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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940671


ObjectiveTo explore the material basis for the difference in the efficacy of different parts of mulberry based on molecular connectivity index (MCI). MethodBy referring to the relevant literature at home and abroad and traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform (TCMSP) database, the chemical composition database of mulberry-source medicinal materials was established. Venn analysis was carried out on the components among mulberry-source medicinal materials. The components in the database were divided into 10 categories, and the composition information was analyzed. According to MCI value, all components of mulberry-source medicinal materials were divided into different groups. The angle cosine method was used to calculate the MCI similarity. The average MCI values of the common component group from 0-8 orders and CI of mulberry-source medicinal materials were calculated. ResultThe components with high similarity such as (+)-cycloolivil, 1′-methoxy-2′-hydroxydihydromollugin, kuwanon, morusin and 1-deoxynojirimycin were selected as potential pharmacodynamic components. Mulberry-source medicinal materials could be divided into five component groups. The similarity between component groups and total components was 0.760-0.999, and the similarity between component groups was 0.248-0.999. In Mori Ramulus, Mori Folium, Mori Cortex and Mori Fructus, the average MCI values of their flavonoids from 0-8 orders were 4.57, 4.59, 6.41, 4.24, respectively. The average MCI values of alkaloids from 0-8 orders were 2.65, 4.55, 2.58, 2.78, respectively. The average CI values from 0-8 orders were 5.51, 5.49, 5.44 and 2.88, respectively. ConclusionIt is preliminarily concluded that there are differences in the flavonoids and pathways of hypoglycemic effects between Mori Cortex and the other three mulberry-source medicinal materials. The MCI values of alkaloids from 0-8 orders in Mori Folium and Mori Fructus were higher, but their inhibitory activity of α-glucosidase were lower than those of Mori Ramulus and Mori Cortex. The structural characteristics of the total components of Mori Fructus represented by CI were quite different from the other three mulberry-source medicinal materials.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933994


Objective:To quantify any correlation between the severity of spinal curvature of an adolescent with idiopathic scoliosis and their cardiopulmonary exercise endurance.Methods:The cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) results and the full-length spinal X-rays in a standing position of 64 adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis were reviewed retrospectively. Independent t-tests were used to compare the two datasets obtained from those with left or right thoracic scoliosis. The correlation between the Cobb angle and cardiopulmonary exercise endurance was analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficients, multiple factor linear regression and two-stage linear regression.Results:After adjusting for gender, age, height and weight, the multiple linear regression analysis showed that the Cobb angle was significantly negatively correlated with maximum tidal volume (β=-0.013) and significantly positively correlated with the rate of respiration (β=0.421). The relationship between the Cobb angle and cardiopulmonary exercise endurance was non-linear. With a Cobb angle > 34°, a 1° increase reduces cardiopulmonary exercise endurance by a factor of 1.4 on average. At smaller Cobb angles the corresponding increase is about 0.87 times.Conclusions:The Cobb angle is a negative predictor of ventilation during exercise among adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. The more severe a patient′s spinal curvature, the lower the cardiopulmonary exercise endurance is likely to be.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512721


AIM To develop a RP-HPLC method for the simultaneous content determination of five constituents in wild Gastrodia elata Blume,G.elata Bl.form.glauca S.Chow,G.elata Bl.form.elata and G.elata Bl.form.flavida S.Chow from seven growing areas (Zhaotong and Lijiang in Yunan,Lu'an in Anhui,Hanzhong in Shannxi,Dejiang in Guizhou,Guangyuan in Sichuan,and Yichang in Hubei).METHODS The analysis of Gastrodiae Rhizoma 70% methanol extract was performed on a 35 ℃ thermostatic Waters Sunfire C18 column (4.6 mm ×250 mm,5 μm),with the mobile phase comprising of methanol-0.1% formic acid flowing at 1.0 mL/min in a gradient elution manner,and the detection wavelength was set at 270 nm.RESULTS Adenosine,gastrodin,4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol,4-hydroxybenzaldehyde and parishin A showed good linear relationships within their own ranges (r≥0.999 5),whose average recoveries were 99.34%-101.33% with the RSDs of 1.85%-3.28%.Their contents were the highest in G.elata Bl.form.glauca S.Chow cultivated in Zhaotong (collected in 2013),Lu'an (collected in 2013),Yichang (collected in 2013),Zhaotong (collected in 2014) and Yichang (collected in 2013),respectively,and the total content was the highest in G.elata Bl.form.glauca S.Chow cultivated in Yichang (collected in 2013).CONCLUSION This accurate,sensitive and reliable method can be used for the quality control of Gastrodiae Rhizoma.