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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906264

ABSTRACT

The classical prescription Kaixinsan,which is recorded in an ancient medical book named Beiji Qianjin Yaofang,is one of the famous prescriptions used by ancient physicians to treat amnesia. Research on classical prescriptions has attracted more and more attention from scientific research institutions and related enterprises. Based on ancient books,textual research on origins and development of prescriptions,combing the evolution of prescriptions,preparations,oral ways,taboos and others are the important contents of the study on classical prescriptions. The research results show that the creation of Kaixinsan in Beiji Qianjin Yaofang can be traced back to Kaixinsan recorded in Jiyanfang and Dingzhiwan recorded in Gujinluyanfang. Later generations of physicians created many associated prescriptions in the process of applying Kaixinsan,and the efficacy of these prescriptions was constantly expanded with the development of the times. In the Tang and Song dynasties,Kaixinsan and its associated prescriptions were mainly used to treat amnesia,sorrow,fear,and other diseases. In the Jin and Yuan dynasties,these prescriptions were also used to treat convulsions and yawning. In the Ming dynasty, they were mainly for the treatment of hyperopia, myopia, sprematorrhea,and constipation. In the Qing dynasty,these herbs could be used to treat auricular deafness, aging and sweating. The dosage of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Poria should be increased in the treatment of farsightedness,spermatorrhea and blurred urine,and in the treatment of nearsightedness,the dosage of Polygalae Radix and Haliotidis Concha should be increased. The main pathogenesis of the disease that Kaixinsan and its associated prescriptions treated could be summarized as the deficiency of heart and spleen,imbalance between heart-Yang and kidney-Yin,and the internal resistance of phlegm stagnation. By summarizing the contents of the preparation of tradition Chinese medicine products for Kaixinsan and its associated prescriptions,it is suggested that the dosage form of Kaixinsan can be pills,with the specification size confroming to the most record of ancient generations of physicians,as big as Firmiana platanifolia's fruit.The volume of a single pill is about 0.25 mL and the weight is about 0.3 g. The initial dosage is fifteen pills,which can be modified according to the severity of the illness,with no more than forty pills for each time,three times a day. Also,some excitant food like the sour food,sweet food and mutton should be avoided during the medication. The above research results can provide literature basis for the development of compound tradition Chinese Medicine preparation of Kaixinsan.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906202

ABSTRACT

The Shentong Zhuyutang is recorded in an ancient medical book named Yilin Gaicuo, and it is one of the classical prescriptions. Based on the literature reviewed,it is generally found that the Shentong Zhuyutang is evolved from the prescription named Chentongsan that recorded by Danxi Xinfa. Statistics on the dosage of clinical research on this prescription in recent years, reference to the textbook and pharmacopoeia dose, at the same time to respect the original dosage, verify historical changes, and ensure the safety of prescriptions, at the same time consider the pharmacy's dispenses, the author recommends that the clinical dosage of Shentong Zhuyutang could be 3 gram of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix, 6 gram of Chuanxiong Rhizoma, 10 gram of Persicae Semen, 10 gram of Carthami Flos, 6 gram of Glycyrrhizae Radix Et Rhizoma, 3 gram of Notopterygii Rhizoma Et Radix, 5 gram of Myrrha, 12 gram of Angelicae Sinensis Radix, 5 gram of Cyperi Rhizoma,12 gram of Cyathulae Radix, and 6 gram of Pheretima used as a reference. The efficacy of the compound preparation can be marked as promoting blood circulation, removing blood stasis, removing wind and dampness, and relieving pain. At present, most of its research is focused on clinical research and experimental research, and there are few literature on the research of Shentong Zhuyutang from the level of key information verification. The diseases it treats include more than 10, such as Gubi, Pibi, Xuebi, shechuanchuan, headache, postpartum pain and dysmenorrhea, especially in the study of Gubi, which means that it has a huge market demand and broad development prospects in orthopedic diseases, the core point of "blood stasis and cold dampness evil" should be closely held in the course of treatment. Some scholars deem that Shentong Zhuyutang should not be used the method of Force Sweat in the treatment of Bizheng,while others believe that this prescription should be used with caution in menstruation, pregnancy and blood deficiency. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Shentong Zhuyutang has obvious anti-inflammatory, relieve pain, anticoagulan, nerve and bone protection. In view of the fact that there are less researches on Shentong Zhuyutang except for Gubi, this suggests that the mechanism of this prescription treat other diseases has a relatively broad research space.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872971

ABSTRACT

The research and development of classical prescriptions is an important way to promote the inheritance and innovation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and promote the modernization and internationalization of TCM. It is particularly important to summarize the historical development of the composition of classical prescriptions, so as to define their origin, taste efficacy and syndrome taboos. It is also the source to ensure the safety and effectiveness of the whole prescription. As a commonly used traditional Chinese medicinal material, Lycii Cortex is widely used and has a good prospect for research and development. There are five prescriptions containing wolfberry bark in the Catalogue of Ancient Classical Prescriptions(the First Batch). There are only a few modern literatures on the development of Lycii Cortex. Therefore, this paper will summarize the development of skeleton skin alias, origin, nature, taste, meridian, efficacy, syndromes and taboos in ancient books of the previous dynasties. Textual analysis found that Lycii Cortex was first recorded in the Fifty-two Pathogenic Prescriptions. Ancient books before the Han dynasty did not mention the Chinese medicinal material named " Digupi" . There are little differences in the contents about Digupi between modern literatures and ancient books of the previous dynasties. With the changes of the times, Lycii Cortex has been rarely used, with a fault inheritance, suggesting that there are still many potential efficacy indications for clinical application. In addition to the traditional Chinese medicinal specifications, ancient books also recorded the processing methods with liquorice soup, fried, roasted, children's stool, wine soaking and steaming.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773778

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To observe the effects of Yougui pill (Traditional Chinese Medicine) on the related factors of Wnt signal pathway of rats with knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and explore its protective mechanism.@*METHODS@#Sixty SPF SD rats were randomly divided into the sham-operative group, model group, glucosamine sulfate group, high-dose, middle-dose, low-dose of Yougui pill treated group (=10). KOA model was established by modified Hulth method for six weeks. The rats in the high, middle and low-dose of Yougui pill group were treated with Yougui pills at the doses of 20,10 and 5 g/kg respectively by gastrogavage once a day for 8 weeks, while equal volume of normal saline was given to those in the sham and model control group and an equal volume of glucosamine sulfate (1.7 g/kg·d) was given to those in glucosamine sulfate group for 8 weeks. The knee joint was removed after the last dose of drug. The pathological changes of cartilaginous tissues were observed under a microscope. The mRNA levels of Dickkopf homolog 1(DKK1), Wnt induced secreted protein 1(WISP1), Wnt1, low density lipoprotein receptor related protein 5(LRP5) and beta -catenin in rats cartilaginous tissues were analyzed by using RT-PCR method, and the protein contents of DKK1, WISP1, Wnt1, LRP5 and beta-catenin in cartilaginous tissues were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham group, the articular cartilage was severely damaged, the Mankin score was increased significantly (<0. 05), the mRNA and protein expression levels of DKK1 in cartilaginous tissue were markedly decreased(<0.05), while those of WISP, Wnt1, LRP5 and beta-catenin were increased significantly in model group(<0.05). Compared with model group, the articular cartilage lesions was light (<0.05), the Mankin Score was decreased significantly(<0.05), and the mRNA and protein levels of DKK1 in cartilaginous tissue were increased(<0.05), while those of WISP, Wnt1, LRP5 and beta-catenin were decreased in Yougui pill high-dose group and glucosamine sulfate group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Yougui pill has protective effects on the KOA by inhibiting the expressions of WISP, Wnt1, LRP5, beta-catenin and increasing the expression of DKK1 cytokine in the Wnt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , CCN Intercellular Signaling Proteins , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glucosamine , Pharmacology , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Metabolism , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Drug Therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Wnt1 Protein , Metabolism , beta Catenin , Metabolism
5.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 189-193, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693869

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of Astragalus polysaccharides on liver injury induced by cadmium chloride. Methods The cadmium chloride solution was administrated i.v. to develope rat model of liver injury. Rats were randomized divided into three groups;control group, model group, Astragalus polysaccharides intervention group. After the 5 weeks, the rats were sacrificed and the livers were weighted, alanine aminotrans ferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), the contents of cadmium(Cd) was checked by plasma mass spectrometerthe(ICP-MS), the contents of interleukin-2(IL-2) and transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1) was measured by ELISA, the the protein expression of Bcl-2 and Bax was observed by immunohisto-chemistry staining method. Results The liver weight was increased in model group, the level of ALT, AST and LDH were also ascended in model group, the contents of Cd, TGF-β1 and the protein expression of Bax all increased in mode group(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The content of IL-2 and the protein expression of Bcl-2 were decreased in mode group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the liver index was decreased in Astragalus polysaccharides intervention group, the levels of ALT, AST and LDH were also reduced in Astragalus poly-saccharides intervention group, the contents of Cd, TGF-β1 and the protein expression of Bax were all dropped in Astragalus polysaccharides intervention group(P<0.05 or P<0.01).The content of IL-2 and the protein expression of Bcl-2 increased in Astragalus polysaccharides intervention group(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions Astragalus polysaccharides may reduce the oxidative stress injury of rats liver cells indued by cadmium chloride, and its mechanism may be explained by regulation of Bcl- 2/Bax protein expression.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311381

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study is to evaluate the ability and mechanism by which grape seed procyanidin extract (GSPE) relieves arsenic trioxide (As2O3)-induced renal inflammatory injury. Therefore, male Kunming mice were treated with As2O3 and/or GSPE by gavage for 5 weeks. Mice were then sacrificed and inflammatory cytokines of kidneys were examined by ELISA, whereas the expression levels of molecules involved in the nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling pathway were evaluated by both qRT-PCR and Western blot. Our results indicate that GSPE prevents As2O3-mediated renal inflammatory injury by inhibiting activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway and inflammatory cytokine production, while promoting expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arsenic , Toxicity , Grape Seed Extract , Therapeutic Uses , Inflammation , Drug Therapy , Kidney Diseases , Drug Therapy , Male , Mice , Proanthocyanidins , Therapeutic Uses
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661877

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of low-carbohydrate/high-monounsaturated fatty acids (LC/HMD) nutrition program for patients with diabetes mellitus and stroke. Methods Thirty-seven patients with diabetes mellitus and stroke after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) were enrolled in this study, and these patients were treated with liquid food nutritional support. All patients were given high-carbohydrate (HCD) nutritional support at the first and second day and then changed to LC/HMD nutrition program. The blood glucose fluctuations were monitored by continuous glucose monitoring(CGM) system. Meanwhile the daily dose of insulin injections, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and biochemical indicators were detected. for just admission and just give LC after/HMD nutrition program and three months later on HbA1c and blood biochemical indexes were detected. Results 3 months after LC/HMD nutrition program treatment, the levels of mean amplitude of plasma glucose excursions (MAGE), ratio of hyperglycemia to time, ratio of glycopenia to time, HbA1c, daily dose of insulin injections were significantly improved compared with those at the 2nd of LC/HMD nutrition program treatment and with HCD nutritional support (P < 0.05). Three months after LC/HMD nutrition program treatment, the levels of blood biochemistry index had no significant change (P > 0.05). Three months after LC/HMD nutrition program treatment, the blood glucose fluctuations significantly reduced in all patients. Conclusions For patients with diabetes mellitus and stroke and receiving liquid food treament, LC/HMD nutrition program can significantly improve glycemic index, reduce dependence on insulin, and lower blood sugar fluctuations.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658958

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of low-carbohydrate/high-monounsaturated fatty acids (LC/HMD) nutrition program for patients with diabetes mellitus and stroke. Methods Thirty-seven patients with diabetes mellitus and stroke after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) were enrolled in this study, and these patients were treated with liquid food nutritional support. All patients were given high-carbohydrate (HCD) nutritional support at the first and second day and then changed to LC/HMD nutrition program. The blood glucose fluctuations were monitored by continuous glucose monitoring(CGM) system. Meanwhile the daily dose of insulin injections, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and biochemical indicators were detected. for just admission and just give LC after/HMD nutrition program and three months later on HbA1c and blood biochemical indexes were detected. Results 3 months after LC/HMD nutrition program treatment, the levels of mean amplitude of plasma glucose excursions (MAGE), ratio of hyperglycemia to time, ratio of glycopenia to time, HbA1c, daily dose of insulin injections were significantly improved compared with those at the 2nd of LC/HMD nutrition program treatment and with HCD nutritional support (P < 0.05). Three months after LC/HMD nutrition program treatment, the levels of blood biochemistry index had no significant change (P > 0.05). Three months after LC/HMD nutrition program treatment, the blood glucose fluctuations significantly reduced in all patients. Conclusions For patients with diabetes mellitus and stroke and receiving liquid food treament, LC/HMD nutrition program can significantly improve glycemic index, reduce dependence on insulin, and lower blood sugar fluctuations.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 869-874, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508513

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the regulation and effect factors of arsenic expose and arsenic methylation level, then to provide a reference for study the function of arsenic metabolism in a arsenic poisoning process. Methods A meta-analysis was performed by two researchers. Twenty-five papers satisfying our priori eligibility criteria were included by searching Cochrane library, Pubmed, Springer, Embase and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. Based on the results of heterogeneity, a random or fixed effects model was chosen for the meta-analysis. Results The results showed that the following arsenic metabolites increased (all P<0.01) following arsenic exposure: inorganic arsenic [iAs; standardized mean difference (SMD): 1.07; 95% confidence interval (CI):0.61 - 1.53)], monomethyl arsenic (MMA; SMD: 1.10; 95% CI: 0.81 - 1.40), dimethyl arsenic (DMA; SMD: 2.50;95%CI:1.50-3.69), and total arsenic (TAs, SMD:3.10;95%CI:2.13-4.07). Additionally, the percentages of iAs (iAs%; SMD: 1.00; 95% CI: 0.60 - 1.40) and MMA (MMA%; SMD: 0.49; 95% CI: 0.21 - 0.77) also increased, while the percentage of DMA (DMA%; SMD: - 0.55; 95% CI: - 0.80 - - 0.31) decreased (P<0.01). The primary methylation index (PMI; SMD: - 0.57; 95% CI: - 0.94 - - 0.20), and secondary methylation index (SMI;SMD: - 0.27; 95% CI: - 0.46 - - 0.09) decreased (all P< 0.01). Compared to female, male had higher MMA%(SMD:0.44;95%CI:0.35-0.52), lower DMA%(SMD:-0.33;95%CI:-0.38--0.28) and SMI (SMD:-0.36;95%CI:-0.53--0.19). The smoker had higher MMA%(SMD: 0.22; 95%CI: 0.07 - 0.37) and lower DMA%(SMD:-0.16;95%CI: - 0.26 - - 0.05). The drinker had higher MMA% (SMD: 0.17; 95% CI: 0.07 - 0.27) and lower DMA%(SMD:-0.24;95%CI:-0.39--0.10). The older people had higher MMA%(SMD:-0.23;95%CI:-0.40--0.06). In addition, the body mass index may influence the percentages of MMA (SMD: - 0.18; 95% CI: - 0.31 - - 0.04, P < 0.01). Conclusion Arsenic exposure, smoking, drinking, and older age can reduce the capacity of arsenic methylation. Arsenic methylation is more efficient in women than in men.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264588

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the ability of grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) in alleviating arsenic-induced reproductive toxicity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty male Kunming mice received the following treatments by gavage: normal saline solution (control); arsenic trioxide (ATO; 4 mg/kg); GSPE (400 mg/kg); ATO+GSPE (100 mg/kg); ATO+GSPE (200 mg/kg) and ATO+GSPE (400 mg/kg). Thereafter, the mice were sacrificed and weighed, and the testis was examined for pathological changes. Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase 1 (HO1), glutathione S-transferase (GST), NAD(P)H dehydrogenase, and quinone 1 (NQO1) expression in the testis was detected by real-time PCR. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), total antioxidative capability (T-AOC), malondialdehyde (MDA), 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), and reproductive indexes were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ATO-treated mice showed a significantly decreased sperm count and testis somatic index and activity levels of SOD, GSH, and T-AOC than control group. Compared to the ATO-treated group, ATO +GSPE group showed recovery of the measured parameters. Mice treated with ATO+high-dose GSPE showed the highest level of mRNA expression of Nrf2, HO, NQO1, and GST.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GSPE alleviates oxidative stress damage in mouse testis by activating Nrf2 signaling, thus counteracting arsenic-induced reproductive toxicity.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants , Metabolism , Arsenic , Toxicity , Grape Seed Extract , Pharmacology , Lipid Peroxidation , Male , Mice , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Proanthocyanidins , Pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Sperm Count , Testis , Cell Biology , Metabolism
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243409

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects and mechanisms of diethylhexylphthalate (DEHP) on morphology and function of progenitor Leydig cells (PLC) in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty pregnant SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups ( n = 5): normal control group, DEHP low dose group , middle dose group, and high dose group, which were treated from postnatal day (PND) 1 to PND 21 of the pubs with DEHP at the doses of 0, 10, 100, 750 mg/(kg · d) in 0.5 ml of corn oil by gavage respectively. At the end of the treatment, the male pups were killed and blood samples were collected for determination of serum testosterone concentration by chemiluminescence method. The body weight, testis weight and anogenital distance (AGD) were measured. The morphology of PLC was observed by light and transmission electron microscopy. The protein expression of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein(StAR) in PLC was determined by immunohistochemistry. The mRNA expression of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in the testis was assayed by real-time PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with normal control group, the serum testosterone and AGD of male pubs from the middle and high dose groups were declined significantly (P < 0.01), the testis weight and body weight from high dose group were decreased significantly (P < 0.01), while the testis weight increased in the low dose group (P < 0.05). Under light microscope, PLC showed hyperplasia and cluster aggregation in the low dose group and focal hyperplasia in the middle and high dose group. The spermatogenic cells in seminiferous tubules showed decrease, apoptosis and unfix in the high dose group. Under transmission electron microscope, the PLC showed decreased lipid droplets, smooth endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondriae in the treated group. The mRNA expression of IGF-I increased in the low dose group, and the protein expression of StAR decreased in the middle and high dose group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Lactating exposure to DEHP may interfere with the synthesis of testosterone of PLC in male pubs, the decrease of StAR and the damage of PLC may be involved in it.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Body Weight , Diethylhexyl Phthalate , Female , Germ Cells , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Metabolism , Lactation , Leydig Cells , Cell Biology , Male , Organ Size , Phosphoproteins , Metabolism , Pregnancy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Testis , Testosterone , Blood
12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 850-852, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637290

ABSTRACT

? AlM: To investigate the therapeutic effects of Pranoprofen on tear dynamic abnormity induced by conjunctivochalasis ( CCh) . ?METHODS: Seventy cases ( 70 eyes ) whose the main symptoms was epiphora induced by CCh were divided into II, Ⅲ and Ⅳ in 3 groups according to Zhang’s grading standards, meanwhile, all the patients were treated with the eye drops of Pranoprofen for 2wk. After that, the curative effect of each group was analyzed before and after treatments according to the symptoms, dye disappearance test, bitter taste test and tear break-up time. ?RESULTS: After 2wk treatment of Pranoprofen, the symptom of patients at grade I and II improved obviously grade Ⅲ improved more, grade Ⅳ did little. The positive rate of dye disappearance was the highest in grade II, the second in grade Ⅲ, and the third in gradeⅣ. There was significant difference among the 3 groups (P0. 05). ?CONCLUSlON: Pranoprofen has good effects on tear dynamic abnormity induced by grade II of cch.

13.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2922-2925, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459116

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between polymorphisms of PPARγ gene(rs1801282, rs3856806 and rs4684847) and hypertension in Uygur. Methods Polymorphisms of PPARγ gene,rs1801282, rs3856806 and rs4684847, were identified in 145 hypertension patients and 165 healthy volunteersby matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Results(1)Frequencies of rs1801282 CC genotype and C allele were 75.9% and 87.2% in hypertension grouprespectively, which were higher than those in control group (63.6% and 79.7%, respectively, P 0.05). (5) SBP in rs1801282 CC genotypecarriers was higher than in CG / GG gene ones, whereas TC was opposite (P < 0.05). Conclusions In theUygur, individuals with CC genotype and C allele at rs1801282 of PPARγ gene are at higher risk ofhypertension. Polymorphism of rs3856806 and rs4684847 may be irrelevant with hypertension in the Uygur.

14.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 101-104, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463776

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical manifestation,diagnosis and treatment of IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis (IgG4-RRPF) and IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD).Methods The clinical data of a case of IgG4-RRPF was analyzed retrospectively,the related literatures were reviewed,and a novel clinical entity IgG4-RD was introduced.Results The patient was a 52-year-old man with the complaint of left lower abdominal pain due to left hydronephrosis.CT and MRI revealed a soft tissue mass at the left psoas major muscle.PET-CT showed increased FDG uptake.After biopsy,the pathological diagnosis was consistent with IgG4-RD.The patient was diagnosed as IgG4-RRPF and treated with prednisone.The symptoms improved and retroperitonea] mass reduced.According to review the latest literatures,it is found that IgG4-RRPF was socalled idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (IRF) formerly.Conclusion IgG4-RRPF is a rare disease in IgG4-RD spectrum,characterised by the presence of a retroperitoneal tissue,consisting of chronic inflammation and marked fibrosis,which often entraps the ureters or other abdominal organs.Hematological examination shows elevated serum IgG4 concentration (≥ 1.35 g/L).Histopathological examination shows marked tissue infiltration by lymphocytes and IgG4-plasma cells with fibrosis.Glucocorticoids are the first line of therapy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471841

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between polymorphisms of XbaI and MspI loci of apolipoprotein B (ApoB) gene and -75 bp,+83 bp loci of apolipoprotein AI (ApoAI) gene and coronary heart disease (CHD) in Kazaks of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region,China.Methods These loci were analyzed by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-PFLP).Two hundred and five patients with CHD and two hundred and thirty six controls were involved.Results There were significant distinctions among low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),triglyceride (TG) and the ApoAI/ApoB ratio between the two groups,but no significant distinction among the polymorphism frequencies of the four sites between the two groups.The polymorphism coalition frequency of X-/Ms++/M1+-/M2++ (named Coalition 11) was significantly higher in CHD compared to the control group (14.6% vs.7.2%,P < 0.05).The level of total cholesterol (TC) in Coalition 1 1 was significantly higher and the level of the ApoAI/ApoB ratio in Coalition 11 was significantly lower than Coalition 1~10 in CHD patients.The level of the ApoAI/ApoB ratio of Coalition 11 was significantly lower than the Coalition 1~10 in control group.The levels of ApoAI/ApoB ratio of Coalition 3 were significantly higher compared to Coalition 11 in the two groups,respectively.The level of LDL-C of Coalition 3 was significantly lower than in the Coalition 11 in control group.The level of TC of Coalition 5 was significantly higher than Coalition 3 in the CHD group.The level of the ApoAI/ApoB ratio of Coalition 5 was significantly lower than in Coalition 3 or Coalition 1~10 of the two groups,respectively.The level of LDL-C of Coalition 5 was significantly higher than in Coalition 3 in control group.The ratio of ApoAI/ApoB was negatively related to TC,LDL-C and was positively related to HDL-C,both in CHD and control groups.Conclusion Coalition 11 of the 4 loci polymorphisms of the ApoB and ApoAI genes was correlated with CHD in Kazaks,and perhaps the ratio of ApoAI/ApoB was the most diagnostic parameter related with CHD among all lipid parameters.CHD may also be associated with Coalition 5,and,perhaps,Coalition 3 may have been confirmed as a protection factor against CHD,if more samples were enrolled.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 196-198, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413922

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the bacterial distribution and resistance in upper urinary tract stone patients, then choose suitable antibiotics and reduce infectious complications accordingly.Methods Middle flow urine, infectious stone and the end of kidney drainage tube were taken for culture in 148 patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy between January 2009 to September 2010. Antibiotics were used according to the culture results and the complications secondary to infection were analyzed. Results Urinary pathogens presented in 38 (25.7%) patients before operation.There were 112 strains of bacteria. The predominant strains included: Escherichia coli (17 cases,11.5%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (4 cases) and Proteus mirabillis (4 cases). Escherichia coli and Proteus mirabillis were common in stone culture. Staphylococcus epidermidis (5 cases),Pseudomonas aeruginosa (5 cases) and Staphylococcus haemolytcus (5 cases) were found in renal drainage tube culture which were positive in 25 patients. Imipenem, cefepime, vacomycin, nitrofurinton were sensitive and commonly used antibiotics. Forty-one patients (27.7 %) had fever postoperatively, including 10 positive for middle urine culture and 9 positive for drainage tube culture. One infective shock was diagnosed postoperatively. Conclusions Gram-negative bacilli are predominant in the upper urinary tract stone patients preoperatively. Gram-positive ones are common postoperatively.Suitable antibiotics, based on middle flow urine culture, could reduce urinary infective complications.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316070

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the polymorphism of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT(1R)) gene A1166C and environmental factors on hypertension of Kazakh people.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Through the random program of SPSS 13.0, 220 cases were randomly selected from the confirmed hypertension patients, and 220 cases with normal blood pressure were selected as control group. All cases were investigated through the questionnaire and the related indexes were measured. By polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method, the genotypes were determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) In hypertension group, the genotype frequency of AA and AC were 78.6% (173/220) and 21.4% (47/220), respectively, compared with control groups' 81.4% (179/220) and 18.6% (41/220), no significant difference was identified between these two groups (chi(2) = 0.537, P > 0.05). In hypertension group, the frequency of A and C allele were 89.0% and 11.0%, respectively, compared with 90.3% and 9.7% in control group. There was no significant difference between these two groups (chi(2) = 0.37, P > 0.05). (2) AC genotype might interact with excessive salt consumption (hypertension group, 31/220, 15.5%; control group 10/220, 4.5%, OR: 4.67, 95%CI: 2.15 - 10.15), overweight (hypertension group, 19/220, 8.6%; control group, 9/220, 4.1%, OR: 6.96, 95%CI: 2.33 - 20.76) and drinking large volume of salty milk (hypertension group, 20/220, 9.1%; control group, 10/220, 4.5%, OR: 2.67, 95%CI: 1.11 - 6.42) which will raise hypertension hazard of AC genotype.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There is no relationship between the A1166C gene polymorphism of AT(1R) gene and hypertension of Kazakh people. AC genotypes might also interact with food consumption habit and behavior factors and increase the individual risk of hypertension.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Alleles , Case-Control Studies , China , Epidemiology , Feeding Behavior , Female , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Ethnology , Genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1 , Genetics , Smoking
18.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 126-129, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642323

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between intracellular calcium levels ([Ca2+]1) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in sodium fluoride (NaF)-induced injury in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Methods The levels of [Ca2+]1 and ROS were measured in different exposed times(0,3,6,12,18,24 h) respectively after SH-SY5Y cells were exposed to 40 mg/L NaF in vitro, and the optimal expose time was selected. Furthermore, the changes of [Ca2+]1, ROS and LDH levels in 40 mg/L NaF-treated groups incubated with 38.23 mg/L BAPTA-AM or 380.40 mg/L ethylene glycol-bis-(beta-aminoethyl ether)-N, N, N', N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA) or 16.32 mg/L N-acetyl-L-cysteine(NAC) also observed at the optimal expose time(12 h), respectively. Results At 3,6,12,18 and 24 h, [Ca2+]1 level(5620.0±226.3,4775.5±85.6,3312.3±87.5, 3047.0±75.0,2717.0±66.5) was significantly increased, and so was the ROS level(4449.53±324.61,7463.07±117.43,20 227.33±178.04,8817.56±200.13, 7975.61±92.90) except at 3 h, compared with 0 h(2115.0±24.0,4098.01±21.22, all P<0.05). The levels of [Ca2+]1 and ROS reached the peak at 3 h and 12 h, respectively. [Ca2+]1 and LDH levels in NaF-treated group [3279.5±94.0, (1057.50±64.35)U/L], NaF+NAC treated group[ 3583.0±350.7, (561.02±85.50)U/L], NaF+EGTA treated groups[3701.5±157.7, (1074.50±86.97)U/L], and BAPTA-AM treated group[2766.5±38.9, (521.43±40.80)U/L] had increased, compared with the control[2022.5±118.1, (186.97±8.73)U/L], the difference being statistically significant (P<0.05). ROS levels in NaF-treated group (19 003.04±332.34), and NaF+EGTA treated group(19 170.12±95.46) was higher than that in the controls(4060.98±145.66), the difference being statistically significant (P<0.05). NaF and NAC had antagonistic effect on ROS and LDH levels (F=976.11,43.54,P<0.05). And NaF and BAPTA-AM had antagonistic effect on [Ca2+]1, ROS and LDH levels (F=15.65,1515.53,115.00, P<0.05). Conclusions NaF-related calcium is released from the site of intracellular calcium storage, which induces ROS production, both of them caused cytotoxicity and the increase of LDH level in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348032

ABSTRACT

A male patient of 26 years old was received with multiple fracture by tranffic accident. Anesthesia was maintained with inhalation of isoflurance. Malignant hyperthermia (MH) was appeared after operation. The patient rehabilited after physical cooling, bedside persistence hematodialysis, hormone application and so on.


Subject(s)
Anesthetics, Inhalation , Humans , Male , Malignant Hyperthermia
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230270

ABSTRACT

The study was aimed to observe the effect of recombinant human granulocyte-colony stimulating factors (rhG-CSF) in low dose on peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) mobilization in unrelated healthy normal donors. G-CSF was administered at 5 microg/(kg x d) subcutaneously for successive 5 or 6 days to 56 unrelated donors. Stem cells were harvested on the fourth and fifth days or on the fifth and sixth days. The numbers of mononuclear cells (MNC), CD34(+) cells and Hb, Plt, and CD3(+), CD4(+), CD8(+) and CD20(+) cells were determined during the mobilization. The results showed that most common adverse events were bone pain (17.9%, 10/56), agrypnia (8.9%, 5/56) and lassitude (4.5%, 3/56) during rhG-CSF mobilization, but all donors were suffered less than grade II according to the WHO criteria, and did not need to stop the mobilization and not need to give special treatment. In harvest on day 4 - 5 and 5 - 6, MNC count was (5.95 +/- 1.52) x 10(8)/kg and (7.19 +/- 2.12) x 10(8)/kg; CD34(+) cells count was (3.03 +/- 1.09) x 10(6)/kg and (7.92 +/- 2.50) x 10(6)/kg. There were no significant differences in hemoglobin level and platelet count, the percentage of CD3(+) cells, CD4(+) cells, CD8(+) cells and CD20(+) cells between pre-mobilization and post-mobilization of rhG-CSF. It is concluded that the low dose of rhG-CSF 5 microg/(kg x d) for peripheral blood stem cell mobilization in unrelated healthy normal donors is safe and effective.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Blood Donors , Female , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Recombinant Proteins
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