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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908339

ABSTRACT

Up to 60% of children with nephrotic syndrome may occur secondary adrenal insufficiency, and even adrenal crisis.Adrenal crisis is one of the serious complications of nephrotic syndrome in children.The mortality rate is high and it seriously threatens the life.Adrenal crisis is often lack of specific manifestations, and usually begin with gastrointestinal symptoms, accompanied by circulatory dehydration, neuropsychiatric symptoms, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia and hypoglycemia.Glucocorticoid replacement therapy is important.Active prevention can reduce the incidence of crisis and improve prognosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 31-35, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885476

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of chronic kidney disease (CKD) at the stage 3-5D in children with renal anemia, and provide reference data for standardized diagnosis and treatment.Methods:A single-center retrospective study was conducted to collect clinical data in children with CKD at Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2016 to December 2018. The patients were divided into CKD stage 3 group, stage 4 group and stage 5 group according to estimated glomerular filtration rate. The indexes of anemia among the groups were compared. Data on anemia indicators, treatment, and anemia improvement in maintenance dialysis children at stage 5D were analyzed.Results:A total of 171 children with CKD were included in the study. The hemoglobin levels in CKD stage 3 group, stage 4 group and stage 5 group were (126.4±20.5) g/L, (90.8±26.0) g/L and (78.7±18.4) g/L, respectively, and there was a statistical difference among the groups ( χ2=61.982, P<0.001; trend test F=71.061, P<0.001). The incidences of anemia in children with CKD stage 3, stage 4 and stage 5 were 27.3% (9/33), 83.3% (25/30) and 95.4% (105/108), respectively. Mild, moderate and severe anemia in children with CKD stage 3 accounted for 15.2%(5/33), 12.1% (4/33) and 0(0), respectively. Mild, moderate and severe anemia in children with CKD stage 4 accounted for 26.7% (8/30), 50.0% (15/30) and 6.7% (2/30), respectively. Mild, moderate and severe anemia in children with CKD stage 5 accounted for 21.3%(23/108), 60.2%(65/108) and 15.8%(17/108), respectively. Anemia type was mostly normocytic anemia. The hemoglobin of 30 children with CKD stage 5D at the initial stage of dialysis was (79.3±16.3) g/L. Twenty-three children with CKD stage 5D received erythropoietin combined with oral iron or intravenous iron therapy. The hemoglobin compliance rates in children with maintenance dialysis in initial phase, 1 month, 2 months and 3 months were 6.7% (2/30), 16.7%(5/30), 63.3%(19/30) and 90.0%(27/30), respectively. The correction time for anemia was (2.5±1.0) months. Twelve children with CKD stage 5D received iron sucrose infusion, and no adverse reaction occurred. Conclusions:Renal anemia has a high incidence in children with CKD. Early and standardized treatment is of great significance to improve outcome of renal anemia. Venous iron infusion is a safe and effective treatment method for children with maintenance dialysis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885311

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of modified technique of ureter implantation in murine renal transplantation.Methods:Thirty left donor kidneys from BALB/c mice was transplanted into syngeneic mice. Cuff technique was applied for anastomosing kidney artery and vein. The procedure of ureter-bladder anastomoses shifted from implication-fixation-embedding to fixation-implication-embedding. Operative duration, recipient survival rate and complications were recorded.Results:Time for separating vessels, perfusion and excision of donor graft was (25±3) min, (10±6) s for warm ischemia and (25±5) min for cold ischemia. Time for separating recipient vessels was (12±5) min, (7±1) min for arterial anastomosis, (7±1) min for venous anastomosis, (13±2) min for ureter-bladder anastomosis, (5±1) min for right kidney excision and (5±1) min for abdominal closure. Operative duration was(77±3)min. Twenty-six recipients survived over 3 months. The successful operative rate was 86.7%.Conclusions:With a shorter learning curve, modified technique of ureter implantation is easier and faster so as to reduce the postoperative incidence of urinary tract complications during murine renal transplantation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnosis and treatment of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) post-kidney transplantation in children.Methods:Clinical data were retrospectively analyzed for 6 FSGS children after transplantation from 2015 to 2019. Massive proteinuria (3.2-13 g/24 h) occurred at 4 days-49 days post-transplantation. For proteinuria, glucocorticoid plus therapeutic plasma exchange and/or rituximab were provided with supplemental ACEI/ARB drugs. Five cases received tacrolimus as maintenance therapy while another case had cyclosporin A as an initial intensive therapy and switched to tacrolimus.Results:Four cases achieved complete remission after therapy. One recipient showed partial remission. During a follow up period of 11 months to 4 years, serum creatinine remained normal and stable in five cases while one died from severe pulmonary infection.Conclusions:Once FSGS occurs post-transplantation, prompt treatment of pulse glucocorticoid plus therapeutic plasma exchange and/or rituximab with supplemental ACEI/ARB drugs may yield favorable outcomes.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870548

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics and outcomes of pediatric kidney transplantations at a single center and discuss the related clinical issues.Methods:From January 1990 to October 2019, clinical data were analyzed retrospectively for 244 pediatric renal transplants. The youngest recipient was aged 1.8 years and the median age of pediatric recipients was 12.2 years. The major disease was primary or hereditary glomerulonephritis ( n=160, 69.0%), congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), cystic renopathy and other hereditary nephropathies ( n=55, 23.7%). The donor sources included traditional deceased donor ( n=42, 17.2%), living-related donor ( n=19, 7.8%) and organ donation ( n=183, 75.0%). The median age of donors was 2 years (0-51) and the median weight 12.0(2.7-72.0) kg. From January 2013 to October 2019, 170 cases), the major induction immunosuppression regimen was anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) ( n=110, 64.7%) or basiliximab ( n=58, 34.1%). The maintenance regimen was tacrolimus + mycophenolic acid (MPA) + glucocorticosteroids. Finally the outcomes and the complications were analyzed. Results:The survival rates of 244 kidney allograft recipients were 98.1%, 94.5% and 93.4% and the graft survival rates 92.6%, 84.2% and 82.0% at 1/3/5 years respectively. Ten recipients died of accident ( n=2, 20.0%), pneumonia after transplantation ( n=2, 20.0%) and intracranial hemorrhage ( n=2, 20.0%). Thirty-three recipients lost their allografts mainly due to intravascular thrombosis in graft ( n=5, 14.3%), acute rejection ( n=5, 14.3%) and death ( n=9, 25.7%). Besides, among 109 deceased donor allograft recipients, the postoperative outcomes were delayed graft function recovery (DGF) ( n=27, 24.8%), arterial thrombosis ( n=6, 5.5%), venous thrombosis ( n=1, 0.9%), graft perirenal hematoma ( n=6, 5.5%), raft artery stenosis ( n=10, 9.2%) and graft ureteral fistula ( n=1, 0.9%). The incidence of acute rejection was 17.5% and 23.2% at 1/3 year respectively. The recurrent rate of primary disease was 6.9%, including primary FSGS ( n=3, 42.9%) and IgA nephropathy ( n=2, 28.6%). At 1/3 year post-operation, the incidence of pulmonary infection was 16.9% and 22.4% and the incidence of urinary tract infection 26.9% and 31.7%. Excluding recipients with graft failure, the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 1/2/3 year postoperatively was (80.3±25.2), (81.4±27.8) and (71.8±27.6) ml/(min·1.73 m 2)respectively. Conclusions:The outcomes of pediatric renal transplantations are excellent at our center. Future efforts shall be devoted to optimizing the strategies of donor kidney selection and strengthening preoperative evaluations, perioperative and postoperative managements for improving the long-term outcomes of pediatric renal transplantations.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864015

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the etiology, complications and treatment of children with chronic kidney disease(CKD), in order to provide evidence for the comprehensive management.Methods:The clinical data of 371 children patients with CKD at stage 2 to 5 admitted to the Department of Nephrology, Beijing Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2012 to December 2018 were collected.The etiology, complications and treatment and other data were retrospectively investigated and analyzed.Results:(1)A total of 371 children with CKD were enrolled, and the male to female ratio was 1.44∶1.00.Thirty-five cases aged from 0 to 3, 54 cases aged from 4 to 6, 189 cases aged from 7 to 12, 93 cases aged from 13 to 18.Eleven cases were diagnosed at stage 2, 59 cases at stage 3, 62 cases at stage 4, and 239 cases at stage 5.(2) In all patients, 135 cases (36.39%) had congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract(CAKUT), 77 cases (20.76%) had glomerular diseases, 21 cases (5.66%) had hereditary kidney diseases, 12 cases (3.23%) had tubulointerstitial diseases, 4 cases (1.08%) had inherited metabolic diseases, 5 cases (1.35%) had other diseases and in 117 cases (31.64%) the causes of disease were unknown.(3) Renal biopsy was performed in 57 cases with the rate of renal biopsy of 15.36%.The main pathologic types included focal segmental glomerulosclerosis(18 cases, 31.58%), sclerosing glomerulonephritis (13 cases, 22.81%) and tubulointerstitial nephropathy (10 cases, 17.54%). (4)Anemia and secondary hyperparathyroidism(SHPT) were the most common complications, accounting for 77.90% (289 cases) and 73.05% (271 cases), respectively, followed by hypertension (183 cases, 49.33%), cardiovascular disease (CVD) (139 cases, 37.47%) and protein-energy wasting (PEW) (51 cases, 13.75%) successively.The incidence of hypertension, anemia, SHPT and CVD in children with CKD at stage 5 were significantly higher than those in CKD at stage 2-4, and the differences were statistically significant( χ2=50.03, 122.36, 77.07, 64.89, all P<0.01). The incidence of hypertension and CVD in patients with glomerular diseases were higher than those in CAKUT patients, and the differences were statistically significant( χ2=65.63, 40.89, all P<0.01). The incidence of PEW in CAKUT was higher than that in patients with glomerular diseases, and the difference was statistically significant( χ2=10.58, P<0.01). (5)Initial renal replacement therapy was performed in 190 children, hemodialysis in 129 cases (67.89%), peritoneal dialysis in 31 cases (16.32%), and 30 cases (15.79%) refused treatment There was no transplant patient in initial treatment modality. Conclusions:In the center, the major cause of CKD stage 2 to 5 in children was CAKUT, but the proportion of CAKUT and glomerular diseases was similar in CKD stage 5.The most common complication of CKD in children is anemia.Hypertension, anemia, SHPT and CVD increased with the progression of CKD staging.SHPT usually occurs in children with CKD stage 4 and 5.The incidence of complications in children with CKD caused by different factors is different.Hemodialysis is the main method of initial renal replacement therapy in the center.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863729

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of children's massage combined with traditional Chinese medicine hot compress in the treatment of children with night crying heart and spleen fever syndrome.Methods:From April 2017 to January 2019, 90 children with nocturnal crying heart and spleen fever syndrome in the Department of Pediatrics, Shijiazhuang Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, who met the selection criteria were divided into 2 groups according to random numbers, with 45 cases in each group. The control group was given oral calcium and vitamin D, and the observation group was given children's massage combined with traditional Chinese medicine hot compress treatment. Both groups were treated for 7 days. The scores of TCM syndromes were performed before and after treatment, and the improved SPIEGEL sleep scale was used to evaluate the sleep quality of the children, and to evaluate the efficacy of crying and TCM syndromes.Results:After treatment, the scores of the primary and secondary symptoms in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t values were 44.449, 46.204, 56.476, respectively, all Ps<0.001); SPIEGEL sleep scale score (4.7 ± 0.9 vs. 8.3 ± 1.4, t=14.715) was significantly lower than that of the control group ( P<0.01). While the tongue coating and fingerprint abnormalities did not change significantly after treatment in both groups ( χ2 values were 0.403, 0.401, respectively, all Ps>0.05). The total effective rate of crying in the observation group was 91.1% (41/45) and that in the control group was 62.2% (28/45). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=10.497, P<0.01). The total effective rate of TCM syndromes in the observation group was 97.8% (44/45) and the control group was 48.9% (22/45). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=27.500, P<0.01). Conclusions:Pediatric massage therapy combined with traditional Chinese medicine hot pack can improve the TCM syndromes and symptoms of children with night crying heart and spleen fever syndrome, relieve sleep dysfunction, and improve clinical efficacy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828671

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of catch-up growth of body height after kidney transplantation in children and related influencing factors.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed from the chart review data of 15 children who underwent kidney transplantation in Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from July 2017 to November 2019. According to whether the increase in height standard deviation score (ΔHtSDS) in the first year after kidney transplantation reached ≥0.5, the children were divided into a catch-up group with 8 children and a non-catch-up group with 7 children. According to whether final HtSDS was ≥-2, the children were divided into a standard group with 6 children and a non-standard group with 9 children. The features of catch-up growth of body height and related influencing factors were compared between groups.@*RESULTS@#The data showed that median ΔHtSDS was 0.8 in the first year after transplantation, which suggested catch-up growth of body height. There was a significant difference in HtSDS between the non-catch-up and catch-up groups (P<0.05). Baseline HtSDS before transplantation was positively correlated with HtSDS at the end of follow-up (r=0.622, P<0.05) and was negatively correlated with ∆HtSDS in the first year after transplantation (r=-0.705, P<0.05). Age of transplantation and mean dose of glucocorticoid (GC) per kg body weight were risk factors for catch-up growth after kidney transplantation (OR=1.23 and 1.74 respectively; P<0.05), while baseline HtSDS and use of antihypertensive drugs were independent protective factors for catch-up growth (OR=0.08 and 0.18 respectively; P<0.05); baseline HtSDS and ΔHtSDS in the first year after kidney transplantation were influencing factors for final HtSDS (β=0.984 and 1.271 respectively; P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Kidney transplantation should be performed for children as early as possible, growth retardation before transplantation should be improved as far as possible, and multiple treatment methods (including the use of GC and antihypertensive drugs) should be optimized after surgery, in order to help these children achieve an ideal body height.


Subject(s)
Body Height , Body Weight , Child , Glucocorticoids , Growth Disorders , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 643-647, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805446

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics, trend and related factors of tuberculosis patients that delayed for care, in Wuhan from 2008 to 2017.@*Methods@#Data regarding tuberculosis (TB) patients was collected from the tuberculosis management information system (TMIS), a part of the China information system for disease control and prevention from 2008 to 2017. A total of 64 208 tuberculosis patients, aged 0 to 95 years were included for the analysis. Unconditional logistic regression method was used to estimate those factors that associated with this study.@*Results@#Days of delay among TB patients appeared as M=10 (P25-P75: 3-28) day, in Wuhan, 2008-2017. The prevalence of the delay was 52.5% (33 703/64 208), presenting a downward trend from 2008 to 2017 (trend χ2=10.64, P<0.001), but the proportions of women and ≥65 year-olds were gradually increasing. Results from the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that factors as: patients living far away from the city vs. near the city (OR=1.29, 95%CI: 1.25-1.35), and age above 45 years vs. younger than 25 years (the age 45-64 years group vs. aged less than 25 years group, OR=1.22, 95%CI: 1.15-1.29; the age 65 or above group vs. aged less than 25 years group, the OR=1.30, 95%CI: 1.22-1.39) were under higher risk on the delay of seeking care. Occupation, way of case-finding and classification of tuberculosis patients also appeared as influencing factors on this issue.@*Conclusions@#Prevalence on the delay of care was 52.5% among tuberculosis patients in Wuhan, 2008-2017, but with an annual decrease. Attention should be paid to female, wrinkly or elderly tuberculosis patients regarding the delay of care on TB, in Wuhan.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791840

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the strategies of desensitization treatment for ABO incompatible (ABOi) related living-donor kidney transplantation .Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 14 recipients undergoing ABOi related living kidney transplantation from July 2015 to December 2018 .The clinical outcomes and expenditures of desensitization treatment before and after optimizing desensitization were compared .Results After desensitization treatment , 14 recipients successfully underwent ABOi-kidney transplantation . Within 2 weeks post-transplantation , blood group antibody rebounded to 1:64 in only 1 recipient .Within 1 week post-transplantation ,the serum creatinine levels decreased to 85-165 μmol/L in 14 recipients .Thirteen patients stabilized after 1 week while another patient had an elevated level of serum creatinine at Day 12 post-operation and renal allograft function recovered after treatment . Two cases of rejection were diagnosed by clinical manifestations and 1 case was confirmed by pathological biopsy . Five cases of programmed renal allograft biopsy indicated critical or suspected acute T-lymphocytic rejection within 1 year .Thirteen cases (92 .6% ) demonstrated varying degrees of peritubular capillary deposition of C 4d .One case developed BK viral uropathy within 1 year and four patients of pulmonary infections requiring hospitalization were cured after treatment . During an early stage , the incidence of postoperative infection was 57 .14% and declined to 14 .29% after optimized desensitization .The expenditure of early desensitization treatment was (27004 .86 ± 10719 .85) yuan and (10612 .29 ± 8143 .05) yuan after optimization .And the expenditure of optimized desensitization was significantly lowered (P<0 .05) . During follow-ups ,renal allograft function of 14 recipients remained decent .And the survival rate of recipient/allograft was 100% up to the statistical cut-off point .Conclusions Both desensitization strategies may achieve the goal of desensitization for ABOi kidney transplantation and the outcomes are excellent .The expenditure of desensitization treatment is significantly lowered after optimization .

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774107

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of galactose-deficient IgA1 (Gd-IgA1) in the early diagnosis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 67 hospitalized children who were definitely diagnosed with HSPN between January and April 2018 and 58 hospitalized children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) were enrolled in the study. Twenty children undergoing routine physical examinations served as controls. The levels of serum and urine Gd-IgA1 were determined using ELISA. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to analyze the value of serum Gd-IgA1 and urine Gd-IgA1/urine creatinine ratio in the diagnosis of HSPN.@*RESULTS@#The level of serum Gd-IgA1 and urine Gd-IgA1/urine creatinine ratio in children with HSP or HSPN were significantly higher than those in healthy control group (P<0.01), with a significantly greater increase observed in children with HSPN (P<0.01). Serum Gd-IgA1 ≥1 485.57 U/mL and/or urine Gd-IgA1/urine creatinine ratio ≥105.74 were of favorable value in the diagnosis of HSPN. During the six-month follow-up of the 49 children with HSP, the incidence of HSPN was 47% (23/49), which included a 100% incidence in children with serum Gd-IgA1 ≥1 485.57 U/mL and a 73% incidence in children with urine Gd-IgA1/urine creatinine ratio ≥105.74.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Serum and urine Gd-IgA1 is of favorable clinical value in the early diagnosis of HSPN.


Subject(s)
Child , Early Diagnosis , Galactose , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , IgA Vasculitis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755926

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy and safety of mizoribine (MZR) in initial immunosuppression in living-related renal transplant recipients.Methods From October 2015 to October 2017,twenty-two patients undergoing initial living-related renal transplantation received MZR (3-4 mg/kg/d) plus tacrolimus and corticosteroid.During a follow-up period of 12 months,patient/graft survival,incidence of acute rejection and adverse events were observed.Results There was no onset of graft loss and death and acute rejection rate was 22.7%.Renal allograft function remained stable.The incidence rate of cytomegaloviral infection was 4.5% and no CMV disease occurred.The incidence of BKV viruria was 36.4% and the infection rate was 18.2%.Digestive symptoms occurred (n =3,13.6%).The major side effect of hyperuricemia could be controlled without reduction or withdrawal of MZR.Conclusions Excellent graft survival can be achieved when using MZR as initial immunosuppression in living-donor renal transplant recipients,yet the incidence of acute rejection remains high.Further study is required for determining the effect of MZR in the prevention of BK viral infection during renal transplantation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755915

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy and safety of febuxostat in the treatment of hypemricemia in renal transplant recipients.Methods A total of 124 renal transplant patients with hyperuricemia receiving febuxostat between June 2016 and July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Uric acid (UA),liver function and renal function parameters before and 3 months after treatment were compared.Adverse events,recipient and renal allograft survival were recorded throughout the follow-up period.Results Serum level of uric acid significantly decreased after 3-month treatment (P<0.001).And 66.1% of them achieved target UA level at Month 3 after dosing.Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was maintained.No severe adverse event was observed.All recipient and renal grafts survived during the follow-up period.Conclusions Febuxostat is both effective and safe in the treatment of hyperuricemia in renal transplant.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792109

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of form deprivation on the morphology of different types of RGC in mice.Methods Sixty B6.Cg-Tg (Thy1-YFP) HJrs/J transgenic mice were randomly assigned to form-deprived group (n=28) and control group (n=32). The right eyes of mice in the form-deprived group were covered by an occluder for 2 weeks as experimental eyes. The right eyes of mice in the control group were taken as control eyes. Before and 2 weeks after form deprivation, the refraction and ocular biometrics were measured; RGC were stained with Bra3a antibody and counted; the morphology of RGC was reconstructed with Neuroexplore software after immunohistochemical staining. The data was compared among experimental eyes, fellow eyes and control eyes by one-way analysis of variance.Results Two weeks after form deprivation, the axial myopia was observed in the experimental eyes (refraction:F=15.009,P<0.001; vitreous chamber depth:F=3.360,P=0047; ocluar axial length:F=5.011,P=0013). The number of RGC in central retina of the experimental eyes was decreased compared with the fellow eyes and the control eyes (F=4.769,P=0.035). The reconstructed RGC were classified into 4 types according to their dendritic morphology. Form deprivation affected all 4 types of RGC but in a different way. Among them, 3 types of RGC were likely contribute to form vision perception. Form deprivation increased the dendrite branches in these types of ganglion cells. However, form deprivation decreasd dendrite segment numbers in both eyes and the intersection and length insholl analyse type 4 ganglion cells which were morphologically identified as ipRGC.Conclusion Form deprivation distinguishingly affects the morphology of different types of RGC, indicating that form vision and non-form vision play different role in myopia development.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710708

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical outcome of renal transplantation and analyze the risk factors influencing the kidney allograft survival after transplantation.Methods The clinical data of 524 cases of renal transplantation between January 2007 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Serum creatinine was determined,and glomerular filtration rate(GFR) was estimated.The 1-,2-and 3-year patient and graft survival after transplantation was calculated.Adverse events were recorded.Results The median follow-up time was 17.2 months.The 1-,2-and 3-year graft survival rate after transplantation was 97%,95.8% and 95.3%,respectively.The 1-,2-and 3-year patient survival rate after transplantation was 97.8%,97% and 97%,respectively.The eGFR was (67.6 ± 24.1),(68.9±24.2) and (72.7 ± 26.2) ml·min-1 ·1.73 m-2 at 1st,2nd and 3rd year after transplantation.The incidence of delayed graft function(DGF) was 20.6% (108/524).Multivariate analysis revealed donor type (P =0.005) and the terminal creatinine (P<0.001) were the independent risk factors of DGF.Elder recipients (P =0.004),recipients with diabetes(P =0.031),preoperative positivity of panel reactive antibody(PRA) (P =0.023),and donor with hypertension (P =0.046) were risk factors influencing the kidney allograft survival.Conclusion Kidney transplantation showed good outcomes at 3rd year after transplantation.The recipient age,recipient's history of diabetes,preoperative PRA and donor's history of hypertension are independent risk factors for renal graft survival.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665865

ABSTRACT

Objective To scientifically measure the workload of basic public health services project on village level .Methods 257 village doctors and 24 public health administrators that work in rural health clinics in Qianjiang city ,Hubei province and Qianjiang distrcit ,Chongqing city were sampled ,with questionnaire survey and key informant in-depth interview methods used to screen basic public health service projects affordable on village level ,for workload measurement .Results 35 basic public health service projects were chosen as the measurement projects regarding their relative workload. Hypertension follow-up workload 100 was set as the benchmark ,finding the rest relative workload of other projects range from11~936 .Conclusions It is reasonable to use the relative value measurement based on RBRVS theory on village level basic public health service projects. Results of this study can offer support for the pricing and further dynamic modification of the basic public health service projects .

17.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 282-285, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706082

ABSTRACT

Medical social work is an important component in the modern health care system. As an important medium and bridge between medical staffs and patients, medical social worker get involved in the field of communi-cation between doctors and patients with professional methods and path of social work, so as to improve doctor-pa-tient relationship and promote the harmony and stability of doctors and patients. In clinical practice, medical social workers actually encountered various dilemmas, such as the difficulties of medical teams' integration, lack of medi-cal expertise, the shortage of personnel allocation. Combined with the actual situation of social work development, this paper explored and gradually formed a new auxiliary mode for medical social workers in children' s special hos-pitals-medical social workers assistant. After some medical staffs are trained in social work knowledge, case refer-ral, intern band education, advocacy of social work concept and other work are conducted in the ward. And the practical experience and effectiveness are discussed and summarized and the future development is made a pros-pect.

18.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 53-57, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809767

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the prognosis and risk factors of pyelectasis in high-risk infants.@*Methods@#This was a retrospective study. Totally 960 high-risk infants, who accepted type B ultrasonic examination for fetus at 28th week of gestation and for newborns in 48 hours after birth, were included in the study in departments of obstetrics and eonatology, Shunyi Maternal and Children's Hospital of Beijing Children's Hospital during May 2012 to April 2013. The degree of pyelectasis was classified using Grignon grade and the paients were followed up for 3 years. The factors of epidemiology, high risk pregnant women, fetus and high-risk newborns that relate to pyelectasis were summarized. High-risk factors were analyzed by using logistic multivariate regression analysis.@*Results@#Of 960 high-risk infants, 103 had abnormal urinary ultrasound results, 87 (9.1% of high-risk infants) were diagnosed with pyelectasis, 16 (1.7% of high-risk infants) were diagnosed with congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract. According to the degree of pyelectasis, 68 infants were Grignon grade Ⅰ, male:female ratio=5.8∶1, left side:right side ratio=1.91∶1; 19 infants were Grignon grade Ⅱ, male:female ratio=5.33∶1, left side:right side ratio=2.12∶1. Postnatal follow-up results showed that pyelectasis disappeared in 48 cases (55% of pyelectasis cae), 40 infants were Grignon grade Ⅰ (59% of all Grignon grade Ⅰ patients), 8 infants were Grignon grade Ⅱ (42% of all Grignon grade Ⅱ patients); The result of risk factors analysis showed that the risk of pyelectasis in males was 4.368 times that of females (95%CI: 2.33-8.189, P<0.05); the risk of pyelectasis in low birth weight infants was 22.434 times that of non low birth weight infants (95% CI: 5.883-85.547, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The incidence of pyelectasis in high-risk infants was 9.1%. The mitigation rate of pyelectasis in Grignon grade Ⅰ to Ⅱ in fetal or newborn period is high. Patients in Grignon grade Ⅲ and above in fetal or new born period had high risk of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract. The risk of pyelectasis of male was higher than that of female; the risk of pyelectasis of low birth weight infant was higher than appropriate for gestational age infants.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 896-899, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620137

ABSTRACT

Mizoribine(MZR), as an orally prescribed immunosuppressive agent, has been applied in the prevention of rejection after kidney transplantation.MZR requires individual dosing due to the variation of bioavailability.However, therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of MZR is not well developed in China, as compared to other clinically used immunosuppressive agents.To our knowledge, this is the first TDM review of MZR.Pharmacokinetic characteristic, concentration determination methods and sample selection of MZR were summarized, also the rational therapeutic window was proposed.Furthermore, gene polymorphism and population pharmacokinetics of MZR were estimated.This review will provide reference for TDM-based individual dosing of MZR in renal transplant recipients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667483

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the effect of renal impairment on the pharmacokinetics of mycophenolate mofetil in Chinese adult renal recipients during the early post-transplant period.Methods Thirty Chinese renal allograft recipients treated with mycophenolate mofetil in combination with tacrolimus and corticosteroids were divided into three groups based on their renal functions.Group Ⅰ had preserved renal function (eGFR≥90 mL/min/1.73 m2,n =9);Group Ⅱ had moderate renal insufficiency (30≤eGFR<90 mL/min/1.73 m2,n =12) and Group Ⅲ had severe renal impairment (eGFR <30 mL/min/1.73 m2,n =9).mycophenolic acid (MPA) exposure and MPA glucuronide (MPAG) exposure were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)at first month after transplantation.MPA-AUC0-12h and MPAG-AUC0-12h were calculated by the linear trapezoidal rule.Results Mean MPA-AUC0-12h values were similar between group Ⅰ and group Ⅱ(37.8 ± 15.6 vs.54.5 ± 27.0μg·h·ml-1,P>0.05).MPA-AUC0-12h values were significantly higher in group Ⅲ than in group Ⅰ (75.7-±29.5 vs.37.8-± 15.6μg·h·ml-1,P<0.05).The severe renal insufficiency group showed a significantly increased AUC0-12h for MPAG (1899.1 ± 987.1 μg·h· ml-1vs.859.9 ± 261.4 vs.692.6 ± 384.8,P<0.05).There was no significant difference in MPAGAUC0-12h between group Ⅱ and Group Ⅰ (P =0.532).Conclusion In adult renal recipients during the early post-transplant period,total MPA exposure was significantly increased because of severe renal insufficiency with oliguria or anuria.Adjusting MMF dose according to renal function may help to prevent side effects and improve efficacy.

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