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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1112-1115, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815955

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand clustering of risk factors for chronic diseases among residents aged 60 years or above in Shaoxing,and to provide evidence for prevention of chronic diseases in the elderly. @*Methods@#The data of residents aged 60 years or above in five villages in Donghu Town,Yuecheng District was collected from Zhejiang health surveillance program. The clustering patterns of five common risk factors for chronic diseases in the elderly were analyzed,including smoking,drinking,overweight/obesity,no exercise and sedentary behavior. @*Results@#A total of 1 427 old adults were surveyed. The prevalence of smoking,drinking,overweight/obesity,no exercise and sedentary time more than three hours a day were 15.98%,31.67%,43.73%,73.30% and 41.56%,respectively. About 5.12% of the elderly had none of the above risk factors;24.25% had one risk factor;38.75% had two risk factors,with a clustering of no exercise and overweight/obesity as the most common pattern;31.88% had three to five risk factors,with a clustering of no exercise,overweight/obesity,sedentary time more than three hours a day and/or drinking as the most common pattern. Males,the married,the highly educated and the old people without coronary heart disease had more risk factors(P<0.05). @*Conclusion@#There are clustering of risk factors for chronic diseases among residents aged 60 years or above in Shaoxing. It is common to combine two or three items of no exercise,overweight/obesity and sedentary time more than three hours a day.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708994

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the sleep quality of older adults in Shaoxing City and to examine its influencing factors. Methods Based on a cross-sectional questionnaire survey, a cluster sampling method was adopted to collect participants. Five villages were chosen randomly from 20 in the Yuecheng district of Shaoxing. The respondents were adults aged more than 60 years in the 5 villages. In total,1 303 adults participated,including 603 men and 700 women,and the average age was(70.99±7.38). The information related to sociodemographic factors,health status,sleep characteristics,and behavioral and lifestyle factors were collected.A chi-square test and variance analysis were used to compare sleep quality and sleep duration among participants. An ordinal regression model was adopted to examine the factors influencing sleep quality. Results One hundred and ninety-six (15.0%) older adults reported that sleep quality was always bad during the past year, 180(13.8%)reported that sleep quality was bad occasionally, and 927(71.1%)reported that sleep quality was good every day.The average sleep duration of participants was(6.64±1.38)h per night,and sleep durations for older adults who reported that sleep quality was always bad, bad occasionally, and good every day were (4.21 ± 1.13) h, (6.12 ± 1.40) h, and (7.26 ± 1.39) h, respectively,and older adults with poor sleeping quality had a shorter sleep duration(F=421.828,P<0.001). Being a woman, more than 80 years old, not working, and taking sleeping pills were risk factors for poor sleep quality with ORs (95% CI) of 1.492 (1.132-1.964), 1.564 (1.108-2.206), 1.331 (1.015-1.747), and 14.614(7.164-29.844),respectively.Conclusions Elderly individuals in Shaoxing had poor sleep quality. The sleep quality of those who were women, were oldest and took sleeping pills is cause for concern. Encouraging them to engage in work may improve their sleeping status.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617276

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effect and safety of oxycodone in the anesthesia for percutaneous microwave ablation (PMWA) in liver cancer when the scope of ablation involving liver capsule.Methods Thirty-eight patients scheduled for percutaneous microwave ablation of liver cancer abutting capsule, including 32 males and 6 females, aged 41-75 years, with ASA grade Ⅰ or Ⅱ.Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups:oxycodone group (group O,n=20) and fentanyl group (group F, n=18).Before the puncture, a loading dose of oxycodone 0.1 mg/kg was given intravenously in group O, a loading dose of fentanyl 1 μg/kg was given intravenously in group F.After successful puncture, both groups were induced by Propofol 1.5 mg/kg, followed by Propofol infusion at 4-7 mg·kg-1·h-1 in two groups.The changes of MAP, HR, SpO2 and RR before, during and after operation were recorded.Body movement and respiratory depression were recorded.The total amount of propofol,the postoperative recovery time, postoperative nausea and vomiting, and postoperative 4 h VAS scores were recorded.Results There was no significant difference in general condition and intraoperative condition of ablation operation between the two groups.The incidences of respiratory depression and body movement in group F were significantly higher than those in group O.There was no significant difference in the incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting between the two groups.VAS score 4 h after operation in group F [(3.9±2.0) score] was significantly higher than that in group O [(1.7±0.9) score] (P<0.01).There was no significant difference in HR between the two groups at each point.Compared with before surgery, the MAP during surgery in group F was significantly increased (P<0.05),the RR during surgery in groups F and O were significantly lower (P<0.01 or P<0.05).The RR during surgery in group F was significantly lower than that in group O(P<0.05),but there was no significant difference at the other points between the two groups.Conclusion Oxycodone can be used safely and effectively for percutaneous microwave ablation of liver cancer when the scope of ablation involving liver capsule.It has lower incidence of respiratory depression, effectively alleviates intraoperative pain and reduces postoperative pain.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610843

ABSTRACT

To improve the sensitivity of molecularly imprinted electrochemical sensors, a Pd nanoparticles-modified molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) film for the determination of trimethoprim (TMP) was developed by thermal polymerization with N, N′-methylene diacrylamide as a functional monomer, Pd nanoparticle as a dopant and ethylene glycol maleic rosinate acrylate as a crosslinking agent.The morphologies and chemical structures of the Pd nano-materials and the imprinted films were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy, respectively.The electrochemical properties of the nano-doped and undoped MIP sensors were investigated by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.Results showed that the morphologies and chemical structures and the electrochemical properties of the doped molecularly imprinted sensor were remarkably different from those of the undoped imprinted sensor.Linear responses of the imprinted sensor to TMP were observed for concentrations ranging from 5.0×10-7 mol/L to 4.0×10-3 mol/L (R=0.9995), with a detection limit of 3.2×10-8 mol/L (S/N=3).The Pd nanoparticle doped MIP sensors exhibited high selectivity.The chronoamperometry showed that no interference from potential interfering species such as sulfamethoxazole, sulfadiazine, glucose, and urea were noted.The proposed electrochemical sensor was used to determine TMP in actual samples, with average recoveries of 96.8%-102.0%.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609616

ABSTRACT

Objective To make an interpretation for the time-related evolving process of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal of hepatic tumors after microwave ablation (MWA) treatment.Methods A total of 56 patients with malignant hepatic tumors (56 lesions in total) were enrolled in this study.Upper abdominal MRI plain scan and enhanced scan were performed in all patients at the second day,one month and 6 months after MWA treatment.The MRI signal features of ablation zones at different time points on T1WI,T2WI,DWI as well as on contrast-enhanced T1WI were documented,and the judgment of whether there was tumor recurrence was made.Results Two days after MWA,the ablation zone was manifested as target-like structure on T1WI and T2WI,which was characterized by central high signal ablation zone with low signal band around on T1WI and low signal ablation zone surrounded by high signal band on T2WI.One and 6 months after MWA,the volume of ablation area was atrophied,the target-like structure could still be observed on T1WI and T2WI,and the signal of ablation zone became intensified.Contrast-enhanced MRI revealed that abnormal high perfusion sign could be observed around the ablation zone,and on MRI scans performed at two days,one and 6 months after MWA,the ablation zone showed no enhancement.DWI indicated that two days after MWA the signal around the ablation zone was heightened,which decreased gradually in one and 6 months after MWA.Conclusion The signal of the ablation zone of hepatic tumor after MWA is evolving over time.Correct interpretation of MRI signal of ablation zone is helpful for the judgment of curative effect and for the making of therapeutic plan.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505992

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the curative effect of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with microwave ablation (MWA) with that of simple TACE in treating large liver cancers.Methods A computer-based search assisted by manual searching for TACE+MWA vs simple TACE clinical control trials for large liver cancers was conducted.The patient survival,tumor response and complications were enrolled in the scope of analysis.Results A total of 16 papers met the inclusion criteria,which included 1199 patients in total.Meta-analysis indicated that one-,2-and 3-year survival rates of TACE+MWA group were better than those of simple TACE group,and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P<0.01).The complete response (CR) rate and partial response (PR) rate of TACE+MWA group were higher than those of simple TACE group,and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P<0.01).The stable disease (SD) rate and progressive disease (PD) rate of TACE+MWA group were lower than those of simple TACE group,and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P<0.01).Conclusion For the treatment of large liver cancers,TACE +MWA is superior to simple TACE.(J Intervent Radiol,2017,26:225-231)

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666396

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the curative effect of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE)plus microwave ablation (MWA) with that of pure TACE in treating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) larger than 5 cm in diameter.Methods The clinical data of 208 patients with HCC,who were admitted to authors' hospital to receive treatment during the period from June 2014 to December 2015,were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were divided into combination group (n=40,treated with TACE+MWA) and TACE group (n=168,treated with TACE only).By using 1 ∶ 1 pairing,the curative results of the two groups were analyzed.The survival of patient was taken as the primary observation index,and both the one-month solidtumor response value determined with modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST)and the reduction in AFP level were the secondary observation indexes.Results A total of 31 pairings were accomplished.The baseline data of the paired groups were comparable.The results indicated that half-,one-,1.5-,2-and 2.5-year survival rates in the combination group were 96.8%,90.3%,86.8%,82.5% and 70.7% respectively,which were significantly better than those of 77.4%,61.3%,53.6%,48.2% and 24.1% respectively in the TACE group (P=0.011).The one-month tumor-control rate and the reduction degree in AFP level of the combination group were better than those of the TACE group.No severe complications occurred in both groups.Conclusion For the treatment of HCC that is larger than 5 cm in diameter,TACE combined with MWA is superior to pure TACE in increasing survival rate as well as in improving tumor-control rate.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602790

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the expression of CD47 and calreticulin and their relationships with clini-copathologic features,prognosis in infiltrating ductal breast carcinomas.Methods The expression of CD47 and calret-iculin was evaluated in 128 cases with infiltrating ductal breast carcinomas by means of immunohistochemistry,and the relationship between CD47 and other clinicopathologic factors as well as prognosis were analyzed.Results The expression level of CD47 in cancer nest was 81/128,which was lower than 106/128 in its adjacent normal epithelium (χ2 =12.400,P<0.05),but calreticulin expression was 50/128 and was higher in cancer nest(χ2 =21.510,P<0.05 ).In addition,the expression level of calreticulin had certain difference in different molecular subtype (χ2 =21.510,P<0.05),and an increased expression in Basal-like and Her-(2 +)/ER(-)subtypes.The expression level of CD47 was associated with tumor sizes,histological tumor grade and lymph node involvement(χ2 =11.400, 4.732,5.432,all P<0.05),and the expression level of calreticulin was associated with histological tumor grade and distant metastasis(χ2 =10.810,6.770,all P<0.05).The 5 -year survival rate of patients performed following-up was 68.37%.Univariate analysis indicated the survival rate in 5 years of high level CD47,calreticulin expression was higher than that of low level CD47,calreticulin expression(χ2 =5.231,13.069,all P<0.05).Conclusion The expression of CD47,calreticulin is associated with index of dysprognosis and survival rate in 5 years,so combined CD47 and calreticulin detect may be of prognostic value in patients with breast caner.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465369

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The metastatic potential of hepatocelular carcinoma cels is key factor influencing patient’s prognosis. To observe the effect of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels on metastasis of hepatocelular carcinoma is of great significance for improving the lifetime of hepatocelular carcinoma patients. OBJECTIVE:To explore the biological effect of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels on hepatocelular carcinoma cels with different metastatic potentials. METHODS:Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels and hepatocelular carcinoma cel suspension with high and low metastatic potentials were respectively injected into the Transwel chamber, and after 36 hours of co-culture, ELISA method was used to detect the absorbance value as wel as cel counting method was used to observe the changes in the invasion ability of hepatocelular carcinoma cels. The effects of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels on the proliferation of hepatocelular carcinoma cel suspension with high and low metastatic potentials were determined using cel counting kit-8. PCR method was adopted to measure the expression of osteopontin, bone specific sialoproteins, integration (alpha V), transforming growth factor beta 1 and programmed cel death protein 5. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) The number of migrated hepatocelular carcinoma cels was significantly lower in the co-culture group than the single culture group, and based on the semi-quantitative detection of invasion ability, the absorbance value of the co-culture group was significantly lower than that in the single culture group (P 0.05). In the co-culture group with low metastatic potential, the expression of osteopontin, bone specific sialoproteins, and integration (alpha V) were declined remarkably (P 0.05). However, in the co-culture group with low metastatic potential, the expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 and programmed cel death protein 5 was both increased dramaticaly (P < 0.05). These findings suggest that the human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels reduce the invasion ability of hepatocelular carcinoma cels, and enhance their ability of proliferation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621955

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of in vitro artificial CO 2 cavity on matrix metallopro-teinase 2(MMP-2), adhesion molecule vascular cell adhesion molecule 1(VCAM-1), and intercellular adhesion molecule 1(ICAM-1)expression in MDA-MB-231 cell.Methods An in vitro artificial CO2 cavity model was es-tablished.MDA-MB-231 cells were exposed to CO2 under the pressure of 7 mmHg for 1, 2 and 4 hours, respective-ly.MMP-2 concentration was measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 ex-pression were measured by flow cytometry 0, 24, 48 and 72 hours after CO2-insufflation.Hypoxia group was ex-posed to 0 mmHg helium for 1 h, and the control group was exposed to 37℃incubator only .Results Compared with that in the control group , MMP-2 expression in the 1, 2 and 4 hours treatment group was significantly elevat-ed at 0 hour(F=15.045, P<0.05), and the MMP-2 expression in the 2 hours CO2 treatment group was signifi-cantly elevated after 24 hours compared with that in the control group and 1, and 4 hours CO2 treatment group (F=5.976, P<0.05).The VCAM-1 expression was significantly elevated at 0 hour and after 24 hours in the 1, 2 and 4 hours CO2 treatment group compared with that in the control group ( F1 =18.321, F2 =20.443, P<0.05), and significantly declined after 72 hours in the 4 hours CO2 treatment group compared with that in 1, and 2 hours CO2 treatment group(F=15.045,P<0.05).ICAM-1 expression was significantly elevated at 0 hour in hypoxia group and 1, 2, 4 hours CO2 treatment group compared with that in the control group , Meanwhile it was higher in 2 hours CO2 treatment group than in 1 hours and 4 hours CO2 treatment group(F=73.765, P<0.05). ICAM-1 expression was significantly elevated after 24 hours in 2 and 4 hours CO2 treatment group compared with that in the control group and 1 hour CO2 treatment group(F=46.322, P<0.05), and it was significantly elevat-ed after 48 hours in 2 hours CO2 treatment group compared with that in the control group and 1, and 4 hours CO2 treatment group(F=22.315, P<0.05).Conclusion The expression of MMP-2, adhesion molecule VCAM-1, and ICAM-1 in MDA-MB-231 cells is elevated after exposure to artificial 7 mmHg CO2 cavity, and CO2 cavity of mastoscopy may modulate the metastasis capacity of breast tumor cells .

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 905-909, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489324

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence and mortality of prostate cancer and its time trend from 2009 to 2014 in Shaoxing of Zhejiang province.Methods The data of prostate cancer in Shaoxing from 2009 to 2014 was collected to calculate the incidence,age-standardized incidence rate by Chinese standard population (ASR China) or by world standard population (ASR world) and percentage change (PC) of incidence.The annual percentage change (APC) of incidence was estimated by linear regression based on the logarithm of the incidence rates observed.Results During 2009-2014,a total of 1 417 new cases in Shaoxing were diagnosed as prostate cancer,and the average age was 74.14 ± 9.20 years.The crude incidence of prostate cancer was 10.74/100 000 (ASR China 4.06/100 000,ASR World 5.94/100 000).Mortality of prostate cancer in Shaoxing was 499 with the crude mortality rate of 3.78/100 000 (ASR China 1.25/100 000,ASR World 2.03/100 000),and the average age was 75.57 ± 8.21 years.The crude incidence of prostate cancer increased from 6.66/100 000 in 2009 to 17.00/100 000 in 2014 (APC =21.41%,P < 0.05),while the APC values of ASR China and ASR World were 14.91% (P <0.05) and 15.37% (P < 0.05),respectively.The crude mortality rate increased from 2.28/100 000 to 6.56/100 000 (APC =22.63%,P <0.05),while the APC values of ASR China and ASR World were 16.42% (P > 0.05) and 14.57% (P >0.05),respectively.In Shaoxing,new cases and deaths of prostate cancer were never found among men younger than 40 years,but the incidence and mortality rate began to rise from the age of 40,with a rapid rise appearing after 50 years of age,and the incidence and mortality rate both reached the peak value (158.11/100 000 and 111.42/100 000) in the group of older than 85 years at last.Conclusions Although the incidence and mortality rate of prostate cancer were low in Shaoxing,but they had increased by time from 2009 to 2014.Elderly male population was the people at high risk of prostate cancer;specific corresponding measures should be taken to strengthen the prevention and control of prostate cancer.

12.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 25-28, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453273

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of extended nursing mainly by stoma therapists on the self-care ability of permanent colostomy patients group.Methods Seventy-eight patients with permanent colostomy were equally randomized by random digits table into control group and observation group.The former received routine discharge education by duty nurses and the latter the extended nursing mainly by stoma therapists. Three months after discharge,the exercise of self-care agency scale (ESCA) was used to conduct the assessments for comparisons of two groups.Result The score on ESCA in the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.01).Conclusion The extended nursing mainly by stoma therapists can improve colostomy patients’quality of life effectively and help them more knowledgeable about the stoma knowledge and skills to enhance self-care ability.

13.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 11-13,14, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598568

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between the clinical nurses’turnover intention and their job satisfaction of their present working status.Method The Mueller/Mccloskey Satisfaction Scales(MMSS)and Turnover Intention Scale(TIS)were employed to implement the questionnaire survey among 531 registered nurses from a hospital in Taishan,Guangdong.Results The total scores on nurses turnover intention and their job satisfaction were(3?34±0?40)and(14?54±1?38)respectively.The opportunity for professional improvement,welfare and income,balance between job and family were negatively correlated with their turnover intention (all P<0?05).Conclusions The nursing administration should look into the conditions of nurse’s turnover intention and their job satisfactions so that they can take effective measures to improve their job satisfaction and decrease their turnover intention.

14.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1242-1243, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385120

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the clinical value of measuring the concentration of serum osteoprotegerin (OPG) in detecting the bone metastases in patients with prostate cancer. Methods The concentration of serum OPG in 40 patients was determined by ELISA. The data of ECT bone scan and Gleason score was collected simultaneously. The correlations between serum OPG and bone metastases, Gleason score were tested. Results The concentration of serum OPG in patients with bone metastases by ECT scan was( 16 237. 19 ±5144. 26) ng/L,which was significantly higher than the concentration in patients without bone metastases , which was (12 123.32 ±4136. 50)ng/L. There was no significant correlation between serum OPG and Gleason score. Conclusions The serum OPG has an important clinical value in prediction of prostate cancer with bone metastases. There is no significant correlation between serum OPG and the Gleason score.

15.
Modern Hospital ; (6): 116-118, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499480

ABSTRACT

By using the procedures of the routinization of risk assessment - implementation - evaluation of result-modification to the risk management and carring out the feasibility exploretion on the application and effect of the ward nursing management, so that care defects, nursing errors and the number of cases of occurrence of accidents has significantly reduced, the patients satisfactory degree has rised from 92.5% to 98.5%, improved the quality of care and ensured the safety of patients, fully enhanced the quality of nursing services.

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