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1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 410-413, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881913

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To screen the optimal fitting model for the change trend of the number of new cases of occupational diseases in Guangdong Province by using linear and nonlinear regression models. Method The number of new cases of occupational diseases in Guangdong Province from 2003 to 2017 was used as the dependent variable(■) and the year(time) as the independent variable(x).Eleven mathematical models including linear regression, cubic function, quadratic function, composite function, growth function, exponential function, logistic function, power function, logarithmic function, S-type function and inverse function were used to fit the data, and the best-fit model was selected to describe and verify the change of new occupational diseases. RESULTS: Among the 11 mathematical models, the determination coefficient of fit results of cubic curve regression model was the highest(0.94, P<0.01), and the fit effect was the best. The fitting curve was ■. The cubic curve regression model was used to fit the number of new cases of occupational diseases in Guangdong Province from 2003 to 2019. The results showed that the measured value of new cases in all those years, except 2011, was within 95% confidence interval of the fitting value. The median(25 th, 75 th percentile) of absolute relative deviation between the fitting value and the actual value was 8.9%(4.3%, 14.7%). CONCLUSION: The regression model based on cubic curve can better fit the incidence of occupational diseases and can be used to describe the occurence of occupational diseases.

2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 305-309, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881900

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the inter-laboratory comparison results of occupational hygiene laboratories of Guangdong Province. METHODS: The 42 laboratories that continuously participated in the inter-laboratory comparison of occupational hygiene technical service institutions in Guangdong Province from 2014 to 2018 were selected as the research subjects Guangdong Occupational Health Test Center from 2014 to 2018 were selected by convenient sampling method. The data of detection of organic compounds, metal element, non-metal element in the workplace air, detection of metal element in biological materials, and the detection of free silica in dust were analyzed. The results were statistically analyzed by four-point robust statistical technique. RESULTS: From 2014 to 2018, a total of 1 205 items of sample detection results were submitted in these 5 years. The qualified rate of sample test was 92.4%(1 114/1 205) in these laboratories. The qualified rate of test of organics in workplace air, metals in workplace air, inorganic non-metals in workplace air, metals in biological materials and free silica in dust were 93.3%, 94.4%, 91.6%, 84.4% and 91.8% respectively. There was no significant difference in the qualified rate of sample test between the laboratories in the Pearl River delta in Guangdong Province and the laboratories in other regions the laboratories in other regions(92.8% vs 89.6%, P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the qualified rate of sample test among the occupational disease prevention and treatment institute, center for disease control and prevention and private laboratories(93.1% vs 93.6% vs 89.0%, P>0.05). Among the 91 unqualified items, 35 items were │z score of inter-laboratory(z_B)│≥ 3(38.5%), 40 items were │z score of within-laboratory(z_w)│≥ 3(44.0%), and 16 items were│z_B│≥ 3 and │z_w│≥ 3(17.6%). CONCLUSION: The laboratories in Guangdong Province that participated in the inter-laboratory comparison of occupational health test for 5 consecutive years have a relatively high level of occupational health testing, and the test results are accurate.

3.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 678-683, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881842

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To summarize and analyze the diagnostic ideas of new occupational lung tumors in Guangdong Province.METHODS: According to the Law of the People′s Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Occupational Disease and the GBZ 94-2002 Diagnostic Criteria of Occupational Cancer, the key diagnostic points of 6 new occupational lung tumors diagnosed in Guangdong Province from 2010 to 2011 were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 9 cases of 6 new kinds of new occupational tumors were diagnosed in Guangdong Province in 2010-2011. The cases included 3 occupational lung cancer of coke oven workers, 2 occupational lung cancer caused by asbestos, 1 occupational mesothelioma caused by asbestos, 1 occupational lung cancer caused by arsenate, 1 occupational lung cancer caused by chromate salt, and 1 occupational lung cancer caused by asphalt. During the process, the diagnosis was based on the principles of the comprehensive analysis and the attribution diagnosis, combined with occupational history, occupational disease hazard exposure history, clinical data and auxiliary examination results. If the patients were diagnosed with a primary tumor, the patients′ exposure history to occupational carcinogens should be tracked, traced and confirmed, and the diagnosis should be confirmed by referring to the list of occupational carcinogens and literature reports of the International Labor Organization, and not limited to only the personnel in a particular industry. CONCLUSION: During the diagnostic process of occupational tumors, attention should be paid to confirm the exposure history of occupational carcinogen. The key is to determine the exposure of corresponding occupational carcinogen, the route and the time of exposure and the incubation period.

4.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 417-423, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881715

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the molecular mechanism underlying 1,2-dichloroethane(1,2-DCE) induced apoptosis by screening differentially expressed proteins in human astrocytes( HAs). METHODS: HAs were cultured in complete medium with 1,2-DCE at various concentrations of 0-80 or 0-40 mmol/L. After 24 hours,apoptosis of HAs was evaluated using flow cytometry and staining with annexin Ⅴ-fluoresce in isothiocyanate and propidium iodide. An AAH-APO-1-2 protein chip was used to screen differentially expressed proteins and quantitative real-time polymease chain reaction(qRT-PCR) was used to verify related differentially expressed genes(DEGs). RESULTS: At 1,2-DCE concentrations of0-80 mmol/L,the total apoptosis rate of HAs increased with 1,2-DCE concentrations in a dose-dependent manner( P <0. 01). Seven different kinds of proteins were screened out by apoptotic protein chip. Among them,the expression of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein( IGFBP)-1,IGFBP-4 and cytochrome C( Cyto C) were up-regulated,while the expression of P27,cysteine aspartic acid specific protease-3( Caspase-3),B-cell lymphoma-2 interacting mediator of cell death( BIM) and BH3 interacting domain death agonist( BID) were down-regulated compared with the control group. The result of DEGs verified by qRT-PCR showed that the expression of mRNA of IGFBP-1,IGFBP-4 and Cyto C at 1,2-DCE concentrations of 40 mmol/L was up-regulated. This result was in consistent with the trend of target expression in the protein chip. The mRNA expression of Caspase-3,BIM and BID was also up-regulated. CONCLUSION: 1,2-DCE induces apoptosis of HAs through mitochondrial pathway.

5.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 342-346, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881705

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the application effect of clinical nursing pathway( CNP) in nursing care on patients with occupational noise-induced deafness( ONID) under medical observation.METHODS: The patients with ONID under medical observation in hospital were randomly selected and divided into CNP group( 50 cases) and control group( 50 cases) by random number table method.The control group was given routine nursing care,and the CNP group was given CNP care according to the nursing path table.Self-Rating Anxiety Scale,Self-rating Depression Scale and SF-36 Scale were used to observe the anxiety, depression and quality of life of these two groups.The time and expenses of hospitalization,and degree of nursing satisfaction were also observed.RESULTS: Before nursing care implementation,the scores of anxiety,depression and 8 dimension of quality of life did not show statistical significance between these two groups( P > 0.05).After nursing care implementation,the improvement of anxiety,depression and quality of life in the CNP group were significantly better than that of the control group( P < 0.01).The patients in the CNP group had shorter duration of hospitalization( P < 0.01),decreased hospitalization expenses( P < 0.05),and increased nursing satisfaction( P < 0.01) compared with the control group.CONCLUSION: CNP implementation can effectively reduce the anxiety and depression symptoms of patient with ONID under medical observation during the diagnostic process of occupational diseases.It can reduce the time and costs of hospitalization,improve their quality of life and satisfaction of nursing care.CNP can be widely used in clinical practice.

6.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 325-328, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the individual external dose level of medical radiation staffs in Guangzhou City.METHODS: The medical radiation staffs of Guangzhou City who conducted individual dose monitoring at Guangdong Province Hospital Center for Occupational Diseases Prevention and Treatment from 2008 to 2014 were selected as study subjects by convenient sampling method.Their individual dosage monitoring data were analyzed.RESULTS: A total of 17 754 person-times were monitored in 7 years.The annual collective effective dose was 10 621.1 person·mSv and the median per capita annual effective dose was 0.21 mSv/a.The per capita annual effective dose in 2008-2012 showed an increasing trend each year( P < 0.05),peaked in 2012,and then decreased in 2013 and 2014( P < 0.05).The per capita annual effective dose of radiology staffs in level Ⅱ medical institutions was higher than that of level Ⅲ medical institutions,level Ⅰ medical institutions and those below level Ⅰ( P < 0.01).The per capita annual effective dose of radiation staffs in level Ⅲ medical institutions was higher than level Ⅰ medical institutions and those below level Ⅰ( P <0.01).The effective monitoring rates of radiation staffs monitored for 4 cycles every year increased with time from 2008 to 2014( P < 0.01).The effective monitoring rate increased with the hospital level( P < 0.01).The per capita annual effective dose of the staffs in radiological diagnosis department was lower than that of clinical nuclear medicine,radiotherapy and interventional radiology( P < 0.01).CONCLUSION: The radiation dose of medical radiation staffs in Guangzhou City was within the national standard limit.Protection should be focused on the the staffs in secondary hospitals,clinical nuclear medicine,radiotherapy and interventional radiology.

7.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 290-296, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881694

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the association of interaction of noise exposure and superoxide dismutase( SOD) gene polymorphism on the susceptibility of occupational noise-induced hearing loss( ONHL) in Chinese Han population.METHODS: A simple random sampling method was used to select 2 400 Han workers as study subjects.These workers were exposed to 75.0-120.0 dB( A) of normalized continuous A-weighted sound with pressure level equivalent to a 40 hworking-week( L_(EX,W)) in Guangzhou City.A model method was set up to define 201 sensitive workers( sensitive group)and 202 resistant workers( resistant group) by combining results with hearing pure tone threshold test and the cumulative noise exposure( CNE).The genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood cells.The single nucleotide polymorphisms analysis of SOD was carried out by using the TaqMan probe with chemical fluorescence allelic identification test.Binary logistic regression method was used to analyze the interaction of noise exposure and SOD.RESULTS: After adjusting confounding factors such as gender,heavy metal exposure,dust exposure and high temperature exposure,the risk for ONHL in individuals interactively carry rs2040724 AG or GG and rs4880( CC + CT) was significantly higher than that in individuals interactively carry rs2040724 AA and rs4880 TT( P < 0.05).The risk for ONHL in individuals interactively carry rs10432782 GT or GG and rs4880( CC + CT) was significantly higher than that in individuals interactively carry rs10432782 TT and rs4880 TT( P < 0.05).The risk for ONHL in individuals exposed to L_(EX,W)≥85 dB( A) and interactively carried with rs2040724 GG and rs4880( CC + CT) was significantly higher than that in individuals exposed to L_(EX,W)< 85 dB( A) and interactively carry rs2040724 AA and rs4880 TT( P < 0.01).The risk for ONHL in individuals exposed to L_(EX,W)≥85 dB( A) and interactively carry rs10432782 GT or GG and rs4880( CC + CT) was significantly higher than that in individuals exposed to L_(EX,W)< 85 dB( A) and interactively carry r10432782 TT and rs4880 TT( P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: In Chinese Han population,noise exposure intensity and SOD1( rs2040724,rs10432782),SOD2( rs4880)gene polymorphism had interacting effects on ONHL susceptibility.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881653

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of subacute systemic inhalation exposure of 1,2-dichloroethane(1,2-DCE) on learning and memory in NIH mice. METHODS: Forty-five specific pathogen free healthy 7-week-old NIH mice were randomly divided into control,low-dose and high-dose groups with 5 female mice and 10 male mice in each group. The mice were exposed to 1,2-DCE at dosages of 0. 00,100. 00 and 350. 00 mg/m3 for 6 hours per day for consecutive 28 days by dynamic systemic inhalation. The neurobehavioral tests of mice were performed before and after the first to fourth weeks of exposure using the Morris water maze test. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in body weight and swimming speed among the three groups of mice( P > 0. 05). The navigation experiment results showed that the escape latency of mice in both low-and high-dose groups were longer than that of the control group at the same time point(P < 0. 05) during 1-4 weeks after exposure. In the control group,the escape latency was shorter than that of the same group before exposure( P < 0. 05). The escape latency of high-dose group prolonged with the increase of exposure time,and in the 4 th week the escape latency was significantly higher than that of the same group before exposure( P < 0. 05).The experiment results of space exploration indicated that the first time of crossing platform in low-and high-dose groups were longer than that of the control group at the second to the fourth week( P < 0. 05). The target quadrant retention time and the number of crossing the platform in the low-and high-dose groups were lower than those in the control group( P <0. 05). CONCLUSION: Subacute inhalation exposure of 1,2-DCE can impair the learning and memory ability of NIH mice.The high-dose exposure may reduce learning ability in mice in a time-effect manner.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805884

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the characteristics of acoustic impedance test and its diagnostic role for occupational noise induced deafness, in order to provide an objective basis for the differential diagnosis of occupational noise induced deafness.@*Methods@#A retrospective study was conducted to investigate the cases on the diagnosis of occupational noise-induced deafness in Guangdong province hospital for occupational disease prevention and treatment from January 2016 to January 2017. A total of 198 cases (396 ears) were divided into occupation disease group and non occupation disease group based on the diagnostic criteria of occupational noise deafness in 2014 edition, acoustic conductivity test results of two groups were compared including tympanograms types, external auditory canal volume, tympanic pressure, static compliance and slope.@*Results@#In the occupational disease group, 204 ears were found to have 187 ears (91.67%) of type A, which were significantly higher than those in the non occupational disease group 143/192 (74.48%) , the difference was statistically significant (χ2=21.038, P<0.01). Detection of Ad or As type, occupation disease group in other type were 16/204 (7.84%) , 3/204 (1.47%) , were lower than Ad or As type of occupation disease group (15.63%) , other type (9.38%) , the differences were statistically significant[ (χ2=5.834, P<0.05) , (χ2=12.306, P<0.01) ]. Occupation disease group canal volume average (1.68±0.39) ml higher than that of non occupation disease group (1.57±0.47) ml, the difference was statistically significant (t=2.756, P<0.01) ; occupation disease group mean static compliance (1.06±0.82) ml higher than that of non occupation disease group (0.89±0.64) ml. The difference was statistically singificant (t=2.59, P<0.01) .@*Conclusion@#We observed that acoustic impedance test had obvious auxiliary function in the differential diagnosis of occupational noise induced deafness, More than 90% of the confirmed cases showed an A-form tympanograms, it is one of the objective examination methods which can be used in the differential diagnosis of pseudo deafness.

10.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 716-724, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881995

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the changes of finger skin temperature in cold provocation test( CPT) in workers with vibration white finger( VWF). METHODS: A total of 245 male workers engaged in hand arm vibration operation was selected as study subjects using random number table method. All subjects were divided into VWF group( 73 persons) and control group( 172 persons). CPT( 10 ℃,10 min) was performed and the skin temperature of 6 fingers( index finger,middle finger and ring finger of both hands) was measured at pre-CPT adaptation period( 0,10,20,30 min) and after CPT period( 0,5,10,15,20,25,30 min). RESULTS: The effect of interaction between grouping and observe time was statistically significant on finger skin temperature( P < 0. 01). In the pre-CPT adaptation period,there was no statistically significant difference on skin temperature between 10 and 30 min time point in the two groups( P > 0. 05). After CPT,the fingers skin temperature of VWF group was lower than that of control group at 5 min time point( P < 0. 05),but there were no statistically significant differences on fingers skin temperature of other time points between the two groups( P > 0. 05).In both groups,the finger skin temperature at 0 min time point after CPT were lower than other time points in the same group( P < 0. 05),and the finger skin temperature increased with time( P < 0. 01). However,the finger skin temperature at 30 min after CPT did not restore to that at 30 min time point of pre-CPT. Except the VWF group,the abnormal rewarming temperature at 5 min time point after CPT of left index finger,the right index finger and the right ring finger were higher than that of the control group( 72. 6% vs 56. 4%,75. 3% vs 57. 6%,86. 3% vs 65. 1%,P < 0. 05),but there were no statistically significant differences on the abnormal rewarming temperature at 10,30 min time points of the six fingers in the two groups( P > 0. 05). There were no statistically significant differences on the detection rate of abnormal rewarming temperature between left index finger and the right index finger,or the right index finger and the right ring finger in the VWF group( 72. 6% vs 75. 3%,75. 3% vs 86. 3%,P > 0. 05). CONCLUSION: When CPT( 10 ℃,10 min) was performed in workers engaged in hand arm vibration operation,it is recommended to measure the finger skin temperature of index finger,and adaptation time before CPT can be adjusted to 10 min.

11.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 701-705, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of health education in the treatment of pneumoconiosis patients with bronchoalveoar lavage( BAL) during perioperative period. METHODS: Ninety-six pneumoconiosis patients treated with BAL in hospital were divided into observation group and control group( 48 cases in each group). The patients in the control group were given routine perioperative health education, and the patients in the observation group implemented perioperative health education in accordance with the health education pathway. Adverse reactions in hospital were collected,and the awareness of perioperative health knowledge of BAL was surveyed. RESULTS: Before implement of the health education pathway,there was no difference( P > 0. 05) in the health knowledge between the 2 groups. After implementation of the health education pathway,the awareness of health knowledge of observation group and control group were higher than that of the same group before implementation of the health education pathway( P < 0. 01). The awareness of 15 items of health knowledge was higher( P < 0. 05) and the incidences of intraoperative cough and postoperative low fever were lower in the observation group than in the control group( 4. 2% vs 25. 0%,2. 1% vs 16. 7%,P < 0. 05).CONCLUSION: Executing effective healthy education pathway in perioperative BAL is helpful to improve the knowledge of disease prevention and control in pneumoconiosis patients,and reduce the occurrence of adverse reactions during BAL.

12.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 55-59, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881579

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of GBZ 49-2014 Diagnosis of Occupational Noise-induced Deafness and GBZ49-2007 Diagnostic Criteria of Occupational Noise-induced Deafness on the diagnosis of occupational noise-induced deafness( ONID). METHODS: A total of 84 individuals,who were workers exposed to noise and diagnosed as observation subjects by GBZ 49-2007 were selected as the subjects of study by judgment sampling. They were diagnosed based on the criteria of GBZ 49-2014 and GBZ 49-2007. The impact of different diagnostic audiometry,different age and gender correction methods and the inclusion of a weighting of 0. 1 high-frequency 4. 0 k Hz hearing threshold of GBZ 49-2014 on the diagnosis of ONID was analyzed. RESULTS: The binaural high frequency threshold average( BHFTA) calculated by GBZ 49-2014 were lower than that of GBZ 49-2007 [( 52. 1 ± 10. 3) vs( 52. 8 ± 10. 1) d B,P < 0. 05 ],but monaural threshold of weighted value( MTWV) of the good ear calculated by GBZ 49-2014 were higher than speech frequency threshold average( SPTA) of the good ear of GBZ 49-2007 [( 23. 2 ± 4. 1) vs( 19. 3 ± 4. 8) d B,P < 0. 01]. All of the 84 patients had BHFTA ≥40 d B and SPTA < 26 d B when diagnosed by GBZ 49-2007,and could not be diagnosed as ONID. A total of33. 3% patients had BHFTA ≥40 d B and MTWV ≥26 d B when diagnosed by GBZ 49-2014 which could be diagnosed as mild ONID. The detection rate of ONID was 21. 4% to 34. 5%( P < 0. 01) when the threshold of 4. 0 k Hz was used as the weighting diagnostic threshold of hearing in the case of using different diagnostic audiograms and different age and sex correction methods. CONCLUSION: A high-frequency hearing threshold of 4. 0 k Hz with a weighting of 0. 1 was included in GBZ 49-2014 as a diagnostic threshold,which reduced the diagnostic threshold of ONID.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809486

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Study of the results and the degree on occupational noise-induced deafness in-to the different high frequency hearing threshold weighted value, in order to provide theoretical basis for the re-vision of diagnostic criteria on occupational noise-induced deafness.@*Methods@#A retrospective study was con-ducted to investigate the cases on the diagnosis of occupational noise-induced deafness in Guangdong province hospital for occupational disease prevention and treatment from January 2016 to January 2017. Based on the re-sults of the 3 hearing test for each test interval greater than 3 days in the hospital, the best threshold of each frequency was obtained, and based on the diagnostic criteria of occupational noise deafness in 2007 edition, Chi square test, t test and variance analysis were used to measure SPSS21.0 data, their differences are tested among the means of speech frequency and the high frequency weighted value into different age group, noise ex-posure group, and diagnostic classification between different dimensions.@*Results@#1. There were totally 168 cases in accordance with the study plan, male 154 cases, female 14 cases, the average age was 41.18 ±6.07 years old. 2. The diagnosis rate was increased into the weighted value of different high frequency than the mean value of pure speech frequency, the weighted 4 kHz frequency increased by 13.69% (χ2=9.880, P=0.002) , 6 kHz increased by 15.47% (χ2=9.985, P=0.002) and 4 kHz+6 kHz increased by15.47% (χ2=9.985, P=0.002) , the difference was statistically significant. The diagnostic rate of different high threshold had no obvious differ-ence between the genders. 3. The age groups were divided into less than or equal to 40years old group (A group) and 40-50 years old group (group B) , there were higher the diagnostic rate between high frequency weighted 4 kHz (A group χ2=3.380, P=0.050; B group χ2=4.054, P=0.032) , weighted 6 kHz (A group χ2=6.362, P=0.012; B group χ2=4.054, P=0.032) , high frequency weighted 4 kHz+6 kHz (A group χ2=6.362, P=0.012; B group χ2=4.054, P=0.032) than those of speech frequency average value in the same group on oc-cupational noise-induced deafness diagnosis rate, the difference was statistically significant. There was no sig-nificant difference between age groups (χ2=2.265, P=0.944) . 4. The better ear's mean value of pure speech fre-quency and the weighted values into different high frequency of working years on each group were compared, working years more than 10 years group was significantly higher than that of average thresholds of each frequen-cy band in 3-5 group (F=2.271, P=0.001) , 6-10 group (F=1.563, P=0.046) , the difference was statistically significant. The different high frequency weighted values were higher than those of the mean value of pure speech frequency, and the high frequency weighted 4 kHz+6 kHz had the highest frequency difference, with an average increase of 2.83 dB. 5. The diagnostic rate into weighted different high frequency was higher in the mild, moderate and severe grades than in the pure speech frequency. In the comparison of diagnosis for mild occupational noise-induced deafness, in addition to the weighted 3 kHz high frequency (χ2=3.117, P=0.077) had no significant difference, the weighted 4 kHz (χ2=10.835, P=0.001) , 6 kHz (χ2=9.985, P=0.002) , 3 kHz+4 kHz (χ2=6.315, P=0.012) , 3 kHz+6 kHz (χ2=6.315, P=0.012) , 4 kHz+6 kHz (χ2=9.985, P=0.002) , 3 kHz+4 kHz+6 kHz (χ2=7.667, P=0.002) were significantly higher than the diagnosis rate of the mean value of pure speech frequency. There was no significant difference between the two groups in the moderate and se-vere grades (P>0.05) .@*Conclusion@#Bring into different high frequency hearing threshold weighted value in-creases the diagnostic rate of occupational noise-induced deafness, the weighted 4 kHz, 6 kHz and 4 kHz+ 6 kHz high frequency value affects the result greatly, and the weighted 4 kHz+6 kHz high frequency hearing threshold value is maximum the effect on occupational noise-induced deafness diagnosis.

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