and annotation, it was found that the plastomes of Bulbophyllum plants encoded a total of 108 genes, including 74 protein-coding genes, 30 tRNA genes and 4 rRNA genes. Based on the analysis of mVISTA and comparison between junctions, it was found that the plastome structure of Bulbophyllum orchids was relatively conserved, and the variation mainly existed in the non-coding regions. Phylogenetic analysis showed that Bulbophyllum orchids were closely related to Dendrobium orchids. SSR analysis of Bulbophyllum showed that most SSRs were located in the intergenic spacer and had the most single nucleotide repeats. In addition, based on the comparative analysis of non-coding sequences, a total of 10 high-variability sequences were screened out, among which the combination of five non-coding region sequences, including psbI-trnS, psbC-trnS, clpP-ex1-psbB, psaJ-rpl33, rpl33-rps18, had the highest sequence variability and could be used in the species identification study of medicinal plants of Bulbophyllum. In conclusion, this study provides a theoretical basis for phylogenetic relationship and species identification of Bulbophyllum orchids through the comparative analysis of plastome sequences of three medicinal plants of the genus Bulbophyllum.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877114

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#During the yellow fever epidemic in Angola in 2016, cases of yellow fever were reported in China for the first time. The 11 cases, all Chinese nationals returning from Angola, were identified in March and April 2016, one to two weeks after the peak of the Angolan epidemic. One patient died; the other 10 cases recovered after treatment. This paper reviews the epidemiological characteristics of the 11 yellow fever cases imported into China. It examines case detection and disease control and surveillance, and presents recommendations for further action to prevent additional importation of yellow fever into China.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 247-255, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789014

ABSTRACT

To study the mechanism of Huangqin decoction (HQT) in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) by using network pharmacology, chemical components and targets related to the four herbs of Chinese meteria medical in HQT were searched through the traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform (TCMSP) to construct the interaction network diagram of the target point of the compounds. The UC-related targets were screened through OMIM, TTD, and GeneCard databases. The compound-target network was constructed using Cytoseape_v3.7.1 software; based on the STRING database, a target interaction network for HQT for UC was constructed, and the core target of HQT for UC was selected based on topological parameters. GO (gene ontology) biological process enrichment analysis and KEGG (KEGG pathway analysis) pathway annotation analysis were performed on the disease and drug intersection targets using the R package clusterprofile version 3.12.0 in Bioconductor. The HQT compound-UC target network contains 128 compounds and corresponding targets 141. The core targets are AKTI, IL6, PTGS2, IL10, IL1β and so on. GO functional enrichment analysis yielded 151 GO terms, and KEGG pathway enrichment screening resulted in 33 associations with UC, mainly involving PI3K-AKT signaling pathway, NF-kappa B signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway and so on. The synergetic effect of HQT with multi-components and multi-pathway was confirmed by network pharmacology, and the main possible mechanism of HQT in treating UC was predicted, which lay a foundation for the identification of effective components, the mechanism of action, and clinical application.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744426

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of different surgical methods in the treatment of cholecystolithiasis combined with choledocholithiasis,and its effect on immune function. Methods From December 2009 to February 2017,93 patients with cholecystolithiasis combined with choledocholithiasis in Rongjun Hospital and the First Hospital of Jiaxing,were divided into the observation group and the control group according to random number table method. The observation group(47 cases) was given laparoscope combined surgery,and the control group(46 cases) was given conventional laparotomy surgery. The immune function,pain condition,complete stone clearance rate and analgesics use rate of the two groups were compared. Results After treatment,the CD +4 / CD +8 , CD +4 ,CD +8 ,CD +3 in the observation group were (1. 39 ± 0. 36),(40. 12 ± 8. 70)% ,(22. 62 ± 2. 22)% ,(56. 77 ± 3. 47)% ,respectively,which were significantly lower than those in the control group[(1. 70 ± 0. 40),(46. 00 ± 9. 00)% ,(25. 00 ± 2. 11)% ,(60. 00 ± 4. 40)% ],and the differences were statistically significant (t = 3. 93,3. 20, 5. 30,3. 93,all P < 0. 05). The use rate of analgesics in the observation group (4. 26% ) was significantly lower than that in the control group (21. 74% ) (χ2 = 6. 32,P < 0. 05). The complete stone clearance rate of the observation group(95. 74% ) was significantly higher than that of the control group (80. 43% ) (χ2 = 5. 22,P < 0. 05). After treatment for 3d,7d,14d,the VAS scores of the observation group were (3. 60 ± 1. 20)points,(2. 57 ± 1. 60)points, (0. 60 ± 0. 06) points, respectively, which were significantly lower than those of the control group [(5. 20 ± 2. 22)points,(4. 12 ±2. 30)points,(2. 77 ±1. 30)points],and the differences were statistically significant (t = 4. 31, 3. 77,11. 31,all P < 0. 05). Conclusion For the patients with cholecystolithiasis combined with choledocholithiasis, laparoscope combined surgery has better clinical efficacy,it can significantly improve the patients' immune function and reduce pain.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744227

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of 27nt-microRNA (27nt-miRNA) on the expression of smooth muscle 22α protein (SM22α) and the cell viability, migration and phenotypic changes of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs).METHODS:The highly expression plasmids of 27nt-miRNA, and anti-27nt-miRNA and negative control plasmids were constructed, packaged with lentivirus and transfected into the rat primary VSMCs.Platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) was added to induce VSMCs phenotype conversion.The cell viability was measured by MTT assay.The migration ability was detected by scratch assay.The mRNA and protein expression of SM22αwas determined by RT-PCR, immunocytochemical staining and Western blot.RESULTS:Compared with normal group, the cell viability in PDGF-BB group was increased (P<0.05) , the migration ability was increased (P<0.05) and the expression of SM22αat mRNA and protein level was decreased (P<0.05).Compared with negative control lentiviral group, the cell viability in 27ntmiRNA over-expression group was decreased (P<0.05) , the migration ability was decreased (P<0.05) , and the mRNA and protein expression of SM22αwas increased (P<0.05).While in anti-27nt-miRNA group, the cell viability was increased (P<0.05) , the migration ability was increased (P<0.05) , and the mRNA and protein expression of SM22αwas decreased (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:27nt-miRNA significantly increases the expression of SM22α, while inhibits the viability and migration ability of VSMCs, and inhibits its phenotypic shift from contractile to synthetic.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743223

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of strong ion gap (SIG) for predicting acute heart failure (AHF) after acute myocardial infarction. Methods A total of 189 patients with acute myocardial infarction were enrolled from July 2015 to December 2016 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. Based on AHF occurrence, the patients were divided into the AHF group (n=76) and the non-AHF group (n=113). General clinical data and laboratory tests were compared between the two groups. The univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to estimate the contribution of clinical risk factors to triggering AHF after acute myocardial infarction. Spearman correlation analysis was performed to estimate the correlation between SIG and Killip classification. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted to evaluate the predictive value of ALB, anion gap (AG) and SIG in AHF after acute myocardial infarction. Results Age, proportion of history of diabetes, the serum level of C-reactive protein (CRP), AG and SIG of the AHF group were higher than those of the non-AHF group (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the serum level of albumin (ALB) of the AHF group were lower than those of the non-AHF group (P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed AHF after acute myocardial infarction was closely associated with age, history of diabetes, serum ALB, AG and SIG (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that history of diabetes (OR=2.034, 95%CI:1.075-4.113, P<0.05) and SIG (OR=2.445, 95%CI: 1.538-4.297, P<0.05) were significantly correlated with AHF after acute myocardial infarction. The ROC analysis revealed SIG (AUC=0.837,95%CI:0.781-0.893) had a large area under curve compared to ALB (AUC=0.671,95%CI: 0.593-0.750) and AG (AUC=0.728,95%CI: 0.654-0.802). The optimal diagnostic intercept value was 5.24 mmol/L, and the sensitivity and specificity were 76.32% and 78.36%, respectively. Conclusions SIG could be used as an independent predictor for AHF secondary to acute myocardial infarction, and was significantly correlated with severity of AHF.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754807

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the combination of transvaginal conventional ultrasonography and shear wave elastography ( SWE) on the diagnosis of endometrial cancer ,and establish a predictive Logistic regression model . Methods Clinical information collection ,transvaginal conventional ultrasonography ,and SWE check were performed in 112 patients w ho were post‐menopausal vaginal bleeding with ≥5 mm thick endometrium . T he Emax and Emean of Young′s modulus for the endometrium were obtained . Pathology was used as the gold standard ,ROC curve was plotted ,which could be used to evaluate the Young′s modulus on the diagnostic effectiveness on endometrial cancer . Single factor analysis and bring logistic regression methods were applied to assess the values of the clinical variables ,transuaginal conventional ultrasonography variables ,and Young′s modulus in the identification of endometrial cancer . Results In 112 cases of endometrial lesions diagnosed by pathology ,there were 84 cases of benign lesions ( benign group) and 28 cases of cancer( malignant group) . Both Emax and Emean in malignant group were larger than benign group [ (53 .00 ± 16 .07) kPa vs ( 31 .99 ± 13 .89) kPa ,( 27 .25 ± 9 .28) kPa vs ( 19 .94 ± 10 .37) kPa ,all P <0 .001] . In the logistical regression analysis ,body mass index ,endometrial thickness ,blood flow grading and Young′s modulus were identified as independent risk factors for endometrial cancer . T he accuracy ,sensitivity and specificity of the logistic regression model in the prediction of endometrial cancer were 89 .29% ,82 .14% , and 91 .67% , respectively . T he area under the ROC curve was 0 .928 . Conclusions T ransvaginal conventional ultrasonography combined SWE technique has an important value in the diagnosis of endometrial cancer .

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1241-1250, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780217

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to compare intestinal bacteria and inflammatory cytokine expression in rats with ulcerative colitis (UC) after treatment of three regiments, Huang-qin-tang (HQT), Si-shen-wan (SSW), and Tong-xie-yao-fang (TXYF). After approved by Institute of Chinese Materia Medica Ethics Committees in China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, UC in rats was induced by using a compound method (trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid plus ethanol). Rats were randomly divided into control, disease, positive control salazosulfapyridine (SASP, 0.5 g·kg-1), HQT (20 g·kg-1), SSW (26 g·kg-1), and TXYF groups (22 g·kg-1). After 7 days of treatment, colonic tissues and the blood were taken for various assays. Damage of colonic tissues was detected by H&E staining. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-ɑ (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the serum were detected by the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Total DNA was extracted from stool samples for analyses of 16SMiseqPE300V3-4 segment using high-throughput sequencing. The inflammatory cytokine results showed that compared with the disease group, the content of IL-6, PGE2, TNF-α in SASP group were decreased (P<0.05), with the most significant decrease being the level of IL-8 (P<0.01), whereas the levels of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α in HQT group were reduced (P<0.05) and PGE2 content was clearly reduced (P<0.01). The contents of four cytokines in SSW group were decreased, but there was no statistical difference. While the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in TXYF group were reduced, and the reductions of IL-8 and PGE2 were significant (P<0.05). The results after sequencing showed that microbiome species richness SSW group > HQT group > TXYF group; the similarity between samples TXYF group > SSW group > HQT group; the species of HQT and TXYF group have greater difference when compared to the disease group. The content of beneficial bacteria in the intestine of HQT group > SSW group > TXYF group. Three regiments all have therapeutic effects on UC, manifested by improvements of the signs and mental status of UC rats. However, in terms of inhibition of inflammatory factors IL-6, IL-8, PGE2 and TNF-α, and regulation of intestinal microbiome, the therapeutic effect of HQT was superior than SSW and TXYF.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 653-659, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780149

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of Huangqin Tang (HQT) on oxidative stress associated with ulcerative colitis in rats, and to explore its antioxidant mechanism. After approved by Institute of Chinese Materia Medica Ethics Committees in China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, the rats were given 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic (TNBS)/ethanol mixture to induce the ulcerative colitis (UC), and were randomly divided into normal group, model group, the salazosulfapyridine (SASP) group, and high, middle or low dose (20, 10, 5 g·kg-1) of HQT groups. After 5 days of treatment, the activity of catalase (CAT) from micrococcus lysodeikticus, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px), myeloperoxidase (MPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD) were detected by biochemical assays. The levels of lipid peroxide (LPO) were detected by ELISA. The positive protein expression of nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) were detected by immunohistochemistry method and the downstream antioxidant enzymes of Nrf2 were determined by Western blot analyses. The levels of SOD, CAT and GSH-px activities in the normal group were significantly higher than the model group, while the serum MPO activity in the model group was obviously increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the model group, there was a significant difference in the activity of CAT in the high and middle dose groups of HQT (P<0.05 or P<0.01), the activity of GSH-px in the high, middle and low dose groups of HQT were apparently higher than the model group (P<0.05); The serum levels of LPO in the model group were significantly higher than those in the normal group (P<0.05), while the up-regulating effects on LPO were reversed by the high and middle dose groups of HQT (P<0.05). The expression of Nrf2 in the high-dose group of HQT and SASP group was statistically significant (P<0.05). The results of Western blot showed that compared with the model group, each of the HQT and SASP group could increase the heme oxygenase (HO-1) and NAD[P]H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO-1) expression in a dose-dependence manner. HQT has significant anti-oxidative stress and obviously improves the signs, mental status and defecation of UC rats. The mechanism of action for HQT maybe related to activate the Nrf2 pathway and increase the expression of Ⅱ phase metabolic enzymes such as HO-1 and NQO-1, reduce the content of LPO and MPO in serum and enhance the activity of SOD, CAT and GSH-px.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 670-677, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780146

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of Sishen Wan (SSW) on intestinal flora in diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) rats and explore the efficacy of this regiment for improving IBS-D, we divided 45 SPF male SD rats randomly into control, disease, SSW, Ershen Wan (ESW) and Wuweizasan (WWZS) groups. The spleen-kidney-yang deficiency type IBS-D rat model was prepared by a composite factor and administered for 14 days. After collecting the feces of the rats, total DNA was extracted from the stool samples. Primers were designed based on the 16S r RNA V3 to V4 regions of the bacteria, and used for high-throughput sequencing with the Illumina Miseq platform. We found that SSW can effectively reduce the diarrhea index (P<0.05) and reduce the high sensitivity of intestinal tract (P<0.05) of IBS-D rats. The principal component analysis (PCA), principal co-ordinates analysis (PCoA) and non-metric multidimensional scale analysis (NMDS) based on the Beta diversity distance showed that there were significant differences in the composition of the gut microbiota among the five groups (P<0.05). The disease group has the lowest in abundance, uniformity and diversity of gut microbiota. Compared with the control group, the disease group showed a significant increase in Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Veillonococcus and Mycoplasma (P<0.05), but a significant reduction in Pleaverella (P<0.05). Compared with the disease group, SSW administration caused significant reduction in the Proteobacteria and Mycoplasma (P<0.05), but significant increases of Clostridium, Turicibacter and Romboutsia (P<0.05). Our study shows that SSW has the potential as a therapeutic regiment for treatment of IBS-D due to partial regulation of the intestinal flora. In addition, there is a synergy between ESW and WWZS.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 590-603, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774956

ABSTRACT

Gene therapy represents a promising treatment for the Alzheimer׳s disease (AD). However, gene delivery specific to brain lesions through systemic administration remains big challenge. In our previous work, we have developed an siRNA nanocomplex able to be specifically delivered to the amyloid plaques through surface modification with both CGN peptide for the blood-brain barrier (BBB) penetration and QSH peptide for -amyloid binding. But, whether the as-designed nanocomplex could indeed improve the gene accumulation in the impaired neuron cells and ameliorate AD-associated symptoms remains further study. Herein, we prepared the nanocomplexes with an siRNA against -site amyloid precursor protein-cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1), the rate-limiting enzyme of A production, as the therapeutic siRNA of AD. The nanocomplexes exhibited high distribution in the A deposits-enriched hippocampus, especially in the neurons near the amyloid plaques after intravenous administration. In APP/PS1 transgenic mice, the nanocomplexes down-regulated BACE1 in both mRNA and protein levels, as well as A and amyloid plaques to the level of wild-type mice. Moreover, the nanocomplexes significantly increased the level of synaptophysin and rescued memory loss of the AD transgenic mice without hematological or histological toxicity. Taken together, this work presented direct evidences that the design of precise gene delivery to the AD lesions markedly improves the therapeutic outcome.

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