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1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 407-411, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923208

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the status and association of anxiety, depression, tinnitus and sleep quality in patients with occupational noise-induced deafness(ONID). METHODS: A total of 302 ONID patients were selected as research subjects using judgment sampling method. Their status of anxiety, depression, tinnitus and sleep quality were investigated using questionnaires of Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Self-Rating Depression Scale, Tinnitus Handicap Inventory and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. RESULTS: Among the study subjects, there were 123 cases with no anxiety or depression, 46 cases with simple anxiety or depression, and 133 cases with combined anxiety and depression, accounting for 40.7%, 15.3% and 44.0%, respectively. The incidence of tinnitus and sleep disorder were 77.8%(235/302) and 48.0%(145/302), respectively. The total scores of tinnitus and sleep quality in simple anxiety or depression group were higher than those with no anxiety or depression(all P<0.01). The total scores of tinnitus and sleep quality in combined anxiety and depression group were higher than that with no anxiety and depression, and simple anxiety or depression group(all P<0.01). Among the research subjects, the incidence of tinnitus and sleep disorder from high to low were combined anxiety and depression group, simple anxiety or depression group, and no anxiety and depression group(tinnitus: 85.7% vs 76.1% vs 69.9%, sleep disturbance: 82.0% vs 37.0% vs 15.5%, all P<0.01). The standard scores of anxiety and depression in ONID patients were positively correlated with the total scores of tinnitus and sleep quality(correlation coefficients were 0.63, 0.72, 0.63, 0.69, all P<0.01). CONCLUSION: ONID patients can be accompanied by varying degrees of anxiety and depression. The existence of anxiety and depression may lead to increased tinnitus and decreased sleep quality in ONID patients.

2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 701-705, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of health education in the treatment of pneumoconiosis patients with bronchoalveoar lavage( BAL) during perioperative period. METHODS: Ninety-six pneumoconiosis patients treated with BAL in hospital were divided into observation group and control group( 48 cases in each group). The patients in the control group were given routine perioperative health education, and the patients in the observation group implemented perioperative health education in accordance with the health education pathway. Adverse reactions in hospital were collected,and the awareness of perioperative health knowledge of BAL was surveyed. RESULTS: Before implement of the health education pathway,there was no difference( P > 0. 05) in the health knowledge between the 2 groups. After implementation of the health education pathway,the awareness of health knowledge of observation group and control group were higher than that of the same group before implementation of the health education pathway( P < 0. 01). The awareness of 15 items of health knowledge was higher( P < 0. 05) and the incidences of intraoperative cough and postoperative low fever were lower in the observation group than in the control group( 4. 2% vs 25. 0%,2. 1% vs 16. 7%,P < 0. 05).CONCLUSION: Executing effective healthy education pathway in perioperative BAL is helpful to improve the knowledge of disease prevention and control in pneumoconiosis patients,and reduce the occurrence of adverse reactions during BAL.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264617

ABSTRACT

To study the microbiological contamination of kitchen dishcloths in Chinese housholds, 1010 'in-use' kitchen dishcloths were collected from residential premises in Beijing and Shanghai, and they were sent to the laboratory for microbiological quality analysis. The aerobic plate counts for dishcloths were 10-109 cfu/cm2 in the range of 150 cfu/cm2 to 1.776×109 cfu/cm2 (Beijing) and 62.5 cfu/cm2 to 8.75×108 cfu/cm2 (Shanghai). Nineteen species of bacteria were detected in the dishcloths, most of which were conditional pathogenic bacteria. This study found a significant difference in the aerobic plate counts of dishcloths with regard to type, number of the days used, activities used for, and some family factors. The findings of the study highlight the potential for contamination of kitchen dishcloths within homes.


Subject(s)
Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia , Diagnosis , Female , Hospitals , Humans , Mass Screening , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix , Diagnosis
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320371

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess and compare the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) detection efficiency and the potential clinical utility of PCR sequencing-based technology.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Four HPV consensus primer sets (GP5+/6+, MGP, MY09/11, and PGMY09/11) were used in order to amplify a broad spectrum of HPV types for HPV infection in 325 cervical samples and the PCR products were sequenced afterwards for the HPV genotyping.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The HPV-positive rate was 75.4%, of which 35.5% harbored more than one HPV genotype. A total of 36 different genotypes was found, with HPV 16 (24.1%) being the most prevalent, followed by HPV 58 (13.3%) and HPV 52 (9.6%). There were substantial to almost perfect agreements between different primer sets regarding HPV detection efficiency, with the kappa value varying from 0.751 to 0.925, MGP, and PGMY09/11 were the most effective in detecting multiple infections (P < 0.001). With each of the primer sets, a board range of HPV types could be identified, though there were several differences for a few genotypes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The substantial agreement between PCR-sequencing and HC2 for the detection of high-risk HPV (kappa=0.761) indicated that PCR-sequencing is also suitable for routine HPV screening.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Alphapapillomavirus , Genetics , Female , Genotype , Humans , Middle Aged , Papillomavirus Infections , Virology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Young Adult
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 937-940, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269323

ABSTRACT

Klinefelter’s syndrome (KS) is the most common sex chromosome disease in men. Classical features of the syndrome include a eunuchoidal body habitus, small testes and hypergonadotrophic hypogonadism. There has been an increased risk of diabetes mellitus and autoimmune disease for KS patients. This paper reports a case of KS in association with type 1 diabetes mellitus. The patient was a 21-year-old man, who has been confirmed by absolute insulin deficiency and positive IA-2 autoantibody. The hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp test indicated his insulin sensitivity in normal range, and his blood glucose was controlled well by the insulin therapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Diagnosis , Humans , Klinefelter Syndrome , Diagnosis , Male , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640509

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical features,diagnosis and treatment of serious pyogenic infection in deep neck. MethodsFrom January 2002 to April 2005,the clinical data of 22 patients hospitalized with serious pyogenic infection in deep neck were collected and retrospectively analysed. Results All the patients suffered unilaterally.Besides the symptoms of infection,dyspnea,pain in swallowing,limitation of mouth opening and progressive limitation of cervical activity were presented.Bacterial cultivation were performed in 14 patients and positive results were detected in six.Fourteen of all the 22 patients were cured with antibiotics,and abscess incision drainage was carried out in the other eight.Preoperative cervical PA-LAT X-ray photography and contrast-enhanced CT scanning were performed on one and seven patients,respectively,all of which indicated the formation of abscess.All the patients were cured except one who died of cerebral infarction and multiorgan dysfunction. Conclusion Imaging evaluation plays a significant role in the preoperative diagnosis and systemic treatment of serious pyogenic infection in deep neck.Bacterial cultivation provides reliable evidence for the etiopathogenisis and helps to make the effective treatment.

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