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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904763

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between cystatin C level and the plasma trough concentration of teicoplanin, so as to provide a reference for the rational application of teicoplanin in clinical practice. Methods The clinical data of the patients receiving teicoplanin, who admitted to our hospital from October 2017 to July 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The distribution of teicoplanin concentration, the difference of teicoplanin concentration under different cystatin C level, and influence factors for teicoplanin concentration (<15 µg/ml) were analyzed. Results A total of 98 patients including 65 males and 33 females, aged 19 to 94 (52.2±16.2) years old, with 141 trough concentrations were enrolled. The trough concentration of teicoplanin was 11.51 (8.35, 19.07) µg/ml, and the range was 3.57-41.93 µg/ml. 95 cases (67.38%) had teicoplanin concentration <15 µg/ml. When the concentration of cystatin C was >1.05 mg/L, the trough concentration of teicoplanin were 11.37 (8.96, 20.52) µg/ml, significantly higher than those when the concentration of cystatin C was in normal [8.68 (6.34, 11.79) µg/ml, Z=−2.636, P<0.05]. Logistic regression analysis showed that cystatin C level was the influencing factor for teicoplanin trough concentration does not meet the standard (OR=1.529, 95%CI=1.001-2.336, P<0.05). Conclusion The concentration of teicoplanin is significantly increased when the cystatin C level is higher than the normal. Cystatin C level is the influence factor for teicoplanin trough concentration not meeting the standard. The cystatin C level may be considered as a reference for teicoplanin dosage adjustment in clinical practice.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882712

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an analytical method for measuring the concentration of glucose in saliva by ion chromatography.Methods:The proteins in saliva were removed by thermal denaturation method, CarboPac PA20 (3×30 mm) was used as a protective column and CarboPac PA20 (3×150 mm) was used as an analytical column for ion chromatography analysis. Gradient elution was carried out with A: ultra-pure water, B: 250 mmol/L NaOH solution and C: 500 mmol/L NaAc solution. Pulsed ampere detector was used for detection.Results:This method had a good linear relationship in the range of 0.04 to 0.12 mg/L, with a linear relation coefficient of 0.9967. The detection limit of glucose was 2 μg/L, the mean value of the relative standard deviation (RSD) of the repeatability measurement was 0.75%, and the average spike recovery was 103.07%.Conclusion:This method is simple, sensitive, accurate and stable, and can be used for the determination of glucose concentration in saliva.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 577-582, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870992

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between urinary stone disease (USD) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD).Methods:The study was based on the cross-sectional chronic diseases survey performed in Pinggu district, Beijing from March to May, 2014. All subjects completed a questionnaire, physical examination, renal ultrasound examination to detect USD, ankle-brachial index (ABI) examination to detect PAD (defined as ABI<0.9 on either side of the body), and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) measurement to estimate arterial stiffness. Blood and first morning urine sample were detected for serum creatinine, blood glucose and so on.Results:There were 10 281 participants included in this study. Among these participants, the prevalences of USD and PAD were 5.66% and 3.95%, respectively. Compared with non-stone participants, the persistent USD formers had a higher prevalence of PAD (8.26% vs 3.90%, P<0.001) and baPWV [(16.3±3.5) m/s vs (15.5±3.2) m/s, P<0.001]. Even after adjusting the confounding factors, the persistent USD formers also had a 2.066-fold increased risk of PAD ( OR=2.066, 95% CI 1.276-3.343, P=0.003). In the subgroup analysis, persistent USD patients in older participants who were≥60 years old, women, chronic kidney disease, and central obesity had a significantly increased risk of PAD. Conclusions:In the present population, persistent USD is positively associated with a high risk of PAD and increased arterial stiffness. Patients with persistent USD should be screened for vascular diseases.

4.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 613-617, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821838

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe development of new endovascular imaging techniques has optimized surgical treatment strategies. In this paper, we investigated the effect of rotational atherectomy (RA) guided by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) on long-term postoperative follow-ups.MethodsClinical data of 211 patients who underwent RA in the Department of Cardiology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from November 2011 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, and they were divided into IVUS Group (116 patients) and Non-IVUS Group (95 patients) according to whether they underwent the guidance of intravascular ultrasound or not. Basic information of all patients, coronary artery lesions and details of operation and other clinical data were collected. The long-term prognosis of the patients was collected and compared by telephone or outpatient follow-ups.ResultsThe head diameter, average stent diameter and total hospitalization expenses of the IVUS Group were significantly higher than those of the Non-IVUS Group, and the differences were statistically significant [(1.53±0.19) mm vs (1.46±0.14) mm, P=0.001; (3.09±0.48) mm vs (2.87±0.30) mm, P0.05). Multivariate COX regression analysis showed that the cardiogenic mortality was significantly reduced in the IVUS Group (HR=0.10, 95%CI: 0.02~0.63, P=0.014), but there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the incidence of all-cause death and long-term MACE (P>0.05).ConclusionCompared with the Non-IVUS Group, IVUS-guided RA can significantly reduce the incidence of long-term cardiogenic death and total hospitalization expenses.

5.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 613-617, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821818

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe development of new endovascular imaging techniques has optimized surgical treatment strategies. In this paper, we investigated the effect of rotational atherectomy (RA) guided by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) on long-term postoperative follow-ups.MethodsClinical data of 211 patients who underwent RA in the Department of Cardiology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from November 2011 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, and they were divided into IVUS Group (116 patients) and Non-IVUS Group (95 patients) according to whether they underwent the guidance of intravascular ultrasound or not. Basic information of all patients, coronary artery lesions and details of operation and other clinical data were collected. The long-term prognosis of the patients was collected and compared by telephone or outpatient follow-ups.ResultsThe head diameter, average stent diameter and total hospitalization expenses of the IVUS Group were significantly higher than those of the Non-IVUS Group, and the differences were statistically significant [(1.53±0.19) mm vs (1.46±0.14) mm, P=0.001; (3.09±0.48) mm vs (2.87±0.30) mm, P0.05). Multivariate COX regression analysis showed that the cardiogenic mortality was significantly reduced in the IVUS Group (HR=0.10, 95%CI: 0.02~0.63, P=0.014), but there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the incidence of all-cause death and long-term MACE (P>0.05).ConclusionCompared with the Non-IVUS Group, IVUS-guided RA can significantly reduce the incidence of long-term cardiogenic death and total hospitalization expenses.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 340-343, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817341

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide reference for clinical treatment of Acinetobacter baumannii infection and rational use of antibiotics. METHODS :By retrospective analysis ,64 500 strains of bacteria were isolated from the inpatients of our hospital during Jan. 2015 to Dec. 2018. WHONET 5.6 software was used to analyze the detection rate ,specimen type ,departments of A. baumannii. The resistance of A. baumannii to 18 commonly used antibiotics in 4 years was analyzed by RxC table χ 2 test. RESULTS:A total of 2 072,2 040,2 017 and 2 143 strains of A. baumannii were isolated during 2015-2018,accounting for 12.85%,13.38%,13.60%,11.71% of positive specimens. The main specimen types of 8 272 strains of A. baumannii were sputum(4 368 strains,52.81%),pus(1 106 strains,13.37%),ascites(804 strains,9.72%). The main departments were burn department(1 605 strains,19.40%),hepatobiliary department (1 200 strains,14.51%),brain surgery department (977 strains, 11.81%). The drug resistance rate to 18 kinds of antibiotics showed a wave-like decreasing trend (P<0.001). In 2018,drug resistance rate to ampicillin and aztreonam was more than 80%,and that to ampicillin/sulbactam ,ceftazidime,levofloxacin, Compound sulfamethoxazole ,gentamicin,amikacin,tobramycin and tegacyclin was less than 50% ,among which the drug resistance rate to amikacin and tegacyclin were 14.7% and 0,respectively. CONCLUSIONS :There is no significant change in the number of isolates and detection rate of A. baumannii in our hospital between 2015 and 2018. The bacteria mainly cause respiratory tract infection. Amikacin or tegacyclin are recommended for treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754803

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the fetal facial angles at 11 -38 weeks of gestation by three‐dimensional ultrasound ( 3DUS) and analyze the correlation between facial angles and gestational age( GA ) . Methods From 2013 April to 2014 February ,439 singleton fetuses ranged 11-38 weeks of gestation were enrolled in this study . T he details of mid‐sagittal plane of facial profile was confirmed with 3DUS . Four facial angels were measured in this plane ,including frontomaxillary facial angle ( FM F ) ,frontonasal angle ( FNA ) ,mandibulomaxillary facial angle( M M F) and maxilla‐nasion‐mandible angle( M NM ) . T he intra‐and interobserver reliability were calculated in first 30 cases ,intra‐class correlation coefficient( ICC) greater than 0 .75 indicated good reliability . Pearson′s correlation coefficient ( r ) ,curve estimation and polynomial regression models were used to evaluate the correlation of the fetal facial angles with GA . Results ICC of the same observer were 0 .968 ,0 .962 ,0 .974 and 0 .988 ,respectively . ICC of different observer were 0 .948 , 0 .905 ,0 .874 and 0 .889 ,respectively . T he fetal facial angles of FM F ,FNA ,M M F and M NM showed correlations with GA ( r = -0 .369 ,0 .447 ,-0 .470 ,0 .386 ; all P =0 .000) . Using GA as the independent variable and the facial angles as the dependent variables , the best fit regressing equation was cubic polynomial :FM F=135 .300-6 .473×GA+0 .235×GA2 -0 .003×GA3 ( R2 =0 .240 , P =0 .000 ) ;FNA=58 .920+7 .452×GA -0 .274×GA2 -0 .003×GA3 ( R2 =0 .297 , P =0 .000 ) ;M M F=132 .329 -5 .337× GA+0 .191× GA2 -0 .002× GA3 ( R2 = 0 .304 , P = 0 .000) ;M NM = -24 .592+ 4 .653× GA -0 .173× GA2 + 0 .002 × GA3 ( R2 = 0 .413 , P = 0 .000 ) . Conclusions The development of fetal facial angles are related to GA . T he growing patterns of fetal facial angles fit with a cubic polynomial function .

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754588

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of different hemodialysis modes on growth factor-15 (GDF-15) and left ventricular function in uremic patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). Methods One hundred and twenty uremic patients with chronic renal failure whose MHD > 3 months admitted to Guiyang Second People's Hospital from June 2017 to June 2018 were enrolled, and they were divided into a hemodialysis (HD)+ hemofiltration (HDF)+hemoperfusion (HP) group (HD 8 times per month, HDF 4 times per month, HP 1 time per month), a HD+HDF group (HD 8 times per month, HDF 1 time per month) and a HD group (HD 8 times a month) according to different dialysis modes, each group 40 cases. The patients' venous blood was collected before treatment and 6 months and 1 year after treatment, serum was separated, and the GDF-15 levels in the three groups were detected; the left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVDD), left ventricular end-systolic dimension (LVDS), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVVD), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVVS), left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWT), ventricular septal thickness (LVST), maximum blood flow ratio (E/A) of early to late diastole and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in three groups were detected by echocardiography. Results After treatment, the GDF-15 levels and LVDD, LVDS, LVVD, LVVS, LVPWT, LVST and E/A in the three groups were significantly lower than those before treatment, while LVEF was significantly higher than that before treatment (all P < 0.05); the changes after treatment in the HD+HDF+HP group were more significant than those in the HD+HDF group and HD group [GDF-15 (ng): 853.78±78.80 vs. 921.73±72.54, 971.07±72.05, LVDD (mm): 48.25±1.25 vs. 50.67±1.26, 51.69±1.33, LVDS (mm): 35.21±1.01 vs. 37.84±0.90, 38.91±0.83, LVVD (mL): 101.44±4.40 vs. 109.27±6.47, 115.11±5.46, LVVS (mL): 35.75±1.52 vs. 37.75±1.70, 39.48±1.48, LVPWT (mm): 8.26±0.77 vs. 10.24±0.98, 11.22±0.91, LVST (mm): 9.07±0.48 vs. 10.47±0.61, 11.60±0.58, E/A: 1.03±0.05 vs. 1.07±0.06, 1.15±0.08, LVEF: 0.64±0.03 vs. 0.59±0.03, 0.51±0.04, all P <0.05]. Conclusion The combined hemo- dialysis with different hemodialysis modes can effectively reduce the level of GDF-15 in uremic patients with chronic renal failure and MHD and improve their left ventricular function, thus the incidence of cardiovascular events and mortality in such patients can be decreased.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821653

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the indoor effect of six human metabolic compounds for trapping adult Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus. Methods The effects of six human metabolic compounds alone (acetic acid, propionic acid, octanoic acid, lactic acid, 1-octene-3-alcohol and urea alone), liquid lactic acid, acetic acid, propionic acid, octanoic acid, lactic acid or 1-octene-3-alcohol in combination with urea at an equal mass ratio, and lactic acid-urea combinations at various mass ratios, for trapping Cx. p. quinquefasciatus were examined using the trapping method, while the dechlorinated water served as a control. Results The indoor mosquito-trapping efficacy of the six human metabolic compounds was all superior to the dechlorinated water. Acetic acid, propionic acid, octanoic acid, or 1-octene-3-alcohol combined with urea at a mass ratio of 1∶1 had a comparable mosquito-trapping efficacy with acetic acid, propionic acid, octanoic acid, or 1-octene-3-alcohol alone (all P values > 0.05). The lactic acidurea combination at a mass ratio of 1∶1 had a significantly higher mean cumulative trapping capacity [(35.60 ± 8.11) mosquitoes] than lactic acid [(20.80 ± 8.53) mosquitoes], urea [(17.00 ± 7.18) mosquitoes] or dechlorinated water alone (7.20 ± 2.68) (all P values < 0.05). In addition, the lactic acid-urea combinations at mass ratios of 1∶1, 1∶2, 1∶3, 1∶4 or 1∶5 all had significantly greater mosquito-trapping efficacies than lactic acid, urea or dechlorinated water alone (all P values < 0.05), and the optimal combination (lactic acid-urea at a 1∶4 mass ratio) had a mean cumulative trapping capacity of (56.20 ± 9.88) mosquitoes, which was significantly superior to lactic acid [(17.00 ± 3.94) mosquitoes], urea [(16.40 ± 3.78) mosquitoes] or dechlorinated water alone [(7.40 ± 3.44) mosquitoes] (all P values < 0.05). Conclusions The lactic acid-urea combination remarkably increases the indoor trapping capability of Cx. p. quinquefasciatus, and this combination has a weak smell, which is suitable to be used at home and office environments.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816207

ABSTRACT

Transvaginal ultrasound is the preferred imaging method for the diagnosis of adenomyosis.The ultrasonographic features of adenomyosis are closely related to its histopathological features.The main sonographic features include spherical enlargement of uterus,asymmetric thickening of anterior and posterior walls,uneven echo of myometrium,linear streaks or island nodules under endometrium,unclear demarcation of endometrium-myometrium,thickening,irregular or interrupted junction zone(JZ),fence-like shadow,intramyometrial cysts,CDFI showing increased blood flow signals in the affected area of myometrium,translesional vascularity and so on.Advanced ultrasound technology,such as cline clips and three-dimensional ultrasound,can complement the shortcomings of conventional ultrasound and improve the diagnostic efficacy of ultrasound for adenomyosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813016

ABSTRACT

Trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) is a biologically active molecule which is metabolized by intestinal microflora and excreted by the kidney. The incidence and mortality of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are significantly increased, which seriously affects the prognosis of patients with CKD. Recent studies have shown that TMAO can cause myocardial fibrosis and cardiovascular damage. Plasma TMAO levels are elevated in CKD patients, and TMAO was an independent predictor for all-cause mortality in patients with CKD, including CVD events. As a "uremic toxin", TMAO can promote the progression and the occurrence of CVD in CKD patients through its toxic effects, such as inflammatory response and oxidative stress. Taken together, it may suggest that reducing TMAO production and plasma TMAO levels may decrease the occurrence of CVD events in CKD and that TMAO may be a therapeutic target for ameliorating the prognosis of CKD.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Cardiovascular Diseases , Humans , Methylamines , Oxides , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806757

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the value of prenatal ultrasound in diagnosis of congenital dacryocystocele.@*Methods@#The ultrasonographic features of 16 fetuses with congenital dacryocystocele were retrospectively reviewed and the outcome of pregnancy were followed up.@*Results@#The median gestational week detected with prenatal ultrasound was 30.29 weeks, the mean diameter was (8.96±1.96)mm. Congenital dacryocystoceles were unilateral in 12 fetuses and bilateral in 4 fetuses, 10 were female and 6 were male. The typical ultrasonic feature was anechoic cystic mass with clear boundary in relation to the medial and inferior aspects of the fetal orbit. The dacryocystocele resolved spontaneously prenatally in 5 fetuses, resolved spontaneously after delivery in 10 fetuses. One fetus died in caesarean section due to complete placenta previa.@*Conclusions@#Congenital dacryocystitis has its characteristic ultrasonographic features, and most cases can disappear naturally in prenatal or early newborns.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701171

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of down-regulation of X-box binding protein 1(XBP1)expression on the viability and apoptosis of glioma cells.METHODS:The mRNA expression of XBP1 in the glioma tissues was de-tected by qPCR.Small interfering RNA(siRNA)interfering with XBP1 expression(XBP1-siRNA)was transfected into human brain glioma U251 cells.At the same time,control group(the cells without special treatment)and negative control (NC-siRNA)group(transfected with siRNA without any interference)were set up.The mRNA expression of XBP1 in the 3 groups 48 h after transfection was detected by qPCR.The protein levels of XBP1, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA),B-cell lymphoma/leukemia-2(Bcl-2),Bcl-2-associated X protein(Bax),cyclin D1(cyclin D1), phosphati-dylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)and phosphorylated Akt(p-Akt)were determined by Western blot.The cell viability was measured by CCK-8 assay.The cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry.RESULTS:The ex-pression level of XBP1 in the glioma tissues was significantly higher than that in the tumor adjacent tissues(P<0.05). The XBP1 expression at mRNA and protein levels was significantly decreased in the cells transfected with XBP1-siRNA(P<0.05).No statistically significant difference of the cell viability, cell cycle, apoptotic rate and the protein levels of PCNA,Bcl-2,Bax,cyclin D1,PI3K and p-Akt between NC-siRNA group and control group was observed.Compared with control group,the cell viability, S-phase cells and the protein levels of PCNA, Bcl-2, cyclin D1, PI3K, and p-Akt in XBP1-siRNA group were decreased significantly, and the apoptotic rate, G0/G1-phase cells and Bax protein expression were significantly increased(P<0.05).CONCLUSION:Down-regulation of XBP1 gene expression in brain glioma cells reduces the viability of cancer cells,blocks the cells in G1phase and promote apoptosis.The mechanism is related to the inhibition of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1386-1388, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the formulation of Xiqingguo buccal tablet,optimize the proportion and quantity of main materials. METHODS:Using appearance,hardness,dissolution and taste as investigation indexes,orthogonal design was adopted to optimize the proportion and quantity of main thinner(lactose,mannitol),wetting agent(ethanol),lubricant(magnesium stea-rate),flavoring agent(aspartame),and critical relative humidity was detected. RESULTS:By wet granulation,the optimal formu-lation were as follows as the ratio of lactose and mannitol was 1:3,ethanol volume fraction was 60%,the dosage of menthol, magnesium stearate,aspartame and orange essence was 0.4%,0.9%,2.0%,0.4%;it was proven that the total score of 3 batches of samples were 2.67,2.67,2.70 (RSD=0.65%,n=3),respectively. The critical relative humidity of granule was 60%. CON-CLUSIONS:The Xiqingguo buccal tablet prepared by optimal prescription meets the requirements.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 517-523, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611042

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between dyslipidemia and nephrolithiasis in a population-based study.Methods All participants were investigated by questionnaires,physical examinations and laboratory tests including liver and renal function,lipid profile,serum fasting glucose,glycosylated hemoglobin.Nephrolithiasis was diagnosed by kidney Bultrasonography.Subjects with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 ml · min-1 · (1.73 m2)-1were excluded.Results 10 316 individuals were enrolled with an average age of (54.88 ± 10.27) years (range 17-88 years) and the ratio of male to female 1:1.12.The prevalence of nephrolithiasis was 5.6%,3.7% and 7.8% for whole population,women and men,respectively.In women,only eGFR in stone group was significantly lower than that in non-stone group (P < 0.05).However,participants in stone group were significantly older (P < 0.05),of higher blood pressure (P < 0.01),higher serum uric acid (P < 0.01),worse renal function (serum creatinine,P < 0.05;eGFR,P < 0.01),and higher low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (P < 0.05),compared with those in non-stone group in men.Logistic regression analysis showed that only eGFR (P < 0.05) was the independent influential factor for kidney stones in women;In men,LDL was an independent influential factor for nephrolithiasis with a hazard ratio of 1.149 (95%CI 1.003-1.317,P < 0.05),except for mean blood pressure and eGFR.After being divided into normal group,borderline high group and high LDL group according to the LDL level,with the increase of LDL,the prevalence of nephrolithiasis was significantly increased by 7.3%,8.3% and 10.6% in men respectively.There was no significant relationship between total cholesterol,triglyceride,high-density lipoprotein and nephrolithiasis.Conclusions Dyslipidemia is associated with nephrolithiasis in men,and high LDL cholesterol is an independent risk factor for nephrolithiasis.Clinical lipid testing not only helps to reduce the risk of atherosclerotic disease,but also reduces the risk of kidney stones.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641189

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the contrast enhanced perfusion pattern of PTC micro-vascular imaging (MVI) quantitatively.Investigate the correlation between PTC MVI features and CD34 micro-vascular density (MVD).Methods Thirty-nine pathological and clinical confirmed sporadic PTCs were evaluated with real-time gray-scale contrast-ernhanced micro-vascular imaging under a low mechanical index.The micro-bubble agent was SoneVue.Of the 39 PTCs,33 were classical PTCs,6 were PTC with follicular variant (FVPTC).The △ ROI,which is the subtraction of peak echo intensity between the lesion region of interest (ROI) and normal thyroid parenchyma ROI,was used to evaluate the perfusion characteristics of PTC MVI quantitatively.The paraffined specimens were selected for immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for CD3,and the correlation between △ ROI and the CD34 were evaluated.Results △ ROI was strongly correlated with the CD34 expression (P=0.000),significant differences were detected in the distribution pattern of △ ROI value among different CD34 expression levels,no overlapping of the mean △ ROI values and the 95% confidence intervals was found among the 3 CD34 expression levels.The PTC MVI perfusion was classified into 3 patterns,low perfusion,focal perfiusion and high perfusion,on the basis of combining△ ROI values with the peak ehco pattem in time-intensity curve.Conclusions The △ ROI is strongly correlated with the CD34 expression in papillary thyroid cancer.It can be used for the quantitative evaluation ofPTC MVI pattem and intensity as an objective indicator.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712034

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the fetal profile (FP) line with two-dimensional and three dimensional ultrasound, to explore the changes of fetal facial profile with gestational age,and to analyze the manifestation of FP line for abnormal chromosomal fetuses. Methods FP line, which was defined as the line that passes through the anterior border of mandible and the nasion, was test on the facial mid-sagittal plane. Firstly, from April 2013 to January 2014, FP line was analyzed in 439 normal fetuses of Peking Union Medical College Hospital at 11-38 weeks of gestation. According to the relationship between FP line and fetal frontal bone,it was divided into three types: the FP line passed anteriorly, across or posteriorly to the frontal bone, respectively. When the FP line passed posteriorly to the frontal bone, the distance (F distance) between the FP line with the frontal bone was measured. Secondly, 26 pathological fetuses (21 trisomy 21 fetuses with 13-33 weeks' gestation and 5 trisomy 18 fetuses with 21-31 weeks' gestation) were analyzed respectively. Results No cases with a FP line passed anteriorly to the frontal bone were found in all of normal fetuses. Most commonly seen was that FP line passed across to the frontal bone (92.26%). The FP line passed posteriorly to the frontal bone in up to 7.74%, and the mean F distance was 0.24 cm (range, 0.10-0.51 cm). In 21 fetuses of trisomy 21, 14 cases showed the FP line passed across to frontal bone, and 4 cases showed the FP line passed posteriorly frontal bone with the F distance from 0.23 cm to 0.55 cm. Three cases with sloping forehead with FP line passed anteriroly to frontal bone. As to 5 cases of trisomy 18, 2 cases showed FP line passed across to frontal bone, and 3 cases with micrognathia had FP line passed anteriroly to frontal bone. Conclusions No cases with a FP line passed anteriorly to the frontal bone were found in normal fetuses. The FP line, as a reference line for forehead and mandible abnormality, may be a useful tool to detect second trimester profile abnormalities such as sloping forehead and retrognathia.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712023

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the application of ultrasound and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in diagnosis and lymph node staging of breast cancer. Methods Using automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) and PET/CT examination of 40 lesions in 38 patients, and for comparison with the pathological findings, the diagnostic accuracy of PET/CT and ABVS in breast cancer was comparatively analyzed. Results The sensitivity of ABVS in the diagnosis of breast cancer was 95.65%, the specificity was 70.59%, and the accuracy rate was 85.00%; the sensitivity of PET/CT in the diagnosis of breast cancer was 86.96%, the specificity was 82.35%, and the accuracy rate was 85.00%;the diagnostic sensitivity of their combined application was 86.96%, the specificity was 94.12%, and the accuracy rate was 90.00%. In 10 cases of breast cancer patients with lymph node metastasis, the sensitivity、specificity and accuracy rate of PET/CT in the diagnosis of metastatic lymph nodes were 90.0%, 92.8%, and 92.1% respectively; the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy rate of ultrasound in the diagnosis of metastatic lymph nodes were 70.0%, 96.4% and 89.5%, respectively. Conclusions The ABVS and PET/CT are both effective approaches in the diagnosis of breast cancer. Their combined application may significantly improve the specificity and accuracy of diagnosis. For patients with lymph node metastases, the sensitivity of PET/CT for lymph node metastases was high and conducive to clinical staging, which is an important implication in guiding the choice of clinical treatment and prognosis of patients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711988

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characteristics of sonographic patterns of invasive mole (IM),observe specific ultrasonic signs and provide more evidences for early and precise diagnosis of IM.Methods Twenty patients diagnosed with IM at the PUMC Hospital from 2014 January to 2016 January were evaluated by transvaginal ultrasonography.These sonographic dynamic images were observed comprehensively and carefully in order to discover the early ultrasound characteristics and specific ultrasonic representations of IM.Results It was indicated by transvaginal ultrasonography that there were myometrial lesions in 4 patients with diameters less than 2.0 cm,performing as heteroechoic lesions in myometrium with obviously increased and disorder blood flow signals after the curettage of uterine cavity.Meanwhile,the myometrial lesions of 8 patients showed hydropic fluid-filled molar vesicles,representing swollen villi.Conclusions After the curettage of uterine cavity,presentations of the myometrial lesions with abnormally rich blood flow contribute to early diagnosis of IM.And the patterns of myometrial hydropic fluid-filled molar vesicles can play an important role in the accurate diagnosis of IM,and may distinguish it from choriocarcinoma.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711983

ABSTRACT

Objective Bladder leiomyoma is a rare type of benign bladder tumors.Because of the lack of knowledge about the ultrasonic pattems of this kind of disease,misdiagnosis frequently happens.Through reviewing the cases and relevant researches,we are able to understand the disease and figure it out in ultrasonic images.Methods Seventeen cases of patients with bladder leiomyoma were reviewed which were hospitalized in Peking Union Medical College Hospital during 2000 to 2016.All of the patients underwent ultrasound examinations before surgery.Transvaginal ultrasound was performed in 2 cases.And the diagnosis of each patient was confirmed by pathologic findings.Results In 14 Submucous leiomyomacases,hypoechoic mass with broad base was found in the bladder,circumscribed by a hyperechoic line,merging with mucous layer of the bladder.Circular shape was found in 6 cases,elliptical shape was in 9 cases,and 2 were lobulated.Blood signals were detected in 9 cases,while 8 cases showed no signals.Abundant regular blood flow was visualized in the 2 cases of transvaginal examinations.Conclusions There are some specific characteristics of bladder leiomyoma in ultrasound images,such as elliptical shape,hypoechoic mass with broad base,circumscribed by a hyperechoic line,merging with mucous layer of the bladder,thus it can be diagnosed before surgery by ultrasonography.Moreover,transvaginal ultrasound can provide more information for diagnosis and treatment planning of bladder leiomyoma,playing an important role in the diagnosis of bladder neoplasms.

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