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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885854

ABSTRACT

The fovea avascular area (FAZ) is an area of the retina surrounded by a continuous capillary plexus that does not have any capillary structure of its own. FAZ is an important region for the formation of fine vision function. The changes of its morphology and surrounding capillary density reflect the degree of macular ischemia, and are closely related to retinal vascular diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, Coats disease, idiopathic macular telangiectasia, and retinopathy of prematurity. Early observation of FAZ region changes in patients with retinal vascular disease by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) can evaluate the severity and prognosis of the disease. However, the measurement error of FAZ-related data is still a problem that cannot be ignored. At present, OCTA devices of various manufacturers have different methods and algorithms for measuring and analyzing FAZ, which makes it impossible to compare the measured data between different devices. It is believed that with the continuous progress of OCTA related technology, more accurate data of FAZ regional changes can be obtained, which will bring more help to clinical work.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883660

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the immune response characteristics of helper T cells Th1, Th2, Th17 and their related cytokines in acute, chronic and recovery phases after Brucella infection. Methods:Using prospective study, a total of 130 patients with brucellosis in the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Shihezi University from January 2017 to December 2018 were selected as the research subjects, including acute phase group (49 cases), chronic phase group (44 cases), recovery phase group (37 cases), and 30 cases of healthy physical examination during the same period were included in the control group. The peripheral blood samples of all subjects were collected, and flow cytometry was used to detect Th1, Th2 and Th17 cells in the peripheral blood; the cytometry bead array (CBA) was used to detect the serum cytokines interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-17A expression levels.Results:In the control, acute phase, chronic phase and recovery phase groups, the differences of the expression ratios of Th1 [(1.03 ± 0.85)%, (5.46 ± 3.54)%, (4.48 ± 2.26)%, (2.29 ± 2.25)%], Th2 [(4.72 ± 2.36)%, (7.00 ± 3.14)%, (13.99 ± 9.14)%, (5.89 ± 4.69)%], and Th17 cells [(2.09 ± 0.48)%, (3.04 ± 2.17)%, (3.61 ± 2.67)%, (2.74 ± 2.58)%] were statistically significant ( F = 20.95, 21.15, 2.90, P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the expressions ratio of Th1, Th2, Th17 cells in acute and chronic phase groups and Th1 cells in recovery phase group were significantly higher ( P < 0.05); compared with the recovery phase group, the expressions ratio of Th1, Th2 and Th17 cells in acute and chronic phase groups were significantly higher, but the expression ratio of Th2 cells in acute phase group was lower than that in chronic phase group ( P < 0.05). The expression levels of IFN-γ, IL-4, and IL-17A in serum of control group, acute phase, chronic phase and recovery phase groups were significantly different ( F = 7.79, 15.85, 7.55, P < 0.05); compared with the control group, the expression levels of IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-17A in acute and chronic phase groups and IFN-γ, IL-4 in recovery phase group were significantly higher ( P < 0.05); compared with the recovery phase group, the expression levels of IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-17A in acute phase group and IFN-γ, IL-17A in chronic phase group were significantly higher ( P < 0.05). The expression ratio of Th1 cells in recovery phase patients who finished treatment for less than 12 months was significantly higher than that of recovery phase patients who finished treatment for ≥12 months ( t = 2.26, P < 0.05). Conclusions:After patients are infected with Brucella, Th1 cell immunity is dominant in acute phase, Th2 cell immunity is dominant in chronic phase, and there is no significant difference in the response of Th17 cell immunity between acute and chronic phases. The immune function of patients in the recovery phase may still be abnormal when the treatment time is less than 12 months. Some clinically cured patients in the recovery phase still have a relatively high proportion of Th1 cells, suggesting that the patient's immune function has not fully recovered.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863910

ABSTRACT

We retrieved the PDTC patient medical record in our center who have received multi-disciplinary comprehensive treatment in March 2019. By reviewing his treatment process, we hope to improve the recognition of this disease and provide reference for individualized programs.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752985

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of magnetic compression anastomosis for congenital esophageal atresia and stenosis.Methods The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted.The clinical data of 4 children who underwent magnetic compression anastomosis for congenital esophageal atresia and stenosis in the Northwest Women and Children's Hospital from December 2017 and February 2019 were collected.There were 2 males and 2 females.The children were aged 11 days,7 days,5 days,and 3 years,respectively.The children underwent magnetic compression anastomosis.Observation indicators:(1) surgical and postoperative situations;(2) follow-up.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect food intake and complications of children up to May 2019.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD,and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range).Results (1) Surgical and postoperative situations:four children underwent magnetic compression anastomosis successfully.Of the 4 children,3 with esophageal atresia underwent open tracheoesophageal fistula repair and endoscopeassisted magnetic compression anastomosis,and 1 with congenital esophageal stenosis underwent endoscopic gastrostomy combined with magnetic compression anastomosis.The operation time of 4 children was (2.3±0.9) hours.The length of esophageal blind ending in the 3 children with esophageal atresia and length of esophageal stenosis were in the children with esophageal stenosis 30-35 mm and 8 mm.Four children has good magnet apposition,and time of postoperative magnet removal was (29± 10)days.Three children with esophageal atresia had oral removal of magnet,and 1 with esophageal stenosis had magnet removed by gastrostomy.One child complicated with postoperative fistula and anastomotic stenosis was cured by unobstructed drainage and nutritional support treatment.The duration of postoperative hospital stay was (39± 10)days.(2) Follow-up:4 patients were followed up for 3-17 months,with a median time of 10 months,and restored to oral intake after oral removal of magnet and removal of magnet by gastrostomy on the days 14-36 postoperatively.One child was detected anastomotic stenosis by esophagography at the postoperative 3 months,and was improved after esophageal dilatation.The other 3 children recovered to normal connectivity of esophagus postoperatively and maintain unobstructed.Four children had normal eating,without dysphagia or other serious complications.Conclusion Magnetic compression anastomosis is safe and feasible for congenital esophageal atresia and stenosis,with good short-term efficacy.

5.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E507-E513, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802386

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the biomechanical effects of lateral meniscus posterior root (LMPR) tears fixed at different suture positions, so as to investigate the optimal suture method for repairing LMPR tears. Methods Eight fresh cadaveric knees were used. Each knee was tested under 6 conditions: intact knee, ruptur of LMPR, suture of LMPR to the center point of root insertion, suture of LMPR posterior, interior and later 5 mm to the center point of root insertion, respectively. The peak contact pressure, the average contact pressure and contact area were evaluated using a Tek-scan sensor positioned between the meniscus and tibial plateau, under 1 kN compressive loading, at 0 degree knee extension. Results In the lateral compartment, the average contact pressure and peak pressure significantly increased under rupture of LMPR compared with the intact state (P0.05). Conclusions The average contact pressure, the peak contact pressure and the contact area between the lateral meniscus and the tibial plateau changed obviously due to the LMPR tears. When the suture position was 5 mm lateral to the center point of root insertion, similar biomechanical function with the intact knee could be obtained.

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1037-1040, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797887

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of reduced port laparoscopic radical resection on colorectal cancer.@*Methods@#Clinical data of 46 patients with colorectal cancer undergoing reduced port laparoscopic radical resection were retrospectively analyzed.@*Results@#All of 46 patients underwent laparoscopic surgery, with an average operation time of 206 minutes, an average intraoperative bleeding of 56 ml, an average number of lymph nodes removement of 12/case (ranged from 6 to 21). One case had incision infection, 2 cases had anastomotic leakage, and they all recovered and discharged after treatment.@*Conclusions@#Reduced port laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer is safe and feasible, reduces labor costs, and has a good clinical efficacy, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1037-1040, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791623

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of reduced port laparoscopic radical resection on colorectal cancer.Methods Clinical data of 46 patients with colorectal cancer undergoing reduced port laparoscopic radical resection were retrospectively analyzed.Results All of 46 patients underwent laparoscopic surgery,with an average operation time of 206 minutes,an average intraoperative bleeding of 56 ml,an average number of lymph nodes removement of 12/case (ranged from 6 to 21).One case had incision infection,2 cases had anastomotic leakage,and they all recovered and discharged after treatment.Conclusions Reduced port laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer is safe and feasible,reduces labor costs,and has a good clinical efficacy,which is worthy of clinical promotion.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758806

ABSTRACT

Recently, a novel atypical porcine pestivirus (APPV) in pig was reported. In this study, two APPV strains, APPV-China/GZ01/2016 (GZ01) and APPV-China/GD-SD/2016 (GD-SD), were identified in two newborn piglet herds with congenital tremor from China. The open reading frame of the two strains shared an 83.5% nucleotide identity. Phylogenetically, the APPV strains were placed into two groups: GZ01 belonged to group I and GD-SD belonged to group II. A high viral load was detected in the cerebellum (quantification cycles < 26). Further studies should be carried out to thoroughly elucidate the development of congenital tremors caused by APPV.


Subject(s)
Cerebellum , China , Genome , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Open Reading Frames , Pestivirus , Tremor , Viral Load
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733699

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical outcomes between postoperative delirium(POD) and non- POD elderly patients with colorectal cancer and analysis of related factors. Methods Consecutive 268 elderly patients with colorectal cancer from January 2013 to March 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were evaluated daily after surgery for 7 d by confusion assessment method and were divided into delirium group and non-delirium group. Clinical outcomes were compared between the two groups, including postoperative complications, length of hospital stay, and mortality within 30 d. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of POD. Results Thirty-two patients (11.9% ) developed in POD, and 78.1% (25/32) POD patients were diagnosed within 3 d after surgery. Patients in delirium group had more complications [31.2%(10/32) vs. 17.4%(41/236), P=0.031], longer postoperative hospital stay [(14.2 ± 1.6) d vs. (9.3 ± 1.8) d, P=0.010] and higher mortality within 30 d [6.2% (2/32) vs. 1.7% (4/236), P=0.045]. Univariate analysis revealed that advanced age, male, higher Charlson comorbidity index, higher American Society of Anesthesiologists Classification, history of psychiatric disease, history of cerebrovascular disease, alcohol abuse, lower preoperative blood albumin concentration, perioperative blood transfusion and postoperative transform to intensive care unit were significantly related to the development of POD (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis identified that advanced age ( OR=1.072, 95% CI 1.012- 1.145), history of psychiatric disease ( OR=9.806, 95% CI 2.748-25.107) and perioperative blood transfusion ( OR=2.466, 95% CI 1.126-7.441) were independent risk factors of POD. Conclusions POD is relatively common in elderly patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery. The high morbidity of postoperative complication and mortality is associated with POD. Comprehensively preventive strategies should be carried out for high-risk patients of advanced age, history of psychiatric disease, and perioperative blood transfusion.

10.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 929-932, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810295

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To survey the conduction and evaluate the effectiveness of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in China mainland.@*Methods@#In a questionnaire-based survey, we retrospectively reviewed the application of ECMO in children's hospital and general hospital in China mainland to summarize and analyze the categories of diseases and prognosis of children treated with ECMO therapy.@*Results@#By December 31, 2017, a total of 23 hospitals using ECMO, including 22 tertiary referral hospitals and 1 secondary hospital, among which 16 were children′s hospitals and 7 were general hospitals. Thirty-seven ECMO equipment was available. A total of 518 patients treated with ECMO, within whom 323 (62.4%) successfully weaned from ECMO and 262 (50.6%) survived to discharge. Among 375 pediatric patients, 233 (62.1%) were successfully weaned from ECMO and 186 (49.6%) survived to discharge. Among 143 newborn patients, 90 (62.9%) successfully weaned from ECMO, 76 (53.1%) survived to discharge. ECMO was applied in veno-arterial (VA) mode to 501 (96.7%) patients, veno-venous (VV) mode to 14 (2.7%) patients, and VV-VA conversion mode to 3 (0.6%) patients. Sixty-nine patients required extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR), including 20 newborn patients (29.0%) and 38 pediatric patients (71.0%), who were all with cardiovascular disease. Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (26/61), persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) (12/61), and meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) (11/61) are the most common pulmonary diseases in newborn patients; among whom, infants with PPHN had highest survival rate (10/12), followed by MAS (9/11). Among newborn patients with cardiovascular diseases, those who admitted were after surgery for congenital cardiac disease were the most common (54/82), while those with septic shock had the highest survival rate (2/3). In pediatric pulmonary diseases, acute respiratory distress syndrome was the most common (42/93), while plastic bronchitis was with the highest survival rate (4/4), followed by viral pneumonia (13/16). Among pediatric cardiovascular diseases, congenital cardiac defect was the most common (124/282), while fulminant myocarditis had the highest survival rate (54/77).@*Conclusion@#The application of ECMO as a rescue therapy for children with severe cardiopulmonary failure has dramatically developed in China mainland.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611522

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the relationships between area strain (AS) and eccentric index (EI) of atherosclerotic plaques as seen by intravascular ultrasonic elastography (IVUSE),and to reveal the effect of EI on the plaques stability.Methods Forty purebred New Zealand rabbits were fed with a high-cholesterol diet;the abdominal aorta endothelium was balloon-injured after 2 weeks;at the end of week 12,2 plaques with moderate echo from each rabbit were chosen for in situ imaging,and 2 consecutive frames near the end-diastole images in situ were used to construct an IVUS elastogram.Results The eccentric plaques showed significantly greater area stain (AS) than the centripetal plaques [4.77(2.92,8.01)% vs 3.27(2.15,4.82)%,P=0.029] with smaller plaque area and plaque burden (P<0.05).The plaque AS was positively correlated with EI (r=0.392,P=0.003).The eccentric plaques showed significantly greater AS in the shoulder than in body [4.98(3.17,8.48)% vs 4.64(2.51,5.92)%,P=0.008].Conclusions The EI is one of influential factors on plaque AS.Eccentric plaques may be more vulnerable than centripetal plaques,especially in the shoulder of eccentric plaques which have greater AS than their body.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659462

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the relationship between plaque burden (PB) and area strain (AS) by intravascular ultrasonic elastography (IVUSE).Methods Forty purebred New Zealand rabbits were fed with a high-cholesterol diet.And the abdominal aorta endothelium was balloon-injured after 2 weeks.At the end of the 12th week,2 plaques with moderate echo from each rabbit were chosen for in situ imaging,and 2 consecutive frames near the end-diastole images in situ were used to construct an IVUS elastogram.Cross-sectional external elastic membrane area (EEMare),lumen area (Lumenarea),plaque area (PA),PB,external elastic membrane volume (EEMvolume),lumen volume (Lumenvolume),plaque volume (PV),plaque volume burden (PVB),maximal plaque thickness (Tmax) and minimal plaque thickness (Tmin),eccentric index (EI),remodeling index (RI) and AS were measured and calculated,respectively.According to the PB,the plaques were divided into low PB group (PB≤40 %) and high PB group (PB> 40 %).The differences of all above parameters between the two groups were compared,and the relationship between the plaque morphological and mechanical parameters were analyzed.Results PA,PV,PB,PVB,Tmin,Tmax,Lumenarea,Lumenvolume and EI were different between the 2 groups (all P<0.01).On stepwise multiple regression analysis,the regression equation were built,(Y)=-6.921+10.430X1 +12.207X2((Y):AS,X1:EI,X2:PB,R2 =0.272,P<0.001).After eliminating the effect of EI on the AS,the lower PB group had obviously smaller AS than higher PB group (P =0.010).Conclusion The PB has effect on plaque mechanical stability.The plaques with higher burden are more vulnerable than those with lower burden.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620191

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the long-term outcomes of carotid endarterectomy versus carotid artery stenting for carotid stenosis.MethodsPubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane databases were retrieved.The randomized controlled trials of comparing CEA with CAS in patients with carotid artery stenosis were enrolled.The data such as the research basic characteristics and the long-term outcomes including stroke or death combined endpoints, any stroke or any death were extracted.The Stata software was used to conduct statistical analysis.ResultsA total of 7 randomized controlled trials and 8 210 patients were included.The median follow-up time was 2-7.4 years.The overall quality of the included studies was high and the risk of bias was low.The meta-analysis showed that the risks of the combined endpoint of stroke or death (hazard risk [HR] 1.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04-1.39), any stroke (HR 1.32, 95% CI 1.15-1.51) and ipsilateral stroke (HR 1.26, 95% CI 1.02-1.55) in the CAS group were significantly higher than those in the CEA group;the risks of death (HR 1.06, 95% CI 0.95-1.18), disabling stroke (HR 1.23, 95% CI 0.95-1.60), non-ipsilateral stroke (HR 1.12,95% CI 0.81-1.55) and restenosis (HR 1.18,95% CI 0.91-1.52) were not significantly different between between the CAS group and the CEA group.Conclusions CAS and CEA are associated with similar risks of long-term death, disabling stroke, non-ipsilateral stroke and restenosis.The risks of long-term combined endpoint of stroke or death, any stroke and ipsilateral stroke significantly higher with CAS.These results suggest that CEA remains the treatment of choice for carotid stenosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618538

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of eradication of helicobacter pylori (Hp) combined with comprehensive rehabilitation treat-ment on patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods From December, 2015 to April, 2016, 219 patients diagnosed as NAFLD with Hp infection were enrolled, in which 119 patients (observation group) were treated with anti Hp quadruple therapy. They were tested with 13C urea breath test one month after drug withdrawal. The other 100 patients were as control group. The severity of NAFLD was observed with abdominal ultrasound after six months. Results After treatment, Hp was eradicated in 107 cases (90.68%) in the observation group, one dropped out for pulmonary infection. After six months, the severity of NAFLD improved better in the patients eradicated Hp in the observation group than in the control group (χ2=8.397, P<0.05). Conclusion Eradication of Hp combined with comprehensive rehabilita-tion treatment can improve the severity of NAFLD.

15.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2083-2087, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617115

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of curcumin(Cur)on proliferation and apoptosis of human esophageal carcinoma drug-resistant cells Eca-109/VCR in vitro and in vivo. Methods The inhibitory effect of Cur on Eca-109/VCR was detected by CCK-8 method. The apoptosis rate of Eca-109/VCR cells after treatment with Cur was determined by flow cytometry. Eca-109/VCR xenografts were established in nude mice and inhibitory effect of Cur on xenografts was observed. HE staining was used to observe the morphological changes. Apoptosis was detect-ed by TUNEL. ELISA was used to measure Caspase-3,Caspase-8 and Caspase-9 expression in nude mice serum. Results Cur significantly inhibited the proliferation of Eca-109/VCR in a time and concentration-dependent man-ner and it could induce apoptosis of Eca-109/VCR. Cur significantly inhibited the growth of xenografts and a large number of necrosis existed in Cur group. Cur induced apoptosis in xenografts and the expression of Caspase-3,Cas-pase-8 and Caspase-9 in serum increased with the increase of Cur concentrations. Conclusion Cur could inhibit the growth of esophageal carcinoma xenografts in vitro and in vivo and its role might be up-regulating the expression of Caspase-3,Caspase-8 and Caspase-9 and associated with the apoptosis induction of drug-resistant esophageal carcinoma cells.

16.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1936-1938, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616872

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of ginkgo biloba extract(GBE)on c-reactive protein(CRP) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)in serum and alveolar lavage fluid(BALF)from rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD). Methods 90 rats were randomly divided into groups A,B,C,D,E and F. There were 15 rats in each group. The rat model of COPD were established in groups B,C,D,E and F. Groups C and D were given intraperitoneal injections with GBE from day l to day l4 and day 29 to day 42. Groups E and F weregiven intraperitoneal injections with erythromycin from day l to day l4 and day 29 to day 42. After the end of experi-ment ,the contents of CRP and TNF-α in serum and BALF were detected in all groups. Results The contents of CRP and TNF-α in the serum and the BALF were markedly lower in groups C,D,E and F than in group B (P<0.05);and the contents of CRP in the serum and the BALF and TNF-αin the BALF were lower in groups C, E and F than in group D(P<0.05). Conclusions GBE can inhibit the airway and systemic inflammatory response in COPD rats. Early intervention is more effective.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513153

ABSTRACT

Purpose To study the clinical features,pathological manifestation and immunohistochemical phenotype and improve the diagnosis and treatment of myoepithelial carcinoma in salivary glands.Methods Histomorphology and immunohistochemical phenotype were analyzed after the sections were stained with routine HE and immunohistochemical methods,and the relevant literatures were reviewed.Results The tumours were predominantly composed of pale-stained clear cells.In some cases,plasma-like cells,epithelioid cells and spindle cells were also seen.The cells were arranged in nest,solid or cords.Mitosis was easily seen,cytological atypia was obvious and necrosis existed in 4 cases.The results of immunohistochemical staining showed that CK was expressed in all cases.EMA was expressed in 8 cases.p63 and CK5/6 were expressed in 11 cases.S-100 was expressed in 10 cases.vimentin was expressed in 4 cases.Calponin was expressed in 2 cases.SMA was expressed in one case.The proliferation index of Ki-67 was 5% to 40%.Conclusion The histological changes of myoepithelial carcinoma cells are diverse,and pathological and immunohistochemical methods are helpful for improving the rate of right diagnosis.Sugery is the main treatment for myoepithelial carcinoma.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512882

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical value of uterine submucosal myoma classification by two dimensional and three-dimensional contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and surgical pathologic results.Methods The imaging data of ultrasonographic hysterography including 2D and 3D of 124 patients with uterine submucosal myoma were retrospectively analyzed,and the results were compared with the surgical pathologic results.The diagnostic accuracy of uterine submucosal myoma classification and the operation success rate of uterine submucosal myoma for Ⅰ grade by ultrasonographic hysterography including 2D and 3D were compared.Results The patients were diagnosed pathologically with 0,Ⅰ and Ⅱ grade of uterine submucosal myoma in 26 cases,52 cases,68 cases,respectively.The patients were diagnosed by 2D ultrasonic sonohysterography with 0 grade,Ⅰ grade and Ⅱ grade of uterine submucosal myoma in 26 cases,62 cases,58 cases,respectively.The patients were diagnosed by 3D ultrasonic sonohysterography with 0,Ⅰ and Ⅱ grade of uterine submucous myoma in 26 cases,52 cases,68 cases,respectively.For pathological results as thegold standard,the diagnostic sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of uterine submucosal myoma for 0 grade by 2D and 3D ultrasonic sonohysterography were all 100.00%.The diagnostic sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of uterine submucosal myoma for Ⅰ and Ⅱ grade by 2D ultrasonic sonohysterography were 92.32%,79.46%,85.00%,respectively.The diagnostic sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of uterine submucosal myoma for Ⅰ and Ⅱ grade by 3D ultrasonic sonohysterography were 96.24%,88.24%,91.76%,respectively.There were significant differences in the diagnostic sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of submucosal myoma of uterus for Ⅰ and Ⅱ grade by 2 D and 3 D ultrasonic sonohysterography (x2 =3.21,2.78,2.17,2.33,all P < 0.05).The patients diagnosed as uterine submucous myoma for 0 grade all underwent the hysteroscopic surgery for successful resection,while the patients with uterine submucous myoma for Ⅱ grade underwent laparoscopic surgery or open surgery.The operation success rates of uterine submucous myoma for Ⅰ grade by hysteroscopic surgery diagnosed by 2D and 3D ultrasonic sonohysterography were 75.81%,98.07%,respectively.The operation success rate of uterine submucous myoma for Ⅰ grade by hysteroscopic surgery diagnosed by 3D ultrasonic sonohysterography was significantly higher than that diagnosed by 2D ultrasonic sonohysterography (x2 =7.15,P < 0.05).Conclusion The accuracy of uterine submucosal myoma classification by 3D ultrasonographic hysterography is better than 2D ultrasonographic hysterography.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662135

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the relationship between plaque burden (PB) and area strain (AS) by intravascular ultrasonic elastography (IVUSE).Methods Forty purebred New Zealand rabbits were fed with a high-cholesterol diet.And the abdominal aorta endothelium was balloon-injured after 2 weeks.At the end of the 12th week,2 plaques with moderate echo from each rabbit were chosen for in situ imaging,and 2 consecutive frames near the end-diastole images in situ were used to construct an IVUS elastogram.Cross-sectional external elastic membrane area (EEMare),lumen area (Lumenarea),plaque area (PA),PB,external elastic membrane volume (EEMvolume),lumen volume (Lumenvolume),plaque volume (PV),plaque volume burden (PVB),maximal plaque thickness (Tmax) and minimal plaque thickness (Tmin),eccentric index (EI),remodeling index (RI) and AS were measured and calculated,respectively.According to the PB,the plaques were divided into low PB group (PB≤40 %) and high PB group (PB> 40 %).The differences of all above parameters between the two groups were compared,and the relationship between the plaque morphological and mechanical parameters were analyzed.Results PA,PV,PB,PVB,Tmin,Tmax,Lumenarea,Lumenvolume and EI were different between the 2 groups (all P<0.01).On stepwise multiple regression analysis,the regression equation were built,(Y)=-6.921+10.430X1 +12.207X2((Y):AS,X1:EI,X2:PB,R2 =0.272,P<0.001).After eliminating the effect of EI on the AS,the lower PB group had obviously smaller AS than higher PB group (P =0.010).Conclusion The PB has effect on plaque mechanical stability.The plaques with higher burden are more vulnerable than those with lower burden.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494900

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endovascular mechanical thrombectomy in patients with anterior circulation stroke. Methods PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane database, Clinical Trials and the related supplement resources were retrieved. The randomized controled trials for comparing intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular mechanical thrombectomy in patients with anterior circulation stroke were selected. The bias risk assessment was performed. The basic characteristics of studies and the clinical outcome data at day 90, including good outcome (defined as the modified Rankin scale score 0-2), death and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) were extracted. Review Manager 5.3 software was used to conduct the statistical analysis. Results A total of 10 articles were enroled, including 1 557 patients in the endovascular mechanical thrombectomy group and 1 359 in the intravenous thrombolysis group. The overal quality of the included trials was higher. The risk of bias was lower. The good outcome rate in the endovascular mechanical thrombectomy group was significantly higher than that in the intravenous thrombolysis group (odds ratio [ OR] 2. 15, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1. 34-3. 46; P < 0. 01). The death risk at day 90 was significantly lower than that in the intravenous thrombolysis group (OR 0. 86, 95% CI 0. 69-1. 06; P = 0. 16), and there was borderline statistical significance for the risk of sICH (OR 1. 35, 95% CI 1. 00- 1. 84; P = 0. 05 ). Conclusions The effectiveness of the endovascular mechanical thrombectomy is superior to the intravenous thrombolysis in patients with anterior circulation stroke;however, in terms of safety, further evaluation is needed.

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