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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905981

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Daizongfang (DZF) on insulin resistance (IR) of adipocytes induced by different methods. Method:The cocktail induction method was adopted to induce the differentiation and maturity of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. An IR model in mature adipocytes was established by the induction of palmitic acid (PA), high-concentration glucose (HG), and dexamethasone (DEX). DZF extracts at different concentrations (2.0, 0.5, 0.1 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) intervened for 24 hours. A model group, a rosiglitazone (RSG) group, and a blank control group were set up at the same time. The glucose concentration in the culture supernatant was measured by the glucose oxidase-peroxidase (GOD-POD) method. Glucose consumptions under basic conditions (G<sub>Basic</sub>) and insulin stimulation (G<sub>Ins</sub>) were calculated to evaluate the insulin sensitivity index (ISI). The mRNA expression of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) was detected by the real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Result:Compared with the model group, the DZF (2.0 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) showed increased G<sub>Basic</sub>, G<sub>Ins</sub>, and ISI in three IR models (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). In addition, for the PA-induced IR model, G<sub>Basic</sub> and G<sub>Ins</sub> in the DZF (0.5 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) group were elevated (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and G<sub>Basic</sub>, G<sub>Ins</sub>, and ISI in the RSG group increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). For the HG-induced IR model, G<sub>Ins</sub> and ISI increased in the DZF (0.5 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and G<sub>Basic</sub>, G<sub>Ins</sub>, and ISI were elevated in the RSG group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). For the DEX-induced IR model, G<sub>Ins</sub> and ISI increased in the RSG group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). In the three models, there were differences among groups with different doses. G<sub>Basic</sub>, G<sub>Ins</sub>, and ISI in the high-dose DZF group increased in varying degrees compared with those in the medium- and low-dose DZF groups (<italic>P</italic><0.05). In the three models, the DZF (2.0 g·L<sup>-1</sup>) group and the RSG group both increased GLUT4 mRNA expression (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:DZF can reduce IR of adipocytes induced by HG, DEX, or PA in a dose-dependent manner and increase glucose uptake in an insulin-independent manner, which may be related to the increase in GLUT4 expression.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921694

ABSTRACT

Phenylpropanoids are one of the major chemical constituents in Zanthoxylum species. They include simple phenylpropanoids, coumarins, and lignans and possess anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-platelet aggregation, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, insecticidal, and antifeedant activities. This review summarizes the chemical constituents and pharmacological activities from the Zanthoxylum plants in hopes of providing reference for the research and application of phenylpropanoids from this genus.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Coumarins/pharmacology , Lignans , Plant Extracts , Zanthoxylum
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912851

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore whether acupuncture can improve sleep disturbance, cognitive impairment and emotional disorders caused by sleep deprivation, and its association with the attenuation of oxidative stress injury in prefrontal cortex. Methods: Fifty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a control group (n=10), a model group (n=14), a manual acupuncture (MA) group (n=14), and a sham-MA group (n=14). All the groups were established as sleep deprivation models via the modified multiple platform method, except for the control group. Rats in both the MA group and the sham-MA group received corresponding intervention, respectively. After modeling and intervention, the four groups received three behavioral tests, namely sleep monitoring, by comprehensive lab animal monitoring system (CLAMS), Morris water maze (MWM) test and open-field test (OFT), followed by oxygen free radical level test and Western blot (WB) detection for the expression levels of Bax and Bcl-2. Results: The MA group derived more sleep time within 24 h than either the model group or the sham-MA group (both P<0.05). On MWM orientation navigation test day 1, there were no significant differences in escape latency among the control, MA and sham-MA groups (P>0.05), and the escape latency was significantly shorter in these three groups than that in the model group (all P<0.05). On test day 4, the escape latency was markedly shorter in the MA group than that in either the model group or the sham-MA group (both P<0.05); meanwhile, the MA group showed significantly better performance compared with these two groups in space probe test (both P<0.05). In OFT, compared with the control group, there was a significant decline in the horizontal movement score in the other three groups (all P<0.05), and the decrease was more significant in the model group and the sham-MA group than that in the MA group (both P<0.05). The superoxide dismutase (SOD) content was markedly higher and the malondialdehyde (MDA) content was markedly lower in the MA group than those in the model group and the sham-MA group (all P<0.05). Compared with the model group and the sham-MA group, the expression of Bax was significantly lower and the expression of Bcl-2 was significantly higher in the MA group (all P<0.05). Conclusion: MA therapy can lengthen the sleep time in sleep-deprived rats and improve learning and memory impairments induced by sleep deprivation, and the underlying mechanism may be associated with the enhancement of antioxidant capacity in the prefrontal cortex and the inhibition of hippocampal neuronal apoptosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911450

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the dynamic change and clinical impact of DEK-NUP214 fusion gene in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods:Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) and multicolor flow cytometry (FCM) were used to detect DEK-NUP214 gene expression and leukemia-associated immunophenotype (LAIP) in 15 newly diagnosed patients with positive DEK-NUP214 and receiving allo-HSCT from September 2012 to September 2017 at Peking University People′s Hospital. The clinical outcome was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves. The impact of DEK-NUP214 expression was analyzed by log-rank test.Results:The subjects were followed-up with a median period of 657 (62-2 212) days. The median DEK-NUP214 expression level at diagnosis was 488% (274%-1 692%). Thirteen patients achieved complete remission before allo-HSCT. Thirteen patients had a residual DEK-NUP214 expression of 0.38% (0.029%-738.9%) before allo-HSCT. After allo-HSCT, DEK-NUP214 expression in 9/13 patients remained positive, which dropped by around 500 folds (5.7-5 663.0 folds) within a month post-transplant. Five patients died and 2 patients relapsed. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse in patients with positive DEK-NUP214 before transplant was 17.5%±11.3% and the 3-year overall survival was 60.5%±13.8%. After allo-HSCT, DEK-NUP214-negative patients had a better outcome.Conclusion:Quantitative monitor of DEK-NUP214 fusion gene could be a sensitive indicator of MRD status after allo-HSCT.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 768-772, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911112

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and feasibility of urethroplasty using inner prepuce graft combined with Orandi flap for the treatment of the obliterated penile urethral atresic stricture.Methods:From January 2016 to September 2019, the clinical data of 18 obliterated penile urethral stricture cases were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients were treated using inner prepuce flap combined with Orandi Flap. The average age of the patients was 62.1 years old (range 20-81 years old). Ten cases had suprapubic cystostomy before operation. The maximum flow rate was 1.6-6.2 ml/s, with an average of 4.2ml/s. The intubation general anesthesia and lithotomy position was used. The foreskin of penis was incised longitudinally. The urethra was exposed and the segment of stricture was opened longitudinally. The range of stricture length was measured with soft ruler, ranging from 2.0 to 7.5 cm, with an average of 5.0cm. After the fibrotic tissue was completely removed, the dorsal inner prepuce was incised with needed length and width for harvesting a free skin flap in order to transplant and reconstruct the dorsal urethral. The Orandi flap was used to cover the ventral urethra, and a F14-16 silicone catheter was retained. The length range of the inner prepuce graft was 2.0-7.5 cm, with an average of 5.1cm; the width was 1.2-1.8 cm, with an average of 1.4cm. The length of Orandi flap was 2.2-7.7 cm, with an average of 6.0cm; the width was 1.0-1.5 cm, with an average of 1.3 cm. The catheter was removed 3-4 weeks after operation. The patients were then followed up after 3, 6 and 12 months postoperatively and then with annual assessments for the symptoms, urinary flow rate, and urethrography or soft urethroscopy when necessary.Results:All of the 18 operations were completed successfully. The patients were followed up for 6-36 months, with an average of 22 months. There were 5 patients with terminal dripping, 4 patients with recurrent urinary tract infection within half a year after operation, and antibiotic treatment being effective. The quality of life scores at 3 months and 6 months after operation were 0.8 (0-2) and 0.6 (0-1), respectively, which were statistically significant compared with before operation ( P<0.001). Conclusions:The use of free inner prepuce flap combined with Orandi flap is an effective treatment for the obliterated penile urethral atresic stricture, especially for the patients who are unwilling or unsuitable to harvest the oral mucosa. It has the advantages of convenient harvesting and less complications.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 763-767, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911111

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics and the management of male genital lichen sclerosus (MGLSc)accompanied by urethral carcinoma.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 16MGLSc accompanied by urethral carcinoma patients who were referred to Shanghai Sixth People’s Hospital between June 2000 and August 2019. The average age was 53.7 (45-69) years. All of the patients had a mean history of MGLSc 15(6-35) years, anterior urethral stricture received urethral dilatation and other inappropriate urethrotomy treatment for 10 (8-15) years. There were 5 cases of solid mass 4.5 (3-7) cm in scrotum, accompanied by obviously pain. There were 11 cases of infective masses 6(4-10)cm in the perineum, and the masses were ulcerated with purulent secretions and residue-like pus mixed with necrotic tissues draining from the wounds. Urethrocutaneous fistula developed in 9 cases, and the secretions in the fistula cannot heal. The diseased tissue was confirmed by pathology as the metastasis of invasive urothelial carcinoma in 12 patients and urethral squamous cell carcinoma in 4 patients. 9 cases of tumor invaded corpus spongiosum or corpus cavernosum, 5 cases invaded corpus spongiosum or corpus cavernosum, with enlarged firm one side inguinal node. 2 cases of tumor invaded corpus cavernosum, beyond prostatic capsule and bladder neck, bilateral palpable inguinal lymph nodes metastasis were found, one case found tumor involved the left testis. 9 cases were T 2-3N 0M 0, 5 cases T 2-3N 1M 0, 1 case T 3N 2M 0, 1 case T 4N 2M 1. 5 patients with substantial tumors located in the scrotum, penile-sparing scrotum tumor, urethral tumor resection and urethrostomy was performed in 2 patients. Partial phallectomy, urethral tumor resection and perineal urethrostomy were performed in 3 patients. 11 patients with urethral cancer complicated with perineal infectious mass, 2 patients underwent extensive resection of the tumor and suprapubic cystostomy. 8 cases with perineal tumor infection complicated with urethrocutaneous fistulas formation, of which 2 patients received perineal mass, urethral tumor, fistula resection and suprapubic cystostomy, 4 patients with unilateral inguinal lymph node metastasis and received perineal mass, urethral tumor, fistula, lymph node resection and suprapubic cystostomy. 2 patients with bilateral inguinal node metastasis underwent total phallectomy and urethrectomy, inguinal lymph node resection and suprapubic cystostomy. One case of perineal infectious mass with urethral cutaneous fistula and unilateral inguinal lymph node metastasis (T 2-3N 1M 0) gave up tumor resection. Results:The pathological examination of surgical resection of the glans and urethra showed typical MGLSc manifestations as epithelial keratinization, basal cell vacuoles degeneration, dermis lymphocyte infiltration. The pathological examination of the surgical excised diseased urethra and surrounding tumor tissue showed invasive urothelial carcinoma in 12 patients. Immunohistochemical staining showed positive expression of P53, Ki-67 and GATA3. 4 patients of urethral squamous carcinoma and immunohistochemical staining showed positive expression of Ki-67, P40 and GATA3. All patients received cisplatin combined with gemcitabine chemotherapy for an average of 4.8 (2-6)courses and received local radiotherapy (50-70Gy/5w). The mean postoperative survival time of the 16 patients was 26 (3-48) months, and the survival time of urethral transitional cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma was 29 (18-48) months and 18 (3-24) months, respectively. All patients died of tumor metastasis, with 6 patients of lung metastsis, 2 patients of lumbar and bone metastasis, 3 patients of liver metastasis, 2 patients of brain metastasis and 3 patients of lung combined with bone metastasis.Conclusions:MGLSc can cause urethal stricture and urethral carcinoma. The clinical manifestations are dysuria, urinary tumor, repeated infection and urethral fistula. Tumor excision and urinary diversion are common surgical methods. Urethral transitional cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are common pathological types. Postoperative combined radiotherapy and chemotherapy can be used, but the overall prognosis is poor.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 609-614, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911080

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare efficacy and erectile function outcome of Non-transecting Urethroplasty (NTU)with excision and primary anastomotic urethroplasty(EPA) in the management of bulbar urethral stricture.Method:A retrospective analysis of the case data of 73 patients with bulbar urethral stricture admitted to Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital from January 2016 to December 2019. The patients are 18 to 60 years old, because of the stenosis of the bulbous urethra, the length of the stenosis is less than 2 cm, and there is no history of urethral surgery, no multiple urethral stricture, and no obvious ED before surgery. According to the operation method, the patients were divided into 25 cases in NTU group and 48 cases in EPA group. The ages of the NTU group and the EPA group were (39.2±9.4) years and (42.1±9.3) years, respectively. The course of the disease was 6.0(3.0-14.0) months and 6.5(3.0-11.0) months, respectively, and the body mass index was (23.7±3.2) kg/m 2 and (24.5±2.7) kg/m 2, the preoperative maximum urine flow rate (Q max) was (8.7±4.3) ml/s and (7.9±4.6) ml/s, respectively, and the length of the stenosis was respectively (1.7±0.4) cm and (1.8±0.2) cm, the preoperative International Erectile Function Questionnaire (IIEF-5) was (20.9±1.9) points and (21.3±2.1) points, respectively, the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The etiology of NTU group and EPA group were 8 cases (32.0%) and 31 cases (64.6%) of trauma, 11 cases (44.0%) and 9 cases (18.8%) of iatrogenic injury, and 6 cases (24.0%) and 8 cases (16.7%), the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.023). All operations were performed by the same team of doctors. The urethral scar was assessed during the operation. If the scar tissue can be completely removed without breaking the urethra, NTU is performed. The distal end of the urethra is cut at the dorsal side of the narrow segment of the urethra, and the urethral scar is removed in a transverse wedge shape. The urethra is sutured; otherwise, EPA is performed, the urethra is completely cut off, the stricture of the urethra and surrounding scar tissue is completely removed, and the urethra end-to-end anastomosis is performed. Record the operation time and intraoperative bleeding. Difficulty urinating after surgery, urethral microscopy and urethral angiography showed that the urethral stricture at the surgical site was defined as a failure of the operation. The urinary catheter was removed 3 weeks after surgery, urine flow rate was measured at 3 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months after surgery, erectile function was evaluated 12 months after surgery, and urethral angiography was performed 1 to 2 years after surgery. Result:All 73 operations in this study were successfully completed. The operation time of NTU group and EPA group were (67.6±11.3) min and (62.7±10.1) min, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P=0.063); intraoperative blood loss was (71.6±16.2) ml and (86.0±20.8) ml, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.004). The postoperative median follow-up time was 18.0 months (13-38 months). The surgical success rates of the NTU group and EPA group were 92.0%(23/25) and 93.8%(45/48), respectively. The Q max of the NTU group and the EPA group were (26.7±3.6) ml/s and (28.1±8.7) ml/s, (25.2±3.5) ml/s and (26.7±8.1) ml/s, (25.0±4.3) ml/s and (26.2±7.2) ml/s; the IIEF-5 scores were (21.8±1.6) and (20.6±2.9) points respectively at 12 months after operation, the difference was both No statistical significance ( P>0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in IIEF-5 between NTU group and preoperative ( P=0.023). Conclusion:NTU can achieve the same outcomes as EPA in the management of bulbar urethral stricture. More importantly, the continuance of bulbar urethra is attained and avoiding rupture of bulbar cavernous artery, so as to protect the blood supply of penile and erectile function. NTU is a minimally invasive, feasible surgical method, which is advised for the patients with shorter stricture segment and fewer fibrosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885165

ABSTRACT

Objective:Donor cytomegalovirus (CMV) serological negative status may have an adverse effect on the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), while there is inadequate data for Chinese people. This study is to explore the impact of donor CMV serological status on the outcome of CMV seropositive patients receiving allo-HSCT.Methods:Our study retrospectively analyzed 16 CMV seropositive patients with hematological malignancies receiving allogeneic grafts from CMV seronegative donors (antibody IgG negative) at Peking University People′s Hospital from March 2013 to March 2020, which was defined as D -/R + group. The other 64 CMV seropositive patients receiving grafts from CMV seropositive donors at the same period of time were selected as matched controls through a propensity score with 1∶4 depending on age, disease state and donor-recipient relationship (D +/R + group). Results:Patients in D -/R + group developed CMV DNAemia later than patients in the D +/R + group (+37 days vs. +31 days after allo-HSCT, P=0.011), but the duration of CMV DNAemia in D -/R + group was longer than that of D +/R + group (99 days vs. 34 days, P=0.012). The rate of CMV reactivation 4 times or more in D -/R + group was 4/16, significantly higher than that of D +/R + group (4.7%, 3/64, P=0.01). The incidences of refractory CMV DNAemia (14/16 vs. 56.3%, P=0.021) and CMV disease (4/16 vs. 4.7%, P=0.01) in D -/R + group were both higher than those in D +/R + group. In addition, the application of CMV-CTL as the second-line antiviral treatment in D -/R + group was more than that in D +/R + group. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis suggested that CMV serological negativity is an independent risk factor for refractory CMV DNAemia and the duration of CMV infection. The cumulative incidence of aGVHDⅡ-Ⅳ, cGVHD, 3-year probability of NRM, overall survival, and the cumulative incidence of relapse were all comparable in two groups. Conclusions:Although there is no significant effect on OS and NRM, the incidence of refractory CMV DNAemia, the frequency of virus reactivation, and the development of CMV disease in D -/R + group are higher than those in controls. Therefore, CMV seropositive donors are preferred for CMV seropositive patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 65-66, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884961

ABSTRACT

With the popularization of ureteroscopy, ureteral avulsion has become a common complication of urological surgery in recent years. In the study, we reviewed the clinical management of 2 patients who underwent emergency ureterostomy and selective operation of ileoureteral substitution, emergency repair and selective operation of Boari-flap ureteroneocystostomy respectively. After 22 and 17 months of follow-up, no ureter stricture were found, and hydronephrosis were relieved compared with preoperative in both.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 28-32, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884953

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore management experience for post-adolescent postoperative urethral stricture of hypospadias in a single center.Methods:The clinical data of 71 cases of postoperative urethral stricture of post-adolescent hypospadias from January 2015 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The average age was 27.7(12-65) years. The mean duration of urethral stricture was 33.4(1-240) months. The number of prior surgeries was 2.5(1-9). There were 32 cases of ectopic urethral orifice, including 22 on penile, 8 on scrotum and 2 on perineum. There were 17 cases of urethral stricture with penile curvature, 11 with urethra-cutaneous fistula, 9 with urethral diverticulum, 11 with urethral calculus and 25 with urethral infection. Ten patients kept suprapubic tubes; 61 patients were able to urinate on their own, but suffered from dysuria and weak steam. The average maximum uroflow rate of 71 cases was 4.7(0-11.2) ml/s. The primary urethral reconstruction procedures were performed on 33 cases, included 11 penile or scrotal septum flap urethroplasty, 2 urethral diverticulum wall flap urethroplasty, 12 oral mucosal urethroplasty and 8 urethrotomy. Thirty-three cases underwent two-staged surgery. For patients with penile curvature greater than 30 degrees, the penis was straightened with a urethrotomy in first stage. Besides, the dorsal skin of penis or oral mucosal graft were transferred to the ventral side of the penis to the preset urethral plate. In second-stage, Denis Brown urethroplasty was performed on 23 patients, tubularized incised plate (Snodgrass) urethroplasty on 6, and oral mucosa inlay urethral plate (Snodgraft) urethroplasty on 4. In 5 cases, preplacing of oral mucosa was done in the second stage with a third-staged urethroplasty. Penile curvature was relieved by ventral scar resection with the folding the dorsal tunica albuginea of corpus cavernosum when necessary.Results:The mean follow-up time was 30.5(4-59) months. Sixty-one patients got satisfying postoperative urination, with an average maximum uroflow rate of 22.7 ml/s (15.8-37.2 ml/s). Restenosis occurred in 10 cases, and urethral fistula in 7 cases. Re-stricture patients underwent urethrotomy in 5 cases, augmented urethroplasty with flap in 4 cases, and urethroplasty with oral mucosal graft in 1 case. Among the 7 patients with urethral fistula, 5 were cured by one fistula repair, and 1 cured by second repair; the rest one was left untreated. 2 patients still had penile curvature after operation.Conclusions:It is difficult to manage post-adolescent postoperative urethral stricture of hypospadias, especially for patients with residual penile curvature greater than 30 degrees and lack of penile skin. Performing correction of the curvature and reconstruction of the urethral plate in first stage and Denis Brown urethroplasty or Snodgrass urethroplasty in second or third stage could achieve good results.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 627-632, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the MRI features of cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation (CAA-ri).Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 12 patients with CAA-ri diagnosed in Affiliated Guizhou Aviation Industry Cor Ltd No 300 Hospital of Zunyi Medical University (9 cases), Xingyi People′s Hospital (2 cases) and Anshun people′s Hospital (1 case) from June 2013 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 3 females and 9 males, aged from 57 to 89 years old, with an average age of 71±10 years. The twelve patients included 5 cases with probable CAA-ri and 7 cases with possible CAA-ri. The duration of the disease ranged from 30 minutes to 2 years. One patient has ApoE ε4/ε4 gene overexpressed. All the 12 patients underwent MRI, including susceptibility weighted imaging in 12 cases, DWI in 10 cases, contrast enhanced MRI (CE-MRI) in 9 cases, MRS in 3 cases, MRA in 7 cases, and perfusion-weighted imaging in 1 case.Results:Imaging features of CAA-ri included encephalopathic, tumoral, classical cerebral amyloid angiopathy(CAA) manifestations. Twelve cases of encephalopathic manifestations showed patchy white matter hyperintensity (WMH) involving U-shaped fibers on T 2 weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequence (FLAIR), usually asymmetric,with various degree of mass effect, no diffusion restriction on DWI and no enhancement on CE-MRI. One case showed a single tumoral lesion with irregular enhancement on CE-MRI. The classic CAA findings included hemorrhagic lesions (microhemorrhage in 8 cases, lobar hemorrhage in 6 cases, subarachnoid hemorrhage in 3 cases, iron deposition on the brain surface in 7 cases) and ischemic lesions (microinfarction in 1 case, enlarged perivascular space and interlobar space in 4 cases). Follow-up showed lesions absorption and/or new lesion formation in 5 cases. Conclusions:The MRI features of CAA-ri are mainly patchy WMH involving U-shaped fibers on T 2 FLAIR, usually asymmetric, with wandering and alternating features, and inconsistency with clinical manifestations.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888484

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effects of alfacalcidol on serum 25-(OH)D@*METHODS@#A total of 200 children with HSP were prospectively enrolled from June 2018 to June 2020. According to the random number table method, they were divided into an observation group and a control group (@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the observation group showed a significantly higher serum 25-(OH)D@*CONCLUSIONS@#Alfacalcidol can increase the serum 25-(OH)D


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Hydroxycholecalciferols , Interleukin-6 , Prospective Studies , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/drug therapy
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828181

ABSTRACT

Tissue engineering technology and stem cell research based on tissue engineering have made great progresses in overcoming the problems of tissue and organ damage, functional loss and surgical complications. Traditional method is to use biological substitute materials to repair tissues, while tissue engineering technology focuses on combining seed cells with biological materials to form biological tissues with the same structure and function as its own to repair tissue defects. The advantage is that such tissue engineering organs and tissues can solve the problem that the donor material is limited, and effectively reduce complications. The purpose of tissue engineering is to find suitable seed cells and biomaterials which can replace the biological function of original tissue and build suitable microenvironment . This paper mainly describes current technologies of tissue engineering in various fields of urology, and discusses the future trend of tissue engineering technology in the treatment of complex urinary diseases. The results of this study show that although there are relatively few clinical trials, the good results of the existing studies on animal models reveal a bright future of tissue engineering technology for the treatment of various urinary diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biocompatible Materials , Humans , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds , Urology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824955

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on the behaviors of rat with anxiety disorder, and the expressions of hippocampal neurotransmitters including 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA), and the expressions of hippocampal B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2 associated X (Bax).Methods: Forty-six male Wistar rats were randomly divided into a control group (n=10), a model group (n=12), an EA group (n=12), and a drug group (n=12). Except the control group, the other three groups were established into rat models of anxiety disorder using uncertain empty bottle stimulation. Rats in the EA group and the drug group received corresponding interventions for 15 consecutive days [EA group was given EA at Baihui (GV 20) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6); the drug group was given aqueous solution of alprazolam via intragastric administration]. After intervention, all four groups received open-field test (OFT) and elevated plus-maze (EPM) for behavioral evaluations. The expressions of 5-HT, NE and DA in hippocampus were determined by fluorescence spectroscopy (FS) while the expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in hippocampus were determined by Western blot (WB). Results: The OFT horizontal scores in the control group, EA group and drug group were significantly higher than that in the model group (all P<0.05), and the difference between the EA group and the drug group was statistically insignificant (P>0.05); the OFT vertical scores in the model group, EA group and drug group were significantly lower than the score in the control group (all P<0.05). The EPM percent of open-arm entries (OE%) in the control group, EA group and drug group was higher than that in the model group (P<0.05), and the differences among these three groups were statistically insignificant (P>0.05); though the percent of open-arm total time (OT%) in the EA group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05), the difference was statistically insignificant when compared with the drug group (P>0.05), and it was significantly higher than that in the model group (P<0.05). The expression of 5-HT in the EA group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05); the expression of 5-HT in the EA group was significantly lower than that in the model group (P<0.05); the difference between the EA group and the drug group was statistically insignificantly (P>0.05). The expression of NE in the model group was significantly higher than that in the other three groups (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference among these three groups (P>0.05). The expression of DA in the EA group was significantly higher than that in the control group and the drug group (both P<0.05), while the difference between the EA group and the model group was statistically insignificant (P>0.05). The expression of Bax in the model group was significantly higher than that in the other three groups (all P<0.05), whereas the expression of Bcl-2 in the model group was significantly lower than that in the other three groups (all P<0.05), and the differences in both Bax and Bcl-2 among the other three groups were statistically insignificant (all P>0.05). Bax/Bcl-2 in the EA group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05) and lower than that in the model group (P<0.05), and the difference was statistically insignificant when compared with the drug group (P>0.05). Conclusion: EA shows promising effects in attenuating rats' anxiety disorder, which may be achieved by the down-regulation of the expressions of 5-HT and NE in the hippocampus and/or inhibition of hippocampal neuronal apoptosis. The efficacy is comparable to that of intervention with alprazolam.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872258

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 since December 2019 is a major test of China′s major infectious disease treatment system and emergency response mechanism. The shortcomings exposed in the response to the epidemic have prompted people to think seriously about further improving the construction of the national treatment system for major infectious diseases and the emergency response mechanism, and promoting the overall improvement of the national biosafety governance capacity. This article considered these problems in term of major infectious diseases prevention and control to safeguard national security strategy, improve national major infectious disease monitoring and early warning mechanism, consummate the national major infectious diseases treatment system, implement the strategy of major infectious diseases treatment elements reserves management and practical value, and promote the development of infection control subjects.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872215

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between death indicators and unplanned return indicators on healthcare quality evaluation.Methods:A total of 836 976 medical record data were collected from 31 tertiary public general hospitals in a diagnosis-related groups(DRG) data platform in 2017. Multiple death indices(low and low-risk risk group mortality, high-risk group mortality, crude mortality, and risk adjusted mortality) and unplanned return indices(31-day unplanned readmission rate and 31-day unplanned return to surgery rate) were calculated. Pearson′s correlation coefficient was used to examine the relationships among those indices.Results:Death indicators were correlated with each other, but the unplanned readmission rate was not correlated with the unplanned reoperation rate( r=0.305). There was no correlation between unplanned re-entry rate and death rate. The correlation coefficients were as follows: unplanned readmission rate versus low and low-risk group mortality( r=-0.227), versus high-risk group mortality( r=-0.098), versus actual mortality( r=-0.130), versus risk adjusted mortality( r=0.010); unplanned reoperation rate versus low and low-risk group mortality( r=0.105), versus high-risk group mortality( r=0.030), versus actual mortality( r=-0.004), versus risk adjusted mortality( r=-0.141). Conclusions:The indicators of death and the indicators of unplanned return are not the same in terms of actual management technology and evaluation effect. They are complementary to each other and can form an ideal combination of quality evaluation indicators.

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Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 272-276, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871539

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Objective:To explore the characters of CDU imaging anatomy and results of clinical application of perforating branch of median cubital vein, and to find the evidence of utilizing perforating vein to establish high level hemodialysis access.Methods:From November, 2016 to October, 2019, 150 median cubital veins in 75 persons were observed by CDU. And the inner diameter and length of the perforating branch were measured Perforating branches of median cubital vein were categorized with ultrasonic imaging anatomy. Thirty-eight chronic kidney failure patients who can not build forearm fistulas were operated by end-to-side anastomosis between perforating branch vein and brachial artery to build hemodialysis access. The blood flow of fisultas was measured,the mature period of fisultas was recorded. The length of available vessels of fisultas was measured and the long-term utilization rate of fisultas was counted.Results:Perforating branch of median cubital vein was always located in a little below elbow near brachial artery, the rate of occurrence was 94.0%. It was sent out at intersection of veins. There were 4 types of perforating vein in image-anatomy. There was no significant difference in vessel length and vessel inner diameter between different types ( P>0.05) ; All the 38 patients with mature fistulas could meet the needs of hemodialysis. The available vascular length of fistulas in type I and type II patients was better than that in type III ( P<0.01), and the long-term utilization rates of fistulas in type I, type II and type III were 84.6%, 85.7% and 72.7%, respectively. There was no significant difference in blood flow and mature period between different types ( P>0.05) . Conclusion:It is most safe and reliable to use the type I and type II of perforating branch of median cubital vein to make the high level fistulas , which can provide a safe and efficient hemodialysis access for the patients with forearm vascular drain, elderly diabetes patients and difficult fistulas with repeatedly thrombosis.

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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 32-36, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798859

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Objective@#To analysis the risk factors for stricture recurrence after excision and primary anastomotic urethroplasty(EPA).@*Methods@#209 urethral stricture cases managed with EPA were retrospectively studied from January 2017 to December 2018 in our center. Of all the patients, 183 cases were diagnosed as posterior urethral stricture and 26 cases were diagnosed as bulbar urethral stricture. Their age ranged from 5 to 78 years(mean 42.1 years). 25 cases(12.0%) were defined as the obesity, whose BMI was more than 28 kg/m2. 12 cases(5.7%) has the history of diabetes mellitus. 103 cases(49.3%) smoked at least three months before operation. 127 cases(60.8%) didn't have the history of dilation. 42 cases(20.1%)had the history of dilation once or twice. 40 cases (19.1%)had the history of dilation more than three times. The history of urethroplasty included once in 38 cases(18.2%)and more than twice in 8 cases(3.8%). The location of stricture included posterior urethral stricture in 183 cases and bulbar stricture in 26 cases. The history of stricture ranged from 1 to 360 months(mean 35.1 months). The stricture length was(3.19±0.65)cm. The causes including trauma in 190 cases, iatrogenic urethral injury in 12 cases, inflammatory in 2 cases and others in 5 cases. The standard of stricture recurrence were defined as the urination difficulty after removal of catheter and endoscopic or radiographic evidence of obstruction in the area of repair. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed by the use of Cox′s proportional hazards regression model to identify the related factors for stricture recurrence.@*Result@#The following up period was ranged from 3 to 32 months(average 18.78 months). Recurrence occurred in 31 cases in the period of 1.0 to 18.0 months(average 5.34 months). Factors had statistical differences in univariate analysis including stricture period(HR=1.007, P<0.001), stricture length(HR=5.334, P<0.001), history of direct vision internal urethrotomy (DVIU)(HR=2.901, P=0.003), history of urethral dilation ≥3 times(HR=6.214, P<0.001), history of urethroplasty 1 time, ≥2 times(HR=4.175, P=0.001, HR=9.885, P<0.001), 3 months smoking before surgery(HR=2.605, P=0.016), suprapubic cystostomy(HR=0.231, P=0.006), inferior pubectomy(HR=6.603, P<0.001). In multivariate analysis stricture length(HR=4.911, P<0.001), history of urethroplasty 1 time, ≥2 times(HR=2.387, P=0.045, HR=3.688, P=0.015), 3 months smoking before surgery(HR=2.730, P=0.030)were independent risk factors.@*Conclusion@#The urethral stricture recurrence mainly occurred within 6 months after surgery. The length of stricture, history of urethroplasty and 3 months smoking before surgery were the independent risk factors for stricture recurrence.

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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 825-829, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869773

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the outcomes of urethra around corpora cavernosus anastomotic urethroplasty for the treatment of complex posterior urethral strictures.Methods:Between June 2008 and June 2020, 35 patients with complex posterior urethral strictures were treated using urethra rerouted under one corpora cavernosus anastomotic urethroplasty. The patients’ age was 3-54 years(mean 23.2 years), the urethral stricture or loss length was 4-7 cm(mean 5.2 cm), and 6 patients associated with urethrorectal fistula. The technique involved: ①The anterior urethra is dissected long more than 5 cm, separation of the proximal corporeal bodies, inferior pubectomy and the dissected proximal urethra.②A channel around the left crus of the penis through the inferior pubectomy is separated and urethra rerouted under left corpora cavernosus to allow a tension-free anastomosis to the proximal urethra.Results:Two patients lost follow-up; the remainder 33 patients were followed-up for 3 to 144 months(mean 37 months). Thirty-two patients could void normally(97%), The examination of maximal urinary flow rates(Q max) were taken in 21 patients, of whom Q max was 13.6-35.5 ml/s (mean 17.5 ml/s) in 7 children and 16.3-77.6 ml/s(mean 27.9 ml/s) in 14 adult patients. All 6 patients associated with urethrorectal fistula successful repaired, of these patients 1 had died of hemorrhage of brain 6 years postop. One patient developed urethral stenosis postoperatively. Continence was achieved in 29 patients, the remaining 3 patients had incontinence from mild to moderate. Conclusions:Urethra rerouted under left corpora cavernosus anastomotic urethroplasty is not only an effective surgical salvage option, with low recurrent rate for patients with complex posterior urethral strictures, but also do not cause curve and affect growth of corpora cavernosus.

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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 555-558, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869691

ABSTRACT

The traditional androgen deprivation therapy has been challenged since the appearance of castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). More and more researches are focusing on searching the proper molecular target to inhibit the progression of tumors. Ubiquitin specific protease 7(USP7), as an important deubiquitinating enzyme, regulates the half-life or subcellular localization of key proteins via posttranslational modification. It has been reported recently that prostate cancer cells are suppressed by USP7 inhibitors, but the complicated mechanisms remain to clarify. In this paper, we review the mechanism of USP7 in prostate cancer, suggesting the potential value of USP7 inhibitors in the treatment of CRPC.

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