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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880106

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the changes of serum metabolites in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) by metabonomics, and explore the potential biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis, and progression of MM.@*METHODS@#Serum samples were collected from 26 patients with MM and 50 healthy controls. The data detected by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) was input into SIMCA-14.0 software for multivariate statistical analysis. Principal component analysis (PCA), partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to analyze the changes of metabolites.@*RESULTS@#The metabolic change of uric acid and trans-vaccenic acid in serum samples of MM patients was 9.39 times and 2.77 times of these in healthy people, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of healthy people, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Uric acid and trans-vaccenic acid are expected to be important metabolic indicators for the diagnosis, prognosis, and efficacy evaluation of MM, thus providing some clues for the pathogenesis of MM.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Chromatography, Liquid , Discriminant Analysis , Humans , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics , Multiple Myeloma
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286319

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the efficacy and safety of modified Shengma Biejia Decoction (MSBD) combined with CAG program in treating elderly acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with yin deficiency toxin stasis syndrome (YDTSS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 46 elderly AML patients were assigned to the treatment group (24 cases; treated with MSBD + CAG) and the control group (22 cases; treated with CAG + placebos of Chinese medicine) according to random digit table. The therapeutic course of CM placebo or MSBD was 21 days. The clinical efficacy and adverse reactions were observed. Meanwhile, physical state (ECOG Score), transfusion dependency, and TCM syndrome score were compared before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The complete remission rate was 54% (13/24) and the objective response rate (ORR) was 71% (17/24) in the treatment group, obviously higher than those of the control group [36% (8/22); 54% (13/24)], with statistical difference (P = 0.036, 0.042). When comparing the efficacy based on risk level, the moderate and poor ORR was 71% (10/14) and 67% (6/9) in the treatment group, and 57% (8/14) and 33% (2/6) in the control group, with statistical difference between the two groups (P = 0.048; P = 0.010). (2) Compared with before treatment in the same group, the ECOG score significantly decreased, the average infusion time of red cells and platelets were markedly prolonged in the treatment group after treatment (P < 0.05). ECOG score, the average infusion time of red cells and platelets were significantly better in the treatment group than in the control group after treatment (P < 0.05). (3) Compared with before treatment in the same group, scores of fever, hemorrhage, and bone pain were markedly reduced in the control group (P < 0.05); scores of fever, fatigue, hemorrhage, dry mouth, and bone pain were markedly reduced in the treatment group (P < 0.05). Better effect in relief of fever, fatigue, hemorrhage, dry mouth, and so on was obtained in the treatment group than in the control group (P < 0.05). (4) In aspect of hematotoxicity, the incidence of neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia was obviously lower in the treatment group than in the control group [29.2% (7/24) vs 54.5% (12/22); 16.7% (4/ 24) vs 45.5% (10/22); 33.3% (8/24) vs 63.6% (14/22); P < 0.05]. The incidence of fatigue and anorexia was obviously lower in the treatment group than in the control group [37.5% (9/24) vs 63.6% (14/22), 37.5% (9/24) vs 81.8% (18/22); P < 0.05].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MSBD combined with CAG program in treating elderly AML patients with YDTSS, with efficacy enhancing toxicity reducing effect, had distinct advantages in improving physical condition and clinical symptoms, and reducing transfusion dependency.</p>


Subject(s)
Aclarubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Cytarabine , Therapeutic Uses , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Drug Therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phytotherapy , Yin Deficiency , Drug Therapy
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 43-46, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345948

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects and the molecular mechanism of puerariae radix flavones (PRF) on acute myeloid leukemia cell line Kasumi-1 cells in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Kasumi-1 cells treated by PRF for 48 hours were observed with Wright's and Hoechst 33258 dying. The apoptotic cells were analyzed by flow cytometry with AnnexinV/PI staining. The expression levels of bcl-2, Bim and Caspase-3/-8/-9 protein were assayed by Western blot and the AML1-ETO fusion gene was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PRF could induce Kasumi-1 cells to apoptosis effectively. The proportion of apoptotic cells in 50, 200 and 500 µg/ml PRF treatment groups were (14.1 ± 0.8)%, (17.7 ± 1.3)% and (32.4 ± 1.4)%, respectively, and significantly higher than that of control \[(7.8 ± 0.7)%\]. The relative expression levels of the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein were 0.85 ± 0.05, 0.62 ± 0.07 and 0.43 ± 0.05; the apoptotic Bim protein were 0.21 ± 0.06, 0.39 ± 0.04 and 0.75 ± 0.05; the caspase-3 and caspase-9 were 0.92 ± 0.04, 1.21 ± 0.07, 1.33 ± 0.04 and 0.35 ± 0.05, 0.53 ± 0.03, 0.69 ± 0.07, respectively. Compared to the blank control group, all these changes were significant (P < 0.01). Nevertheless, nearly no changes could be observed on the expression level of AML1-ETO fusion gene and caspase-8 protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Apoptosis of Kasumi-1 cells induced by PRF might correlate to the down-regulation of Bcl-2 protein expression and the activation of caspase-3 and caspase-8 protein in the cells. It seemed that all these effects had no relationship with the AML1-ETO fusion gene.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Caspase 8 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit , Genetics , Metabolism , Flavones , Pharmacology , Humans , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Genetics , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Pueraria , RUNX1 Translocation Partner 1 Protein
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1036-1041, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237600

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to explore the differences between refractory anemia with ringed sideroblast (RARS) and RARS associated with marked thrombocytosis (RARS-T) in the clinical, biological features and prognosis. The morphological changes of cells were observed by bone marrow smear and biopsy. Immunologic phenotype was analyzed by flow cytometry, and chromosome was examined by conventional chromosomal analysis. JAK2 V617F and MPL W515L mutations were screened by allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) and sequence analysis. The results showed that this case was clinically diagnosed as RARS with thrombophilia, the level of serum potassium was positively related with platelet counts. When platelets increased, the clusters of atypical giant platelets and megakaryocytes were observed in peripheral blood and bone marrow examined by bone marrow smear and bone marrow biopsy respectively, JAK2 V617F and MPL W515L mutations were negative. It is concluded that RARS may transform into RARS-T accompanied with megakaryocyte proliferation, large atypical platelets and negative JAK2 V617F. Preventing thrombophilia and monitoring relative gene mutations are necessary when atypical giant platelets and fluctuant platelet counts occurred in process of RARS with tendency to RARS-T.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anemia, Refractory , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Anemia, Sideroblastic , Diagnosis , Pathology , Blood Platelets , Pathology , Female , Humans , Platelet Count , Thrombocytosis , Pathology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243368

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of flavonoids of puerarin (PR) in different concentrations on proliferation of 4 kinds of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines (Kasumi-1, HL-60, NB4 and U937), and to explore its possible mechanism. The MTT method was used to detected the inhibitory effect of PR on proliferation of AML cell lines. The flow cytometry was adopted to determine the change of cell cycle in vitro. The results showed that a certain concentration of PR could inhibit the proliferation of these 4 cell lines effectively in time-and dose-dependent manners, and the intensity of inhibition on 4 kinds of AML cell lines was from high to low as follows: NB4>Kasumi-1>U937>HL-60. Meanwhile, PR could also change cycle process, cell proportion in G1/G0 phase decreased, cells in S phase increased and Sub-diploid peak also appeared. It is concluded that PR can selectively inhibit the proliferation of 4 AML cell lines and block cell cycle process, especially for NB4 cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Isoflavones , Pharmacology , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Classification , Pathology , U937 Cells
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243362

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effects of flavonoids of puerarin (PR) on apoptosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cell line NB4 cells and its mechanism. The NB4 were treated with PR in vitro, the MTT assay was used to detect the inhibitory effect of PR on cell proliferation. The apoptosis of NB4 cells were detected by flow cytometry labelled with Annexin V/PI. The expressions of pml/rar alpha, bcl-2 and survivin were detected by real time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (real time RT-PCR), the expressions of JNK, p38 MAPK, FasL, caspase 3, caspase 8 were detected by Western blot. The results showed that with the increasing of PR concentrations, the apoptosis rates of NB4 cells were gradually elevated. Simultaneously, the mRNA expression of pml/rar alpha, bcl-2 and survivin decreased, while the protein expression of JNK, FasL, caspase 3 and caspase 8 increased, which presented the positive correlation to PR concentrations. When PR combined with arsenic trioxide (ATO), the expression levels of above mentioned mRNA and protein decreased or increased more significantly. It is concluded that PR can effectively induce the apoptosis of NB4 cells. PR combined with ATO displays synergistic effect. It may be triggered by the activation of JNK signal pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Isoflavones , Pharmacology , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Pathology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280691

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the clinical, pathological and biological features of a special case of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with marked thrombocythemic onset. The morphological changes of cells were analyzed by using bone marrow smear and biopsy; Ph chromosome, a specific marker of CML, was assayed by conventional chromosomal analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization, bcr/abl fusion gene was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The results indicated that CML mimicked essential thrombocythemia (ET) at presentation was relatively rare and might be misdiagnosed as ET, bone marrow smear and biopsy revealed, marked thrombocytosis and moderate leukocytosis; RT-PCR, FISH and conventional chromosomal analysis demonstrated the existence of Ph chromosome and bcr/abl fusion gene. This special CML could progress into accelerated phase or blast crisis. The megakaryocytes in Ph+ ET were smaller than normal ones and had typically hypolobulated round nuclei. Patients diagnosed as Ph+ ET might progress into CML and showed a high tendency to myelofibrosis and blastic transformation. It is concluded that the value of routine cytogenetical and molecular biological analysis in diagnosis for potential CML cases, which mimicked ET as in this presentation, is very distinctive, and the importance is magnified by the recent availability of imatinib, a specific inhibitor of the bcr/abl tyrosine kinase produced by the Philadelphia chromosome. Every case of "ET" should be tested for the Philadelphia chromosome and bcr/abl transcript.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Genetics , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Diagnosis , Genetics , Megakaryocytes , Pathology , Philadelphia Chromosome , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Thrombocythemia, Essential , Diagnosis
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