Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.141
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 124-127, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883677

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the situation of drinking water-borne endemic fluorosis (short for drinking water fluorosis) in Huangzhong, Ping'an and Ledu districts of Qinghai Province and operation status of water improvement projects, and to evaluate the effect of control measures.Methods:In historical drinking water fluorosis villages of Huangzhong, Ping'an and Ledu districts of Qinghai Province in 2018, the status of water improvement, the operation of water improvement projects and the content of water fluoride were investigated; the dental fluorosis of 8-12 years old children in all investigated villages was checked; 3 villages from 3 districts were selected, X-ray examination for skeletal fluorosis and urinary fluoride detection of adults over 25 years old of age were performed.Results:Eight-two historical drinking water fluorosis villages in 3 districts were investigated and all the villages had water improvement projects, in addition, the water improvement projects were operating normally, and the water fluoride content ranged from 0.10 to 0.37 mg/L, which were in line with the drinking water fluoride content standard (< 1.2 mg/L). Totally 2 503 children aged 8-12 years old were examined, the detection rate of dental fluorosis was 6.03% (151/2 503), the index of dental fluorosis was 0.13, the epidemic intensity was negative; the detection rates of dental fluorosis in 3 districts were 6.24% (129/2 068), 4.05% (7/173), 5.73% (15/262), respectively, reaching the control standard (< 30%), and the detection rate of dental fluorosis in 81 villages was less than 30%; 198 adults over 25 years old were examined, the detection rate of skeletal fluorosis was 5.05% (10/198), the geometric mean of urinary fluoride was 0.81 mg/L, and skeletal fluorosis cases were mainly in the age group over 40 years old, all of them were mild cases.Conclusions:The fluoride content in drinking water and the detection rate of children's dental fluorosis are all up to the control standard, and the condition of skeletal fluorosis is significantly reduced after the implementation of water improvement measures in Huangzhong, Ping'an and Ledu districts. It can be seen that the prevention and control of drinking water fluorosis in Huangzhong, Ping'an and Ledu districts have achieved good results, but later management and condition monitoring of water improvement projects should be strengthened to prevent the disease from rebounding.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1460-1465, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881282

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the composition-activity relationship of the antioxidant active component in essential oil of Lavandula angustifolia from Xinjiang. METHODS :Antioxidant activity of essential oil of L. angustifolia was evaluated with 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH)free radicals scavenging method. GC-MS combined with retention index were adopted to qualitatively analyze the compounds. The relationship of chemical components with antioxidant activity of essential oil of L. angustifolia was analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares analyses (PLS). The variable importance in projection (VIP>1)was used to screen the components which had great contribution to the elimination of DPPH free radical. RESULTS :The IC 50 values of essential oil in 9 batches of L. angustifolia from 3 different varieties was 4.82-9.88 mg/mL,IC50 of France blue was 6.66-8.58 mg/mL,IC50 of H- 701 and Xinxun- 4 were 4.82-7.73 mg/mL and 9.55-9.88 mg/mL,respectively. A total of 40 chemical components were identified of essentil oil in 9 batches of L. angustifolia . Results of PCA analysis showed that accumulative variance contribution rate of former 2 main components was 81.8%;9 batches of samples were divided into 3 regions, and different varieties were classified into one category ;the characteristic variable components of the essential oil of French blue samples were lavandulyl acetate corresponding to peak 32 and trans- β-ocimene corresponding to peak 9;the characteristic variable components of the essential oil of H- 701 samples were linalool corresponding to peak 16,linalyl acetate corresponding to peak 30 and terpinen- 4-ol corresponding to peak 21;the characteristic variable components of the essential oil of Xinxun- 4 samples were eucalyptol corresponding to peak 8,camphor corresponding to peak 18 and 2-borneol corresponding to peak 20. The compound with the greatest antioxidant activity was linalool corresponding to peak 16 (VIP=2.940 0),followed by terpenein- 4-ol corresponding to peak 21(VIP=2.863 1),caryophyllene corresponding to peak 35(VIP=2.570 8)and eucalyptol corresponding to peak 8(VIP=2.115 8). CONCLUSIONS :The essential oil of L. angustifolia has certain antioxidant activity ,and H- 701 sample has higher antioxidant activity. Linalool corresponding to peak 16 is the most important component of essential oil of L. angustifolia in eliminating DPPH free radical.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 13-29, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881122

ABSTRACT

Src homology containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP2) represents a noteworthy target for various diseases, serving as a well-known oncogenic phosphatase in cancers. As a result of the low cell permeability and poor bioavailability, the traditional inhibitors targeting the protein tyrosine phosphate catalytic sites are generally suffered from unsatisfactory applied efficacy. Recently, a particularly large number of allosteric inhibitors with striking inhibitory potency on SHP2 have been identified. In particular, few clinical trials conducted have made significant progress on solid tumors by using SHP2 allosteric inhibitors. This review summarizes the development and structure-activity relationship studies of the small-molecule SHP2 inhibitors for tumor therapies, with the purpose of assisting the future development of SHP2 inhibitors with improved selectivity, higher oral bioavailability and better physicochemical properties.

4.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 155-169, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880972

ABSTRACT

Hepatic resection represents the first-line treatment for patients with resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the 5-year recurrence rates of HCC after surgery have been reported to range from 50% to 70%. In this review, we evaluated the available evidence for the efficiency of adjuvant treatments to prevent HCC recurrence after curative liver resection. Antiviral therapy has potential advantages in terms of reducing the recurrence rate and improving the overall survival (OS) and/or disease-free survival of patients with hepatitis-related HCC. Postoperative adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization can significantly reduce the intrahepatic recurrence rate and improve OS, especially for patients with a high risk of recurrence. The efficacy of molecular targeted drugs as an adjuvant therapy deserves further study. Adjuvant adoptive immunotherapy can significantly improve the clinical prognosis in the early stage. Randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies evaluating adjuvant immune checkpoint inhibitors are ongoing, and the results are highly expected. Adjuvant hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy might be beneficial in patients with vascular invasion. Huaier granule, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been proved to be effective in prolonging the recurrence-free survival and reducing extrahepatic recurrence. The efficiency of other adjuvant treatments needs to be further confirmed by large RCT studies.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Hepatectomy , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Treatment Outcome
5.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 264-274, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880971

ABSTRACT

Patients with cancer are at increased risk of severe infections. From a cohort including 3060 patients with confirmed COVID-19, 109 (3.4%) cancer patients were included in this study. Among them, 23 (21.1%) patients died in the hospital. Cancer patients, especially those with hematological malignancies (41.6%), urinary carcinoma (35.7%), malignancies of the digestive system (33.3%), gynecological malignancies (20%), and lung cancer (14.3%), had a much higher mortality than patients without cancer. A total of 19 (17.4%) cancer patients were infected in the hospital. The clinical characteristics of deceased cancer patients were compared with those of recovered cancer patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that a Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS2002) score ⩾ 3 (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 11.00; 95% confidence interval (CI) 4.60-26.32; P < 0.001), high-risk type (adjusted HR 18.81; 95% CI 4.21-83.93; P < 0.001), tumor stage IV (adjusted HR 4.26; 95% CI 2.34-7.75; P < 0.001), and recent adjuvant therapy (< 1 month) (adjusted HR 3.16; 95% CI 1.75-5.70; P < 0.01) were independent risk factors for in-hospital death after adjusting for age, comorbidities, D-dimer, and lymphocyte count. In conclusion, cancer patients showed a higher risk of COVID-19 infection with a poorer prognosis than patients without cancer. Cancer patients with high-risk tumor, NRS2002 score ⩾ 3, advanced tumor stage, and recent adjuvant therapy (< 1 month) may have high risk of mortality.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Neoplasms , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880637

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disease with non-specific and various clinical manifestations, often leading to misdiagnosis. This study aims to raise the awareness of this disease via summarizing the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and therapy of PAP.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 25 hospitalized cases of PAP during 2008 and 2019 in the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine of the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University.@*RESULTS@#Cough with unkown reason and dyspnea were common clinical manifastations of PAP. Five patients had a history of occupational inhalational exposure. Sixteen patients had typical image features including ground-glass opacification of alveolar spaces and thickening of the interlobular and intralobular septa, in typical shapes called crazy-paving and geographic pattern. Fourteen patients underwent pulmonary function tests, revealing a reduction in the diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide. The positive rate of transbronchial biopsy was 95%. Five patients received the whole lung lavage and the symptoms and imaging fcauters significantly relieved after five-years follow-up.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PAP is characterized by radiographic pattern and pathology. Transbronchial lung biopsy is effective to make diagnosis of PAP. The whole lung lavage remains a efficient therapy.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Cough , Dyspnea , Humans , Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis/therapy , Retrospective Studies
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880489

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the antibacterial activity of patchouli alcohol (PA) against 127 bacteria strains, including the common bacteria and drug-resistant bacteria strains both in the in vitro and in vivo tests.@*METHODS@#For the in vitro trial, the antibacterial property of PA against 107 Gram-positive and 20 Gram-negative bacteria strains was screened by agar double dilution method. For the in vivo trial, specific pathogen free Kunming strain of both male and female white mice, were used to test the protective ability of PA after being injected with the median lethal dose of the tested strains.@*RESULTS@#PA possessed antibacterial activity against all the tested 127 strains. In the in vitro test, PA could inhibit both Gram-negative bacteria (25-768μg/mL) and Gram-positive bacteria (1.5-200μg/mL). Particularly, PA was active against some drug-resistant bacteria like methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). PA also exhibited in vivo anti-MRSA activity in mice via intraperitoneal injection. PA could protect mice entirely infected with MRSA at 100 and 200 mg/kg, while 80% mice injected with MRSA could be protected at a low dose of 50μg/mL.@*CONCLUSION@#PA might be a potential antibacterial drug from natural sources and might be worthy to explore its mechanism and application in further study.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816645

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Duodenal stump leakage (DSL) is a potentially fatal complication that can occur after gastrectomy, but its underlying risk factors are unclear. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors and management of DSL after laparoscopic radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer (GC).MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant data were collected from several prospective databases to retrospectively analyze the data of GC patients who underwent Billroth II (B-II) or Roux-en-Y (R-Y) reconstruction after laparoscopic gastrectomy from 2 institutions (Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, and HwaMei Hospital, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences). The DSL risk factors were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analysis regression.RESULTS: A total of 810 patients were eligible for our analysis (426 with R-Y, 384 with B-II with Braun). Eleven patients had DSL (1.36%). Body mass index (BMI), elevated preoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) level, and unreinforced duodenal stump were the independent risk factors for DSL. DSL was diagnosed in 2–12 days, with a median of 8 days. Seven patients received conservative treatment, 3 patients received puncture treatment, and only 1 patient required reoperation. All patients recovered successfully after treatment.CONCLUSIONS: The risk factors of DSL were BMI ≥24 kg/m², elevated preoperative CRP level, and unreinforced duodenal stump. Nonsurgical treatments for DSL are preferred.

9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 114-118, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787667

ABSTRACT

To investigate the safety and feasibility of longitudinal transpancreatic U-sutures invaginated pancreatojejunostomy (Chen's pancreaticojejunostomy technique) in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD). Clinical data of 116 consecutive patients who underwent LPD using Chen's pancreaticojejunostomy technique in Hunan Provincial People's Hospital from May 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 66 were males and 50 were females. The median age was 58 years old (32-84 yeas old). All 116 patients underwent pure laparoscopic whipple procedure with Child reconstruction method, using Chen's pancreaticojejunostomy technique. The intraoperative and postoperative data of patients were analyzed. All 116 patients underwent LPD successfully. The mean operative time was (260.3±33.5) minutes (200-620 minutes). The mean time of pancreaticojejunostomy was (18.2±7.6) minutes (14-35 minutes). The mean time of hepaticojejunostomy was (14.6±6.3) minutes (10-25 minutes). The mean time of gastrojejunostomy was (12.0±5.5) minutes (8-20 minutes). The mean estimated blood loss was (106.0±87.6) ml (20-800 ml). Postoperative complications were: 11.2%(13/116) of cases had postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), including 10.3% (12/116) of biochemical fistula and 0.9%(1/116) of grade B POPF, no grade C POPF occurred; 10.3%(12/116) had gastrojejunal anastomotic bleeding; 3.4%(4/116) had hepaticojejunal anastomotic fistula; 3.4%(4/116) had delayed gastric emptying; 4.3% (5/116) had localized abdominal infection; 12.1%(14/116) had pulmonary infection; postoperative mortality were 0(0/116) and 1.7%(2/116) within 30 days and 90 days, respectively. One patient died of massive abdominal bleeding secondary to Gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm rupture, the other patient died of extensive tumor recurrence and metastasis after surgery. Chen's pancreaticojejunostomy technique is safe and feasible for LPD.It is an option especially for surgeons who have not completed the learning curve of LPD.

10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): E001-E001, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782442

ABSTRACT

Novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) is a highly infectious disease, has a long incubation period and a variety of clinical manifestations, which has a significant impact on public health and life. Afterwards, scientific and standardized work processing during the epidemic is of great significance for prevention and control. In order to implement the central government's decision-making deployment and defeat the NCP as soon as possible, we had focused on the key points in the clinical work of general surgery according to latest relevant guidelines, literature and experience in epidemic prevention. Finally, we drafted the prevention and control strategies and recommendations to make a reference for medical staff of general surgery to fight NCP.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868933

ABSTRACT

With the development of technology and instruments, more and more giant liver tumors have been resected under laparoscopy. Compared with traditional approach hepatectomy, anterior hepatectomy is more suitable for laparoscopic resection of huge liver tumors, and it is also more in line with the " tumor-free principle" when it is used in the resection of liver malignant tumors. Our team summarized the experiences and lessons of laparoscopic hepatectomy and communicated with domestic and foreign experts to form a set of single center standardized process of laparoscopic anterior right hepatectomy, which is summarized as follows.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868580

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the inhibitory effect and mechanism of Metformin (Met) combined with irradiation in CT26WT cell lines or mouse models with transplanted tumors.Methods CT26WT cell line was treated with 0.5 μmol/L,1.0 μmol/L,5.0 μmol/L and 10.0 μmol/L Met,and CellTiter Glo kit was used to detect the inhibitory effect of Met at different concentrations on the viability of CT26WT cells.CT26WT cell line was treated with the control,Met (10 pmol/L),15 Gy irradiation and 15 Gy irradiation+Met (10 μmol/L).Clone formation assay was employed to detect the cell proliferation activity.Bablc mouse models of transplanted tumors (tumor size> 150 mm3) were established and randomly divided into the control,15 Gy irradiation,Met and 15Gy irradiation+Met groups.Mice were given with 750 mg/kg Met at 24 h before irradiation.Transplanted tumor volume was measured regularly to delineate the growth curve of transplanted tumors and survival curve.The expression levels of P-H2AX and Sting proteins in CT26WT cells and transplanted tumors were detected by Western blot.The infiltration of CD8a (+) T cells in transplanted tumor tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry.Results The relative cell survival rate was 100%,87.9%,87.8%,87.3% and 76.5% in the 0,0.5,1.0,5.0 and 10.0μmol/L Met groups,respectively (all P<0.05).The inhibitory effect of 10.0 μmol/L was significantly stronger than that of 5.0 μmol/L (P<0.001).The colone formation rate 34.0%,24.0%,22.3% and 14.0% in the control,Met,15 Gy irradiation,Met+ 15Gy irradiation groups,respectively (all P<0.001).Western blot showed that compared with the control group,the expression of Sting protein was increased by 2.99-fold after Met treatment (P<0.001),and increased by 1.37-fold and 4.41-fold in the 15 Gy irradiation and 15Gy irradiation+Met groups (both P<0.01).Compared with the 15 Gy irradiation group,the expression of P-H2AX protein was significantly increased by 1.43 times after treatment with 15Gy+Met (P<0.001).The transplanted tumor growth curve showed that the transplanted tumor growth in the 15 Gy+Met group was slower than that in the control group[(1007.0± 388.5) mm3 vs.(2639.0± 242.9) mm3,P< 0.05)].The overall survival time in the 15 Gy irradiation+Met group was 48 d,significantly longer than 32 d in the control group (P<0.001).Compared with the control group,the expression of P-H2AX and Sting proteins in the 15 Gy+ Met group was increased by 8.8-fold and 1.6-fold (both P<0.001).Immunohistochemical staining showed that the infiltration of CD8a (+) T cells in the 15 Gy irradiation+Met group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.01).Conclusions Met combined with radiotherapy can inhibit the proliferation and clone formation of colon cancer cells,probably by aggravating DNA damage and activating the Sting signaling pathway,eventually leading to the increase of CD8a (+) T cells in tumor tissues and enhancing the killing effect upon transplanted tumor cells.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1461-1463,1467, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867420

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors, severity of symptoms, acute exacerbations, and pulmonary function in women with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods:A total of 4 204 COPD patients, including 533 female COPD patients and 3 671 male COPD patients, were investigated from January 2017 to December 2019 in Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Hunan Prevention and Treatment Institute for Occupational Disease, affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical College and Guilin Second People's hospital. The risk factors, severity of symptoms, risk of acute exacerbation and clinical characteristics of pulmonary function in patients with COPD were comprehensively analyzed.Results:There was no statistical difference in age between male and female COPD patients ( P>0.05). There were statistically significant differences in smoking history, occupational exposure history and biofuel exposure history ( P<0.001), among which smoking history and occupational exposure history were significantly higher in males than in females ( P<0.001), and exposure history of biofuels was significantly higher in females than in males ( P<0.001). The COPD assessment test (CAT) score of male and female patients was statistically different ( P<0.05), and the mean CAT score of female patients was higher than that of male patients. The modified medical research council dyspnea scale (mMRC) grading results of male and female patients were statistically different ( P<0.05), and the mMRC grading of female patients was higher than that of male patients. There was no statistical difference in the risk of acute exacerbation between male and female patients ( P>0.05). There were statistically significant differences between male and female patients in first second exertional volume as a percentage of predicted value (FEV 1%) and forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity (FEV 1/FVC) mean value ( P<0.001), and FEV 1% predicted value and FEV 1/FVC of female patients were better than that of male patients. Conclusions:The risk factors, symptom severity and pulmonary function of female patients with COPD are different from those of male patients, providing reference for the individualized treatment of female patients with COPD.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1452-1456, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867418

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical differences between smokers and non-smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods:The clinical data of 5 183 COPD patients, including 3 688 smoking COPD patients and 1 495 non-smoking patients, were collected from the respiratory and critical medicine clinics of 12 Grade-A hospitals in Hunan Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Prefecture from December 2016 to December 2019. The general condition, clinical symptoms, acute exacerbation history and pulmonary function of the two groups were compared.Results:⑴ Non-smokers were more likely to be female, to be younger and had a lower educational level ( P<0.05). There was no difference of body mass index (BMI) and marriage statue between two groups ( P>0.05). ⑵ Clinical features: the incidence of chest distress in non-smoking COPD patients was higher than that in smoking COPD patients (86.8% and 81.4%, respectively), and the incidence of asthma was also higher than that of smoking COPD patients (86.0% and 83.1%, respectively), with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of cough and expectoration between the two groups ( P>0.05). The COPD assessment test (CAT) score of non-smoking COPD patients was significantly higher than that of smoking group (16.2±6.4) and (15.7± 6.5) ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the score of dyspnea modified medical research council dyspnea scale (mMRC) and the risk of acute exacerbation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The first second exertional volume as a percentage of predicted value (FEV 1%) and forced vital capacity (FVC) of non-smoking COPD patients were higher than those of smoking COPD patients ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared to smokers with COPD, non-smokers more are more likely to be female and have more severe clinical symptoms.

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1445-1448, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867416

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) complicated with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is becoming more and more common. The coexistence of two diseases brings difficulty to the control of the disease. Smoking, biofuel exposure, vitamin D deficiency and diabetes may be common risk factors for both diseases. Complementary prevention and control strategies can be designed for the above risk factors. This article contains review with tuberculosis as a risk factor for COPD, COPD combined with tuberculosis, and the prevention strategies for both diseases.

16.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1441-1444, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867415

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common, preventable and treatable disease that is characterized by persistent respiratory symptoms and airflow limitation due to airway and/or alveolar abnormalities usually caused by significant exposure to noxious particles or gases. In addition to smoking COPD caused by cigarette smoke, the phenotype of non-smoking COPD accounts for at least 1/4. Non-smoking COPD accounts for a large proportion, especially in developing countries. Non-smoking COPD and smoking COPD should be paid equal attention. More in-depth study on the prognosis of non-smoking COPD is needed.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the epidemic status of drinking brick-tea type fluorosis in Haibei Prefecture, Qinghai Province, and to provide evidence for future targeted intervention measures.Methods:In 2018, according to the historical prevalence of drinking brick-tea type fluorosis in Haibei Prefecture, in Haiyan, Menyuan, Qilian, Gangcha counties, based on the classification of pastoral area, agricultural area, semi-agricultural and semi-pastoral areas, one township (town) was selected, and one natural village was selected in each township (town) as a survey site. Drinking water samples of local residents were collected, water fluorine content was detected; and 10 households in Haiyan and Menyuan counties were selected, respectively, 100 brick-tea samples of different brands were collected, brick-tea fluorine content was detected. At the same time, dental fluorosis was examined in all children aged 8 to 12 years old in survey sites; and X-ray of skeletal fluorosis was examined in all adults aged 26 - 55 years old in Haiyan and Menyuan counties, urine samples were collected from adults at random for 1 time and urine fluorine content was detected. Water fluorine, brick-tea fluorine, and urine fluorine contents were detected by ion selective electrode method; the diagnosis of dental fluorosis was based on "Diagnosis of Dental Fluorosis" (WS/T 208-2011), and the diagnosis of skeletal fluorosis was based on "Diagnostic Criteria for Endemic Skeletal Fluorosis" (WS 192-2008).Results:The mean of fluorine of the 10 water samples was 0.33 mg/L (0.20 - 0.84 mg/L). The mean of fluorine of the 100 brick-tea samples was 750 mg/kg (230 - 1 660 mg/kg), and the mean of daily fluorine intake from brick-tea of each person was 1.87 mg. The detection rate of dental fluorosis in children was 22.56% (217/962), and the dental fluorosis index was 0.42. The detection rate of skeletal fluorosis in adults was 6.88% (24/349); and the geometric mean of urine fluorine was 1.53 mg/L (0.20 - 20.60 mg/L).Conclusion:In Haibei Prefecture, residents are still affected by drinking brick-tea type fluorosis, which needs to be paid attention to.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865919

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the digital network platform construction of morpghology of laboratory medicine and its effects on clinical teaching.Methods:Laboratory morphological inspection pictures of peripheral blood, bone marrow slices, urinary sediments, parasites, secretions, cavity effusion, medical microorganisms and chromosome specimens were collected to build a digital network platform for online learning, practical training, and examination by applying Authorware multimedia software, Access database, and Web interface. Afterwards thirty interns on laboratory medicine were randomized into two groups: traditional teaching group and software teaching group for morphological assay examination. The differences in theoretical scores, exam time, practical operation scores, and satisfaction rates between two groups were statistically analyzed by t test and Pearson Chi-square test using SPSS 13.0. Results:The software teaching group showed significantly higher theoretical and practical scores [(88.0 ± 6.4); (85.3 ± 7.1)] than traditional teaching group [(76.3±8.1); (80.3±7.9)] (both P=0.000 1), and its theoretical exam time [(93.7 ± 10.5) minutes] was significantly shorter than traditional teaching group [(115.8±16.2) minutes] ( P=0.033 8). The questionnaire survey results showed that software teaching group showed higher satisfaction rates in the aspect of teaching content systematization, diversity of teaching methods, clinical learning interest and fairness of assessment than traditional teaching group, with statistical significance ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The software teaching model could improve quality and efficiency in teaching morphological assay, enhance students' learning autonomy and professional skills, and provide a powerful platform to adapt to vocational innovation of laboratory medicine education.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865757

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of virtual-simulation laparoscopic training system in the training of basic skills of endoscopic surgery in trainees with different clinical experience.Method:s Eight refresher physicians, eight residents who received standardized residency training, and eight undergraduate interns in five-year clinical medicine were selected. All of them received the training of endoscopic operations with the laparoscopic training box and the virtual-simulation laparoscopic training system for 30 minutes every day for 4 weeks. Data analyses were performed using SPSS 19.0 and t-test was adopted to compare the scores before and after training among the three groups.Result:s Before training, there were significant differences in endoscopic operations between the undergraduate intern group and the other two groups ( P<0.05); after 4 weeks of training, all three groups had significant increases in the scores and spent less time on training items ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in simple operations among the three groups ( P>0.05), and the undergraduate intern group had a significantly higher score of complex operations than did the standardized residency training group and the refresher physician group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The virtual-simulation laparoscopic training system can improve the laparoscopic skills of clinical trainees at different levels, therefore, it is worth being promoted in the teaching of clinical skills.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865161

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound and gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI) in the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:The clinically diagnostic test was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 274 lesions in 250 patients with liver neoplasms who were admitted to the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University from January 2017 to December 2018 were collected. There were 204 males and 46 females, aged (52±11)years, with a range from 22 to 78 years. Patients underwent contrast-enhanced ultrasound and Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, and they received surgical resection or biopsy within one month. Images was read and analyzed by two senior radiologists for diagnosis. Observation indicators: (1) imaging features of contrast-enhanced ultrasound and Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, including ① imaging features of contrast-enhanced ultrasound, ② imaging features of Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, ③ enhanced imaging manifestation in different phases of 223 HCC lesions; (2) dignostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound, Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, or the combined examinations for HCC diagnosis, including ① sensitivity, specificity and accuracy rate of the three methods for HCC diagnosis and ② sensitivity, specificity and accuracy rate of the three methods for HCC diagnosis in lesions with different diameters. Count data were represented as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. With the pathological examination as the golden criteria of diagnosis, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy rate of the contrast-enhanced ultrasound, Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, or the combined examinations for HCC diagnosis were calculated.Results:(1) Imaging features of contrast-enhanced ultrasound and Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI. ① Imaging features of contrast-enhanced ultrasound: of the 223 HCC lesions on contrast-enhanced ultrasound, 167 lesions were accorded with fast in fast out of HCC, 7 were missed diagnosed and 49 were misdiagnosed. Of the 51 non-HCC lesions on contrast-enhanced ultrasound, 7 lesions were accorded with fast in fast out, including 3 of combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma, 2 of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, 1 of neuroendocrine tumor, 1 of inflammatory granuloma, 44 lesions were no fast in fast out. ② Imaging features of Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI: of the 223 HCC lesions on Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, 178 lesions were accorded with fast in fast out of HCC, 1 was missed diagnosed and 44 were misdiagnosed. Of the 51 non-HCC lesions on Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, 5 lesions were accorded with fast in fast out, inlcuding 2 of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, 1 of combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma, 1 of neuroendocrine tumor, 1 of inflammatory granuloma, 46 lesions were no fast in fast out. ③ Enhanced imaging manifestation in different phases of 223 HCC lesions. In arterial phase, 92.83%(207/223) of the lesions displayed hyper-enhanced on contrast-enhanced ultrasound, and 80.72%(180/223) of the lesions displayed hyper-enhanced on Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, showing a significant difference ( χ2=14.240, P<0.05). In portal vein phase or late phase, 78.48%(175/223) of the lesions displayed hypo-enhanced on contrast-enhanced ultrasound, and 96.41%(215/223) of the lesions displayed hypo-enhanced on Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, showing a significant difference ( χ2=32.674, P<0.05). On Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, 96.41%(215/223) of the lesions displayed low signals in portal-vein phase or late phase, and 98.21%(219/223) of the lesions displayed low signals in hepatobiliary phase, showing no significant difference ( χ2=1.370, P>0.05). (2) Dignostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound, Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, or the combined examinations for HCC diagnosis. ① Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy rate of the three methods for HCC diagnosis: the sensitivities of contrast-enhanced ultrasound, Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, or the combined examinations for HCC diagnosis were 74.89%(167/223), 79.82%(178/223), 94.62%(211/223), respectively. The specificities of contrast-enhanced ultrasound, Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, or the combined examinations for HCC diagnosis were 86.27%(44/51), 90.20%(46/51), 80.39%(41/51). The accuracy rates of contrast-enhanced ultrasound, Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, or the combined examinations for HCC diagnosis were 77.01%(211/274), 81.75%(224/274), 91.97%(252/274). There were significant differences in the sensitivity and accuracy rate among the three methods ( χ2=33.499, 23.345, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the specificity among the three methods ( χ2=2.017, P>0.05). ② Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy rate of the three methods for HCC diagnosis in lesions with different diameters: 128 of 274 lesions had the maximun diameter>3 cm and ≤5 cm, 92 lesions had the maximun diameter >2 cm and ≤3 cm, 54 lesions had the maximun diameter≤ 2 cm. The sensitivities of contrast-enhanced ultrasound for HCC diagnosis in lesions with the maximun diameter>3 cm and ≤5 cm, >2 cm and ≤3 cm, ≤2 cm were 81.19%(82/101), 76.92%(60/78), 56.82%(25/44), the specificities were 92.59%(25/27), 71.43%(10/14), 90.00%(9/10), and the accuracy rates were 83.59%(107/128), 76.09%(70/92), 62.96%(34/54), respectively. The sensitivities of Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI for HCC diagnosis in lesions with the maximun diameter>3 cm and ≤5 cm, >2 cm and ≤3 cm, ≤2 cm were 83.17%(84/101), 79.49%(62/78), 72.73%(32/44), the specificities were 96.30%(26/27), 85.71%(12/14), 80.00%(8/10), and the accuracy rates were 85.94%(110/128), 80.43%(74/92), 74.07%(40/54), respectively. The sensitivities of contrast-enhanced ultrasound combined with Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI for HCC diagnosis in lesions with the maximun diameter>3 cm and ≤5 cm, >2 cm and ≤3 cm, ≤2 cm were 95.05%(96/101), 96.15%(75/78), 90.91%(40/44), the specificities were 92.59%(25/27), 57.14%(8/14), 80.00%(8/10), and the accuracy rates were 94.53%(121/128), 90.22%(83/92), 88.89%(48/54), respectively. There were significant differences in the sensitivities for HCC diagnosis in lesions with the maximun diameter>3 cm and ≤5 cm, >2 cm and ≤3 cm, ≤2 cm among the three methods ( χ2=9.703, 12.777, 13.142, P<0.05). There were also significant differences in the accuracy rates ( χ2=8.051, 6.600, 9.826, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the specificies ( P>0.05). Conclusions:There was no significant difference in the dignostic performance for HCC diagnosis between contrast-enhanced ultrasound and Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, and the combination of contrast-enhanced ultrasound and Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI can improve the diagnostic sensitivity and accuracy rate of HCC.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL