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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 45-51, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935901

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effects of artesunate (Art) and fuzheng huayu decoction on mitochondrial autophagy in the treatment of schistosomiasis liver fibrosis. Methods: Eighty C57BL/6 female mice were randomly divided into healthy control group, infection group, Art treatment group and Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group, with 20 mice in each group. Mice in the infection group and treatment group were infected with 16 Schistosoma japonicum cercariae. After 6 weeks, praziquantel (300 mg/kg) was used for 2 days to kill the worms. The Art treatment group was treated with intraperitoneal injection of 100 mg/kg/day, while the Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group was fed 16g of fuzheng huayu decoction per 1kg per day. After 6 weeks, fresh liver tissues of the four groups were collected. Masson staining and Western blot were used to observe the succinate dehydrogenase subunit A (SDHA) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH2), citrate synthase (CS), ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (OGDH), and target of rapamycin 1 (mTORC1) pathway involved in mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid cycle in liver tissues. The relative expression levels of adenylate activated protein kinase (AMPK) and mitochondrial autophagy pathway kinase (PINK1) were detected. Liver tissue samples were extracted from each group to detect the mitochondrial oxygen consumption rate. Two-way ANOVA was used to compare the significance and difference between two sets of samples. Results: Masson staining showed that the infection group mice had significantly higher liver fibrosis area than the healthy control group, while the Art treatment group and Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group mice had lower liver fibrosis area than the infection group. Western blot analysis showed that the infection group (0.82 ± 0.05) had significantly lower relative expression of SDHA protein than the healthy control group (1.00 ± 0.05) (t = 11.23, P = 0.0035), while the Art treatment group (0.73 ± 0.05) had significantly higher relative expression of SDHA protein than the infection group (t = 10.79, P = 0.0073). However, there was no significant change in Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group (0.98±0.05) (t = 1.925, P = 0.1266). The relative expression of p-AMPK protein was significantly higher in the infection group (1.15 ±0.05) than in the healthy control group (0.98 ± 0.07, t = 12.18, P = 0.0029), and the expression of p-AMPK in the Art treatment group (0.50 ± 0.05) was significantly lower than the infection group (t = 11.78, P = 0.0032). The relative protein expression of AMPK was significantly lower in the infection group (0.80 ± 0.05) than in the healthy control group (1.00 ± 0.05, t = 10.53, P = 0.0046). The expression of AMPK was significantly lower in the Art treatment group (0.54 ± 0.05) than in the infection group (T = 13.98, P = 0.0036). The relative expression of p-mTORC1 protein (0.93 ± 0.08) was not significantly different in the infection group than in the healthy control group (t = 2.28, P = 0.065), while the Art treatment group (0.63 ± 0.05) had significantly lower relative expression of p-mTORC1 protein than the infection group (t = 10.58, P = 0.029). The expression of p-mTORC1/ m-TORC1 was not significantly different in the infection group (0.98 ± 0.03) than in the healthy control group (0.97 ± 0.03, t = 0.98, P = 0.085), while the Art treatment group (0.63 ± 0.05) had significantly lower relative expression of p-mTORC1/ m-TORC1 than the infection group (t = 14.58, P = 0. 009). The relative protein expression of PINK1 was significantly lower in the infection group (0.55 ± 0.05) than in the healthy control group (1.00 ± 0.03, t = 13.49, P = 0.0011), while the Art treatment group (1.21 ± 0.05, t = 9.98, P = 0.0046) and Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group (1.31 ±0.35, t = 6.98, P = 0.027) had significantly higher relative protein expression of PINK1 than the infection group. Mitochondrial function tests showed that after adding substrate complex II, the oxygen consumption of the infection group was lower than the healthy control group, while the Art treatment group and the Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group had higher oxygen consumption than the infection group. The oxygen consumption was significantly lower after adding the substrate complex III in the infection group than the healthy control group, while the Art treatment group and Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group had higher oxygen consumption than the infection group. Conclusion: Art can alleviate schistosomiasis liver fibrosis by inhibiting AMPK/mTORC1 signaling pathway activity and enhancing mitochondrial oxygen consumption, autophagy and SDHA expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Artesunate , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Female , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mitochondria , Schistosomiasis
2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 134-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935657

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and genotype of PROS1 gene related hereditary protein S deficiency (PSD) with the onset of pulmonary embolism in children. Methods: A family with pulmonary embolism was diagnosed as hereditary PSD in the Department of Pediatrics of Peking University First Hospital in November 2020, and the clinical data, including clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, imaging and genetic results, were collected for a retrospective research. The family members were also screened for protein S activity and PROS1 gene mutations. A literature search with "PROS1" "protein S deficiency" "homozygous" and "complex heterozygous" as key words was conducted at PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform (up to October 2021). Case reports of patients with PROS1 gene homozygous or complex heterozygous variants and related clinical features, protein S activity, and genotype were reviewed and analyzed. Results: The proband, a 14-year-old girl, was admitted to the hospital for a 9-day history of coughing and a 4-day history of chest pain in November 2020. After admission, laboratory tests showed that D-dimer was 8.38 mg/L (reference:<0.24 mg/L). An urgent CT pulmonary angiography confirmed bilateral pulmonary embolism and right lower pulmonary infarction, while an ultrasonography showed deep vein thrombosis in her left leg. Further examination revealed that protein S activity was less than 10%. The proband's second sister, a 12-year-old girl, was admitted to the hospital in December 2020. Her protein S activity was 8% and an ultrasonography showed deep vein thrombosis in her right leg. The protein S activity of the proband's father and mother were 36% and 26%, respectively. Trio-whole-exome sequencing detected compound heterozygous PROS1 gene variants (c.-168C>T and c.200A>C (p.E67A)) for the proband and her second sister, that were inherited from her father and mother, respectively. The proband's third sister's protein S activity was 28%; she and the proband's grandfather both carried c.200A>C (p.E67A) variants. The proband and her younger sister were treated with rivaroxaban and responded well during the 3-month follow-up. A total of 1 Chinese report in literature and 18 English literature were retrieved and 14 patients with protein S deficiency caused by homozygous or complex heterozygous variants of PROS1 gene were enrolled, including 8 male and 6 female patients. The ages ranged from 4 days to 35 years. Three patients experienced fulminant purpura or severe intracranial hemorrhage in early neonatal-period, while the remaining 11 patients developed venous thromboembolism in adolescence. Protein S activity was examined in 11 patients, and all showed less than 10% of activity. Missense variants was the most common type of gene variants. Conclusions: For children with pulmonary embolism, if there are no clear risk factors for thrombosis, hereditary protein S deficiency should be considered, and protein S activity should be examined before oral anticoagulant drugs. If protein S activity is less than 10%, protein S deficiency caused by homozygous or complex heterozygous variants should be considered.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pedigree , Protein S/genetics , Protein S Deficiency/genetics , Pulmonary Embolism/genetics , Retrospective Studies
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 570-576, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940890

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of lipid regulating therapy on carotid atherosclerotic plaque in diabetic patients. Methods: The REACH study, conducted between March 2009 and February 2012, enrolled asymptomatic patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmed carotid atherosclerotic plaque, who had never taken lipid-lowering drugs. Patients were treated with a moderate dose of rosuvastatin for 24 months. Blood lipid levels were measured and carotid MRI was performed at baseline, 3 and 24 months after treatment. The volume of carotid wall and lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC) were measured by image analysis software. This study retrospectively analyzed patients in the REACH study. Patients were divided into diabetes group and non-diabetic group. The changes of blood lipid level and MRI parameters of carotid atherosclerotic plaque were compared between the two groups and their correlation was analyzed. Results: A total of 38 patients with carotid atherosclerotic plaque were included in this study, including 13 patients (34.2%) in the diabetic group and 25 patients (65.8%) in the non-diabetic group. Baseline parameters were comparable between the two groups, except higher HbA1c level in diabetes group (P<0.05). Compared with baseline, the total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglyceride (TG) levels were significantly decreased at 3 and 24 months in both two groups (P<0.05). The change of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in diabetes group was not obvious, while it was significantly increased in non-diabetic group at 24 months ((1.38±0.33) mmol/l vs. (1.26±0.26) mmol/l, P<0.05). MRI results showed that the volume and percentage of LRNC remained unchanged at 3 months, slightly decreased at 24 months (64.86 (45.37, 134.56) mm3 vs. 75.76 (48.20, 115.64) mm3, P>0.05) and (15.84% (11.47%, 24.85%) vs. 16.95% (11.64%, 22.91%), P>0.05) in diabetic group. In non-diabetic group, the volume and percentage of LRNC were significantly decreased at 3 months (63.01 (44.25, 188.64) mm3 vs. 72.49 (51.91, 199.59) mm3, P<0.05) and (13.76% (8.81%, 27.64%) vs. 16.04% (11.18%, 27.05%), P<0.05) respectively. Both parameters further decreased to (55.63 (27.18, 179.40) mm3) and (12.71% (8.39%, 24.41%)) at 24 months (both P<0.05). Wall volume, lumen volume and percent wall volume (PWV) were not affected post therapy in both two groups(P>0.05). There were no correlations between the changes of plaque parameters including volume and percentage of LRNC, wall volume, lumen volume, PWV and the changes of blood lipid parameters (TC, LDL-C, HDL-C and TG) in 3 and 24 months (P>0.05). Conclusion: Lipid-lowering therapy possesses different effects on carotid atherosclerotic plaque in diabetic and non-diabetic patients, and the LRNC improvement is more significant in non-diabetic patients as compared to diabetic patients.


Subject(s)
Carotid Arteries/pathology , Carotid Artery Diseases/drug therapy , Cholesterol, HDL/therapeutic use , Cholesterol, LDL , Diabetes Mellitus , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Necrosis/pathology , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Rosuvastatin Calcium/therapeutic use
4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 564-571, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941319

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To analyze the incidence, blood lipid levels and cardiovascular disease of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) in dyslipidemia patients receiving lipid-lowing therapy from the DYSIS-China. Methods: Dyslipidemia International Study-China (DYSIS-China) database was re-analyzed according to the criteria of "Chinese guidelines for prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia in adults-2016 version". DYSIS-China database included 25 317 dyslipidemia out-patients who received at least one lipid-lowering drug for at least three months. All the patients were divided into three groups: unlikely HF, possible FH and definite FH according to the Dutch Lipid Clinic Network diagnostic criteria. Age, gender, lipids levels, drug use and complications were compared among the three groups. Factors were compared between Possible FH group and definite FH group in terms of age stratification. Results: A total of 23 973 patients with dyslipidemia were included. The average age was (64.8±9.9) years, 11 757 patients were females (49.0%). The proportion of unlikely FH in the total population was 20 561 (85.7%), possible FH was 3294 (13.7%), and the definite FH was 118(0.5%). Patients in the definite FH group (58.3±8.5 years) was younger than in unlikely HF(65.3±9.8 years) and possible FH(61.8±9.9 years) group. LDL-C ((5.6±1.9) mmol/L) levels were significantly higher in definite FH group than in unlikely HF ((2.5±0.9) mmol/L) and possible FH ((4.3±1.0) mmol/L) group. TC ((7.4±1.8) mmol/L) levels were also significantly higher in definite FH group than in unlikely HF ((4.3±1.0) mmol/L) and possible FH ((6.0±1.0) mmol/L) group. Percent of female sex, sedentary lifestyle and systolic blood pressure value were significantly higher in definite FH group than in other two groups (all P<0.05). Statin use was similar among the 3 groups. Prevalence of ischemic cardiomyopathy (70(59.3%)) was significantly higher in the definite FH group than in unlikely FH group7519 (36.6%) and possible FH group1149 (34.9%). The rate of hypertension (82 (69.5%)) was also significantly higher in the definite FH group than in unlikely FH group (2 063 (62.6%) and in possible FH group (13 928 (67.7%)). The possible FH group had the highest proportion of patients aged 55-64 years (1 146 (34.8%)), and the prevalence of hypertension 358 (76.8%), diabetes 189 (40.6%), ischemic heart disease 186 (39.9%), cerebrovascular disease 149 (32.0%) and heart failure 28 (6.0%) was the highest in patients over 75 years old. The definite FH group had the highest proportion of patients aged 55-64 years (49 (41.52%)), and the prevalence of ischemic heart disease (70 (59.3%)) was the highest in patients aged 45-54 years old group, there was no significant difference in the prevalence of diabetes,hypertension,heart failure,peripheral artery disease and cerebrovascular disease among different age groups. Conclusion: The detection rate of FH in Chinese patients with dyslipidemia is not low, the blood lipid level is poorly controlled, and the risk of cardiovascular disease is high in Chinses FH patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , China/epidemiology , Cholesterol, LDL , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II/epidemiology , Lipids , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Risk Factors
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878909

ABSTRACT

Oscillating chemical fingerprint is a nonlinear dynamic fingerprint technology that reflects the overall redox activity of the entire system based on potential-time changes in multi-stage chemical reactions. This article summarizes the application of oscillating chemical fingerprint technology combined with mathematical analysis method in the qualitative and quantitative analysis of traditional Chinese medicine and food in recent years, including similarity analysis, principal component analysis, cluster analysis and other qua-litative analysis methods, as well as linear, logarithmic, exponential, polynomial, multivariate analysis and other quantitative analysis methods, so as to provide meaningful information for further quality control analysis of the oscillation chemical fingerprint technology in the field of traditional Chinese medicine and food.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Food , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Principal Component Analysis , Quality Control
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827934

ABSTRACT

A new method for qualitative and quantitative analysis of Rhodobryum giganteum by using the nonlinear oscillating chemical was established for improving the quality control standard of R. giganteum. Its potential(E)/time(t) curve was recorded by electrochemical workstation in the oscillation reaction system of BrO~-_3-Ce(SO_4)_2-H_2SO_4-malonic acid/tartaric acid. The nonlinear oscillating chemical fingerprints were investigated for repeatability, and it was found that the RSD values of the four characteristic parameters of R. giganteum were less than 4.1%, indicating a good repeatability and high precision of this experiment. After optimizing the experimental parameters such as particle size, rotation speed and temperature, a new method based on nonlinear oscillating chemical was used for qualitative and quantitative analysis of R. giganteum. The results showed that there was a good linear relationship between the induction time/the period of oscillation and the dosage of herbs(0.1-1.1 g), with the relative coefficients of 0.978 and 0.975, respectively. Besides, the highest potential showed a nonlinear relationship with the dosage of herbs, with the relative coefficient of 0.999. This method was also used to discriminate the R. giganteum and R. roseum. They were similar in appearance, but their fingerprints were quite different. Independent sample t test results showed that there were significant differences in the oscillation time, the maximum amplitude and the induction time, providing a basis for the identification of the basic sources of Herba Rhodobryi Rasei.


Subject(s)
Quality Control
7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 532-538, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827033

ABSTRACT

ATP is an important energy source for cells. Traditionally, intracellular ATP levels are believed to be relatively stable and will not rise consistently in the physiological conditions. However, new studies suggest that ATP levels may rise in multiple tissues under the condition of energy surplus contributing to the metabolic disorders in obesity. However, the molecular mechanism of ATP elevation remains unknown in obesity except the increase in energy supply. Based on our experimental results and the findings reported in the literature, we discuss the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which ATP levels are regulated in cells by multiple factors, including superoxide ions, mitochondrial flash, antioxidants, anti-apoptotic molecule Bcl-xL, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and metformin. Contribution of these factors to the alteration of ATP set-point will be discussed together with their impact on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus. With a focus on the energy surplus in obesity, we explore the mechanism of insulin resistance induced by ATP elevation and provide an answer to the contradiction between the new experimental results and the traditional viewpoint of intracellular ATP. We propose that elevation of intracellular ATP may lead to metabolic disorder in obesity through activation of a feedback mechanism that inhibits mitochondrial function.


Subject(s)
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Adenosine Triphosphate , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Energy Metabolism , Humans , Metformin , Obesity
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776263

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect between warming acupuncture combined with moxibustion at Yongquan (KI 1) and simple warming acupuncture for knee osteoarthritis with kidney-marrow deficiency.@*METHODS@#A total of 66 patients of knee osteoarthritis with kidney-marrow deficiency were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 33 cases in each one. Warming acupuncture was applied at Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Dubi (ST 35), Zusanli (ST 36) and Xuanzhong (GB 39) on the affected side in both of the groups. In the observation group, mild moxibustion at bilateral Yongquan (KI 1) was adopted additionally. Each treatment lasted for 30 min, 3 times a week (once every other day), and the consecutive 6 weeks of treatment were required. The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score (such as joint pain, stiffness and physical function), the amount of joint effusion and the serum contents of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were observed before and after treatment in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate in the observation group was 93.3% (28/30), which was superior to 87.1% (27/30) in the control group (<0.05). Compared before treatment, the pain scores, stiffness scores, physical function scores, the amount of joint effusion and the contents of IL-1β, TNF-α and hs-CRP after treatment were significantly reduced in the two groups (<0.05), and the improvements of these indices in the observation group were superior to the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Warming acupuncture combined with moxibustion at Yongquan (KI 1) can improve joint function, reduce the amount of joint effusion and the contents of inflammatory response indices for knee osteoarthritis with kidney-marrow deficiency. The therapeutic effect of warming acupuncture combined with moxibustion at Yongquan (KI 1) is better than simple warming acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Bone Marrow , Humans , Moxibustion , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779551

ABSTRACT

Objective We aimed to elucidate the prevalence and the antibiotic resistance spectrum of nasal coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) colonization among HIV infectors in Guangzhou. Method After isolation and identification, all CoNS isolates were tested for the antibiotic susceptibility, and the antibiotic resistance genes. Result Among the 1 001 HIV infectors, the prevalence of CoNS and MRCoNS were 57.44% and 48.15%, respectively. The three predominant resistant antibiotics of MRCoNS isolates were penicillin, erythromycin and trimethoprim-sulfame thoxazole, while predominant detection rates of genes were Aac(6’)-aph(2’)、ermC and linA genes. The multidrug resistance rate of MRCoNS isolates were significantly higher than methicillin-susceptible coagulase-negative staphylococci (MSCoNS) isolates (80.69% versus 39.66%, P<0.001, OR=6.36). Conclusions The prevalence and multidrug resistant rates of nasal colonization CoNS and MRCoNS are high among HIV infectors in Guangzhou. MRCoNS isolates were 6.36 times more likely to be of multidrug resistance than MSCoNS isolates.

10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 840-844, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818333

ABSTRACT

Objective In recent years, the incidence of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in non-neutropenic patients has been increasing. Most previous studies have focused on the diagnosis and treatment of IPA in severely immunocompromised patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of IPA in non-neutropenic patients. Methods We enrolled 183 IPA patients (including 46 proven IPA cases and 137probable IPA cases) admitted to our hospital from 2008 to 2018, after excluding possible IPA cases and neutropenic cases. The clinical and laboratory data were collected and analyzed. Results In this study, 164 (89.6%) patients had underlying diseases and risk factors, among which chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and prolonged steroid treatment were the most common. Cough (79.8%), dyspnea (71.0%), sputum (68.9%)and fever (61.2%) were the common symptoms. Chest CT findings were mainly consolidation (45.9%), nodule (32.8%), ground-glass opacity (29.0%) and cavity (26.8%). The halo sign (8.2%) and air crescent sign (7.1%) were relatively rare. The mean numbers of leucocyte and neutrophils were 14.6×109/L and 10.2×109/L, respectively. Positive rates of sputum culture and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid culture were 32.5% and 35.1%, respectively. Positive rates of galactomannan (GM) antigen test in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples were 55.2% and 77.1%, respectively. Transthoracic needle biopsy and transbronchial lung biopsy were associated with positive rates of 45.3% and 20.6%, respectively. Conclusion The clinical and imaging features of IPA in non-neutropenic patients are atypical. Compared with sputum culture and GM antigen test in serum, alveolar lavage fluid GM test has higher sensitivity which can assist in definitive diagnosis.

11.
Chinese Health Economics ; (12): 70-73, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703445

ABSTRACT

Cost-utility analysis(CUA) was widely used for health care decision-maker.It systematically introduced ShortForm 6D(SF-6D) and described the latest international research and application progress.Compared with EuroQol 5 Dimensions Questionnaire(EQ-5D),SF-6D had higher time validity and more reliable result on estimating patients in some fields.On the other hand,the unity value of SF-6D was estimated based the investigation result of Short Form-36(SF-36) through transferring literature and reports.Based on the method,estimating the health unity of patients' health could make the maximized use of the current data of SF-36,so as to save the costs of pharmacoeconomic.However,further research needs to verify that this transformation model is suitable for Chinese.

12.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 103-107, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702938

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the outcomes and safety of ESD in colorectal SMTs. Methods Between January 2011 and January 2017, we performed ESD on 68 consecutive colorectal SMTs in 67 patients. We evaluated the clinical outcomes of all said cases. Results The most common type of the 68 colorectal SMTs was neuroendocrine tumor (42/68, 61.8%), followed by lipoma (20/68, 29.4%). Most of neuroendocrine tumors (41/42) were located in rectum, and most of lipomas (18/20) were located in colon. Among the 46 tumors which were evaluated by endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) before ESD,38 tumors (82.6%) were located in the submucosal layer, and 31 tumors (67.4%) were hypoecho. Our overall endoscopic en bloc resection rate was 100.0%, and our R0 resection rate was 94.1% respectively. Our perforation rate of ESD was 6.0%, delayed bleeding rate 1.5%. None of the patients need surgical intervention because of complication. Follow-up rate was 95.5%, no recurrence or metastasis was observed during the median follow-up period 33 months (range 3~75 months). Conclusion EUS is conductive to the diagnosis of colorectal SMTs before ESD. ESD is a safe and effective treatment for colorectal SMTs.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701126

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effects of perfluorooctanoic acid(PFOA)exposure on the changes of asth-matic mouse airway inflammation,inflammatory mediators interleukin-4(IL-4)and interferon-γ(IFN-γ)in serum, and glucocorticoid receptor(GR)expression in the lung tissue.METHODS:BALB/c mice(n=30)were randomly divided into 5 groups:normal control(C)group,asthma(A)group,asthma+low-dose PFOA(AP10)group,asthma+mode-rate-dose PFOA(AP50)group and asthma+high-dose PFOA(AP100)group.Asthma model and PFOA exposure model of mice were established according to the grouping.The animals were sacrificed and their lungs were collected for HE stai-ning,transmission electron microscopy,Western blot and immunohistochemical staining.ELISA was applied to detect the levels of IL-4 and IFN-γin the serum.RESULTS: HE staining of the lungs showed that the asthmatic mice, compared with the normal control mice,had obvious mucus secretion around the airways and infiltration of inflammatory cells around airways and blood vessels,and the effects were much more marked in AP groups.Ultrastructural alteration of the lung tis-sues in the asthmatic mice were indicated by transmission electron microscopy.Compared with C group, the results of ELISA in A group and AP groups proved that IL-4 in the serum was increased and IFN-γwas decreased significantly(P<0.05).Compare with A group,IL-4 was significantly increased and IFN-γwas decreased in AP100 group(P<0.05), and no difference of those between AP 10 group and AP50 group was found.The results of Western blot indicated that GR protein expression in the asthmatic mice were decreased compare with the normal mice(P<0.05), and no difference of that among A group and AP groups was observed.Immunohistochemical staining manifested that GR protein was mainly lo-cated in the cytoplasm of bronchial columnar epithelial cells,airway smooth muscle cells and vascular smooth muscle cells. CONCLUSION:Acute airway PFOA exposure in asthmatic mice dose-dependently exacebates lung inflammation by indu-cing Th2 type immune responses, promotes infiltration of inflammatory cells and mucus secretion around the airways and blood vessels,and destroys the ultrastructure of the lung tissues.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810029

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To discuss the application of Mohs microsurgery in nasal and facial basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and analyze the pathological and clinical features. @*Methods@#The clinical data of 127 patients who were diagnosed by pathology as nasal and facial BCC in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2010 to January 2015 were retrospectively analysed. The value of Mohs microsurgery was discussed and the nasal & facial sites of BCC lesions, clinical and histopathology features were summarized. @*Results@#The proportion of male and female was 1.27︰1 in 127 patients, the ages ranged from 27 to 91 years. The top three inflicted area in nasal and facial was followed by nasal dorsum, nasal root and upper lip.The most frequent clinical type was nodular ulcerative type.The most common pathological type was nodular and pigmented. Routine surgical resection was performed in 62 cases (48.8%) while Mohs micrographic surgery in 38 cases (29.9%). Follow-up duration was 37 months on average. Local recurrence occurred in 5 cases in routine surgical resection group while there was no recurrence in Mohs micrographic surgery group. There was no distant metastasis in all cases. @*Conclusions@#There are few specific clinical manifestation in nasal & facial BCC. Surgical treatment is prefered, especially by Mohs micrographic surgery, because it can strictly control the scope of surgical resection and obtain malformation repairment as well as beauty in nasal and facial region.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712086

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical value of resistance index(RI)of prostatic capsular artery in predicting or screening of prostate cancer(PCa)by comparing prostatic capsular artery RI with the serum total prostatic specific antigen(TPSA),fPSA/tPSA ratio and prostatic specific antigen dernsity(PSAD).Methods RI of prostate capsular artery,serum TPSA,of fPSA/tPSA ratio and PSAD were measured with colour Doppler ultrasonography in this subset of 203 patients who had undergone transrectal ultrasound guided prostate puncture biopsy.The patients were divided into two groups [PCa and benign prostatic hyperplasia(BPH)group] for comparative study.Results Of them,the level of TPSA were between 4 and 10 ng/ml(grey area)in 34 cases,accounts for 16.75%of the total subjects.All the others were outside the grey area.ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve(AUC)of RI of the capsular artery was 0.77,which was close to 0.84 and 0.86 of TPSA and PSAD.It indicated a similar value in predicting or screening PCa; while the AUC of fPSA/tPSA ratio was only 0.49,which had little clinical value.The fPSA/tPSA ratio and the mean value of PSAD in the grey area had significant differences(t=2.78,3.94,P<0.02)between the two groups.However,the fPSA/tPSA ratio had no statistical significance in the high value area outside the grey area(t=0.873,P > 0.05).And the mean value of RI of prostatic capsular artery had significant differences between the two groups both in the grey area and in the high value area outside the grey area(t=4.56,5.10,P < 0.001).Conclusions RI of prostatic capsular artery can be steadily used to predict or screen PCa.It is not affected by the gray area of TPSA and is of great value in clinical practice.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710207

ABSTRACT

AIM To investigate the preventive effects of herbal pair,Scutellariae Radix and Coptidis Rhizoma (SC),on Alzheimer's disease (AD),and its mechanism of action.METHODS Dementia mice induced by 8-week s.i.d subcutaneous injection of D-galactose (100 mg/kg),were simultaneously given respective,intragastric administration of SC crude drug at doses of 5,10,20 g/kg,or piracetam support at 0.75 g/kg,and isometrical distilled water was applied to the mice of normal control group.The mice had their learning and memory abilities checked by Morris water maze at intervals of four weeks and eight weeks since the start of the trial,and their blood and brain tissue biochemical indices measured at the end of the test.RESULTS Significantly shortened latent period in place navigation test and the time of enter into the original platform in the space exploration test were observed in the mice treated with 4-week D-galactose and SC (P <0.05 或 P <0.01).The 8-week intervention demonstrated SC capacity in the significant promotion of T-SOD activity,decreased blood MDA levels (P < 0.01)and the brain AchE levels,and increased brain GSH-Px activity (P < 0.01).CONCLUSION SC increases the concentration of acetylcholine in brain tissue and protects the central nervous tissue under oxidative stress,highlighting its therapeutic effect on AD.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709097

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of pioglitazone,a member of the thiazolidinedione (TZD) class with hypoglycemic action to treat diabetes,on expression of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in myocardium of rats following I/R injury.Methods Twenty-four healthy SD rats were randomly divided into sham group,I/R injury group,pioglitazone treatment group and pioglitazone+peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors-γ specific antagonist GW9662 treatment group (6 in each group).A rat I/R injury model was established by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery.Apoptosis of myocardial cells was assayed by Terminal dUTP deoxynucleotidyl transferase nick end labeling.Expression of p-p38 protein was detected by Western blot.Results The apoptosis index of myocardial cells was significantly lower in sham operation group and piogl itazone treatment group than in I/R injury group and was significantly higher in pioglitazone+ GW9662 treatment group than in pioglitazone treatment group (8.6%±4.3%,21.4%±8.8% vs 40.1%±12.3%,P<0.05;37.0%-10.5% vs 21.4%±8.8%,P<0.05).The expression level of p-p38 was significantly lower in sham operation group and pioglitazone treatment group than in I/R injury group and was significantly higher in pioglitazone+GW9662 treatment group than in pioglitazone treatment group (P<0.05).Conclusion Pioglitazone can inhibit I/R injury-induced apoptosis of myocardial cells by downregulating the expression of p-p38 protein.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709081

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the role of dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) in assessing early curative effect of rosuvastatin on carotid atherosclerotic plaques.Methods Twenty-five patients with lipid-rich necrotic core carotid atherosclerotic plaques received intensive rosuvastatin treatment (5-20 mg/d) for 2 years,and carotid artery DCE-MRI at baseline before treatment and at months 3,12 and 24 after rosuvastatin treatment.Their adventitial transfer constant (K) and fractional plasma volume (Vp) were measured and compared during the rosuvastatin treatment.Results The Vp was significantly smaller at months 3,12 and 24 after rosuvastatin treatment than at baseline before rosuvastatin treatment (0.09±0.05,0.07±0.04 and 0.06±0.05 vs 0.12± 0.06,P<0.05) with a reduction of 25.0% after 3 months of rosuvastatin treatment and a gradual reduction after 24 months of rosuvastatin treatment (P<0.05).The adventitial K was mildly reduced after 24 months of rosuvastatin treatment (P>0.05).Conclusion DCE-MRI can assess the early curative effect of rosuvastatin on carotid atherosclerotic plaques.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690422

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the advantages of spatial measurement of anatomical parameters in a 3D model in surgical planning for laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From February, 2016 to October, 2017, 37 patients diagnosed with T1 renal mass underwent LPN based on 3D reconstruction after enhanced CT scanning using the Uromedix-3D system (group A), and another 38 patients received LPN with conventional CT planning (group B). The anatomical parameters were measured in the reconstructed 3D model and the demographic data, surgical outcome and postoperative data were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In group A, the average time for 3D model reconstruction was (29.3∓9.7) min; the length, width and depth of the renal defect in 3D model were 3.2∓1.1 cm, 2.6∓0.9 cm and 1.7∓0.7 cm, respectively; The distance of the tumor from the collecting system was 3.8∓2.2 mm; The mean R.E.N.A.L score of the patients was 7∓1.5, and 3 patients had accessory renal artery and 2 had early branching of the renal artery. LPNs were completed via the retroperitoneal approach in all the 75 patients without conversion to open or total nephrectomy. Group A and group B showed significant differences in warm ischemic time (26.7∓6.4 vs 31.9∓7.0 min), tumor-excision time (8.4∓2.6 vs 10.4∓2.8 min), renal defect suture time (18.3∓3.9 vs 21.5∓3.4 min), 24-h volume of retroperitoneal drainage (88.6∓40.2 vs 134.3∓58.3 mL) and 48-h volume of retroperitoneal drainage (127.9∓54.5 vs 198.1∓86.3 mL), but not in the demographic data, operation time, intraoperative blood loss or postoperative hospital stay.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>3D reconstruction of the renal masses can be completed efficiently and accurately using this system. Compared with conventional CT-based measurement, 3D spatial measurement of the anatomical structures helps to increase the precision in the performance of LPN and reduce the warm ischemia time.</p>

20.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2018; 34 (1): 135-138
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-130075

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of clinical therapeutic drugs in elderly chronic heart failure [CHF] patients complicated with different degrees of renal insufficiency


Methods: The elderly patients who were hospitalized from October 2010 to October 2015 in our hospital due to CHF for the first time were selected by means of retrospective case collection. The glomerular filtration rate was estimated by using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease [MDRD] Study equation. The patients were divided into a group with normal renal function, a group with slight decrease in renal function, and a group with moderate and severe decrease in renal function. Statistical analysis was made to compare the characteristics of clinical drugs for the three groups


Results: Compared with the normal renal function group and the slight decrease group, ACEIs and beta-blockers were less used in the moderate and severe decrease group, but diuretics and spironolactone were more used [P<0.05]. Compared with the normal renal function group, the use rate of ACEIs was low whereas that of diuretics was high [P<0.05]


Conclusion: ACEIs and beta-blockers were barely employed to treat elderly CHF patients complicated with renal insufficiency, but diuretics and spironolactone were frequently utilized


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Heart Failure/complications , Renal Insufficiency , Aged , Diuretics/therapeutic use , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Chronic Disease
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