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1.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 185-190, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881006

ABSTRACT

After one-month of oral treatment with traditional Chinese medicine decoction, without using other drugs, the lung inflammatory exudate, pulmonary fibrosis and quality of life of a 61-year-old female patient with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were significantly improved. No recurrence or deterioration of the patient's condition was found within seven weeks of treatment and follow-up, and no adverse events occurred, indicating that oral Chinese medicine decoction was able to improve the pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis in a patient recovering from COVID-19, but further research is still needed.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , COVID-19/virology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Exudates and Transudates , Female , Humans , Inflammation/etiology , Lung/pathology , Magnoliopsida , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Phytotherapy , Pulmonary Fibrosis/etiology , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756719

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in uterine tissues of rats with primary dysmenorrhea (PD), thus to explore the possible mechanism of EA for PD. Methods: Fifty female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, an EA at non-acupoint group, an EA at acupoint group and a Western medicine group, with 10 rats in each group. Except for the normal group, rats in the other four groups were treated with estradiol benzoate combined with oxytocin for 11 d to establish PD rat models. From day 1 of the modeling, rats in the normal group and the model group were only properly grasped without any intervention; Guanyuan (CV 4) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) were selected for EA treatment in the EA at acupoint group; rats in the EA at non-acupoint group were treated with EA at 5 mm away from the acupoints selected above; rats in the Western medicine group were treated with ibuprofen via gavage. Rats in each group were treated for 10-day successively. On the 11th day, except for the normal group, rats in the other groups were intraperitoneally injected with oxytocin (2 U/rat), and the writhing number within 30 min in each group was compared; the pathological changes in rat uteruses were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the pathological damage scores were evaluated. Protein expression levels of NF-κB p65, phospho-NF-κB p65, NLRP3, cysteine aspastic acid-specific protease 1 (caspase-1), interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18 were detected by Western blot. Results: Compared with the normal group, the writhing number increased significantly (P<0.05), and the extensive exfoliation of the endometrium, severe edema, and histopathological score all increased significantly in the model group (P<0.05) as well as the protein levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β and IL-18, and the ratio of phospho-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65 in rat uterine tissues (all P<0.05); compared with the model group, the numbers of writhing reaction decreased within 30 min (P<0.05), the endometrial exfoliation was rare, the edema degree was mild, and the histopathological scores decreased significantly (all P<0.05) in the EA at acupoint group and the Western medicine group; compared with the model group, the phospho-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65 ratio and the NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β and IL-18 protein levels of rat uterine tissues in the EA at acupoint group were significantly lower (P<0.05); compared with the model group, the caspase-1, IL-1β and IL-18 protein levels of the rat uterine tissues decreased significantly (all P<0.05), and the differences in the NLRP3 and phospho-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65 levels were statistically insignificant (all P>0.05) in the Western medicine group; compared with the Western medicine group, the phospho-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65 ratio, also the NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 protein levels of the uterine tissues decreased significantly in the EA at acupoint group (all P<0.05), while the difference in the caspase-1 level was statistically insignificant (P>0.05); there were no significant differences between the EA at non-acupoint group and the model group in any indicators (all P>0.05). Conclusion: EA at acupoints significantly improves the pain and pathological damages of PD rats. The mechanism may be related to the reduced uterine inflammation via inhibiting NF-κB phosphorylation and NLRP3 activation in uteruses of PD rats.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817722

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To explore clinical manifestations and features of renal uric acid excretion in gout patients with obesity.【Methods】Totally 228 primary gout patients were enrolled and divided into three groups according to body mass index(BMI). Clinical and fasting blood biochemical analysis data were collected. Indices of renal uric acid excretion were calculated according to 24 h urinary uric acid and urinary creatinine.【Results】The obese group(n = 44)was younger than overweight group(n = 88)and non-overweight group(n = 96)[43(32,57)years vs 55(45,65)years,58(45,67)years],with earlier onset age[37(26,48)years vs 48(38,59)years],higher serum uric acid[594(522,697)μmol/L vs 511(372,653)μmol/L]and had more hypercholesterolemia(56.8% vs 31.3%)and low density lipoproteinemia(59.1% vs 47.9%)compared with non-overweight group. The ratio of hypertriglyceridemia(43.5% and 37.5% vs 17.7%)and metabolic syndrome(50.0% and 36.4% vs 12.5%)in the overweight and obese group were both higher than non- overweight group. Fraction excretion of uric acid(FEUA)in obese group[5.5(3.6,7.4)% vs 7.0(5.2,9.8)%]was lower than non-overweight group,and the glomerular filtration load of uric acid[5.3(4.2,7.5)mg·min- 1 ·1.73 m- 2 vs 3.5(2.2,5.2)mg·min-1·1.73 m-2]in obese group was higher than that in non-overweight group(All P < 0.0167). Multivariate regression analysis showed that overweight or obesity were negatively correlated with FEUA(All P < 0.05).【Conclusion】High uric acid load of serum and glomerular filtration in gout patients with obesity may be due to the relative insufficiency of renal uric acid excretion.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698961

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique in detection of pediatric helicobacter pylori(HP) infection.Methods A total of 130 children with different digestive tract symptoms received esophagogastroduodenoscopy,and 120 children between 3 and 17 years old were enrolled.The gastric antrum mucosa was taken under the gastroscope for 2 blocks,and the gastric juice was absorbed as the specimen.One block of gastric antrum mucosa was examined histopathologi-cally,and the other block of gastric antrum mucosa and gastric juice were examined by PCR.We used the primers UreC,HP-16s,CSTP to detect HP,and then used the primers Cag750 and Cag595 to detect CagA. Results A total of 28 cases(23.33%) of upper gastrointestinal ulcer were detected by gastroscopy,and HP was detected by histopathological method in 26 cases(21.67%),and 41 cases(34.17%) were detected by PCR method.The detection rate of HP by PCR was significantly higher than that of HP in pathological method (χ2= 4.659,P = 0.031). By pathological examination of HP,14 cases (50%) and 12 cases (13.04%) with peptic ulcers and no peptic ulcers were detectd,and the difference in detection rate was statistically significant(χ2=17.275,P<0.001).Samples of children with peptic ulcers and no peptic ulcers were detected in 16 cases(57.14%) and 25 cases (27.17%) by PCR,and the difference in detection rate was statistically significant (χ2=8.572,P=0.003).The CagA were detected in 7 cases of peptic ulcers and 7 cases of non peptic ulcers by PCR,and the difference in detection rate was statistically significant(25.00%vs 7.61%,χ2=6.300,P=0.012).Conclusion The PCR method could quickly and sensitively detect the HP and its CagA gene,and the detection of gastric mucosa and gastric juice by PCR could improve the detection rate of HP.A combination of PCR and pathological method is suggested as the detection method for children′s HP infection.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752066

ABSTRACT

Objective: To extract and analyze the characteristics and rules of acupoints selection of the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome in acupuncture and moxibustion. Methods: The clinical literatures on acupuncture and moxibustion in treatment of OAB published in the last 10 years (2017.01.01-2018.05.18) were retrieved in Chinese and English electronical database, and the characteristics and rules of acupoints selection in treating OAB were analyzed and summarized. Results: According to the inclusive exclusion criteria, a total of 18 articles were included, and acupuncture and moxibustion were used to treat the disease through statistical analysis. (1) The selected acupoints in the first four places of frequency are as follows: CV3 (8.3%), BL32 (8.3%), CV4 (8.3%), SP6 (8.3%); (2) The higher frequency of meridian is followed by bladder meridian of foot-taiyang (37), conception vessel (34), spleenmeridian of foot-Taiyin (14), stomach meridian of foot-Yangming (8); (3) The site of acupoints selection is mostly concentrated in abdomen parts (34.9%) and lumbosacral parts (32.1%); (4) Specific acupoint is mainly made of Rendezvous points (30.0%) Raise points (22.2%) and Besu acupoint (12.0%); (5) Prescription consists of 8-10 acupuncture points (55.6%) . Conclusion:Acupuncture and moxibustion treatment of OAB is the method in which is mainly consisted of the CV3, BL32, CV4, SP6, in which is mainly a differentiation of meridian combined with viscera disease position, when selecting the prescription not only considering to adjust the function of zang-fu organs, but also aiming at critical pathological links. in which mainly take the main points according to distinguishing the disease and following the meridian, using the combination of local and distal points' extraction.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360182

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correlation between blood concentrations of tacrolimus (FK506) and cystatin C (Cys C) and the effect of FK506 on glycolipid metabolism in renal transplant recipients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 325 patients receiving renal transplantation between August, 2014 and September, 2015 in Nanfang Hospital were divided into 4 groups according to the postoperative time (1 month group, 1-3 months group, 4-6 months group, and 7-12 months group). FK506 blood trough concentration was measured at the time of postoperative follow-up, and creatinine (Scr) and Cys C levels were also detected. Results Plasma FK506 concentration decreased with age in the recipients and showed a positive correlation with Cys C (r=0.985, P=0.015) but no obvious correlation with Scr (r=0.259, P=0.741). FK506 had no effect on blood glucose (5.53-5.59 mmol<L) or blood lipids (TG 1.47-1.55 mmol<L, TC 5.04-5.17 mmol<L, LDL-C 3.00-3.07 mmol<L, and VLDL 0.73-0.76 mmol<L) in patients 1-6 months after renal transplantation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>FK506 does not affect the level of glycolipid metabolism in patients after renal transplantation. Cys C is positively related to blood concentration of FK506 in the renal transplantation recipients. The rational use of FK506 can improve the effectiveness and safety of the treatment in the recipients.</p>

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360153

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To optimize the formulation of an emollient for treatment of atopic dermatitis prepared using ceramide, sodium hyaluronate, paeonol, and camellia-seed oil.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The emollients with different ratios of the 4 components were designed according to the L9(34)orthogonal table with 4 factors and 3 levels. The efficacy of the prepared emollients was tested in 4-6 week-old BALB/c mouse models of atopic dermatitis to determine the optimal formulation of the emollient by evaluating skin water content, transepidermal water loss (TEWL), pharmacodynamics and skin irritation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Range analysis of the orthogonal table and analysis of variance showed that ceramide and camellia seed oil contents had the greatest impact on the skin water content and TEWL, respectively, and the optimal composition of the emollient contained the 4 components at the ratios of D1E1F1G1. Pharmacodynamic experiments showed that at high, medium and low doses, the emollient with the optimal formulation significantly improved the skin water content, pH and TEWL in the mice (P<0.05) with similar effects in the positive control group (P>0.05) and a skin irritation test score of 0.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The emollient we prepared can significantly improve skin water content, pH and TEWL in the mouse model of atopic dermatitis without skin irritations.</p>

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312645

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of carbamazepine on serum metabolic profiles in rats using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four healthy male Wistar rats were randomized into 4 groups (n=6) for daily intragastric administration of high-, medium- or low-dose carbamazepine or distilled water (control) for 7 days. Blood samples were collected from the abdominal aortic under anesthesia after the treatment to determine serum carbamazepine concentration using high-performance liquid chromatography. ¹H nuclear magnetic resonance (¹H NMR) spectra were acquired for pattern recognition analysis. Histopathological changes of the renal and liver tissues of the rats were also examined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Steady-state blood concentration of carbamazepine in high-, medium- and low-dose groups were 14.64 ± 1.41, 8.54 ± 1.19, and 4.56 ± 0.64 µg/ml, respectively. Slight liver swelling was found in high-dose group, but none of the groups showed renal pathologies. Compared with the control group, the high-dose carbamazepine group showed lowered serum concentrations of 1,3-diaminopropane, deoxycorticosterone, 7-dehydrocholesterol, betaine, beta-alanine, L-cystathionine, 4-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid, and creatine with increased levels of saccharides, lactate, succinic acid, acetyl phosphate, and adipic acid. Principal component analysis revealed significant differences of the metabolites between carbamazepine-treated groups and the control group. The metabolic profiles showed no differences in the kinds of metabolites although the concentrations of the metabolites varied between the carbamazepine groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Carbamazepine significantly affects metabolism in normal rats. This finding provides evidence for clinical drug monitoring and drug safety of carbamazepine. NMR technique has important values for pharmacodynamic and toxicological evaluation of drugs.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Carbamazepine , Blood , Kidney , Pathology , Liver , Pathology , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Male , Metabolomics , Principal Component Analysis , Rats , Rats, Wistar
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1200-1206, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283953

ABSTRACT

The structure and function of the glycoprotein (GP) Ib-IX-V complex has been extensively investigated over the decades due to its vital role in platelet activation. For the lack of nucleus in platelets, researchers usually need to study the GPIb-IX-V complex by transfecting wild type or mutant GPIb-IX-V plasmids into other mammalian cell lines, such as CHO or HEK 293T. Therefore, whether the characteristics of the GPIb-IX-V complex in these cell lines can truly represent that in platelets is pivotal to determine whether these cell lines are appropriate for GPIb-IX-V complex studies. In order to determine the most appropriate cell line to study the GPIb-IX-V complex, the surface expression level of the complex in different cell lines was detected and whether difference among cell lines will affect expression of the complex was explored in the present study. The different combinations of the GPIb-IX-V subunits were transfected into cell lines from different species or different tissues, such as CHO, HEK293T and HeLa, and the surface expression levels of the complex were detected by flow cytometry. The results indicated that in both transiently and stably transfected CHO cells, surface expression of GPV depended on the presence of the GPIb-IX complex, which is consistent with that in human platelets. In contrast, GPV could be efficiently expressed on surface in HEK 293T cells even in the absence of GPIb-IX, although the inter-subunit dependence within the GPIb-IX complex is still similar to that in CHO cells or human platelets. Further studies in HeLa, MES13 and HUVEC cell lines revealed that GPV could be efficiently expressed on the surface by itself in HeLa and MES13 cells, but not in HUVEC, suggesting different behaviors of the GPIb-IX-V complex in difference cell lines. It is concluded that this study provides some guidance and advice to future GPIb-IX-V complex studies, especially to the choice of suitable cell line. HEK 293T cell line, for example, is likely to provide misleading results since it could not represent the fact in human platelets, thus is not the optimal choice for the GPIb-IX-V complex, particularly the GPV subunit.


Subject(s)
Animals , CHO Cells , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , HEK293 Cells , Metabolism , Humans , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIb-IX Complex , Genetics , Metabolism , Transfection
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326936

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of three children with ornithine carbamoyltransferase deficiency(OTCD), and to provide a practical method for gene diagnosis and genetic counseling of the disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All exons of the ornithine carbamoyltransferase (OTC) gene were screened by polymerase chain reaction-DNA direct sequencing in the three OTCD patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>One patient firstly presented as vomiting at 6 month of age. A missense mutation of T262I was detected. His mother had the same mutation without any clinical symptoms. The second patient presented as restlessness, and had a missense mutation of R277W. Gene analysis of his parents was not available. The third patient presented as neonatal lethargy, harbored a missense mutation of I172M. His mother had the same mutation without any clinical symptoms.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Gene mutation analysis is a feasible way for diagnosing OTCD. Patients with I172M mutation present symptom early, while those with T262I and R277W mutations manifest symptoms later. Gene mutation analysis will be important for asymptomatic and prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling.</p>


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Child , Exons , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mutation , Genetics , Ornithine Carbamoyltransferase , Genetics , Ornithine Carbamoyltransferase Deficiency Disease , Genetics , Pathology
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