Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 30
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871114

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) during pregnancy at advanced maternal age for their second child at advanced maternal age, and to explore the relationship with neonatal outcomes.Methods:This study involved 1 965 women of advanced maternal age who delivered the second child in the Northwest Women's and Children's Hospital from July 1 to December 31, 2017. Clinical data of these women and their newborns were collected through the electronic medical record information system. According to pre-pregnancy BMI, all subjects were divided into four groups: underweight group (<18.5 kg/m 2, n=139), normal weight group (18.5-23.9 kg/m 2, n=1 342), overweight group (24.0-27.9 kg/m 2, n=404) and obese group (≥28.0 kg/m 2, n=80). According to the GWG standard recommended by the American Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 2009, they were also divided into three groups: inadequate GWG group ( n=478), normal GWG group ( n=884) and excessive GWG group ( n=603). Mann-Whitey U test, Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test were used as statistical methods. Effects of pre-pregnancy BMI and GWG on gestational age and birth weight of the newborns were analyzed by binary and multi-class logistic regression models. Results:The median pre-pregnancy BMI of the 1 965 women was 22.1 (20.3-23.9) kg/m 2 and patients with abnormal pre-pregnancy BMI accounted for 31.7% (623/1 965). Their median GWG was 13.0 (10.0-16.0) kg and 55.0% (1 081/1 965) of them were abnormal. Compared with normal pre-pregnant weight women, overweight and obesity subjects were associated with increased risks of preterm birth ( OR=2.100, 95% CI: 1.398-3.156), low birth weight infants (LBWI) ( OR=3.187, 95% CI: 1.892-5.367) and macrosomia ( OR=1.758, 95% CI: 1.182-2.614); pre-pregnancy underweight reduced the incidence of large for gestational age (LGA) infants ( OR=0.476, 95% CI: 0.236-0.960). Compared with the normal GWG group, the inadequate GWG group had increased risks of preterm birth ( OR=2.316, 95% CI: 1.530-3.505) and LBWI ( OR=1.850, 95% CI: 1.103-3.104), while the excessive GWG group showed increased risks of macrosomia ( OR=1.828, 95% CI: 1.225-2.726) and LGA infants ( OR=1.955, 95% CI: 1.448-2.640), but a reduced risk of LBWI ( OR=0.359, 95% CI: 0.193-0.667) and small for gestational age infants ( OR=0.452, 95% CI: 0.240-0.852). Conclusions:Both abnormal pre-pregnancy BMI (underweight, overweight and obese) and GWG (inadequate and excessive) have adverse effects on neonatal outcomes in women of advanced age in pregnancy for their second baby. Weight management should be addressed during the whole pregnancy, including both adjusting the pre-pregnancy BMI to normal range and maintaining reasonable GWG, so as to reduce potential adverse outcomes in newborns.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1182-1189, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869074

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical manifestations, diagnostic characteristics, treatment strategies and outcomes of patients with brucellaperi prosthetic joint infection (PJI).Methods:The medical records of 6 patients with brucella PJI in the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital and the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2010 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 5 males and 1 female, aged 61.5±11.5 years (range 45-79 years) with body mass index 23.0±2.8 kg/m 2 (range 18.4-26.1 kg/m 2). Five cases lived in the countryside, 1 in the city. Four cases were farmers, while two cases were herder and unemployed. One case had contact history in the epidemic area, and 1 case had been in the slaughter industry. Three cases were with knee PJI, of which 1 patient underwent total knee arthroplasty due to knee joint villous nodular synovitis and 2 patients due to knee osteoarthritis. Three patients had hip PJI of which 1 patient underwent total hip arthroplasty due to spondylitis and hip ankylosis and 2 cases due to femoral head necrosis. Three cases were with acute PJI, while other 3 cases were with chronic PJI. Three cases showed fever, while 5 cases had local wounds swelling. A total of 4 cases were complicated with sinus tracts. Five cases had laboratory examinations on the day of admission of which 3 cases had elevated blood C-reactive protein (CRP) and 5 cases with increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Five cases were with increased blood interleukin-6 (IL-6), 2 cases with increased blood alanine transaminase (alanine transaminase, ALT). All cases had varying degrees of restricted movement of the affected joints. The normal range of motion of the hip joint was from 10° to 130°. The average range of motion of 3 patients with hip joint involvement was from 0° to 75°. The normal range of motion of the knee joint was 10°-135°. Three patients with knee joint involvement had an average range from -8° to 67°. One case showed loosening of the right hip prosthesis with infection and 1 case showed local soft tissue swelling. Other cases showed no obvious abnormalities in X-rays. Two patients who underwent frozen pathological examination during the operation had positive pathological neutrophilcounts. Four cases had positive Brucella culture in joint tissues or synovial fluid (1 case with mixed infection) and 2 cases had blood Brucella antibody positive. Results:Among the 3 cases of acute PJI, two of them were treated with debridement, antibiotics, irrigation and retention. One case was treated with two-stage revision. Among the 3 cases of chronic PJI, one was treated with two-stage revision and 2 were treated with one-stage revision. Brucella-specific antibiotics such as rifampicin and doxycycline were used in the antibiotic treatment with the course of antibiotics 3 to 12 weeks. At the time of discharge, the CRP and ESR dropped to the normal range (CRP 0-0.8 mg/dl, ESR 0-20 mm/1 h) in all cases except for the second case. Interleukin 6 was not tested in the sixth case before discharge. In the remaining 5 patients, the blood interleukin 6 fell to the normal range (0-5.9 pg/ml) in 2 cases, and the blood ALT was in the normal range (0-40 U/L) in 4 cases. The body temperature of the second case was 37.3 ℃, while the other cases dropped below 37.3 ℃. In the second case, fever occurred intermittently after surgery. Thus, the incisionwas reddened and swollen and exuded 2 months after the operation. The patient recovered after intravenous infusion of levofloxacin. Until the last follow-up, all patients had no recurrence of infection. Imaging examination comfirmed that the prosthesis was in good position.Conclusion:For patients with Brucella PJI, Brucella culture positive and Brucella antibody positive have specific diagnostic significance. Different surgical strategies will be adopt based on the patient's symptoms and the duration of infection. Surgery combined with Brucella specific antibiotic treatment can usually achieve satisfied therapeutic outcomes.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803298

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the epidemiological data of nosocomial sepsis of premature infants with gestational age less than 34 weeks and the distribution characteristics of pathogenic bacteria in Shaanxi province.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of clinical data of premature infants born with gestational age < 34 weeks born between January 1 and December 30, 2018 in Neonatal Intensive Care Units(NICU) in 4 Grade A Class Three hospitals in Shaanxi province was performed.The high risk factors and pathogenic bacteria were analyzed by using chi-square test and t test for statistical analysis.@*Results@#Totally 823 infants were included in this study, among whom, 73 patients developed nosocomial sepsis, and the incidence was 8.9%.The mean gestational age of the 73 patients with nosocomial sepsis was (30.6±2.2) weeks and mean birth weight was (1 320.3±450.5) g. The rate of invasive ventilator was 23.4%(52/222 cases). The rate of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) was 20.1% (61/303 cases). The rate of early antibiotic use was 8.1% (39/481 cases) and breast feeding rate was 9.3% (63/675 cases). The rate of PICC and ventilator use were statistically different between the non-infection group and the infection group(all P<0.05). There were 31 strains of pathogenic bacteria, among which gram-negative bacilli was the most common (22 strains, 70.9%), which mainly were klebsiella pneumoniae strains (15 strains, 48.4%), and 6 strains(19.4%) of Fungus was detected.@*Conclusions@#The incidence of nosocomial sepsis in NICU in Shaanxi province is higher, gram-negative bacilli was the most common pathogenic bacteria, among which, klebsiella pneumoniae was main, it is necessary to strengthen the regular monitoring and analysis of nosocomial infection in NICU in order to reduce the incidence of nosocomial infection and sepsis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754881

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influencing factors of the vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC), and establish a model for predicting the risk of trial of the trial of labor after cesarean section (TOLAC). Methods From January 2016 to December 2018, total 694 pregnant women who underwent TOLAC in Northwest Women's and Children's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Those cases were divided into two groups according to the mode of delivery: the VBAC group and the failed TOLAC group. At the same time, 700 cases in the elective repeat cesarean section (ERCS) group were randomly selected as control group. The influencing factors of VBAC were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression, and the pregnancy outcomes between the three groups were compared. Results (1) The VBAC rate was 76.1% (528/694) and 166 women underwent the failed TOLAC (23.9%, 166/694). (2) Univariate analysis found that, the pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) [(22.0±3.0),(23.3±2.7) kg/m2], the previous vaginal delivery history [10.4%(55/528),3.6%(6/166)], the cervical score (5.2±1.9,4.3±1.6) and the neonatal birth weight [(3 315 ± 468), (3 484 ± 274) g] of the VBAC group were significantly different from the failed TOLAC group (P<0.05). (3) The comparison of pregnancy outcomes: the neonatal birth weight was (3 315± 468) g, and the intrapartum hemorrhage volume was (255 ± 121) ml in the VBAC group, which were significantly lower than those in the failed TOLAC group [intrapartum hemorrhage (325 ± 173) ml] and the ERCS group [(3 572±344) g, (281±125) ml], there were statistically significant differences in the comparison among the three groups (all P<0.05). Two cases of bladder injury occurred during cesarean section in the TOLAC failure group (1.2%,2/166). The rates of the blood transfusion, puerperal infection, 5-minute Apgar score and neonatal ICU admission among the three groups were no statistically significantly different (all P>0.05). There was no maternal or perinatal death. (4) Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the delivery age of pregnant women ( OR=0.92, 95% CI : 0.87-0.98), pre-pregnancy BMI ( OR=0.92, 95% CI :0.86-0.98), vaginal delivery history ( OR=3.31, 95% CI : 1.35-8.01), cervical score ( OR=1.29, 95% CI :1.13-1.42) and the birth weight of the neonates <3 300 g ( OR=3.15, 95% CI : 2.02-4.90) were independent influencing factors for VBAC. The area under curve of the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.74. Conclusions The influencing factors of VBAC are delivery age, pre-pregnancy BMI, vaginal delivery history, cervical score and neonatal birth weight <3 300 g. The adequate individualized management and assessment of the TOLAC may be helpful to improve the VBAC rate.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823722

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological data of nosocomial sepsis of premature infants with gestational age less than 34 weeks and the distribution characteristics of pathogenic bacteria in Shaanxi province.Methods A retrospective analysis of clinical data of premature infants born with gestational age < 34 weeks born between January 1 and December 30,2018 in Neonatal Intensive Care Units(NICU) in 4 Grade A Class Three hospitals in Shaanxi province was performed.The high risk factors and pathogenic bacteria were analyzed by using chi-square test and t test for statistical analysis.Results Totally 823 infants were included in this study,among whom,73 patients developed nosocomial sepsis,and the incidence was 8.9%.The mean gestational age of the 73 patients with nosocomial sepsis was (30.6 ± 2.2) weeks and mean birth weight was (1 320.3 ± 450.5) g.The rate of invasive ventilator was 23.4% (52/222 cases).The rate of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) was 20.1% (61/303 cases).The rate of early antibiotic use was 8.1% (39/481 cases) and breast feeding rate was 9.3% (63/675 cases).The rate of PICC and ventilator use were statistically different between the non-infection group and the infection group (all P <0.05).There were 31 strains of pathogenic bacteria,among which gram-negative bacilli was the most common (22 strains,70.9%),which mainly were klebsiella pneumoniae strains (15 strains,48.4%),and 6 strains (19.4%) of Fungus was detected.Conclusions The incidence of nosocomial sepsis in NICU in Shaanxi province is higher,gram-negative bacilli was the most common pathogenic bacteria,among which,klebsiella pneumoniae was main,it is necessary to strengthen the regular monitoring and analysis of nosocomial infection in NICU in order to reduce the incidence of nosocomial infection and sepsis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 920-924, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738072

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between maternal respiratory infection in early pregnancy and gestational age of single live birth.Methods A face to face questionnaire survey was conducted among child bearing aged women in 30 counties (district) of Shaanxi province selected through stratified multistage sampling.Propensity score (PS) matched (1 ∶ 1) analysis was used to match participants with respiratory infections to those without respiratory infections.A multilevel linear model was used to investigate the association between respiratory infections and gestational age.Through the control of the confounders step by step,three models were established in this study:model 1 for the variable of respiratory infections before PS matching,model 2 was adjusted for variables in model 1 plus some other individual differences of mother and baby,and model 3 for the variable of respiratory infections after PS matching.Results Of 28 848 child bearing aged women surveyed,3 676 (12.74%) had respiratory infections in early pregnancy.After PS matching,2 762 pairs were matched.Analysis with model 1 indicated that a decrease of 0.111 week (P<0.001) in gestational age was associated with a respiratory infection during the first trimester.Analysis with model 2 and model 3 indicated that a decrease of 0.058 week (P=0.025) and a decrease of 0.076 week (P=0.036) were associated with respiratory infection during the fast trimester,respectively.Conclusion The respiratory infection during the first trimester was associated with the decrease of the gestational age of newborn.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 920-924, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736604

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between maternal respiratory infection in early pregnancy and gestational age of single live birth.Methods A face to face questionnaire survey was conducted among child bearing aged women in 30 counties (district) of Shaanxi province selected through stratified multistage sampling.Propensity score (PS) matched (1 ∶ 1) analysis was used to match participants with respiratory infections to those without respiratory infections.A multilevel linear model was used to investigate the association between respiratory infections and gestational age.Through the control of the confounders step by step,three models were established in this study:model 1 for the variable of respiratory infections before PS matching,model 2 was adjusted for variables in model 1 plus some other individual differences of mother and baby,and model 3 for the variable of respiratory infections after PS matching.Results Of 28 848 child bearing aged women surveyed,3 676 (12.74%) had respiratory infections in early pregnancy.After PS matching,2 762 pairs were matched.Analysis with model 1 indicated that a decrease of 0.111 week (P<0.001) in gestational age was associated with a respiratory infection during the first trimester.Analysis with model 2 and model 3 indicated that a decrease of 0.058 week (P=0.025) and a decrease of 0.076 week (P=0.036) were associated with respiratory infection during the fast trimester,respectively.Conclusion The respiratory infection during the first trimester was associated with the decrease of the gestational age of newborn.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509253

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT:Objective To explore the risk factors for maternal adverse pregnancy outcomes.Methods An unmatched case-control study based on hospital was performed.Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression were used to analyze the related factors of maternal adverse pregnancy outcomes,including general condition,history of fertility,abnormal symptoms and diseases during pregnancy.Results Univariate analysis results showed that high education level of gravida might be the protective factors of adverse pregnancy outcomes.The risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcome might include advanced maternal age,intensive workload,frequent pregnancy,history of spontaneous abortion,severe morning sickness,and sickness during pregnancy or progestation.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that high education level of gravida (OR=0.63,95% CI:0.50-0.80)was the protective factor of adverse pregnancy outcomes;severe morning sickness (OR=2 .1 3 ,9 5% CI:1 .6 3-2 .7 9 )and sickness during progestation (OR=2.25,95% CI:1.06-4.77)were the risk factors for maternal adverse pregnancy outcomes.Conclusion The level of maternal education should be improved.We should attach great importance to preventive education and thorough treatment of severe morning sickness. Couples should be encouraged to have physical examination before marriage and pregnancy.Corresponding pregnancy care guidance should be given to pregnant women with different physical conditions so as to effectively reduce the occurrence of adverse pregnancy outcomes.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1466-1470, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737854

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence of prenatal supplementations of iron, iron-containing multi-micronutrients (IMMN) and antianemic Chinese patent medicines (ACPM) and associated factors in women in Shaanxi province. Methods A sample of 28367 childbearing-age women who gave birth during 2010-2013 and had specific information of the prenatal nutrients supplementation were recruited using stratified multistage cluster random sampling in Shaanxi province. The information about their basic characteristics and prenatal supplementation of nutrients were collected by a questionnaire survey. Descriptive analysis method was used to analyze the intake rate of iron, IMMN and ACPM during each period of pregnancy, and logistic regression model was used to identify associated factors. Results The overall prevalence of prenatal iron, IMMN and ACPM supplementation was low (28.99%), and the intake rate of iron was the lowest (5.33%). The prevalence of prenatal supplementation of iron, IMMN and ACPM were lower before pregnancy and in the first trimester than in the second and third trimester. The intake rates for consecutive 2 periods were very low (all were lower than 2.00%). The intake rates of iron, IMMN and ACPM significantly increased year by year. Women living in central Shaanxi had relatively high intake rates of iron (7.22%) and IMMN (16.55%), and women in southern Shaanxi had relatively high intake rate of ACPM (18.50%). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that higher educational level(OR=1.920, 95%CI: 1.617-2.279), antenatal care times≥6 (OR=1.832, 95%CI: 1.604-2.091), etc. were the positive factors for iron intake, and these positive factors were similar to those for IMMN intake. Additionally, rural residence was the negative factor for IMMN intake (compared with urban residence, OR=0.872, 95%CI:0.788-0.966). Conversely, higher educational level (OR=0.855, 95%CI:0.746-0.979), higher household income (OR=0.864, 95%CI: 0.796-0.938) were negative factors for ACPM intake, and rural residence was its positive factor (OR=1.285, 95% CI: 1.141-1.447). Conclusions The prevalence of prenatal supplementation of iron, IMMN and ACPM were low in women in Shaanxi, especially the intake rate of iron was the lowest. The prophylactic iron supplementation before pregnancy or in the first trimester was rare. Measures should be taken to improve the prenatal supplementation of iron in Shaanxi and to standardize the clinical use of ACPM.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1121-1126, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737787

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy and congenital heart disease so as to provide evidence for primary prevention of congenital heart disease.Methods Epidemiologic studies on ambient air pollution and congenital heart diseases were reviewed.Summary risk estimates were calculated at high versus low exposure levels and risk per-unit-increase in continuous pollutant concentration.Meta-analysis was conducted with Stata 12.0 software.Results A total of 20 articles in English were qualified for inclusion.Results from Meta-analysis showed that CO exposures were related to the increase on the risk of tetralogy of fallot (high versus low exposure level OR=1.22,95%CI:1.03-1.44),while the exposures to NO2 were related to the increase on risk of coarctation of aorta (per 10 mm3/m3 OR=1.01,95%CI:1.01-1.20).Exposures to O3 were related to the increase on risk of atrial septal defect (per 10 mm3/m3 OR=1.14,95%CI:1.03-1.26),and PM10 exposures were related to the increase on risk of atrial septal defect (per 10 μg/m3 OR=1.10,95%CI:1.03-1.19).In addition,there were inverse associations between CO and atrial septal defect and between PM10 and ventricular septal defect.Conclusion Exposures to CO,NO2,O3,PM10 during pregnancy seemed to be associated with congenital heart diseases.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 615-620, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737694

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of maternal animal sourced food intake during pregnancy on neonate birth weight and provide scientific basis for guiding the reasonable diet intake in pregnant women and increasing neonate birth weight.Methods Data were derived from a cross-sectional project of "the prevalence and risk factors of birth defects in Shaanxi province",which were conducted in 30 counties in Shaanxi province from July to November in 2013.A stratified multistage random sampling method was used to select women who were pregnant between January 2010 and December 2013 for a random semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire survey to collect the data on the frequency and amount of food consumption on animal protein sources and the data of newborns.Children aged 0-1 years and their mothers were selected as the study subjects.The generalized linear model was used to analyze the relationship between the neonate birth weight and maternal animal sourced food intake during pregnancy,and by using neonate birth weight as dependent variable,food intake frequency as independent variable,three adjustment models were established for stratified analysis.Results Totally 11 459 participants were involved in this study.The average birth weight of newborn was (3 279.9 ± 454.6) g,the average weekly intake of animal sourced foods was 4.00 times for egg,1.50 times for meat,3.00 times for dairy foods,0.50 times for fish and 5.00 times for overall animal sourced foods in pregnant women.Without stratification,three models shown that meat and overall animal sourced food intake had effects on neonate birth weight.After adjustment for gestational weeks,maternal age,social and demographic factors and others,meat intake increased by 1 time a week,the increase of neonate birth weight was about 5.26 (95% CI:1.32-9.20) g,and the overall animal food increased by 1 times a week,the average neonate birth weight increased by 3.24 (95% CI:1.09-5.39) g.Stratified analysis showed that meat and overall animal sourced food always had more influences on baby girls and those living in rural area.In the region classification,the overall animal sourced food intake had more influences on women living in northern area and Guanzhong area of Shaanxi,and meat intake had greater influence on women living in southern Shaanxi.And the influences were positive,the more animal sourced foods were taken,the greater the birth weight increased.Conclusion Animal sourced food intake during pregnancy would benefit the increase of neonate birth weight.It suggests that pregnant women should pay more attention to the intake of animal sourced food.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 478-481, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737667

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between frequencies of prenatal care and neonatal low birth weight (LBW) among women of childbearing age from the rural areas of Shaanxi province.Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among the childbearing-aged women from the rural areas.Samples were selected through multi stage stratified random sampling method.The childbearing aged women were in pregnancy or having had definite outcomes of pregnancy.Measurement of data was described by median ± standard deviation,and chi square test was used to compare the rates.Neonatal low birth weight and frequencies of prenatal care were dependent variables and independent variables grouped into the generalized Poisson regression model.Confounding factors were under control.Results The overall incidence rate of LBW was 3.75% among 18 911 rural women of childbearing age during 2010-2013.Frequencies on pregnancy care were up to 15 times (0.70%),with a minimum of 0 (0.70%),an average of 5.65± 2.74 times (including ≥ 10 times accounted for 12.37%;≥7 times accounted for 28.52%;≥5 times accounted for 62.80% and <4 times accounted for 21.49%).After controlling confounding factors,results from the generalized Poisson regression analysis revealed that the difference was statistically significant when compared to the reference group.The incidence of neonatal LBW in the <4 group was 1.61 times of the one in the >7 group (OR=1.61,95%CI:1.31-2.00) while in the <4 group it was 1.23 times of the 4-7 group (OR=1.23,95% CI:1.04-1.45).Conclusion In the rural areas of Shaanxi province,the incidence of neonatal LBW was gradually reduced through the increasing number of frequencies on prenatal care,among women of childbearing age.

13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 158-162, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737619

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence of preterm delivery among single live neonates and the association between maternal reproductive history and preterm birth.Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted on reproductive history among women at childbearing age who were selected through multi-stage stratified random sampling method in Shaanxi,during 2010-2013.Samples would include women at childbearing age and in pregnancy or having had definite pregnancy outcomes.Results A total of 29 608 women at childbearing age with their infants,were studied.The overall incidence of premature delivery among the single live birth neonates under this study,was 2.7% during 2010-2013.Results from the logistic regression model showed that factors as:having had history with preterm delivery (OR=7.99,95%CI:5.59-11.43),age of the mothers,older than 35 (OR=2.03,95%CI:1.59-2.59) and with history of birth defects (OR=1.54,95%CI:1.01-2.34) were at higher risks for premature delivery in neonates.Intervals on pregnancies between 3-4 years (compared with ≤2 years,OR=0.74,95%CI:0.58-0.93),between 5-6 years (compared with ≤2 years,OR=0.66,95%CI:0.52-0.82),or >6 years (compared with ≤2 years,OR=0.48,95%CI:0.37-0.61)together with numbers of parity as 1 (compared with primiparas,OR=0.80;95%CI:0.67-0.95),as ≥2 (compared with primiparas,OR=0.62,95% CI:0.39-0.97) etc.were protective factors to preterm delivery.Factors as:history of preterm delivery,mothers age (older than 35 years) and intervals of pregnancy,appeared influential to the age of gestation,under the ordinal polytomous logistic regression analysis.Conclusion The incidence of preterm births among single live birth neonates in Shaanxi was lower than the average national level.Programs related to health care services prior to conception and during pregnancy,together with increasing the self-care consciousness of childbearing aged women etc,should all be strengthened in order to reduce the occurrence of preterm birth,in Shaanxi province.

14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1466-1470, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736386

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence of prenatal supplementations of iron, iron-containing multi-micronutrients (IMMN) and antianemic Chinese patent medicines (ACPM) and associated factors in women in Shaanxi province. Methods A sample of 28367 childbearing-age women who gave birth during 2010-2013 and had specific information of the prenatal nutrients supplementation were recruited using stratified multistage cluster random sampling in Shaanxi province. The information about their basic characteristics and prenatal supplementation of nutrients were collected by a questionnaire survey. Descriptive analysis method was used to analyze the intake rate of iron, IMMN and ACPM during each period of pregnancy, and logistic regression model was used to identify associated factors. Results The overall prevalence of prenatal iron, IMMN and ACPM supplementation was low (28.99%), and the intake rate of iron was the lowest (5.33%). The prevalence of prenatal supplementation of iron, IMMN and ACPM were lower before pregnancy and in the first trimester than in the second and third trimester. The intake rates for consecutive 2 periods were very low (all were lower than 2.00%). The intake rates of iron, IMMN and ACPM significantly increased year by year. Women living in central Shaanxi had relatively high intake rates of iron (7.22%) and IMMN (16.55%), and women in southern Shaanxi had relatively high intake rate of ACPM (18.50%). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that higher educational level(OR=1.920, 95%CI: 1.617-2.279), antenatal care times≥6 (OR=1.832, 95%CI: 1.604-2.091), etc. were the positive factors for iron intake, and these positive factors were similar to those for IMMN intake. Additionally, rural residence was the negative factor for IMMN intake (compared with urban residence, OR=0.872, 95%CI:0.788-0.966). Conversely, higher educational level (OR=0.855, 95%CI:0.746-0.979), higher household income (OR=0.864, 95%CI: 0.796-0.938) were negative factors for ACPM intake, and rural residence was its positive factor (OR=1.285, 95% CI: 1.141-1.447). Conclusions The prevalence of prenatal supplementation of iron, IMMN and ACPM were low in women in Shaanxi, especially the intake rate of iron was the lowest. The prophylactic iron supplementation before pregnancy or in the first trimester was rare. Measures should be taken to improve the prenatal supplementation of iron in Shaanxi and to standardize the clinical use of ACPM.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1121-1126, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736319

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between exposure to ambient air pollution during pregnancy and congenital heart disease so as to provide evidence for primary prevention of congenital heart disease.Methods Epidemiologic studies on ambient air pollution and congenital heart diseases were reviewed.Summary risk estimates were calculated at high versus low exposure levels and risk per-unit-increase in continuous pollutant concentration.Meta-analysis was conducted with Stata 12.0 software.Results A total of 20 articles in English were qualified for inclusion.Results from Meta-analysis showed that CO exposures were related to the increase on the risk of tetralogy of fallot (high versus low exposure level OR=1.22,95%CI:1.03-1.44),while the exposures to NO2 were related to the increase on risk of coarctation of aorta (per 10 mm3/m3 OR=1.01,95%CI:1.01-1.20).Exposures to O3 were related to the increase on risk of atrial septal defect (per 10 mm3/m3 OR=1.14,95%CI:1.03-1.26),and PM10 exposures were related to the increase on risk of atrial septal defect (per 10 μg/m3 OR=1.10,95%CI:1.03-1.19).In addition,there were inverse associations between CO and atrial septal defect and between PM10 and ventricular septal defect.Conclusion Exposures to CO,NO2,O3,PM10 during pregnancy seemed to be associated with congenital heart diseases.

16.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 615-620, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736226

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of maternal animal sourced food intake during pregnancy on neonate birth weight and provide scientific basis for guiding the reasonable diet intake in pregnant women and increasing neonate birth weight.Methods Data were derived from a cross-sectional project of "the prevalence and risk factors of birth defects in Shaanxi province",which were conducted in 30 counties in Shaanxi province from July to November in 2013.A stratified multistage random sampling method was used to select women who were pregnant between January 2010 and December 2013 for a random semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire survey to collect the data on the frequency and amount of food consumption on animal protein sources and the data of newborns.Children aged 0-1 years and their mothers were selected as the study subjects.The generalized linear model was used to analyze the relationship between the neonate birth weight and maternal animal sourced food intake during pregnancy,and by using neonate birth weight as dependent variable,food intake frequency as independent variable,three adjustment models were established for stratified analysis.Results Totally 11 459 participants were involved in this study.The average birth weight of newborn was (3 279.9 ± 454.6) g,the average weekly intake of animal sourced foods was 4.00 times for egg,1.50 times for meat,3.00 times for dairy foods,0.50 times for fish and 5.00 times for overall animal sourced foods in pregnant women.Without stratification,three models shown that meat and overall animal sourced food intake had effects on neonate birth weight.After adjustment for gestational weeks,maternal age,social and demographic factors and others,meat intake increased by 1 time a week,the increase of neonate birth weight was about 5.26 (95% CI:1.32-9.20) g,and the overall animal food increased by 1 times a week,the average neonate birth weight increased by 3.24 (95% CI:1.09-5.39) g.Stratified analysis showed that meat and overall animal sourced food always had more influences on baby girls and those living in rural area.In the region classification,the overall animal sourced food intake had more influences on women living in northern area and Guanzhong area of Shaanxi,and meat intake had greater influence on women living in southern Shaanxi.And the influences were positive,the more animal sourced foods were taken,the greater the birth weight increased.Conclusion Animal sourced food intake during pregnancy would benefit the increase of neonate birth weight.It suggests that pregnant women should pay more attention to the intake of animal sourced food.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 478-481, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736199

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between frequencies of prenatal care and neonatal low birth weight (LBW) among women of childbearing age from the rural areas of Shaanxi province.Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among the childbearing-aged women from the rural areas.Samples were selected through multi stage stratified random sampling method.The childbearing aged women were in pregnancy or having had definite outcomes of pregnancy.Measurement of data was described by median ± standard deviation,and chi square test was used to compare the rates.Neonatal low birth weight and frequencies of prenatal care were dependent variables and independent variables grouped into the generalized Poisson regression model.Confounding factors were under control.Results The overall incidence rate of LBW was 3.75% among 18 911 rural women of childbearing age during 2010-2013.Frequencies on pregnancy care were up to 15 times (0.70%),with a minimum of 0 (0.70%),an average of 5.65± 2.74 times (including ≥ 10 times accounted for 12.37%;≥7 times accounted for 28.52%;≥5 times accounted for 62.80% and <4 times accounted for 21.49%).After controlling confounding factors,results from the generalized Poisson regression analysis revealed that the difference was statistically significant when compared to the reference group.The incidence of neonatal LBW in the <4 group was 1.61 times of the one in the >7 group (OR=1.61,95%CI:1.31-2.00) while in the <4 group it was 1.23 times of the 4-7 group (OR=1.23,95% CI:1.04-1.45).Conclusion In the rural areas of Shaanxi province,the incidence of neonatal LBW was gradually reduced through the increasing number of frequencies on prenatal care,among women of childbearing age.

18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 158-162, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736151

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence of preterm delivery among single live neonates and the association between maternal reproductive history and preterm birth.Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted on reproductive history among women at childbearing age who were selected through multi-stage stratified random sampling method in Shaanxi,during 2010-2013.Samples would include women at childbearing age and in pregnancy or having had definite pregnancy outcomes.Results A total of 29 608 women at childbearing age with their infants,were studied.The overall incidence of premature delivery among the single live birth neonates under this study,was 2.7% during 2010-2013.Results from the logistic regression model showed that factors as:having had history with preterm delivery (OR=7.99,95%CI:5.59-11.43),age of the mothers,older than 35 (OR=2.03,95%CI:1.59-2.59) and with history of birth defects (OR=1.54,95%CI:1.01-2.34) were at higher risks for premature delivery in neonates.Intervals on pregnancies between 3-4 years (compared with ≤2 years,OR=0.74,95%CI:0.58-0.93),between 5-6 years (compared with ≤2 years,OR=0.66,95%CI:0.52-0.82),or >6 years (compared with ≤2 years,OR=0.48,95%CI:0.37-0.61)together with numbers of parity as 1 (compared with primiparas,OR=0.80;95%CI:0.67-0.95),as ≥2 (compared with primiparas,OR=0.62,95% CI:0.39-0.97) etc.were protective factors to preterm delivery.Factors as:history of preterm delivery,mothers age (older than 35 years) and intervals of pregnancy,appeared influential to the age of gestation,under the ordinal polytomous logistic regression analysis.Conclusion The incidence of preterm births among single live birth neonates in Shaanxi was lower than the average national level.Programs related to health care services prior to conception and during pregnancy,together with increasing the self-care consciousness of childbearing aged women etc,should all be strengthened in order to reduce the occurrence of preterm birth,in Shaanxi province.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613483

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship of four kinds of lifestyle factors,namely,prenatal passive smoking,hair dyeing or perming,exposure to noise,living in a house renovated in the past one year,with congenital heart disease.Methods A hospital-based case-control study was conducted.Totally 270 mothers in the case group and 1633 mothers in the control group were interviewed through a face-to-face questionnaire survey.A generalized linear model was employed to investigate the association between congenital heart disease and prenatal lifestyle factors.Results Both in Model 1 and Model 2,prenatal hair dyeing or perming had no association with congenital heart disease.On the other hand,prenatal passive smoking,exposure to noise and living in a house renovated in the past one year all increased the risk of congenital heart disease.After adjustment for all confounders,the OR values were 1.771 (95% CI:1.079-2.909),2.079 (95% CI:1.310-3.298),and 2.494 (95% CI:1.511-4.116),respectively.Conclusion Prenatal passive smoking,exposure to noise and living in a house renovated in the past one year are the risk factors for congenital heart disease.It is very important to avoid such factors during pre-pregnancy and pregnancy.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613479

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between first trimester pregnancy infection and congenital malformation in the cardiovascular system.Methods A hospital-based study was conducted from June 2014 to June 2016.Totally 1618 mothers of infants with cardiovascular system malformation and normal infants were interviewed through a face-to-face questionnaire survey.A propensity score-matched study was conducted to investigate the association between first trimester pregnancy infection and congenital malformation in the cardiovascular system.Results All important covariates were balanced after matching.First trimester pregnancy infection increased the risk of congenital malformation in the cardiovascular system,single congenital malformation in the cardiovascular system and multi-congenital malformation in the cardiovascular system.After matched,the OR values were 1.65 (95% CI:1.21-2.24;P=0.001),1.50 (95% CI:1.02 2.20;P=0.037),and 1.90 (95% CI:1.18-3.06;P=0.008),respectively.Conclusion First trimester pregnancy infection increases the risk of congenital malformation in the cardiovascular system.Avoiding infectious diseases during the first trimester in pregnancy is important in decreasing the incidence of congenital malformation in the cardiovascular system.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL