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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1-12, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913160

ABSTRACT

Due to the complexity of tumor pathology, the demand for the combined use of multiple drugs in clinical treatment has become increasingly clear-cut. Multi-drug combination can act on multiple pathways and multiple targets simultaneously to exert synergistic effects. However, the current delivery strategy for multi-drug combination still needs to be optimized. Nano-drug delivery systems can carry drugs to overcome physiological and pathological barrier to target tumor tissues and cells, achieve the goal of continuous, controllable, and targeted delivery, and enhance the efficacy of anti-tumor synergism and detoxification. To meet the new requirements for smarter and more accurate antitumor multi-drug combinational therapy, the nano-drug delivery system has been well-designed to realize more functions. For instance, delivery of multiple drugs in accurate proportions and doses can make the multi-drug synergistic effect more precise; stimulus-responsive drug release can improve selectivity and reduce side effects; controlling the time-course relationship of multiple drugs can realize sequential drug combination effect. It has shown broad prospects in the field of tumor multidrug therapy and has become one of the new directions of research and development. This article reviews the recent developments in the application of tumor drug combination therapy strategies and their delivery systems, and analyzes the new requirements and challenges of multidrug combination for the development of nano-drug delivery systems.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928751

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the genotype characteristics of α- and β-thalassemia and the diagnostic value of hematological indexes in pregnant women in Xindu District of Chengdu.@*METHODS@#The blood routine parameters(MCV) <80 fl and (or) (MCH) <27 pg and hemoglobin electrophoresis were used to screen the pregnant women, PCR-reverse dot blot hybridization(PCR-RDB) technique was used to detect the common α- and β-thalassemia gene types in the primary screening positive population. The husbands of the diagnosed pregnant women were recalled for gene testing, and the highly suspected patients were checked by gene sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Among the 7 049 pregnant women, 1 740(24.68%) cases were positive for primary screening. 180 patients were diagnosed as thalassemia gene positive, among them, 94 cases (52.22%) of α-thalassemia were detected and six genotypes were found, in which --SEA /αα genotype was the highest (58 cases, 61.70%); 82 cases (45.56%) of β-thalassemia were detected and ten genotypes were found while CD41-42/N and CD17/N genotypes were the most common; there were 4 cases(2.22%) with α combined with β-thalassemia. Through clinical follow-up survey, there were 4 couples with the same type of thalassemia, one of them was induced labor after diagnosis of hemoglobin H disease. Receiver operating curve (ROC curve) was used to analyze the diagnostic value of hematological parameters in thalassemia positive pregnant women. The results showed that AUC(HBA2)<AUC(MCHC)<AUC(RDW-SD)<AUC(MCH)<AUC(MCV) (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The most common genotypes of α- and β-thalassemia in pregnant women in Xindu District of Chengdu were --SEA /αα, CD41-42/N, CD17/N. The blood routine indicators (HBA2、RDW-SD、MCHC、MCH、MCV) have high diagnostic value for screening of thalassemia.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Female , Genetic Testing , Genotype , Humans , Mutation , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy between vesselplasty and percutanous kyphoplasty (PKP) in the treatment of Kümmell disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with Kümmell disease from July 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different therapeutic methods, the patients were divided into vesselplasty group and PKP group. There were 20 patients in vesselplasty group, including 2 males and 18 females, aged from 54 to 83 years with an average of (67.40±7.44)years, 1 case of T10 fracture, 3 cases of T12 fracture, 9 cases of L1 fractures, 5 cases of L2 fractures and 2 cases of L3 fractures. There were 20 patients in PKP group, including 3 males and 17 females, aged from 56 to 81 with an average of(67.20±7.01) years, 2 cases of T10 fracture, 1 case of T11 fracture, 6 cases of T12 fracture, 10 cases of L1 fracture and 1 case of L3 fracture. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Cobb angle, anterior vertebral height were recorded before operation, 1 day after operation and 1 year after operation. Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) was recorded before operation, 1 month after operation and 1 year after operation. And bone cement leakage rate was compared between two groups after operation.@*RESULTS@#All the patient were followed up for more than 1 year. In vesselplasty group, VAS score was 1.20±0.41, ODI was(13.50±3.10)%, Cobb angle was(17.20±3.12)° and anterior vertebral height was(20.20±1.35) mm at 1 year after operation. In PKP group, VAS score was 1.15±0.40, ODI was (13.20±3.00)%, Cobb angle was (17.10±3.19)° and anterior vertebral height was (20.10±1.37) mm at 1 year after operation. These index was significantly better than pre-operation through intra-group comparison(P<0.05), and there was no statistically difference between the two groups(P>0.05). There were 20 cases (20 vertebrae) in vesselplasty group, of which 1 case had bone cement leakage at the upper endplate, with a leakage rate of 5%(1/20). In PKP group, there were 20 cases (20 vertebrae), 3 cases of upward endplate leakage(3/7), 1 case of downward endplate leakage(1/7), 1 case of leakage to the front of the vertebral body(1/7), 2 cases of leakage to the side of the vertebral body(2/7), with a leakage rate of 35% (7/20). The difference between two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Vesselplasty in the treatment of Kümmell disease can better reduce leakage rate of bone cement and reduce complications.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty/methods , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Spondylosis , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928279

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety and accuracy of Renaissance robot navigation system in minimally invasive surgery for thoracolumbar fracture.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with thoracolumbar fracture who underwent posterior minimally invasive pedicle screw internal fixation from July 2016 to July 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. And the patients were divided into robot group and artificial group. Robot navigation assisted screw placement was used in robot group, and traditional unarmed screw placement was used in artificial group. There were 20 patients in robot group, including 13 males and 7 females, aged from 23 to 69 years old with an average of(45.05±11.81)years old, one case was T11 fracture, 2 cases were T12, 10 cases were L1, 6 cases were L2 and 1 case was L3. There were 20 patients in artificial group, including 11 males and 9 females, aged from 26 to 65 years old with an average of(43.40±11.22)years old, 2 cases were T11 fractures, 7 cases were T12, 10 cases were L1, and 1 case was L3. The numbers of fluoroscopy, operation time and intraoperative blood loss were observed. The screw position was evaluated by Neo method.@*RESULTS@#A total of 126 screws were implanted in robot group and 124 screws were implanted in artificial group. The operation time, fluoroscopy times, intraoperative blood loss were(115.75±14.26) min, (7.95±0.89) times and (132.50±29.36) ml in robot group and (129.50±10.50) min, (14.40±2.56) times and(182.50±23.14) ml in artificial group, respectively, there was significant difference between the groups(P<0.05). According to Neo classification method, there were 122 screws at grade 0, 4 screws at grade 1 in robot group, and there were 108 screws at grade 0, 9 screws at grade 1 and 7 screws at grade 2 in artificial group. The accuracy of the robot group was better than that of artificial group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with free hand screw placement, Renaissance robot navigation system can effectively improve the accuracy of pedicle screw placement, reduce the number of fluoroscopy times and intraoperative blood loss, thereby improving the safety of operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Spinal Fusion , Young Adult
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 296-302, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922938

ABSTRACT

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) is defined as the electron reduction product of oxygen with high reactivity which can maintain normal physiological functions and redox homeostasis. The tumor microenvironment is in a state of oxidative stress. ROS can affect multiple processes of tumor immune response by modulating the phenotype and functions of tumor cells and immune cells. With the rapid development of immunology, ROS-based tumor immunomodulation has been widely concerned and studied. In this review, the mechanism of ROS participating in tumor immune response is elaborated. Meanwhile, the research process and application of ROS in tumor immunomodulation in recent years are reviewed and analyzed.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907175

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the economic burden of Crohn’s disease and its related factors,and to provide opinions for reducing personal burden and improving reimbursement policy. Methods: Using a cross-sectional method,a self-created questionnaire based on the basic principles of health services research was used to survey Crohn’s disease patients served by the Shanghai volunteer service foundation platform. Information collected included basic characteristics,therapy,and medical costs related to Crohn’s disease in the past 12 months. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the composition of inpatient and outpatient costs of Crohn’s disease for treatment of the disease in the past year. Further,a semi-logarithmic model was constructed to analyse the factors associated with the financial burden of Crohn’s disease. Results: In the study,820 questionnaires were distributed and 799 questionnaires were returned,of which 797 were valid. There were 528(66.25 %) males and 269 (33.75 %) females. The mean age of the patients was(34. 02 ±11.49) years,with a concentration between 18-39 years (510 cases,63. 99%) and a mean disease duration of (5.58±5.13) years. 10.7% of the patients did not receive continuous treatment,and the average annual treatment cost for the patients with continuous treatment was 54 246 Yuan,of which 30 279 Yuan(55 .8%) was paid by the individuals and 23 966 Yuan (44.2%)was paid by the insurance. The personal financial burden was close to the national per capita disposable income in 2020,which was 32 189 Yuan ( 94. 1%),exceeding the annual cost for type 2 diabetes in China in 2016,8 245 Yuan. In terms of the distribution of outpatient and inpatient services,the average annual cost of inpatient services was 31 092 Yuan, of which 14673 Yuan(48.5%) was paid out of pocket by the individuals and 16 418 Yuan (51 .5%) was paid by the insurance; the average annual cost of outpatient services was 23 154 Yuan,of which 15 606 Yuan (65.1%) was paid out of pocket by the individuals and 7 548 Yuan 34.9%) was paid by the insurance. The personal burden of outpatient care was higher than of inpatient care. The regression results of the semi-logarithmic model showed that the total annual treatment cost was related to the duration of illness (β=0. 03,P<0.01), having complications(β=-0. 68,P<0.01),receiving surgical treatment (β=0. 52,P<0.01),using immunosuppressive drugs(β=0.51,P<0.01),annual outpatient visits(β=0. 02,P<0.01), and number of hospitalizations per year(β=0. 08,P<0.01). Conclusion: The annual financial burden for patients with Crohn’s disease is heavy and rises significantly with the duration of illness,exceeding that of chronic diseases such as diabetes. The personal financial burden is close to the national per capita disposable income,and the medical security department should develop policies to reduce the financial burden. The inclusion of Crohn’s disease as a special outpatient disease is a possible measure that could be considered in response to the fact that the outpatient personal financial burden is heavier than the inpatient’s.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921911

ABSTRACT

Recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder with bone defect is one of the common diseases of shoulder joint. How to effectively repair glenoid bone defect and reduce recurrence rate of shoulder dislocation is a problem that clinicians focus on. Bone grafting could stimulate bone, promote bone regeneration and bone remodeling, and restore the normal anatomical structure of glenoid. Among them, Bristow-Latarjet procedure is a classic operation for recurrent shoulder dislocation. Latarjet procedure could repair larger glenoid bone defects, but with higher surgical skills for surgeons;autogenous iliac grafting is the first choice for revision once Latarjet procedure failed;osteochondral grafting (autogenous and allogenous) has certain advantages in reconstructing original articular surface and preventing joint degeneration, but autologous osteochondral grafting may cause secondary injury, while immune rejection is difficult to avoid for allogenous osteochondral grafting. With the improvement of composite materials, and the mechanism of bone regeneration and remodeling, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of bone grafting, tissue engineering technology may become an effective method for the treatment of glenoid bone defect in the future.


Subject(s)
Bone Transplantation , Humans , Joint Instability , Recurrence , Shoulder , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921355

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to present a major challenge to public health. Vaccine development requires an understanding of the kinetics of neutralizing antibody (NAb) responses to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).@*Methods@#In total, 605 serum samples from 125 COVID-19 patients (from January 1 to March 14, 2020) varying in age, sex, severity of symptoms, and presence of underlying diseases were collected, and antibody titers were measured using a micro-neutralization assay with wild-type SARS-CoV-2.@*Results@#NAbs were detectable approximately 10 days post-onset (dpo) of symptoms and peaked at approximately 20 dpo. The NAb levels were slightly higher in young males and severe cases, while no significant difference was observed for the other classifications. In follow-up cases, the NAb titer had increased or stabilized in 18 cases, whereas it had decreased in 26 cases, and in one case NAbs were undetectable at the end of our observation. Although a decreasing trend in NAb titer was observed in many cases, the NAb level was generally still protective.@*Conclusion@#We demonstrated that NAb levels vary among all categories of COVID-19 patients. Long-term studies are needed to determine the longevity and protective efficiency of NAbs induced by SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Neutralizing/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , COVID-19/immunology , Female , Humans , Kinetics , Male , Middle Aged , Neutralization Tests , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1368-1371, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911020

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the nutritional status of elderly patients with dementia in a memory clinic and to identify patients with malnutrition and patients at risk for malnutrition.Methods:A total of 510 elderly dementia patients were recruited from a memory clinic of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University.All subjects were assessed with the mini-nutritional assessment short-form(MNA-SF), mini-mental state examination(MMSE), activities of daily living scale(ADL)and neuropsychiatric inventory(NPI). Logistic regression was used to explore potential risk factors and to establish a prediction model.Results:13.33%(68/510)of participants were classified as being malnourished, 52.94%(270/510)as being at risk for malnutrition and 33.73%(172/510)as well nourished.A Logistic regression model for predicting malnutrition identified dysphagia, irritability, physical self-maintenance scale(PSMS), appetite and eating disorders as important influencing factors( OR=4.334, 1.096, 1.121, 1.213, all P<0.05), and MMSE score, family history of dementia and age were important influencing factors for predicting malnutrition/at risk for malnutrition( OR=0.923, 0.517, 1.045, all P<0.05). Conclusions:The incidence of malnutrition and the risk of malnutrition in elderly patients with dementia in the memory clinic are high, and there are many related influencing factors.Early detection and intervention can delay or avoid malnutrition.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887896

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the related factors of pathological complete response(pCR)of patients with gastric cancer treated by neoadjuvant therapy and resection,and to analyze the risk factors of prognosis. Methods The clinical and pathological data of 490 patients with gastric cancer who received neoadjuvant therapy followed by radical gastrectomy from January to December in 2008 were retrospectively analyzed.Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the risk factors affecting pCR and prognosis. Results Among the 490 patients,41 achieved pCR,and the overall pCR rate was 8.3%(41/490).The pCR rate was 16.0% in the neoadjuvant chemoradiation group and 6.4% in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group.The results of multivariate analysis showed that neoadjuvant chemoradiation(


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1610-1615, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887581

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) are a series of severe complications in the perioperative and anesthetic periods with a decline in memory, execution ability, and information processing speed as the primary clinical manifestation. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of edaravone (EDA) on PND and peripheral blood C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 13 (CXCL13) levels in elderly patients with hip replacement.@*METHODS@#A total of 160 elderly patients undergoing hip arthroplasty in Affiliated Dongguan People's Hospital of Southern Medical University (from March 2016 to March 2018) were randomly and double-blindly categorized into an EDA group and a control group (CON). Group EDA was administered intravenously EDA 30 min before surgery, and group CON was administered intravenously saline. The cognitive function of the two groups was evaluated 1-day before the operation and at 1 and 12 months after surgery, and the incidence of post-operative delirium was tested on days 1, 3, and 7 after surgery using the Chinese version of the confusion assessment method. Serum CXCL13 and interleukin (IL)-6 concentrations were measured before anesthesia, during surgery (30 min after skin incision), and on days 1, 3, and 7 after surgery. The continuous variables in accordance with normal distribution were tested using the Student's t test, the continuous variables without normal distribution using the Mann-Whitney U test, and categorical variables by the χ2 test or Fisher exact test.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of post-operative delirium within 7 days after surgery was significantly higher in group CON than that in group EDA (31.3% vs. 15.0%, t = -5.6, P < 0.001). The modified telephone interview for cognitive status and activities of daily life scores were significantly higher in the group EDA than those in the group CON at 1 month (39.63 ± 4.35 vs. 33.63 ± 5.81, t = -2.13, P < 0.05 and 74.3 ± 12.6 vs. 61.2 ± 13.1, t = -1.69, P < 0.05) and 12 months (40.13 ± 5.93 vs. 34.13 ± 5.36, t = -3.37, P < 0.05 and 79.6 ± 11.7 vs. 65.6 ± 16.6, t = -2.08, P < 0.05) after surgery; and the incidence of neurocognitive dysfunction was significantly lower in the group EDA than that in the group CON (P < 0.05). Serum CXCL13 and IL-6 concentrations were significantly lower in the group EDA than those in the group CON during and after surgery (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EDA can significantly reduce the serum concentrations of CXCL13 and IL-6 and improve the PND of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Chemokines, CXC/drug effects , Delirium , Double-Blind Method , Edaravone , Humans , Ligands , Postoperative Complications
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 71-88, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881125

ABSTRACT

@#Disrupted redox status primarily contributes to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MIRI). NRF2, the endogenous antioxidant regulator, might provide therapeutic benefits. Dihydrotanshinone-I (DT) is an active component in Salvia miltiorrhiza with NRF2 induction potency. This study seeks to validate functional links between NRF2 and cardioprotection of DT and to investigate the molecular mechanism particularly emphasizing on NRF2 cytoplasmic/nuclear translocation. DT potently induced NRF2 nuclear accumulation, ameliorating post-reperfusion injuries via redox alterations. Abrogated cardioprotection in NRF2-deficient mice and cardiomyocytes strongly supports NRF2-dependent cardioprotection of DT. Mechanistically, DT phosphorylated NRF2 at Ser40, rendering its nuclear-import by dissociating from KEAP1 and inhibiting degradation. Importantly, we identified PKC-δ-(Thr505) phosphorylation as primary upstream event triggering NRF2-(Ser40) phosphorylation. Knockdown of PKC-δ dramatically retained NRF2 in cytoplasm, convincing its pivotal role in mediating NRF2 nuclear-import. NRF2 activity was further enhanced by activated PKB/GSK-3β signaling via nuclear-export signal blockage independent of PKC-δ activation. By demonstrating independent modulation of PKC-δ and PKB/GSK-3β/Fyn signaling, we highlight the ability of DT to exploit both nuclear import and export regulation of NRF2 in treating reperfusion injury harboring redox homeostasis alterations. Coactivation of PKC and PKB phenocopied cardioprotection of DT in vitro and in vivo, further supporting the potential applicability of this rationale. Graphical abstract

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880413

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis is one of the common metabolic diseases, which can easily lead to osteoporotic fractures. Accurate prediction of bone biomechanical properties is of great significance for the early prevention and diagnosis of osteoporosis. Bone mineral density measurement is currently used clinically as the gold standard for assessing bone strength and diagnosing osteoporosis, but studies have shown that bone mineral density can only explain 60% to 70% of bone strength changes, and trabecular bone microstructure is an important factor affecting bone strength. In order to establish the connection between trabecular bone microstructure and bone strength, this paper proposes a prediction method of trabecular bone modulus based on SE-DenseVoxNet. This method takes three-dimensional binary images of trabecular bone as input and predicts its elastic modulus in the z-axis direction. Experiments show that the error and bias between the predicted value of the method and the true value of the sample are small and have good consistency.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Density , Cancellous Bone/diagnostic imaging , Elastic Modulus , Humans , Osteoporosis/diagnostic imaging
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879830

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the condition of subclinical cardiac damage in children with primary hypertension and the association between serum uric acid and subclinical cardiac damage.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 55 children who were hospitalized and diagnosed with primary hypertension in the Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University from January 2015 to June 2020. Forty-five healthy children, matched for age and sex, were enrolled as the control group. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical features, laboratory examination, and parameters for left ventricular structure, systolic function, and diastolic function. The correlation of serum uric acid with the parameters for left ventricular structure, systolic function, and diastolic function in children with primary hypertension was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the hypertension group had significantly higher left ventricular mass (LVM), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), and relative wall thickness (RWT) (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with primary hypertension may have subclinical cardiac damage such as left ventricular hypertrophy, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, left atrial enlargement, and proximal aortic dilation. Elevated serum uric acid is significantly associated with cardiac damage in children with primary hypertension.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Child , Humans , Hypertension/complications , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Uric Acid
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879467

ABSTRACT

The surgical treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation is a difficult problem in the field of sports injury medicine. The main reason focus on dynamic and osseous constraints of shoulder joint could not recover well. At present, arthroscopic surgery is used at home and abroad, and could receive statisfied postoperative effect, but the choice of specific surgical methods is still controversial. According to presence and size of glenoid and humeral skull defects, different treatments should be selected in clinic. The author recommends that no articular glenoid defect or glenoid defect 40% or Bristow-Latarjet if the surgical repair fails, bone grafting is used. In addition, if (humeral avulsion of glenohumeral ligaments, HAGL) injury existed, HAGL injury repair should be used. In addition to considering the important factor of bone defects, it is necessary to combine patient's age, exercise level and surgeon's technique to comprehensively select the bestsurgical method.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Humans , Joint Instability , Recurrence , Scapula , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879390

ABSTRACT

Shoulder arthroscopic as a conventional method usually is applied to repair rotator cuff tears. In clinical, plenty single-row, double-row and transosseous tunnels suture technique are performed, but the ideal suture technique for rotator cuff repair is not found. Compared with single-row, double-row has better strength in biomechanics property. As the two best suture technique among the single-row, massive cuff stitch and modified Mason-Allen suture have the strongest biomechanics property. Clinical trials indicate that double-row could improve healing rates, but there are no significant difference in clinical outcome functional scores. Transosseous tunnel techniques possess a better bio-mechanic property, which could improve regional micro-environment and induce tendon-bone healing. Transosseous tunnel techniques are better for small to media size rotator cuff tears and osteoporosis patient. The author suggest that optimal rotator cuff repair technique should performed according to skill of performer and individual of patient by analysing bio-mechanic properties, clinical outcome, operative complexity and patient situation. The technique should follow simple opertaion, rapid, less trauma, stable fixation and utility to perform.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Humans , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Suture Anchors , Suture Techniques , Sutures
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878886

ABSTRACT

To standardize the processing technology of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata and stabilize its quality, the similar change laws of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata with different processing methods and time were analyzed. The processing time of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata was studied at 24, 32, 40, 48 h, and 4 different processing methods were studied, namely stewed with black bean sauce, steamed, steamed with black bean sauce, and steamed with black bean sauce and rice wine. The content of stilbene glycosides and anthraquinones were determined by HPLC-DAD method. UV method was used to determine the content of polysaccharides, and HPLC-ELSD method was used to determine the monosaccharides and oligosaccharides. The comparative chart of content determination, cluster analysis and entropy weight TOPSIS model was used to find the similar change laws and time interval of different processing methods of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata. The results demonstrated that around 32 h, the content of nine components in Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata with different processing methods had similar change laws, and the decoction pieces had a high quality, indicating that the four processing methods of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata are likely to be used as one type of decoction piece with the same name.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycosides , Plant Roots , Polygonum
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876080

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the possibility that GREM1, a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) antagonist, is a mechanical explanation for BMP signal suppression in congenital heart disease associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (CHD/PAH) patients. Methods    Systemic-to-pulmonary shunt induced PAH was surgically established in rats. At the postoperative 12th week, right heart catheterization and echocardiography evaluation were performed to evaluate hemodynamic indexes and morphology of right heart system. Right heart hypotrophy index and pulmonary vascular remodeling were evaluated. Changes of BMP signal pathway related proteins and GREM1 in lungs and plasma GREM1 concentration were detected. The effect of GREM1 on the proliferation and apoptosis of pulmonary arterial endothelial cells (PAECs) was also explored. Results    The hypertensive status was successfully reproduced in rats with systemic-to-pulmonary shunt model. BMP signal pathway was suppressed but GREM1 was up-regulated with no change in hypoxia inducible factor-1 in lungs exposed to systemic-to-pulmonary shunt, while this trend was reversed by systemic-to-pulmonary shunt correction (P<0.05). Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated enhanced staining of GREM1 in remodeled pulmonary arteries. In vitro experiments found that BMP signal was down-regulated but GREM1 expression and secretion were up-regulated in proliferative PAECs (P<0.05). Furthermore, BMP2 significantly inhibited PAECs proliferation and promoted PAECs apoptosis (P<0.05), which could be antagonized by GREM1. In addition, plasma level of GREM1 in rats with systemic-to-pulmonary shunt was also increased and positively correlated with pulmonary hemodynamic indexes. Conclusion    Systemic-to-pulmonary shunt induces the up-regulation of GREM1 in lungs, which promotes pulmonary vascular remodeling via antagonizing BMP cascade. These results present a new mechanical explanation for BMP pathway suppression in lungs of CHD/PAH patients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909139

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the application value of intracellular free heme concentration (FH) detection and high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) detection in screening cervical cancer and precancerous lesions.Methods:A total of 238 patients with cervical abnormalities who received FH and HPV detection in Huainan First People's Hospital, China from October 2017 to October 2019 were included in this study. Taking liquid-based ThinPrep cytologic test (TCT) results and pathological biopsy results as gold standard, the diagnostic value of FH detection and TCT detection for cervical cancer and precancerous lesions were compared.Results:TCT results revealed normal/inflammatory diagnosis in 97 patients, and atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) or higher grade diagnosis in 141 patients. Pathological biopsy results reported cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade II or above in 70 out of the 141 patients. The detection rate of FH detection for CIN grade II or above cervical lesions was 92.86% (65/70) and the detection rate of high-risk HPV detection was 95.71% (67/70). The sensitivity and specificity of FH detection in the screening CIN grade II or above cervical lesions were 82.86% (58/70) and 85.92% (60/70), respectively and they were 94.29% (66/70) and 98.59% (69/70) for high-risk HPV detection. There were significant differences in diagnostic sensitivity and specificity between FH dection and high-risk HPV detection ( χ2 = 4.52, 10.25, both P < 0.05). Conclusion:High-risk HPV detection is of high application value in the diagnosis of cervical cancer and precancerous lesions. It has higher sensitivty and specificity in screening cervical cancer and precancerous lesions than FH detection. But FH detection is simpler, more economical and easier to use and is more suitable for large-scale screening of cervical cancer and precancerous lesions than high-risk HPV detection.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872921

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic mechanism of Canhuang tablets on the mRNA and protein expression of farnesoid X receptor (FXR), uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) and multidrug resistance associated protein 2 (MRP2) in the liver of jaundiced rats induced by α-naphthalene isothiocyanate (ANIT). Method:The rats were divided into normal group, model group, Canhuang tablets (CHP) group and ursodeoxycholic acid tablets (UDCA) group. The jaundice model was reproduced by ANIT. After the intervention of the corresponding drugs, the contents of total bilirubin (TBIL), total bile acid (TBA), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in serum and the liver histopathology were examined to evaluate the therapeutic effect of CHP. The relative mRNA and protein expressions of FXR, UGT1A1 and MRP2 in rat liver tissues were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot. Result:CHP can significantly reduce the increase of TBIL, TBA, ALT, AST and ALP caused by ANIT in rat serum, and inhibit the liver pathological changes, which showed that the removing jaundice effect of CHP was better than UDCA. Compared with the normal group, ANIT significantly inhibited the mRNA levels of FXR, UGT1A1 and MRP2 in rat liver tissues after modeling (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, CHP and UDCA significantly increased the mRNA levels of target genes of each protein after intervention (P<0.01), and CHP was superior to UDCA in improving the mRNA level of bilirubin metabolizing enzyme UGT1A1 (P<0.01). In the aspect of affecting protein expression, compared with the normal group, ANIT modeling significantly increased the expression of FXR in rats (P<0.05). CHP intervention showed a tendency to promote the expression of FXR, while UDCA did not, but there was no significant difference between them. In the aspects of promoting bilirubin metabolism and bile excretion, the expressions of UGT1A1 and MRP2 were significantly decreased by ANIT modeling (P<0.01), while the expressions of UGT1A1 and MRP2 proteins were significantly increased after treatment of CHP (P<0.01). CHP was superior to UDCA in increasing the expression of bilirubin and bile acid efflux protein MRP2 (P<0.01). Conclusion:The jaundice abating mechanism of CHP is related to activating FXR mRNA expression in liver, promoting the mRNA and protein expression of bilirubin metabolizing enzyme UGT1A1 and bile acid transporter MRP2, improving liver metabolism of free bilirubin and promoting bile acid excretion from the liver, and alleviating cholestatic liver injury.

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